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The Territoire de Belfort (French pronunciation: ()) is a department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region, eastern France.

Territoire de Belfort
View to the west from the Citadelle de Belfort
Flag
Coat of arms
Location of Territoire de Belfort in France
Coordinates:47°45′N7°00′E /47.750°N 7.000°E /47.750; 7.000Coordinates: 47°45′N7°00′E /47.750°N 7.000°E /47.750; 7.000
CountryFrance
RegionBourgogne-Franche-Comté
PrefectureBelfort
Subprefectures(none)
Government
President of the General CouncilFlorian Bouquet (UMP)
Area
• Total609.4 km2 (235.3 sq mi)
Population
(Jan. 2019)
• Total141,318
• Rank98th
• Density230/km2 (600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number90
Arrondissements1
Cantons9
Communes101
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2
Population trends in the Territoire-de-Belfort. Note that the scale on this chart is not linear.
Territorial evolution of the departments in and around Alsace-Lorraine, showing the boundary of the 1871–1918 German Empire in yellow, separating the Territoire-de-Belfort (labelled 90) from the rest of Haut-Rhin (68)

Contents

Its departmental code is 90, and its prefecture (capital) is Belfort. There is a single arrondissement (Belfort), which is subdivided into 9 cantons and thence into 101 communes.

The administrative district Territoire de Belfort was created under the terms of the 1871 Treaty of Frankfurt. The German Empire annexed almost all of Alsace, but the French were able to negotiate retention of the Territoire de Belfort which thereby was separated from the rest of Alsace (where it had been part of the department of Haut-Rhin). There were three principal reasons for this exceptional treatment:

  • The population in and around Belfort was French-speaking.
  • Belfort had demonstrated heroic resistance, under Colonel Pierre Denfert-Rochereau, to the German invasion. Belfort's left-wing Catholic Deputy Émile Keller now conducted a similarly forceful political campaign in the National Assembly. He argued that ceding heroic Belfort to Germany after the war would be unthinkable.
  • Since Belfort is situated in a relatively flat passage between the Vosges and Jura mountain ranges (known as the Belfort Gap), the Germans agreed to leave the city in France, because the Prussian military officers indicated that this strategy would give Germany a more defensible border.

After retaining its unique status as aterritoire for just over half a century, Belfort was officially recognized as France's 90th department in 1922. France had recovered Alsace three years earlier, but the decision was taken not to reintegrate Belfort into its former department. There was talk of giving it a new departmental name, with suggestions that included "Savoureuse" (after the main river of the new department) or "Mont-Terrible" (the name of a former Napoleonic department embracing parts of Switzerland), but there was no consensus for a name change and the department continues to be known as the Territoire de Belfort.

When the regions of France were created, Belfort was not included in the region of Alsace, but the adjacent region of Franche-Comté, since January 2016 Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.

The median net income per household for the department in 2017 was €21,310. The averaged figure for the Territoire de Belfort masked relatively large disparities such as, in particular, that between Belfort itself at €17,920 and Bermont at €26,600.

In 2013 the department recorded a population of 144,318. Of these, slightly more than 50,000 live in the commune of Belfort itself.

Four principal phases can be identified in the population trends during the two centuries between 1801 and 2000.

  • the period from 1800 to 1872 was marked by steady economic development and a relatively high birth rate. However, the cholera epidemic which in 1851 arose from increasing urbanisation, along with a more general economic slow-down, reduced the rate of increase in the third quarter of the century. Between 1803 and 1872 the recorded population increased from 37,558 to 56,781.
  • after the loss to Germany of most of Alsace in 1871, the Belfort population was boosted by the arrival of large numbers of refugees from "Germanisation": the years between 1871 and 1914 saw the development of large factories, with the mechanical and textile sectors being prominent growth areas. The population increase and the economic development were at their most intense in the Belfort conglomeration itself. By 1911 the territoire's population figure stood at 101,392.
  • in the years between 1914 and 1945 the economic narrative was dominated by two world wars and the period of stagnation that came between them. Population declined, having slipped to 86,648 in 1946.
  • after 1945 the region became a focus for industrial growth: population levels followed the same rising trend, to stand at 131,999 in 1982. Nevertheless, as in many parts of France, from about 1980 it was clear that the economic crisis of the 1970s was having a lasting effect in slowing the pace of expansion.

Geographers might contend that Belfort lies on the ridge that divides two regions of France, but before 1870 it was politically part of Alsace. However, in terms of the political regions established in 1982, the Territoire de Belfort has found itself in the Franche-Comté rather than Alsace.

The department has an area of only 609 km2 (235 sq. miles), being the fifth smallest of France (after Paris and its suburbs Hauts-de-Seine, Seine-Saint-Denis, and Val-de-Marne). It is sightly smaller than Malta or the State of Rhode Island.

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it.(January 2019)

Media related to Territoire de Belfort at Wikimedia Commons

Territoire de Belfort Article Talk Language Watch Edit The Territoire de Belfort French pronunciation tɛʁitwaʁ de bɛlfɔʁ listen is a department in the Bourgogne Franche Comte region eastern France Territoire de BelfortDepartmentView to the west from the Citadelle de BelfortFlagCoat of armsLocation of Territoire de Belfort in FranceCoordinates 47 45 N 7 00 E 47 750 N 7 000 E 47 750 7 000 Coordinates 47 45 N 7 00 E 47 750 N 7 000 E 47 750 7 000CountryFranceRegionBourgogne Franche ComtePrefectureBelfortSubprefectures none Government President of the General CouncilFlorian Bouquet UMP Area1 Total609 4 km2 235 3 sq mi Population Jan 2019 1 Total141 318 Rank98th Density230 km2 600 sq mi Time zoneUTC 1 CET Summer DST UTC 2 CEST Department number90Arrondissements1Cantons9Communes101 1 French Land Register data which exclude estuaries and lakes ponds and glaciers larger than 1 km2Population trends in the Territoire de Belfort Note that the scale on this chart is not linear Territorial evolution of the departments in and around Alsace Lorraine showing the boundary of the 1871 1918 German Empire in yellow separating the Territoire de Belfort labelled 90 from the rest of Haut Rhin 68 Contents 1 Administration 2 History 3 Economy 4 Population and demography 5 Geography 6 Politics 7 Current National Assembly Representatives 8 Current Senate Representatives 9 Tourism 10 See also 11 References 12 External linksAdministration EditIts departmental code is 90 and its prefecture capital is Belfort There is a single arrondissement Belfort which is subdivided into 9 cantons and thence into 101 communes History EditThe administrative district Territoire de Belfort was created under the terms of the 1871 Treaty of Frankfurt The German Empire annexed almost all of Alsace but the French were able to negotiate retention of the Territoire de Belfort which thereby was separated from the rest of Alsace where it had been part of the department of Haut Rhin There were three principal reasons for this exceptional treatment The population in and around Belfort was French speaking Belfort had demonstrated heroic resistance under Colonel Pierre Denfert Rochereau to the German invasion Belfort s left wing Catholic Deputy Emile Keller now conducted a similarly forceful political campaign in the National Assembly He argued that ceding heroic Belfort to Germany after the war would be unthinkable Since Belfort is situated in a relatively flat passage between the Vosges and Jura mountain ranges known as the Belfort Gap the Germans agreed to leave the city in France because the Prussian military officers indicated that this strategy would give Germany a more defensible border 2 After retaining its unique status as a territoire for just over half a century Belfort was officially recognized as France s 90th department in 1922 France had recovered Alsace three years earlier but the decision was taken not to reintegrate Belfort into its former department There was talk of giving it a new departmental name with suggestions that included Savoureuse after the main river of the new department or Mont Terrible the name of a former Napoleonic department embracing parts of Switzerland but there was no consensus for a name change and the department continues to be known as the Territoire de Belfort When the regions of France were created Belfort was not included in the region of Alsace but the adjacent region of Franche Comte since January 2016 Bourgogne Franche Comte Economy EditThe median net income per household for the department in 2017 was 21 310 The averaged figure for the Territoire de Belfort masked relatively large disparities such as in particular that between Belfort itself at 17 920 and Bermont at 26 600 3 Population and demography EditIn 2013 the department recorded a population of 144 318 Of these slightly more than 50 000 live in the commune of Belfort itself Four principal phases can be identified in the population trends during the two centuries between 1801 and 2000 the period from 1800 to 1872 was marked by steady economic development and a relatively high birth rate However the cholera epidemic which in 1851 arose from increasing urbanisation along with a more general economic slow down reduced the rate of increase in the third quarter of the century Between 1803 and 1872 the recorded population increased from 37 558 to 56 781 after the loss to Germany of most of Alsace in 1871 the Belfort population was boosted by the arrival of large numbers of refugees from Germanisation the years between 1871 and 1914 saw the development of large factories with the mechanical and textile sectors being prominent growth areas The population increase and the economic development were at their most intense in the Belfort conglomeration itself By 1911 the territoire s population figure stood at 101 392 in the years between 1914 and 1945 the economic narrative was dominated by two world wars and the period of stagnation that came between them Population declined having slipped to 86 648 in 1946 after 1945 the region became a focus for industrial growth population levels followed the same rising trend to stand at 131 999 in 1982 Nevertheless as in many parts of France from about 1980 it was clear that the economic crisis of the 1970s was having a lasting effect in slowing the pace of expansion Geography EditGeographers might contend that Belfort lies on the ridge that divides two regions of France but before 1870 it was politically part of Alsace However in terms of the political regions established in 1982 the Territoire de Belfort has found itself in the Franche Comte rather than Alsace The department has an area of only 609 km2 235 sq miles being the fifth smallest of France after Paris and its suburbs Hauts de Seine Seine Saint Denis and Val de Marne It is sightly smaller than Malta or the State of Rhode Island Politics EditSee also Departmental Council of Territoire de BelfortThis section is empty You can help by adding to it January 2019 Current National Assembly Representatives EditConstituency Member 4 PartyTerritoire de Belfort s 1st constituency Ian Boucard The RepublicansTerritoire de Belfort s 2nd constituency Michel Zumkeller Union of Democrats and IndependentsCurrent Senate Representatives EditConstituency Member 5 PartyTerritoire de Belfort s Senate constituency Cedric Perrin The RepublicansTourism Edit The Lion of Belfort commemorates the resistance of Belfort during the Franco Prussian War Streets in Belfort Cascade of the Savoureuse river Eurockeennes music festivalSee also EditCommunes of the Territoire de Belfort department Cantons of the Territoire de Belfort department Arrondissement of BelfortReferences Edit Telechargement du fichier d ensemble des populations legales en 2019 The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies 28 December 2020 Bismarks Mittheilung uber den Friedendschluss Passauer Zeitung Vol 24 no 124 16 May 1871 p 1 Comparateur de territoire Commune de Belfort 90010 Territoire de Belfort 90 Commune de Bermont 90011 INSEE Retrieved 9 September 2020 Assemblee Nationale Assemblee nationale Les deputes le vote de la loi le Parlement francais Assemblee nationale fr Retrieved 2022 03 19 Liste par departement Senat www senat fr Retrieved 2020 07 22 External links Edit Media related to Territoire de Belfort at Wikimedia Commons in French Prefecture website in French General council website in English Tourist Office website Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Territoire de Belfort amp oldid 1091296085, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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