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Stereotypes of white Americans

Stereotypes of white people in the United States are generalizations about the character, behavior, or appearance of white Americans by other Americans in the United States. For stereotypes about Americans by people of other nationalities, see Stereotypes of Americans.

Contents

Social stereotypes

In general, stereotypes of white people portray upper class white Americans as WASPs and they portray lower class white Americans as "backward", "barely-educated" rednecks TV Tropes defines the WASP stereotype as: "affluent, generic, bland personalities, usually with a little bit of stuffiness inherited from their British ancestors and a preoccupation with keeping up appearances." Rednecks, conversely are seen as "racist, hot-headed, too physical, violent, uncouth, loud, mean, undereducated—and proud of it."

Academic Studies

An early study of stereotypes of white people found in works of fiction which were written by African-American authors was conducted by African-American sociologist Tilman C. Cothran in 1950. The top five stereotypical qualities of whites that Cothran noted in his research were:

  1. feels superior
  2. hates Negroes
  3. brutish, impulsive, mean
  4. proud
  5. doesn't like Jews.

Other stereotypical qualities he listed were "think they know the Negro," "unfair deceitful, tricky," "think it's a white man's world" and "cowardly." In another study on stereotypes in 1951, Tilman observed that the Black lower and upper classes at that time had the least favorable stereotypes about white people, and the Black middle class the most favorable.

In a 1972 study, American whites were stereotyped as "materialistic and pleasure loving" when compared with Asian and African Americans. In a study among college students of different races in 1982, White Americans were described as materialistic, ambitious, intelligent, conventional, industrious, and conservative. The study's author noted that the white stereotype had decreased in favorability over the years while the black stereotype had increased.

White women were described as attractive, blonde, ditsy, shallow, privileged, sexually available, and appearance-focused by non-white participants in a 2013 study. The author of the paper also found that the stereotypes were consistent with media images of white women and noted the relative scarcity of research on white American stereotypes compared to research on other racial stereotypes.

In a 2019 study of children of different races, six year olds chose photos of white men as being "really smart" over photos of white women or black and brown people.

Popular culture

Becky and Karen have been used as terms to refer to white women who act in a clueless, condescending or entitled way. Kyle refers to a stereotype of an angry white teenage boy who consumes energy drinks, punches holes into drywall, and plays video games.

The blog Stuff White People Like, written by a white man and an Asian man, addressed early 21st century stereotypes of white hipster bohemians in a humorous way. Comedian Dave Chappelle also used humor to address the stereotype that white Americans can't dance in a sketch in which groups of whites erupt into frenzied dancing every time they hear an electric guitar.

Negative portrayals of specific groups of white people

As the social definition of "white people" has changed over the years, studies have shown that members of different races, ethnicities, and nationalities have different stereotypes of white people. Before the 1980s, ethnic groups such as the Irish, Italians, Armenians, and Polish people were portrayed in popular media and culture in a negative fashion. Stereotypes of West Virginians and Alabamians include incest and inbreeding. Poor whites in the Appalachian region have often been stereotyped as Hillbillies. White Hispanic and Latino Americans are often overlooked by the U.S. mass media and frequently, American social perceptions incorrectly give the terms "Hispanic or Latino" a racial value, usually mixed-race, such as Mestizo, while they, in turn, are overrepresented in the U.S. Hispanic mass media, are admired by it, and shape social perceptions of Hispanic and Latino Americans.

  1. Deggans, Eric (May 1, 2013). "On 'Hicksploitation' And Other White Stereotypes Seen On TV". NPR. RetrievedJune 25, 2013.
  2. "White Anglo Saxon Protestant". tvtropes.org. TV Tropes. RetrievedMay 4, 2021.
  3. "Redneck Stereotype". Facinghistory.org. RetrievedMay 24, 2021.
  4. Cothran, Tilman (1950). "White Stereotypes in Fiction by Negroes". Phylon. 11 (3): 252–256. doi:10.2307/272012. JSTOR 272012. RetrievedMay 24, 2021.
  5. Cothran, Tilman C. (March 1951). "Negro Conceptions of White People". American Journal of Sociology. 56 (5): 458–467. doi:10.1086/220791. S2CID 144012717. RetrievedMay 24, 2021.
  6. Makovitch, MInako Kurukawa (March 5, 1972). "Reciprocity in Racial Stereotypes: White, Black and Yellow". American Journal of Sociology. 77 (5): 876–897. doi:10.1086/225229. JSTOR 2776927. S2CID 143996344. RetrievedMay 21, 2021.
  7. Clark and Pearson (1982). "Racial Stereotypes Revisited". International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 6 (4): 381–393. doi:10.1016/0147-1767(82)90020-7. RetrievedMay 21, 2021.
  8. Conley, Terri D. (2013). "Beautiful, Self-absorbed and Shallow: People of Color Perceive White Women as An Ethnically Marked Category"(PDF). Journal of Applied Psychology (43): 45–56. RetrievedMay 21, 2021.
  9. Khan, Amina (October 23, 2018). "By Age 6, Kids Tend To See White Men As More Brilliant Than White Women". Los Angeles Times. RetrievedMay 21, 2021.
  10. Young, Damon (27 April 2016). "Where 'Becky' Comes From, And Why It's Not Racist, Explained". The Root.
  11. "How 'Kyle' became synonymous with angry, Monster Energy-chugging white boys". Daily Dot. 2019-07-18. Retrieved2020-05-16.
  12. Lisa Respers France (2009-01-29). "Finding humor in 'Stuff White People Like'". CNN.
  13. Chapelle, Dave (22 August 2017). "Dave Chappelle, White People Can't Dance". Critical Media Project. RetrievedMay 21, 2021.
  14. Fernandez, R. America Beyond black and white: How Immigrants and Fusions are Helping Us Overcome the Racial Divide. University of Michigan Press. p. 174.
  15. Han, A. and Hsu, J.Y. (2004) Asian American X: An Intersection of 21st Century Asian American Voices. University of Michigan Press. p. 208.
  16. Leo W. Jeffres, K. Kyoon Hur (1979) " white Ethnics and their Media Images", Journal of Communication 29 (1), 116–122.
  17. Lapidos, Juliet (3 June 2008). "How Did West Virginia get a reputation for inbreeding?". Slate.
  18. "Rural White Stereotyping". Encyclopedia.com. RetrievedMay 24, 2021.
  19. Richard Rodriguez. "A CULTURAL IDENTITY".
  20. "Hispanics: A Culture, Not a Race". campello.tripod.com.
  21. Newsweek Staff (June 18, 2003). "Y Tu Black Mama Tambien". Newsweek.
  22. The Blond, Blue-Eyed Face of Spanish TV[dead link]
  23. "Blonde, Blue-Eyed Euro-Cute Latinos on Spanish TV".
  24. "What are Telenovelas? - Hispanic Culture".
  25. "RACIAL BIAS CHARGED ON SPANISH-LANGUAGE TV". Sun-Sentinel.
  26. "Pride or prejudice?". Boston.com.

Stereotypes of white Americans
Stereotypes of white Americans Language Watch Edit Stereotypes of white people in the United States are generalizations about the character behavior or appearance of white Americans by other Americans in the United States For stereotypes about Americans by people of other nationalities see Stereotypes of Americans Contents 1 Stereotype 1 1 Social stereotypes 1 1 1 Academic Studies 1 1 2 Popular culture 1 2 Negative portrayals of specific groups of white people 2 See also 3 ReferencesStereotype EditSocial stereotypes Edit In general stereotypes of white people portray upper class white Americans as WASPs and they portray lower class white Americans as backward barely educated rednecks 1 TV Tropes defines the WASP stereotype as affluent generic bland personalities usually with a little bit of stuffiness inherited from their British ancestors and a preoccupation with keeping up appearances 2 Rednecks conversely are seen as racist hot headed too physical violent uncouth loud mean undereducated and proud of it 3 Academic Studies Edit An early study of stereotypes of white people found in works of fiction which were written by African American authors was conducted by African American sociologist Tilman C Cothran in 1950 The top five stereotypical qualities of whites that Cothran noted in his research were feels superior hates Negroes brutish impulsive mean proud doesn t like Jews Other stereotypical qualities he listed were think they know the Negro unfair deceitful tricky think it s a white man s world and cowardly 4 In another study on stereotypes in 1951 Tilman observed that the Black lower and upper classes at that time had the least favorable stereotypes about white people and the Black middle class the most favorable 5 In a 1972 study American whites were stereotyped as materialistic and pleasure loving when compared with Asian and African Americans 6 In a study among college students of different races in 1982 White Americans were described as materialistic ambitious intelligent conventional industrious and conservative The study s author noted that the white stereotype had decreased in favorability over the years while the black stereotype had increased 7 White women were described as attractive blonde ditsy shallow privileged sexually available and appearance focused by non white participants in a 2013 study The author of the paper also found that the stereotypes were consistent with media images of white women and noted the relative scarcity of research on white American stereotypes compared to research on other racial stereotypes 8 In a 2019 study of children of different races six year olds chose photos of white men as being really smart over photos of white women or black and brown people 9 Popular culture Edit Becky and Karen have been used as terms to refer to white women who act in a clueless condescending or entitled way 10 Kyle refers to a stereotype of an angry white teenage boy who consumes energy drinks punches holes into drywall and plays video games 11 The blog Stuff White People Like written by a white man and an Asian man addressed early 21st century stereotypes of white hipster bohemians in a humorous way 12 Comedian Dave Chappelle also used humor to address the stereotype that white Americans can t dance in a sketch in which groups of whites erupt into frenzied dancing every time they hear an electric guitar 13 Negative portrayals of specific groups of white people Edit As the social definition of white people has changed over the years studies have shown that members of different races ethnicities and nationalities have different stereotypes of white people 14 15 Before the 1980s ethnic groups such as the Irish Italians Armenians and Polish people were portrayed in popular media and culture in a negative fashion 16 Stereotypes of West Virginians and Alabamians include incest and inbreeding 17 Poor whites in the Appalachian region have often been stereotyped as Hillbillies 18 White Hispanic and Latino Americans are often overlooked by the U S mass media and frequently American social perceptions incorrectly give the terms Hispanic or Latino a racial value usually mixed race such as Mestizo 19 20 while they in turn are overrepresented in the U S Hispanic mass media are admired by it and shape social perceptions of Hispanic and Latino Americans 21 22 23 24 25 26 See also EditActing white Angry white male Anti Americanism Becky Buckra Cave dweller Crackers Hillbilly Karen List of terms for white people in non Western cultures Neanderthals Stereotype Stuff White People Like US stereotypes White fragility White guilt White nationalism White privilege White supremacy White trash Whites WiggerReferences Edit Deggans Eric May 1 2013 On Hicksploitation And Other White Stereotypes Seen On TV NPR Retrieved June 25 2013 White Anglo Saxon Protestant tvtropes org TV Tropes Retrieved May 4 2021 Redneck Stereotype Facinghistory org Retrieved May 24 2021 Cothran Tilman 1950 White Stereotypes in Fiction by Negroes Phylon 11 3 252 256 doi 10 2307 272012 JSTOR 272012 Retrieved May 24 2021 Cothran Tilman C March 1951 Negro Conceptions of White People American Journal of Sociology 56 5 458 467 doi 10 1086 220791 S2CID 144012717 Retrieved May 24 2021 Makovitch MInako Kurukawa March 5 1972 Reciprocity in Racial Stereotypes White Black and Yellow American Journal of Sociology 77 5 876 897 doi 10 1086 225229 JSTOR 2776927 S2CID 143996344 Retrieved May 21 2021 Clark and Pearson 1982 Racial Stereotypes Revisited International Journal of Intercultural Relations 6 4 381 393 doi 10 1016 0147 1767 82 90020 7 Retrieved May 21 2021 Conley Terri D 2013 Beautiful Self absorbed and Shallow People of Color Perceive White Women as An Ethnically Marked Category PDF Journal of Applied Psychology 43 45 56 Retrieved May 21 2021 Khan Amina October 23 2018 By Age 6 Kids Tend To See White Men As More Brilliant Than White Women Los Angeles Times Retrieved May 21 2021 Young Damon 27 April 2016 Where Becky Comes From And Why It s Not Racist Explained The Root How Kyle became synonymous with angry Monster Energy chugging white boys Daily Dot 2019 07 18 Retrieved 2020 05 16 Lisa Respers France 2009 01 29 Finding humor in Stuff White People Like CNN Chapelle Dave 22 August 2017 Dave Chappelle White People Can t Dance Critical Media Project Retrieved May 21 2021 Fernandez R America Beyond black and white How Immigrants and Fusions are Helping Us Overcome the Racial Divide University of Michigan Press p 174 Han A and Hsu J Y 2004 Asian American X An Intersection of 21st Century Asian American Voices University of Michigan Press p 208 Leo W Jeffres K Kyoon Hur 1979 white Ethnics and their Media Images Journal of Communication 29 1 116 122 Lapidos Juliet 3 June 2008 How Did West Virginia get a reputation for inbreeding Slate Rural White Stereotyping Encyclopedia com Retrieved May 24 2021 Richard Rodriguez A CULTURAL IDENTITY Hispanics A Culture Not a Race campello tripod com Newsweek Staff June 18 2003 Y Tu Black Mama Tambien Newsweek The Blond Blue Eyed Face of Spanish TV dead link Blonde Blue Eyed Euro Cute Latinos on Spanish TV What are Telenovelas Hispanic Culture RACIAL BIAS CHARGED ON SPANISH LANGUAGE TV Sun Sentinel Pride or prejudice Boston com Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Stereotypes of white Americans amp oldid 1051880125, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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