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For the shoe design, see Stiletto heel. For other uses, see Stiletto (disambiguation).

A stiletto (Italian: ) is a knife or dagger with a long slender blade and needle-like point, primarily intended as a stabbing weapon.

Stiletto

The stiletto blade's narrow cross-section and acuminated (tapering gradually to a sharp point) tip reduce friction upon entry, allowing the blade to penetrate deeply. Some consider the stiletto a form of dagger, but most stilettos are specialized thrusting weapons not designed for cutting or slashing, even with edged examples.

Over time, the term stiletto has been used as a general descriptive term for a variety of knife blades exhibiting a narrow blade with minimal cutting surfaces and a needle-like point, such as the U.S. V-42 stiletto, while in American English usage, the name stiletto can also refer to a switchblade knife with a stiletto- or bayonet-type blade design. The term in plural "stilettos", is also used as slang for a long, thin, high heel (stiletto heel) for certain boots and shoes.

Contents

Origins

First developed in Italy, the stiletto dates from the late 15th century, and is thought to be a development of the rondel dagger or misericordia, a needle-pointed weapon with a narrow blade designed primarily for thrusting, though possessing cutting edges. Early stilettos normally used a one-piece cast-metal handle which was shaped and turned on a lathe. The stiletto blade was usually hammer-forged into a dense rod with a narrow, triangular cross-section, without any sharpened edges. However, other examples of the period have emerged bearing round, square, or diamond cross-sections.

The Italian word "stiletto" comes from the Latin stilus, the thin pointed Roman writing instrument used to engrave wax or clay tablets in ancient times.[failed verification] The stiletto began to gain fame during the late Middle Ages, when it was the secondary weapon of knights. Originally designed as a purely offensive weapon, the stiletto was used to finish off a fallen or severely wounded heavily armored opponent. The needle-like blade could, if used with sufficient force, penetrate most mail or find its way through gaps in a knight's plate armor, and was narrow enough to pass through the eye slits of the helmeted knight. A severely wounded opponent who was not expected to survive would be given a "mercy strike" (French coup de grâce), hence the name miséricorde. Later, the Gunner's Stiletto became a tool for clearing cannon-fuse touch holes; used in the manner of an automotive oil dipstick, they were often inscribed with marks indicating levels of powder charges for ranging distance.

Use as offensive weapon

The stiletto was later adopted throughout Italy as the favored offensive thrusting knife (arma manesca) of the medieval assassin, so much so that it was invariably prohibited as a treacherous weapon (arma insidiosa) by the authorities of the day. The stiletto was preferred by assassins as it was silent, easily concealed inside a sleeve or jacket, and featured a blade capable of easily penetrating the heavy leather and fabric clothing of the day, while inflicting mortal wounds that tended to bleed less than those made by other types of knives.

In Italy, the stiletto began to be employed along with the dagger as a fighting weapon; a 1536 dueling treatise authored by Achille Marozzo, Opera Nova, contains sections on dagger and stiletto fighting. By the time of the Renaissance, the term stiletto had come to describe a range of slender thrusting knives closely resembling the French poignard, many with conventional dagger-profile blades and sharpened edges, but always retaining the slim profile and needle-like point. To lighten the weapon, many stilettos were equipped with blades carrying fullers over a portion of their length.

The stiletto remained a popular weapon of criminals or political assassins from the 16th through the end of the 19th century, particularly in France, Corsica, and Italy. While still used as a weapon of surprise and assassination, the use of stiletto in preference to the dagger in close combat confrontations between adversaries became widespread throughout Italy, Sardinia, and Corsica. The continued popularity of the stiletto in the Kingdom of Sicily resulted in the development of the scherma di stiletto siciliano (Sicilian school of stiletto fighting). A person skilled in the use of a stiletto would thrust the knife deep into the victim, then twist the blade sharply in various directions before retracting it, causing the sharp point to inflict severe internal damage not readily apparent when examining the entrance wound.

The stiletto followed the first wave of Italian diaspora to the city of New Orleans, Louisiana during the mid-19th century, where the knife became a popular weapon of gamblers, gang members, and assorted assassins. The stiletto was involved in so many stabbings and murders in New Orleans that the city passed an ordinance in 1879 outlawing the sale or exhibition for sale of any stiletto within the city limits. Italian immigrants to America frequently purchased or made such knives for self-defense, and the stiletto was used by anarchists as well as by members of various Black Hand organizations to assassinate Italian-Americans and others who either opposed the Black Hand or ignored its demands for blackmail. The Black Hand even established schools for training its members in the use of the stiletto.

First World War

The emergence of fierce hand-to-hand combat in the trenches of World War I created a new need for stabbing weapons, resulting in the reappearance of the dagger and the stiletto. Many versions of these stabbing knives exist, some individually made by soldiers, while others were government-procured and authorized. On the Allied side, the French Lebel M1886 épée (needle sword) bayonet was frequently cut down and converted into a stiletto or thrusting knife (Poignard-Baïonnette Lebel). These weapons were used to eliminate sentries in trench raids as well as for personal defense. As a class, these daggers, knives, and stilettos were given the title trench knife.

Second World War

World War II saw a resurgence of the stiletto in the form of combat knives for commando raiding forces and other troops who needed a weapon for silent killing. In late 1940, the famed British hand-to-hand combat instructors William E. Fairbairn and Eric A. Sykes designed the Fairbairn–Sykes fighting knife, a double-edged dagger with a long narrow point designed to optimize the blade for thrusting, though it was also capable of slashing strokes if the cutting edges were sharpened.

V-42 stiletto

Other variations of the F-S knife soon emerged, including the U.S. Marine Raider Stiletto, which was based upon the Fairbairn-Sykes knife, and the U.S. V-42 stiletto, designed from the outset to emphasize thrusting over cutting.

The 1950s: folding knives and stiletto switchblades

During the 1950s, large numbers of folding switchblade or automatic opening knives with locking blades were imported from Italy to the United States. Most of these switchblades were side-opening designs, though some employed a telescoping blade. These Italian switchblades were commonly and popularly referred to as stilettos, since most incorporated a long, slender blade tapering to a needle-like point, together with a slim-profile handle and vestigial cross-guard. The majority of these Italian stiletto switchblade knives used a now-iconic bayonet-style blade with a single sabre-grind edge (often unsharpened) and a long opposing false edge. As with the medieval stiletto, the stiletto switchblade was designed primarily as an offensive weapon, optimized for thrusting rather than cutting.

Most of these knives were designed with a locking device which locked the blade in the open position, and this lock, combined with the stiletto blade profile, enabled the knife to be used as an effective thrusting or stabbing weapon (unlike most U.S. switchblade designs of the day). Though most switchblade stilettos used a single-edge blade equipped with a long false edge, many variations exist. The stiletto switchblade is produced to this day in Italy and many other countries, and now includes many derivative folding knife designs that incorporate the same basic 'stiletto' or bayonet-style blade profile, including spring-assist, non-locking, and lock blade variants.

Look up stiletto in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
  1. Limburg, Peter R., What's In The Names Of Antique Weapons, Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, ISBN 0-698-20233-3, ISBN 9780698202337 (1973), pp. 77-78
  2. Secret Arms, The Saturday Review, London: Spottiswoode & Co., Vol. 77 No. 2,002 (10 March 1894), pp. 250-251
  3. Atkins, Anthony G., The Science and Engineering of Cutting: The Mechanics and Processes of Separating, Scratching, and Puncturing Bio-Materials, Metals, and Non-Metals, London: Elsevier Ltd., ISBN 978-0-7506-8531-3 (2009), p. 214
  4. Cassidy, William L., The Complete Book Of Knife Fighting, ISBN 0-87364-029-2, ISBN 978-0-87364-029-9 (1997), pp. 9-18, 27-36
  5. Zinser, Tim, Fuller, Dan, and Punchard Neal, Switchblades of Italy, Paducah, KY: Turner Publishing Co., ISBN 1-56311-933-1 (2003), pp. 5, 8, 69, 85
  6. Peterson, Harold, Daggers and Fighting Knives of the Western World, Dover Publications, ISBN 0-486-41743-3, ISBN 978-0-486-41743-1 (2002), pp. 16-26
  7. Ford, Roger, et al., Weapon: A Visual History of Arms and Armor, London: DK Publishing Inc., ISBN 0-7566-2210-7, ISBN 978-0-7566-2210-7 (2006), pp. 69, 131: In the late 1400s new blade shapes were introduced to the rondel dagger, an equilateral triangular cross-section, followed by the appearance of narrow square (cruciform) blades foreshadowing the emergence of the stiletto.
  8. Nelson, Lynn. "Latin Wordlist and Grammar Aid | stiletto". archives.nd.edu. University of Notre Dame. Retrieved6 September 2020.
  9. Bradbury, Jim (2004). The Routledge Companion to Medieval Warfare (Hardcover). Routledge. p. 392. ISBN 978-0-415-22126-9.
  10. Henry, Chris (2005). English Civil War Artillery 1642–51. Osprey Publishing. p. 48. ISBN 978-1-84176-766-6.
  11. Robertson, Alexander, Father Paolo Sarpi: the Greatest of the Venetians, London: Sampson, Low, Marston & Co. (1893), pp. 114-116
  12. Baring-Gould, Sabine, The Life of Napoleon Bonaparte, London: Methuen & Co. (1897), pp. 223-224
  13. Marozzo, Achille, Opera Nova Chiamato Duello (3rd ed.), Venetia, Italia (1568)
  14. "Bolognese Swordsmanship". Order of the Seven Hearts. 27 November 2010. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved17 September 2011.
  15. Demmin, Auguste, An Illustrated History of Arms and Armour: The Dagger, Poniard, Stiletto, Kouttar, Crease, Etc., London: George Bell & Sons (1877), pp. 400-402
  16. Cowen, William, Six Weeks In Corsica, London: Thomas C. Newby (1848), pp. 30-32
  17. News of the Week, The Spectator, Volume 72, No. 3,444 (30 June 1894), p. 889
  18. Bell, J. Bowyer, Assassin: Theory and Practice of Political Violence, New Brunswick NJ: Transaction Publishers, ISBN 1-4128-0509-0, ISBN 978-1-4128-0509-4 (2005), p. 37
  19. Letters from Italy: On the Nobility of the Genoese, The Universal Magazine of Knowledge and Pleasure, London: John Hinton, Vol. 58 (July 1776), pp. 43-45
  20. Quattrocchi, Vito, The Sicilian Blade: The Art of Sicilian Stiletto Fighting, J. Flores Publications, ISBN 0-918751-35-7, ISBN 978-0-918751-35-5 (1993)
  21. Lathrop, Walter M.D., American Medicine: Modern Treatment of Wounds, Vol. 7 No. 4, January 23, 1904, p. 151: The resident surgeon at the Pennsylvania State Hospital in Hazleton noted the severe internal wounds caused by a stiletto used by a trained operator.
  22. Margavio, Anthony V. and Salomone, Jerome J., Bread and Respect: The Italians of Louisiana, Gretna, LA: Pelican Publishing Co. Inc., ISBN 1-58980-023-0 (2002), p. 215
  23. Jewell, Edwin L., The Laws and Ordinances of the City of New Orleans: Title 16, Police Regulations, publ. Edwin L. Jewell (1882), p. 326
  24. Rood, Henry E., A Pennsylvania Colliery Village, The Century Magazine, Vol. 55 No. 6 (April 1898), p. 815
  25. Watkins, John, The Big Stunts of Great Detectives: The Scrapbook, Vol. 4, No. 6, New York: Frank A. Munsey (December 1907), p. 1098
  26. Johnson, Thomas M., LTC (Ret.) & Wittmann, Thomas T.: Collecting the Edged Weapons of Imperial Germany, Vol. I, Privately published, 1988, p. 317. ISBN 0-9600906-0-6
  27. Dunlop, Richard, Behind Japanese Lines: With the OSS in Burma, New York: Time Life Co., ISBN 0-8094-8579-6, ISBN 978-0-8094-8579-6 (1991): "Fairbairn had invented a stiletto as precise as a surgeon's scalpel. He wielded it with a flashing, slashing vigor that invariably proved fatal to an opponent. 'Why is it so long and thin?' I asked him one day in a question period during my own course of instruction. 'It doesn't have a cutting edge.' 'It doesn't leave any marks on the body,' he replied. 'Scarcely more than a tiny drop of blood.'"
  28. Dunlop, Richard, Behind Japanese Lines: With the OSS in Burma, New York: Time Life Co., ISBN 0-8094-8579-6, ISBN 978-0-8094-8579-6 (1991): Troops trained in the use of the Fairbairn-Sykes were taught not only knife fighting skills but also methods for employing the knife offensively as a single-thrust weapon in the manner of a stiletto to quietly eliminate sentinels or individual enemy soldiers.
  29. Levine, Bernard (1990). "IN THE BEGINNING THE ORIGINAL U.S. MARINE CORPS KNIVES OF WORLD WAR II".
  30. Langston, Richard (2001). Collector's Guide to Switchblade Knives: An Illustrated Historical and Price Reference. Boulder, Colorado: Paladin Press. p. 224. ISBN 1-58160-283-9.

Stiletto Article Talk Language Watch Edit For the shoe design see Stiletto heel For other uses see Stiletto disambiguation A stiletto Italian stiˈletto is a knife or dagger with a long slender blade and needle like point primarily intended as a stabbing weapon 1 2 Stiletto The stiletto blade s narrow cross section and acuminated tapering gradually to a sharp point tip reduce friction upon entry allowing the blade to penetrate deeply 1 3 Some consider the stiletto a form of dagger but most stilettos are specialized thrusting weapons not designed for cutting or slashing even with edged examples 1 4 Over time the term stiletto has been used as a general descriptive term for a variety of knife blades exhibiting a narrow blade with minimal cutting surfaces and a needle like point such as the U S V 42 stiletto while in American English usage the name stiletto can also refer to a switchblade knife with a stiletto or bayonet type blade design 5 The term in plural stilettos is also used as slang for a long thin high heel stiletto heel for certain boots and shoes Contents 1 History 1 1 Origins 1 2 Use as offensive weapon 1 3 First World War 1 4 Second World War 1 5 The 1950s folding knives and stiletto switchblades 2 See also 3 ReferencesHistory EditOrigins Edit First developed in Italy the stiletto dates from the late 15th century and is thought to be a development of the rondel dagger or misericordia a needle pointed weapon with a narrow blade designed primarily for thrusting though possessing cutting edges 6 7 Early stilettos normally used a one piece cast metal handle which was shaped and turned on a lathe The stiletto blade was usually hammer forged into a dense rod with a narrow triangular cross section without any sharpened edges However other examples of the period have emerged bearing round square or diamond cross sections The Italian word stiletto comes from the Latin stilus the thin pointed Roman writing instrument used to engrave wax or clay tablets in ancient times 8 failed verification The stiletto began to gain fame during the late Middle Ages when it was the secondary weapon of knights 9 Originally designed as a purely offensive weapon the stiletto was used to finish off a fallen or severely wounded heavily armored opponent The needle like blade could if used with sufficient force penetrate most mail or find its way through gaps in a knight s plate armor and was narrow enough to pass through the eye slits of the helmeted knight A severely wounded opponent who was not expected to survive would be given a mercy strike French coup de grace hence the name misericorde Later the Gunner s Stiletto became a tool for clearing cannon fuse touch holes used in the manner of an automotive oil dipstick they were often inscribed with marks indicating levels of powder charges for ranging distance 10 Use as offensive weapon Edit The stiletto was later adopted throughout Italy as the favored offensive thrusting knife arma manesca of the medieval assassin 11 so much so that it was invariably prohibited as a treacherous weapon arma insidiosa by the authorities of the day The stiletto was preferred by assassins as it was silent easily concealed inside a sleeve or jacket and featured a blade capable of easily penetrating the heavy leather and fabric clothing of the day while inflicting mortal wounds that tended to bleed less than those made by other types of knives 12 In Italy the stiletto began to be employed along with the dagger as a fighting weapon a 1536 dueling treatise authored by Achille Marozzo Opera Nova contains sections on dagger and stiletto fighting 13 14 By the time of the Renaissance the term stiletto had come to describe a range of slender thrusting knives closely resembling the French poignard many with conventional dagger profile blades and sharpened edges but always retaining the slim profile and needle like point 15 To lighten the weapon many stilettos were equipped with blades carrying fullers over a portion of their length The stiletto remained a popular weapon of criminals or political assassins from the 16th through the end of the 19th century particularly in France Corsica and Italy 12 16 17 18 While still used as a weapon of surprise and assassination the use of stiletto in preference to the dagger in close combat confrontations between adversaries became widespread throughout Italy Sardinia and Corsica 19 The continued popularity of the stiletto in the Kingdom of Sicily resulted in the development of the scherma di stiletto siciliano Sicilian school of stiletto fighting 20 A person skilled in the use of a stiletto would thrust the knife deep into the victim then twist the blade sharply in various directions before retracting it causing the sharp point to inflict severe internal damage not readily apparent when examining the entrance wound 21 The stiletto followed the first wave of Italian diaspora to the city of New Orleans Louisiana during the mid 19th century where the knife became a popular weapon of gamblers gang members and assorted assassins 22 The stiletto was involved in so many stabbings and murders in New Orleans that the city passed an ordinance in 1879 outlawing the sale or exhibition for sale of any stiletto within the city limits 23 Italian immigrants to America frequently purchased or made such knives for self defense 24 and the stiletto was used by anarchists as well as by members of various Black Hand organizations to assassinate Italian Americans and others who either opposed the Black Hand or ignored its demands for blackmail 22 25 The Black Hand even established schools for training its members in the use of the stiletto 25 First World War Edit The emergence of fierce hand to hand combat in the trenches of World War I created a new need for stabbing weapons resulting in the reappearance of the dagger and the stiletto Many versions of these stabbing knives exist some individually made by soldiers while others were government procured and authorized On the Allied side the French Lebel M1886 epee needle sword bayonet was frequently cut down and converted into a stiletto or thrusting knife Poignard Baionnette Lebel These weapons were used to eliminate sentries in trench raids as well as for personal defense As a class these daggers knives and stilettos were given the title trench knife 26 Second World War Edit A Fairbairn Sykes fighting knife F S World War II saw a resurgence of the stiletto in the form of combat knives for commando raiding forces and other troops who needed a weapon for silent killing 27 In late 1940 the famed British hand to hand combat instructors William E Fairbairn and Eric A Sykes designed the Fairbairn Sykes fighting knife a double edged dagger with a long narrow point designed to optimize the blade for thrusting though it was also capable of slashing strokes if the cutting edges were sharpened 28 V 42 stiletto Other variations of the F S knife soon emerged including the U S Marine Raider Stiletto which was based upon the Fairbairn Sykes knife and the U S V 42 stiletto designed from the outset to emphasize thrusting over cutting 29 The 1950s folding knives and stiletto switchblades Edit During the 1950s large numbers of folding switchblade or automatic opening knives with locking blades were imported from Italy to the United States Most of these switchblades were side opening designs though some employed a telescoping blade 30 These Italian switchblades were commonly and popularly referred to as stilettos since most incorporated a long slender blade tapering to a needle like point together with a slim profile handle and vestigial cross guard 5 The majority of these Italian stiletto switchblade knives used a now iconic bayonet style blade with a single sabre grind edge often unsharpened and a long opposing false edge 5 As with the medieval stiletto the stiletto switchblade was designed primarily as an offensive weapon optimized for thrusting rather than cutting 5 Most of these knives were designed with a locking device which locked the blade in the open position and this lock combined with the stiletto blade profile enabled the knife to be used as an effective thrusting or stabbing weapon unlike most U S switchblade designs of the day 5 Though most switchblade stilettos used a single edge blade equipped with a long false edge many variations exist 5 30 The stiletto switchblade is produced to this day in Italy and many other countries and now includes many derivative folding knife designs that incorporate the same basic stiletto or bayonet style blade profile including spring assist non locking and lock blade variants 5 See also EditLook up stiletto in Wiktionary the free dictionary Applegate Fairbairn fighting knife BC 41 Corvo Chilean Commando Knife List of daggers Ranger Memorial American monument featuring the Fairbairn Sykes Smatchet Yank Levy fighting knife Yarara Parachute Knife Argentine Paratrooper knifeReferences Edit a b c Limburg Peter R What s In The Names Of Antique Weapons Coward McCann amp Geoghegan ISBN 0 698 20233 3 ISBN 9780698202337 1973 pp 77 78 Secret Arms The Saturday Review London Spottiswoode amp Co Vol 77 No 2 002 10 March 1894 pp 250 251 Atkins Anthony G The Science and Engineering of Cutting The Mechanics and Processes of Separating Scratching and Puncturing Bio Materials Metals and Non Metals London Elsevier Ltd ISBN 978 0 7506 8531 3 2009 p 214 Cassidy William L The Complete Book Of Knife Fighting ISBN 0 87364 029 2 ISBN 978 0 87364 029 9 1997 pp 9 18 27 36 a b c d e f g Zinser Tim Fuller Dan and Punchard Neal Switchblades of Italy Paducah KY Turner Publishing Co ISBN 1 56311 933 1 2003 pp 5 8 69 85 Peterson Harold Daggers and Fighting Knives of the Western World Dover Publications ISBN 0 486 41743 3 ISBN 978 0 486 41743 1 2002 pp 16 26 Ford Roger et al Weapon A Visual History of Arms and Armor London DK Publishing Inc ISBN 0 7566 2210 7 ISBN 978 0 7566 2210 7 2006 pp 69 131 In the late 1400s new blade shapes were introduced to the rondel dagger an equilateral triangular cross section followed by the appearance of narrow square cruciform blades foreshadowing the emergence of the stiletto Nelson Lynn Latin Wordlist and Grammar Aid stiletto archives nd edu University of Notre Dame Retrieved 6 September 2020 Bradbury Jim 2004 The Routledge Companion to Medieval Warfare Hardcover Routledge p 392 ISBN 978 0 415 22126 9 Henry Chris 2005 English Civil War Artillery 1642 51 Osprey Publishing p 48 ISBN 978 1 84176 766 6 Robertson Alexander Father Paolo Sarpi the Greatest of the Venetians London Sampson Low Marston amp Co 1893 pp 114 116 a b Baring Gould Sabine The Life of Napoleon Bonaparte London Methuen amp Co 1897 pp 223 224 Marozzo Achille Opera Nova Chiamato Duello 3rd ed Venetia Italia 1568 Bolognese Swordsmanship Order of the Seven Hearts 27 November 2010 Archived from the original on 28 September 2011 Retrieved 17 September 2011 Demmin Auguste An Illustrated History of Arms and Armour The Dagger Poniard Stiletto Kouttar Crease Etc London George Bell amp Sons 1877 pp 400 402 Cowen William Six Weeks In Corsica London Thomas C Newby 1848 pp 30 32 News of the Week The Spectator Volume 72 No 3 444 30 June 1894 p 889 Bell J Bowyer Assassin Theory and Practice of Political Violence New Brunswick NJ Transaction Publishers ISBN 1 4128 0509 0 ISBN 978 1 4128 0509 4 2005 p 37 Letters from Italy On the Nobility of the Genoese The Universal Magazine of Knowledge and Pleasure London John Hinton Vol 58 July 1776 pp 43 45 Quattrocchi Vito The Sicilian Blade The Art of Sicilian Stiletto Fighting J Flores Publications ISBN 0 918751 35 7 ISBN 978 0 918751 35 5 1993 Lathrop Walter M D American Medicine Modern Treatment of Wounds Vol 7 No 4 January 23 1904 p 151 The resident surgeon at the Pennsylvania State Hospital in Hazleton noted the severe internal wounds caused by a stiletto used by a trained operator a b Margavio Anthony V and Salomone Jerome J Bread and Respect The Italians of Louisiana Gretna LA Pelican Publishing Co Inc ISBN 1 58980 023 0 2002 p 215 Jewell Edwin L The Laws and Ordinances of the City of New Orleans Title 16 Police Regulations publ Edwin L Jewell 1882 p 326 Rood Henry E A Pennsylvania Colliery Village The Century Magazine Vol 55 No 6 April 1898 p 815 a b Watkins John The Big Stunts of Great Detectives The Scrapbook Vol 4 No 6 New York Frank A Munsey December 1907 p 1098 Johnson Thomas M LTC Ret amp Wittmann Thomas T Collecting the Edged Weapons of Imperial Germany Vol I Privately published 1988 p 317 ISBN 0 9600906 0 6 Dunlop Richard Behind Japanese Lines With the OSS in Burma New York Time Life Co ISBN 0 8094 8579 6 ISBN 978 0 8094 8579 6 1991 Fairbairn had invented a stiletto as precise as a surgeon s scalpel He wielded it with a flashing slashing vigor that invariably proved fatal to an opponent Why is it so long and thin I asked him one day in a question period during my own course of instruction It doesn t have a cutting edge It doesn t leave any marks on the body he replied Scarcely more than a tiny drop of blood Dunlop Richard Behind Japanese Lines With the OSS in Burma New York Time Life Co ISBN 0 8094 8579 6 ISBN 978 0 8094 8579 6 1991 Troops trained in the use of the Fairbairn Sykes were taught not only knife fighting skills but also methods for employing the knife offensively as a single thrust weapon in the manner of a stiletto to quietly eliminate sentinels or individual enemy soldiers Levine Bernard 1990 IN THE BEGINNING THE ORIGINAL U S MARINE CORPS KNIVES OF WORLD WAR II a b Langston Richard 2001 Collector s Guide to Switchblade Knives An Illustrated Historical and Price Reference Boulder Colorado Paladin Press p 224 ISBN 1 58160 283 9 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Stiletto amp oldid 1054225619, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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