fbpx
Wikipedia

"Taizhong" redirects here. For similarly named terms, see Taizong (disambiguation).

Taichung (, Wade–Giles: Tʻai²-chung¹, pinyin: Táizhōng), officially Taichung City, is a special municipality located in central Taiwan. Taichung has approximately 2.82 million residents and is currently the second most populous city of Taiwan. It serves as the core of the Taichung–Changhua metropolitan area, the second largest metropolitan area in Taiwan.

Taichung City
臺中市
Taichū
Flag
Logo
Etymology:Taichū (Japanese:臺中, Taiwan center)
Nickname(s):
Cultural City (文化城)
Coordinates:24°08′38″N120°40′46″E /24.14389°N 120.67944°E /24.14389; 120.67944Coordinates: 24°08′38″N120°40′46″E /24.14389°N 120.67944°E /24.14389; 120.67944
CountryRepublic of China (Taiwan)
Established2010
SeatXitun District
Districts
Government
• Body
MayorLu Shiow-yen (KMT)
Area
Special municipality2,214.90 km2 (855.18 sq mi)
• Urban
492 km2 (190 sq mi)
• Rank6 out of 22
Population
(March 2020)
Special municipality2,816,667
• Rank2 out of 22
• Density1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Urban
2,635,000
• Urban density5,400/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (National Standard Time)
Postal code
400-439
Area code(s)(0)4
ISO 3166 codeTW-TXG
BirdWhite-eared sibia
FlowerTaiwan cherry
TreeTaiwan white pine
Websiteenglish.taichung.gov.tw
Taichung City
"Taichung" in Traditional (top) and Simplified (bottom) Chinese characters
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese臺中
Simplified Chinese台中
Literal meaning"Tai[wan] Central"
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinTáizhōng Shì
Bopomofoㄊㄞˊ ㄓㄨㄥ ㄕˋ
Gwoyeu RomatzyhTairjong Shyh
Wade–GilesTʻai²-chung¹ Shih⁴
Tongyong PinyinTáijhong Shìh
Yale RomanizationTáijūng Shr̀
MPS2Táijūng Shr̀
Hakka
Pha̍k-fa-sṳThòi-chûng-sṳ
Yue: Cantonese
Yale RomanizationTòihjūng Síh
JyutpingToi4zung1 Si5
Southern Min
Hokkien POJTâi-tiong-chhī
Tâi-lôTâi-tiong-tshī
Japanese name
Kanji台中市
Kanaたいちゅうし
Kyūjitai臺中市
Transcriptions
RomanizationTaichū-shi

Located in the Taichung Basin, the city was initially developed from several scattered hamlets. It was designated as Taiwan-fu in the late Qing dynastic era when the city was constructed to be the new capital of Taiwan Province between 1887 and 1894. During the Japanese era from 1895, the urban planning of present-day city of Taichung was performed and developed by the Japanese. The city has since become major economic and cultural hub of central Taiwan and was renamed to the current form, styled as "the Kyoto of Formosa" in the Japanese era because of its calm and beauty. After the start of ROC rule in 1945, the urban area of Taichung was organized as a provincial city, until 25 December 2010, the original provincial city and Taichung County were merged into a new special municipality.

The city is home to the National Museum of Natural Science, the National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts, the National Taichung Theater, the National Library of Public Information, and the National Taiwan Symphony Orchestra, as well as many cultural sites, including the historic Taichung Park, the Lin Family Gardens, and many temples. Taichung is classified as a "Gamma" level global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network.

Contents

Early history

The Atayal Taiwanese aborigines as well as several Taiwanese Plains Aboriginal tribes (including the Taokas, Papora, Pazeh, Hoanya and Babuza people) populated the plains that make up modern Taichung. They were originally hunter gatherers who later lived by cultivating millet and taro. In the 17th century, the Papora, Babuza, Pazeh, and Hoanya established the Kingdom of Middag, occupying the western part of present-day Taichung.[citation needed]

Jishan Gatehouse, built in 1924

Qing Dynasty

In 1682, the Qing dynasty wrested control of western Taiwan from the Cheng family (Kingdom of Tungning). In 1684, Zhuluo County was established, encompassing the underdeveloped northern two-thirds of Taiwan. Modern-day Taichung traces its beginnings to a settlement named Toatun (Chinese:大墩; pinyin: Dàdūn; Wade–Giles: Ta4-tun1; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Toā-tun; lit. 'large mound') in 1705. To strengthen Qing control, a garrison was established in 1721 near the site of present-day Taichung Park by Lan Ting-chen.

North of the city, on the Dajia River, an aboriginal revolt broke out in 1731 after Chinese officials moved in and compelled them to provide labor. The revolt spread through the city as far south as Changhua County in May 1732 before the rebels were chased into the mountains by Qing forces. In 1786, another rebellion against the Qing, known as the Lin Shuangwen rebellion, began as an attempt to overthrow the government and restore the Ming dynasty. Unfortunately, as the rebels moved northward, they turned to slaughter and looting. They were eventually defeated by a coalition of Qing forces, Hakka, Quanzhou Fujianese descendants, and aboriginal volunteers.

When Taiwan Province was declared an independent province in 1887, the government intended to construct its capital city at the centrally located Toatun, which was also designated as the seat of Taiwan Prefecture. Thus the city took the title of "Taiwan-fu", meaning "capital city of Taiwan", from modern-day Tainan, which had held the title for more than 200 years. Qing official Liu Ming-chuan received permission to oversee development of the area, which included constructing a railway through the city. However, the provincial capital was ultimately moved to Taipei.

Empire of Japan

After the Qing dynasty lost the Sino-Japanese War in 1895, Taiwan was ceded to Japan by the Treaty of Shimonoseki, and the name of the city was changed toTaichū (Japanese:臺中). The Japanese sought to develop the city to make it the first "modern" area of Taiwan and invested in roads, dams, and levees. In 1901,Taichū Chō (臺中廳) was established as one of twenty local administrative districts on the island. In 1904, the town of Taichū had a population of 6,423, and Taichū District had more than 207,000.

Taichū Park was completed in 1903. A tower marking the old north gate was moved to the new park where it stands today. The first market in Taichū was built in 1908, along Jiguang Road between the Zhongzheng and Chenggong Roads and it is still in use today. The Japanese undertook a north-south island railway project. Taichū Train Station was completed and began operation in 1917, and still operates today. Taichū City was officially declared by Japanese authorities in 1920, and Taichū City Hall was completed in 1924 after eleven years of construction. Kōkan Airport (公館空港), now known as Taichung Airport, was constructed during Japanese rule.

Taichū Middle School (now known as Taichung First Senior High School) was founded in 1915 by elite members of local gentry, including Lin Hsien-tang and his brother Lin Lieh-tang [zh], two wealthy Taiwanese intellectuals of the era. This was in an effort to teach children the culture of Taiwan and to foster the spirit of the Taiwanese localization movement. The Taiwanese Cultural Association, founded in 1921 in Taipei by Lin Hsien-tang, was moved to Taichū in 1927. Most of the members of this association were from Taichū and the surrounding area. The city became a center of Taiwanese culture and nationalism.

From 1926 to 1945, Taichū Prefecture covered modern-day Taichung as well as Changhua County and Nantou County.

Republic of China

After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China in October 1945, Taichung County was established, which consists of present-day area of Taichung City, Miaoli County and Taoyuan City. In 1947 the first Mayor of Taichung County (which included Taichung City) was Lai Tien Shen. The position was appointed by the government to rule during the interim period. In 1950, Miaoli and Taoyuan were taken out from Taichung County area to form Miaoli County and Taoyuan County respectively. In June 2009, the Executive Yuan approved the plan to merge Taichung City and Taichung County to form a larger Taichung City. On 25 December 2010, the city was merged with the surrounding Taichung County to create a special municipality of 2.65 million people spread across 2,214 km2 (855 sq mi).

Taichung City is located in the Taichung Basin along the main western coastal plain that stretches along the west coast from northern Taiwan almost to the southern tip. The city borders Changhua County, Nantou County, Hualien County, Yilan County, Hsinchu County and Miaoli County.

The Central Mountain Range lies just to the east of the city. Rolling hills run to the north leading to Miaoli County, while flat coastal plains dominate the landscape to the south leading to Changhua County and the Taiwan Strait to the west. The Dadu Plateau lies to the northwest.

Climate

Taichung has a warm humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa) bordering on a tropical monsoon climate, with an average annual temperature of 23.3 °C (73.9 °F). The highest temperature of the year occurs in July and August, while the lowest temperature occurs in January and February. Daytime temperatures remain warm to hot year-round, though night time temperatures during the winter months are significantly cooler than those during the summer and the warm daytime temperature. Its average annual rainfall is just above 1,700 mm (67 in), relatively low compared to other major cities of Taiwan. The average humidity is 80%.

Due to the protection provided by the Central Mountain Range to the east and the Miaoli hills to the north, Taichung is rarely severely affected by typhoons. However, occasional typhoons emerging from the South China Sea can pose a threat to the city as evidenced by Typhoon Wayne in 1986, which struck the west coast of Taiwan near Taichung.

Due to Taichung plain's strong radiative cooling effect[citation needed], Taichung City is one of the few cities of Taiwan where the year round average daily low temperature falls below 20 °C (68 °F), with even most cities of northern Taiwan, such as Taipei and Keelung having an average low of over 20.5 °C (68.9 °F).

Climate data for Taichung
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31.3
(88.3)
32.9
(91.2)
34.7
(94.5)
34.7
(94.5)
36.9
(98.4)
36.8
(98.2)
39.9
(103.8)
39.3
(102.7)
39.0
(102.2)
38.3
(100.9)
34.0
(93.2)
31.7
(89.1)
39.9
(103.8)
Average high °C (°F) 22.0
(71.6)
22.4
(72.3)
24.6
(76.3)
27.6
(81.7)
30.2
(86.4)
31.9
(89.4)
33.0
(91.4)
32.6
(90.7)
31.8
(89.2)
30.1
(86.2)
27.0
(80.6)
23.6
(74.5)
28.1
(82.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 16.6
(61.9)
17.3
(63.1)
19.6
(67.3)
23.1
(73.6)
26.0
(78.8)
27.6
(81.7)
28.6
(83.5)
28.3
(82.9)
27.4
(81.3)
25.2
(77.4)
21.9
(71.4)
18.1
(64.6)
23.3
(73.9)
Average low °C (°F) 12.9
(55.2)
13.9
(57.0)
16.0
(60.8)
19.6
(67.3)
22.6
(72.7)
24.4
(75.9)
25.2
(77.4)
25.1
(77.2)
24.1
(75.4)
21.8
(71.2)
18.2
(64.8)
14.2
(57.6)
19.8
(67.6)
Record low °C (°F) −0.7
(30.7)
−1.0
(30.2)
2.1
(35.8)
8.6
(47.5)
10.8
(51.4)
15.5
(59.9)
20.5
(68.9)
20.0
(68.0)
14.4
(57.9)
10.5
(50.9)
1.4
(34.5)
1.8
(35.2)
−1.0
(30.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 30.3
(1.19)
89.8
(3.54)
103.0
(4.06)
145.4
(5.72)
231.5
(9.11)
331.2
(13.04)
307.9
(12.12)
302.0
(11.89)
164.5
(6.48)
23.2
(0.91)
18.3
(0.72)
25.9
(1.02)
1,773
(69.8)
Average rainy days(≥ 0.1 mm) 6.6 9.2 11.2 11.8 12.2 14.6 12.8 15.4 9.2 2.6 3.7 4.3 113.6
Average relative humidity (%) 74.6 76.8 76.6 77.3 77.1 77.9 75.6 77.6 75.8 72.6 72.7 72.3 75.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 176.6 140.6 149.9 137.8 158.7 160.1 199.6 178.7 175.8 203.7 179.4 182.3 2,043.2
Source:
Historical population
YearPop.±%
1985 1,817,125
1990 2,019,959+11.2%
1995 2,257,950+11.8%
2000 2,460,098+9.0%
2005 2,587,828+5.2%
2010 2,648,419+2.3%
2015 2,744,445+3.6%
Source:"Populations by city and country in Taiwan". Ministry of the Interior Population Census.

Taichung's population was estimated to be 2,816,667 in March 2020. There are slightly more females in the city (50.97%) than males. 24.32% of residents are children, while 16.63% are young people, 52.68% are middle-age, and 6.73% are elderly. According to Ministry of Interior statistics, the fertility rate in Taichung City in 2007 was 1.165 for each woman.

The city surpassed Kaohsiung to become the second largest city in Taiwan in July 2017, growing at the 2nd fastest rate in Taiwan from 2012 to 2017. Recent population increases have been attributed to natural population growth, more people moving to the city, and subsidized housing.

Local politics

Unlike Taipei in the north, which is solidly in the Pan-Blue political camp, and the southern cities of Kaohsiung and Tainan that are solidly Pan-Green, Taichung is more balanced, with the urban city center area leaning Blue and the suburban and rural areas leaning Green. In fact, both major political parties have won a mayoral election among the last four with at least 49 percent of the vote (Democratic Progressive Party in 1997 and 2014 and the Kuomintang in 2001 and 2005). Similarly, the Kuomintang majority in the city council is not as large as it is in other cities, and is only negligible when one excludes Beitun District, which is solidly pro-Kuomintang.

Government

Taichung City's executive branch is headed by mayor Lu Shiow-yen of the Kuomintang. Taichung's legislative branch is a unicameral 46-member City Council. Each member is elected from one of six member districts where each voter has only one vote.

Taichung consists of 29 districts, 28 districts and 1 mountain indigenous district.

Labeled map of Taichung
Name Chinese Taiwanese Hakka Population (Jan 2016) Area (km2)
Central Tiong Chûng 19,020 0.8803
East Tang Tûng 75,171 9.2855
South Lâm Nàm 121,865 6.8101
West 西 Se 115,798 5.7042
North Pak Pet 147,570 6.9376
Beitun (Beituen) 北屯 Pak-tūn Pet-tun 265,497 62.7034
Xitun (Shituen) 西屯 Se-tūn Sî-tun 221,942 39.8467
Nantun (Nantuen) 南屯 Lâm-tūn Nàm-tun 164,647 31.2578
Taiping 太平 Thài-pêng Thai-phìn 184,223 120.7473
Dali 大里 Tāi-lí Thai-lî 212,711 28.8758
Wufeng (Wufong) 霧峰 Bū-hong Vú-fûng 64,708 98.0779
Wuri (Wurih) 烏日 O·-ji̍t Vû-ngit 72,590 43.4032
Fengyuan (Fongyuan) 豐原 Hong-goân Fûng-ngièn 166,729 41.1845
Houli 后里 Aū-lí Heu-lî 54,313 58.9439
Shigang (Shihgang) 石岡 Chio̍h-kng Sa̍k-kóng 15,277 18.2105
Dongshi (Dongshih) 東勢 Tang-sì Tûng-sṳ 51,244 117.4065
Xinshe (Sinshe) 新社 Sin-siā Sîn-sa 25,077 68.8874
Tanzi (Tanzih) 潭子 Thâm-chú Thâm-tsṳ́ 106,613 25.8497
Daya 大雅 Tāi-ngé Thai-ngâ 93,751 32.4109
Shengang 神岡 Sin-kóng Sṳ̀n-kông 65,210 35.0445
Dajia 大甲 Tāi-kah Thai-kap 77,765 58.5192
Qingshui (Cingshuei) 清水 Chheng-chúi Tshîn-súi 86,131 64.1709
Shalu 沙鹿 Soa-la̍k Sâ-lu̍k 89,783 40.4604
Wuqi (Wuci) 梧棲 Gō·-chhe Ǹg-tshi 57,159 18.4063
Daan (Da'an) 大安 Tāi-an Thai-ôn 19,533 27.4045
Dadu 大肚 Tōa-tō͘ Thai-tú 56,654 37.0024
Longjing 龍井 Liông-chéⁿ Liùng-tsiáng 76,696 38.0377
Waipu 外埔 Goā-po͘ Ngoi-phû 31,868 42.4099
Heping 和平 Hô-pêng Fò-phìn 10,707 1037.8192

Inner Taichung refers to the eight former districts of Taichung City before the merger with Taichung County on December 25, 2010. Colors indicate statutory language status of Hakka language in the respective subdivisions. Note that Heping District is also an indigenous area of the Atayal people.

Taichung's financial center, 7th Redevelopment Zone.

Taichung is home to many industries. Taichung's Industrial Zone, located in Xitun District, is home to many factories, while nearby World Trade Center Taichung hosts many industrial conventions every year. Taichung is also home to the Central Taiwan Science Park, known for the many semiconductor factories located there, most notably TSMC. Taichung is also known for its bicycle manufacturing. Notable business located in Taichung include Giant Bicycles, SRAM, and TRP Brakes. Merida Bicycles is also located in nearby Dacun, Changhua.

Taichung is most famous for its suncakes. Taichung's Chun Shui Tang teahouse (春水堂) is where bubble tea was invented.

The recent surge in population resulted in the growth of the retail sector,[citation needed] with the opening of large department stores in Xitun District.

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.(July 2017) ()
Taichung TRA Station
THSR Taichung Station

Rail

Two railways run parallel to each other in Taichung: the Taichung Line, which passes through the urban areas in the interior, and the West Coast Line, which passes through rural areas closer to the coastal shore. Taichung railway station is located in the heart of the city in Central District and numerous bus companies provide connections to other towns by bus.

The THSR Taichung Station is located in Wuri, serving travel demands of both Taichung City and the northern parts of Changhua County. THSR Taichung Station is accessible by local trains, MRT Green Line, as well as free shuttle buses into the city.

Seaport

Taichung Port, located on the coast in Taichung City, is the second largest cargo facility on the island capable of handling container shipping. Despite being the second largest port on the island of Taiwan, there are no passenger ferry services available and the port is closed to unauthorized personnel.

Roads

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.(July 2017) ()

Taichung City generally follows a radial road layout, with its center at Taichung railway station. Major roads start in Central District and run outwards, including Taiwan Boulevard, Xiangshang Road, Zhongqing Road, and Zhongshan Road.

Freeway 1 runs along the Fazi River on the outskirts of the city, while Freeway 3 runs along the Dadu River to the coastal plains on the west, where it then runs parallel to the coastline. Freeway 4 begins in Qingshui District and terminates in Fengyuan District. Highway 74, known as the Taichung Ring Expressway circles the outskirts of the city, while Highway 63, known as the Zhongtou Expressway, runs from Taichung southward to Caotun, Nantou. Many other highways run through the city.

Most road signs in the city have romanized spelling.

Bus

Buses stopping at Taichung Station

The most frequently used public transportation system in Taichung is by bus, with 18 bus companies providing 275 routes that cover all districts. All station names are announced in both Mandarin and English, while some also providing Hokkien pronunciations. For passengers using a contactless smartcard (for example, an EasyCard), the first 10 kilometers are free.

Mass Rapid Transit

Taichung BRT - Providence University station

The city currently has one MRT line, the Green line, which opened on April 25, 2021. Other lines are currently under planning.

For a short period of time, the city operated a bus rapid transit system, named the BRT Blue Line, running down Taiwan Boulevard. It used articulated buses running a specialized lane, a first in Taiwan. The system began operation in July 2014; however, it did little to ameliorate traffic congestion, and was terminated within a year. The lane and specialized bus stops are currently used as a general bus lane, with bus lines 300-310 running through it.

Taichung International Airport

Taichung Airport.
Main article: Taichung Airport

Taichung International Airport is the third and newest international airport in Taiwan. It occupies the western corner of Ching Chuan Kang Air Base (CCK) and is about 20 kilometers (12 mi) from downtown Taichung City. The current airport replaced Shuinan Airport as Taichung's airport in 2004.

Taichung City is in the process of implementing Hanyu Pinyin on road signs throughout the city. However, there are still signs displaying spellings from previously used romanization systems, as well as Tongyong Pinyin and systems that do not conform to any standard system. Unlike Taipei, which uses a capital letter at the beginning of every syllable, Taichung City uses the standard form of Hanyu Pinyin on street signs erected in recent years. However, the municipal website uses the Taipei system. Most major intersections have at least one sign containing some form of romanization. Nearly every intersection in the downtown area has signs in Hanyu Pinyin. However, outside of the downtown area, while coverage by Hanyu Pinyin signs is improving, many intersections have signs in other romanization systems (especially Wade–Giles and MPS2) or no Romanized signs at all.

Museums and cultural centers

  • The National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts houses the world's largest collection of Taiwanese art.
  • National Museum of Natural Science together with National Palace Museum in Taipei and the National Science and Technology Museum in Kaohsiung are called "the Museums of Taiwan". Across 22 acres (89,000 m2), the Museum is a six-venue complex housing the Space IMAX Theater, Science Center, Life Science Hall, Chinese Science Hall, Global Environment Hall and the Botanical Garden, excluding the Earthquake Museum in Wufong, which is dedicated to public education on seismology, located just 10 kilometers east of the main complex of NMNS. Over 30 permanent exhibit areas cover subjects on astronomy, space science, paleontology, ecology, gems and minerals, Taiwanese Aborigines, and tropical plants. Rotating special exhibits are a constant occurrence.
  • Taichung Municipal Cultural Center: The Municipal Cultural Center is located on Yingcai Road on property adjacent to the National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts.
  • Taichung Folklore Park: This park is dedicated to presenting a more traditional Taiwanese way of life. It includes a combination of authentic and recreated buildings and streets in an attempt to recreate a more rustic Taiwan.
  • 921 Earthquake Museum of Taiwan: This museum is located in Wufeng District. With the rebuilding of Kwangfu Junior High on its present site, the Earthquake Memorial Museum was renamed the 921 Earthquake Museum of Taiwan on February 13, 2001. The new plan retains the original sites as a record of the damage wrought by the earthquake, and it also adds technological and educational facilities designed to inform the public and school children about earthquakes and disaster readiness.
  • Asia Museum of Modern Art: This museum is located at Asia University in Wufeng District. On May 4, 2007, Dr. Tsai presented the project plan and officially invited Mr. Tadao Ando to design an art museum for Asia University. Therefore, the main purpose of inviting Tadao Ando to design the museum was to educate students and create the opportunity for them to have contact with art works from masters of international status. This museum provides various and amazing exhibitions which are related to Asian art and modern art.

Temples

Taichung has a large number of temples, many of which hold historic and cultural value. According to a 2018 survey by the city government, Taichung is home to 1,012 registered temples, of which 774 are Taoist and 208 are Buddhist.

The Goddess Mazu is one of the most popular Deity. Jenn Lann Temple is the starting point of the annual Dajia Mazu Pilgrimage, one of two largest such pilgrimages in Taiwan (along with the Baishatun Mazu Pilgrimage). Each year, worshippers carry a litter containing a statue of Mazu and travel 340 km (210 mi) on foot to Xingang, Chiayi and back. Lecheng Temple hosts a similar Eighteen Villages Pilgrimage, where the temple's "Hanxi Mazu" is paraded through eighteen villages for good luck. Other notable Mazu temples include Wanhe Temple and Haotian Temple.

Confucianism is a crucial part of many Chinese cultures. In Taichung, there are two historic major temples dedicated to Wenchang Dijun, the patron deity of literature: Beitun Wenchang Temple and Nantun Wenchang Temple. The Taichung Confucian Temple is a large and relatively new complex dedicated to Confucius himself. There are also several ancestral shrines in Taichung, notably the Lin Family Ancestral Shrine, the Zhang Family Temple, and the Zhang Liao Family Temple.

Many other deities are worshipped in the city, including:

Night markets

Taichung has several open-air night markets that feature local food and diversions:

  • Fengjia Night Market - located adjacent to Feng Chia University. It has been considered as the best night market in Taiwan.
  • Yizhong Street - located at North District, close to Taichung Park. One of the most popular night market in Taichung.
  • Zhonghua Night Market - located in the heart of Central District, along ZhongHua Road.
  • Zhongxiao Night Market - located south of the Taichung Railroad Station around the intersections of ZhongXiao, Taichung and GuoGuang roads.
  • Tunghai Night Market - located at the western side of Xitun, close to border with Longjing. A small street northwest of Tunghai University.
  • Hanxi Night Market-A large night market which is located Hanxi East Road Section 1 at East District.

Hot springs

Taichung has a famous hot spring, Guguan hot spring, located in Heping District.

Performance venues

  • Zhongshan Hall: Zhongshan Hall is a popular venue for a variety of performances including musical, opera, ballet, dance, theatrical, and other performances. Seating capacity is 1,692.
  • Fulfillment Amphitheater: This recently completed outdoor venue is located in the Wenxin Forest Park and is suitable for a wide range of outdoor performances.*Zhongxing Hall at National Taichung Library

Other annual activities

  • The Taichung Jazz Festival takes place annually through the month of October. It features a variety of acts at numerous venues throughout the city.

Professional sports

The Sinon Bulls was a professional baseball team playing in the four-team Chinese Professional Baseball League. While they were identified with Taichung City, many of their “home games” were played outside of the city due to the inadequacies of the old Taichung Baseball Field. The team was expected to move into the newly completed Taichung Intercontinental Baseball Stadium in 2008, but never did. At the end of the 2012 season, Sinon Corporation announced its intention to sell the team. By late December, an agreement was reached between Sinon Corporation and E-United Group, and the team was renamed EDA Rhinos and moved to Kaohsiung. The Special Force II division of the Flash Wolves esports team is known as the Taichung Flash Wolves, the team competed in the Special Force II Pro League (SF2PL) based in Taipei. Taichung is home to Taichung City FC, a club which strives to represent Taichung in soccer tournaments as well as charitable events.

In 2015, after the CTBC Holdings took ownership of the Brother Elephants and renamed the team CTBC Brothers, they made Taichung Intercontinental Baseball Stadium their home as part of the CPBL's effort to establish home fields.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, a professional basketball league P. LEAGUE+ was established in 2020. The league hosted the third stop of the preseason schedule at National Taiwan University of Sport (國立台灣體育運動大學) on November 21 and 22. In the inaugural season 2020-2021, the Formosa Taishin Dreamers have scheduled two of their twelve home games at NTUS.

===Major Sporting Events= Cup Marathon is held on the city's streets every autumn, either in October or November. Recent major sporting events held by Taichung include:

  • China Medical University Hospital (中國醫藥大學附設醫院)
  • Chung Shan Medical University Hospital (中山醫學大學附設醫院)
  • Taichung Veterans Hospital (臺中榮民總醫院)
  • Cheng Ching Hospital (澄清醫院)
  • Jen-Ai Hospital - Dali (大里仁愛醫院)
  • Jen-Ai Hospital - Taichung (臺中仁愛醫院)
  • Taichung Tzu Chi General Hospital (臺中慈濟醫院)
  • Taichung armed force general hospital(國軍台中總醫院)
  • Asia University Hospital (亞洲大學附設醫院)

Notable people:

  • Lin xian tang ( 林獻堂):scholar and politician
  • Shen hong rui ( 沈宏叡):political analyst

Taichung has signed sister city agreements with nineteen cities in nine countries since 1965. They are listed below along with the dates that the agreements were signed.

  1. Former North Shore City merged with Auckland on November 1, 2010.

Words in native languages

  1. 《中華民國統計資訊網》縣市重要統計指標查詢系統網 (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 12 June 2016. Retrieved11 June 2016.
  2. "Demographia World Urban Areas PDF (April 2016)"(PDF). Demographia. Archived(PDF) from the original on 3 May 2018. Retrieved11 June 2016.
  3. 各區人口結構 [Population structure by district]. demographics.taichung.gov.tw (in Traditional Chinese). Archived from the original on 2016-05-30. Retrieved2019-08-08.
  4. "Demographia World Urban Areas PDF"(PDF). Demographia. Archived(PDF) from the original on 2018-05-03. Retrieved2019-11-30.
  5. "市樹、花、鳥介紹" (in Traditional Chinese). 臺中市: 臺中市政府農業局. 2014-06-24. Archived from the original on 2017-04-24. Retrieved2017-04-23.
  6. Longman, J.C. (2008). Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3 ed.). Pearson Education ESL. ISBN 978-1405881173.
  7. 民國106年7月戶口統計資料分析. Ministry of the Interior, ROC. 2017-08-04. Archived from the original on 2017-08-13. Retrieved2017-08-13.
  8. 台中人口超越高雄 躍升第2大城 - 政治 - 自由時報電子報. news.ltn.com.tw. 5 August 2017. Archived from the original on 2019-01-07. Retrieved2019-01-07.
  9. Taichung History Map Walk, publish by Center for Digital Cultures,Academia Sinica,2017,p.23. ISBN 9789860546279
  10. Documentary dated in 1940 "Nanshin Taiwan" (南進台湾) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VbXsatMYVwM Archived 2018-09-03 at the Wayback Machine
  11. http://taiwanjournal.nat.gov.tw/ct.asp?xitem=53774&ctnode=413&mp=9[permanent dead link]
  12. "The World According to GaWC 2020". GaWC - Research Network. Globalization and World Cities. Archived from the original on 24 August 2020. Retrieved31 August 2020.
  13. "From Aboriginal Homeland to Modern City: A Look at Taichung's Rich History". Archived from the original on 2014-12-04. Retrieved2014-11-30.
  14. Roy (2003), p. 27.
  15. Roy (2003), p. 22.
  16. Gardella (1999), p. 164.
  17. Davidson (1903), p. 245: "...the seat of government (which had been formerly at the old town of Taiwan-fu in the south, which city had been in turn the capital of the Dutch, Koxinga, and the Chinese,) was now removed temporarily to the new city of Taipeh, which had been lately in course of construction ... In connection with this, it is necessary to go further and explain that it was the intention of the government to build a new capital city in the center of the island near Changwha. Accordingly, the new city was laid out and the construction of official yamens commenced. The name of the new city became Taiwan-fu, or the capital city of Taiwan (Formosa), and it was also to be the seat of a new prefecture called Taiwan [Prefecture]."
  18. Davidson (1903), pp. 247–8:"To obtain Imperial sanction to the undertaking, Governor Liu represented to the authorities that, if the capital was removed into the interior as they had recommended, it would be necessary, as there were no roads, to construct a railway from the new capital to one of the coast ports, preferably Kelung in the north. This proposition met with sonic opposition in Peking, but eventually Imperial approbation was obtained."
  19. Roy (2003), p. 36.
  20. Takekoshi (1907), pp. 199–200.
  21. "Rezoning Taiwan". Taiwan Today. 1 February 2011. Archived from the original on 12 January 2021. Retrieved9 December 2020.
  22. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-04-15. Retrieved2013-01-11.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  23. "Taichung Geography". Archived from the original on 2006-02-20. Retrieved2006-09-29.
  24. "Taichung Climate Weather Averages". Archived from the original on 2014-03-10. Retrieved2014-03-10.
  25. "Districts & Landmarks". Archived from the original on 2006-02-20. Retrieved2006-09-29.
  26. Joint Typhoon Warning Center. "Typhoon Wayne (12W)"(PDF). Archived from the original(PDF) on 2011-05-06. Retrieved2007-05-04.
  27. "Statistics > Monthly Mean". Central Weather Bureau. Archived from the original on 2009-07-07. Retrieved2009-06-07.
  28. "Archived copy". eng.taichung.gov.tw. Archived from the original on 25 January 2022. Retrieved22 May 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  29. "Taichung's Population". Archived from the original on 2006-09-13. Retrieved2006-09-26.
  30. Juvina Lai (2017-08-02). "Taichung, the second largest city in Taiwan". Taiwan News. Archived from the original on 2017-08-13. Retrieved2017-08-12.
  31. "How housing policy helped Taichung top Kaohsiung". Taiwan News. 2017-08-03. Archived from the original on 2017-08-13. Retrieved2017-08-12.
  32. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-12-24. Retrieved2015-01-07.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  33. R.O.C. Central Election Commission. "R.O.C. 1997 County/City Magistrate/Mayoral election results". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved2006-10-14.
  34. "Districts & Landmarks". 13 March 2019. Archived from the original on 28 May 2019. Retrieved29 May 2019. Taichung city is broken up into 29 districts.
  35. 1.7-鄉鎮市區戶口數 [Population for Township and District]. Ministry of the Interior (in Chinese (Taiwan) and English). August 2020. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved21 September 2020. 臺中市 Taichung City中區 Central District東區 East District南區 South District西區 West District北區 North District西屯區 Situn District南屯區 Nantun District北屯區 Beitun District豐原區 Fongyuan District東勢區 Dongshih District大甲區 Dajia District清水區 Cingshuei District沙鹿區 Shalu District梧棲區 Wuci District后里區 Houli District神岡區 Shengang District潭子區 Tanzih District大雅區 Daya District新社區 Sinshe District石岡區 Shihgang District外埔區 Waipu District大安區 Daan District烏日區 Wurih District大肚區 Dadu District龍井區 Longjing District霧峰區 Wufong District太平區 Taiping District大里區 Dali District和平區 Heping District
  36. 台灣積體電路製造股份有限公司. www.tsmc.com. Archived from the original on 2018-11-20. Retrieved2018-11-20.
  37. 系統訊息. www.giantcyclingworld.com. Archived from the original on 2018-11-09. Retrieved2018-11-20.
  38. "SRAM Opens Asia Development Center". Bike Europe. Archived from the original on 2018-11-21. Retrieved2018-11-20.
  39. "Let's Go On a Backpacking! – The Must-buy Taichung Local Specialties". Tra News. Archived from the original on 2012-03-07. Retrieved2010-07-11.
  40. 台式茶文化登陸──春水堂. Taiwan Panorama. December 2006. Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved2010-07-11.
  41. "Romanization of Taichung's top 50 Main Roads". Archived from the original on 2006-02-06. Retrieved2006-09-29.
  42. "107臺中市寺廟登記概況"(PDF). Civil Affairs Bureau, Taichung City Government (in Chinese (Taiwan)). 2018. Archived(PDF) from the original on June 10, 2022. RetrievedMarch 15, 2021.
  43. "Dajia Matsu Pilgrimage in C. Taiwan to take place June 11–20". Taiwan News. Central News Agency. June 18, 2020. Archived from the original on June 10, 2022. RetrievedMarch 15, 2021.
  44. "大甲媽祖遶境進香(直轄市登錄)". National Cultural Heritage Database Management System (in Chinese (Taiwan)). Bureau of Cultural Heritage. Archived from the original on April 30, 2019. RetrievedMarch 15, 2021.
  45. "Le Cheng Temple, Taichung, and Hanxi Mazu's Eighteen Villages Celebration Parade". Religious Scenes Top 100. Ministry of the Interior. Archived from the original on September 26, 2020. RetrievedMarch 15, 2021.
  46. Chiu, Lisa (1998). "ABOUT TOWN: Hitting the Night Markets". Compass Magazine. Vol. 5, no. 5. Taichung, Taiwan. Archived from the original on 2007-10-10. Retrieved2007-10-10.
  47. "Taiwan to hold Special Force 2 Pro League video game tourney". FOCUS TAIWAN. March 25, 2015. Archived from the original on October 14, 2015. RetrievedOctober 22, 2015.
  48. "About Us". Archived from the original on 2021-02-27. Retrieved2020-12-18.
  49. "Taichung City Diplomacy". Archived from the original on 2007-07-01. Retrieved2006-09-29.
  50. 【祝】 名古屋市と台中市が「観光分野におけるパートナー都市協定」を締結. Friends of Lee Teng Hui Association of Japan (in Japanese). 2019-10-28. Archived from the original on 2019-12-18. Retrieved2019-12-18.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toTaichung City.
Look up Taichung in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.


  1. Sarah Shair-Rosenfield (November 2020). "Taiwan combined"(PDF). The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved29 May 2021.

Taichung Article Talk Language Watch Edit Taizhong redirects here For similarly named terms see Taizong disambiguation Taichung ˌ t aɪ ˈ tʃ ʊ ŋ 6 Wade Giles Tʻai chung pinyin Taizhōng officially Taichung City I is a special municipality located in central Taiwan Taichung has approximately 2 82 million residents and is currently the second most populous city of Taiwan 7 8 It serves as the core of the Taichung Changhua metropolitan area the second largest metropolitan area in Taiwan Taichung City 臺中市 I TaichuSpecial municipalityClockwise from top Taichung s 7th Redevelopment Zone Taichung railway station Taichung Intercontinental Baseball Stadium Nanhu Mountain Gaomei Wetlands Luce Memorial Chapel National Museum of Natural ScienceFlagLogoEtymology Taichu Japanese 臺中 Taiwan center Nickname s Cultural City 文化城 Coordinates 24 08 38 N 120 40 46 E 24 14389 N 120 67944 E 24 14389 120 67944 Coordinates 24 08 38 N 120 40 46 E 24 14389 N 120 67944 E 24 14389 120 67944Country Republic of China Taiwan Established2010SeatXitun DistrictDistricts29 CentralEastWestSouthNorthXitunNantunBeitunFengyuanDongshiDajiaQingshuiShaluWuqiHouliShengangTanziDayaXinsheShigangWaipuDa anWuriDaduLongjingWufengTaipingDaliHepingGovernment BodyTaichung City GovernmentTaichung City Council MayorLu Shiow yen KMT Area 1 2 Special municipality2 214 90 km2 855 18 sq mi Urban492 km2 190 sq mi Rank6 out of 22Population March 2020 3 Special municipality2 816 667 Rank2 out of 22 Density1 300 km2 3 300 sq mi Urban 4 2 635 000 Urban density5 400 km2 14 000 sq mi Time zoneUTC 8 National Standard Time Postal code400 439Area code s 0 4ISO 3166 codeTW TXGBirdWhite eared sibia 5 FlowerTaiwan cherry 5 TreeTaiwan white pine 5 Websiteenglish wbr taichung wbr gov wbr twTaichung City Taichung in Traditional top and Simplified bottom Chinese charactersChinese nameTraditional Chinese臺中市Simplified Chinese台中市Literal meaning Tai wan Central TranscriptionsStandard MandarinHanyu PinyinTaizhōng ShiBopomofoㄊㄞˊ ㄓㄨㄥ ㄕˋGwoyeu RomatzyhTairjong ShyhWade GilesTʻai chung Shih Tongyong PinyinTaijhong ShihYale RomanizationTaijung Shr MPS2Taijung Shr IPA tʰa ɪ ʈʂʊ ŋ ʂɻ HakkaPha k fa sṳThoi chung sṳYue CantoneseYale RomanizationToihjung SihJyutpingToi4zung1 Si5Southern MinHokkien POJTai tiong chhiTai loTai tiong tshiJapanese nameKanji台中市KanaたいちゅうしKyujitai臺中市TranscriptionsRomanizationTaichu shi Located in the Taichung Basin the city was initially developed from several scattered hamlets It was designated as Taiwan fu in the late Qing dynastic era when the city was constructed to be the new capital of Taiwan Province between 1887 and 1894 During the Japanese era from 1895 the urban planning of present day city of Taichung was performed and developed by the Japanese 9 The city has since become major economic and cultural hub of central Taiwan and was renamed to the current form styled as the Kyoto of Formosa in the Japanese era because of its calm and beauty 10 After the start of ROC rule in 1945 the urban area of Taichung was organized as a provincial city until 25 December 2010 the original provincial city and Taichung County were merged into a new special municipality 11 The city is home to the National Museum of Natural Science the National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts the National Taichung Theater the National Library of Public Information and the National Taiwan Symphony Orchestra as well as many cultural sites including the historic Taichung Park the Lin Family Gardens and many temples Taichung is classified as a Gamma level global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network 12 Contents 1 History 1 1 Early history 1 2 Qing Dynasty 1 3 Empire of Japan 1 4 Republic of China 2 Geography 2 1 Climate 3 Demographics 4 Politics 4 1 Local politics 4 2 Government 5 Administrative divisions 6 Economy 7 Transportation 7 1 Rail 7 2 Seaport 7 3 Roads 7 4 Bus 7 5 Mass Rapid Transit 7 6 Taichung International Airport 8 Education 9 Romanization 10 Culture and recreation 10 1 Museums and cultural centers 10 2 Temples 10 3 Night markets 10 4 Hot springs 10 5 Performance venues 10 6 Other annual activities 11 Sports 11 1 Professional sports 12 Hospitals 13 International relations 14 Gallery 15 Relative location 16 Notes 16 1 Words in native languages 17 See also 18 References 19 Bibliography 20 External linksHistory EditEarly history Edit The Atayal Taiwanese aborigines as well as several Taiwanese Plains Aboriginal tribes including the Taokas Papora Pazeh Hoanya and Babuza people populated the plains that make up modern Taichung They were originally hunter gatherers who later lived by cultivating millet and taro 13 In the 17th century the Papora Babuza Pazeh and Hoanya established the Kingdom of Middag occupying the western part of present day Taichung citation needed Jishan Gatehouse built in 1924 Qing Dynasty Edit In 1682 the Qing dynasty wrested control of western Taiwan from the Cheng family Kingdom of Tungning In 1684 Zhuluo County was established encompassing the underdeveloped northern two thirds of Taiwan Modern day Taichung traces its beginnings to a settlement named Toatun Chinese 大墩 pinyin Dadun Wade Giles Ta4 tun1 Pe h ōe ji Toa tun lit large mound in 1705 To strengthen Qing control a garrison was established in 1721 near the site of present day Taichung Park by Lan Ting chen 14 North of the city on the Dajia River an aboriginal revolt broke out in 1731 after Chinese officials moved in and compelled them to provide labor The revolt spread through the city as far south as Changhua County in May 1732 before the rebels were chased into the mountains by Qing forces 15 In 1786 another rebellion against the Qing known as the Lin Shuangwen rebellion began as an attempt to overthrow the government and restore the Ming dynasty Unfortunately as the rebels moved northward they turned to slaughter and looting They were eventually defeated by a coalition of Qing forces Hakka Quanzhou Fujianese descendants and aboriginal volunteers 16 When Taiwan Province was declared an independent province in 1887 the government intended to construct its capital city at the centrally located Toatun which was also designated as the seat of Taiwan Prefecture 17 Thus the city took the title of Taiwan fu meaning capital city of Taiwan from modern day Tainan which had held the title for more than 200 years Qing official Liu Ming chuan received permission to oversee development of the area which included constructing a railway through the city 18 However the provincial capital was ultimately moved to Taipei Empire of Japan Edit After the Qing dynasty lost the Sino Japanese War in 1895 Taiwan was ceded to Japan by the Treaty of Shimonoseki and the name of the city was changed to Taichu Japanese 臺中 The Japanese sought to develop the city to make it the first modern area of Taiwan 19 and invested in roads dams and levees In 1901 Taichu Chō 臺中廳 was established as one of twenty local administrative districts on the island In 1904 the town of Taichu had a population of 6 423 and Taichu District had more than 207 000 20 Taichu Park was completed in 1903 A tower marking the old north gate was moved to the new park where it stands today The first market in Taichu was built in 1908 along Jiguang Road between the Zhongzheng and Chenggong Roads and it is still in use today 13 The Japanese undertook a north south island railway project Taichu Train Station was completed and began operation in 1917 13 and still operates today Taichu City was officially declared by Japanese authorities in 1920 and Taichu City Hall was completed in 1924 after eleven years of construction 13 Kōkan Airport 公館空港 now known as Taichung Airport was constructed during Japanese rule Taichung s historic city hall Taichu Middle School now known as Taichung First Senior High School was founded in 1915 by elite members of local gentry including Lin Hsien tang and his brother Lin Lieh tang zh two wealthy Taiwanese intellectuals of the era This was in an effort to teach children the culture of Taiwan and to foster the spirit of the Taiwanese localization movement 13 The Taiwanese Cultural Association founded in 1921 in Taipei by Lin Hsien tang was moved to Taichu in 1927 Most of the members of this association were from Taichu and the surrounding area The city became a center of Taiwanese culture and nationalism 13 From 1926 to 1945 Taichu Prefecture covered modern day Taichung as well as Changhua County and Nantou County Republic of China Edit After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China in October 1945 Taichung County was established which consists of present day area of Taichung City Miaoli County and Taoyuan City In 1947 the first Mayor of Taichung County which included Taichung City was Lai Tien Shen The position was appointed by the government to rule during the interim period In 1950 Miaoli and Taoyuan were taken out from Taichung County area to form Miaoli County and Taoyuan County respectively In June 2009 the Executive Yuan approved the plan to merge Taichung City and Taichung County to form a larger Taichung City 21 On 25 December 2010 the city was merged with the surrounding Taichung County to create a special municipality of 2 65 million people spread across 2 214 km2 855 sq mi 22 Geography EditTaichung City is located in the Taichung Basin 23 along the main western coastal plain that stretches along the west coast from northern Taiwan almost to the southern tip The city borders Changhua County Nantou County Hualien County Yilan County Hsinchu County and Miaoli County The Central Mountain Range lies just to the east of the city Rolling hills run to the north leading to Miaoli County while flat coastal plains dominate the landscape to the south leading to Changhua County and the Taiwan Strait to the west The Dadu Plateau lies to the northwest Climate Edit Taichung has a warm humid subtropical climate Koppen Cwa bordering on a tropical monsoon climate with an average annual temperature of 23 3 C 73 9 F The highest temperature of the year occurs in July and August while the lowest temperature occurs in January and February 24 Daytime temperatures remain warm to hot year round though night time temperatures during the winter months are significantly cooler than those during the summer and the warm daytime temperature Its average annual rainfall is just above 1 700 mm 67 in relatively low compared to other major cities of Taiwan 25 The average humidity is 80 Due to the protection provided by the Central Mountain Range to the east and the Miaoli hills to the north Taichung is rarely severely affected by typhoons However occasional typhoons emerging from the South China Sea can pose a threat to the city as evidenced by Typhoon Wayne in 1986 which struck the west coast of Taiwan near Taichung 26 Due to Taichung plain s strong radiative cooling effect citation needed Taichung City is one of the few cities of Taiwan where the year round average daily low temperature falls below 20 C 68 F with even most cities of northern Taiwan such as Taipei and Keelung having an average low of over 20 5 C 68 9 F Climate data for TaichungMonth Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YearRecord high C F 31 3 88 3 32 9 91 2 34 7 94 5 34 7 94 5 36 9 98 4 36 8 98 2 39 9 103 8 39 3 102 7 39 0 102 2 38 3 100 9 34 0 93 2 31 7 89 1 39 9 103 8 Average high C F 22 0 71 6 22 4 72 3 24 6 76 3 27 6 81 7 30 2 86 4 31 9 89 4 33 0 91 4 32 6 90 7 31 8 89 2 30 1 86 2 27 0 80 6 23 6 74 5 28 1 82 6 Daily mean C F 16 6 61 9 17 3 63 1 19 6 67 3 23 1 73 6 26 0 78 8 27 6 81 7 28 6 83 5 28 3 82 9 27 4 81 3 25 2 77 4 21 9 71 4 18 1 64 6 23 3 73 9 Average low C F 12 9 55 2 13 9 57 0 16 0 60 8 19 6 67 3 22 6 72 7 24 4 75 9 25 2 77 4 25 1 77 2 24 1 75 4 21 8 71 2 18 2 64 8 14 2 57 6 19 8 67 6 Record low C F 0 7 30 7 1 0 30 2 2 1 35 8 8 6 47 5 10 8 51 4 15 5 59 9 20 5 68 9 20 0 68 0 14 4 57 9 10 5 50 9 1 4 34 5 1 8 35 2 1 0 30 2 Average rainfall mm inches 30 3 1 19 89 8 3 54 103 0 4 06 145 4 5 72 231 5 9 11 331 2 13 04 307 9 12 12 302 0 11 89 164 5 6 48 23 2 0 91 18 3 0 72 25 9 1 02 1 773 69 8 Average rainy days 0 1 mm 6 6 9 2 11 2 11 8 12 2 14 6 12 8 15 4 9 2 2 6 3 7 4 3 113 6Average relative humidity 74 6 76 8 76 6 77 3 77 1 77 9 75 6 77 6 75 8 72 6 72 7 72 3 75 6Mean monthly sunshine hours 176 6 140 6 149 9 137 8 158 7 160 1 199 6 178 7 175 8 203 7 179 4 182 3 2 043 2Source 27 Demographics EditHistorical populationYearPop 19851 817 125 19902 019 959 11 2 19952 257 950 11 8 20002 460 098 9 0 20052 587 828 5 2 20102 648 419 2 3 20152 744 445 3 6 Source Populations by city and country in Taiwan Ministry of the Interior Population Census Taichung s population was estimated to be 2 816 667 in March 2020 28 There are slightly more females in the city 50 97 than males 24 32 of residents are children while 16 63 are young people 52 68 are middle age and 6 73 are elderly 29 According to Ministry of Interior statistics the fertility rate in Taichung City in 2007 was 1 165 for each woman The city surpassed Kaohsiung to become the second largest city in Taiwan in July 2017 growing at the 2nd fastest rate in Taiwan from 2012 to 2017 30 Recent population increases have been attributed to natural population growth more people moving to the city and subsidized housing 31 Politics Edit Taichung City Government Taichung City Council Local politics Edit Unlike Taipei in the north which is solidly in the Pan Blue political camp and the southern cities of Kaohsiung and Tainan that are solidly Pan Green Taichung is more balanced with the urban city center area leaning Blue and the suburban and rural areas leaning Green In fact both major political parties have won a mayoral election among the last four with at least 49 percent of the vote Democratic Progressive Party in 1997 and 2014 and the Kuomintang in 2001 and 2005 32 Similarly the Kuomintang majority in the city council is not as large as it is in other cities and is only negligible when one excludes Beitun District which is solidly pro Kuomintang Government Edit Main articles Taichung City Government and Taichung City Council Taichung City s executive branch is headed by mayor Lu Shiow yen of the Kuomintang 33 Taichung s legislative branch is a unicameral 46 member City Council Each member is elected from one of six member districts where each voter has only one vote Administrative divisions EditTaichung consists of 29 districts 28 districts and 1 mountain indigenous district 34 35 Labeled map of Taichung Xinshe Tanzi Shigang Shengang Houli Heping Fengyuan Dongshi Daya Wuqi Waipu Shalu Qingshui Longjing Dajia Dadu Daan Xitun Wuri Wufeng West Taiping South North Nantun East Dali Central Beitun Yilan County Miaoli County Nantou County Hualien County Hsinchu County Changhua CountyName Chinese Taiwanese Hakka Population Jan 2016 Area km2 Central 中區 Tiong Chung 19 020 0 8803East 東區 Tang Tung 75 171 9 2855South 南區 Lam Nam 121 865 6 8101West 西區 Se Si 115 798 5 7042North 北區 Pak Pet 147 570 6 9376Beitun Beituen 北屯區 Pak tun Pet tun 265 497 62 7034Xitun Shituen 西屯區 Se tun Si tun 221 942 39 8467Nantun Nantuen 南屯區 Lam tun Nam tun 164 647 31 2578Taiping 太平區 Thai peng Thai phin 184 223 120 7473Dali 大里區 Tai li Thai li 212 711 28 8758Wufeng Wufong 霧峰區 Bu hong Vu fung 64 708 98 0779Wuri Wurih 烏日區 O ji t Vu ngit 72 590 43 4032Fengyuan Fongyuan 豐原區 Hong goan Fung ngien 166 729 41 1845Houli 后里區 Au li Heu li 54 313 58 9439Shigang Shihgang 石岡區 Chio h kng Sa k kong 15 277 18 2105Dongshi Dongshih 東勢區 Tang si Tung sṳ 51 244 117 4065Xinshe Sinshe 新社區 Sin sia Sin sa 25 077 68 8874Tanzi Tanzih 潭子區 Tham chu Tham tsṳ 106 613 25 8497Daya 大雅區 Tai nge Thai nga 93 751 32 4109Shengang 神岡區 Sin kong Sṳ n kong 65 210 35 0445Dajia 大甲區 Tai kah Thai kap 77 765 58 5192Qingshui Cingshuei 清水區 Chheng chui Tshin sui 86 131 64 1709Shalu 沙鹿區 Soa la k Sa lu k 89 783 40 4604Wuqi Wuci 梧棲區 Gō chhe Ǹg tshi 57 159 18 4063Daan Da an 大安區 Tai an Thai on 19 533 27 4045Dadu 大肚區 Tōa tō Thai tu 56 654 37 0024Longjing 龍井區 Liong cheⁿ Liung tsiang 76 696 38 0377Waipu 外埔區 Goa po Ngoi phu 31 868 42 4099Heping 和平區 Ho peng Fo phin 10 707 1037 8192 Inner Taichung refers to the eight former districts of Taichung City before the merger with Taichung County on December 25 2010 Colors indicate statutory language status of Hakka language in the respective subdivisions Note that Heping District is also an indigenous area of the Atayal people Economy Edit Taichung s financial center 7th Redevelopment Zone Taichung is home to many industries Taichung s Industrial Zone located in Xitun District is home to many factories while nearby World Trade Center Taichung hosts many industrial conventions every year Taichung is also home to the Central Taiwan Science Park known for the many semiconductor factories located there most notably TSMC 36 Taichung is also known for its bicycle manufacturing Notable business located in Taichung include Giant Bicycles SRAM and TRP Brakes 37 38 Merida Bicycles is also located in nearby Dacun Changhua Taichung is most famous for its suncakes 39 Taichung s Chun Shui Tang teahouse 春水堂 is where bubble tea was invented 40 The recent surge in population resulted in the growth of the retail sector citation needed with the opening of large department stores in Xitun District Transportation EditMain article transportation in Taichung This section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed July 2017 Learn how and when to remove this template message Taichung TRA Station THSR Taichung Station Rail Edit Two railways run parallel to each other in Taichung the Taichung Line which passes through the urban areas in the interior and the West Coast Line which passes through rural areas closer to the coastal shore Taichung railway station is located in the heart of the city in Central District and numerous bus companies provide connections to other towns by bus The THSR Taichung Station is located in Wuri serving travel demands of both Taichung City and the northern parts of Changhua County THSR Taichung Station is accessible by local trains MRT Green Line as well as free shuttle buses into the city Seaport Edit Taichung Port located on the coast in Taichung City is the second largest cargo facility on the island capable of handling container shipping Despite being the second largest port on the island of Taiwan there are no passenger ferry services available and the port is closed to unauthorized personnel Roads Edit This section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed July 2017 Learn how and when to remove this template message Taichung City generally follows a radial road layout with its center at Taichung railway station Major roads start in Central District and run outwards including Taiwan Boulevard Xiangshang Road Zhongqing Road and Zhongshan Road Freeway 1 runs along the Fazi River on the outskirts of the city while Freeway 3 runs along the Dadu River to the coastal plains on the west where it then runs parallel to the coastline Freeway 4 begins in Qingshui District and terminates in Fengyuan District Highway 74 known as the Taichung Ring Expressway circles the outskirts of the city while Highway 63 known as the Zhongtou Expressway runs from Taichung southward to Caotun Nantou Many other highways run through the city Most road signs in the city have romanized spelling Bus Edit See also Taichung City Bus Buses stopping at Taichung Station The most frequently used public transportation system in Taichung is by bus with 18 bus companies providing 275 routes that cover all districts All station names are announced in both Mandarin and English while some also providing Hokkien pronunciations For passengers using a contactless smartcard for example an EasyCard the first 10 kilometers are free Mass Rapid Transit Edit See also Taichung Metropolitan Area MRT System Taichung BRT Providence University station The city currently has one MRT line the Green line which opened on April 25 2021 Other lines are currently under planning For a short period of time the city operated a bus rapid transit system named the BRT Blue Line running down Taiwan Boulevard It used articulated buses running a specialized lane a first in Taiwan The system began operation in July 2014 however it did little to ameliorate traffic congestion and was terminated within a year The lane and specialized bus stops are currently used as a general bus lane with bus lines 300 310 running through it Taichung International Airport Edit Taichung Airport Main article Taichung Airport Taichung International Airport is the third and newest international airport in Taiwan It occupies the western corner of Ching Chuan Kang Air Base CCK and is about 20 kilometers 12 mi from downtown Taichung City The current airport replaced Shuinan Airport as Taichung s airport in 2004 Education EditMain article List of educational institutions in Taichung National Taichung University of EducationRomanization EditTaichung City is in the process of implementing Hanyu Pinyin on road signs throughout the city However there are still signs displaying spellings from previously used romanization systems as well as Tongyong Pinyin and systems that do not conform to any standard system 41 Unlike Taipei which uses a capital letter at the beginning of every syllable Taichung City uses the standard form of Hanyu Pinyin on street signs erected in recent years However the municipal website uses the Taipei system Most major intersections have at least one sign containing some form of romanization Nearly every intersection in the downtown area has signs in Hanyu Pinyin However outside of the downtown area while coverage by Hanyu Pinyin signs is improving many intersections have signs in other romanization systems especially Wade Giles and MPS2 or no Romanized signs at all Culture and recreation EditMuseums and cultural centers Edit National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts The National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts houses the world s largest collection of Taiwanese art National Museum of Natural Science together with National Palace Museum in Taipei and the National Science and Technology Museum in Kaohsiung are called the Museums of Taiwan Across 22 acres 89 000 m2 the Museum is a six venue complex housing the Space IMAX Theater Science Center Life Science Hall Chinese Science Hall Global Environment Hall and the Botanical Garden excluding the Earthquake Museum in Wufong which is dedicated to public education on seismology located just 10 kilometers east of the main complex of NMNS Over 30 permanent exhibit areas cover subjects on astronomy space science paleontology ecology gems and minerals Taiwanese Aborigines and tropical plants Rotating special exhibits are a constant occurrence Taichung Municipal Cultural Center The Municipal Cultural Center is located on Yingcai Road on property adjacent to the National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts Taichung Folklore Park This park is dedicated to presenting a more traditional Taiwanese way of life It includes a combination of authentic and recreated buildings and streets in an attempt to recreate a more rustic Taiwan 921 Earthquake Museum of Taiwan This museum is located in Wufeng District With the rebuilding of Kwangfu Junior High on its present site the Earthquake Memorial Museum was renamed the 921 Earthquake Museum of Taiwan on February 13 2001 The new plan retains the original sites as a record of the damage wrought by the earthquake and it also adds technological and educational facilities designed to inform the public and school children about earthquakes and disaster readiness Asia Museum of Modern Art This museum is located at Asia University in Wufeng District On May 4 2007 Dr Tsai presented the project plan and officially invited Mr Tadao Ando to design an art museum for Asia University Therefore the main purpose of inviting Tadao Ando to design the museum was to educate students and create the opportunity for them to have contact with art works from masters of international status This museum provides various and amazing exhibitions which are related to Asian art and modern art Temples Edit Main article List of temples in Taichung See also Category Temples in Taichung Taichung has a large number of temples many of which hold historic and cultural value According to a 2018 survey by the city government Taichung is home to 1 012 registered temples of which 774 are Taoist and 208 are Buddhist 42 The Goddess Mazu is one of the most popular Deity Jenn Lann Temple is the starting point of the annual Dajia Mazu Pilgrimage one of two largest such pilgrimages in Taiwan along with the Baishatun Mazu Pilgrimage Each year worshippers carry a litter containing a statue of Mazu and travel 340 km 210 mi on foot to Xingang Chiayi and back 43 44 Lecheng Temple hosts a similar Eighteen Villages Pilgrimage where the temple s Hanxi Mazu is paraded through eighteen villages for good luck 45 Other notable Mazu temples include Wanhe Temple and Haotian Temple Confucianism is a crucial part of many Chinese cultures In Taichung there are two historic major temples dedicated to Wenchang Dijun the patron deity of literature Beitun Wenchang Temple and Nantun Wenchang Temple The Taichung Confucian Temple is a large and relatively new complex dedicated to Confucius himself There are also several ancestral shrines in Taichung notably the Lin Family Ancestral Shrine the Zhang Family Temple and the Zhang Liao Family Temple Many other deities are worshipped in the city including Baosheng Dadi at Yuanbao Temple Guanyin at Songzhu Temple and Zi Yun Yan Xuantian Shangdi at Zhenwu Temple Lecheng Temple built during the Qing Dynasty Taichung Martyrs Shrine Lin Family Ancestral Shrine in South District Built during the Qing Dynasty Beitun Wenchang Temple built during the Qing Dynasty Wanhe Temple Night markets Edit Taichung has several open air night markets that feature local food and diversions 46 Fengjia Night Market Fengjia Night Market located adjacent to Feng Chia University It has been considered as the best night market in Taiwan Yizhong Street located at North District close to Taichung Park One of the most popular night market in Taichung Zhonghua Night Market located in the heart of Central District along ZhongHua Road Zhongxiao Night Market located south of the Taichung Railroad Station around the intersections of ZhongXiao Taichung and GuoGuang roads Tunghai Night Market located at the western side of Xitun close to border with Longjing A small street northwest of Tunghai University Hanxi Night Market A large night market which is located Hanxi East Road Section 1 at East District Hot springs Edit Taichung has a famous hot spring Guguan hot spring located in Heping District Performance venues Edit Zhongshan Hall Zhongshan Hall is a popular venue for a variety of performances including musical opera ballet dance theatrical and other performances Seating capacity is 1 692 Fulfillment Amphitheater This recently completed outdoor venue is located in the Wenxin Forest Park and is suitable for a wide range of outdoor performances Zhongxing Hall at National Taichung LibraryOther annual activities Edit Taichung Jazz Festival The Taichung Jazz Festival takes place annually through the month of October It features a variety of acts at numerous venues throughout the city Sports EditProfessional sports Edit The Sinon Bulls was a professional baseball team playing in the four team Chinese Professional Baseball League While they were identified with Taichung City many of their home games were played outside of the city due to the inadequacies of the old Taichung Baseball Field The team was expected to move into the newly completed Taichung Intercontinental Baseball Stadium in 2008 but never did At the end of the 2012 season Sinon Corporation announced its intention to sell the team By late December an agreement was reached between Sinon Corporation and E United Group and the team was renamed EDA Rhinos and moved to Kaohsiung The Special Force II division of the Flash Wolves esports team is known as the Taichung Flash Wolves the team competed in the Special Force II Pro League SF2PL based in Taipei 47 Taichung is home to Taichung City FC a club which strives to represent Taichung in soccer tournaments as well as charitable events 48 In 2015 after the CTBC Holdings took ownership of the Brother Elephants and renamed the team CTBC Brothers they made Taichung Intercontinental Baseball Stadium their home as part of the CPBL s effort to establish home fields During the COVID 19 pandemic a professional basketball league P LEAGUE was established in 2020 The league hosted the third stop of the preseason schedule at National Taiwan University of Sport 國立台灣體育運動大學 on November 21 and 22 In the inaugural season 2020 2021 the Formosa Taishin Dreamers have scheduled two of their twelve home games at NTUS Major Sporting Events Cup Marathon is held on the city s streets every autumn either in October or November Recent major sporting events held by Taichung include 2013 18U Baseball World Cup 2014 U 21 Baseball World Cup 2015 WBSC Premier12 co hosted with Taipei Taoyuan and Yunlin Douliu 2019 Asian Baseball Championship 2019 WBSC Premier12 co hosted with Taoyuan Hospitals EditChina Medical University Hospital 中國醫藥大學附設醫院 Chung Shan Medical University Hospital 中山醫學大學附設醫院 Taichung Veterans Hospital 臺中榮民總醫院 Cheng Ching Hospital 澄清醫院 Jen Ai Hospital Dali 大里仁愛醫院 Jen Ai Hospital Taichung 臺中仁愛醫院 Taichung Tzu Chi General Hospital 臺中慈濟醫院 Taichung armed force general hospital 國軍台中總醫院 Asia University Hospital 亞洲大學附設醫院 Notable people Lin xian tang 林獻堂 scholar and politician Shen hong rui 沈宏叡 political analystInternational relations EditTaichung has signed sister city agreements with nineteen cities in nine countries since 1965 They are listed below along with the dates that the agreements were signed 49 New Haven Connecticut United States March 29 1965 Chungju North Chungjeong South Korea November 27 1969 Santa Cruz de la Sierra Bolivia November 21 1978 Tucson Arizona United States August 31 1979 Baton Rouge Louisiana United States April 18 1980 Cheyenne Wyoming United States October 8 1981 Winnipeg Manitoba Canada April 2 1982 San Diego California United States November 19 1983 Pietermaritzburg KwaZulu Natal South Africa December 9 1983 Reno Nevada United States October 8 1985 Austin Texas United States September 22 1986 Manchester New Hampshire United States May 8 1989 Mexicali Baja California Mexico September 21 1989 Guadalajara Jalisco Mexico September 24 1989 Montgomery County Ohio United States October 15 1990 North Shore City December 17 1996 Note 1 Auckland October 14 2012 New Zealand Tacoma Washington United States July 19 2000 Kwajalein Atoll Marshall Islands July 19 2002 San Pedro Sula Honduras October 28 2003 Makati Metro Manila Philippines July 27 2004 Columbus Georgia United States November 11 2007 Gwangyang South Jeolla South Korea November 14 2017 Petah Tikva Central Israel February 14 2018 Uvs Province Mongolia November 4 2018 Nagoya Aichi Japan October 25 2019 50 Gallery Edit Taichung Lin Family Mansion Taichung Natural Way Six Arts Cultural Center Natural Way Six Arts Cultural Center Taichung Park Taichung Lu Chuan canal National Taichung Theater New Taichung Main Station Old Taichung Station The Imperial Sugar Factory Taichung Shiyakusho Sun cake museum Taichung Miyahara Oculist Now a department store Taichung Chuo Bookstore Former North Shore City merged with Auckland on November 1 2010 Relative location EditNotes EditWords in native languages Edit a b Traditional Chinese script 臺中市Mandarin Pinyin Taizhōng ShiHokkien Tai tiong TshiSixian Hakka Tǒi zong SiiHailu Hakka Toi zhung Shi See also EditList of ports and harbors of the Pacific Ocean The Taichung VoiceReferences Edit 中華民國統計資訊網 縣市重要統計指標查詢系統網 in Chinese Archived from the original on 12 June 2016 Retrieved 11 June 2016 Demographia World Urban Areas PDF April 2016 PDF Demographia Archived PDF from the original on 3 May 2018 Retrieved 11 June 2016 各區人口結構 Population structure by district demographics taichung gov tw in Traditional Chinese Archived from the original on 2016 05 30 Retrieved 2019 08 08 Demographia World Urban Areas PDF PDF Demographia Archived PDF from the original on 2018 05 03 Retrieved 2019 11 30 a b c 市樹 花 鳥介紹 in Traditional Chinese 臺中市 臺中市政府農業局 2014 06 24 Archived from the original on 2017 04 24 Retrieved 2017 04 23 Longman J C 2008 Longman Pronunciation Dictionary 3 ed Pearson Education ESL ISBN 978 1405881173 民國106年7月戶口統計資料分析 Ministry of the Interior ROC 2017 08 04 Archived from the original on 2017 08 13 Retrieved 2017 08 13 台中人口超越高雄 躍升第2大城 政治 自由時報電子報 news ltn com tw 5 August 2017 Archived from the original on 2019 01 07 Retrieved 2019 01 07 Taichung History Map Walk publish by Center for Digital Cultures Academia Sinica 2017 p 23 ISBN 9789860546279 Documentary dated in 1940 Nanshin Taiwan 南進台湾 https www youtube com watch v VbXsatMYVwM Archived 2018 09 03 at the Wayback Machine http taiwanjournal nat gov tw ct asp xitem 53774 amp ctnode 413 amp mp 9 permanent dead link The World According to GaWC 2020 GaWC Research Network Globalization and World Cities Archived from the original on 24 August 2020 Retrieved 31 August 2020 a b c d e f From Aboriginal Homeland to Modern City A Look at Taichung s Rich History Archived from the original on 2014 12 04 Retrieved 2014 11 30 Roy 2003 p 27 Roy 2003 p 22 Gardella 1999 p 164 Davidson 1903 p 245 the seat of government which had been formerly at the old town of Taiwan fu in the south which city had been in turn the capital of the Dutch Koxinga and the Chinese was now removed temporarily to the new city of Taipeh which had been lately in course of construction In connection with this it is necessary to go further and explain that it was the intention of the government to build a new capital city in the center of the island near Changwha Accordingly the new city was laid out and the construction of official yamens commenced The name of the new city became Taiwan fu or the capital city of Taiwan Formosa and it was also to be the seat of a new prefecture called Taiwan Prefecture Davidson 1903 pp 247 8 To obtain Imperial sanction to the undertaking Governor Liu represented to the authorities that if the capital was removed into the interior as they had recommended it would be necessary as there were no roads to construct a railway from the new capital to one of the coast ports preferably Kelung in the north This proposition met with sonic opposition in Peking but eventually Imperial approbation was obtained Roy 2003 p 36 Takekoshi 1907 pp 199 200 Rezoning Taiwan Taiwan Today 1 February 2011 Archived from the original on 12 January 2021 Retrieved 9 December 2020 Archived copy Archived from the original on 2013 04 15 Retrieved 2013 01 11 a href wiki Template Cite web title Template Cite web cite web a CS1 maint archived copy as title link Taichung Geography Archived from the original on 2006 02 20 Retrieved 2006 09 29 Taichung Climate Weather Averages Archived from the original on 2014 03 10 Retrieved 2014 03 10 Districts amp Landmarks Archived from the original on 2006 02 20 Retrieved 2006 09 29 Joint Typhoon Warning Center Typhoon Wayne 12W PDF Archived from the original PDF on 2011 05 06 Retrieved 2007 05 04 Statistics gt Monthly Mean Central Weather Bureau Archived from the original on 2009 07 07 Retrieved 2009 06 07 Archived copy eng taichung gov tw Archived from the original on 25 January 2022 Retrieved 22 May 2022 a href wiki Template Cite web title Template Cite web cite web a CS1 maint archived copy as title link Taichung s Population Archived from the original on 2006 09 13 Retrieved 2006 09 26 Juvina Lai 2017 08 02 Taichung the second largest city in Taiwan Taiwan News Archived from the original on 2017 08 13 Retrieved 2017 08 12 How housing policy helped Taichung top Kaohsiung Taiwan News 2017 08 03 Archived from the original on 2017 08 13 Retrieved 2017 08 12 Archived copy Archived from the original on 2014 12 24 Retrieved 2015 01 07 a href wiki Template Cite web title Template Cite web cite web a CS1 maint archived copy as title link R O C Central Election Commission R O C 1997 County City Magistrate Mayoral election results Archived from the original on 2007 09 28 Retrieved 2006 10 14 Districts amp Landmarks 13 March 2019 Archived from the original on 28 May 2019 Retrieved 29 May 2019 Taichung city is broken up into 29 districts 1 7 鄉鎮市區戶口數 Population for Township and District Ministry of the Interior in Chinese Taiwan and English August 2020 Archived from the original on 12 June 2018 Retrieved 21 September 2020 臺中市 Taichung City中區 Central District東區 East District南區 South District西區 West District北區 North District西屯區 Situn District南屯區 Nantun District北屯區 Beitun District豐原區 Fongyuan District東勢區 Dongshih District大甲區 Dajia District清水區 Cingshuei District沙鹿區 Shalu District梧棲區 Wuci District后里區 Houli District神岡區 Shengang District潭子區 Tanzih District大雅區 Daya District新社區 Sinshe District石岡區 Shihgang District外埔區 Waipu District大安區 Daan District烏日區 Wurih District大肚區 Dadu District龍井區 Longjing District霧峰區 Wufong District太平區 Taiping District大里區 Dali District和平區 Heping District 台灣積體電路製造股份有限公司 www tsmc com Archived from the original on 2018 11 20 Retrieved 2018 11 20 系統訊息 www giantcyclingworld com Archived from the original on 2018 11 09 Retrieved 2018 11 20 SRAM Opens Asia Development Center Bike Europe Archived from the original on 2018 11 21 Retrieved 2018 11 20 Let s Go On a Backpacking The Must buy Taichung Local Specialties Tra News Archived from the original on 2012 03 07 Retrieved 2010 07 11 台式茶文化登陸 春水堂 Taiwan Panorama December 2006 Archived from the original on 2011 07 16 Retrieved 2010 07 11 Romanization of Taichung s top 50 Main Roads Archived from the original on 2006 02 06 Retrieved 2006 09 29 107臺中市寺廟登記概況 PDF Civil Affairs Bureau Taichung City Government in Chinese Taiwan 2018 Archived PDF from the original on June 10 2022 Retrieved March 15 2021 Dajia Matsu Pilgrimage in C Taiwan to take place June 11 20 Taiwan News Central News Agency June 18 2020 Archived from the original on June 10 2022 Retrieved March 15 2021 大甲媽祖遶境進香 直轄市登錄 National Cultural Heritage Database Management System in Chinese Taiwan Bureau of Cultural Heritage Archived from the original on April 30 2019 Retrieved March 15 2021 Le Cheng Temple Taichung and Hanxi Mazu s Eighteen Villages Celebration Parade Religious Scenes Top 100 Ministry of the Interior Archived from the original on September 26 2020 Retrieved March 15 2021 Chiu Lisa 1998 ABOUT TOWN Hitting the Night Markets Compass Magazine Vol 5 no 5 Taichung Taiwan Archived from the original on 2007 10 10 Retrieved 2007 10 10 Taiwan to hold Special Force 2 Pro League video game tourney FOCUS TAIWAN March 25 2015 Archived from the original on October 14 2015 Retrieved October 22 2015 About Us Archived from the original on 2021 02 27 Retrieved 2020 12 18 Taichung City Diplomacy Archived from the original on 2007 07 01 Retrieved 2006 09 29 祝 名古屋市と台中市が 観光分野におけるパートナー都市協定 を締結 Friends of Lee Teng Hui Association of Japan in Japanese 2019 10 28 Archived from the original on 2019 12 18 Retrieved 2019 12 18 Bibliography EditDavidson James W 1903 Chapter XVII Progressive Formosa A Province of China 1886 1894 The Island of Formosa Past and Present history people resources and commercial prospects tea camphor sugar gold coal sulphur economical plants and other productions London and New York Macmillan OL 6931635M Gardella Robert 1999 From Treaty Ports to Provincial Status 1860 1894 In Rubinstein Murry A ed Taiwan A New History New York M E Sharpe ISBN 9781563248160 Phillips Steven 1999 Between Assimilation and Independence Taiwanese Political Aspirations Under Chinese Nationalist Rule 1945 1948 In Rubinstein Murry A ed Taiwan A New History New York M E Sharpe ISBN 9781563248160 Roy Denny 2003 Taiwan A Political History Ithaca Cornell University Press ISBN 9780801488054 Takekoshi Yosaburō 1907 Japanese rule in Formosa London New York Bombay and Calcutta Longmans Green and co OCLC 753129 OL 6986981M External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Taichung City Look up Taichung in Wiktionary the free dictionary Taichung travel guide from Wikivoyage Geographic data related to Taichung at OpenStreetMap Official website Sarah Shair Rosenfield November 2020 Taiwan combined PDF The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Retrieved 29 May 2021 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Taichung amp oldid 1094490651, wikipedia, wiki, book,

books

, library,

article

, read, download, free, free download, mp3, video, mp4, 3gp, jpg, jpeg, gif, png, picture, music, song, movie, book, game, games.