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Further information: Film studio, Recording studio, and Studio
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A television studio, also called a television production studio, is an installation room in which video productions take place, either for the production of live television and its recording onto video tape or other media such as SSDs, or for the acquisition of raw footage for post-production. The design of a studio is similar to, and derived from, movie studios, with a few amendments for the special requirements of television production. A professional television studio generally has several rooms, which are kept separate for noise and practicality reasons. These rooms are connected via 'talkback' or an intercom, and personnel will be divided among these workplaces.

A television studio during a production of Kripo Live in Studio 1 of the Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk (MDR)

Contents

The studio floor is the actual stage on which the actions that will be recorded and viewed take place. A typical studio floor has the following characteristics and installations:

Tamvisio’s camera operators film a television program at Frenckell’s studio on January 2, 1965 in Tampere, Finland.

While a production is in progress, people composing a television crew work on the studio floor.

A Gallery Control Room in Celebro Studios London

The production control room is the place in a television studio in which the composition of the outgoing program takes place. The production control room is occasionally also called a studio control room (SCR) or a "gallery" – the latter name comes from the original placement of the director on an ornately carved bridge spanning the BBC's first studio at Alexandra Palace, which was once referred to as like a minstrels' gallery.

The vast majority of devices in a PCR are interfaces for rack-mounted equipment that is located in the Central Apparatus Room (CAR).

The central apparatus room (CAR) houses equipment that is too noisy or runs too hot to be located in the production control room (PCR). It also makes sure that coax cable, SDI cable, Fibre optic cable or other wire lengths and installation requirements keep within manageable lengths, since most high-quality wiring runs only between devices in this room. This can include the actual circuitry and connections between:

Main article: Master control

Master control is the technical hub of a broadcast operation common among most over-the-air television stations and television networks. Master control is distinct from a PCR in television studios where the activities such as switching from camera to camera are coordinated. A transmission control room (TCR) is usually smaller in size and is a scaled-down version of centralcasting.

The master control room in a US television station is the place where the on-air signal is controlled. It may include controls to playout pre-recorded television programs and television commercials, switch local or television network feeds, record satellite feeds and monitor the transmitter(s), or these items may be in an adjacent equipment rack room. If the program is broadcast live, the signal goes from the PCR to MCR and then out to the transmitter.

A make-up room at the Theatre Royal in Wexford, Ireland (October 2002).

A television studio usually has other rooms with no technical requirements beyond video monitors and studio monitors for audio. Among them are:

  1. "Behind the scenes at the cradle of TV". BBC News. 2 November 2011. Retrieved2 November 2011. Video of features of Alexandra Palace
  2. "Television Studio Facilities / Components". Broadcast West. 2 April 2014. Retrieved10 January 2015.

Media related to Television studios at Wikimedia Commons

Television studio Article Talk Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Television Production Further information Film studio Recording studio and Studio This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Television studio news newspapers books scholar JSTOR January 2015 Learn how and when to remove this template message A television studio also called a television production studio is an installation room in which video productions take place either for the production of live television and its recording onto video tape or other media such as SSDs or for the acquisition of raw footage for post production The design of a studio is similar to and derived from movie studios with a few amendments for the special requirements of television production A professional television studio generally has several rooms which are kept separate for noise and practicality reasons These rooms are connected via talkback or an intercom and personnel will be divided among these workplaces A television studio during a production of Kripo Live in Studio 1 of the Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk MDR Contents 1 Studio floor 2 Production control room 3 Central apparatus room 4 Master control room 5 Other facilities 6 See also 7 References 8 External linksStudio floor Edit The set for The Nightly Show with Larry Wilmore at a studio in Hell s Kitchen Manhattan The studio floor is the actual stage on which the actions that will be recorded and viewed take place A typical studio floor has the following characteristics and installations decoration and or sets professional video camera sometimes one usually several typically mounted on pedestals microphones and foldback speakers stage lighting rigs and the associated Lighting control console although it is often located in the production control room PCR several video monitors for visual feedback from the PCR a small public address system for communication a glass window between the PCR and studio floor for direct visual contact is often desired but not always possible View from an audience seat of a late night talk show Tamvisio s camera operators film a television program at Frenckell s studio on January 2 1965 in Tampere Finland While a production is in progress people composing a television crew work on the studio floor the on screen presenters themselves and any guests the subjects of the television show a floor manager who has overall charge of the studio area stage management and who relays timing and other information from the television director one or more camera operators who operate the cameras though in some instances these can also be operated from the PCR using remotely controlled robotic pan tilt zoom camera PTZ heads possibly a teleprompter operator especially if this is a live television news broadcastProduction control room Edit A Gallery Control Room in Celebro Studios London Main article Production control room The production control room is the place in a television studio in which the composition of the outgoing program takes place The production control room is occasionally also called a studio control room SCR or a gallery the latter name comes from the original placement of the director on an ornately carved bridge spanning the BBC s first studio at Alexandra Palace which was once referred to as like a minstrels gallery 1 The vast majority of devices in a PCR are interfaces for rack mounted equipment that is located in the Central Apparatus Room CAR Central apparatus room EditMain article Central apparatus room The central apparatus room CAR houses equipment that is too noisy or runs too hot to be located in the production control room PCR It also makes sure that coax cable SDI cable Fibre optic cable or other wire lengths and installation requirements keep within manageable lengths since most high quality wiring runs only between devices in this room This can include the actual circuitry and connections between character generator CG camera control units CCU digital video effects DVE video routers video servers vision mixer video switcher VTRs patch panelsMaster control room EditMain article Master control Master control is the technical hub of a broadcast operation common among most over the air television stations and television networks Master control is distinct from a PCR in television studios where the activities such as switching from camera to camera are coordinated A transmission control room TCR is usually smaller in size and is a scaled down version of centralcasting The master control room in a US television station is the place where the on air signal is controlled It may include controls to playout pre recorded television programs and television commercials switch local or television network feeds record satellite feeds and monitor the transmitter s or these items may be in an adjacent equipment rack room If the program is broadcast live the signal goes from the PCR to MCR and then out to the transmitter Other facilities Edit A make up room at the Theatre Royal in Wexford Ireland October 2002 A television studio usually has other rooms with no technical requirements beyond video monitors and studio monitors for audio Among them are 2 one or more make up and changing rooms a reception area for crew talent and visitors commonly called the green room an audience handling areaSee also EditBroadcast engineering Electronic field production EFP Electronic news gathering ENG Remote broadcast Outside broadcasting OB Television crew Television studies Production teamReferences Edit Behind the scenes at the cradle of TV BBC News 2 November 2011 Retrieved 2 November 2011 Video of features of Alexandra Palace Television Studio Facilities Components Broadcast West 2 April 2014 Retrieved 10 January 2015 External links Edit Media related to Television studios at Wikimedia Commons Retrieved from https en 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