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In this Lebanese name, the father's name is Saeb and the family name is Salam.

Tammam Saeb Salam (Arabic:تمّام صائب سلام, Arabic pronunciation: ; born 13 May 1945) is a Lebanese politician who was the Prime Minister of Lebanon from February 2014 until December 2016. He also served as the acting President of Lebanon from May 2014 until October 2016 in his capacity as prime minister. He previously served in the government of Lebanon as minister of culture from 2008 to 2009.

Tammam Salam
Salam in 2016
Prime Minister of Lebanon
In office
15 February 2014 – 18 December 2016
PresidentMichel Suleiman
Himself(Acting)
Michel Aoun
DeputySamir Mouqbel
Preceded byNajib Mikati
Succeeded bySaad Hariri
President of Lebanon
Acting
In office
25 May 2014 – 31 October 2016
Prime MinisterHimself
Preceded byMichel Suleiman
Succeeded byMichel Aoun
Minister of Culture
In office
11 July 2008 – 9 November 2009
Prime MinisterFouad Siniora
Preceded byTarek Mitri
Succeeded bySalim Wardeh
Personal details
Born (1945-05-13)13 May 1945 (age 77)
Beirut, Lebanon
Political partyFuture Movement
Spouse(s)Lama Badreddine
Children3
Parent(s)
Alma materHaigazian University

Salam was tasked with forming a new government on 6 April 2013. He was one of the independent Sunni politicians. He is close to the March 14 Alliance, and still has good relations with the March 8 Alliance. Salam was appointed Prime Minister on 15 February 2014.

Contents

Salam was born into a prominent Sunni family in Beirut on 13 May 1945. He comes from a politically powerful family in Lebanon. He is the eldest son of the former Lebanese prime minister Saeb Salam, who held the office several times since independence. His mother, Tamima Mardam Beik, is of Syrian origin and hails from Damascus. His grandfather, Salim Ali Salam, was one of the Lebanese officials who served during the Ottoman era and French era. More specifically, he served as a Beirut deputy in the Ottoman parliament and was also the head of the Beirut municipality. Tammam Salam has two older sisters and two younger brothers.

Tammam Salam is a graduate of Grand Lycée Franco-Libanais and Haigazian University in Beirut. He also holds an economics and management degree which he received in England.

Salam began his career as a businessman after graduation. He joined the political field at the beginning of the 1970s. He established the Pioneers of Reform Movement (Arabic:حركة روّاد الإصلاح) in 1973. The objective of the movement was to follow a moderate policy in the middle of the turmoil in the country. On the other hand, the movement was also regarded as the private militia group of Salam's father, Saeb Salam. However, the movement was dissolved by Tammam Salam at the initial phase of the Lebanese civil war in order to avoid being part of the militant activities.

In 1978, he joined the Makassed foundation, a non-profit charity organization in Beirut as a board member. He became the president of the foundation in 1982. The leadership of the foundation was passed through generations in the Salam family. Tammam Salam resigned as president of the Foundation in September 2000. He is currently the honorary president of the Foundation. Later, he also became the head of the Saeb Salam Foundation for culture and higher education.

In the general elections of 1992, Salam was a candidate, but later he withdrew his candidacy as a protest over the Syrian dominance in Lebanon. His boycott aimed at supporting the Lebanese Christians in an attempt to preserve the sectarian balance in the country. Salam was first elected to the parliament in the 1996 elections from Beirut as an independent candidate. However Salam lost his seat in the general elections held in 2000. He did not run for office in the 2005 general elections.

He was appointed minister of culture in the cabinet led by Prime Minister Fouad Siniora on 11 July 2008. Salam also won his seat in the general elections held in 2009. He entered an electoral alliance with Saad Hariri and became part of his list in Beirut's third district. Salam was an independent member of the Lebanese parliament. In addition, he was part of the Lebanon First bloc in the parliament, but not a member of any political party, making him a centrist figure.

30 September 2015 – President Tammam Salam addressed the United Nations General Assembly during general debates, attended other events both within the UN and beyond, met with various world leaders.

Premiership

Following the resignation of Najib Mikati as prime minister on 23 March 2013, Salam was designated as a consensus Prime Minister. The 14 March Alliance officially nominated Salam as prime minister. Salam was tasked with forming a government on 6 April 2013 after garnering 124 votes out of 128 parliament members. On 15 February 2014, he announced the formation of a new government of 24 ministers.

In 2014, Salam became the acting president after the Parliament failed to elected a new one to succeed Michel Suleiman. Two years later, Michel Aoun was elected an took office, which led to his resignation and the forming of a new government.

Following the assassination of Rafik Hariri on 14 February 2005, Salam said "Playing with emotions is a very dangerous game in Lebanon, a game which Hariri himself never subscribed to." referring to mass demonstrations blaming Syria for the assassination in the country.

Salam is married to Lama Badreddine and has three children from a previous marriage.

  1. Sami Moubayed (3 August 2006). "Nasrallah and the three Lebanons". Asia Times Online. Archived from the original on 13 August 2006.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  2. "Hezbollah bloc to back Salam for Lebanon premier". Reuters. 5 April 2013.
  3. Lebanese PM unveils national unity cabinet Al Jazeera. Retrieved 16 February 2014.
  4. Lebanon Forms a Cabinet After 11 Months of Deadlock New York Times. Retrieved 29 June 2014.
  5. Lebanon Cabinet formed after 10-month stalemate USA Today. Retrieved 29 June 2014.
  6. Lebanon forms new government after months of political deadlock The Guardian. Retrieved 29 June 2014.
  7. "Lebanon Biographies of Potential Prime Ministers Following PM Karami's Cabinet Resignation". Wikileaks. 3 March 2003. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013.
  8. R. Hrair Dekmejian (1975). Patterns of Political Leade: Egypt, Israel, Lebanon. SUNY Press. p. 5. ISBN 978-0-87395-291-0.
  9. Sami Moubayed (n.d.). "From Father to Son in Beiruti Politics". Mid East Views. Archived from the original on 11 April 2013.
  10. Ranwa Yehia (27 January – 2 February 2000). "Salam bid farewell". Al Ahram Weekly. 466.
  11. Hussein Dakroub (5 April 2013). "Salam emerges as Lebanon's next PM". The Daily Star. Beirut.
  12. "Lebanon names Salam as prime minister". The Guardian. AP. 6 April 2013.
  13. Bassem Mroue (5 April 2013). "Lebanon Names UK-Educated Lawmaker Prime Minister". ABC News. AP.
  14. "Lebanon's Salam - consensus PM for tough times". France24. AFP. 6 April 2013. Archived from the original on 29 June 2013.
  15. "Lebanon's March 14 camp endorses PM candidate". Al Jazeera. 5 April 2013.
  16. "How Tammam Salam Became a Consensual Candidate". Moulahazat. 5 April 2013.
  17. Joseph A. Kechichian (9 May 2008). "One Lebanon was his vision". Gulf News.
  18. Wassim Mroueh (5 April 2013). "Salam: Form, role of government more important than its head". The Daily Star.
  19. "Haigazian University honors Minister of Culture". AZG Armenian Daily. 21 October 2008. Archived from the original on 7 October 2014.
  20. "Consensus builds on new Lebanon PM Tamam Salam". Ahram Online. AFP. 5 April 2013.
  21. Frank Tachau (1994). Political Parties of the Middle East and North Africa. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. p. 342. ISBN 9780313266492.[dead link]
  22. "1974 حركة رواد الاصلاح". Archived from the original on 24 February 2015. Retrieved29 June 2014.
  23. Samir Khalaf (1987). Lebanon's Predicament. New York: Columbia University Press. p. 91. ISBN 9780231063784.[dead link]
  24. "Profiles: Lebanon's new government". Lebanon Wire. 12 July 2008. Archived from the original on 11 May 2013.
  25. "Families, not parties, dominate Lebanese politics". The Courier. Beirut. AP. 11 February 1983.
  26. Hania Mourtada (7 April 2013). "Tamam Salam Asked to Form a Government in Lebanon". The New York Times.
  27. "Salam heaps praise on Makassed". The Daily Star. 12 September 2000.
  28. "Speakers". Arab Women Forum. 15–16 October 2009.
  29. "Many Lebanese back polls boycott". New Straits Times. 30 August 1992.
  30. "Lebanon's Salam - consensus premier for tough times". Al Arabiya. 6 April 2013.
  31. "Meet the government". Now Lebanon. 11 July 2008. Archived from the original on 5 October 2013.
  32. "Saeb Salam, 95, Former Lebanese Prime Minister". The New York Times. 23 January 2000.
  33. "Murr Releases Official Results of Lebanon's Second Round of Elections". Albawaba. 5 September 2000.
  34. Ranwa Yehia (7–13 September 2000). "A 'Future' premier". Al Ahram Weekly. 498. Archived from the original on 29 January 2012.
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  36. "Saad Hariri pledges to contest elections within opposition ranks". Lebanon Wire. 10 May 2005. Archived from the original on 21 March 2013.
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  38. "Saudi envoy calls for cabinet formed 'inside Lebanon'". The Daily Star. 14 July 2009.
  39. Therese Sfeir (8 May 2009). "Hariri vows Future Movement 'will follow path of peace'". The Daily Star.
  40. Sami Moubayed (9 June 2009). "Hezbollah handed a stinging defeat". Asia Times Online. Archived from the original on 11 June 2009.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  41. "Salam says Sunnite sect would not fight with other sects". NNA. 21 March 2013.
  42. "How MPs will vote". Now Lebanon. Archived from the original on 20 May 2013. Retrieved27 March 2013.
  43. Elie Hajj (4 April 2013). "Tammam Salam Likely March 14 Candidate for Lebanese Premier". Al Monitor.
  44. "Salam supports a technocratic cabinet". Now Lebanon. 28 January 2011. Archived from the original on 6 February 2016.
  45. Paul Salem (10 April 2013). "Lebanon Averts Crisis but New Prime Minister Faces Major Challenges". Carnegie Middle East.
  46. "Addressing UN, Lebanese Prime Minister calls on world powers to end 'ongoing massacres'". UN News. 30 September 2015.
  47. "Tammam Salam Meets Hariri, Prince Bandar". Naharnet. 4 April 2013.
  48. "Hariri led group nominates Salam as PM". Turkish Weekly Journal. Beirut. 5 April 2013. Archived from the original on 21 February 2014.
  49. Adam Pletts (6 April 2013). "Tammam Salam named new Lebanese prime minister". France 24.
  50. "Tammam Salam named new Lebanese PM". Xinhua. Beirut. 6 April 2013. Archived from the original on 10 April 2013.
  51. "Lebanon names Tammam Salam as new prime minister". BBC. 6 April 2013.
  52. "DECLARATION OF NEW CABINET: 30 MINISTERS, 5 INNOVATIVE MINISTRIES". National News Agency of Lebanon. 18 December 2016.
  53. Omayma Abdel Latif (3–9 March 2005). "What next, Lebanon?". Al Ahram Weekly. 732. Archived from the original on 25 March 2013.
Political offices
Preceded by Minister of Culture
2008–2009
Succeeded by
Preceded by Prime Minister of Lebanon
2014–2016
Succeeded by
Preceded by President of Lebanon
Acting

2014–2016
Succeeded by

Tammam Salam Article Talk Language Watch Edit In this Lebanese name the father s name is Saeb and the family name is Salam Tammam Saeb Salam Arabic تم ام صائب سلام Arabic pronunciation tamːaːm sˤaʔɪb salaːm born 13 May 1945 is a Lebanese politician who was the Prime Minister of Lebanon from February 2014 until December 2016 He also served as the acting President of Lebanon from May 2014 until October 2016 in his capacity as prime minister He previously served in the government of Lebanon as minister of culture from 2008 to 2009 Tammam SalamSalam in 2016Prime Minister of LebanonIn office 15 February 2014 18 December 2016PresidentMichel Suleiman Himself Acting Michel AounDeputySamir MouqbelPreceded byNajib MikatiSucceeded bySaad HaririPresident of Lebanon ActingIn office 25 May 2014 31 October 2016Prime MinisterHimselfPreceded byMichel SuleimanSucceeded byMichel AounMinister of CultureIn office 11 July 2008 9 November 2009Prime MinisterFouad SinioraPreceded byTarek MitriSucceeded bySalim WardehPersonal detailsBorn 1945 05 13 13 May 1945 age 77 Beirut LebanonPolitical partyFuture MovementSpouse s Lama BadreddineChildren3Parent s Saeb Salam father Alma materHaigazian University Salam was tasked with forming a new government on 6 April 2013 He was one of the independent Sunni politicians 1 He is close to the March 14 Alliance and still has good relations with the March 8 Alliance 2 Salam was appointed Prime Minister on 15 February 2014 3 4 5 6 Contents 1 Early life and education 2 Early careers 3 Later politics 3 1 Premiership 4 Views 5 Personal life 6 References 7 External linksEarly life and education EditSalam was born into a prominent Sunni family in Beirut on 13 May 1945 7 He comes from a politically powerful family in Lebanon 7 8 He is the eldest son of the former Lebanese prime minister Saeb Salam who held the office several times since independence 9 10 11 His mother Tamima Mardam Beik is of Syrian origin and hails from Damascus 12 13 14 His grandfather Salim Ali Salam was one of the Lebanese officials who served during the Ottoman era and French era 15 16 More specifically he served as a Beirut deputy in the Ottoman parliament and was also the head of the Beirut municipality 16 Tammam Salam has two older sisters and two younger brothers 17 Tammam Salam is a graduate of Grand Lycee Franco Libanais and Haigazian University in Beirut 18 19 He also holds an economics and management degree which he received in England 20 Early careers EditSalam began his career as a businessman after graduation 18 He joined the political field at the beginning of the 1970s 18 He established the Pioneers of Reform Movement Arabic حركة رو اد الإصلاح in 1973 21 22 The objective of the movement was to follow a moderate policy in the middle of the turmoil in the country 21 On the other hand the movement was also regarded as the private militia group of Salam s father Saeb Salam 23 However the movement was dissolved by Tammam Salam at the initial phase of the Lebanese civil war in order to avoid being part of the militant activities 18 In 1978 he joined the Makassed foundation a non profit charity organization in Beirut as a board member 18 He became the president of the foundation in 1982 24 The leadership of the foundation was passed through generations in the Salam family 25 26 Tammam Salam resigned as president of the Foundation in September 2000 27 He is currently the honorary president of the Foundation 12 Later he also became the head of the Saeb Salam Foundation for culture and higher education 28 Later politics EditIn the general elections of 1992 Salam was a candidate but later he withdrew his candidacy as a protest over the Syrian dominance in Lebanon 16 29 His boycott aimed at supporting the Lebanese Christians in an attempt to preserve the sectarian balance in the country 30 Salam was first elected to the parliament in the 1996 elections from Beirut as an independent candidate 31 32 However Salam lost his seat in the general elections held in 2000 33 34 He did not run for office in the 2005 general elections 35 36 He was appointed minister of culture in the cabinet led by Prime Minister Fouad Siniora on 11 July 2008 31 37 Salam also won his seat in the general elections held in 2009 38 He entered an electoral alliance with Saad Hariri and became part of his list in Beirut s third district 39 40 Salam was an independent member of the Lebanese parliament 41 42 In addition he was part of the Lebanon First bloc in the parliament 43 44 but not a member of any political party making him a centrist figure 45 30 September 2015 President Tammam Salam addressed the United Nations General Assembly during general debates attended other events both within the UN and beyond met with various world leaders 46 Premiership Edit Following the resignation of Najib Mikati as prime minister on 23 March 2013 Salam was designated as a consensus Prime Minister 47 The 14 March Alliance officially nominated Salam as prime minister 48 Salam was tasked with forming a government on 6 April 2013 after garnering 124 votes out of 128 parliament members 49 50 51 On 15 February 2014 he announced the formation of a new government of 24 ministers 3 In 2014 Salam became the acting president after the Parliament failed to elected a new one to succeed Michel Suleiman Two years later Michel Aoun was elected an took office which led to his resignation and the forming of a new government 52 Views EditFollowing the assassination of Rafik Hariri on 14 February 2005 Salam said Playing with emotions is a very dangerous game in Lebanon a game which Hariri himself never subscribed to referring to mass demonstrations blaming Syria for the assassination in the country 53 Personal life EditSalam is married to Lama Badreddine and has three children from a previous marriage 12 20 References Edit Sami Moubayed 3 August 2006 Nasrallah and the three Lebanons Asia Times Online Archived from the original on 13 August 2006 a href wiki Template Cite news title Template Cite news cite news a CS1 maint unfit URL link Hezbollah bloc to back Salam for Lebanon premier Reuters 5 April 2013 a b Lebanese PM unveils national unity cabinet Al Jazeera Retrieved 16 February 2014 Lebanon Forms a Cabinet After 11 Months of Deadlock New York Times Retrieved 29 June 2014 Lebanon Cabinet formed after 10 month stalemate USA Today Retrieved 29 June 2014 Lebanon forms new government after months of political deadlock The Guardian Retrieved 29 June 2014 a b Lebanon Biographies of Potential Prime Ministers Following PM Karami s Cabinet Resignation Wikileaks 3 March 2003 Archived from the original on 4 October 2013 R Hrair Dekmejian 1975 Patterns of Political Leade Egypt Israel Lebanon SUNY Press p 5 ISBN 978 0 87395 291 0 Sami Moubayed n d From Father to Son in Beiruti Politics Mid East Views Archived from the original on 11 April 2013 Ranwa Yehia 27 January 2 February 2000 Salam bid farewell Al Ahram Weekly 466 Hussein Dakroub 5 April 2013 Salam emerges as Lebanon s next PM The Daily Star Beirut a b c Lebanon names Salam as prime minister The Guardian AP 6 April 2013 Bassem Mroue 5 April 2013 Lebanon Names UK Educated Lawmaker Prime Minister ABC News AP Lebanon s Salam consensus PM for tough times France24 AFP 6 April 2013 Archived from the original on 29 June 2013 Lebanon s March 14 camp endorses PM candidate Al Jazeera 5 April 2013 a b c How Tammam Salam Became a Consensual Candidate Moulahazat 5 April 2013 Joseph A Kechichian 9 May 2008 One Lebanon was his vision Gulf News a b c d e Wassim Mroueh 5 April 2013 Salam Form role of government more important than its head The Daily Star Haigazian University honors Minister of Culture AZG Armenian Daily 21 October 2008 Archived from the original on 7 October 2014 a b Consensus builds on new Lebanon PM Tamam Salam Ahram Online AFP 5 April 2013 a b Frank Tachau 1994 Political Parties of the Middle East and North Africa Westport CT Greenwood Press p 342 ISBN 9780313266492 dead link 1974 حركة رواد الاصلاح Archived from the original on 24 February 2015 Retrieved 29 June 2014 Samir Khalaf 1987 Lebanon s Predicament New York Columbia University Press p 91 ISBN 9780231063784 dead link Profiles Lebanon s new government Lebanon Wire 12 July 2008 Archived from the original on 11 May 2013 Families not parties dominate Lebanese politics The Courier Beirut AP 11 February 1983 Hania Mourtada 7 April 2013 Tamam Salam Asked to Form a Government in Lebanon The New York Times Salam heaps praise on Makassed The Daily Star 12 September 2000 Speakers Arab Women Forum 15 16 October 2009 Many Lebanese back polls boycott New Straits Times 30 August 1992 Lebanon s Salam consensus premier for tough times Al Arabiya 6 April 2013 a b Meet the government Now Lebanon 11 July 2008 Archived from the original on 5 October 2013 Saeb Salam 95 Former Lebanese Prime Minister The New York Times 23 January 2000 Murr Releases Official Results of Lebanon s Second Round of Elections Albawaba 5 September 2000 Ranwa Yehia 7 13 September 2000 A Future premier Al Ahram Weekly 498 Archived from the original on 29 January 2012 Sami Moubayed 8 July 2005 The new face of Lebanon Asia Times Online Archived from the original on 12 December 2005 a href wiki Template Cite news title Template Cite news cite news a CS1 maint unfit URL link Saad Hariri pledges to contest elections within opposition ranks Lebanon Wire 10 May 2005 Archived from the original on 21 March 2013 Backgrounder Lebanon s new cabinet line up Xinhua Beirut 11 July 2008 Archived from the original on 21 February 2014 Saudi envoy calls for cabinet formed inside Lebanon The Daily Star 14 July 2009 Therese Sfeir 8 May 2009 Hariri vows Future Movement will follow path of peace The Daily Star Sami Moubayed 9 June 2009 Hezbollah handed a stinging defeat Asia Times Online Archived from the original on 11 June 2009 a href wiki Template Cite news title Template Cite news cite news a CS1 maint unfit URL link Salam says Sunnite sect would not fight with other sects NNA 21 March 2013 How MPs will vote Now Lebanon Archived from the original on 20 May 2013 Retrieved 27 March 2013 Elie Hajj 4 April 2013 Tammam Salam Likely March 14 Candidate for Lebanese Premier Al Monitor Salam supports a technocratic cabinet Now Lebanon 28 January 2011 Archived from the original on 6 February 2016 Paul Salem 10 April 2013 Lebanon Averts Crisis but New Prime Minister Faces Major Challenges Carnegie Middle East Addressing UN Lebanese Prime Minister calls on world powers to end ongoing massacres UN News 30 September 2015 Tammam Salam Meets Hariri Prince Bandar Naharnet 4 April 2013 Hariri led group nominates Salam as PM Turkish Weekly Journal Beirut 5 April 2013 Archived from the original on 21 February 2014 Adam Pletts 6 April 2013 Tammam Salam named new Lebanese prime minister France 24 Tammam Salam named new Lebanese PM Xinhua Beirut 6 April 2013 Archived from the original on 10 April 2013 Lebanon names Tammam Salam as new prime minister BBC 6 April 2013 DECLARATION OF NEW CABINET 30 MINISTERS 5 INNOVATIVE MINISTRIES National News Agency of Lebanon 18 December 2016 Omayma Abdel Latif 3 9 March 2005 What next Lebanon Al Ahram Weekly 732 Archived from the original on 25 March 2013 External links EditPolitical officesPreceded byTarek Mitri Minister of Culture 2008 2009 Succeeded bySalim WardehPreceded byNajib Mikati Prime Minister of Lebanon 2014 2016 Succeeded bySaad HaririPreceded byMichel Suleiman President of Lebanon Acting 2014 2016 Succeeded byMichel Aoun Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Tammam Salam amp oldid 1089923726, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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