fbpx
Wikipedia

"Television New Zealand" redirects here. For New Zealand television in general, see Television in New Zealand.

Television New Zealand (Māori: Te Reo Tātaki o Aotearoa), more commonly referred to as TVNZ, is a television network that is broadcast throughout New Zealand and parts of the Pacific region. All of its currently-operating channels are free-to-air and commercially funded.

Television New Zealand, Limited
Our Nation, Our Voice
Native name
Māori: Te Reo Tātaki o Aotearoa
TypeCrown entity
IndustryBroadcast television
Predecessor
FoundedFebruary 1980; 42 years ago (1980-02)
HeadquartersAuckland, New Zealand
Number of locations
New Zealand
Area served
Nationally (New Zealand) and some Pacific Island nations such as the Cook Islands, Fiji, and the Solomon Islands
Key people
Simon Power (CEO)
ProductsTelevision
RevenueNZ$310,673,000 (2019)
NZ$2,872,000 (2019)
Total assets43.2% (2019)
OwnerMinister of Finance (50%)
Minister of Broadcasting (50%)
Divisions
SubsidiariesFormer TV stations
Websitewww.tvnz.co.nz

TVNZ was established in February 1980 following the merger of the two government-owned television networks, Television One (now TVNZ 1) and South Pacific Television (now TVNZ 2), under a single administration. It was the sole television broadcaster in New Zealand until November 1989 when private channel TV3 (now Three) was launched.

TVNZ operates playout services from its Auckland studio via Kordia's fibre and microwave network for TVNZ 1, TVNZ 2 and TVNZ Duke, with new media video services via the American-owned Brightcove which is streamed on the Akamai RTMP/HLS DNS based caching network. Its former channels include TVNZ Kidzone (closed 30 April 2016), TVNZ Heartland (closed 31 May 2015), TVNZ U (closed August 2013), TVNZ 7 (closed June 2012), TVNZ 6 (closed 2011), and TVNZ Sport Extra (closed 2009).

Approximately 90% of TVNZ's revenue is from commercial activity (such as advertising and merchandising). The remainder of its funding comes from government funding agencies. There has been reoccurring debate about TVNZ's role and whether it should be treated as a public-service broadcaster or a fully commercial network, and the current government plans to create a replacement public media entity.

Contents

Ownership
Channel
Year
1 2 6 7 11 13 14 18 20 Sky 17 Sky 46
Separate 1960 NZBC TV N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
1975 TV One TV2
1976 South Pacific Television
TVNZ 1980 TV2
1989 Channel 2
1995 TV2
2007 TVNZ 6 TVNZ Sport Extra
2008 TVNZ 7
2010 N/A TVNZ Heartland
2011 U TVNZ Kidzone24
2012 TV One Plus 1
2013 TV One Plus 1 TV2+1
2014
2015 TVNZ Pop-up N/A
2016 Duke N/A

TVNZ 1

TVNZ 2 TVNZ 1+1 TVNZ 2+1 TVNZ Duke
2018 TVNZ Games Extra
N/A
2020 TVNZ Duke+1
2022 TVNZ Duke TVNZ 1+1 N/A

Formation

TVNZ was created in February 1980, through the merger of Television One and South Pacific Television (which was renamed TV2). Until January 1989, it was paired with Radio New Zealand as the Broadcasting Corporation of New Zealand (BCNZ).

The broadcaster was initially based in Television One's former headquarters at the Avalon television centre in Lower Hutt, with TV One broadcasting out of Avalon and TV2 broadcasting out of Auckland. However over the course of the 1980s, operations were gradually moved to Auckland. In 1989, TVNZ moved to a new television centre in central Auckland.

Broadcasting in New Zealand was deregulated in 1989. Private broadcasters were allowed to operate in competition to TVNZ. The Broadcasting Act 1989 also established the organisation now called NZ on Air which funds public broadcasting and independent media production in New Zealand.

Role as public broadcaster

TVNZ's fourth logo from 2004 to 2012

The Labour-led government under Helen Clark from 1999 to 2008 pursued a programme of public broadcasting reforms. New Zealand's wide-ranging adoption of neoliberal policies in the mid-1980s and 1990s had large sections of the state sector privatised. As a state owned enterprise, TVNZ enjoyed enormous commercial success (sustaining two-thirds of the overall audience share) and paid the Crown substantial dividends (over $250 million between 1989 and 1999). However, the commercial success had been achieved through an unabashed pursuit of ratings through populist and tabloid content, and prior to the 1999 election the National-led government was evidently positioning TVNZ for commercialisation Labour-led administrations since 1999 explicitly recognised the market failures of a wholly commercial broadcasting sector (e.g. saturation-level advertising, low levels of local content, heavy reliance on cheap imports and a disregard for quality genres and in-depth news and current affairs) and re-emphasised television's cultural and democratic functions in their policy thinking.

The Clark government's highest profile broadcasting reform to date was the restructuring of TVNZ as a Crown entity in 2003. This introduced a dual remit whereby the broadcaster had to maintain its commercial performance (continuing dividend payments to the Crown) while simultaneously implementing a new public service Charter.

The TVNZ Charter would require the negotiation and reconciliation of potentially contradictory commercial and public service imperatives. The final version of the TVNZ Charter included a range of public service objectives and expectations.

However, this dual remit precluded any transformation of TVNZ into fully-fledged public service broadcaster, and TVNZ's efforts to balance its pursuit of commercial performance and Charter objectives were soon being criticised. Despite some investment in local content, including new documentaries and discussion programmes, the content on TV One and TV2 remained similar to the pre-charter schedules, with a continuing high proportion of light entertainment and reality-TV shows.

TVNZ continues to pay dividends to the Crown. However, from 2006 until 2009 TVNZ received $15.11 million each year from Government to assist it with fulfilling Charter obligations. There was much debate about the initial secrecy surrounding funding allocations and the programmes supported. The allocation of $5 million toward coverage of the 2008 Olympics, the rights for which are secured by a competitive tender between broadcasters, was possibly the most controversial. In 2009 the Government gave control of that funding to funding agency NZ On Air. NZ On Air announced the creation of the contestable "Platinum Fund" in April 2009, setting aside the $15.11 million for high quality drama, documentary and other programme types. Following the election of a National Party-led government under John Key in 2008, the Charter was abolished in favour of a return to the 1990s model of a full commercial broadcaster.

There is much debate on the future of TVNZ, which focuses on the nature of public service broadcasting and its commercial role. An example was in a memo called A More Public Broadcaster written by outgoing Chief Executive Ian Fraser to the board of TVNZ in October 2005, was obtained and released by Green MP Sue Kedgley. The memo outlined three (four) options.

These were:

  • TV One as a fully non-commercial network, like ABC in Australia, charged with delivering Charter values, and possibly merging with Radio New Zealand and Māori Television
  • TV One a semi-commercial broadcaster with no more than six minutes of advertisements an hour like SBS in Australia
  • TV One and TV2 remaining unchanged, but two new public service channels being broadcast via digital television.
  • TV One and TV2 are now fully commercial with 15 – 20 minutes of ads per hour, plus ads overplayed over programs.

On 15 February 2006, a group of 31 prominent New Zealanders signed an open letter, published as a full-page newspaper advertisement, calling for better quality programmes and less advertising on TVNZ. These included mountaineer Sir Edmund Hillary, and former governors-general Sir Michael Hardie Boys and Dame Catherine Tizard. However, they were accused of being out of touch and nostalgic for local programmes from the 1970s and 1980s, when New Zealand had only one or two TV channels. While the Broadcasting Minister, Steve Maharey, ruled out turning TVNZ into an entirely non-commercial broadcaster, on 25 February 2006, he stated that the Labour Government was "pretty much settled" on the introduction of two new free-to-air, non-commercial channels available via digital television. One screening high-end international documentaries, re-runs of One News and minority programmes with a high local content, and another, primarily for children, screening serious drama and arts at night. These channels would eventually become known as TVNZ 7 and TVNZ 6 respectively.

Digital era

In early 2006, TVNZ purchased Harmonic branded H.262 encoding equipment for the upcoming Freeview DTH service, which is an Electra 1000 on-the-fly video re-encoder.

On 14 November 2006, TVNZ announced plans to launch two commercial-free digital channels. The first, with the working title TVNZ News 24, would feature news, sport and special interest content, and be launched in late 2007. This would be followed by a channel featuring children's, families', arts and documentary programming, with the working title of TVNZ Home, in early 2008. While 80 per cent of the programming would be local content, 70 per cent of this would consist of repeats from TVNZ's existing channels or its archive.

In April 2008, TVNZ made another purchase of more H.264 encoding equipment for the upcoming Freeview HD DTT service, which are the Electra 7000 for HD and Electra 5400 for SD on-the-fly video re-encoders.

The proposal was criticised by TV3, which accused the Government of "bailing out" TVNZ and argued that the money would be better spent on new programming. Although Sue Kedgely welcomed the decision to make the channels (including children's programming) commercial-free, she accused the Government of tight-fistedness.

In late 2011, TVNZ and its pay-TV rival Sky Network Television announced the joint venture Igloo, which is to provide a low-cost pay-TV service for households not currently covered by Freeview or Sky. Igloo closed in 2017.

TVNZ's previous logo from 2012 until 2016

In mid 2013, TVNZ changed its on-screen branding to a more flat, modern look. TVNZ went fully digital in December 2013, with the accompanying shutdown of the analogue transmitters to free up spectrum for telecommunications use.

In January 2017 TVNZ launched their 'New Blood Web Series Competition' supported by NZ On Air. The competition is calling for aspiring content creators to submit a web series pilot episode. The winner will receive $100,000 to make a complete web series, which will launch through TVNZ's online channels.

Conflicts

In addition to debates over whether TVNZ should be a public broadcaster or a commercial one, there have been other controversies.

For 3 weeks in January–February 1999, John Hawkesby became a weekday newsreader for One News, replacing Richard Long (who moved to presenting weekend bulletins alongside Liz Gunn). The change was short-lived, and Hawkesby received a $5.2m payout.

In 2000, the Broadcasting Standards Authority ruled against TVNZ over inaccuracies in a news story about the drug Lyprinol, which was erroneously touted as a cure for cancer.

In 2004 current affairs veteran of 15 years Paul Holmes sparked a public outcry after he referred to United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan as a "cheeky darkie" on his radio show on Newstalk ZB and subsequently chose not to renew his contract at TVNZ.

Also in 2004 there was the public outcry over newsreader Judy Bailey's $800,000 salary package, negotiated with head of news and current affairs at TVNZ Bill Ralston, she finished her final 12-month contract the following year after 34 years working at the broadcaster.

In late 2010, TVNZ garnered criticism over various comments made by Breakfast host Paul Henry. Henry had referred to Delhi Commonwealth Games organiser Sheila Dikshit as "the dip shit woman" and "Dick Shit", going on to state that "it's so appropriate, because she's Indian, so she'd be dick-in-shit wouldn't she, do you know what I mean? Walking along the street... she's just so funny, isn't she?" Henry also questioned whether the Governor-General of New Zealand Anand Satyanand was "even a New Zealander", going on to ask, "Are you going to choose a New Zealander who looks and sounds like a New Zealander this time ... are we going to go for someone who is more like a New Zealander this time?" Following widespread public complaints and official criticism, Henry was suspended from TVNZ for 2 weeks without pay, eventually resigning from the broadcaster. Henry's resignation polarised the New Zealand public, with supporters claiming he was a victim of political correctness, and critics accusing him of pandering to the lowest common denominator.

Replacement proposal

Renewing previous debate about the role of TVNZ as a commercial broadcaster, the Sixth Labour Government has announced a proposal to disestablish TVNZ and RNZ and establish a single public media entity. The television and radio broadcaster would have a public-service role to provide content on a variety of platforms, "some of which may be advertising free". The proposal is in early stages.

In late December 2021, former National Party Member of Parliament Simon Power was appointed as the chief executive of TVNZ. Power had recently stepped down as acting chief of Westpac Bank when the bank appointed Catherine McGrath as chief executive in November 2021. Power is scheduled to assume the position in March 2022.

TVNZ headquarters in Auckland.

Board of directors

The TVNZ Board is the governing board of Television New Zealand. It is appointed by the Minister of Broadcasting, Communications and Digital Media, who is currently[update] Kris Faafoi. As of August 2017[update], the directors are: the chairperson Dame Therese Walsh (Wellington), deputy chairperson Andy Coupe (Hamilton), Abby Foote (Christchurch), Cameron Harland (Lower Hutt), Toko Kapea (Wellington), Kevin Malloy (Auckland), Julia Raue (Auckland) and Susan Turner (Auckland).

Charter

The Fifth Labour Government introduced a "TVNZ Charter" in 2002. This was a list of objectives for TVNZ which specified it must broadcast a wide variety of New Zealand-made content; the broadcaster was given public responsibility to provide news, drama, documentaries and "promote understanding of the diversity of cultures". In 2008 the Government announced that the broadcaster was to become "more public-service" like. TVNZ responded by launching two commercial free channels; TVNZ 6 and TVNZ 7. By 2011 Prime Minister John Key announced the closure of these channels. 6 in 2011, and 7 in mid-2012, with much of their content put into TVNZ Heartland and TVNZ Kidzone24 which are only available behind a Sky TV paywall. The Fifth National Government abolished the Charter in 2011. Political opponents accused the Government of reducing TVNZ's commitments as a public broadcaster.

Satellite dish on roof of TVNZ Building, Hobson Street, Auckland CBD

TVNZ 1

Main article: TVNZ 1

TVNZ 1 is TVNZ's flagship channel. Launched on 1 June 1960, it has a broad range of programming, including news, sport, food, drama, and comedy. Its news service is 1 News and its sports division is 1 Sport

The channel, once the traditional home of television sport, has since lost the rights to most of the world's main sporting events, including the Olympics, and All Blacks test matches to pay television competitor Sky. TVNZ's outside broadcasting division, Moving Pictures, provided the production facilities for such events with 8 OB trucks across the country. This wound up in the mid 2000s. TVNZ 1 also broadcasts rural focused programmes such as Country Calendar and Rural Delivery, Māori community presentations such as Waka Huia, Marae Investigates and Te Karere, a daily Te Reo news bulletin, and shows for minorities, such as Attitude, Neighbourhood, A Taste of Home and Tagata Pasifika. Elsewhere TVNZ 1 specialises in food shows, including the locally produced Masterchef, and international shows, mostly from the BBC and Network Ten Australia.

TVNZ 2

Main article: TVNZ 2

TVNZ 2 targets a younger audience than TVNZ 1. Launched on 30 June 1975, its line up consists of dramas, sitcoms, comedies, children's programming, and reality shows, most of which are produced in New Zealand or imported from the United States.

Locally produced content includes Shortland Street, Motorway Patrol and What Now, and international shows (which are predominantly American) include The Big Bang Theory, The Simpsons and The Walking Dead. TVNZ 2 is sold by TVNZ as the "home of entertainment".

TVNZ Duke

Main article: TVNZ Duke

TVNZ Duke was launched on 20 March 2016. It broadcasts between the hours of 6pm and midnight, although it occasionally screens live sport events outside of these hours. It screens programming targeted at a male audience with comedy and drama series such as Two and a Half Men, Family Guy, MythBusters, The Late Late Show with James Corden. It also screens a number of sporting events such as the Men's and Women's Hockey Pro Leagues and the Dream11 Super Smash domestic cricket tournament.

Timeshift channels

TVNZ broadcasts timeshift channels of its three television channels. These broadcast the Auckland feed, delayed by one hour. TVNZ 1+1 was launched on 1 July 2012, replacing TVNZ 7. TVNZ 2+1 was launched on 1 September 2013, replacing TVNZ U. TVNZ Duke+1 was launched on 17 November 2020.[citation needed]

Internationally, TVNZ has helped provide television services in Pacific Island nations such as the Cook Islands, Fiji, and the Solomon Islands. While TVNZ provides much of the programming, scheduling and continuity are done locally.

Because of its history TVNZ has inherited and developed its own services in the production and broadcasting services area. These include The New Zealand Television Archive, production facilities, television school.

TVNZ Archive

The TVNZ Archive collection contains over 600,000 hours of television spanning almost 55 years of New Zealand's public television history. It includes iconic New Zealand content such as documentaries, dramas, sports programmes and every TVNZ news broadcast from December 1986 to 2014. In a 2014 briefing to Minister Craig Foss, the Ministry for Culture and Heritage noted that the long-term preservation of the TVNZ Archive collection did not align with broadcaster's business needs and that transferring the collection to the Crown would allow for the proper preservation of the collection. Both the Ministry and TVNZ explicitly wanted to ensure the archive was preserved and that it was made increasingly available for re-use through online streaming and other means. On 1 August 2014 guardianship of the archive collection was transferred to the Crown. Budget 2014 included $24.4 million to facilitate the transfer and ongoing management of the archive. Of that, $11.32 million was for the purchase of the TVNZ Archive facility at Avalon – including land, building, fixtures, fittings and plant. $5.066 million was for the depreciation and capital charge of the facility, and $8 million (spread over four years) was for the ongoing management of the archive. The building and land were transferred to the Department of Internal Affairs and the Ministry for Culture and Heritage took over guardianship of the collection. The Ministry appointed Ngā Taonga Sound & Vision as the initial archive manager.

TVNZ +

Main article: TVNZ+

TVNZ+ is Television New Zealand's on-demand streaming platform, TVNZ OnDemand was launched 20 March 2007, and is available on PlayStation 3 and PlayStation 4 via the TVNZ app on PlayStation Network for New Zealanders. It is also available on FreeviewPlus, iOS, Android, Xbox One and Windows 10. The content uses geotargeting for New Zealand only connections via a US-based Brightcove media company using the Akamai RTMP network, with some local content being made available to an international audience via their YouTube channel. At the end of 2012, the contract with Brightcove was expanded to include streaming to iOS devices via the Akamai HLS network. From 2012[citation needed], TVNZ OnDemand began uploading episodes of select shows prior to their airing on TVNZ channels and usually within a day of their original overseas airings (although sometimes this was weeks or months after their international airing). In September 2014, it was announced that episodes of seventeen shows would be uploaded within a day of their airings in the US, coinciding with the 2014–2015 season. One of the shows, Manhattan Love Story was cancelled by the US network ABC, but episodes continued to be uploaded to TVNZ OnDemand in line with their intended US airings, making TVNZ the de facto original broadcaster of the series. On 1 May 2016 (01.06 am), when TVNZ Kidzone (channel version) closed it is now on TVNZ OnDemand with lot of the shows to watch (it is still use the former channel programs). On June 13th the service rebranded to TVNZ+ after on Friday 10 TVNZ sent an email out to staff saying "exciting upgrade coming for TVNZ OnDemand"

Teletext

Main article: TVNZ Teletext

TVNZ began a teletext service in 1984 originally with the intention to help New Zealand's deaf community get improved access to news and information. A captioning service was available for certain television shows and could be accessed by browsing to page 801. The TVNZ Teletext service could be received on all TVNZ channels and the TVNZ service could be received on TV3 including captioning of some TV3 shows. Trackside also operated a Teletext service called TAB Text which only displayed the racing pages of Teletext.

A Teletext capable television was usually required to receive Teletext. With the arrival of digital television services such as Freeview, Teletext could be received through a Freeview decoder. In this case captions were normally accessed by subtitle button on a Freeview remote.

In December 2012 TVNZ announced the closure of their Teletext service from 3 April 2013. The captioning service will however continue to be available. TVNZ cited the reasons for the closure due to a decline in use particularly since most services are now available from the TVNZ website or other websites.

TiVo

On 26 March 2009 TVNZ announced that it had acquired a 33% stake in Hybrid Television Services (67% owned by Australia's Seven Media Group). Hybrid TV is the exclusive licensee of TiVo products in Australia and New Zealand. On the same day it was announced that TiVo would be arriving in New Zealand by Christmas 2009 (Hybrid launched it in Australia in July 2008). The TiVo service was discontinued on 31 October 2017.

Discontinued services

Between 1995 and 1997, TVNZ operated a network of regional TV stations under the 'Horizon Pacific' name and through a subsidiary called Horizon Pacific Television. Its broadcast content included BBC World and NZ documentary programming. The network consisted of newly formed stations ATV in Auckland, Coast to Coast in Hamilton, Capital Television in Wellington and Southern Television in Dunedin. TVNZ subsequently also purchased CTV, based in Christchurch. CTV continues to broadcast, but is no longer owned by TVNZ.

Horizon Pacific Television logos for ATV, Coast to Coast, Capital and Southern TV

Horizon Pacific was replaced by a local 'free to air' version of the music video channel MTV, based on MTV's UK service and local programming, although the channel was dropped in 1998. Prior to MTV's demise, TVNZ had bought the channel's competitor, Max TV.

TVNZ also operated a satellite services division organising and downlink facilities and across the globe, but this service was wound down in 2005.

TVNZ operated TVNZ 6 from 2007 to 2011. TVNZ 6 was a digital-only, commercial-free television channel. It was available in 60.3% of New Zealand homes on the Freeview and Sky Television Digital platforms. TVNZ 6 was on air daily from 6 am to midnight.

TVNZ 7 was launched in March 2008 and was a commercial-free news and information channel. It was available via the Freeview and Sky platforms. The New Zealand Government, under Prime Minister John Key and Broadcasting Minister Jonathan Coleman decided to discontinue funding for TVNZ 7. The final broadcast ended at midnight on 30 June 2012. TVNZ 7 was replaced with time shift channel TV One Plus 1 (now TVNZ 1 +1).

TVNZ launched U on 13 March 2011. U was a 24-hour youth orientated channel available via both Freeview and Sky. TVNZ U was launched to fill the gap when TVNZ 6 closed in 2011. TVNZ U specialised in musical tastes, reality, gaming, fashion and informative youth orientated documentaries.

On 29 July 2013, TVNZ announced that the channel would be closed on 31 August 2013 and be replaced by a time shift channel, TV2+1 (now TVNZ 2 +1).

TVNZ Heartland was a pay-TV channel that launched on the Sky Television platform on 1 June 2010. It was TVNZ's first channel available exclusively on a pay-TV platform and featured 100% New Zealand made programming, mostly sourced from the TVNZ archives. The channel closed in May 2015.

TVNZ ceased delivering its Pacific Service in October 2015. The service was taken over by Pacific Cooperation Broadcasting Limited, who expanded the service in February 2016 as Pasifika TV. The service became a collaboration of all major New Zealand broadcasters, as opposed to just TVNZ. The transition of the service meant that it was now funded by Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, and the objectives were broadened beyond supplying content, to focus on strengthening partnerships in the Pacific by building capacity and capabilities amongst the respective Pacific free to air broadcasters.

High Definition

TVNZ has offered HD broadcasts since July/August 2008, when the 2008 Summer Olympics were broadcast in High Definition. The service is offered on the Freeview|HD platform, using DVB-T transmission. Only TV One and TV2 are offered in HD, and the majority of programming is still up-converted from Standard Definition. From 1 July 2009 the HD versions of TV One and TV2 became available to Sky TV subscribers who have the MySky HDi decoders. Content on the HD versions of TV One and 2 are the same as the Standard Definition versions however when watching certain shows that broadcast in High Definition the HD logo is displayed next to the channel logo, this logo is not seen when watching the same show on the Standard Definition versions of TV1 and 2.

TVNZ has adopted 1080i as their HD broadcast format.

Kordia, formerly BCL, TVNZ's transmission partner

TVNZ's transmission network is operated by Kordia, formerly a subsidiary of TVNZ known as Broadcast Communications Limited until 2006. The company owns and operates the terrestrial transmission network used for broadcast of all major terrestrial television networks in New Zealand, including Discovery New Zealand. and Prime Television – TVNZ's major competitors, along with other voice and data telecommunications services.

Geographic history

TVNZ's primary television channel TV One is provided as four distinct terrestrial feeds, localising to viewers within and around the Auckland, Waikato, Wellington and Christchurch regions. Localised satellite feeds were made available in 2010 to channel-locked SD receivers. Localised content currently only consists of targeted regional advertising spots toward the end of a commercial break. Localised regional news programming was discontinued in the late 1980s and all localised versions for TV2 were discontinued in the early 2000s in favour of only national advertising.

TVNZ's predecessor, NZBC started as distinct stations in Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch and Dunedin. Nationwide networked services were first introduced in July 1969 to broadcast the Apollo 11 landing footage, flown in specially from Australia, from Wellington simultaneously across all stations. However, the network was still incomplete, and in some places, outside broadcast vans were strategically placed to temporarily complete missing links. The network was fully completed in November that year.

The national television network consisted of microwave links linking the major transmitters via intermediate repeaters. In 1985, the microwave network extended from Maungataniwha in Northland to Obelisk in Central Otago via Auckland, Waikato, Taupo, Hawke's Bay (with a spur to Gisborne), Manawatu (with a spur to Taranaki), Wairarapa, Wellington, Marlborough (with a spur to Nelson and the West Coast), Canterbury, Dunedin and Southland. Broadcast relay stations served areas off the microwave network.

TVNZ also used to run telethons up until 1990 at locations around the country, viewers would be shown full coverage of the Telethon nearest their location. Originally when TVNZ began broadcasting TV One and TV2 on Sky Digital at the end of 2001 viewers would see only nationwide or Auckland advertisements when watching these channels through the Sky Digital service. In 2004 this was expanded to show one of three feeds for regional advertising spots targeting Auckland, Wellington or Christchurch with viewers outside of these regions seeing advertisements from the closest region. This was again dropped in March 2007 with a return to only nationwide advertising on TVNZ channels on Sky Digital before being reintroduced through the Freeview SD service. Regional advertising spots are only shown on TV One on both Digital and Analogue platforms however those that receive the HD version of TV One through their HD receiver will only see Auckland advertisements. Standard DVB satellite receivers will scan in all versions to be selected by the viewer.

Wellington-based Avalon Studios, long a nucleus of TV production in New Zealand, was finally put up for sale by TVNZ in 2011, with most of its remaining shows relocating to Auckland, completing a trend of northward drift by the broadcaster. TV production was spread evenly around the country in the 1970s, but according to Wellington-based TV personalities, the drift to Auckland began in 1980 with the formation of TVNZ, and the subsequent relocation of the TV One newsroom and headquarters to Auckland under then Prime Minister Rob Muldoon.

In Christchurch, the original TVNZ studios were located at Gloucester Street in the NZBC owned building used to broadcast 3YA and 3ZB. A 14-storey building was also built on Worcester Street as studios for various TVNZ shows, notable shows to be filmed here included What Now and The Son of a Gunn Show. In 1998 TVNZ closed its Christchurch studios. What Now was moved to the Wellington-based Avalon Studios for a few years but moved back to Christchurch to be filmed at the privately owned Whitebait studios. Prior to the 2011 Christchurch earthquake on 22 February, the Worcester Street building continued to house Christchurch radio stations previously owned by RNZ and now owned by NZME (formerly The Radio Network); stations included Newstalk ZB, Classic Hits 97.7 and 91ZM. The Gloucester Street building remained as Christchurch based newsroom for TVNZ until the building was badly damaged in the quake, and has since been demolished. The Worcester Street building was demolished on 5 August 2012 by implosion.

The Dunedin studios were used to film many iconic shows, such as Play School, University Challenge, Beauty and the Beast, and Spot On. When TVNZ scaled back its Dunedin studios in 1989, they were purchased by Ian Taylor, the founder of Animation Research and Taylormade Media.

DVB-S availability

TV One, TV2 and the hour delayed versions are available "in the clear" over DVB-S on Optus D1 as standard definition only. A Sky set-top box is not required, any satellite set-top box or tuner will work. However the high definition versions on DVB-S2 are scrambled and require a Sky Television H.264 set-top box such as MySky, which costs the price of a basic subscription plus addition MySky rental fee.

Civil Defence

TVNZ's functions are subject to lifeline utility requirements under NZ civil defence legislation. In practice, this status as a lifeline utility requires TVNZ to be able to function at least to a reduced level after an emergency, and to provide advice to civil defence authorities when requested.

Details prior to December 2013 digital switchover

Technical notes

New Zealand uses PAL B (7 MHz channel spacing) on VHF, and PAL G (8 MHz channel spacing) on UHF.

  • While Australia also uses PAL B on VHF, the frequency allocations of NZ differ somewhat from Australia.
  • Australia uses PAL B (7 MHz channel spacing) for UHF, so most UHF channels are on different frequencies.
  • For stereo sound New Zealand uses NICAM on a non-standard offset from the monaural FM audio signal, while Australia uses the standard European offset for A2 Stereo. With NICAM being a digital signal, it has a higher chance of drop out over distance and from interference than A2 Stereo.
  • Because of these differences, some Australian TV sets (when taken to NZ) are only capable of mono sound reproduction, and many VHF channels may not be received (properly) or come in at all.
  • TVNZ (for historical and technical reasons) uses the greatest number of VHF frequencies in New Zealand.

NICAM stereo

New Zealand has a near nationwide implementation of NICAM stereo sound for TV One and TV2. NICAM stereo was first made available on TV2 in the Auckland region in 1989, also during the early 1990s Simulated Stereo was available in Wellington on TV2. NICAM stereo was not rolled out to the rest of the country or onto TV One until 1996 and for some regions (such as Southland) NICAM was not available until 2001. Rival network Three has offered NICAM stereo in all available regions since its launch in 1989; this is also the case with Prime TV. Stereo sound is available on all TVNZ channels if accessed through Sky Digital or Freeview.

TVNZ's major competitors in the television market are

  1. "TVNZ Annual Report 2019"(PDF). tvnz.co.nz. 29 August 2019. Retrieved6 November 2019.
  2. "Television New Zealand Limited Shareholdings". companies.govt.nz. Retrieved6 November 2019.
  3. [1] Archived 12 May 2015 at the Wayback Machine, IAB New Zealand website
  4. Patterson, Jane (13 November 2019). "Govt to consider replacing RNZ, TVNZ with new public broadcaster". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved24 October 2021.
  5. "The Competition Arrives | INSIDE TVNZ". tvnz.co.nz. TVNZ. Retrieved24 October 2021.
  6. "Broadcasting Act 1989 No 25 (as at 21 March 2017), Public Act Contents – New Zealand Legislation". www.legislation.govt.nz. Retrieved24 October 2021.
  7. "Television New Zealand Act 2003 No 1 (as at 23 July 2011), Public Act – New Zealand Legislation". www.legislation.govt.nz. Retrieved24 October 2021.
  8. "TVNZ Charter abolished". Newshub. 13 July 2011. Retrieved23 November 2016.
  9. "Chief outlines 'major problem' at TVNZ". NZHerald. 13 December 2005. Retrieved23 November 2016.
  10. "Troubles on the TV". The New Zealand Herald. 25 February 2006. Retrieved23 October 2021.
  11. "Television New Zealand Launches New Freeview HD and SD Digital Terrestrial Service with Harmonic's Video Solutions". Harmonic Inc. Retrieved2 May 2015.
  12. "A Momentous Day for TVNZ – Scoop News".
  13. "Digital television funding falls short of vision – Scoop News".
  14. "Igloo to close down in 2017". www.guide2.co.nz. Retrieved24 October 2021.
  15. "Logos". TVNZ Planit Toolbox. TVNZ. Retrieved1 January 2015.
  16. "Going Digital – Home". Retrieved2 May 2015.
  17. "TVNZ New Blood Web Series Opens – Scoop News".
  18. "Ministry of Health and Television New Zealand Ltd – 2000-030, 2000–031". Broadcasting Standards Authority. Retrieved22 October 2015.
  19. "Dikshit giggles: New Henry drama". Stuff. 6 October 2010. Retrieved6 October 2010.
  20. "TVNZ's Paul Henry slammed over Governor-General remarks". The Spy Report. Media Spy. 4 October 2010. Retrieved4 October 2010.
  21. "Henry causes a stir – again". Stuff. 4 October 2010. Retrieved4 October 2010.
  22. Vass, Beck (15 January 2011). "Henry foes, fans evenly split". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved19 November 2011.
  23. Parker, Stephen (16 March 2021). "TVNZ/RNZ merger: Who holds the cards?". Newsroom. Retrieved24 October 2021.
  24. "TVNZ appoints Simon Power as CEO". The New Zealand Herald. 21 December 2021. Retrieved21 December 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  25. "Hon Kris Faafoi". Beehive.govt.nz. Retrieved6 December 2021.
  26. "TVNZ board appointments". beehive.govt.nz. New Zealand Government. 28 April 2017. Retrieved26 August 2017.
  27. "Our Board". TVNZ. Retrieved26 August 2017.
  28. "TVNZ Draft Charter". TVNZ. 3 June 2001. Archived from the original on 3 June 2001. Retrieved28 April 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  29. Burr, Lloyd (7 December 2011). "TVNZ Charter abolished". Newshub. Retrieved28 April 2017.
  30. "Public Disservice Broadcasting: The shameful demise of TVNZ7". Retrieved2 May 2015.
  31. Foss, Craig (31 July 2014). Draft speech(PDF) (Speech). Function to mark the transfer of responsibility for the TVNZ Archives to the New Zealand Film Archive. Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved16 December 2017.
  32. Ministry for Culture and Heritage (14 February 2013). TVNZ Archive – Update on IP issues (briefing 2014/36)(PDF) (Report). p. 11. Retrieved16 December 2017.
  33. "Video: Preserving the TVNZ Collection". Retrieved28 December 2017.
  34. "Official Information Act request (5402)". Retrieved20 April 2018.
  35. Ministry for Culture and Heritage (21 March 2014). TVNZ Archive transfer – update (briefing 2014/107)(PDF) (Report). p. 16. Retrieved16 December 2017.
  36. "Memorandum of Understanding – Access to TVNZ Archive Collection, between the Ministry for Culture and Heritage and the Department of Internal Affairs"(PDF). Retrieved16 December 2017.
  37. "Crown new guardians of TVNZ Archives" (Press release). New Zealand Government. 2 August 2014. Retrieved16 December 2017.
  38. "Ministry for Culture and Heritage response to Official Information Act request 6578"(PDF). Retrieved16 December 2017.
  39. "Budget 2014: Better access to NZ's TV heritage" (Press release). New Zealand Government. 21 May 2014. Retrieved16 December 2017.
  40. "TVNZ Partners with Brightcove for New onDemand Catch-up TV App – Brightcove". Retrieved2 May 2015.
  41. "OD Firsts | TVNZ Ondemand | Television New Zealand | Entertainment | TV One, TV2". Archived from the original on 19 September 2014.
  42. "Teletext service to end next year". 13 December 2012. Retrieved10 March 2013.
  43. "TVNZ brings TiVo to the nation". One News. 26 March 2009. Retrieved19 November 2011.
  44. Satherley, Dan (2 March 2017). "Digital recording service TiVo shut down". Newshub. Retrieved3 April 2017.
  45. Cardno, James. "History never repeats" New Zealand Listener. 27 September – 3 October 2003 Vol 190 No 3307
  46. "Network New Zealand". www.nzonscreen.com. 1985. Retrieved11 August 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  47. "TVNZ moving Good Morning, selling Avalon studio". The Dominion Post. 5 April 2011. Retrieved17 September 2011.
  48. Tom Hunt and Paul Easton (11 April 2011). "The rise and fall of Avalon". The Dominion Post. Retrieved17 September 2011.
  49. Drinnan, John (17 December 2010). "Mallard sees red over Avalon Studios". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved17 September 2011.
  50. "Christchurch building to be imploded". Stuff. Retrieved2 May 2015.
  51. "Taylor credits staff, partners, wife for success". Retrieved2 May 2015.
  52. "Memorandum of Understanding – Ministry of Civil Defence & Emergency Management and Television New Zealand Limited and Canwest TVWorks Limited"(PDF). Ministry of Civil Defence & Emergency Management. Ministry of Civil Defence & Emergency Management. Retrieved1 January 2015.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toTVNZ.

TVNZ Article Talk Language Watch Edit Television New Zealand redirects here For New Zealand television in general see Television in New Zealand Television New Zealand Maori Te Reo Tataki o Aotearoa more commonly referred to as TVNZ is a television network that is broadcast throughout New Zealand and parts of the Pacific region All of its currently operating channels are free to air and commercially funded Television New Zealand LimitedOur Nation Our VoiceNative nameMaori Te Reo Tataki o AotearoaTypeCrown entityIndustryBroadcast televisionPredecessorTelevision OneSouth Pacific TelevisionFoundedFebruary 1980 42 years ago 1980 02 HeadquartersAuckland New ZealandNumber of locationsNew ZealandArea servedNationally New Zealand and some Pacific Island nations such as the Cook Islands Fiji and the Solomon IslandsKey peopleSimon Power CEO ProductsTelevisionRevenueNZ 310 673 000 2019 1 Net incomeNZ 2 872 000 2019 1 Total assets43 2 2019 1 OwnerMinister of Finance 50 Minister of Broadcasting 50 2 DivisionsTVNZ 1TVNZ 2TVNZ DukeSubsidiariesFormer TV stationsTVNZ Sport Extra 2009 TVNZ 6 2011 TVNZ 7 2012 U 2013 TVNZ Heartland 2015 TVNZ Kidzone 2016 Websitewww wbr tvnz wbr co wbr nz TVNZ was established in February 1980 following the merger of the two government owned television networks Television One now TVNZ 1 and South Pacific Television now TVNZ 2 under a single administration It was the sole television broadcaster in New Zealand until November 1989 when private channel TV3 now Three was launched TVNZ operates playout services from its Auckland studio via Kordia s fibre and microwave network for TVNZ 1 TVNZ 2 and TVNZ Duke with new media video services via the American owned Brightcove which is streamed on the Akamai RTMP HLS DNS based caching network Its former channels include TVNZ Kidzone closed 30 April 2016 TVNZ Heartland closed 31 May 2015 TVNZ U closed August 2013 TVNZ 7 closed June 2012 TVNZ 6 closed 2011 and TVNZ Sport Extra closed 2009 Approximately 90 of TVNZ s revenue is from commercial activity such as advertising and merchandising 3 The remainder of its funding comes from government funding agencies There has been reoccurring debate about TVNZ s role and whether it should be treated as a public service broadcaster or a fully commercial network and the current government plans to create a replacement public media entity 4 Contents 1 History 1 1 Formation 1 2 Role as public broadcaster 1 3 Digital era 1 4 Conflicts 1 5 Replacement proposal 2 Governance 2 1 Board of directors 2 2 Charter 3 Channels 3 1 TVNZ 1 3 2 TVNZ 2 3 3 TVNZ Duke 3 4 Timeshift channels 4 Other services 4 1 TVNZ Archive 4 2 TVNZ 4 3 Teletext 4 4 TiVo 4 5 Discontinued services 5 Transmission network 5 1 High Definition 5 2 Kordia formerly BCL TVNZ s transmission partner 5 3 Geographic history 5 4 DVB S availability 5 5 Civil Defence 5 6 Details prior to December 2013 digital switchover 5 6 1 Technical notes 5 6 2 NICAM stereo 6 Competitors 7 New Zealand shows 8 References 9 External linksHistory EditOwnership Channel Year 1 2 6 7 11 13 14 18 20 Sky 17 Sky 46Separate 1960 NZBC TV N A N A N A N A N A N A N A N A N A N A1975 TV One TV21976 South Pacific TelevisionTVNZ 1980 TV21989 Channel 21995 TV22007 TVNZ 6 TVNZ Sport Extra2008 TVNZ 72010 N A TVNZ Heartland2011 U TVNZ Kidzone242012 TV One Plus 12013 TV One Plus 1 TV2 120142015 TVNZ Pop up N A2016 Duke N ATVNZ 1 TVNZ 2 TVNZ 1 1 TVNZ 2 1 TVNZ Duke2018 TVNZ Games ExtraN A2020 TVNZ Duke 12022 TVNZ Duke TVNZ 1 1 N AFormation Edit TVNZ was created in February 1980 through the merger of Television One and South Pacific Television which was renamed TV2 Until January 1989 it was paired with Radio New Zealand as the Broadcasting Corporation of New Zealand BCNZ 5 The broadcaster was initially based in Television One s former headquarters at the Avalon television centre in Lower Hutt with TV One broadcasting out of Avalon and TV2 broadcasting out of Auckland However over the course of the 1980s operations were gradually moved to Auckland In 1989 TVNZ moved to a new television centre in central Auckland Broadcasting in New Zealand was deregulated in 1989 Private broadcasters were allowed to operate in competition to TVNZ 5 The Broadcasting Act 1989 also established the organisation now called NZ on Air which funds public broadcasting and independent media production in New Zealand 6 Role as public broadcaster Edit See also Public broadcasting in New Zealand TVNZ s fourth logo from 2004 to 2012 The Labour led government under Helen Clark from 1999 to 2008 pursued a programme of public broadcasting reforms New Zealand s wide ranging adoption of neoliberal policies in the mid 1980s and 1990s had large sections of the state sector privatised As a state owned enterprise TVNZ enjoyed enormous commercial success sustaining two thirds of the overall audience share and paid the Crown substantial dividends over 250 million between 1989 and 1999 However the commercial success had been achieved through an unabashed pursuit of ratings through populist and tabloid content and prior to the 1999 election the National led government was evidently positioning TVNZ for commercialisation Labour led administrations since 1999 explicitly recognised the market failures of a wholly commercial broadcasting sector e g saturation level advertising low levels of local content heavy reliance on cheap imports and a disregard for quality genres and in depth news and current affairs and re emphasised television s cultural and democratic functions in their policy thinking The Clark government s highest profile broadcasting reform to date was the restructuring of TVNZ as a Crown entity in 2003 7 This introduced a dual remit whereby the broadcaster had to maintain its commercial performance continuing dividend payments to the Crown while simultaneously implementing a new public service Charter The TVNZ Charter would require the negotiation and reconciliation of potentially contradictory commercial and public service imperatives The final version of the TVNZ Charter included a range of public service objectives and expectations However this dual remit precluded any transformation of TVNZ into fully fledged public service broadcaster and TVNZ s efforts to balance its pursuit of commercial performance and Charter objectives were soon being criticised Despite some investment in local content including new documentaries and discussion programmes the content on TV One and TV2 remained similar to the pre charter schedules with a continuing high proportion of light entertainment and reality TV shows TVNZ continues to pay dividends to the Crown However from 2006 until 2009 TVNZ received 15 11 million each year from Government to assist it with fulfilling Charter obligations There was much debate about the initial secrecy surrounding funding allocations and the programmes supported The allocation of 5 million toward coverage of the 2008 Olympics the rights for which are secured by a competitive tender between broadcasters was possibly the most controversial In 2009 the Government gave control of that funding to funding agency NZ On Air NZ On Air announced the creation of the contestable Platinum Fund in April 2009 setting aside the 15 11 million for high quality drama documentary and other programme types Following the election of a National Party led government under John Key in 2008 the Charter was abolished in favour of a return to the 1990s model of a full commercial broadcaster 8 There is much debate on the future of TVNZ which focuses on the nature of public service broadcasting and its commercial role An example was in a memo called A More Public Broadcaster written by outgoing Chief Executive Ian Fraser to the board of TVNZ in October 2005 was obtained and released by Green MP Sue Kedgley The memo outlined three four options These were TV One as a fully non commercial network like ABC in Australia charged with delivering Charter values and possibly merging with Radio New Zealand and Maori Television TV One a semi commercial broadcaster with no more than six minutes of advertisements an hour like SBS in Australia TV One and TV2 remaining unchanged but two new public service channels being broadcast via digital television 9 TV One and TV2 are now fully commercial with 15 20 minutes of ads per hour plus ads overplayed over programs On 15 February 2006 a group of 31 prominent New Zealanders signed an open letter published as a full page newspaper advertisement calling for better quality programmes and less advertising on TVNZ These included mountaineer Sir Edmund Hillary and former governors general Sir Michael Hardie Boys and Dame Catherine Tizard However they were accused of being out of touch and nostalgic for local programmes from the 1970s and 1980s when New Zealand had only one or two TV channels While the Broadcasting Minister Steve Maharey ruled out turning TVNZ into an entirely non commercial broadcaster on 25 February 2006 he stated that the Labour Government was pretty much settled on the introduction of two new free to air non commercial channels available via digital television 10 One screening high end international documentaries re runs of One News and minority programmes with a high local content and another primarily for children screening serious drama and arts at night These channels would eventually become known as TVNZ 7 and TVNZ 6 respectively Digital era Edit In early 2006 TVNZ purchased Harmonic branded H 262 encoding equipment for the upcoming Freeview DTH service which is an Electra 1000 on the fly video re encoder 11 On 14 November 2006 TVNZ announced plans to launch two commercial free digital channels The first with the working title TVNZ News 24 would feature news sport and special interest content and be launched in late 2007 This would be followed by a channel featuring children s families arts and documentary programming with the working title of TVNZ Home in early 2008 12 While 80 per cent of the programming would be local content 70 per cent of this would consist of repeats from TVNZ s existing channels or its archive In April 2008 TVNZ made another purchase of more H 264 encoding equipment for the upcoming Freeview HD DTT service which are the Electra 7000 for HD and Electra 5400 for SD on the fly video re encoders 11 The proposal was criticised by TV3 which accused the Government of bailing out TVNZ and argued that the money would be better spent on new programming Although Sue Kedgely welcomed the decision to make the channels including children s programming commercial free she accused the Government of tight fistedness 13 In late 2011 TVNZ and its pay TV rival Sky Network Television announced the joint venture Igloo which is to provide a low cost pay TV service for households not currently covered by Freeview or Sky Igloo closed in 2017 14 TVNZ s previous logo from 2012 until 2016 In mid 2013 TVNZ changed its on screen branding to a more flat modern look 15 TVNZ went fully digital in December 2013 with the accompanying shutdown of the analogue transmitters to free up spectrum for telecommunications use 16 In January 2017 TVNZ launched their New Blood Web Series Competition supported by NZ On Air The competition is calling for aspiring content creators to submit a web series pilot episode The winner will receive 100 000 to make a complete web series which will launch through TVNZ s online channels 17 Conflicts Edit In addition to debates over whether TVNZ should be a public broadcaster or a commercial one there have been other controversies For 3 weeks in January February 1999 John Hawkesby became a weekday newsreader for One News replacing Richard Long who moved to presenting weekend bulletins alongside Liz Gunn The change was short lived and Hawkesby received a 5 2m payout In 2000 the Broadcasting Standards Authority ruled against TVNZ over inaccuracies in a news story about the drug Lyprinol which was erroneously touted as a cure for cancer 18 In 2004 current affairs veteran of 15 years Paul Holmes sparked a public outcry after he referred to United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan as a cheeky darkie on his radio show on Newstalk ZB and subsequently chose not to renew his contract at TVNZ Also in 2004 there was the public outcry over newsreader Judy Bailey s 800 000 salary package negotiated with head of news and current affairs at TVNZ Bill Ralston she finished her final 12 month contract the following year after 34 years working at the broadcaster In late 2010 TVNZ garnered criticism over various comments made by Breakfast host Paul Henry Henry had referred to Delhi Commonwealth Games organiser Sheila Dikshit as the dip shit woman and Dick Shit going on to state that it s so appropriate because she s Indian so she d be dick in shit wouldn t she do you know what I mean Walking along the street she s just so funny isn t she 19 Henry also questioned whether the Governor General of New Zealand Anand Satyanand was even a New Zealander going on to ask Are you going to choose a New Zealander who looks and sounds like a New Zealander this time are we going to go for someone who is more like a New Zealander this time 20 21 Following widespread public complaints and official criticism Henry was suspended from TVNZ for 2 weeks without pay eventually resigning from the broadcaster Henry s resignation polarised the New Zealand public with supporters claiming he was a victim of political correctness and critics accusing him of pandering to the lowest common denominator 22 Replacement proposal Edit Renewing previous debate about the role of TVNZ as a commercial broadcaster the Sixth Labour Government has announced a proposal to disestablish TVNZ and RNZ and establish a single public media entity The television and radio broadcaster would have a public service role to provide content on a variety of platforms some of which may be advertising free 4 The proposal is in early stages 23 In late December 2021 former National Party Member of Parliament Simon Power was appointed as the chief executive of TVNZ Power had recently stepped down as acting chief of Westpac Bank when the bank appointed Catherine McGrath as chief executive in November 2021 Power is scheduled to assume the position in March 2022 24 Governance Edit TVNZ headquarters in Auckland Board of directors Edit The TVNZ Board is the governing board of Television New Zealand It is appointed by the Minister of Broadcasting Communications and Digital Media who is currently update Kris Faafoi 25 As of August 2017 update the directors are the chairperson Dame Therese Walsh Wellington deputy chairperson Andy Coupe Hamilton Abby Foote Christchurch Cameron Harland Lower Hutt Toko Kapea Wellington Kevin Malloy Auckland Julia Raue Auckland and Susan Turner Auckland 26 27 Charter Edit The Fifth Labour Government introduced a TVNZ Charter in 2002 28 This was a list of objectives for TVNZ which specified it must broadcast a wide variety of New Zealand made content the broadcaster was given public responsibility to provide news drama documentaries and promote understanding of the diversity of cultures 29 In 2008 the Government announced that the broadcaster was to become more public service like TVNZ responded by launching two commercial free channels TVNZ 6 and TVNZ 7 By 2011 Prime Minister John Key announced the closure of these channels 6 in 2011 and 7 in mid 2012 with much of their content put into TVNZ Heartland and TVNZ Kidzone24 which are only available behind a Sky TV paywall 30 The Fifth National Government abolished the Charter in 2011 29 Political opponents accused the Government of reducing TVNZ s commitments as a public broadcaster 29 Channels Edit Satellite dish on roof of TVNZ Building Hobson Street Auckland CBD TVNZ 1 Edit Main article TVNZ 1 TVNZ 1 is TVNZ s flagship channel Launched on 1 June 1960 it has a broad range of programming including news sport food drama and comedy Its news service is 1 News and its sports division is 1 Sport The channel once the traditional home of television sport has since lost the rights to most of the world s main sporting events including the Olympics and All Blacks test matches to pay television competitor Sky TVNZ s outside broadcasting division Moving Pictures provided the production facilities for such events with 8 OB trucks across the country This wound up in the mid 2000s TVNZ 1 also broadcasts rural focused programmes such as Country Calendar and Rural Delivery Maori community presentations such as Waka Huia Marae Investigates and Te Karere a daily Te Reo news bulletin and shows for minorities such as Attitude Neighbourhood A Taste of Home and Tagata Pasifika Elsewhere TVNZ 1 specialises in food shows including the locally produced Masterchef and international shows mostly from the BBC and Network Ten Australia TVNZ 2 Edit Main article TVNZ 2 TVNZ 2 targets a younger audience than TVNZ 1 Launched on 30 June 1975 its line up consists of dramas sitcoms comedies children s programming and reality shows most of which are produced in New Zealand or imported from the United States Locally produced content includes Shortland Street Motorway Patrol and What Now and international shows which are predominantly American include The Big Bang Theory The Simpsons and The Walking Dead TVNZ 2 is sold by TVNZ as the home of entertainment TVNZ Duke Edit Main article TVNZ Duke TVNZ Duke was launched on 20 March 2016 It broadcasts between the hours of 6pm and midnight although it occasionally screens live sport events outside of these hours It screens programming targeted at a male audience with comedy and drama series such as Two and a Half Men Family Guy MythBusters The Late Late Show with James Corden It also screens a number of sporting events such as the Men s and Women s Hockey Pro Leagues and the Dream11 Super Smash domestic cricket tournament Timeshift channels Edit TVNZ broadcasts timeshift channels of its three television channels These broadcast the Auckland feed delayed by one hour TVNZ 1 1 was launched on 1 July 2012 replacing TVNZ 7 TVNZ 2 1 was launched on 1 September 2013 replacing TVNZ U TVNZ Duke 1 was launched on 17 November 2020 citation needed Other services EditInternationally TVNZ has helped provide television services in Pacific Island nations such as the Cook Islands Fiji and the Solomon Islands While TVNZ provides much of the programming scheduling and continuity are done locally Because of its history TVNZ has inherited and developed its own services in the production and broadcasting services area These include The New Zealand Television Archive production facilities television school TVNZ Archive Edit Main article Television New Zealand Archive The TVNZ Archive collection contains over 600 000 hours of television spanning almost 55 years of New Zealand s public television history 31 It includes iconic New Zealand content such as documentaries dramas sports programmes 32 and every TVNZ news broadcast from December 1986 to 2014 33 34 In a 2014 briefing to Minister Craig Foss the Ministry for Culture and Heritage noted that the long term preservation of the TVNZ Archive collection did not align with broadcaster s business needs and that transferring the collection to the Crown would allow for the proper preservation of the collection 35 Both the Ministry and TVNZ explicitly wanted to ensure the archive was preserved and that it was made increasingly available for re use through online streaming and other means 36 On 1 August 2014 guardianship of the archive collection was transferred to the Crown 37 Budget 2014 included 24 4 million to facilitate the transfer and ongoing management of the archive Of that 11 32 million was for the purchase of the TVNZ Archive facility at Avalon including land building fixtures fittings and plant 5 066 million was for the depreciation and capital charge of the facility and 8 million spread over four years was for the ongoing management of the archive 38 The building and land were transferred to the Department of Internal Affairs and the Ministry for Culture and Heritage took over guardianship of the collection 39 The Ministry appointed Nga Taonga Sound amp Vision as the initial archive manager TVNZ Edit Main article TVNZ TVNZ is Television New Zealand s on demand streaming platform TVNZ OnDemand was launched 20 March 2007 and is available on PlayStation 3 and PlayStation 4 via the TVNZ app on PlayStation Network for New Zealanders It is also available on FreeviewPlus iOS Android Xbox One and Windows 10 The content uses geotargeting for New Zealand only connections via a US based Brightcove media company using the Akamai RTMP network with some local content being made available to an international audience via their YouTube channel At the end of 2012 the contract with Brightcove was expanded to include streaming to iOS devices via the Akamai HLS network 40 From 2012 citation needed TVNZ OnDemand began uploading episodes of select shows prior to their airing on TVNZ channels and usually within a day of their original overseas airings although sometimes this was weeks or months after their international airing In September 2014 it was announced that episodes of seventeen shows would be uploaded within a day of their airings in the US coinciding with the 2014 2015 season 41 One of the shows Manhattan Love Story was cancelled by the US network ABC but episodes continued to be uploaded to TVNZ OnDemand in line with their intended US airings making TVNZ the de facto original broadcaster of the series On 1 May 2016 01 06 am when TVNZ Kidzone channel version closed it is now on TVNZ OnDemand with lot of the shows to watch it is still use the former channel programs On June 13th the service rebranded to TVNZ after on Friday 10 TVNZ sent an email out to staff saying exciting upgrade coming for TVNZ OnDemand Teletext Edit Main article TVNZ Teletext TVNZ began a teletext service in 1984 originally with the intention to help New Zealand s deaf community get improved access to news and information A captioning service was available for certain television shows and could be accessed by browsing to page 801 The TVNZ Teletext service could be received on all TVNZ channels and the TVNZ service could be received on TV3 including captioning of some TV3 shows Trackside also operated a Teletext service called TAB Text which only displayed the racing pages of Teletext A Teletext capable television was usually required to receive Teletext With the arrival of digital television services such as Freeview Teletext could be received through a Freeview decoder In this case captions were normally accessed by subtitle button on a Freeview remote In December 2012 TVNZ announced the closure of their Teletext service from 3 April 2013 The captioning service will however continue to be available TVNZ cited the reasons for the closure due to a decline in use particularly since most services are now available from the TVNZ website or other websites 42 TiVo Edit On 26 March 2009 TVNZ announced that it had acquired a 33 stake in Hybrid Television Services 67 owned by Australia s Seven Media Group Hybrid TV is the exclusive licensee of TiVo products in Australia and New Zealand On the same day it was announced that TiVo would be arriving in New Zealand by Christmas 2009 Hybrid launched it in Australia in July 2008 43 The TiVo service was discontinued on 31 October 2017 44 Discontinued services Edit Between 1995 and 1997 TVNZ operated a network of regional TV stations under the Horizon Pacific name and through a subsidiary called Horizon Pacific Television Its broadcast content included BBC World and NZ documentary programming The network consisted of newly formed stations ATV in Auckland Coast to Coast in Hamilton Capital Television in Wellington and Southern Television in Dunedin TVNZ subsequently also purchased CTV based in Christchurch CTV continues to broadcast but is no longer owned by TVNZ Horizon Pacific Television logos for ATV Coast to Coast Capital and Southern TV Horizon Pacific was replaced by a local free to air version of the music video channel MTV based on MTV s UK service and local programming although the channel was dropped in 1998 Prior to MTV s demise TVNZ had bought the channel s competitor Max TV 45 TVNZ also operated a satellite services division organising and downlink facilities and across the globe but this service was wound down in 2005 TVNZ operated TVNZ 6 from 2007 to 2011 TVNZ 6 was a digital only commercial free television channel It was available in 60 3 of New Zealand homes on the Freeview and Sky Television Digital platforms TVNZ 6 was on air daily from 6 am to midnight TVNZ 7 was launched in March 2008 and was a commercial free news and information channel It was available via the Freeview and Sky platforms The New Zealand Government under Prime Minister John Key and Broadcasting Minister Jonathan Coleman decided to discontinue funding for TVNZ 7 The final broadcast ended at midnight on 30 June 2012 TVNZ 7 was replaced with time shift channel TV One Plus 1 now TVNZ 1 1 TVNZ launched U on 13 March 2011 U was a 24 hour youth orientated channel available via both Freeview and Sky TVNZ U was launched to fill the gap when TVNZ 6 closed in 2011 TVNZ U specialised in musical tastes reality gaming fashion and informative youth orientated documentaries On 29 July 2013 TVNZ announced that the channel would be closed on 31 August 2013 and be replaced by a time shift channel TV2 1 now TVNZ 2 1 TVNZ Heartland was a pay TV channel that launched on the Sky Television platform on 1 June 2010 It was TVNZ s first channel available exclusively on a pay TV platform and featured 100 New Zealand made programming mostly sourced from the TVNZ archives The channel closed in May 2015 TVNZ ceased delivering its Pacific Service in October 2015 The service was taken over by Pacific Cooperation Broadcasting Limited who expanded the service in February 2016 as Pasifika TV The service became a collaboration of all major New Zealand broadcasters as opposed to just TVNZ The transition of the service meant that it was now funded by Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade and the objectives were broadened beyond supplying content to focus on strengthening partnerships in the Pacific by building capacity and capabilities amongst the respective Pacific free to air broadcasters Transmission network EditHigh Definition Edit TVNZ has offered HD broadcasts since July August 2008 when the 2008 Summer Olympics were broadcast in High Definition The service is offered on the Freeview HD platform using DVB T transmission Only TV One and TV2 are offered in HD and the majority of programming is still up converted from Standard Definition From 1 July 2009 the HD versions of TV One and TV2 became available to Sky TV subscribers who have the MySky HDi decoders Content on the HD versions of TV One and 2 are the same as the Standard Definition versions however when watching certain shows that broadcast in High Definition the HD logo is displayed next to the channel logo this logo is not seen when watching the same show on the Standard Definition versions of TV1 and 2 TVNZ has adopted 1080i as their HD broadcast format Kordia formerly BCL TVNZ s transmission partner Edit TVNZ s transmission network is operated by Kordia formerly a subsidiary of TVNZ known as Broadcast Communications Limited until 2006 The company owns and operates the terrestrial transmission network used for broadcast of all major terrestrial television networks in New Zealand including Discovery New Zealand and Prime Television TVNZ s major competitors along with other voice and data telecommunications services Geographic history Edit TVNZ s primary television channel TV One is provided as four distinct terrestrial feeds localising to viewers within and around the Auckland Waikato Wellington and Christchurch regions Localised satellite feeds were made available in 2010 to channel locked SD receivers Localised content currently only consists of targeted regional advertising spots toward the end of a commercial break Localised regional news programming was discontinued in the late 1980s and all localised versions for TV2 were discontinued in the early 2000s in favour of only national advertising TVNZ s predecessor NZBC started as distinct stations in Auckland Wellington Christchurch and Dunedin Nationwide networked services were first introduced in July 1969 to broadcast the Apollo 11 landing footage flown in specially from Australia from Wellington simultaneously across all stations However the network was still incomplete and in some places outside broadcast vans were strategically placed to temporarily complete missing links The network was fully completed in November that year The national television network consisted of microwave links linking the major transmitters via intermediate repeaters In 1985 the microwave network extended from Maungataniwha in Northland to Obelisk in Central Otago via Auckland Waikato Taupo Hawke s Bay with a spur to Gisborne Manawatu with a spur to Taranaki Wairarapa Wellington Marlborough with a spur to Nelson and the West Coast Canterbury Dunedin and Southland Broadcast relay stations served areas off the microwave network 46 TVNZ also used to run telethons up until 1990 at locations around the country viewers would be shown full coverage of the Telethon nearest their location Originally when TVNZ began broadcasting TV One and TV2 on Sky Digital at the end of 2001 viewers would see only nationwide or Auckland advertisements when watching these channels through the Sky Digital service In 2004 this was expanded to show one of three feeds for regional advertising spots targeting Auckland Wellington or Christchurch with viewers outside of these regions seeing advertisements from the closest region This was again dropped in March 2007 with a return to only nationwide advertising on TVNZ channels on Sky Digital before being reintroduced through the Freeview SD service Regional advertising spots are only shown on TV One on both Digital and Analogue platforms however those that receive the HD version of TV One through their HD receiver will only see Auckland advertisements Standard DVB satellite receivers will scan in all versions to be selected by the viewer Wellington based Avalon Studios long a nucleus of TV production in New Zealand was finally put up for sale by TVNZ in 2011 with most of its remaining shows relocating to Auckland completing a trend of northward drift by the broadcaster 47 48 TV production was spread evenly around the country in the 1970s but according to Wellington based TV personalities the drift to Auckland began in 1980 with the formation of TVNZ and the subsequent relocation of the TV One newsroom and headquarters to Auckland under then Prime Minister Rob Muldoon 49 In Christchurch the original TVNZ studios were located at Gloucester Street in the NZBC owned building used to broadcast 3YA and 3ZB A 14 storey building was also built on Worcester Street as studios for various TVNZ shows notable shows to be filmed here included What Now and The Son of a Gunn Show In 1998 TVNZ closed its Christchurch studios What Now was moved to the Wellington based Avalon Studios for a few years but moved back to Christchurch to be filmed at the privately owned Whitebait studios Prior to the 2011 Christchurch earthquake on 22 February the Worcester Street building continued to house Christchurch radio stations previously owned by RNZ and now owned by NZME formerly The Radio Network stations included Newstalk ZB Classic Hits 97 7 and 91ZM The Gloucester Street building remained as Christchurch based newsroom for TVNZ until the building was badly damaged in the quake and has since been demolished The Worcester Street building was demolished on 5 August 2012 by implosion 50 The Dunedin studios were used to film many iconic shows such as Play School University Challenge Beauty and the Beast and Spot On When TVNZ scaled back its Dunedin studios in 1989 they were purchased by Ian Taylor the founder of Animation Research and Taylormade Media 51 DVB S availability Edit TV One TV2 and the hour delayed versions are available in the clear over DVB S on Optus D1 as standard definition only A Sky set top box is not required any satellite set top box or tuner will work However the high definition versions on DVB S2 are scrambled and require a Sky Television H 264 set top box such as MySky which costs the price of a basic subscription plus addition MySky rental fee Civil Defence Edit TVNZ s functions are subject to lifeline utility requirements under NZ civil defence legislation 52 In practice this status as a lifeline utility requires TVNZ to be able to function at least to a reduced level after an emergency and to provide advice to civil defence authorities when requested Details prior to December 2013 digital switchover Edit Technical notes Edit New Zealand uses PAL B 7 MHz channel spacing on VHF and PAL G 8 MHz channel spacing on UHF While Australia also uses PAL B on VHF the frequency allocations of NZ differ somewhat from Australia Australia uses PAL B 7 MHz channel spacing for UHF so most UHF channels are on different frequencies For stereo sound New Zealand uses NICAM on a non standard offset from the monaural FM audio signal while Australia uses the standard European offset for A2 Stereo With NICAM being a digital signal it has a higher chance of drop out over distance and from interference than A2 Stereo Because of these differences some Australian TV sets when taken to NZ are only capable of mono sound reproduction and many VHF channels may not be received properly or come in at all TVNZ for historical and technical reasons uses the greatest number of VHF frequencies in New Zealand NICAM stereo Edit New Zealand has a near nationwide implementation of NICAM stereo sound for TV One and TV2 NICAM stereo was first made available on TV2 in the Auckland region in 1989 also during the early 1990s Simulated Stereo was available in Wellington on TV2 NICAM stereo was not rolled out to the rest of the country or onto TV One until 1996 and for some regions such as Southland NICAM was not available until 2001 Rival network Three has offered NICAM stereo in all available regions since its launch in 1989 this is also the case with Prime TV Stereo sound is available on all TVNZ channels if accessed through Sky Digital or Freeview Competitors EditTVNZ s major competitors in the television market are Warner Bros Discovery s Three Bravo Eden and Rush Sky s Prime Maori TelevisionNew Zealand shows EditMain article List of programmes broadcast by TVNZReferences Edit a b c TVNZ Annual Report 2019 PDF tvnz co nz 29 August 2019 Retrieved 6 November 2019 Television New Zealand Limited Shareholdings companies govt nz Retrieved 6 November 2019 1 Archived 12 May 2015 at the Wayback Machine IAB New Zealand website a b Patterson Jane 13 November 2019 Govt to consider replacing RNZ TVNZ with new public broadcaster The New Zealand Herald Retrieved 24 October 2021 a b The Competition Arrives INSIDE TVNZ tvnz co nz TVNZ Retrieved 24 October 2021 Broadcasting Act 1989 No 25 as at 21 March 2017 Public Act Contents New Zealand Legislation www legislation govt nz Retrieved 24 October 2021 Television New Zealand Act 2003 No 1 as at 23 July 2011 Public Act New Zealand Legislation www legislation govt nz Retrieved 24 October 2021 TVNZ Charter abolished Newshub 13 July 2011 Retrieved 23 November 2016 Chief outlines major problem at TVNZ NZHerald 13 December 2005 Retrieved 23 November 2016 Troubles on the TV The New Zealand Herald 25 February 2006 Retrieved 23 October 2021 a b Television New Zealand Launches New Freeview HD and SD Digital Terrestrial Service with Harmonic s Video Solutions Harmonic Inc Retrieved 2 May 2015 A Momentous Day for TVNZ Scoop News Digital television funding falls short of vision Scoop News Igloo to close down in 2017 www guide2 co nz Retrieved 24 October 2021 Logos TVNZ Planit Toolbox TVNZ Retrieved 1 January 2015 Going Digital Home Retrieved 2 May 2015 TVNZ New Blood Web Series Opens Scoop News Ministry of Health and Television New Zealand Ltd 2000 030 2000 031 Broadcasting Standards Authority Retrieved 22 October 2015 Dikshit giggles New Henry drama Stuff 6 October 2010 Retrieved 6 October 2010 TVNZ s Paul Henry slammed over Governor General remarks The Spy Report Media Spy 4 October 2010 Retrieved 4 October 2010 Henry causes a stir again Stuff 4 October 2010 Retrieved 4 October 2010 Vass Beck 15 January 2011 Henry foes fans evenly split The New Zealand Herald Retrieved 19 November 2011 Parker Stephen 16 March 2021 TVNZ RNZ merger Who holds the cards Newsroom Retrieved 24 October 2021 TVNZ appoints Simon Power as CEO The New Zealand Herald 21 December 2021 Retrieved 21 December 2021 a href wiki Template Cite news title Template Cite news cite news a CS1 maint url status link Hon Kris Faafoi Beehive govt nz Retrieved 6 December 2021 TVNZ board appointments beehive govt nz New Zealand Government 28 April 2017 Retrieved 26 August 2017 Our Board TVNZ Retrieved 26 August 2017 TVNZ Draft Charter TVNZ 3 June 2001 Archived from the original on 3 June 2001 Retrieved 28 April 2017 a href wiki Template Cite web title Template Cite web cite web a CS1 maint bot original URL status unknown link a b c Burr Lloyd 7 December 2011 TVNZ Charter abolished Newshub Retrieved 28 April 2017 Public Disservice Broadcasting The shameful demise of TVNZ7 Retrieved 2 May 2015 Foss Craig 31 July 2014 Draft speech PDF Speech Function to mark the transfer of responsibility for the TVNZ Archives to the New Zealand Film Archive Wellington New Zealand Retrieved 16 December 2017 Ministry for Culture and Heritage 14 February 2013 TVNZ Archive Update on IP issues briefing 2014 36 PDF Report p 11 Retrieved 16 December 2017 Video Preserving the TVNZ Collection Retrieved 28 December 2017 Official Information Act request 5402 Retrieved 20 April 2018 Ministry for Culture and Heritage 21 March 2014 TVNZ Archive transfer update briefing 2014 107 PDF Report p 16 Retrieved 16 December 2017 Memorandum of Understanding Access to TVNZ Archive Collection between the Ministry for Culture and Heritage and the Department of Internal Affairs PDF Retrieved 16 December 2017 Crown new guardians of TVNZ Archives Press release New Zealand Government 2 August 2014 Retrieved 16 December 2017 Ministry for Culture and Heritage response to Official Information Act request 6578 PDF Retrieved 16 December 2017 Budget 2014 Better access to NZ s TV heritage Press release New Zealand Government 21 May 2014 Retrieved 16 December 2017 TVNZ Partners with Brightcove for New onDemand Catch up TV App Brightcove Retrieved 2 May 2015 OD Firsts TVNZ Ondemand Television New Zealand Entertainment TV One TV2 Archived from the original on 19 September 2014 Teletext service to end next year 13 December 2012 Retrieved 10 March 2013 TVNZ brings TiVo to the nation One News 26 March 2009 Retrieved 19 November 2011 Satherley Dan 2 March 2017 Digital recording service TiVo shut down Newshub Retrieved 3 April 2017 Cardno James History never repeats New Zealand Listener 27 September 3 October 2003 Vol 190 No 3307 Network New Zealand www nzonscreen com 1985 Retrieved 11 August 2021 a href wiki Template Cite web title Template Cite web cite web a CS1 maint url status link TVNZ moving Good Morning selling Avalon studio The Dominion Post 5 April 2011 Retrieved 17 September 2011 Tom Hunt and Paul Easton 11 April 2011 The rise and fall of Avalon The Dominion Post Retrieved 17 September 2011 Drinnan John 17 December 2010 Mallard sees red over Avalon Studios The New Zealand Herald Retrieved 17 September 2011 Christchurch building to be imploded Stuff Retrieved 2 May 2015 Taylor credits staff partners wife for success Retrieved 2 May 2015 Memorandum of Understanding Ministry of Civil Defence amp Emergency Management and Television New Zealand Limited and Canwest TVWorks Limited PDF Ministry of Civil Defence amp Emergency Management Ministry of Civil Defence amp Emergency Management Retrieved 1 January 2015 Chief outlines major problem at TVNZ The New Zealand Herald 13 December 2005 retrieved 3 January 2006 TVNZ Annual Report for 2005 Retrieved 3 January 2006 TVNZ Charter 2003 Retrieved 4 January 2006 TVNZ Corporate Brochure 2005 Retrieved 3 January 2006External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to TVNZ Official website Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title TVNZ amp oldid 1092821747, wikipedia, wiki, book,

books

, library,

article

, read, download, free, free download, mp3, video, mp4, 3gp, jpg, jpeg, gif, png, picture, music, song, movie, book, game, games.