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A territorial collectivity (or territorial authority, French: collectivité territoriale, previously collectivité locale) is a chartered subdivision of France, with recognized governing authority. It is the generic name for any subdivision (subnational entity) with an elective form of local government and local regulatory authority. The nature of a French territorial collectivity is set forth in Article 72 of the French Constitution of 1958, which provides for local autonomy within limits prescribed by law.

Contents

  • New Caledonia is the only French local government that is not a collectivité territoriale. It has its own articles in the French Constitution. Since it cannot be categorized, it is sometimes unofficially called a collectivité sui generis (although "collectivity" is not, strictly speaking, a legal category). It is also unofficially called a pays (d'outre-mer), because its local legislative assembly (the congress) can rule using its own lois du pays. New Caledonia voted in 2020 to reject independence and maintain its current status.
  • Corsica became the first collectivité territoriale unique that is within metropolitan France starting on 1 January 2018, with new territorial elections held as a result.
  • The régions are divided into départements: ROMs are divided into DOMs; New Caledonia is divided into provinces; départements, COMs (except Saint Barthélemy, Saint-Martin, and Wallis and Futuna), DOMs, and provinces all are divided into communes.
  • The commune of Poya is the only French subdivision assigned to two upper-level units (the provinces of North and South).
  • Paris and some overseas entities belong to two categories.
    • Paris is both a département and a commune. It has one mayor and one assembly.
    • French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Réunion are both ROM and DOM. Guadeloupe and Réunion each have two presidents and two assemblies, while French Guiana, Martinique and Mayotte each have a single assembly.
  • Each COM has its own statutory law that gives it a particular designation:
  • The assembly of a région and of a ROM is the regional council (conseil régional). They are presided over by a president of the regional council (président du conseil régional).
    • Corsica's assembly is called the assemblée de Corse (Corsican Assembly). It is also presided over by the president of the regional council.
  • The assembly of a département (except Paris) or that of a DOM is called a conseil départemental. It is presided over by a président du conseil départemental.
  • The assembly of a province is called an assemblée de province. It is presided over by a président de l'assemblée de province.
  • A commune's assembly (except that of Paris) is called a conseil municipal. It is presided over by a mayor (maire).
  • The Assembly of French Polynesia is presided over by the président de la Polynésie française.
  • Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin, and Saint Pierre and Miquelon's assemblies are called conseil territorial. Each of these is presided over by a président du conseil territorial.
  • Wallis and Futuna's assembly is called an assemblée territoriale. It is presided over by the prefect (préfet).
  • New Caledonia's assembly is called a congrès. It is presided over by the président du gouvernement.
  • The category of overseas territory (territoires d'outre-mer) was eliminated under the constitutional reform of 28 March 2003. French Southern Territories is still a TOM, but this is now a particular designation, not a category. This uninhabited territory no longer is a collectivité territoriale.
  • Mayotte and Saint Pierre and Miquelon used to be collectivités territoriales belonging to no category (but with a status close to that of a DOM), sometimes unofficially called collectivité territoriale à statut particulier, or collectivité territoriale d'outre-mer.
  • Mayotte held a vote in 2009 to change its status, and it became a ROM in 2011.[citation needed]
  • Guadeloupians and Réunionnais have refused to eliminate their ROM and DOM in order to create a unique collectivité territoriale.[citation needed]
  • The European Collectivity of Alsace became effective on the first day of 2021.
  1. Bridge, F.H.S. (1994). The Council of Europe French-English Legal Dictionary. Council of Europe. p. 37. ISBN 978-92-871-2496-8. collectivité — community, body, authority, taxpayer. […] collectivité territorialeterritorial authority.
  2. "Collectivité territoriale" (in French). INSEE.
  3. Not the same as an intercommunal metropolis.
  4. "New phase of administrative decentralisation launched". eironline. 2003-04-29. Retrieved2014-01-03.

Territorial collectivity Article Talk Language Watch Edit This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Territorial collectivity news newspapers books scholar JSTOR January 2016 Learn how and when to remove this template message A territorial collectivity or territorial authority 1 French collectivite territoriale previously collectivite locale is a chartered subdivision of France with recognized governing authority It is the generic name for any subdivision subnational entity with an elective form of local government and local regulatory authority The nature of a French territorial collectivity is set forth in Article 72 of the French Constitution of 1958 which provides for local autonomy within limits prescribed by law 2 Contents 1 Categories 2 Other facts 3 Administration 4 Past and future territorial collectivities 5 See also 6 ReferencesCategories EditRegions France has 18 regions or 14 not including single territorial collectivities collectivities with special status Departments France has 94 departments as territorial collectivities most recently the merger of the territorial collectivities of Bas Rhin and Haut Rhin to form the European Collectivity of Alsace However the word is also used for the 101 territorial divisions of the State administration which in most cases cover the same area as territorial collectivities Collectivities with special status this status is awarded by specific laws to 6 collectivities which replace departments and regions Corsica French Guiana Greater Lyon 3 Martinique Mayotte and Paris Overseas collectivities collectivites d outre mer COM France has five COMs Provinces There are 3 provinces all in New Caledonia Communes There are 36 782 communes They are found throughout the republic except for Saint Barthelemy Saint Martin Wallis and Futuna which are subdivided differently as well as uninhabited Clipperton Island which is directly administered by the office of the Prime Minister and the Minister of Overseas France citation needed Other facts EditNew Caledonia is the only French local government that is not a collectivite territoriale It has its own articles in the French Constitution Since it cannot be categorized it is sometimes unofficially called a collectivite sui generis although collectivity is not strictly speaking a legal category It is also unofficially called a pays d outre mer because its local legislative assembly the congress can rule using its own lois du pays New Caledonia voted in 2020 to reject independence and maintain its current status Corsica became the first collectivite territoriale unique that is within metropolitan France starting on 1 January 2018 with new territorial elections held as a result The regions are divided into departements ROMs are divided into DOMs New Caledonia is divided into provinces departements COMs except Saint Barthelemy Saint Martin and Wallis and Futuna DOMs and provinces all are divided into communes The commune of Poya is the only French subdivision assigned to two upper level units the provinces of North and South Paris and some overseas entities belong to two categories Paris is both a departement and a commune It has one mayor and one assembly French Guiana Guadeloupe Martinique Mayotte and Reunion are both ROM and DOM Guadeloupe and Reunion each have two presidents and two assemblies while French Guiana Martinique and Mayotte each have a single assembly Each COM has its own statutory law that gives it a particular designation French Polynesia is designated as a pays d outre mer Saint Barthelemy and Saint Martin as collectivites Saint Pierre and Miquelon as a collectivite territoriale and Wallis and Futuna as a territoire Administration EditThe assembly of a region and of a ROM is the regional council conseil regional They are presided over by a president of the regional council president du conseil regional Corsica s assembly is called the assemblee de Corse Corsican Assembly It is also presided over by the president of the regional council The assembly of a departement except Paris or that of a DOM is called a conseil departemental It is presided over by a president du conseil departemental The assembly of a province is called an assemblee de province It is presided over by a president de l assemblee de province A commune s assembly except that of Paris is called a conseil municipal It is presided over by a mayor maire The Paris assembly is called the conseil de Paris It is also presided over by a mayor The Assembly of French Polynesia is presided over by the president de la Polynesie francaise Saint Barthelemy Saint Martin and Saint Pierre and Miquelon s assemblies are called conseil territorial Each of these is presided over by a president du conseil territorial Wallis and Futuna s assembly is called an assemblee territoriale It is presided over by the prefect prefet New Caledonia s assembly is called a congres It is presided over by the president du gouvernement Past and future territorial collectivities EditThe category of overseas territory territoires d outre mer was eliminated under the constitutional reform of 28 March 2003 French Southern Territories is still a TOM but this is now a particular designation not a category This uninhabited territory no longer is a collectivite territoriale 4 Mayotte and Saint Pierre and Miquelon used to be collectivites territoriales belonging to no category but with a status close to that of a DOM sometimes unofficially called collectivite territoriale a statut particulier or collectivite territoriale d outre mer Mayotte held a vote in 2009 to change its status and it became a ROM in 2011 citation needed Guadeloupians and Reunionnais have refused to eliminate their ROM and DOM in order to create a unique collectivite territoriale citation needed The European Collectivity of Alsace became effective on the first day of 2021 See also EditAdministrative divisions of France Local governmentReferences Edit Bridge F H S 1994 The Council of Europe French English Legal Dictionary Council of Europe p 37 ISBN 978 92 871 2496 8 collectivite community body authority taxpayer collectivite territoriale territorial authority Collectivite territoriale in French INSEE Not the same as an intercommunal metropolis New phase of administrative decentralisation launched eironline 2003 04 29 Retrieved 2014 01 03 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Territorial collectivity amp oldid 1088178799, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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