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Stopera

For other uses, see Stopera (surname).

Coordinates:52°22′02″N4°54′06″E /52.36722°N 4.90167°E /52.36722; 4.90167

The Stopera is a building complex in Amsterdam, Netherlands, housing both the city hall of Amsterdam and the Dutch National Opera and Ballet, the principal opera house in Amsterdam that is home of Dutch National Opera, Dutch National Ballet and Holland Symfonia. The building was designed by Wilhelm Holzbauer and Cees Dam.

The Stopera

The name is an abbreviation of the protest slogan "Stop the Opera" and not a portmanteau of "st"adhuis (Dutch: "city hall") and "opera" as is often claimed. Because the word 'Stopera' was a name for the protests against the building, the theater has never used this name in their communication.

The Stopera is located in the center of Amsterdam at a bend of the Amstel River between Waterlooplein Square and the Zwanenburgwal Canal, on a plot of land called Vlooienburg, which was reclaimed in the 16th century. The opera house building is shaped like a huge, massive block, with a curved front facing the city. Its facade is covered in a red-orange brick and corrugated metal panels. The curved face of the theatre is faced with white marble punctuated by large windows that provide panoramic views of the river from the curved interior foyers and multi-level terraces.

Next to the Stopera is the Joods Verzetsmonument, a 1988 monument to the Jewish victims of World War II. A remembrance of the Kristallnacht is held at the monument every year.

The Joods Verzetsmonument in remembrance of the Jewish victims of World War II

The construction of the Stopera was at least 60 years in the making. As early as 1915, discussions were held about building a new opera house as well as a new city hall. Various sites were considered for the new city hall, until they finally chose an expansive area of the Jewish district which had been largely abandoned during the late 1940s as its occupants were deported to concentration camps.

The Amsterdam city council established a commission in 1955 to create a design with the architectural firm of Berghoef and Vegter. After almost ten years, the council rejected their final proposal in 1964 and held a competition in 1967 for a new design. The council selected a design by Viennese architect Wilhelm Holzbauer. However, plans for the new city hall were delayed again by budget constraints, as were the opera house plans.

In 1979, it was proposed that the city hall and opera house should be combined into one complex. The opera and the Dutch National Ballet would have a shared performance space. In 1980 the Amsterdam city council approved the new design by Cees Dam and Wilhelm Holzbauer. Approval from the provincial and national governments followed in 1981.

The Stopera was a controversial project that met with heavy protests, particularly from the local counterculture and leftwing groups like the squatter movement and Provo movement, leading to riots when construction began in 1982. The project went seriously over budget and the final cost was 112 million Dutch guilders more than originally budgeted.

The opera officially opened on 23 September 1986; the new city hall opened two years later.

  1. "History". Dutch National Opera & Ballet. Retrieved23 February 2014.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toStopera.
  • Max van Rooy en Bas Roodnat De Stopera, een Amsterdamse geschiedenis (1986; Uitgeverij Rap), Dutch publication.

Stopera
Stopera Language Watch Edit For other uses see Stopera surname Coordinates 52 22 02 N 4 54 06 E 52 36722 N 4 90167 E 52 36722 4 90167 The Stopera is a building complex in Amsterdam Netherlands housing both the city hall of Amsterdam and the Dutch National Opera and Ballet the principal opera house in Amsterdam that is home of Dutch National Opera Dutch National Ballet and Holland Symfonia The building was designed by Wilhelm Holzbauer and Cees Dam The Stopera The name is an abbreviation of the protest slogan Stop the Opera and not a portmanteau of st adhuis Dutch city hall and opera as is often claimed Because the word Stopera was a name for the protests against the building the theater has never used this name in their communication The Stopera is located in the center of Amsterdam at a bend of the Amstel River between Waterlooplein Square and the Zwanenburgwal Canal on a plot of land called Vlooienburg which was reclaimed in the 16th century The opera house building is shaped like a huge massive block with a curved front facing the city Its facade is covered in a red orange brick and corrugated metal panels The curved face of the theatre is faced with white marble punctuated by large windows that provide panoramic views of the river from the curved interior foyers and multi level terraces Next to the Stopera is the Joods Verzetsmonument a 1988 monument to the Jewish victims of World War II A remembrance of the Kristallnacht is held at the monument every year History Edit The Joods Verzetsmonument in remembrance of the Jewish victims of World War II The construction of the Stopera was at least 60 years in the making As early as 1915 discussions were held about building a new opera house as well as a new city hall Various sites were considered for the new city hall until they finally chose an expansive area of the Jewish district which had been largely abandoned during the late 1940s as its occupants were deported to concentration camps The Amsterdam city council established a commission in 1955 to create a design with the architectural firm of Berghoef and Vegter After almost ten years the council rejected their final proposal in 1964 and held a competition in 1967 for a new design The council selected a design by Viennese architect Wilhelm Holzbauer However plans for the new city hall were delayed again by budget constraints as were the opera house plans In 1979 it was proposed that the city hall and opera house should be combined into one complex The opera and the Dutch National Ballet would have a shared performance space In 1980 the Amsterdam city council approved the new design by Cees Dam and Wilhelm Holzbauer Approval from the provincial and national governments followed in 1981 1 The Stopera was a controversial project that met with heavy protests particularly from the local counterculture and leftwing groups like the squatter movement and Provo movement leading to riots when construction began in 1982 The project went seriously over budget and the final cost was 112 million Dutch guilders more than originally budgeted The opera officially opened on 23 September 1986 the new city hall opened two years later References Edit History Dutch National Opera amp Ballet Retrieved 23 February 2014 Further reading EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Stopera Max van Rooy en Bas Roodnat De Stopera een Amsterdamse geschiedenis 1986 Uitgeverij Rap Dutch publication Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Stopera amp oldid 975766993, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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