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Apple Park

Apple Park is the corporate headquarters of Apple Inc., located in Cupertino, California. It was opened to employees in April 2017, while construction was still underway, and superseded the original headquarters at 1 Infinite Loop, which opened in 1993.

Apple Park
Location in the San Francisco Bay Area
Alternative namesApple Campus 2
One Apple Park Way
General information
StatusComplete
Architectural styleNeo-futurism
LocationCupertino, California
Address1 Apple Park Way
CountryUnited States
Coordinates37°20′5″N122°0′32″W /37.33472°N 122.00889°W /37.33472; -122.00889Coordinates: 37°20′5″N122°0′32″W /37.33472°N 122.00889°W /37.33472; -122.00889
GroundbreakingNovember 2013 and 2014
OpeningApril 2017
Cost$5 billion (the land cost was estimated at $160 million)
OwnerApple Inc.
Dimensions
Diameter0.46 km
Circumference1.46 km
Other dimensionsAccommodating more than 12,000 staff
Technical details
MaterialAluminum, glass
Floor count4
Floor area0.26 km2
Grounds0.26 km2
Design and construction
ArchitectNorman Foster
Architecture firmFoster and Partners
Structural engineerArup
Services engineerArup
Other information
Parking14,200

The main building's scale and circular groundscraper design, by Norman Foster, have earned the structure a media nickname "the spaceship". Located on a suburban site totalling 1.46 km2, it houses more than 12,000 employees in one central four-story circular building of approximately 0.26 km2. Apple co-founder Steve Jobs wanted the campus to look less like a business park and more like a nature refuge. Eighty percent of the site consists of green space planted with drought-resistant trees and plants indigenous to the Cupertino area, and the center courtyard of the main building features an artificial pond.

Contents

In April 2006, Apple's then CEO Steve Jobs announced to the city council of Cupertino that Apple had acquired nine contiguous properties to build a second campus, the Apple Campus 2. The idea for a new headquarters was conceived by Jobs and Apple's former chief designer Jony Ive. Ive was Apple's immediate choice to design the project, going on to work very closely together with Norman Foster across five years, designing every detail, from the glass panels to the elevator buttons.

Purchases of the needed properties were made through the company Hines Interests, which in at least some cases did not disclose the fact that Apple was the ultimate buyer; Phillips Mahaney, a partner with a local commercial real estate brokerage, noted that this is common practice in attempts to arrange the purchase of contiguous land made up of multiple parcels with separate owners, in order to keep costs from skyrocketing and not reveal the company's plans to competitors. Among the sellers of the properties were SummerHill Homes (a plot of 8 acres or 3.2 hectares) and Hewlett-Packard (three buildings of their campus in Cupertino).

Until April 2008, Apple had not sought the necessary permits to begin construction, so it was estimated that the project would not be ready in 2010 as originally proposed; however, the buildings on the site were held by Apple for its operations. In November 2010 the San Jose Mercury News revealed that Apple had bought an additional 98 acres (40 ha) no longer used by HP Inc., just north across Pruneridge Ave. This space had been the HP campus in Cupertino before it was relocated to Palo Alto.

On June 7, 2011, Jobs presented to the Cupertino City Council details of the architectural design of the new buildings and their surroundings. He did not live to see construction begin. Jobs died 4 months later, on October 5, 2011.

On October 15, 2013, Cupertino City Council unanimously approved Apple's plans for the new campus after a six-hour debate. Shortly thereafter, demolition work began to prepare the site for construction.

On February 22, 2017, Apple announced the official name of the campus as the "Apple Park", and the auditorium to be named the "Steve Jobs Theater".

Originally expected to break ground in 2013 and open in 2015, the project was delayed and started in 2014. The campus opened for workers in April 2017, despite continued construction work. This was followed by the first event in the Steve Jobs Theater, which took place on September 12, 2017. The Apple Park Visitor Center opened five days later, on September 17, 2017.

As a consequence of the presence of the Apple Park in the area, surrounding streets have met with both increased tourism, along with rising real estate values of local housing, often drawing in Apple employees wanting to live near the workplace.

Cupertino, California, with the circular building of Apple Park, located north of Interstate 280

Apple Park is located 1.2 miles east of the original Apple Campus. Apple has had a presence in Cupertino since 1977, which is why the company decided to build in the area rather than move to a cheaper, distant location. The campus is also next to a contaminated site under Superfund legislation with a groundwater plume.

Steve Jobs, in June 2011, in his final public appearance before his death, was quoted as saying:

It's got a gorgeous courtyard in the middle, and a lot more. It's a circle, so it's curved all the way round. This is not the cheapest way to build something. Every pane of glass in the main building will be curved. We have a shot at building the best office building in the world. I really do think that architecture students will come here to see it.

Apple Park aerial view during construction in August 2016, north of (below) I-280. The original Apple Campus, located 1.2 miles westwards, is also shown on the top-right, south of I-280

The ring-shaped building, advertised as "a perfect circle," was not originally planned as such. The inner rim and outer rim on each floor are left open as walkways. There are eight buildings, separated by nine mini-atria. The campus is one mile (1.6 km) in circumference, with a diameter of 1,512 feet (461 m). The one circular building houses most employees. It is four stories above the ground and three stories underground. Apple created life-size mock-ups of all parts of the building to analyze any design issues.

The design hides the roads and parking spaces underground. The campus uses only glass for its walls and views of the inner courtyard as well as of the landscape facing the exterior of the building. Around 83,000 square feet (7,700 m2) of space is for meetings and breakout spaces in the building. The inner part of the circular building contains a 30-acre (12 ha) park featuring a pond, with fruit trees and winding pathways inspired by California fruit orchards.

Steve Jobs wanted no seam, gap, or paintbrush stroke visible for a clean fit and finish.[citation needed]

All interior wood used for furniture was harvested from a certain species of maple, with Apple working with construction companies from 19 countries for designs and materials.

A breathing, hollow concrete slab acts as floor, ceiling, and HVAC system. A total of 4,300 such slabs were used. Some of the slabs weigh 60,000 pounds (27 t).

Construction

During construction, the building's structure was started by Skanska and DPR, but they were removed from the job for undisclosed reasons. The firms Rudolph and Sletten and Holder Construction completed the structure, envelope, and interior buildout. Truebeck Construction (then known as BNBTBuilders) worked on the exterior landscaping, Steve Jobs Theater, and the health and fitness center; McCarthy Building Companies built the parking garage; and Granite Construction performed road widening and utility work.

The facade panes are produced by Bavarian company seele GmbH.

Panorama of Apple Park under construction, July 2016

Costs

Apple Park main building (light green) compared to large ships and buildings:
The Pentagon, 1,414 feet, 431 m
RMS Queen Mary 2, 1,132 feet, 345 m
USS Enterprise, 1,123 feet, 342 m
Hindenburg, 804 feet, 245 m
Yamato, 863 feet, 263 m
Empire State Building, 1,454 feet, 443 m
Knock Nevis, ex-Seawise Giant, 1,503 feet, 458 m
Apple Park, 1,522 feet, 464 m

The land cost was estimated at $160 million. In 2011, the budget for Apple's Campus 2 was less than $3 billion. However, in 2013 the total cost was estimated to be closer to $5 billion.

Energy source

The campus is one of the most energy-efficient buildings in the world, and the main building, Steve Jobs Theater, and fitness center are all LEED Platinum certified. In an April 2018 press release, Apple announced that it had switched to being powered entirely by renewable energy. The solar panels installed on the roof of the campus can generate 17 megawatts of power, sufficient to power 75% during peak daytime, and making it one of the biggest solar roofs of the world. The other 4 megawatts are generated onsite using Bloom Energy Server fuel cells, which are powered by biofuel or natural gas. The air flows freely between the inside and outside of the building, providing natural ventilation and obviating the need for HVAC systems during nine months of the year.

Cafés

The campus has seven cafés, with the largest being a three-level café for 3,000 sitting people. It has light-colored stone lining and glass railing with no metal support, and is surrounded by extensive landscaping. The mezzanine space of 20,000 sq ft (1,900 m2) can accommodate 600 people and 1,750 seats on terraces outside, with a capacity to serve 15,000 lunches a day, housed by specially designed 500 tables made of solid Spessart white oak, measuring 18 ft (5.5 m) long and 4 ft (1.2 m) wide.[citation needed]

The sports tables and benches resemble those in Apple Stores.[citation needed]

Auditorium

External view of the Steve Jobs Theater at Apple Park

Officially known as the Steve Jobs Theater, after the co-founder and former CEO of Apple, the facility is located atop a hill on the campus. It is an underground, 1,000-seat auditorium intended for Apple product launches and press meets. It has a large above-ground cylinder-shaped lobby with stairs down to the auditorium. The theater has 350 parking spaces on North Tantau Avenue and a pedestrian path leading to the main campus located northwest of the theater.

The theater's lobby has cylindrical-shaped glass walls and no support columns, which give an unhindered 360-degree view of the surrounding campus. The 80-short-ton (73-metric-ton) carbon fiber roof, made of 44 identical panels, was supplied by the Dubai-based company, Premier Composite Technologies. Each panel is 70 ft (21 m) long and 11 ft (3.4 m) wide and locks in the middle with the other panels. It is the largest carbon fiber roof and the largest glass-supported structure in the world.

The theater also includes a 42-foot (13 m) high glass elevator that rotates 171 degrees from the bottom to upper lobby level. The elevator is made from chemically-tempered glass, and is considered to be the tallest free-standing, glass elevator in the world.

The theater's first press event was held on September 12, 2017, where the iPhone 8, iPhone 8 Plus, iPhone X, Apple Watch Series 3 and Apple TV 4K were announced.

Panorama of the auditorium in the Steve Jobs Theater at Apple Park in Cupertino, California. Taken before the beginning of Apple's first shareholder meeting held in the theater.

Wellness center

A 100,000-square-foot (9,300 m2) fitness center is located in the northwest of the campus. Apart from gym equipment, the fitness center features other amenities like changing rooms, showers, laundry services, and rooms for group sessions.

Research and development facility

The research and development facilities feature two large 300,000-square-foot (28,000 m2) buildings on the southern edge of the campus and are occupied by more than 2,000 people. The top floor of each building houses the department comprising industrial design and human interface teams formerly headed by design chief Jony Ive.

Care clinics

In recent years, Apple started launching care clinics in Santa Clara County to provide accessible healthcare and promote healthy behaviors right in the company's workplace. The idea to bring healthcare into the community enhances the element of inclusiveness and brings about actual changes to the traditional healthcare options in most firms.

Transportation

Bus

Employees traveling by bus will board and depart from the bus station, which leads to the main campus via two white staircases. The area is also served by the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority (VTA), which runs a local bus service from Cupertino to nearby cities. Prominent transit consultant Jarrett Walker, who worked with the VTA on providing service to the campus, criticized the campus' design due to its poor access to public transit.

Vehicles

Parking is located both underground and in two large parking structures accommodating approximately 14,200 employees. Cupertino regulations required a minimum of 11,000 parking spaces, 700 of which have electric vehicle charging stations.

There are 2,000 parking spaces in the subterranean parking garage. The parking is managed by sensors and apps, which manage the traffic and parking spaces.

Cycling

There are 1,000 bikes on the campus for employees to get around, with miles of cycling and jogging trails all over the 175-acre (71 ha) campus. There are an additional 2,000 bicycle parking spaces in the subterranean car parking garage.

Apple Park Visitor Center

Apple Park Visitor Center on 10600 N Tantau Ave Cupertino. Visitors are seen using Augmented Reality iPads for exploring Apple Park model.

Apple Park Visitor Center is a two-story 20,135 sq ft (1,870.6 m2) structure with four main areas: an Apple Store featuring Apple-branded merchandise (T-shirts, hats, tote bags, post cards) not sold at regular Apple stores, a 2,386 sq ft (221.7 m2) café, an exhibition space which currently showcases a 3D model of Apple Park with augmented reality, and a roof terrace overlooking the campus. It opened to the public on November 17, 2017. The estimated cost of the center is $80M. The property at 10600 N. Tantau (NE corner of Tantau and Pruneridge) is across the road from the campus proper and abuts a Santa Clara residential neighborhood. The underground parking garage, with close to 700 spaces, has an estimated cost of $26 million. The Visitor Center is the only part of Apple Park tourists are permitted to visit.

Landscaping

Park under construction, January 2016

80% of the campus consists of green space. The spacious courtyard in the middle of the primary building was planted with apricot, olive, and apple orchards, as well as a herb garden near the cafe. Other plants selected for the campus landscape are drought tolerant. Recycled water is used to water the campus.

In 2011, Apple hired an arborist, Dave Muffly, to cultivate California's natural environment around Apple Park. Apple's headhunters tracked down Muffly in 2010 after Jobs recognized the quality of the oak trees near the Stanford Dish and asked staff to find the arborist who was caring for them.

There are 9,000 trees on the Apple Park campus, of 309 varieties of indigenous species. The planted trees are Oak savanna, Oak wood, and fruit trees including apricot, apple, plum, cherry and persimmon. An additional 15 acres (6 ha) are used for a native California grassland. Among the apple varieties represented are Golden Delicious, Granny Smith, Gravenstein, and Pink Lady, but the McIntosh is notably absent.

After he began work in earnest, Muffly realized that fewer than a hundred of the 4,000 existing trees were usable. This meant he had to procure from scratch almost all of the 9,000 planned trees. His team went so far as to search abandoned Christmas tree farms, and Apple bought one at Yermo in the Mojave Desert.

Historic barn

Glendenning Barn as seen from the sidewalk next to Apple Park

The land that Apple purchased for the campus came with an old barn that was built in 1916 by John Leonard using redwood planks. Leonard married into the Glendenning Family, who immigrated to the United States from Scotland and settled in the area in the 1850s. After Apple purchased the property, there were discussions between Apple, the Cupertino Historical Society, and the city of Cupertino as to the fate of the barn. The city's interest in the barn stemmed from its 2004 declaration as a historical site.

Eventually Apple agreed to keep the barn on the property, and is using it to "store maintenance tools and other landscaping materials". The barn was disassembled during the campus construction and then reassembled in a different location from where it was originally located.

Inner courtyard

The inner courtyard is 30 acres (12 ha), and lush with fruit trees alongside an artificial pond and a café. In the center, there is a rectangular field with several arches that resemble a rainbow when seen from a distance.

Night aerial view of the newly opened Apple Park and Cupertino in December 2017

The design of the Apple Park campus has been called the "ultimate example" of suburban office parks, which have been in decline as companies seek to relocate to urban areas with better transit, bicycle, and pedestrian access. Kaid Benfield of the Natural Resources Defense Council, a non-profit environmental advocacy group, criticized the proposed campus for contributing to existing suburban sprawl, with car-dependent features and waste of expensive real estate that could have been used for affordable housing.

The headquarters also gained unfavorable attention when it emerged in 2018 that two workers had been injured and required hospital treatment after walking into the building's clear glass walls and doors.

Apple received some criticism for the perceived extravagance of its new headquarters, as well as its perfectionist approach to its design and construction. The use of special wood as a construction material was reported to be the subject of a 30-page guideline. The design of door handles was reported to be the subject of a one and a half year debate, involving several revisions before the Apple management gave its approval. Apple's desire for custom signage put the company at odds with the Santa Clara County Fire Department, requiring several rounds of negotiations due to fears it could compromise safety in case of emergencies.

In her book Brotopia, writer Emily Chang criticised Apple Park for having no daycare facilities for employees' children, despite it ostensibly serving the needs of every individual.

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Apple Park
Apple Park Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Steve Jobs Theater Apple Park is the corporate headquarters of Apple Inc located in Cupertino California It was opened to employees in April 2017 while construction was still underway and superseded the original headquarters at 1 Infinite Loop which opened in 1993 7 Apple ParkLocation in the San Francisco Bay AreaAlternative namesApple Campus 2 One Apple Park WayGeneral informationStatusCompleteArchitectural styleNeo futurismLocationCupertino CaliforniaAddress1 Apple Park Way 1 CountryUnited StatesCoordinates37 20 5 N 122 0 32 W 37 33472 N 122 00889 W 37 33472 122 00889 Coordinates 37 20 5 N 122 0 32 W 37 33472 N 122 00889 W 37 33472 122 00889GroundbreakingNovember 2013 and 2014OpeningApril 2017 2 Cost 5 billion the land cost was estimated at 160 million 3 OwnerApple Inc DimensionsDiameter0 46 kmCircumference1 46 kmOther dimensionsAccommodating more than 12 000 staff 2 Technical detailsMaterialAluminum glassFloor count4 4 Floor area0 26 km2 4 Grounds0 26 km2 2 Design and constructionArchitectNorman Foster 5 Architecture firmFoster and Partners 4 Structural engineerArup 6 Services engineerArup 6 Other informationParking14 200 The main building s scale and circular groundscraper design by Norman Foster 8 have earned the structure a media nickname the spaceship 9 10 11 Located on a suburban site totalling 1 46 km2 it houses more than 12 000 employees in one central four story circular building of approximately 0 26 km2 Apple co founder Steve Jobs wanted the campus to look less like a business park and more like a nature refuge Eighty percent of the site consists of green space planted with drought resistant trees and plants indigenous to the Cupertino area and the center courtyard of the main building features an artificial pond 11 Contents 1 History 2 Location 3 Design and construction 3 1 Construction 3 2 Costs 3 3 Energy source 4 Facilities 4 1 Cafes 4 2 Auditorium 4 3 Wellness center 4 4 Research and development facility 4 5 Care clinics 4 6 Transportation 4 6 1 Bus 4 6 2 Vehicles 4 6 3 Cycling 4 7 Apple Park Visitor Center 5 Grounds 5 1 Landscaping 5 2 Historic barn 5 3 Inner courtyard 6 Criticism 7 References 8 External linksHistory EditIn April 2006 Apple s then CEO Steve Jobs announced to the city council of Cupertino that Apple had acquired nine contiguous properties to build a second campus the Apple Campus 2 12 13 The idea for a new headquarters was conceived by Jobs and Apple s former chief designer Jony Ive 14 Ive was Apple s immediate choice to design the project going on to work very closely together with Norman Foster across five years designing every detail from the glass panels to the elevator buttons 15 16 Purchases of the needed properties were made through the company Hines Interests 17 18 which in at least some cases did not disclose the fact that Apple was the ultimate buyer 18 Phillips Mahaney a partner with a local commercial real estate brokerage noted that this is common practice in attempts to arrange the purchase of contiguous land made up of multiple parcels with separate owners in order to keep costs from skyrocketing and not reveal the company s plans to competitors 18 Among the sellers of the properties were SummerHill Homes a plot of 8 acres or 3 2 hectares and Hewlett Packard three buildings of their campus in Cupertino 18 Until April 2008 Apple had not sought the necessary permits to begin construction so it was estimated that the project would not be ready in 2010 as originally proposed however the buildings on the site were held by Apple for its operations In November 2010 the San Jose Mercury News revealed 19 that Apple had bought an additional 98 acres 40 ha no longer used by HP Inc just north across Pruneridge Ave This space had been the HP campus in Cupertino before it was relocated to Palo Alto On June 7 2011 Jobs presented to the Cupertino City Council details of the architectural design of the new buildings and their surroundings 20 He did not live to see construction begin Jobs died 4 months later on October 5 2011 21 On October 15 2013 Cupertino City Council unanimously approved Apple s plans for the new campus after a six hour debate 22 Shortly thereafter demolition work began to prepare the site for construction 23 On February 22 2017 Apple announced the official name of the campus as the Apple Park and the auditorium to be named the Steve Jobs Theater 2 Originally expected to break ground in 2013 and open in 2015 the project was delayed and started in 2014 24 25 The campus opened for workers in April 2017 despite continued construction work 26 This was followed by the first event in the Steve Jobs Theater which took place on September 12 2017 27 The Apple Park Visitor Center opened five days later on September 17 2017 28 As a consequence of the presence of the Apple Park in the area surrounding streets have met with both increased tourism along with rising real estate values of local housing often drawing in Apple employees wanting to live near the workplace 29 30 Location Edit Cupertino California with the circular building of Apple Park located north of Interstate 280 Apple Park is located 1 2 miles east of the original Apple Campus Apple has had a presence in Cupertino since 1977 which is why the company decided to build in the area rather than move to a cheaper distant location The campus is also next to a contaminated site under Superfund legislation with a groundwater plume 31 Design and construction EditSteve Jobs in June 2011 in his final public appearance before his death was quoted as saying It s got a gorgeous courtyard in the middle and a lot more It s a circle so it s curved all the way round This is not the cheapest way to build something Every pane of glass in the main building will be curved We have a shot at building the best office building in the world I really do think that architecture students will come here to see it 32 Apple Park aerial view during construction in August 2016 north of below I 280 The original Apple Campus located 1 2 miles westwards is also shown on the top right south of I 280 The ring shaped building advertised as a perfect circle was not originally planned as such The inner rim and outer rim on each floor are left open as walkways There are eight buildings separated by nine mini atria The campus is one mile 1 6 km in circumference with a diameter of 1 512 feet 461 m The one circular building houses most employees 33 It is four stories above the ground and three stories underground 34 Apple created life size mock ups of all parts of the building to analyze any design issues The design hides the roads and parking spaces underground The campus uses only glass for its walls and views of the inner courtyard as well as of the landscape facing the exterior of the building 35 36 Around 83 000 square feet 7 700 m2 of space is for meetings and breakout spaces in the building The inner part of the circular building contains a 30 acre 12 ha park featuring a pond with fruit trees and winding pathways inspired by California fruit orchards Steve Jobs wanted no seam gap or paintbrush stroke visible for a clean fit and finish citation needed All interior wood used for furniture was harvested from a certain species of maple with Apple working with construction companies from 19 countries for designs and materials 37 A breathing hollow concrete slab acts as floor ceiling and HVAC system A total of 4 300 such slabs were used 38 Some of the slabs weigh 60 000 pounds 27 t 39 Construction Edit During construction the building s structure was started by Skanska and DPR but they were removed from the job for undisclosed reasons 40 The firms Rudolph and Sletten and Holder Construction completed the structure envelope and interior buildout 41 Truebeck Construction then known as BNBTBuilders worked on the exterior landscaping Steve Jobs Theater and the health and fitness center McCarthy Building Companies built the parking garage and Granite Construction performed road widening and utility work 41 The facade panes are produced by Bavarian company seele GmbH 42 Panorama of Apple Park under construction July 2016 Costs Edit Apple Park main building light green compared to large ships and buildings The Pentagon 1 414 feet 431 m RMS Queen Mary 2 1 132 feet 345 m USS Enterprise 1 123 feet 342 m Hindenburg 804 feet 245 m Yamato 863 feet 263 m Empire State Building 1 454 feet 443 m Knock Nevis ex Seawise Giant 1 503 feet 458 m Apple Park 1 522 feet 464 m The land cost was estimated at 160 million In 2011 the budget for Apple s Campus 2 was less than 3 billion 43 However in 2013 the total cost was estimated to be closer to 5 billion 43 44 Energy source Edit The campus is one of the most energy efficient buildings in the world 2 and the main building 45 Steve Jobs Theater 46 and fitness center 47 are all LEED Platinum certified In an April 2018 press release Apple announced that it had switched to being powered entirely by renewable energy 48 The solar panels installed on the roof of the campus can generate 17 megawatts of power sufficient to power 75 during peak daytime 49 and making it one of the biggest solar roofs of the world The other 4 megawatts are generated onsite using Bloom Energy Server fuel cells which are powered by biofuel or natural gas 50 The air flows freely between the inside and outside of the building providing natural ventilation and obviating the need for HVAC systems during nine months of the year 2 Facilities EditCafes Edit The campus has seven cafes with the largest being a three level cafe for 3 000 sitting people It has light colored stone lining and glass railing with no metal support and is surrounded by extensive landscaping The mezzanine space of 20 000 sq ft 1 900 m2 can accommodate 600 people and 1 750 seats on terraces outside with a capacity to serve 15 000 lunches a day housed by specially designed 500 tables made of solid Spessart white oak measuring 18 ft 5 5 m long and 4 ft 1 2 m wide citation needed The sports tables and benches resemble those in Apple Stores citation needed Auditorium Edit External view of the Steve Jobs Theater at Apple Park Officially known as the Steve Jobs Theater 2 after the co founder and former CEO of Apple the facility is located atop a hill on the campus It is an underground 1 000 seat auditorium intended for Apple product launches and press meets It has a large above ground cylinder shaped lobby with stairs down to the auditorium The theater has 350 parking spaces on North Tantau Avenue and a pedestrian path leading to the main campus located northwest of the theater The theater s lobby has cylindrical shaped glass walls and no support columns which give an unhindered 360 degree view of the surrounding campus The 80 short ton 73 metric ton carbon fiber roof made of 44 identical panels was supplied by the Dubai based company Premier Composite Technologies Each panel is 70 ft 21 m long and 11 ft 3 4 m wide and locks in the middle with the other panels 51 It is the largest carbon fiber roof and the largest glass supported structure in the world 52 The theater also includes a 42 foot 13 m high glass elevator that rotates 171 degrees from the bottom to upper lobby level The elevator is made from chemically tempered glass and is considered to be the tallest free standing glass elevator in the world 52 The theater s first press event was held on September 12 2017 where the iPhone 8 iPhone 8 Plus iPhone X Apple Watch Series 3 and Apple TV 4K were announced 53 Panorama of the auditorium in the Steve Jobs Theater at Apple Park in Cupertino California Taken before the beginning of Apple s first shareholder meeting held in the theater Wellness center Edit A 100 000 square foot 9 300 m2 fitness center is located in the northwest of the campus Apart from gym equipment the fitness center features other amenities like changing rooms showers laundry services and rooms for group sessions 54 Research and development facility Edit The research and development facilities feature two large 300 000 square foot 28 000 m2 buildings on the southern edge of the campus and are occupied by more than 2 000 people The top floor of each building houses the department comprising industrial design and human interface teams formerly headed by design chief Jony Ive 55 Care clinics Edit In recent years Apple started launching care clinics in Santa Clara County to provide accessible healthcare and promote healthy behaviors right in the company s workplace The idea to bring healthcare into the community enhances the element of inclusiveness and brings about actual changes to the traditional healthcare options in most firms 56 Transportation Edit Bus Edit Employees traveling by bus will board and depart from the bus station which leads to the main campus via two white staircases 34 The area is also served by the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority VTA which runs a local bus service from Cupertino to nearby cities Prominent transit consultant Jarrett Walker who worked with the VTA on providing service to the campus criticized the campus design due to its poor access to public transit 57 Vehicles Edit Parking is located both underground and in two large parking structures accommodating approximately 14 200 employees 58 Cupertino regulations required a minimum of 11 000 parking spaces 59 700 of which have electric vehicle charging stations 60 There are 2 000 parking spaces in the subterranean parking garage The parking is managed by sensors and apps which manage the traffic and parking spaces 61 Cycling Edit There are 1 000 bikes on the campus for employees to get around with miles of cycling and jogging trails all over the 175 acre 71 ha campus 62 There are an additional 2 000 bicycle parking spaces in the subterranean car parking garage 61 Apple Park Visitor Center Edit Apple Park Visitor Center on 10600 N Tantau Ave Cupertino Visitors are seen using Augmented Reality iPads for exploring Apple Park model Apple Park Visitor Center is a two story 20 135 sq ft 1 870 6 m2 structure with four main areas an Apple Store 63 featuring Apple branded merchandise T shirts hats tote bags post cards not sold at regular Apple stores 64 a 2 386 sq ft 221 7 m2 cafe an exhibition space which currently showcases a 3D model of Apple Park with augmented reality and a roof terrace overlooking the campus It opened to the public on November 17 2017 65 66 The estimated cost of the center is 80M 67 The property at 10600 N Tantau NE corner of Tantau and Pruneridge is across the road from the campus proper and abuts a Santa Clara residential neighborhood 68 The underground parking garage with close to 700 spaces has an estimated cost of 26 million The Visitor Center is the only part of Apple Park tourists are permitted to visit Grounds EditLandscaping Edit Park under construction January 2016 80 of the campus consists of green space 69 The spacious courtyard in the middle of the primary building was planted with apricot olive and apple orchards as well as a herb garden near the cafe Other plants selected for the campus landscape are drought tolerant Recycled water is used to water the campus In 2011 Apple hired an arborist Dave Muffly to cultivate California s natural environment around Apple Park 70 Apple s headhunters tracked down Muffly in 2010 after Jobs recognized the quality of the oak trees near the Stanford Dish and asked staff to find the arborist who was caring for them 70 There are 9 000 trees on the Apple Park campus of 309 varieties of indigenous species 2 11 The planted trees are Oak savanna Oak wood and fruit trees including apricot apple plum cherry and persimmon An additional 15 acres 6 ha are used for a native California grassland 71 Among the apple varieties represented are Golden Delicious Granny Smith Gravenstein and Pink Lady but the McIntosh is notably absent 70 After he began work in earnest Muffly realized that fewer than a hundred of the 4 000 existing trees were usable 70 This meant he had to procure from scratch almost all of the 9 000 planned trees 70 His team went so far as to search abandoned Christmas tree farms and Apple bought one at Yermo in the Mojave Desert 70 Historic barn Edit Glendenning Barn as seen from the sidewalk next to Apple Park The land that Apple purchased for the campus came with an old barn that was built in 1916 by John Leonard using redwood planks Leonard married into the Glendenning Family who immigrated to the United States from Scotland and settled in the area in the 1850s After Apple purchased the property there were discussions between Apple the Cupertino Historical Society and the city of Cupertino as to the fate of the barn The city s interest in the barn stemmed from its 2004 declaration as a historical site 72 Eventually Apple agreed to keep the barn on the property and is using it to store maintenance tools and other landscaping materials The barn was disassembled during the campus construction and then reassembled in a different location from where it was originally located 73 74 Inner courtyard Edit The inner courtyard is 30 acres 12 ha and lush with fruit trees alongside an artificial pond and a cafe In the center there is a rectangular field with several arches that resemble a rainbow when seen from a distance Criticism Edit Night aerial view of the newly opened Apple Park and Cupertino in December 2017 The design of the Apple Park campus has been called the ultimate example of suburban office parks which have been in decline as companies seek to relocate to urban areas with better transit bicycle and pedestrian access 75 Kaid Benfield of the Natural Resources Defense Council a non profit environmental advocacy group criticized the proposed campus for contributing to existing suburban sprawl with car dependent features and waste of expensive real estate that could have been used for affordable housing 76 The headquarters also gained unfavorable attention when it emerged in 2018 that two workers had been injured and required hospital treatment after walking into the building s clear glass walls and doors 77 Apple received some criticism for the perceived extravagance of its new headquarters as well as its perfectionist approach to its design and construction The use of special wood as a construction material was reported to be the subject of a 30 page guideline 78 The design of door handles was reported to be the subject of a one and a half year debate involving several revisions before the Apple management gave its approval 79 Apple s desire for custom signage put the company at odds with the Santa Clara County Fire Department requiring several rounds of negotiations due to fears it could compromise safety in case of emergencies 80 In her book Brotopia writer Emily Chang criticised Apple Park for having no daycare facilities for employees children despite it ostensibly serving the needs of every individual 81 References Edit Trademark Service Mark Application Principal Register USPTO Archived from the original on February 24 2018 Retrieved February 24 2018 a b c d e f g h Apple Park opens to employees in April Apple Newsroom Apple Inc Archived from the original on February 24 2017 Retrieved February 22 2017 Apple Campus 2 cost 5 billion Archived 16 November 2017 at the Wayback Machine Projects Foster and Partners a b c Apple Campus 2 Project Description PDF City of Cupertino Cupertino CA Apple Inc September 2013 Archived PDF from the original on June 10 2014 Retrieved June 17 2014 Wainwright Oliver November 15 2013 All hail the mothership Norman Foster s 5bn Apple HQ revealed Archived from the original on October 9 2016 via The Guardian a b Request for Proposal Professional Construction Inspection and Public Works Inspection Services for the City of Cupertino for the Apple Campus 2 Project City of Cupertino Cupertino CA City of Cupertino Inspection Services 12 November 2013 Archived from the original pdf on 6 November 2014 Retrieved 17 June 2014 Reisinger Don May 31 2016 Apple Campus 2 Looking Good in New Drone Flyover Fortune Archived from the original on July 10 2016 Retrieved June 22 2016 New Apple Headquarters The Best Office Building In The World Designed In London Archived from the original on May 25 2019 Retrieved May 25 2019 Moore Amy Complete guide to Apple Park Apple s new spaceship campus Macworld UK Archived from the original on May 7 2017 Retrieved May 7 2017 VanHemert Kyle Look Inside Apple s Spaceship Headquarters With 24 All New Renderings WIRED Archived from the original on March 21 2017 Retrieved May 7 2017 a b c O Brien Chris June 4 2016 A look at Apple s insanely ambitious tree planting plans for its new spaceship campus VentureBeat Archived from the original on August 19 2017 Cupertino News Apple Campus 2 Project Update July 9 2013 Archived from the original on July 9 2013 Retrieved September 15 2018 Live from WWDC 2006 Steve Jobs keynote Engadget Retrieved February 16 2020 Tetzeli Rick December 2017 Why Jony Ive Is Apple s Design Genius Smithsonian Archived from the original on May 17 2018 Retrieved May 16 2018 Passariello Christina July 26 2017 How Jony Ive Masterminded Apple s New Headquarters Wall Street Journal ISSN 0099 9660 Retrieved February 16 2020 Subscribe to read Financial Times www ft com Retrieved February 16 2020 Cite uses generic title help Sharon Simonson April 21 2006 Apple teams with Texas firm on new Cupertino campus San Jose Business Journal Archived from the original on November 26 2006 Retrieved May 10 2010 a b c d Chandler Michele April 28 2006 How Apple found 50 acres in Cupertino and why they paid big bucks for it San Jose Mercury News Archived from the original on June 28 2006 Retrieved September 27 2014 Bailey Brandon August 13 2016 Apple makes big land purchase in Cupertino The San Jose Mercury News Archived from the original on December 28 2016 Retrieved December 28 2016 Steve Jobs Presents to the Cupertino City Council 6 7 11 YouTube June 7 2011 City of Cupertino Archived from the original on June 4 2015 Retrieved September 11 2019 Markoff John October 5 2011 Apple s Visionary Redefined Digital Age The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved February 16 2020 May Patrick October 15 2013 Cupertino council clears huge Apple spaceship campus for liftoff San Jose Mercury News Archived from the original on October 16 2013 Retrieved October 16 2013 Clover Juli December 5 2013 Demolition at New Apple Campus 2 Well Underway MacRumors Archived from the original on July 1 2016 Retrieved June 22 2016 Fry Stephen May 26 2015 When Stephen Fry met Jony Ive the self confessed tech geek talks to Apple s newly promoted chief design officer telegraph co uk The Telegraph Archived from the original on May 31 2015 Retrieved May 31 2015 Peter Burrows November 21 2012 Jobs s Spaceship Like Apple Offices Completion Meets Delays Bloomberg com Bloomberg Archived from the original on March 8 2013 Retrieved February 27 2013 Apple s spaceship campus Apple Park opens in April The Verge Archived from the original on June 26 2018 Retrieved June 26 2018 Apple s iPhone 8 event is happening on September 12th The Verge Archived from the original on August 31 2017 Retrieved June 26 2018 You too can now visit the new Apple Park campus CNET November 17 2017 Archived from the original on June 26 2018 Retrieved June 26 2018 Leong Kathy Chin July 4 2017 Apple Disrupts Silicon Valley With Another Eye Catcher Its New Home The New York Times Archived from the original on July 19 2017 Retrieved July 18 2017 Broussard Mitchel July 5 2017 Houses Near Apple Park Met With Increased Tourism and Rising Real Estate Values MacRumors Archived from the original on August 29 2018 Retrieved July 18 2017 Hugh Biggar June 7 2006 The Cupertino Courier Lashinsky Adam February 23 2017 Steve Jobs Legacy Lives On in Apple s New Campus Fortune Archived from the original on February 25 2017 Retrieved February 25 2017 Leswing Kif Apple is about to reveal its 5 billion campus to the public here s what you need to know Business Insider Retrieved February 16 2020 a b Levy Steven May 16 2017 Apple s New Campus An Exclusive Look Inside the Mothership Wired ISSN 1059 1028 Retrieved February 16 2020 Garun Natt February 16 2018 Apple employees can t stop walking into the beautiful glass doors at new Apple Park campus The Verge Retrieved February 16 2020 How the World s Largest Curved Windows Were Forged for Apple HQ Architizer Journal Journal August 9 2017 Retrieved February 16 2020 Moore Amy Video shows drone crashing on to Apple Park s roof Macworld UK Retrieved February 16 2020 Saturday Roger Fingas June 11 2016 PT 04 41 pm New Apple Campus 2 tour highlights breathing concrete glass panels power tech amp more AppleInsider Retrieved February 16 2020 CS1 maint numeric names authors list link Science Xavier Harding Popular Apple gave a private tour of its new spaceship campus here s what it was like Business Insider Retrieved February 16 2020 Donato Weinstein Nathan June 9 2015 Apple to completely part ways with DPR Skanska on Apple Campus 2 within weeks Silicon Valley Business Journal San Jose American City Business Journals Archived from the original on June 17 2017 Retrieved December 9 2018 a b Donato Weinstein Nathan May 4 2015 Apple hires new spaceship general contractor as questions swirl about construction delays Silicon Valley Business Journal San Jose American City Business Journals Archived from the original on July 2 2017 Retrieved December 9 2018 Apple Hauptquartier Fenster stellt Firma aus Bayern her Die Welt February 22 2016 Retrieved September 24 2020 a b Burrows Peter Inside Apple s Plans for Its Futuristic 5 Billion Headquarters Businessweek Archived from the original on May 29 2013 Retrieved May 28 2013 Apple Campus 2 nearly 2 billion over budget and behind schedule says Bloomberg The Verge Archived from the original on April 3 2016 Retrieved April 4 2016 Apple Park Main Building U S Green Building Council December 31 2019 Retrieved July 11 2020 Apple Park Steve Jobs Theatre U S Green Building Council December 31 2019 Retrieved July 11 2020 Apple Park Fitness Center U S Green Building Council December 31 2019 Retrieved July 11 2020 Apple now globally powered by 100 percent renewable energy Apple Newsroom Retrieved November 4 2019 Cupertino City News Steve Jobs Presents to Cupertino City Council Cupertino City Council Archived from the original on June 9 2016 Retrieved June 22 2016 Apple s Campus 2 to use updated Bloom Energy fuel cells first deployed at NC data center Apple Insider Archived from the original on June 30 2016 Retrieved June 29 2016 Murphy Mike What is Apple actually doing besides building that ridiculously expensive new headquarters Archived from the original on June 25 2016 Retrieved June 23 2016 a b www fosterandpartners com Foster Partners The Steve Jobs Theater at Apple Park Foster Partners www fosterandpartners com Archived from the original on October 9 2017 Retrieved November 1 2017 Apple s iPhone 8 event is happening on September 12th The Verge Archived from the original on August 31 2017 Retrieved September 11 2017 Cava Marco della Apple offers new wellness program for headquarters employees USA TODAY Retrieved February 16 2020 Friday Mike Wuerthele March 24 2017 PT 01 29 pm New Apple Park drone footage reveals occupied research and development building landscaping progress AppleInsider Retrieved February 16 2020 CS1 maint numeric names authors list link Farr Christina February 27 2018 Apple is launching medical clinics to deliver the world s best health care experience to its employees CNBC Retrieved May 8 2020 Brinklow Adam April 27 2017 Tech companies should move closer to transit says new report Curbed SF Retrieved December 11 2020 Moore Amy Apple sends out photos of near complete Campus 2 HQ ahead of 2017 launch Macworld Archived from the original on June 23 2016 Retrieved June 22 2016 Leswing Kif April 9 2017 Apple s new 5 billion campus has more space for parking than offices BusinessInsider Archived from the original on April 18 2017 Retrieved April 17 2017 Environmental Responsibility Report PDF Apple Inc 2017 Archived PDF from the original on April 21 2017 Retrieved April 21 2017 a b Myllenbeck Kristi February 24 2017 Apple Park Cupertino shares insights into traffic sheer size of project The Mercury News Archived from the original on April 18 2017 Retrieved April 17 2017 Leswing Kif Check out the beautifully minimalist bikes Apple designed for its 5 billion campus Business Insider Retrieved November 4 2019 Here are all the details on Apple Park the company s massive new spaceship campus Fast Company February 22 2017 Archived from the original on February 25 2017 Retrieved May 16 2017 Apple Park Visitor Center Set to Open by Year s End Byways Magazine Byways Archived from the original on November 2 2017 Retrieved October 30 2017 Hein Buster November 17 2017 Apple Park visitor center opens doors to the public Cult of Mac Cult of Mac Archived from the original on November 18 2017 Retrieved November 17 2017 Wuerthele Mike Apple Park visitors center complete slated to open before end of 2017 AppleInsider Archived from the original on October 31 2017 Retrieved October 30 2017 Campbell Mikey January 18 2016 Apple to spend 80M on Campus 2 visitor center AppleInsider Archived from the original on February 18 2017 Retrieved February 18 2017 Elmer DeWitt Philip July 30 2015 Apple visitor s center will offer views of Steve Jobs Spaceship Fortune Archived from the original on February 28 2017 Retrieved February 18 2017 Steve Jobs TV Appearance at the Cupertino City Council 6 7 11 YouTube July 6 2011 Archived from the original on June 29 2016 Retrieved May 16 2017 a b c d e f Levy Steven June 1 2017 Apple Park s Tree Whisperer Wired San Francisco Conde Nast Archived from the original on March 19 2018 Retrieved March 19 2018 California Native Grasslands Association Grass Facts Archived from the original on August 9 2016 Retrieved June 24 2016 Barn at Apple Park represents hard work of generations of visionaries San Jose Mercury News July 14 2017 Archived from the original on July 19 2017 Retrieved July 25 2017 Rossignol Joe July 13 2017 Apple Has Finished Moving and Precisely Reassembling a Historic Barn At Its New Headquarters Archived from the original on July 15 2017 Retrieved July 25 2017 Myllenbeck Kristi July 14 2017 Barn at Apple Park represents hard work of generations of visionaries San Jose Mercury News Archived from the original on July 19 2017 Retrieved July 25 2017 Goodyear Sarah June 14 2011 As suburban office parks lose steam Apple unveils the ultimate example Grist Archived from the original on December 6 2017 Retrieved December 4 2017 Benfield Kaid March 13 2012 If you care about cities return that new iPad Natural Resources Defense Council Archived from the original on May 4 2012 Retrieved December 4 2017 Archived copy Archived from the original on March 13 2018 Retrieved March 13 2018 CS1 maint archived copy as title link Love Julia Channeling Steve Jobs Apple seeks design perfection at new U S Archived from the original on May 15 2017 Retrieved May 28 2018 Loterina Chris February 8 2017 Apple Repeated Delays To Perfect Spaceship Campus Reveal Why It Is Extravagantly Anti People Tech Times Archived from the original on May 28 2018 Retrieved May 28 2018 Apple s spaceship campus more than a year to approve a door handle and toilets like iPhones report says SiliconBeat February 7 2017 Archived from the original on May 28 2018 Retrieved May 28 2018 Chang Emily February 6 2018 Brotopia Breaking Up the Boys Club of Silicon Valley Portfolio ISBN 978 0 7352 1353 1 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Apple Park Apple Park One More Thing Inside Apple s Insanely Great Or Just Insane New Mothership article Wired com Steve Jobs Presents to the Cupertino City Council 6 7 11 Steve Jobs presenting his plans for the Apple Park at the Cupertino Community Hall YouTube Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Apple Park amp oldid 1052989994 Auditorium, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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