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Tēlpochcalli (, Nahuatl: house of the young men), were centers where Aztec youth were educated, from age 15, to serve their community and for war. These youth schools were located in each district or calpulli.

Contents

Life in the telpochcalli was tough. From early morning strenuous activities began. The day began with a cold bath, followed by a controlled and extremely frugal meal. They had to memorize the songs which they offered as praises of their gods and practiced in the use of weapons such as the sling, and the macuahuitl. Students had other obligations, such as carrying the necessary materials to repair the temples (teocalli), and collectively working the fields for their livelihood.

The Aztec world was characterized by the care the rulers put into the education system. Tenochtitlan schools were of two types, generally depending on the boys' social background: the sons of nobles attended the calmecac, an institution that was located within the ceremonial precinct, while the commoners known generically as macehualtin, and a few noble boys, attended the school for youths at the telpochcalli. which were located in each neighborhood (calpulli).

Each family in Tenochtitlan regarded their children as a gift from the gods; children would continue the lineage, collaborate in the activities of the family and learn to respect their elders and venerate The Gods. Someday the family would celebrate their marriage, thus forming a new pillar in the social organization of the calpulli.

It was very important that within the family that children learn in the generation of the universe, carried out by the supreme gods, the male and female energies had been joined to enforce the creation of life. Women therefore educated their daughters, while men instructed their sons; that way through the process of informal education which had been imparted in the family, children learned the appropriate behaviors and different etiquettes for each sex.

From the age of three or four years, infants were to perform simple tasks with great restraint and obedience; as the years passed the work became more complex and with heavier tasks; that is how sons learned the crafts of their fathers, while girls learned the duties of their mothers, like cleaning the house, preparing food, spinning clothing for the family, etc.

Initially, children who rebelled were threatened with spanking, which became effective when they showed further disobedience; later, if young boys displayed negative attitudes, parents applied painful punctures with maguey thorns, or they would semi-asphyxyate them with the smoke from burning chillies (preparing them incidentally, for future practices of self-sacrifice)[citation needed]. On the other hand, young ladies who showed negative attitudes, such as flirting and taste for gossip, were forced to sweep at night out of the house, which was seen as worse than a beating[citation needed].

  1. Edward Calnek, ""The Calmecac and Telpochcalli in Pre-Conquest Tenochtitlan" in The Work of Bernardino de Sahagún: Pioneer Ethnographer of Sixteenth-Century Aztec Mexico, J. Jorge Klor de Alva et al, eds. Albany: SUNY Albany Institute for Mesoamerican Studies 1988.
  2. León-Portilla, Miguel (1993). La filosofía náhuatl estudiada en sus fuentes, con un nuevo apéndice. UNAM Mexico. ISBN 9789683628541. Retrieved 2014.{{cite book}}:Check date values in: |access-date= ()

Literature

Telpochcalli Article Talk Language Watch Edit Telpochcalli teːɬpot ʃˈkalːi Nahuatl house of the young men were centers where Aztec youth were educated from age 15 to serve their community and for war These youth schools were located in each district or calpulli Contents 1 Life in the telpochcalli 2 Informal training 3 See also 4 References 4 1 LiteratureLife in the telpochcalli EditLife in the telpochcalli was tough From early morning strenuous activities began The day began with a cold bath followed by a controlled and extremely frugal meal They had to memorize the songs which they offered as praises of their gods and practiced in the use of weapons such as the sling and the macuahuitl Students had other obligations such as carrying the necessary materials to repair the temples teocalli and collectively working the fields for their livelihood The Aztec world was characterized by the care the rulers put into the education system Tenochtitlan schools were of two types generally depending on the boys social background the sons of nobles attended the calmecac an institution that was located within the ceremonial precinct while the commoners known generically as macehualtin and a few noble boys attended the school for youths at the telpochcalli 1 which were located in each neighborhood calpulli Informal training EditEach family in Tenochtitlan regarded their children as a gift from the gods children would continue the lineage collaborate in the activities of the family and learn to respect their elders and venerate The Gods Someday the family would celebrate their marriage thus forming a new pillar in the social organization of the calpulli It was very important that within the family that children learn in the generation of the universe carried out by the supreme gods the male and female energies had been joined to enforce the creation of life Women therefore educated their daughters while men instructed their sons that way through the process of informal education which had been imparted in the family children learned the appropriate behaviors and different etiquettes for each sex From the age of three or four years infants were to perform simple tasks with great restraint and obedience as the years passed the work became more complex and with heavier tasks that is how sons learned the crafts of their fathers while girls learned the duties of their mothers like cleaning the house preparing food spinning clothing for the family etc Initially children who rebelled were threatened with spanking which became effective when they showed further disobedience later if young boys displayed negative attitudes parents applied painful punctures with maguey thorns or they would semi asphyxyate them with the smoke from burning chillies preparing them incidentally for future practices of self sacrifice citation needed On the other hand young ladies who showed negative attitudes such as flirting and taste for gossip were forced to sweep at night out of the house which was seen as worse than a beating citation needed 2 See also EditCalmecac Aztec society Aztec warfareReferences Edit Edward Calnek The Calmecac and Telpochcalli in Pre Conquest Tenochtitlan in The Work of Bernardino de Sahagun Pioneer Ethnographer of Sixteenth Century Aztec Mexico J Jorge Klor de Alva et al eds Albany SUNY Albany Institute for Mesoamerican Studies 1988 Leon Portilla Miguel 1993 La filosofia nahuatl estudiada en sus fuentes con un nuevo apendice UNAM Mexico ISBN 9789683628541 Retrieved 2014 a href wiki Template Cite book title Template Cite book cite book a Check date values in access date help Literature Edit Calnek Edward The Calmecac and Telpochcalli in Pre Conquest Tenochtitlan in The Work of Bernardino de Sahagun Pioneer Ethnographer of Sixteenth Century Aztec Mexico J Jorge Klor de Alva et al eds Albany SUNY Albany Institute for Mesoamerican Studies 1988 pp 169 177 The essential Codex Mendoza University of California Press 1997 p 415 ISBN 978 0 520 20454 6 Aguilar Moreno Manuel 2007 Handbook to Life in the Aztec World Oxford University Press US p 464 ISBN 978 0 19 533083 0 Retrieved 2014 a href wiki Template Cite book title Template Cite book cite book a Check date values in access date help de Sahagun Bernardino 1829 Historia general de las cosas de la Nueva Espana The General History of New Spain in Spanish Retrieved 2014 a href wiki Template Cite book title Template Cite book cite book a Check date values in access date help Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Telpochcalli amp oldid 1081330939, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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