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Stephen Delancey

For descendants with the same name, see Stephen Delancey (disambiguation).

Stephen Delancey (French: Étienne de Lancy; October 24, 1663 – November 18, 1741) was a major figure in the life of colonial New York. His children continued to wield great influence until the American Revolution.

Stephen Delancey
Born
Étienne de Lancy

(1663-10-24)October 24, 1663
DiedNovember 18, 1741(1741-11-18) (aged 78)
Spouse(s)
Anne van Cortlandt
(m.1700; died 1724)​
Children10, including James, Oliver
RelativesOliver De Lancey (son)
James De Lancey (grandson)
Stephen Delancey (grandson)
Oliver De Lancey (grandson)
John Watts (grandson)
Peter Warren (son-in-law)

Contents

Stephen DeLancy was born in Caen, France, on October 24, 1663 as Etienne de Lancy, the only son of Jacques de Lancy, Esq. and Marguerite Bertrand. His great-grandfather was Jacques de Lancy, a crown prosecutor, and his 2x-great grandfather was Charles de Lancy, 5th Viscount of Laval and Nouvion.

Ancestors

Coat of arms of the House of de Lancy
The castle of Raray in Picardy

The de Lancy family were minor French nobility (fr: la noblesse française) and, despite being of the Huguenot faith, served the French Crown as administrators and bureaucrats for over two hundred years. Dating back to the early 15th century, successive generations of the de Lancy family (or de Lanci in older texts) held the titles of Viscount of Laval and of Nouvion, Baron of Raray, Lord of Nery and of Faverolles, Verines, Ribecourt and Haramont. (Vicomte de Laval et de Nouvion, Baron de Raray, et Seigneur de Néry et de Faverolles, Vérines, Ribécourt, et Haramont) The family coat of arms is blazoned: Or an Eagle Sable displayed beaked and membered Gules, overall an escutcheon Azure in pale three spears erect Or. (Armes : d'or à l'aigle de sable becqué et membré de gueules chargé en coeur d'un écusson d'azur surchargé de trois lances d'or posées en pal.)

Jacques De Lancy, was descended from Guy de Lancy (d. 1436), the 1st Viscount of Laval and of Nouvion, which was created in 1432 during the reign of Henry VI. Guy was succeeded in 1436 by his son, Jean de Lancy, 2nd Viscount. He was succeeded by his son, Jean de Lancy, 3rd Viscount (b. 1470), who was succeeded by his son, Charles de Lancy, 4th Viscount in 1525. Ten years later, in 1535, Charles was succeeded by Charles de Lancy, 5th Viscount of Laval, who was the eldest of his two sons from his second marriage to Marie de Villiers. On April 15, 1534, Charles, the 5th Viscount, married Isabeau Branche, daughter of Fourcy Branche, Lord of Bréau, with whom he had three sons: Charles de Lancy, Jacques de Lancy, and Claude de Lancy. The second son, Jacques, crown prosecutor in the provost, had a son Pierre de Lancy, Lord of Niville. His son, Jacques de Lancy, was Étienne de Lancy's father.

Around 1600, the land of Raray was sold to Nicolas de Lancy, advisor to the King, war treasurer, Chamberlain of Gaston, Duke of Orléans. He built of the present castle of Raray along with the two outer buildings. In 1945, Raray Castle was the filming location for scenes from the film Beauty and the Beast by Jean Cocteau. In 1654, de Lacey was created Marquis de Néry-Raray by Louis XIV, a title which is currently held by the Marquis de la Bédoyère who married into the family.

In 1686, de Lancy was forced to flee bitter persecution by French Catholics following the October 18, 1685 revocation of the Edict of Nantes by Louis XIV, in which some two hundred thousand Huguenots left their native land. Escaping first to Rotterdam with a portion of the family jewels which his mother had given him sewn into his clothing, de Lancy sailed to England, obtaining an "Act of Denization" (naturalization) from King James II on March 3, 1686.

Life in New York

Soon afterwards, de Lancy sailed for the English Colonies in America, landing in New York City on June 6, 1686. Almost exactly one month later (July 7), he obtained additional letters of denization in New York from Governor Dongan, and on September 9, 1687, took the Oath of Allegiance to the British Crown under the Colonial Act of 1683. It was at this time that he anglicized his name, becoming Stephen Delancey. He sold his portion of the family jewels for 300 British Pounds and became a merchant.

Delancey was to become one of the most successful merchants in the colony of New York with his well-known granary, warehouse and retail store, known to all as "Delancey and Co." During Queen Anne's War, letters of marque against the French served as a cover for DeLancey to engage in trade as an interloper with Red Sea Pirates of Île Sainte-Marie. This also entailed his engagement in the trade in enslaved Malagasy people. By the 1730s, he had become such a prosperous merchant that he was able to build a large mansion on Broadway, just above Trinity Church. The mansion was eventually demolished in 1792 to build the City Hotel, and the site is now occupied by the United States Realty Building. Stephen Delancey played an active role in the life of the city, serving as an Alderman for several years, and both a member of the New York Provincial Assembly and the Governor's Council. He is also credited with having presented as gifts to the city its first Town Clock and its first Fire Engine.

Stephen Delancey and his wife, Anne van Cortlandt
Delancey's home at 54 Pearl Street

On January 23, 1700, Delancey married Anne van Cortlandt (1676-1724), third child of Gertrude Schuyler (b. 1654) and Stephanus van Cortlandt (1643–1700), the Chief Justice of the Province of New York. They had ten children, only five of whom survived infancy, all of whom married and had issue. They were:

In the summer of 1700, Delancey began construction of a house at 54 Pearl Street in New York City, on land given to his wife by her father as a wedding gift to the young couple. In 1762, the house was sold at auction by Stephen's heirs to Samuel Fraunces, who converted it into the Queen Charlotte Tavern. The house still stands today, and is known as Fraunces Tavern.

At the time of his death on November 18, 1741, de Lancey left an estate valued in excess of £100,000 British Pounds (approximately $18,000,000 in US dollars today).

Descendants

Through his eldest surviving son James, he was the grandfather of James De Lancey (1732–1800), a colonial politician and turfman, and Anna De Lancey (1746–1817), who married a Recorder of New York City, Thomas Jones.

Through his son Peter, he was the grandfather of Susan DeLancey (1754–1837), who married Thomas Henry Barclay, a lawyer who became one of the United Empire Loyalists in Nova Scotia and served in the colony's government. His other granddaughter Jane (1750-1809) married John Watts, her first cousin. The sisters married in a double-wedding ceremony.

Through his son Oliver, he was the grandfather of Stephen Delancey (1748–1798), who served as Chief Justice of the Bahamas and Governor of Tobago and was the progenitor of the Bahamian branch of the De Lancy family; Oliver De Lancey (c. 1749–1822), a British Army officer who served as a Member of Parliament for Maidstone from 1796 to 1802; and Susanna De Lancey who married Sir William Draper, a British military officer who conquered Manila in 1762.

Through his daughter Anne, he was the grandfather of John Watts (1749–1836), a lawyer and politician from New York City who represented New York in the U.S. House of Representatives.

  1. Kenneth T. Jackson: The Encyclopedia of New York City: The New York Historical Society; Yale University Press; 1995. P. 324.
  2. http://charlesfevre.perso.sfr.fr/genealogie/page_nery.htm
  3. The 4th Viscount's second son was Christophe de Lancy, Lord of Raray.
  4. "L'Histoire de Raray". www.raray.fr. Mairie de Raray. Retrieved15 September 2016.
  5. Wilson, J. G.; Fiske, J., eds. (1900)."De Lancey, Étienne" . Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.
  6. Platt, Virginia Bever (1969). "The East India Company and the Madagascar Slave Trade". The William and Mary Quarterly. 26 (4): 548–577. doi:10.2307/1917131. ISSN 0043-5597. JSTOR 1917131.
  7. Archaeological Documentary Study Thames Street Pedestrian Plaza Thames Street between Broadway and Trinity Place, p. iii. Prepared by Historical Perspectives, Inc., June 2017.
  8. Gwyn, J. (1974). The enterprising admiral: The personal fortune of Admiral Sir Peter Warren. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press.
  9. Tulloch, Judith (1987). "Barclay, Thomas Henry". In Halpenny, Francess G (ed.). Dictionary of Canadian Biography. VI (1821–1835) (online ed.). University of Toronto Press.
  10. "Marriages and Deaths of Remarkable Persons". The Gentleman's Magazine. 85: 165. 1799. Retrieved5 June 2017.
  11. De Lancey, Magdalene (1815). A Week at Waterloo in 1815: Lady De Lancey's Narrative: Being an Account of How She Nursed Her Husband, Colonel Sir William Howe De Lancey (Major B. R. Ward ed.). Albemarle Street, Mayfair, London, England: John Murray. p. 9.
  12. Stephens, H. M.; Bickham, Troy O. (January 2008) [2004]."Lancey, Oliver De (c. 1749–1822)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/7436.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  13. Pitt's 'Gallant Conqueror': The Turbulent Life of Lieutenant-General Sir William Draper, James Dreaper, 2006, ISBN 1-84511-177-X
  14. Stevens, Walter Barlow (1921). Centennial History of Missouri, Vol. 2, 1921. Chicago : S.J. Clarke Pub. Co. p. 76.
  • D.A. Story, The de Lancey's: Romance of a Great Family, Toronto: Nelson & Sons, 1931.
  • George Lockhart Rives: Genealogical Notes (New York: Knickerbocker, 1914).

Stephen Delancey
Stephen Delancey Language Watch Edit For descendants with the same name see Stephen Delancey disambiguation Stephen Delancey French Etienne de Lancy October 24 1663 November 18 1741 was a major figure in the life of colonial New York His children continued to wield great influence until the American Revolution Stephen DelanceyBornEtienne de Lancy 1663 10 24 October 24 1663 Caen FranceDiedNovember 18 1741 1741 11 18 aged 78 New York City Province of New York British AmericaSpouse s Anne van Cortlandt m 1700 died 1724 wbr Children10 including James OliverRelativesOliver De Lancey son James De Lancey grandson Stephen Delancey grandson Oliver De Lancey grandson John Watts grandson Peter Warren son in law Contents 1 Early life 1 1 Ancestors 2 Fleeing from France 2 1 Life in New York 3 Family 3 1 Descendants 4 Footnotes 5 ReferencesEarly life EditStephen DeLancy was born in Caen France on October 24 1663 1 as Etienne de Lancy the only son of Jacques de Lancy Esq and Marguerite Bertrand His great grandfather was Jacques de Lancy a crown prosecutor and his 2x great grandfather was Charles de Lancy 5th Viscount of Laval and Nouvion Ancestors Edit Coat of arms of the House of de Lancy The castle of Raray in Picardy The de Lancy family were minor French nobility fr la noblesse francaise and despite being of the Huguenot faith served the French Crown as administrators and bureaucrats for over two hundred years Dating back to the early 15th century successive generations of the de Lancy family or de Lanci in older texts held the titles of Viscount of Laval and of Nouvion Baron of Raray Lord of Nery and of Faverolles Verines Ribecourt and Haramont Vicomte de Laval et de Nouvion Baron de Raray et Seigneur de Nery et de Faverolles Verines 2 Ribecourt et Haramont The family coat of arms is blazoned Or an Eagle Sable displayed beaked and membered Gules overall an escutcheon Azure in pale three spears erect Or Armes d or a l aigle de sable becque et membre de gueules charge en coeur d un ecusson d azur surcharge de trois lances d or posees en pal Jacques De Lancy was descended from Guy de Lancy d 1436 the 1st Viscount of Laval and of Nouvion which was created in 1432 during the reign of Henry VI Guy was succeeded in 1436 by his son Jean de Lancy 2nd Viscount He was succeeded by his son Jean de Lancy 3rd Viscount b 1470 who was succeeded by his son Charles de Lancy 4th Viscount in 1525 Ten years later in 1535 Charles was succeeded by Charles de Lancy 5th Viscount of Laval who was the eldest of his two sons from his second marriage to Marie de Villiers 3 On April 15 1534 Charles the 5th Viscount married Isabeau Branche daughter of Fourcy Branche Lord of Breau with whom he had three sons Charles de Lancy Jacques de Lancy and Claude de Lancy The second son Jacques crown prosecutor in the provost had a son Pierre de Lancy Lord of Niville His son Jacques de Lancy was Etienne de Lancy s father Around 1600 the land of Raray was sold to Nicolas de Lancy advisor to the King war treasurer Chamberlain of Gaston Duke of Orleans He built of the present castle of Raray along with the two outer buildings In 1945 Raray Castle was the filming location for scenes from the film Beauty and the Beast by Jean Cocteau In 1654 de Lacey was created Marquis de Nery Raray by Louis XIV a title which is currently held by the Marquis de la Bedoyere who married into the family 4 Fleeing from France EditIn 1686 de Lancy was forced to flee bitter persecution by French Catholics following the October 18 1685 revocation of the Edict of Nantes by Louis XIV in which some two hundred thousand Huguenots left their native land Escaping first to Rotterdam with a portion of the family jewels which his mother had given him 5 sewn into his clothing de Lancy sailed to England obtaining an Act of Denization naturalization from King James II on March 3 1686 Life in New York Edit Soon afterwards de Lancy sailed for the English Colonies in America landing in New York City on June 6 1686 Almost exactly one month later July 7 he obtained additional letters of denization in New York from Governor Dongan and on September 9 1687 took the Oath of Allegiance to the British Crown under the Colonial Act of 1683 It was at this time that he anglicized his name becoming Stephen Delancey He sold his portion of the family jewels for 300 British Pounds and became a merchant 5 Delancey was to become one of the most successful merchants in the colony of New York with his well known granary warehouse and retail store known to all as Delancey and Co During Queen Anne s War letters of marque against the French served as a cover for DeLancey to engage in trade as an interloper with Red Sea Pirates of Ile Sainte Marie This also entailed his engagement in the trade in enslaved Malagasy people 6 By the 1730s he had become such a prosperous merchant that he was able to build a large mansion on Broadway just above Trinity Church The mansion was eventually demolished in 1792 to build the City Hotel and the site is now occupied by the United States Realty Building 7 Stephen Delancey played an active role in the life of the city serving as an Alderman 1 for several years and both a member of the New York Provincial Assembly and the Governor s Council 1 He is also credited with having presented as gifts to the city its first Town Clock and its first Fire Engine Family Edit Stephen Delancey and his wife Anne van Cortlandt Delancey s home at 54 Pearl Street On January 23 1700 Delancey married Anne van Cortlandt 1676 1724 third child of Gertrude Schuyler b 1654 and Stephanus van Cortlandt 1643 1700 the Chief Justice of the Province of New York They had ten children only five of whom survived infancy all of whom married and had issue They were James DeLancey 1703 1760 who married Anne Heathcote the daughter of Caleb Heathcote and who became Chief Justice of the Supreme Court for the Province of New York in addition to serving as Lt Gov of New York Peter DeLancey 1705 1770 who married Elizabeth Colden and became a merchant in what is now the Bronx and served in the New York Provincial Assembly for many years Susannah DeLancey 1707 1771 who married Admiral Sir Peter Warren 1703 1752 who was an MP for Westminster 8 Oliver DeLancey 1718 1785 who married Phila Franks and who also became a merchant serving as a Brigadier General in the British Army during the American Revolution Anne DeLancey 1723 1784 who married John Watts 1715 1789 a prominent businessman of the day In the summer of 1700 Delancey began construction of a house at 54 Pearl Street in New York City on land given to his wife by her father as a wedding gift to the young couple In 1762 the house was sold at auction by Stephen s heirs to Samuel Fraunces who converted it into the Queen Charlotte Tavern The house still stands today and is known as Fraunces Tavern At the time of his death on November 18 1741 de Lancey left an estate valued in excess of 100 000 British Pounds approximately 18 000 000 in US dollars today Descendants Edit Through his eldest surviving son James he was the grandfather of James De Lancey 1732 1800 a colonial politician and turfman and Anna De Lancey 1746 1817 who married a Recorder of New York City Thomas Jones Through his son Peter he was the grandfather of Susan DeLancey 1754 1837 who married Thomas Henry Barclay a lawyer who became one of the United Empire Loyalists in Nova Scotia and served in the colony s government His other granddaughter Jane 1750 1809 married John Watts her first cousin The sisters married in a double wedding ceremony 9 Through his son Oliver he was the grandfather of Stephen Delancey 1748 1798 who served as Chief Justice of the Bahamas and Governor of Tobago and was the progenitor of the Bahamian branch of the De Lancy family 1 10 11 Oliver De Lancey c 1749 1822 a British Army officer who served as a Member of Parliament for Maidstone from 1796 to 1802 12 and Susanna De Lancey who married Sir William Draper a British military officer who conquered Manila in 1762 13 Through his daughter Anne he was the grandfather of John Watts 1749 1836 a lawyer and politician from New York City who represented New York in the U S House of Representatives 14 Footnotes Edit a b c d Kenneth T Jackson The Encyclopedia of New York City The New York Historical Society Yale University Press 1995 P 324 http charlesfevre perso sfr fr genealogie page nery htm The 4th Viscount s second son was Christophe de Lancy Lord of Raray L Histoire de Raray www raray fr Mairie de Raray Retrieved 15 September 2016 a b Wilson J G Fiske J eds 1900 De Lancey Etienne Appletons Cyclopaedia of American Biography New York D Appleton Platt Virginia Bever 1969 The East India Company and the Madagascar Slave Trade The William and Mary Quarterly 26 4 548 577 doi 10 2307 1917131 ISSN 0043 5597 JSTOR 1917131 Archaeological Documentary Study Thames Street Pedestrian Plaza Thames Street between Broadway and Trinity Place p iii Prepared by Historical Perspectives Inc June 2017 Gwyn J 1974 The enterprising admiral The personal fortune of Admiral Sir Peter Warren Montreal McGill Queen s University Press Tulloch Judith 1987 Barclay Thomas Henry In Halpenny Francess G ed Dictionary of Canadian Biography VI 1821 1835 online ed University of Toronto Press Marriages and Deaths of Remarkable Persons The Gentleman s Magazine 85 165 1799 Retrieved 5 June 2017 De Lancey Magdalene 1815 A Week at Waterloo in 1815 Lady De Lancey s Narrative Being an Account of How She Nursed Her Husband Colonel Sir William Howe De Lancey Major B R Ward ed Albemarle Street Mayfair London England John Murray p 9 Stephens H M Bickham Troy O January 2008 2004 Lancey Oliver De c 1749 1822 Oxford Dictionary of National Biography online ed Oxford University Press doi 10 1093 ref odnb 7436 Subscription or UK public library membership required Pitt s Gallant Conqueror The Turbulent Life of Lieutenant General Sir William Draper James Dreaper 2006 ISBN 1 84511 177 X Stevens Walter Barlow 1921 Centennial History of Missouri Vol 2 1921 Chicago S J Clarke Pub Co p 76 References EditD A Story The de Lancey s Romance of a Great Family Toronto Nelson amp Sons 1931 George Lockhart Rives Genealogical Notes New York Knickerbocker 1914 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Stephen Delancey amp oldid 1038164170, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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