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"Blue Marble" redirects here. For other uses, see Blue Marble (disambiguation).

The Blue Marble is an image of Earth taken on December 7, 1972, from a distance of about 29,000 kilometers (18,000 miles) from the planet's surface. Taken by the crew of the Apollo 17 spacecraft on its way to the Moon, it is one of the most reproduced images in history.

The Blue Marble, taken by the Apollo 17 crew in 1972

It mainly shows Earth from the Mediterranean Sea to Antarctica. This was the first time the Apollo trajectory made it possible to photograph the south polar ice cap, despite the Southern Hemisphere being heavily covered in clouds. In addition to the Arabian Peninsula and Madagascar, almost the entire coastline of Africa and most of the Indian Ocean are clearly visible. The South Asian mainland is on the eastern limb.

NASA has also applied the name to a 2012 series of images which cover the entire globe at relatively high resolution. These were created by looking through satellite pictures taken over time in order to find as many cloudless photographs as possible to use in the final images.

Contents

Color-calibrated version.

The photograph, taken on December 7, 1972, is one of the most widely distributed photographic images in existence. The astronauts had the Sun above them when they took the image. To the astronauts, the slightly gibbous Earth had the appearance and size of a glass marble, hence the name.

History

Context

The Blue Marble was not the first clear color image taken of an illuminated face of Earth, since such images by satellites had already been made and released as early as 1967, although it still is the first time when such a photo was taken by a person.

Before the Blue Marble a picture of the fully illuminated Earth by the ATS-3 satellite was used in 1968 by Stewart Brand for his Whole Earth Catalog, after campaigning since 1966 to have NASA release a then-rumored satellite image of the entire Earth as seen from space. He got inspired during an LSD trip, seeing a "psychedelic illusion" of the Earth's curvature, convincing him that a picture of the entire planet would change how humans related to it. He sold and distributed buttons for 25 cents each that asked: "Why haven't we seen a photograph of the whole Earth yet?" During this campaign, Brand met Richard Buckminster Fuller, who offered to help Brand with his project. Several of the pins made their way to NASA employees.

The Apollo 17 image, however, released during a surge in environmental activism during the 1970s, became a symbol of the environmental movement, as a depiction of Earth's frailty, vulnerability, and isolation amid the vast expanse of space.

Today, as speculated by NASA archivist Mike Gentry, The Blue Marble is among the most widely distributed images in history.

Circumstances

AS17-148-22727, from which The Blue Marble was cropped.

The photograph's official NASA designation is AS17-148-22727. It is the third of a series of shots which were taken just before and are nearly identical, NASA photograph AS17-148-22725 and AS17-148-22726, the second also having been used as a full-Earth image. The widely published versions are cropped and chromatically adjusted from the original photographs.

All Apollo flights were heavily scheduled down to the minute. At the time this photo was taken, none of the astronauts was scheduled to do so. Thus this photo was taken quickly in a stolen moment.

According to the photograph description by NASA it was taken at 05:39 a.m. EST, 5 hours 6 minutes after launch of the Apollo 17 mission, and about 1 hour 54 minutes after the spacecraft left its parking orbit around Earth to begin its trajectory to the Moon. Alternatively Eric Hartwell has identified it having been taken a bit earlier at 5 hours 3 minutes, when one crew member states having changed the f-number, presumably between AS17-148-22725, the first of the series of photo, and the following less exposed images like the Blue Marble. At that time Africa was in noon daylight and with the December solstice approaching, Antarctica was also illuminated.

The photograph is at times oriented with Earth's south pointing up, relative to the capsule. Although in Eric Hartwell's analysis Earth's north is pointing up from the seat and perspective he has identified the image must have been taken from.

The 1972 Tamil Nadu cyclone can be seen in the bottom left of the image. This storm had brought flooding and high winds to the Indian state of Tamil Nadu on December 5, two days before the photograph was taken.

The photographer used a 70-millimeter Hasselblad camera with an 80-millimeter Zeiss lens. NASA generally credits images to the whole crew of a mission. All crew members, Gene Cernan, Ronald Evans and Harrison Schmitt, took photographs during the mission with the on-board Hasselblad, and have appeared trying to distract from who is the photographer by each but together claiming having taken it. Although interviews and evidence examined by Eric Hartwell after the mission suggests that Schmitt was the photographer.

Apollo 17 was the last crewed lunar mission. No human since has been far enough from Earth to photograph a whole-Earth image such as The Blue Marble, but whole-Earth images have been taken by many uncrewed spacecraft missions.

Subsequent similar images of Earth (including composites at much higher resolution) have also been termed Blue Marble images, and the phrase "blue marble" (as well as the picture itself) is frequently used, as in the Earth flag by environmental activist organizations or companies attempting to promote an environmentally conscious image. There has also been a children's television program called Big Blue Marble. Poet-diplomat Abhay Kumar penned an Earth anthem inspired by the Blue Marble which contains "all the peoples and the nations of the world, one for all, all for one, united we unfurl the blue marble flag".[better source needed]

Imaging series 2001–2004

Blue Marble composite images generated by NASA in 2001 and 2002.
NASA Earth Observatory animation of Blue Marble Next Generation (2004).

In 2002, NASA released an extensive set of satellite-captured imagery, including prepared images suitable for direct human viewing, as well as complete sets suitable for use in preparing further works. At the time, 1 km/pixel was the most detailed imagery available for free, and permitted for reuse without a need for extensive preparatory work to eliminate cloud cover and conceal missing data, or to parse specialized data formats. The data also included a similarly manually assembled cloud-cover and night-lights image sets, at lower resolutions.

A subsequent release was made in 2005, named Blue Marble Next Generation. This series of digital image mosaics was produced with the aid of automated image-sifting upon images from NASA's Earth Observatory, which enabled the inclusion of a complete, cloud-free globe for each month from January to December 2004, at even higher resolution (500 m/pixel). The original release of a single-image set covering the entire globe could not reflect the extent of seasonal snow-and-vegetative cover across both hemispheres, but this newer release closely modeled the changes of the seasons.

A number of interactive viewers for these data have also been released, among them a music visualization for the PlayStation 3 that is based on the texture data.

Blue Marble 2012

Blue Marble 2012 – a composite satellite image

On January 25, 2012, NASA released a composite image of the Western Hemisphere of Earth titled Blue Marble 2012. Robert Simmon is most notable for his visualization of the Western Hemisphere. The picture logged over 3.1 million views on the Flickr image hosting website within the first week of release. On February 2, 2012, NASA released a companion to this new Blue Marble, showing a composite image of the Eastern Hemisphere from data obtained on January 23, 2012.

The picture is composed of data obtained by the Visible/Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) instrument on board the Suomi NPP satellite on January 4, 2012. The data was obtained from six orbits of the Earth by the Suomi NPP over an eight-hour period. The image was created using a near-sided perspective projection with the viewing point placed 2100 km above 20° North by 100° West. This projection results in a very wide-angle presentation such as one might get with a fish-eye lens, and it does not include the whole hemisphere.

Black Marble 2012

Black Marble – North and South America at night, Hurricane Sandy can be seen off the coast of Florida.

On December 5, 2012, NASA released a nighttime view of Earth called Black Marble during an annual meeting of Earth scientists held by the American Geophysical Union in San Francisco. The images display all the human and natural matter that glows and can be detected from space. The data was acquired by the Suomi NPP satellite in April and October 2012 and then mapped over existing Blue Marble imagery of Earth to provide a realistic view of the planet. The Suomi NPP satellite completed 312 orbits and gathered 2.5 terabytes of data to get a clear shot of every parcel of the Earth's land surface. Named for satellite meteorology pioneer Verner Suomi, the satellite flies over any given point on Earth's surface twice each day and flies 512 miles (824 km) above the surface in a polar orbit.

The nighttime views were obtained with the new satellite's "day-night band" of the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS), which detects light in a range of wavelengths from green to near-infrared, and uses filtering techniques to observe dim signals such as city lights, gas flares, auroras, wildfires, and reflected moonlight. Auroras, fires, and other stray light have been removed in the case of the Black Marble images to emphasize the city lights. The images have been used to study the spatial distribution of economic activity, to select sites for astronomical observatories, and to monitor human activities around protected areas.

DSCOVR

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
Find sources: "The Blue Marble"news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR
(September 2017) ()
The Moon moving in front of Earth in July 2016, as seen by the DSCOVR satellite. The far side of the Moon faces the camera.

On July 21, 2015, NASA released a new Blue Marble photograph taken by a U.S. Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR), a solar weather and Earth observation satellite that was launched in February 2015 and will provide a near-continuous view of the entire sunlit-side of the Earth. The image was taken on July 6, 2015. The photograph, of the Western Hemisphere, is centered over Central America. The Western United States, Mexico and the Caribbean are visible, but much of South America is hidden beneath cloud cover. Greenland can be seen at the upper edge of the image.

The EPIC science team plans to upload 13 new color images per day on their website. The color balance has been adjusted to approximate an image that could be seen with the average human eye. In addition to images, scientific information will be uploaded as it becomes available after in-flight calibration is complete. The science information will be ozone and aerosol amounts, cloud reflectivity, cloud height, and vegetation information. The EPIC instrument views the Earth from sunrise in the west to sunset in the east 12 to 13 times per day as the Earth rotates at 15 degrees of longitude per hour. Clearly visible are storms forming over the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, major slowly moving "cloud rivers", dust aerosol plumes from Africa, the sun's reflection in the oceans, ship exhaust tracks in the clouds, rivers and lakes, and the variegated land surface patterns especially in the African deserts. The spatial resolution of the color images is about 10 km, and the resolution of the science products will be about 20 km. Once every three months, lunar images are obtained that are the same as those viewed from Earth during our full Moon. On occasion, the other side of the Moon will appear in the Earth images as the Moon crosses in front of the Earth.

  1. The image has the official NASA designation AS17-148-22727.
  1. "Apollo 17 PAO Mission Commentary Transcript"(PDF). NASA. 2001. p. 106. RetrievedMay 11, 2017. SC: 'You're loud and clear, Bob, and could you give us our distance from the Earth?' ... CAPCOM: '18 100, Fido says.'
  2. "Visible Earth: The Blue Marble from Apollo 17". NASA. January 31, 2001. RetrievedDecember 10, 2017.
  3. "Apollo 17 30th Anniversary: Antarctica Zoom-out". Scientific Visualization Studio. NASA. November 21, 2002. RetrievedMay 11, 2017.
  4. Petsko, Gregory A. (April 28, 2011). "The blue marble". Genome Biology. 12 (4): 112. doi:10.1186/gb-2011-12-4-112. PMC3218853. PMID 21554751.
  5. "Apollo 17: The Blue Marble". Ehartwell.com. April 25, 2007. Archived from the original on January 9, 2008. RetrievedJanuary 18, 2008.
  6. "Apollo Imagery". NASA. November 1, 2012. RetrievedJanuary 6, 2018.
  7. Cosgrove, Ben (April 11, 2014). "Home, Sweet Home: In Praise of Apollo 17's 'Blue Marble'". Time. Archived from the original on June 1, 2015. RetrievedDecember 7, 2019.
  8. "The Story of Blue Marble Images, Part 2". CleanTechnica. January 4, 2022. RetrievedFebruary 6, 2022. From astronaut Schmitt stating that Earth was beneath them.
  9. Mars, Kelli (December 17, 2020). "90 Years of Our Changing Views of Earth". NASA. RetrievedMay 21, 2021.
  10. "The Story of the Blue Marble". CleanTechnica. January 1, 2022. RetrievedFebruary 2, 2022.
  11. "Lunch with the FT: Stewart Brand". Financial Times. January 8, 2010. RetrievedMay 22, 2020.
  12. "The Guardian Profile: Stewart Brand". The Guardian. August 3, 2001. RetrievedMay 22, 2020.
  13. Brand, Stewart. "Photography changes our relationship to our planet". Smithsonian Photography Initiative. Archived from the original on May 30, 2008. RetrievedNovember 6, 2009.
  14. Brand, Stewart (2009). Whole Earth Discipline: An Ecopragmatist Manifesto. Viking Adult. p. 214. ISBN 978-0-670-02121-5.
  15. Leonard, Jennifer. "Stewart Brand on the long view". Archived from the original on December 12, 2007. RetrievedFebruary 5, 2013.
  16. "March to the Moon". March to the Moon. RetrievedFebruary 5, 2022.
  17. "Earth from Apollo 17". The Astrophoto Lab. December 7, 1972. RetrievedFebruary 5, 2022.
  18. "AS17-148-22727". Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth. NASA. June 1, 2019. Archived from the original on March 30, 2017. RetrievedJune 1, 2019.
  19. "AS17-148-22726". Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth. NASA. June 1, 2019. Archived from the original on June 1, 2019. RetrievedJune 1, 2019.
  20. Reinert, Al (April 12, 2011). "The Blue Marble Shot: Our First Complete Photograph of Earth". The Atlantic. RetrievedAugust 1, 2018.
  21. "Apollo 17 Image Library". Apollo 17 Multimedia. NASA. RetrievedApril 29, 2007.
  22. "Worth a thousand worlds". Geek Trivia. TechRepublic. December 6, 2005. Archived from the original on April 13, 2008. RetrievedJune 23, 2007.
  23. "History of Past Cyclones". India Meteorological Department. Archived from the original on September 25, 2014. RetrievedSeptember 16, 2011.
  24. Parker, Phill. "Apollo-11 Hasselblad Cameras". Apollo Lunar Surface Journal. NASA.
  25. "Apollo 17 Index: 70 mm, 35 mm, and 16 mm Photographs"(PDF). Mapping Sciences Branch, Johnson Space Center, NASA. May 1974: 88.{{cite journal}}:Cite journal requires |journal= ()
  26. Berger, Erin (December 6, 2017). "The Mystery Behind Who Took the Blue Marble Photo". Outside Online. RetrievedFebruary 6, 2022.
  27. "Apollo 17 (AS-512)". National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution. RetrievedJanuary 30, 2018.
  28. Kumar, Abhay (May 24, 2013). "Voices: An anthem for the Earth". The Kathmandu Post. Archived from the original on July 17, 2015.
  29. See also interactive SVG map from January to December 2004 on Wikimedia Commons.
  30. "The Blue Marble: True-Color Global Imagery at 1km Resolution". NASA Earth Observatory. October 13, 2005. RetrievedDecember 7, 2009.
  31. Hormann, Christoph (May 30, 2007). "Earth renders using the Blue Marble 2002 data". Imagico.de. RetrievedDecember 7, 2009.
  32. Stöckli, Reto (January 1, 2005). "Blue Marble Next Generation". Blue Marble Research.
  33. Stöckli, Reto (October 13, 2005). "Blue Marble Next Generation". NASA Earth Observatory.
  34. Sheffield, Brandon (December 26, 2007). "Special: Q-Games on PS3's 'Gaia' Music Visualizer". Gamasutra.
  35. "Most Amazing High Definition Image of Earth – Blue Marble 2012". Flickr.com. NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center. January 4, 2012. RetrievedFebruary 12, 2012.
  36. "VIIRS Eastern Hemisphere Image – Behind the Scenes". NASA. February 2, 2012. RetrievedFebruary 12, 2012.
  37. "Blue Marble, 2012". NASA. January 25, 2012. RetrievedFebruary 12, 2012.
  38. Cole, Steve; et al. (December 5, 2012). "NASA-NOAA Satellite Reveals New Views of Earth at Night". NASA. RetrievedDecember 9, 2012.
  39. "NASA Photos Show 'Black Marble' Earth at Night". ABC News Radio. December 5, 2012. RetrievedDecember 9, 2012.
  40. Samenow, Jason (December 5, 2012). "Satellites unveil Black Marble and spy on the moon". The Washington Post. RetrievedDecember 9, 2012.
  41. "Black Marble – Americas". Flickr.com. NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center. April–October 2012. RetrievedDecember 9, 2012.
  42. "'Black Marble' images shine light upon a sleeping world". The Washington Post. December 5, 2012. RetrievedDecember 9, 2012.
  43. Lendino, Jamie (July 21, 2015). "Humanity gets a new Blue Marble photo of Earth — and it's stunning". ExtremeTech. RetrievedJuly 23, 2015.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toThe Blue Marble.
  • NASA history of Blue Marble image releases

1972 photograph

21st century NASA composite images

The Blue Marble Article Talk Language Watch Edit Blue Marble redirects here For other uses see Blue Marble disambiguation The Blue Marble is an image of Earth taken on December 7 1972 from a distance of about 29 000 kilometers 18 000 miles from the planet s surface 1 2 3 Taken by the crew of the Apollo 17 spacecraft on its way to the Moon it is one of the most reproduced images in history 4 5 a The Blue Marble taken by the Apollo 17 crew in 1972 It mainly shows Earth from the Mediterranean Sea to Antarctica This was the first time the Apollo trajectory made it possible to photograph the south polar ice cap despite the Southern Hemisphere being heavily covered in clouds In addition to the Arabian Peninsula and Madagascar almost the entire coastline of Africa and most of the Indian Ocean are clearly visible The South Asian mainland is on the eastern limb NASA has also applied the name to a 2012 series of images which cover the entire globe at relatively high resolution These were created by looking through satellite pictures taken over time in order to find as many cloudless photographs as possible to use in the final images Contents 1 The photograph 1 1 History 1 1 1 Context 1 1 2 Circumstances 2 Subsequent Blue Marble images 2 1 Imaging series 2001 2004 2 2 Blue Marble 2012 2 3 Black Marble 2012 2 4 DSCOVR 3 See also 4 Notes 5 References 6 External links 6 1 1972 photograph 6 2 21st century NASA composite imagesThe photograph Edit Color calibrated version The photograph taken on December 7 1972 7 is one of the most widely distributed photographic images in existence 5 The astronauts had the Sun above 8 them when they took the image To the astronauts the slightly gibbous Earth had the appearance and size of a glass marble hence the name History Edit Context Edit The Blue Marble was not the first clear color image taken of an illuminated face of Earth since such images by satellites had already been made and released as early as 1967 9 although it still is the first time when such a photo was taken by a person 10 Before the Blue Marble a picture of the fully illuminated Earth by the ATS 3 satellite was used in 1968 by Stewart Brand for his Whole Earth Catalog after campaigning since 1966 to have NASA release a then rumored satellite image of the entire Earth as seen from space He got inspired during an LSD trip seeing a psychedelic illusion of the Earth s curvature convincing him that a picture of the entire planet would change how humans related to it 11 12 He sold and distributed buttons for 25 cents each 13 that asked Why haven t we seen a photograph of the whole Earth yet 14 During this campaign Brand met Richard Buckminster Fuller who offered to help Brand with his project 15 Several of the pins made their way to NASA employees 12 The Apollo 17 image however released during a surge in environmental activism during the 1970s became a symbol of the environmental movement as a depiction of Earth s frailty vulnerability and isolation amid the vast expanse of space 4 Today as speculated by NASA archivist Mike Gentry The Blue Marble is among the most widely distributed images in history 5 Circumstances Edit AS17 148 22727 from which The Blue Marble was cropped The photograph s official NASA designation is AS17 148 22727 It is the third of a series of shots which were taken just before and are nearly identical NASA photograph AS17 148 22725 16 and AS17 148 22726 the second also having been used as a full Earth image 17 The widely published versions are cropped and chromatically adjusted from the original photographs 18 19 All Apollo flights were heavily scheduled down to the minute At the time this photo was taken none of the astronauts was scheduled to do so Thus this photo was taken quickly in a stolen moment According to the photograph description by NASA it was taken at 05 39 a m EST 10 5 hours 6 minutes after launch of the Apollo 17 mission 20 and about 1 hour 54 minutes after the spacecraft left its parking orbit around Earth to begin its trajectory to the Moon 21 Alternatively Eric Hartwell has identified it having been taken a bit earlier at 5 hours 3 minutes when one crew member states having changed the f number presumably between AS17 148 22725 the first of the series of photo and the following less exposed images like the Blue Marble 5 At that time Africa was in noon 10 daylight and with the December solstice approaching Antarctica was also illuminated The photograph is at times oriented with Earth s south pointing up 20 relative to the capsule 22 Although in Eric Hartwell s analysis Earth s north is pointing up from the seat and perspective he has identified the image must have been taken from 5 The 1972 Tamil Nadu cyclone can be seen in the bottom left of the image This storm had brought flooding and high winds to the Indian state of Tamil Nadu on December 5 two days before the photograph was taken 23 The photographer used a 70 millimeter Hasselblad camera with an 80 millimeter Zeiss lens 24 25 NASA generally 5 credits images to the whole crew of a mission All crew members Gene Cernan Ronald Evans and Harrison Schmitt took photographs during the mission with the on board Hasselblad and have appeared trying to distract from who is the photographer by each but together claiming having taken it 26 Although interviews 8 and evidence examined by Eric Hartwell after the mission suggests that Schmitt was the photographer 5 Apollo 17 was the last crewed lunar mission No human since has been far enough from Earth to photograph a whole Earth image 4 such as The Blue Marble but whole Earth images have been taken by many uncrewed spacecraft missions 27 Subsequent Blue Marble images EditSubsequent similar images of Earth including composites at much higher resolution have also been termed Blue Marble images and the phrase blue marble as well as the picture itself is frequently used as in the Earth flag by environmental activist organizations or companies attempting to promote an environmentally conscious image There has also been a children s television program called Big Blue Marble Poet diplomat Abhay Kumar penned an Earth anthem inspired by the Blue Marble which contains all the peoples and the nations of the world one for all all for one united we unfurl the blue marble flag 28 better source needed Imaging series 2001 2004 Edit Blue Marble composite images generated by NASA in 2001 and 2002 NASA Earth Observatory animation of Blue Marble Next Generation 2004 29 In 2002 NASA released an extensive set of satellite captured imagery including prepared images suitable for direct human viewing as well as complete sets suitable for use in preparing further works 30 At the time 1 km pixel was the most detailed imagery available for free and permitted for reuse 31 without a need for extensive preparatory work to eliminate cloud cover and conceal missing data or to parse specialized data formats The data also included a similarly manually assembled cloud cover and night lights image sets at lower resolutions A subsequent release was made in 2005 named Blue Marble Next Generation 32 This series of digital image mosaics was produced with the aid of automated image sifting upon images from NASA s Earth Observatory which enabled the inclusion of a complete cloud free globe for each month from January to December 2004 at even higher resolution 500 m pixel 33 The original release of a single image set covering the entire globe could not reflect the extent of seasonal snow and vegetative cover across both hemispheres but this newer release closely modeled the changes of the seasons A number of interactive viewers for these data have also been released among them a music visualization for the PlayStation 3 that is based on the texture data 33 34 Blue Marble 2012 Edit Blue Marble 2012 a composite satellite image On January 25 2012 NASA released a composite image of the Western Hemisphere of Earth titled Blue Marble 2012 Robert Simmon is most notable for his visualization of the Western Hemisphere The picture logged over 3 1 million views on the Flickr image hosting website within the first week of release 35 On February 2 2012 NASA released a companion to this new Blue Marble showing a composite image of the Eastern Hemisphere from data obtained on January 23 2012 36 The picture is composed of data obtained by the Visible Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite VIIRS instrument on board the Suomi NPP satellite on January 4 2012 36 37 The data was obtained from six orbits of the Earth by the Suomi NPP over an eight hour period 36 The image was created using a near sided perspective projection with the viewing point placed 2100 km above 20 North by 100 West This projection results in a very wide angle presentation such as one might get with a fish eye lens and it does not include the whole hemisphere Black Marble 2012 Edit Black Marble North and South America at night 38 Hurricane Sandy can be seen off the coast of Florida On December 5 2012 NASA released a nighttime view of Earth called Black Marble 38 during an annual meeting of Earth scientists held by the American Geophysical Union in San Francisco 39 The images display all the human and natural matter that glows and can be detected from space 40 The data was acquired by the Suomi NPP satellite in April and October 2012 and then mapped over existing Blue Marble imagery of Earth to provide a realistic view of the planet 41 The Suomi NPP satellite completed 312 orbits and gathered 2 5 terabytes of data to get a clear shot of every parcel of the Earth s land surface Named for satellite meteorology pioneer Verner Suomi the satellite flies over any given point on Earth s surface twice each day and flies 512 miles 824 km above the surface in a polar orbit 42 The nighttime views were obtained with the new satellite s day night band of the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite VIIRS which detects light in a range of wavelengths from green to near infrared and uses filtering techniques to observe dim signals such as city lights gas flares auroras wildfires and reflected moonlight Auroras fires and other stray light have been removed in the case of the Black Marble images to emphasize the city lights 41 The images have been used to study the spatial distribution of economic activity to select sites for astronomical observatories and to monitor human activities around protected areas 41 DSCOVR Edit This section needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources The Blue Marble news newspapers books scholar JSTOR September 2017 Learn how and when to remove this template message The Moon moving in front of Earth in July 2016 as seen by the DSCOVR satellite The far side of the Moon faces the camera On July 21 2015 NASA released a new Blue Marble photograph taken by a U S Deep Space Climate Observatory DSCOVR a solar weather and Earth observation satellite that was launched in February 2015 and will provide a near continuous view of the entire sunlit side of the Earth The image was taken on July 6 2015 43 The photograph of the Western Hemisphere is centered over Central America The Western United States Mexico and the Caribbean are visible but much of South America is hidden beneath cloud cover Greenland can be seen at the upper edge of the image The EPIC science team plans to upload 13 new color images per day on their website The color balance has been adjusted to approximate an image that could be seen with the average human eye In addition to images scientific information will be uploaded as it becomes available after in flight calibration is complete The science information will be ozone and aerosol amounts cloud reflectivity cloud height and vegetation information The EPIC instrument views the Earth from sunrise in the west to sunset in the east 12 to 13 times per day as the Earth rotates at 15 degrees of longitude per hour Clearly visible are storms forming over the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans major slowly moving cloud rivers dust aerosol plumes from Africa the sun s reflection in the oceans ship exhaust tracks in the clouds rivers and lakes and the variegated land surface patterns especially in the African deserts The spatial resolution of the color images is about 10 km and the resolution of the science products will be about 20 km Once every three months lunar images are obtained that are the same as those viewed from Earth during our full Moon On occasion the other side of the Moon will appear in the Earth images as the Moon crosses in front of the Earth See also Edit Astronomy portal Space portal Solar System portal Spaceflight portal World portal DODGE satellite which took the first color picture of the complete Earth disk Earth phases from the Moon Earthrise another widely reproduced picture of the Earth taken in 1968 by Bill Anders aboard Apollo 8 First images of Earth from space Himawari 8 and 9 geostationary satellites that produce an image of the Earth s full face every 10 minutes in the daytime Pale Blue Dot a 1990 image of the Earth taken by Voyager 1 Pale Orange Dot a NASA digital model showing a possible early Earth Stewart Brand NASA images of Earth author who lobbied NASA in 1966 to release a satellite photograph of the entire Earth because he thought it would be a powerful symbol The Day the Earth Smiled Space selfie Whole Earth Catalog an eclectic catalog compiled by Brand which was inspired in part by photographs of the Earth as a globeNotes Edit The image has the official NASA designation AS17 148 22727 6 References Edit Apollo 17 PAO Mission Commentary Transcript PDF NASA 2001 p 106 Retrieved May 11 2017 SC You re loud and clear Bob and could you give us our distance from the Earth CAPCOM 18 100 Fido says Visible Earth The Blue Marble from Apollo 17 NASA January 31 2001 Retrieved December 10 2017 Apollo 17 30th Anniversary Antarctica Zoom out Scientific Visualization Studio NASA November 21 2002 Retrieved May 11 2017 a b c Petsko Gregory A April 28 2011 The blue marble Genome Biology 12 4 112 doi 10 1186 gb 2011 12 4 112 PMC 3218853 PMID 21554751 a b c d e f g Apollo 17 The Blue Marble Ehartwell com April 25 2007 Archived from the original on January 9 2008 Retrieved January 18 2008 Apollo Imagery NASA November 1 2012 Retrieved January 6 2018 Cosgrove Ben April 11 2014 Home Sweet Home In Praise of Apollo 17 s Blue Marble Time Archived from the original on June 1 2015 Retrieved December 7 2019 a b The Story of Blue Marble Images Part 2 CleanTechnica January 4 2022 Retrieved February 6 2022 From astronaut Schmitt stating that Earth was beneath them Mars Kelli December 17 2020 90 Years of Our Changing Views of Earth NASA Retrieved May 21 2021 a b c The Story of the Blue Marble CleanTechnica January 1 2022 Retrieved February 2 2022 Lunch with the FT Stewart Brand Financial Times January 8 2010 Retrieved May 22 2020 a b The Guardian Profile Stewart Brand The Guardian August 3 2001 Retrieved May 22 2020 Brand Stewart Photography changes our relationship to our planet Smithsonian Photography Initiative Archived from the original on May 30 2008 Retrieved November 6 2009 Brand Stewart 2009 Whole Earth Discipline An Ecopragmatist Manifesto Viking Adult p 214 ISBN 978 0 670 02121 5 Leonard Jennifer Stewart Brand on the long view Archived from the original on December 12 2007 Retrieved February 5 2013 March to the Moon March to the Moon Retrieved February 5 2022 Earth from Apollo 17 The Astrophoto Lab December 7 1972 Retrieved February 5 2022 AS17 148 22727 Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth NASA June 1 2019 Archived from the original on March 30 2017 Retrieved June 1 2019 AS17 148 22726 Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth NASA June 1 2019 Archived from the original on June 1 2019 Retrieved June 1 2019 a b Reinert Al April 12 2011 The Blue Marble Shot Our First Complete Photograph of Earth The Atlantic Retrieved August 1 2018 Apollo 17 Image Library Apollo 17 Multimedia NASA Retrieved April 29 2007 Worth a thousand worlds Geek Trivia TechRepublic December 6 2005 Archived from the original on April 13 2008 Retrieved June 23 2007 History of Past Cyclones India Meteorological Department Archived from the original on September 25 2014 Retrieved September 16 2011 Parker Phill Apollo 11 Hasselblad Cameras Apollo Lunar Surface Journal NASA Apollo 17 Index 70 mm 35 mm and 16 mm Photographs PDF Mapping Sciences Branch Johnson Space Center NASA May 1974 88 a href wiki Template Cite journal title Template Cite journal cite journal a Cite journal requires journal help Berger Erin December 6 2017 The Mystery Behind Who Took the Blue Marble Photo Outside Online Retrieved February 6 2022 Apollo 17 AS 512 National Air and Space Museum Smithsonian Institution Retrieved January 30 2018 Kumar Abhay May 24 2013 Voices An anthem for the Earth The Kathmandu Post Archived from the original on July 17 2015 See also interactive SVG map from January to December 2004 on Wikimedia Commons The Blue Marble True Color Global Imagery at 1km Resolution NASA Earth Observatory October 13 2005 Retrieved December 7 2009 Hormann Christoph May 30 2007 Earth renders using the Blue Marble 2002 data Imagico de Retrieved December 7 2009 Stockli Reto January 1 2005 Blue Marble Next Generation Blue Marble Research a b Stockli Reto October 13 2005 Blue Marble Next Generation NASA Earth Observatory Sheffield Brandon December 26 2007 Special Q Games on PS3 s Gaia Music Visualizer Gamasutra Most Amazing High Definition Image of Earth Blue Marble 2012 Flickr com NASA Goddard Space Flight Center January 4 2012 Retrieved February 12 2012 a b c VIIRS Eastern Hemisphere Image Behind the Scenes NASA February 2 2012 Retrieved February 12 2012 Blue Marble 2012 NASA January 25 2012 Retrieved February 12 2012 a b Cole Steve et al December 5 2012 NASA NOAA Satellite Reveals New Views of Earth at Night NASA Retrieved December 9 2012 NASA Photos Show Black Marble Earth at Night ABC News Radio December 5 2012 Retrieved December 9 2012 Samenow Jason December 5 2012 Satellites unveil Black Marble and spy on the moon The Washington Post Retrieved December 9 2012 a b c Black Marble Americas Flickr com NASA Goddard Space Flight Center April October 2012 Retrieved December 9 2012 Black Marble images shine light upon a sleeping world The Washington Post December 5 2012 Retrieved December 9 2012 Lendino Jamie July 21 2015 Humanity gets a new Blue Marble photo of Earth and it s stunning ExtremeTech Retrieved July 23 2015 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to The Blue Marble NASA history of Blue Marble image releases1972 photograph Edit Apollo Image Atlas Photos from magazine NN of the 70 mm Hasselblad camera used on Apollo 17 includes the Blue Marble photo and similar photographs Apollo 17 in Real time The moment the Blue Marble photo was taken in the context of the rest of the Apollo 17 mission A short list of places in which the image has been used21st century NASA composite images Edit Blue Marble 2002 Blue Marble Mapserver Web interface for viewing small sections of the above Blue Marble Next Generation 2005 one picture per month Blue Marble Navigator Web interface for viewing local sections of the above incl links to other such interfaces download sites etc Blue Marble Next Generation in NASA World Wind Wired New Satellite Takes Spectacular High Res Image of Earth with link to 2012 Composite in Super High Resolution Earth at Night It s the end of the night as you know it you ll see fine NASA Earth Observatory site with various links around the 2012 and 2017 Black Marble images Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title The Blue Marble amp oldid 1089748222, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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