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Sterlitamak

Sterlitamak (Russian:Стерлитама́к, IPA: ; Bashkir:Стәрлетамаҡ, romanized: Stärletamaq; Bashkir pronunciation: (help·)) is the second largest city in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia, located on the left bank of the Belaya River (Kama's tributary), 121 kilometers (75 mi) from Ufa. The city's name comes from the Bashkir language and literally means "mouth of the Sterlya river". The population is273,486 (2010 Census).

Sterlitamak
Стерлитамак
Other transcription(s)
• BashkirСтәрлетамаҡ
View of Sterlitamak
Flag
Coat of arms
Location of Sterlitamak
Sterlitamak
Location of Sterlitamak
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Sterlitamak
Sterlitamak (Bashkortostan)
Show map of Bashkortostan
Coordinates:53°38′N55°57′E /53.633°N 55.950°E /53.633; 55.950Coordinates: 53°38′N55°57′E /53.633°N 55.950°E /53.633; 55.950
CountryRussia
Federal subjectBashkortostan
Founded1735
City status since1781
Government
• BodyCouncil
• HeadVladimir Kulikov (since 2016)
Elevation
150 m (490 ft)
Population
• Total273,486
• Estimate
(2018)
279,626 (+2.2%)
• Rank66th in 2010
Subordinated tocity of republic significance of Sterlitamak
Capital ofcity of republic significance of Sterlitamak, Sterlitamaksky District
Urban okrugSterlitamak Urban Okrug
Capital ofSterlitamak Urban Okrug, Sterlitamaksky Municipal District
Time zoneUTC+5 (MSK+2 )
Postal code(s)
453100
Dialing code(s)+7 3473
OKTMO ID80745000001
Websitesterlitamakadm.ru

Contents

Sterlitamak is located just south of the geographical center of the Republic of Bashkortostan, 121 kilometers (75 mi) from Ufa. Approximately 50 kilometers (31 mi) to the east of the city are the Ural Mountains; to the west the East European Plain begins. In the vicinity of Sterlitamak (inside the Belaya basin) are the Shikhan Mountains (Yurak Tau, Kush Tau, Shakh Tau, and Tra Tau), which are unique geological formations. In the area of Mount Kush Tau, there are children summer camps and "Shikhany" sanatorium; there is also a ski base on the slope of the mountain.

Originally the town was built in the area between the Ashkadar and Sterlya Rivers. This area is now considered the historical center and is known as the "Old Town". Subsequently, Sterlitamak was built mainly to the west and north.

The Sterlya, which falls into the Ashkadar River to the east, flows through the central part of the city. One train bridge and four regular bridges cross the Sterlya, and another one is under construction. In the southeastern part, the Ashkadar separates Zaashkadarye Microdistrict from the main part of the city. Also, in the east Sterlitamak borders with the Belaya River, which forms the boundary between Sterlitamaksky and Ishimbaysky Districts. In the south, near the heavy machinery factory, the city is bordered by the Olkhovka River, which is also an influx of the Ashkadar.

At the beginning of the 18th century a post house ("Holes") was situated on the Ufa-Orenburg road where Sterlitamak now stands. A merchant, Savva Tetushev, by the decree of the Empress Catherine the Great, founded a marina on the river Ashkadar, which after the merger with the post office became known as the "Sterlitamak salt pier".

During Pugachev's Rebellion of 1773-1775, Sterlitamak was under the control of insurgents, and was subsequently burned. After the restoration, it became the administrative center of Sterlitamaksky Uyezd, and was subsequently granted town status in 1781.[citation needed]

The city grew rapidly during industrialization in the late 19th century. At the time, local landowners established beer brewing, vodka distilling, and leather working industries.

Prior to the abolition of serfdom, the most influential landowners of Sterlitamaksky Uyezd were the Levashovs (from the village of Levashovka, now a part of the city), the Mikhaylovs (from the village of Mikhaylovka; now Mikhaylovka Microdistrict), the Belousovs (from Belousovo, merged into the city in 2001). In the town, there were private companies and a variety of handicraft industries (leather and leather products, flour mill, the production of vodka and beer). Major employers of the city were Usmanov, Bayazitov, and Utyamyshev. After the abolition of serfdom, the city grew significantly in numbers and territory; there were large-scale production enterprises. In 1870, the building of Sterlitamak City Duma was constructed.

After the February Revolution, Sterlitamak Council nationalized banks, the telegraph, and the main industrial enterprises in the city. By the decree of the Central Executive Committee on March 23, 1919, Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (BASSR) was proclaimed, and Sterlitamak became the capital of the autonomy. Later, in 1922, the capital was moved to Ufa as the Soviet government began transforming the town into an industrial center.

Before World War II, Sterlitamak was growing rapidly, mainly due to consolidation of enterprises and the construction of new ones. In 1922, the first power plant was launched, supplying the mills and sawmills with energy. A leather sheepskin factory and sawmill were merged into one large sawmill.

In 1930, Sterlitamaksky District was created (at that time 24,000 people lived in Sterlitamak), and oil started to be extracted in 1932 on its territory. Two towns were established in the vicinity of Sterlitamak to tend to the oil fields—Ishimbay 21 kilometers (13 mi) southeast and Salavat 26 kilometers (16 mi) to the south. At the same time, the railway was laid at Sterlitamak (mainly for freight), and in 1934 the first freight train arrived. In connection with all these changes, the population of the town prior to 1939 increased by 58% and reached 37,900 people.

During the Great Patriotic War, many industries were evacuated to Sterlitamak: soda and cement factories, the "Red Proletarian" factory, Lenin Machine-Tool Plant, Moscow Shoe Factory, and Voronezh State Drama Theater.

In 1960, a telephone relay station was built in Sterlitamak.

The first trolleybus line in BASSR was put into operation in Sterlitamak in 1961. The main reason for this decision was a bad environmental situation in the 1980s. Thus, by the end of 1980, Sterlitamak had appeared in the list of the most polluted cities in the country because of the amount of harmful emissions.

Due to the sharp rise in employment capacity in the city, it was decided to extend the city further to the east, to the Belaya River, and to construct bypass roads for freight transport from the west between Sterlitamak and Salavat. By 1984, the population had reached 237,900.

Sterlitamak City Administration building

Within the framework of the administrative divisions, Sterlitamak serves as the administrative center of Sterlitamaksky District, even though it is not a part of it. As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the city of republic significance of Sterlitamak—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, the city of republic significance of Sterlitamak is incorporated as Sterlitamak Urban Okrug.

The city is linked by rail to Ufa and Orenburg. There is also a small local airport located 30 kilometers (19 mi) from the city.

Sterlitamak is a developed industrial city with complete infrastructure and good transport system.

Construction in the city is moving fast to develop new microdistricts (Yugo-Zapadny and VTS). New buildings are erected in the western quarter of the city, including Solnechny, Lazurny, and Zapadny Microdistricts.

Sterlitamak is a large center of chemical industry (Sterlitamak Petrochemical Plant, Bashkir Soda Company) and mechanical engineering (Sterlitamak Machine Tool Works).

The city has plants producing vodka (subsidiary Bashspirt) and beer (Heineken).

Russian Drama Theater

At present, there are 57 kindergartens, 35 schools, 6 high schools, 1 lyceum, 8 vocational schools, 7 colleges, SKSEiP trade school, branches Ufa State Oil Technical University, Bashkir State University, Ural State University of Physical Culture (Sterlitamakskij Physical Culture Institute), Ufa State Aviation Technical University, Modern Humanitarian Academy (WGA), Eastern Economic State University (VEGU).

During the 1970s in connection with the bad environment in the city, there were projects to make the city greener. There was even a program in which each student had to plant a tree, and according to former Mayor Spartak Akhmetov, the child who planted a tree in his childhood, will feel responsibility to the problems of pollution of his native city. As a result, by 2007 the number of traditional Russian birch trees increased by 350% and surpassed even Samara that has a million population.

In 1987, the Council of Ministers of the USSR passed a decision to improve the ecological situation in the city. Currently, there are many gardening and landscaping programs in Sterlitamak, republican and municipal budgets has allocated the necessary funds to accomplish these objectives, attracting more and more people into landscaping and improvement of the city.

Both Bashkotrostan and Sterlitamak have implemented a federal program for renovating housing and communal services. In the city it operates since 2008, but few buildings has actually been renovated with balconies, new tile roofs, with streamlined elevators, new sewers and repaired doors.

One result of landscaping and improvement programs is the title of "Golden City of Russia" received by Sterlitamak. In 2007 the city was awarded the title of "the most comfortable city in Russia," among cities with populations up to a million people. Just 15 years Sterlitamak from the list of the most polluted cities joined the list of the cleanest and greenest cities in Russia. One reason for the sharp improvement in the environment and livability was a unique strategy for the city administration on key industries — each of the seventeen largest plants were "attached" area of the city, which they must serve. Another reasons were the campaign for cleanliness in the streets, the mentality of the residents, high sense of responsibility of city utility services.

In addition to the honorary title of "Golden City of Russia", in 2009, the municipal service of park management of Sterlitamak took the first place "Crystal Wheel 2009" among the city parks of Russia and CIS countries under the nomination of "Best Amusement Park with the number of visitors from 100 thousand to 250 thousand people per year".

For more than five years, this competition is being held in Sochi, in order to identify and disseminate the best of positive experiences in different areas of park operations and high service quality standards in the field of recreation and family entertainment. Its geography is quite wide: compete park management from Moscow, Krasnodar, Almetyevsk, Sterlitamak, Mytishchi, Tyumen, as well as the cities of CIS countries. This year, the competition was supported by the Ministry of Culture of Russia and has grown to even more significant scale. In Sterlitamak the merger of all city parks into one municipal enterprise has significantly improved their logistical base, diversify the attractions and make them really popular place where the townspeople.

The city has 12 hospitals accounting for 2,700 hospital beds and 18 outpatient clinics.

After the merger of the institution, according to 2020 data, the total number of hospitals and polyclinics in the city is 10 organizations with branches attached to organizations

Of the major sports facilities in Sterlitamak currently operate 3 stadiums (a sports stadium, stadium Sodovik "stadium" Sportakademiya "), 2 swimming pools (with a length of track, 25 meters).

In the city there also are: Sterlitamak Historical Museum, Art Gallery of Bashkir State Art Museum MV Nesterova, "Theatrical Association, the Sterlitamak"(which includes: the State Russian Drama Theater, Bashkir Drama Theater, Dance Theater), Theater-studio "Benefis" City Philharmonic. There are 3 cinemas ( "Iskra", cinema "Salavat" with 2 cinema halls, a children's "Pioneer"), 5 palaces and houses of culture, the Palace of Pioneers and schoolchildren named after AP Gaidar. The city has one TV broadcast and one radio channel.

By 2007, the city acted in a professional football club "Sodovik", took part in the First Division Championship of Russia on football. Unfortunately, funding was discontinued after a change of management in Soda Company (sponsored by PFC "Sodovik"). The new management of the company has found the funding of the football club unprofitable. By early 2008, a children's football school was shut down as part of the elimination of the organization PFC "Sodovik". Around 300 boys from 8 to 18 dropped out from the football club (details at the club).

Meteorite

Near midnight on May 17, 1990, a meteorite fell into a field 20 km west of Sterlitamak and made a crater about 10 m in size and 5 m in depth with surrounding ejecta. Several fragments up to 6 kg were found in and near the crater. One year later the thumbprinted main mass of 315 kg was found when digging out the crater. The meteorite is made of iron of the octahedrite (IIIAB) type. The main mass is now in the Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography, Ufa Scientific Center, the Russian Academy of Science.

Year Population
1939 38,800
1959 111,000
1970 184,000
1989 Census 247,457
2002 Census 264,362
2008 268,300
2009 269,700
2010 Census 273,486

2015 - 278,678

2020 - 276,394

National composition according to the all-Russian census of 2010: Russians-49.5 %, Tatars-23.9 %, Bashkirs-15.8 %, Chuvash-5.3 %, Ukrainians-1.9 %, Mordvins-1.5 %

Roads

The main streets of the city include:

  • Lenina Avenue - from Ufa road to Eternal Flame
  • Khudayberdina Street - from [2] [Rajewski] tract (Bus Station) to the river Ashkadar
  • Mira Street - connects VTS microdistrict to the city center
  • Kommunisticheskaya Street, Artyoma Street, Oktyabrsky Avenue - link Yugo-Zapadny, Solnechny, and Bolnichny Microdistricts to the city center

From the west, bends around the city a bypass road, allowing transit vehicles, traveling at highway Ufa - Orenburg, bypass Sterlitamak and Salavat.

Public transport

Trolleybus

The main public transport mode in Sterlitamak is the trolleybus. The trolleybus system has 18 main and 3 supplementary routes, served by 135 trolleybuses each day. It carries more than 230,000 passengers per day, representing about 80% of public transport usage in Sterlitamak. It has become a tradition for Sterlitamak to extend trolleybus routes to serve new construction sites, and this explains the great popularity of the trolleybus in the city.

Most trolleys have been purchased from "Bashkir Trolleybus Plant".

Bus

Also in the city has a bus service. Major bus routes pass through the main streets of the city and most of them repeat trolleybus routes, but are inferior in frequency to trolleys. Bus transportation is provided by Sterlitamak Passenger Motor Transportation Enterprise (GUP Bashavtotrans). These are comfortable buses, with a lowered stance, a Bashkir brand NEFAZ.

Other types of public transport

Also, the city has shuttle buses, which exceed the bus and trolley buses in speed and maneuverability (they are substantial due to the increase of traffic jams in the city). On July 25, 2008 in the city it became forbidden to use Gazelle minibuses, a step because the engines of national Gazelles are not equipped with environmental standards Euro-3, so now there are Mercedes Sprinter, Volkswagen Transporter and Peugeot Boxer minibuses in operation. All these foreign brands are equipped with engines of Euro-3 and EURO-4, and have a high level of security. In the spring of 2009 the city administration gave permission for passengers on the "Gazelle", provided that their number does not exceed 40 units.

Intercity

Train station

Railway

The city has a station on the segment of non-electrified route "Ufa-Orenburg", but is out of demand from the passengers and is used mainly for cargo transportation. The main disadvantage of rail transport in this direction - a very low speed (the road to Ufa will take approximately 5 hours, for buses - 2,5–3 hours). This is because the main part of the road passes through the single track road.

The economic potential of cities largely determined by few major chemical and petrochemical enterprises. B 2008 they produced goods worth 37 billion 340 mln. rubles Soda company in 2008, has shipped products worth 13 billion 788 million rubles. Caustic Inc. has shipped products amounting to 10 billion 344 million rubles.

Sterlitamak Petrochemical Plant has shipped to consumers goods with total cost of 3 billion 868 million rubles. SNHZ remains Russia's only supplier of phenolic antioxidants for rubber production, continued development of the production stabilizers series Agidol. Tough times were upon JSC "Rubber", "Synthesis-Rubber" and "Vanguard".

Engineering and machine tool industries in the city are represented by: Sterlitamak Machine-tool Plant", Red Proletarian, Car-Repair Plant, Plant Stroymash, and Inmash. In addition, there are few building enterprises in the city. Sodovik the first time in the past 14 years managed to reach the volume of cement production over 1 million tons. Work construction companies, the largest one of them - JSC Trest Sterlitamakstroy. There is also developed food industry. Production Plant Stalk (alcohol-vodka production) and a brewery Shihan (until 2005) known and popular not only in the republic, but in many neighboring regions of Russia, Sterlitamakskij Bakery, celebrated in 2009, 100 years also widely known not only the country but also around the Volga region, in the city there are also two large dairy factories, more four sausage factories.

The industrial enterprises in 2008 have shipped to consumers more than 51,6 billion rubles worth of produce.

  1. Resolution #391
  2. Council′s official website
  3. [1]
  4. The decision on the appointment of the head of administration
  5. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  6. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. RetrievedJanuary 23, 2019.
  7. Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 80 249», в ред. изменения №278/2015 от 1 января 2016 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division (OKATO). Code 80 249, as amended by the Amendment #278/2015 of January 1, 2016. ).
  8. Law #162-z
  9. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. RetrievedJanuary 19, 2019.
  10. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search)(in Russian)
  11. Bobrov, Aleksandr (2009). Золотой берёзовый листок. Sovetskaya Rossiya Archived September 24, 2015, at the Wayback Machine(in Russian)
  12. "Медицинские учреждения - Единый медицинский портал". doctor.bashkortostan.ru. RetrievedNovember 11, 2020.
  13. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  14. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  15. "Стерлитамак". rtvi.com (in Russian). RetrievedNovember 11, 2020.

Sources

  • Правительство Республики Башкортостан. Постановление №391 от 29 декабря 2006 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц и населённых пунктов Республики Башкортостан», в ред. Постановления №61 от 26 февраля 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в реестр административно-территориальных единиц и населённых пунктов Республики Башкортостан». Опубликован: "Ведомости Государственного Собрания – Курултая, Президента и Правительства Республики Башкортостан", №5 (251), ст. 239, 12 марта 2007 г. (Government of the Republic of Bashkortostan. Resolution #391 of December 29, 2006 On Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Entities and Inhabited Localities of the Republic of Bashkortostan, as amended by the Resolution #61 of February 26, 2013 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Entities and Inhabited Localities of the Republic of Bashkortostan. ).
  • Государственное Собрание —Курултай Республики Башкортостан. Закон №162-з от 17 декабря 2004 г. «О границах, статусе и административных центрах муниципальных образований в Республике Башкортостан», в ред. Закона №572-з от 17 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 2 Закона Республики Башкортостан "О границах, статусе и административных центрах муниципальных образований в Республике Башкортостан"». Вступил в силу в соответствии со статьёй 33. Опубликован: "Республика Башкортостан", №52 (25785), 22 марта 2005 г. (State Assembly of Bashkortostan—El Kurultai. Law #162-z of December 17, 2004 On the Borders, Status, and Administrative Centers of the Municipal Formations in the Republic of Bashkortostan, as amended by the Law #572-z of July 17, 2012 On Amending Article 2 of the Law of the Republic of Bashkortostan "On the Borders, Status, and Administrative Centers of the Municipal Formations in the Republic of Bashkortostan". Effective as of the date established in accordance with the provisions of Article 33.).

Sterlitamak
Sterlitamak Language Watch Edit Sterlitamak Russian Sterlitama k IPA stʲɪrlʲɪtɐˈmak Bashkir Stәrletamaҡ romanized Starletamaq Bashkir pronunciation staer ˌlɪ tɑ ˈmɑq pronunciation help info is the second largest city in the Republic of Bashkortostan Russia located on the left bank of the Belaya River Kama s tributary 121 kilometers 75 mi from Ufa The city s name comes from the Bashkir language and literally means mouth of the Sterlya river 11 The population is 273 486 2010 Census 5 Sterlitamak SterlitamakCity 1 Other transcription s BashkirStәrletamaҡView of SterlitamakFlagCoat of armsLocation of SterlitamakSterlitamakLocation of SterlitamakShow map of RussiaSterlitamakSterlitamak Bashkortostan Show map of BashkortostanCoordinates 53 38 N 55 57 E 53 633 N 55 950 E 53 633 55 950 Coordinates 53 38 N 55 57 E 53 633 N 55 950 E 53 633 55 950CountryRussiaFederal subjectBashkortostan 1 Founded1735City status since1781Government BodyCouncil 2 HeadVladimir Kulikov since 2016 3 4 Elevation150 m 490 ft Population 2010 Census 5 Total273 486 Estimate 2018 6 279 626 2 2 Rank66th in 2010Administrative status Subordinated tocity of republic significance of Sterlitamak 1 Capital ofcity of republic significance of Sterlitamak 1 Sterlitamaksky District 7 Municipal status Urban okrugSterlitamak Urban Okrug 8 Capital ofSterlitamak Urban Okrug 8 Sterlitamaksky Municipal District 8 Time zoneUTC 5 MSK 2 9 Postal code s 10 453100Dialing code s 7 3473OKTMO ID80745000001Websitesterlitamakadm wbr ru Contents 1 Geography 2 History 3 Administrative and municipal status 4 Economy 5 Education 6 Ecology 7 Miscellaneous 7 1 Meteorite 8 Demographics 9 Transportation 9 1 Roads 9 2 Public transport 9 2 1 Trolleybus 9 2 2 Bus 9 2 3 Other types of public transport 9 3 Intercity 9 3 1 Railway 10 Industry 11 Notable people 12 External links 13 References 13 1 SourcesGeography EditSterlitamak is located just south of the geographical center of the Republic of Bashkortostan 121 kilometers 75 mi from Ufa Approximately 50 kilometers 31 mi to the east of the city are the Ural Mountains to the west the East European Plain begins In the vicinity of Sterlitamak inside the Belaya basin are the Shikhan Mountains Yurak Tau Kush Tau Shakh Tau and Tra Tau which are unique geological formations In the area of Mount Kush Tau there are children summer camps and Shikhany sanatorium there is also a ski base on the slope of the mountain Originally the town was built in the area between the Ashkadar and Sterlya Rivers This area is now considered the historical center and is known as the Old Town Subsequently Sterlitamak was built mainly to the west and north The Sterlya which falls into the Ashkadar River to the east flows through the central part of the city One train bridge and four regular bridges cross the Sterlya and another one is under construction In the southeastern part the Ashkadar separates Zaashkadarye Microdistrict from the main part of the city Also in the east Sterlitamak borders with the Belaya River which forms the boundary between Sterlitamaksky and Ishimbaysky Districts In the south near the heavy machinery factory the city is bordered by the Olkhovka River which is also an influx of the Ashkadar History EditAt the beginning of the 18th century a post house Holes was situated on the Ufa Orenburg road where Sterlitamak now stands A merchant Savva Tetushev by the decree of the Empress Catherine the Great founded a marina on the river Ashkadar which after the merger with the post office became known as the Sterlitamak salt pier During Pugachev s Rebellion of 1773 1775 Sterlitamak was under the control of insurgents and was subsequently burned After the restoration it became the administrative center of Sterlitamaksky Uyezd and was subsequently granted town status in 1781 citation needed The city grew rapidly during industrialization in the late 19th century At the time local landowners established beer brewing vodka distilling and leather working industries Prior to the abolition of serfdom the most influential landowners of Sterlitamaksky Uyezd were the Levashovs from the village of Levashovka now a part of the city the Mikhaylovs from the village of Mikhaylovka now Mikhaylovka Microdistrict the Belousovs from Belousovo merged into the city in 2001 In the town there were private companies and a variety of handicraft industries leather and leather products flour mill the production of vodka and beer Major employers of the city were Usmanov Bayazitov and Utyamyshev After the abolition of serfdom the city grew significantly in numbers and territory there were large scale production enterprises In 1870 the building of Sterlitamak City Duma was constructed After the February Revolution Sterlitamak Council nationalized banks the telegraph and the main industrial enterprises in the city By the decree of the Central Executive Committee on March 23 1919 Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic BASSR was proclaimed and Sterlitamak became the capital of the autonomy Later in 1922 the capital was moved to Ufa as the Soviet government began transforming the town into an industrial center Before World War II Sterlitamak was growing rapidly mainly due to consolidation of enterprises and the construction of new ones In 1922 the first power plant was launched supplying the mills and sawmills with energy A leather sheepskin factory and sawmill were merged into one large sawmill In 1930 Sterlitamaksky District was created at that time 24 000 people lived in Sterlitamak and oil started to be extracted in 1932 on its territory Two towns were established in the vicinity of Sterlitamak to tend to the oil fields Ishimbay 21 kilometers 13 mi southeast and Salavat 26 kilometers 16 mi to the south At the same time the railway was laid at Sterlitamak mainly for freight and in 1934 the first freight train arrived In connection with all these changes the population of the town prior to 1939 increased by 58 and reached 37 900 people During the Great Patriotic War many industries were evacuated to Sterlitamak soda and cement factories the Red Proletarian factory Lenin Machine Tool Plant Moscow Shoe Factory and Voronezh State Drama Theater In 1960 a telephone relay station was built in Sterlitamak The first trolleybus line in BASSR was put into operation in Sterlitamak in 1961 The main reason for this decision was a bad environmental situation in the 1980s Thus by the end of 1980 Sterlitamak had appeared in the list of the most polluted cities in the country because of the amount of harmful emissions Due to the sharp rise in employment capacity in the city it was decided to extend the city further to the east to the Belaya River and to construct bypass roads for freight transport from the west between Sterlitamak and Salavat By 1984 the population had reached 237 900 Administrative and municipal status Edit Sterlitamak City Administration building Within the framework of the administrative divisions Sterlitamak serves as the administrative center of Sterlitamaksky District 7 even though it is not a part of it 1 As an administrative division it is incorporated separately as the city of republic significance of Sterlitamak an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts 1 As a municipal division the city of republic significance of Sterlitamak is incorporated as Sterlitamak Urban Okrug 8 Economy EditThe city is linked by rail to Ufa and Orenburg There is also a small local airport located 30 kilometers 19 mi from the city Sterlitamak is a developed industrial city with complete infrastructure and good transport system Construction in the city is moving fast to develop new microdistricts Yugo Zapadny and VTS New buildings are erected in the western quarter of the city including Solnechny Lazurny and Zapadny Microdistricts Sterlitamak is a large center of chemical industry Sterlitamak Petrochemical Plant Bashkir Soda Company and mechanical engineering Sterlitamak Machine Tool Works The city has plants producing vodka subsidiary Bashspirt and beer Heineken Education Edit Russian Drama Theater At present there are 57 kindergartens 35 schools 6 high schools 1 lyceum 8 vocational schools 7 colleges SKSEiP trade school branches Ufa State Oil Technical University Bashkir State University Ural State University of Physical Culture Sterlitamakskij Physical Culture Institute Ufa State Aviation Technical University Modern Humanitarian Academy WGA Eastern Economic State University VEGU Ecology EditDuring the 1970s in connection with the bad environment in the city there were projects to make the city greener There was even a program in which each student had to plant a tree and according to former Mayor Spartak Akhmetov the child who planted a tree in his childhood will feel responsibility to the problems of pollution of his native city As a result by 2007 the number of traditional Russian birch trees increased by 350 and surpassed even Samara that has a million population In 1987 the Council of Ministers of the USSR passed a decision to improve the ecological situation in the city Currently there are many gardening and landscaping programs in Sterlitamak republican and municipal budgets has allocated the necessary funds to accomplish these objectives attracting more and more people into landscaping and improvement of the city Both Bashkotrostan and Sterlitamak have implemented a federal program for renovating housing and communal services In the city it operates since 2008 but few buildings has actually been renovated with balconies new tile roofs with streamlined elevators new sewers and repaired doors One result of landscaping and improvement programs is the title of Golden City of Russia received by Sterlitamak In 2007 the city was awarded the title of the most comfortable city in Russia among cities with populations up to a million people Just 15 years Sterlitamak from the list of the most polluted cities joined the list of the cleanest and greenest cities in Russia One reason for the sharp improvement in the environment and livability was a unique strategy for the city administration on key industries each of the seventeen largest plants were attached area of the city which they must serve Another reasons were the campaign for cleanliness in the streets the mentality of the residents high sense of responsibility of city utility services In addition to the honorary title of Golden City of Russia in 2009 the municipal service of park management of Sterlitamak took the first place Crystal Wheel 2009 among the city parks of Russia and CIS countries under the nomination of Best Amusement Park with the number of visitors from 100 thousand to 250 thousand people per year For more than five years this competition is being held in Sochi in order to identify and disseminate the best of positive experiences in different areas of park operations and high service quality standards in the field of recreation and family entertainment Its geography is quite wide compete park management from Moscow Krasnodar Almetyevsk Sterlitamak Mytishchi Tyumen as well as the cities of CIS countries This year the competition was supported by the Ministry of Culture of Russia and has grown to even more significant scale In Sterlitamak the merger of all city parks into one municipal enterprise has significantly improved their logistical base diversify the attractions and make them really popular place where the townspeople Miscellaneous EditThe city has 12 hospitals accounting for 2 700 hospital beds and 18 outpatient clinics After the merger of the institution according to 2020 data the total number of hospitals and polyclinics in the city is 10 organizations with branches attached to organizations 12 Of the major sports facilities in Sterlitamak currently operate 3 stadiums a sports stadium stadium Sodovik stadium Sportakademiya 2 swimming pools with a length of track 25 meters In the city there also are Sterlitamak Historical Museum Art Gallery of Bashkir State Art Museum MV Nesterova Theatrical Association the Sterlitamak which includes the State Russian Drama Theater Bashkir Drama Theater Dance Theater Theater studio Benefis City Philharmonic There are 3 cinemas Iskra cinema Salavat with 2 cinema halls a children s Pioneer 5 palaces and houses of culture the Palace of Pioneers and schoolchildren named after AP Gaidar The city has one TV broadcast and one radio channel By 2007 the city acted in a professional football club Sodovik took part in the First Division Championship of Russia on football Unfortunately funding was discontinued after a change of management in Soda Company sponsored by PFC Sodovik The new management of the company has found the funding of the football club unprofitable By early 2008 a children s football school was shut down as part of the elimination of the organization PFC Sodovik Around 300 boys from 8 to 18 dropped out from the football club details at the club Meteorite Edit Near midnight on May 17 1990 a meteorite fell into a field 20 km west of Sterlitamak and made a crater about 10 m in size and 5 m in depth with surrounding ejecta Several fragments up to 6 kg were found in and near the crater One year later the thumbprinted main mass of 315 kg was found when digging out the crater The meteorite is made of iron of the octahedrite IIIAB type The main mass is now in the Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography Ufa Scientific Center the Russian Academy of Science Demographics EditYear Population1939 38 8001959 111 0001970 184 0001989 Census 13 247 4572002 Census 14 264 3622008 268 3002009 269 7002010 Census 5 273 486 2015 278 678 2020 276 394 National composition according to the all Russian census of 2010 Russians 49 5 Tatars 23 9 Bashkirs 15 8 Chuvash 5 3 Ukrainians 1 9 Mordvins 1 5 15 Transportation EditRoads Edit The main streets of the city include Lenina Avenue from Ufa road to Eternal Flame Khudayberdina Street from 2 Rajewski tract Bus Station to the river Ashkadar Mira Street connects VTS microdistrict to the city center Kommunisticheskaya Street Artyoma Street Oktyabrsky Avenue link Yugo Zapadny Solnechny and Bolnichny Microdistricts to the city center From the west bends around the city a bypass road allowing transit vehicles traveling at highway Ufa Orenburg bypass Sterlitamak and Salavat Public transport Edit Trolleybus Edit The main public transport mode in Sterlitamak is the trolleybus The trolleybus system has 18 main and 3 supplementary routes served by 135 trolleybuses each day It carries more than 230 000 passengers per day representing about 80 of public transport usage in Sterlitamak It has become a tradition for Sterlitamak to extend trolleybus routes to serve new construction sites and this explains the great popularity of the trolleybus in the city Most trolleys have been purchased from Bashkir Trolleybus Plant Bus Edit Also in the city has a bus service Major bus routes pass through the main streets of the city and most of them repeat trolleybus routes but are inferior in frequency to trolleys Bus transportation is provided by Sterlitamak Passenger Motor Transportation Enterprise GUP Bashavtotrans These are comfortable buses with a lowered stance a Bashkir brand NEFAZ Other types of public transport Edit Also the city has shuttle buses which exceed the bus and trolley buses in speed and maneuverability they are substantial due to the increase of traffic jams in the city On July 25 2008 in the city it became forbidden to use Gazelle minibuses a step because the engines of national Gazelles are not equipped with environmental standards Euro 3 so now there are Mercedes Sprinter Volkswagen Transporter and Peugeot Boxer minibuses in operation All these foreign brands are equipped with engines of Euro 3 and EURO 4 and have a high level of security In the spring of 2009 the city administration gave permission for passengers on the Gazelle provided that their number does not exceed 40 units Intercity Edit Train station Railway Edit The city has a station on the segment of non electrified route Ufa Orenburg but is out of demand from the passengers and is used mainly for cargo transportation The main disadvantage of rail transport in this direction a very low speed the road to Ufa will take approximately 5 hours for buses 2 5 3 hours This is because the main part of the road passes through the single track road Industry EditThe economic potential of cities largely determined by few major chemical and petrochemical enterprises B 2008 they produced goods worth 37 billion 340 mln rubles Soda company in 2008 has shipped products worth 13 billion 788 million rubles Caustic Inc has shipped products amounting to 10 billion 344 million rubles Sterlitamak Petrochemical Plant has shipped to consumers goods with total cost of 3 billion 868 million rubles SNHZ remains Russia s only supplier of phenolic antioxidants for rubber production continued development of the production stabilizers series Agidol Tough times were upon JSC Rubber Synthesis Rubber and Vanguard Engineering and machine tool industries in the city are represented by Sterlitamak Machine tool Plant Red Proletarian Car Repair Plant Plant Stroymash and Inmash In addition there are few building enterprises in the city Sodovik the first time in the past 14 years managed to reach the volume of cement production over 1 million tons Work construction companies the largest one of them JSC Trest Sterlitamakstroy There is also developed food industry Production Plant Stalk alcohol vodka production and a brewery Shihan until 2005 known and popular not only in the republic but in many neighboring regions of Russia Sterlitamakskij Bakery celebrated in 2009 100 years also widely known not only the country but also around the Volga region in the city there are also two large dairy factories more four sausage factories The industrial enterprises in 2008 have shipped to consumers more than 51 6 billion rubles worth of produce Notable people EditAnton Anchin swimmer Aleksandra Soldatova rhythmic gymnastExternal links EditOfficial website of Sterlitamak in Russian Official website of the Council of Sterlitamak in Russian Photos of old SterlitamakReferences Edit a b c d e f Resolution 391 Council s official website 1 The decision on the appointment of the head of administration a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service 2011 Vserossijskaya perepis naseleniya 2010 goda Tom 1 2010 All Russian Population Census vol 1 Vserossijskaya perepis naseleniya 2010 goda 2010 All Russia Population Census in Russian Federal State Statistics Service 26 Chislennost postoyannogo naseleniya Rossijskoj Federacii po municipalnym obrazovaniyam na 1 yanvarya 2018 goda Federal State Statistics Service Retrieved January 23 2019 a b Gosudarstvennyj komitet Rossijskoj Federacii po statistike Komitet Rossijskoj Federacii po standartizacii metrologii i sertifikacii OK 019 95 1 yanvarya 1997 g Obsherossijskij klassifikator obektov administrativno territorialnogo deleniya Kod 80 249 v red izmeneniya 278 2015 ot 1 yanvarya 2016 g State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization Metrology and Certification OK 019 95 January 1 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division OKATO Code 80 249 as amended by the Amendment 278 2015 of January 1 2016 a b c d Law 162 z Ob ischislenii vremeni Oficialnyj internet portal pravovoj informacii in Russian June 3 2011 Retrieved January 19 2019 Pochta Rossii Informacionno vychislitelnyj centr OASU RPO Russian Post Poisk obektov pochtovoj svyazi Postal Objects Search in Russian Bobrov Aleksandr 2009 Zolotoj beryozovyj listok Sovetskaya Rossiya Archived September 24 2015 at the Wayback Machine in Russian Medicinskie uchrezhdeniya Edinyj medicinskij portal doctor bashkortostan ru Retrieved November 11 2020 Vsesoyuznaya perepis naseleniya 1989 g Chislennost nalichnogo naseleniya soyuznyh i avtonomnyh respublik avtonomnyh oblastej i okrugov krayov oblastej rajonov gorodskih poselenij i syol rajcentrov All Union Population Census of 1989 Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs Krais Oblasts Districts Urban Settlements and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers Vsesoyuznaya perepis naseleniya 1989 goda All Union Population Census of 1989 in Russian Institut demografii Nacionalnogo issledovatelskogo universiteta Vysshaya shkola ekonomiki Institute of Demography at the National Research University Higher School of Economics 1989 via Demoscope Weekly Russian Federal State Statistics Service May 21 2004 Chislennost naseleniya Rossii subektov Rossijskoj Federacii v sostave federalnyh okrugov rajonov gorodskih poselenij selskih naselyonnyh punktov rajonnyh centrov i selskih naselyonnyh punktov s naseleniem 3 tysyachi i bolee chelovek Population of Russia Its Federal Districts Federal Subjects Districts Urban Localities Rural Localities Administrative Centers and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3 000 XLS Vserossijskaya perepis naseleniya 2002 goda All Russia Population Census of 2002 in Russian Sterlitamak rtvi com in Russian Retrieved November 11 2020 Sources Edit Pravitelstvo Respubliki Bashkortostan Postanovlenie 391 ot 29 dekabrya 2006 g Ob utverzhdenii reestra administrativno territorialnyh edinic i naselyonnyh punktov Respubliki Bashkortostan v red Postanovleniya 61 ot 26 fevralya 2013 g O vnesenii izmenenij v reestr administrativno territorialnyh edinic i naselyonnyh punktov Respubliki Bashkortostan Opublikovan Vedomosti Gosudarstvennogo Sobraniya Kurultaya Prezidenta i Pravitelstva Respubliki Bashkortostan 5 251 st 239 12 marta 2007 g Government of the Republic of Bashkortostan Resolution 391 of December 29 2006 On Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative Territorial Entities and Inhabited Localities of the Republic of Bashkortostan as amended by the Resolution 61 of February 26 2013 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative Territorial Entities and Inhabited Localities of the Republic of Bashkortostan Gosudarstvennoe Sobranie Kurultaj Respubliki Bashkortostan Zakon 162 z ot 17 dekabrya 2004 g O granicah statuse i administrativnyh centrah municipalnyh obrazovanij v Respublike Bashkortostan v red Zakona 572 z ot 17 iyulya 2012 g O vnesenii izmeneniya v statyu 2 Zakona Respubliki Bashkortostan O granicah statuse i administrativnyh centrah municipalnyh obrazovanij v Respublike Bashkortostan Vstupil v silu v sootvetstvii so statyoj 33 Opublikovan Respublika Bashkortostan 52 25785 22 marta 2005 g State Assembly of Bashkortostan El Kurultai Law 162 z of December 17 2004 On the Borders Status and Administrative Centers of the Municipal Formations in the Republic of Bashkortostan as amended by the Law 572 z of July 17 2012 On Amending Article 2 of the Law of the Republic of Bashkortostan On the Borders Status and Administrative Centers of the Municipal Formations in the Republic of Bashkortostan Effective as of the date established in accordance with the provisions of Article 33 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Sterlitamak amp oldid 1052801373, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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