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Stephen Hayes (Irish republican)

For other people named Stephen Hayes, see Stephen Hayes (disambiguation).

Stephen Hayes (26 December 1902 – 28 December 1974) was a member and leader of the Irish Republican Army from April 1939 to June 1941.

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He was born in Enniscorthy, County Wexford. During the Irish War of Independence, he was commandant of the Wexford Brigade of Fianna Éireann. He took the Anti-Treaty side during the Irish Civil War, during which he was interned.

Hayes was active in Gaelic Athletic Association circles in Wexford. In 1925, he helped Wexford win the Leinster Senior Football title. He also served as secretary to the county board for ten years, from the 1920s to 1930s.

Hayes joined the IRA and was on the IRA Army Council in January 1939 when it declared war on the British government.

When IRA chief of staff Seán Russell departed on IRA business to the United States (and subsequently to Nazi Germany), Hayes became IRA chief of staff. His time in office was marred by controversy and it is widely believed that he served as an informer to the Garda Síochána.[citation needed]

Hayes had sent a plan for the invasion of Northern Ireland by German troops to Germany in April 1940. This plan later became known as Plan Kathleen. He is also known to have met with German agent Hermann Görtz on 21 May 1940 in Dublin shortly after the latter's parachuting into Ireland on 5 May 1940 as part of Operation Mainau. Hayes is known to have asked Görtz for money and arms to wage a campaign in Northern Ireland, although shortly after this meeting the original Plan Kathleen was discovered. The discovery of the plan led to the acceleration of joint British and Irish military planning for a German invasion known as Plan W.[citation needed]

Another meeting on 15 August 1940 on Rathgar Road, Dublin organised by Hayes and attended by senior IRA men Paddy McGrath, Tom Harte and Tom Hunt, was also raided by the Garda Síochána.

McGrath and Harte were both arrested and tried by Military Tribunal, established under the Emergency Powers Act 1939. They challenged the legislation in the High Court, seeking a writ of habeas corpus, and ultimately appealed to the Supreme Court. They were represented in the courts by Seán MacBride. The appeal was unsuccessful, and they were executed by firing squad at Dublin's Mountjoy Prison on 6 September 1940. Irish Executions

On 30 June 1941, Northern-based IRA men kidnapped Hayes, accusing him of being a spy. By his own account, he was tortured and "court-martialled" for "treason" by his comrades, and would have been executed, but he bought himself time composing an enormously long confession. He managed to escape on September 8, 1941, and handed himself in to the Garda for protection.

The Officer Commanding (O/C) of the IRA's Northern Command, Seán McCaughey, was convicted on 18 September 1941 of the kidnapping. After a long hunger and thirst strike in Portlaoise prison, McCaughey died on 11 May 1946.

Hayes was later sentenced to five years' imprisonment by the Special Criminal Court on account of his IRA activities.

Within IRA circles, Hayes is still considered a traitor and an informer. One of the main allegations against him was that he informed the Garda Síochána about IRA arms dumps in Wexford. However, this was later blamed on a Wexford man named Michael Deveraux, an officer of the Wexford Battalion of the IRA who was subsequently abducted and executed by an IRA squad in County Tipperary on Hayes’ orders. George Plant, a Protestant IRA veteran, was later executed in Portlaoise for Devereux's murder.

After his release, Hayes resumed his clerical position at Wexford County Council.

He died in Enniscorthy on 28 December 1974.

  1. "Stephen Hayes dies at 71", Irish Independent, 30 December 1974.
  2. McCaughey's Doom
  3. The IRA's all-time low
  4. Bowyer Bell, J. (1997).The Secret Army: The IRA. Transaction Publishers. p. 159. ISBN 1-56000-901-2.
  5. Coogan, Tim Pat (2002). The I.R.A. St. Martin's Griffin. p. 134. ISBN 978-0312294168.
  6. High Court and Supreme Court Re: McGrath and Harte [1941] Irish Reports 68
  7. Flynn, Barry, Pawns in the Game , The Collins Press, Cork, 2011, pg 109 ISBN 9781848891166
  8. http://hungerstrikes.org/forgotten_strikes.html accessed June 22, 2021

Stephen Hayes (Irish republican)
Stephen Hayes Irish republican Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Stephen Hayes Irish Republican For other people named Stephen Hayes see Stephen Hayes disambiguation Stephen Hayes 26 December 1902 28 December 1974 was a member and leader of the Irish Republican Army from April 1939 to June 1941 Contents 1 Early life 2 IRA activities 3 Later life 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksEarly life EditHe was born in Enniscorthy County Wexford 1 During the Irish War of Independence he was commandant of the Wexford Brigade of Fianna Eireann He took the Anti Treaty side during the Irish Civil War during which he was interned 1 Hayes was active in Gaelic Athletic Association circles in Wexford In 1925 he helped Wexford win the Leinster Senior Football title He also served as secretary to the county board for ten years from the 1920s to 1930s 1 IRA activities EditHayes joined the IRA and was on the IRA Army Council in January 1939 when it declared war on the British government 2 3 When IRA chief of staff Sean Russell departed on IRA business to the United States and subsequently to Nazi Germany Hayes became IRA chief of staff 4 5 His time in office was marred by controversy and it is widely believed that he served as an informer to the Garda Siochana citation needed Hayes had sent a plan for the invasion of Northern Ireland by German troops to Germany in April 1940 This plan later became known as Plan Kathleen He is also known to have met with German agent Hermann Gortz on 21 May 1940 in Dublin shortly after the latter s parachuting into Ireland on 5 May 1940 as part of Operation Mainau Hayes is known to have asked Gortz for money and arms to wage a campaign in Northern Ireland although shortly after this meeting the original Plan Kathleen was discovered The discovery of the plan led to the acceleration of joint British and Irish military planning for a German invasion known as Plan W citation needed Another meeting on 15 August 1940 on Rathgar Road Dublin organised by Hayes and attended by senior IRA men Paddy McGrath Tom Harte and Tom Hunt was also raided by the Garda Siochana McGrath and Harte were both arrested and tried by Military Tribunal established under the Emergency Powers Act 1939 They challenged the legislation in the High Court seeking a writ of habeas corpus and ultimately appealed to the Supreme Court They were represented in the courts by Sean MacBride The appeal was unsuccessful and they were executed by firing squad at Dublin s Mountjoy Prison on 6 September 1940 6 Irish Executions On 30 June 1941 Northern based IRA men kidnapped Hayes accusing him of being a spy By his own account he was tortured and court martialled for treason by his comrades and would have been executed but he bought himself time composing an enormously long confession He managed to escape on September 8 1941 and handed himself in to the Garda for protection 7 The Officer Commanding O C of the IRA s Northern Command Sean McCaughey was convicted on 18 September 1941 of the kidnapping After a long hunger and thirst strike in Portlaoise prison McCaughey died on 11 May 1946 8 Hayes was later sentenced to five years imprisonment by the Special Criminal Court on account of his IRA activities 1 Within IRA circles Hayes is still considered a traitor and an informer One of the main allegations against him was that he informed the Garda Siochana about IRA arms dumps in Wexford However this was later blamed on a Wexford man named Michael Deveraux an officer of the Wexford Battalion of the IRA who was subsequently abducted and executed by an IRA squad in County Tipperary on Hayes orders George Plant a Protestant IRA veteran was later executed in Portlaoise for Devereux s murder Later life EditAfter his release Hayes resumed his clerical position at Wexford County Council He died in Enniscorthy on 28 December 1974 See also EditIRA Abwehr World War II Main article on IRA Abwehr linksReferences Edit a b c d Stephen Hayes dies at 71 Irish Independent 30 December 1974 McCaughey s Doom The IRA s all time low Bowyer Bell J 1997 The Secret Army The IRA Transaction Publishers p 159 ISBN 1 56000 901 2 Coogan Tim Pat 2002 The I R A St Martin s Griffin p 134 ISBN 978 0312294168 High Court and Supreme Court Re McGrath and Harte 1941 Irish Reports 68 Flynn Barry Pawns in the Game The Collins Press Cork 2011 pg 109 ISBN 9781848891166 http hungerstrikes org forgotten strikes html accessed June 22 2021External links EditTime Magazine article on the abduction of Stephen Hayes Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Stephen Hayes Irish republican amp oldid 1034254543, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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