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Stojan Protić

Stojan Protić (Serbian Cyrillic:Стојан Протић; 28 January 1857 – 28 October 1923) was a Serbian politician and writer. He served as the Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes between 1918 and 1919, and again in 1920, later called Yugoslavia. He is best remembered as the key theoretician of Serbian parliamentarism.

Stojan Protić
1st Prime Minister of Yugoslavia
In office
19 February 1920 – 16 May 1920
MonarchPeter I
Preceded byLjubomir Davidović
Succeeded byMilenko Vesnić
In office
22 December 1918 – 16 August 1919
MonarchPeter I
Preceded byNikola Pašić
Succeeded byLjubomir Davidović
Personal details
Born(1857-01-28)28 January 1857
Kruševac, Principality of Serbia
Died28 October 1923(1923-10-28) (aged 66)
Belgrade, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Political partyPeople's Radical Party

Contents

Stojan M. Protić was born in Kruševac. His great-great-grandfather (čukundeda), Toma Dečanac, moved from the village of Dečani with his wife and two sons, to Kruševac.

Having studied history and philosophy in Belgrade's Grandes écoles (Velika škola), Protić briefly worked in government service before dedicating himself to journalism and becoming editor of Samouprava ("Autonomy"), the official daily newspaper of the People's Radical Party. In 1884 he became editor of another paper, Odjek ("Echo"), and advocated changing Serbia's constitution. He ran in the 1887 elections and was elected to Parliament. As secretary of the Constitutional committee in 1888 Protić participated in drafting the Serbian Constitution, perhaps one of the most liberal constitutions in late nineteenth-century Europe. He became an influential ideologist of the People's Radical Party and a talented journalist. He continued to write numerous articles for several political magazines while in office.

Protić was often elected as a deputy of the People's Radical Party in the Serbian Parliament: 1887, 1897, 1901, 1903, 1905, 1906, 1908 and 1912. Known as an ardent polemist and advocate of British-type democracy, he served as a deputy in the first Yugoslav parliament (1920) as well.

He was Minister of Interior in various governments in Serbia after 1903 (Administrations of Jovan Avakumović, Sava Grujić, Nikola Pašić), as well as the Minister of Finance (1909-1912). As Minister of the Interior at the outbreak of World War I, he worked the Serbian reply to the Austro-Hungarian Ultimatum during the July Crisis. He supported the Corfu Declaration (1917), opposed the Geneva Declaration (November 9, 1918), and sought to revise the Vidovdan Constitution. Protić entered into a dispute over the model of unification with Nikola Pašić at the end of the Great War. He actively supported civilian over the military government and came into conflict with leading members of the "Black Hand" as a result. Also, against the centralist tendencies of his party, he advocated for a decentralized unified state with relative autonomy for Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes. In December 1918 Protić was appointed Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes by Prince-Regent Aleksandar Karađorđević. His government, unfortunately, lasted from 20 December 1918 to 16 August 1919. He was Prime Minister once more from 19 February to 17 May 1920. In 1923, after leaving the Radicals, led by Pašić, he formed a new party the Independent Radical Party (Nezavisna Radikalna Sranka) but failed to gain support. After losing his parliamentary seat in his traditional constituency in Kruševac, Protić quit politics.

His books translated into English, German, Russian and French were published under the pseudonym "Balkanicus".

Protić died of heart disease in Belgrade in 1923.

His great-grandson is Milan St. Protić, a historian, politician and diplomat who served as the Mayor of Belgrade.

  • O Makedoniji i Makedoncima, Št. Koste Taušanovića, Beograd, 1888.
  • Tajna konvencija između Srbije i Austrougarske, Št. D. Obradović, Beograd 1909.
  • Odlomci iz ustavne I narodne borbe u Srbiji, vol. I-II, Št. D. Obradović, Beograd, 1911-1912.
  • Albanski problem i Srbija i Austrougarska, G. Kon, Beograd, 1913
  • Srbi i Bugari u Balkanskom ratu, napisao Balkanicus, Geca Kon, Beograd 1913
  • Das albanische Problem und die Beziehungen zwischen Serbien und Österreich-Ungarn, von Balkanicus (ins Deutsche übertragen von L. Markowitsch), O. Wigand, Leipzig, 1913.
  • Le problème albanais, la Serbie et l'Autriche-Hongrie, par Balkanicus, Augustin Challamel, Paris, 1913.
  • La Bulgarie : ses ambitions, sa trahison : accompagné des textes de tous les traité secrets et correspondances diplomatiques, par Balcanicus, Armand Colin, Paris, 1915.
  • Balkanicus, The Aspirations of Bulgaria, Simkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent & Co. LTD, London 1915.
  1. St. Protić, Milan (2015). Between Democracy and Populism: Political Ideas of the Peopleʹs Radical Party in Serbia:(The Formative Period: 1860ʹs to 1903). Balkanološki institut SANU. pp. 131–132. ISBN 978-8-67179-094-9.
  2. Istorijski glasnik: organ Društva istoričara SR Srbije. Društvo. 1971. p. 97. ... а Протићев познати предак , Тома Дечанац , из села Дечана , код манастира Дечана . За Пашићеве претке каже се да су се доселили из Македоније 300 година пре Пашићева рођења . За Протићевог чукундеду , Тому Дечанца , зна се да се са женом и два сина ...
  3. "Stojan Protić". Encyclopædia Britannica.
  4. Roszkowski, Wojciech; Kofman, Jan (2016). Biographical Dictionary of Central and Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century. Routledge. pp. 2306–2307. ISBN 978-1-31747-593-4.
  5. "BIOGRAPHY | Dr. Milan St. PROTIC". Retrieved2021-05-02.
Government offices
Preceded by Minister of Internal Affairs of Serbia
1903–1905
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister of Internal Affairs of Serbia
1906–1907
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister of Finance of Serbia
1909–1912
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister of Internal Affairs of Serbia
1910–1911
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister of Internal Affairs of Serbia
1912–1914
Succeeded by
Preceded by Minister of Finance of Serbia
1917–1918
Succeeded by
Himself
Preceded by
post created
Foreign Affairs Minister of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
1918
Succeeded by
Preceded by Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
1918–1919
Succeeded by
Preceded by Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
1920
Succeeded by
Cultural offices
Preceded by
Dragiša Stanojević
Director of National Library of Serbia
1900–1903
Succeeded by

Stojan Protić
Stojan Protic Language Watch Edit Stojan Protic Serbian Cyrillic Stoјan Protiћ 28 January 1857 28 October 1923 was a Serbian politician and writer He served as the Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Serbs Croats and Slovenes between 1918 and 1919 and again in 1920 later called Yugoslavia He is best remembered as the key theoretician of Serbian parliamentarism Stojan Protic1st Prime Minister of YugoslaviaIn office 19 February 1920 16 May 1920MonarchPeter IPreceded byLjubomir DavidovicSucceeded byMilenko VesnicIn office 22 December 1918 16 August 1919MonarchPeter IPreceded byNikola PasicSucceeded byLjubomir DavidovicPersonal detailsBorn 1857 01 28 28 January 1857 Krusevac Principality of SerbiaDied28 October 1923 1923 10 28 aged 66 Belgrade Kingdom of Serbs Croats and SlovenesPolitical partyPeople s Radical Party Contents 1 Biography 2 Death 3 Selected works 4 References 5 SourcesBiography EditStojan M Protic was born in Krusevac 1 His great great grandfather cukundeda Toma Decanac moved from the village of Decani with his wife and two sons to Krusevac 2 Having studied history and philosophy in Belgrade s Grandes ecoles Velika skola Protic briefly worked in government service before dedicating himself to journalism and becoming editor of Samouprava Autonomy the official daily newspaper of the People s Radical Party 3 In 1884 he became editor of another paper Odjek Echo and advocated changing Serbia s constitution 4 He ran in the 1887 elections and was elected to Parliament 1 As secretary of the Constitutional committee in 1888 Protic participated in drafting the Serbian Constitution 4 perhaps one of the most liberal constitutions in late nineteenth century Europe He became an influential ideologist of the People s Radical Party and a talented journalist He continued to write numerous articles for several political magazines while in office Protic was often elected as a deputy of the People s Radical Party in the Serbian Parliament 1887 1897 1901 1903 1905 1906 1908 and 1912 Known as an ardent polemist and advocate of British type democracy he served as a deputy in the first Yugoslav parliament 1920 as well He was Minister of Interior in various governments in Serbia after 1903 Administrations of Jovan Avakumovic Sava Grujic Nikola Pasic as well as the Minister of Finance 1909 1912 4 As Minister of the Interior at the outbreak of World War I he worked the Serbian reply to the Austro Hungarian Ultimatum during the July Crisis 4 He supported the Corfu Declaration 1917 opposed the Geneva Declaration November 9 1918 and sought to revise the Vidovdan Constitution Protic entered into a dispute over the model of unification with Nikola Pasic at the end of the Great War He actively supported civilian over the military government and came into conflict with leading members of the Black Hand as a result Also against the centralist tendencies of his party he advocated for a decentralized unified state with relative autonomy for Serbs Croats and Slovenes In December 1918 Protic was appointed Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Serbs Croats and Slovenes by Prince Regent Aleksandar Karađorđevic 4 His government unfortunately lasted from 20 December 1918 to 16 August 1919 He was Prime Minister once more from 19 February to 17 May 1920 In 1923 after leaving the Radicals led by Pasic he formed a new party the Independent Radical Party Nezavisna Radikalna Sranka but failed to gain support 4 After losing his parliamentary seat in his traditional constituency in Krusevac Protic quit politics His books translated into English German Russian and French were published under the pseudonym Balkanicus Death EditProtic died of heart disease in Belgrade in 1923 His great grandson is Milan St Protic 5 a historian politician and diplomat who served as the Mayor of Belgrade Selected works EditO Makedoniji i Makedoncima St Koste Tausanovica Beograd 1888 Tajna konvencija između Srbije i Austrougarske St D Obradovic Beograd 1909 Odlomci iz ustavne I narodne borbe u Srbiji vol I II St D Obradovic Beograd 1911 1912 Albanski problem i Srbija i Austrougarska G Kon Beograd 1913 Srbi i Bugari u Balkanskom ratu napisao Balkanicus Geca Kon Beograd 1913 Das albanische Problem und die Beziehungen zwischen Serbien und Osterreich Ungarn von Balkanicus ins Deutsche ubertragen von L Markowitsch O Wigand Leipzig 1913 Le probleme albanais la Serbie et l Autriche Hongrie par Balkanicus Augustin Challamel Paris 1913 La Bulgarie ses ambitions sa trahison accompagne des textes de tous les traite secrets et correspondances diplomatiques par Balcanicus Armand Colin Paris 1915 Balkanicus The Aspirations of Bulgaria Simkin Marshall Hamilton Kent amp Co LTD London 1915 References Edit a b St Protic Milan 2015 Between Democracy and Populism Political Ideas of the Peopleʹs Radical Party in Serbia The Formative Period 1860ʹs to 1903 Balkanoloski institut SANU pp 131 132 ISBN 978 8 67179 094 9 Istorijski glasnik organ Drustva istoricara SR Srbije Drustvo 1971 p 97 a Protiћev poznati predak Toma Dechanac iz sela Dechana kod manastira Dechana Za Pashiћeve pretke kazhe se da su se doselili iz Makedoniјe 300 godina pre Pashiћeva roђeњa Za Protiћevog chukundedu Tomu Dechanca zna se da se sa zhenom i dva sina Stojan Protic Encyclopaedia Britannica a b c d e f Roszkowski Wojciech Kofman Jan 2016 Biographical Dictionary of Central and Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century Routledge pp 2306 2307 ISBN 978 1 31747 593 4 BIOGRAPHY Dr Milan St PROTIC Retrieved 2021 05 02 Sources EditDragutin D Nikolic 1993 Stojan Protic ili Onaj koji je imao pravo Nova Iskra Olga Popovic 1988 Stojan Protic i ustavno resenje nacionalnog pitanja u Kraljevini SHS Savremena administracija Government officesPreceded byVelimir Todorovic Minister of Internal Affairs of Serbia 1903 1905 Succeeded by Ljubomir StojanovicPreceded byIvan Pavicevic Minister of Internal Affairs of Serbia 1906 1907 Succeeded by Nastas PetrovicPreceded byMihailo M Popovic Minister of Finance of Serbia 1909 1912 Succeeded by Milovan MilovanovicPreceded byLjubomir Jovanovic Minister of Internal Affairs of Serbia 1910 1911 Succeeded by Marko TrifkovicPreceded byMarko Trifkovic Minister of Internal Affairs of Serbia 1912 1914 Succeeded by Ljubomir JovanovicPreceded byMomcilo A Nincic Minister of Finance of Serbia 1917 1918 Succeeded by HimselfPreceded bypost created Foreign Affairs Minister of the Kingdom of Serbs Croats and Slovenes 1918 Succeeded by Ante TrumbicPreceded byNikola Pasic Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Serbs Croats and Slovenes 1918 1919 Succeeded by Ljubomir DavidovicPreceded byLjubomir Davidovic Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Serbs Croats and Slovenes 1920 Succeeded by Milenko VesnicCultural officesPreceded byDragisa Stanojevic Director of National Library of Serbia 1900 1903 Succeeded by Ljubomir Jovanovic Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Stojan Protic amp oldid 1053065221, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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