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Wikipedia

This article is about the British newspaper. For other uses, see The Independent (disambiguation).
"Independent Online" and "Independent on Sunday" redirect here. For the South African website, see Independent Online (South Africa). For similar names, see Sunday Independent (disambiguation).

The Independent is a British online newspaper. It was established in 1986 as a national morning printed paper. Nicknamed the Indy, it began as a broadsheet and changed to tabloid format in 2003. The last printed edition was published on Saturday 26 March 2016, leaving only the online edition.

The Independent
Homepage of The Independent in July 2021
TypePrint newspaper (1986–2016)
Online newspaper (2016–present)
FormatBroadsheet (1986–2003)
Tabloid (2003–2016)
Website (2016–present)
Owner(s)Evgeny Lebedev (41%)
Sultan Muhammad Abuljadayel (30%)
Justin Byam Shaw (26%)
Minor shareholders (3%)
PublisherIndependent Digital News & Media Ltd
EditorChristian Broughton
Founded7 October 1986; 35 years ago (1986-10-07)
Political alignmentLiberalism
Social liberalism
HeadquartersNorthcliffe House, Kensington, London, United Kingdom
Sister newspapersThe Independent on Sunday (1990–2016)
i (2010–2013)
Online only indy100 (2013–present)
ISSN1741-9743
OCLC number185201487
Websiteindependent.co.uk

The newspaper was controlled by Tony O'Reilly's Irish Independent News & Media from 1997 until it was sold to the Russian oligarch and former KGB Officer Alexander Lebedev in 2010. In 2017, Sultan Muhammad Abuljadayel bought a 30% stake in it.

The daily edition was named National Newspaper of the Year at the 2004 British Press Awards. The website and mobile app had a combined monthly reach of 19,826,000 in 2021.

Contents

1986 to 1990

Launched in 1986, the first issue of The Independent was published on 7 October in broadsheet format. It was produced by Newspaper Publishing plc and created by Andreas Whittam Smith, Stephen Glover and Matthew Symonds. All three partners were former journalists at The Daily Telegraph who had left the paper towards the end of Lord Hartwell's ownership. Marcus Sieff was the first chairman of Newspaper Publishing, and Whittam Smith took control of the paper.

The paper was created at a time of a fundamental change in British newspaper publishing. Rupert Murdoch was challenging long-accepted practices of the print unions and ultimately defeated them in the Wapping dispute. Consequently, production costs could be reduced which, it was said at the time,[by whom?] created openings for more competition. As a result of controversy around Murdoch's move to Wapping, the plant was effectively having to function under siege from sacked print workers picketing outside. The Independent attracted some of the staff from the two Murdoch broadsheets who had chosen not to move to his company's new headquarters. Launched with the advertising slogan "It is. Are you?", and challenging both The Guardian for centre-left readers and The Times as the newspaper of record, The Independent reached a circulation of over 400,000 by 1989.

Competing in a moribund market, The Independent sparked a general freshening of newspaper design as well as, within a few years, a price war in the market sector.[citation needed] When The Independent launched The Independent on Sunday in 1990, sales were less than anticipated, partly due to the launch of the Sunday Correspondent four months prior, although this direct rival closed at the end of November 1990. Some aspects of production merged with the main paper, although the Sunday paper retained a largely distinct editorial staff.

1990–1999

In the 1990s, The Independent was faced with price cutting by the Murdoch titles, and started an advertising campaign accusing The Times and The Daily Telegraph of reflecting the views of their proprietors, Rupert Murdoch and Conrad Black. It featured spoofs of the other papers' mastheads with the words The Rupert Murdoch or The Conrad Black, with The Independent below the main title.

Newspaper Publishing had financial problems. A number of other media companies were interested in the paper. Tony O'Reilly's media group and Mirror Group Newspapers (MGN) had bought a stake of about a third each by mid-1994. In March 1995, Newspaper Publishing was restructured with a rights issue, splitting the shareholding into O'Reilly's Independent News & Media (43%), MGN (43%), and Prisa (publisher of El País) (12%).

In April 1996, there was another refinancing, and in March 1998, O'Reilly bought the other shares of the company for £30 million, and assumed the company's debt. Brendan Hopkins headed Independent News, Andrew Marr was appointed editor of The Independent, and Rosie Boycott became editor of The Independent on Sunday. Marr introduced a dramatic if short-lived redesign which won critical favour but was a commercial failure, partly as a result of a limited promotional budget. Marr admitted his changes had been a mistake in his book, My Trade.

Boycott left in April 1998 to join the Daily Express, and Marr left in May 1998, later becoming the BBC's political editor. Simon Kelner was appointed as the editor. By this time the circulation had fallen below 200,000. Independent News spent heavily to increase circulation, and the paper went through several redesigns. While circulation increased, it did not approach the level which had been achieved in 1989, or restore profitability. Job cuts and financial controls reduced the morale of journalists and the quality of the product.

2000–2009

Ivan Fallon, on the board since 1995 and formerly a key figure at The Sunday Times, replaced Hopkins as head of Independent News & Media in July 2002. By mid-2004, the newspaper was losing £5 million per year. A gradual improvement meant that by 2006, circulation was at a nine-year high.

In November 2008, following further staff cuts, production was moved to Northcliffe House, in Kensington High Street, the headquarters of Associated Newspapers. The two newspaper groups' editorial, management and commercial operations remained separate, but they shared services including security, information technology, switchboard and payroll.[citation needed]

2010–2016

On 25 March 2010, Independent News & Media sold the newspaper to a new company owned by the family of Russian oligarch Alexander Lebedev for a nominal £1 fee and £9.25m over the next 10 months, choosing this option over closing The Independent and The Independent on Sunday, which would have cost £28m and £40m respectively, due to long-term contracts. Alexander's son Evgeny became Chairman of the new company, with Alexander becoming a board director. In 2009, Lebedev had bought a controlling stake in the London Evening Standard. Two weeks later, editor Roger Alton resigned.

In July 2011, The Independent's columnist Johann Hari was stripped of the Orwell Prize he had won in 2008 after claims, to which Hari later admitted, of plagiarism and inaccuracy. In January 2012, Chris Blackhurst, editor of The Independent, told the Leveson inquiry that the scandal had "severely damaged" the newspaper's reputation. He nevertheless told the inquiry that Hari would return as a columnist in "four to five weeks". Hari later announced that he would not return to The Independent. Jonathan Foreman contrasted The Independent's reaction to the scandal unfavourably with the reaction of American newspapers to similar incidents such as the Jayson Blair case, which led to resignations of editors, "deep soul-searching", and "new standards of exactitude being imposed". The historian Guy Walters suggested that Hari's fabrications had been an open secret amongst the newspaper's staff and that their internal inquiry was a "facesaving exercise". A proportion of articles are now behind a pay wall; that section is titled 'Independent Minds'.

The Independent and The Independent on Sunday endorsed "Remain" in the Brexit referendum of 2016.

From 2016

In March 2016 The Independent decided to close its print edition and become an online newspaper; the last printed edition was published on Saturday 26 March 2016. The Independent on Sunday published its last print edition on 20 March 2016 and was closed following that.

Format and design

The Independent began publishing as a broadsheet, in a series of celebrated designs. The final version was designed by Carroll, Dempsey and Thirkell following a commission by Nicholas Garland who, along with Alexander Chancellor, was unhappy with designs produced by Raymond Hawkey and Michael McGuiness – on seeing the proposed designs, Chancellor had said "I thought we were joining a serious paper". The first edition was designed and implemented by Michael Crozier, who was Executive Editor, Design and Picture, from pre-launch in 1986 to 1994.

From September 2003, the paper was produced in both broadsheet and tabloid-sized versions, with the same content in each. The tabloid edition was termed "compact" to distance itself from the more sensationalist reporting style usually associated with "tabloid" newspapers in the UK. After launching in the London area and then in North West England, the smaller format appeared gradually throughout the UK. Soon afterwards, Rupert Murdoch's Times followed suit, introducing its own tabloid-sized version. Prior to these changes, The Independent had a daily circulation of around 217,500, the lowest of any major national British daily, a figure that climbed by 15% as of March 2004 (to 250,000). Throughout much of 2006, circulation stagnated at a quarter of a million. On 14 May 2004, The Independent produced its last weekday broadsheet, having stopped producing a Saturday broadsheet edition in January. The Independent on Sunday published its last simultaneous broadsheet on 9 October 2005, and thereafter followed a compact design until the print edition was discontinued.

On 12 April 2005, The Independent redesigned its layout to a more European feel, similar to France's Libération. The redesign was carried out by a Barcelona-based design studio. The weekday second section was subsumed within the main paper, double-page feature articles became common in the main news sections, and there were revisions to the front and back covers. A new second section, "Extra", was introduced on 25 April 2006. It is similar to The Guardian's "G2" and The Times's "Times2", containing features, reportage and games, including sudoku. In June 2007, The Independent on Sunday consolidated its content into a news section which included sports and business, and a magazine focusing on life and culture. On 23 September 2008, the main newspaper became full-colour, and "Extra" was replaced by an "Independent Life Supplement" focusing on different themes each day.

Three weeks after the acquisition of the paper by Alexander Lebedev and Evgeny Lebedev in 2010, the paper was relaunched with another redesign on 20 April. The new format featured smaller headlines and a new pullout "Viewspaper" section, which contained the paper's comment and feature articles. From 26 October 2010, the same day as its sister paper, i, was launched, The Independent was printed on slightly thicker paper than before and ceased to be full-colour throughout, with many photographs and pictures (though none of those used in adverts) being printed in black and white only. On 11 October 2011, The Independent unveiled yet another new look, featuring a red, sans-serif masthead. In November 2013, the whole newspaper was overhauled again, including new custom fonts and a vertical masthead in black.[citation needed]

Front pages

Following the 2003 switch in format, The Independent became known for its unorthodox and campaigning front pages, which frequently relied on images, graphics or lists rather than traditional headlines and written news content. For example, following the Kashmir earthquake in 2005, it used its front page to urge its readers to donate to its appeal fund, and following the publication of the Hutton Report into the death of British government scientist David Kelly, its front page simply carried the word "Whitewash?" In 2003, the paper's editor, Simon Kelner, was named "Editor of the Year" at the What the Papers Say awards, partly in recognition of, according to the judges, his "often arresting and imaginative front-page designs". In 2008, however, as he was stepping down as editor, he stated that it was possible to "overdo the formula" and that the style of the paper's front pages perhaps needed "reinvention".

Under the subsequent editorship of Chris Blackhurst, the campaigning, poster-style front pages were scaled back in favour of more conventional news stories.

Sections

The weekday, Saturday and Sunday editions of The Independent all included supplements and pull-out subsections:

Daily (Monday to Friday) The Independent:

  • "Monday Sport": A weekly pull-out containing reports of the previous weekend's sporting events.

Saturday's The Independent:

  • "Saturday Sport": A weekly pull-out containing reports looking ahead to the weekend's sporting events.
  • "Radar": A compact, primarily listings magazine, including television schedules, film and DVD reviews and events listings for the coming week. It also includes a round-up of the "50 best" items in a particular category. For example, over the Christmas period there are weekly supplements of "Gifts for him" and "Gifts for her".
  • "Traveller": Contains travel articles and advertisements.
  • "The Independent Magazine": A features magazine including sections on food, interiors and fashion.

The Independent on Sunday:

  • "Sport": A weekly pull-out containing reports of Saturday's sporting events.
  • "The New Review": A features magazine.
  • "Arts & Books": A culture supplement.
  • "Rainbow List" An annually-updated list, first published in 2000, then as the "Pink List", of the most famous and influential people who have declared themselves lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender.

Online presence

On 23 January 2008, The Independent relaunched its online edition, www.independent.co.uk. The relaunched site introduced a new look, better access to the blog service, priority on image and video content, and additional areas of the site including art, architecture, fashion, gadgets and health. The paper launched podcast programmes such as "The Independent Music Radio Show", "The Independent Travel Guides", "The Independent Sailing Podcasts", and "The Independent Video Travel Guides". Since 2009, the website has carried short video news bulletins provided by the Al Jazeera English news channel.

In 2014, The Independent launched a sister website, i100, a "shareable" journalism site with similarities to Reddit and Upworthy.

The Independent is generally described as centre to centre-left, liberal and liberal-left. When the paper was established in 1986, the founders intended its political stance to reflect the centre of the British political spectrum and thought that it would attract readers primarily from The Times and The Daily Telegraph. It has been seen as leaning to the left wing of the political spectrum, making it more a competitor to The Guardian. However, The Independent tends to take a liberal, pro-market stance on economic issues. The Independent on Sunday referred to itself as a "proudly liberal newspaper".

The paper has highlighted what it refers to as war crimes being committed by pro-government forces in the Darfur region of Sudan.

The paper has been a strong supporter of electoral reform. In 1997, The Independent on Sunday launched a campaign for the decriminalisation of cannabis. Ten years later, it reversed itself, arguing that skunk, the cannabis strain "smoked by the majority of young Britons" in 2007, had become "25 times stronger than resin sold a decade ago".

The paper supports the United Kingdom becoming a republic. Originally, it avoided royal stories, Whittam Smith later saying he thought the British press was "unduly besotted" with the Royal Family and that a newspaper could "manage without" stories about the monarchy.

In 2007, Alan Rusbridger, editor of The Guardian, said of The Independent: "The emphasis on views, not news, means that the reporting is rather thin, and it loses impact on the front page the more you do that". In a 12 June 2007 speech, British Prime Minister Tony Blair called The Independent a "viewspaper", saying it "was started as an antidote to the idea of journalism as views not news. That was why it was called the Independent. Today it is avowedly a viewspaper not merely a newspaper". The Independent criticised Blair's comments the following day but later changed format to include a "Viewspaper" insert in the centre of the regular newspaper, designed to feature most of the opinion columns and arts reviews.

A leader published on the day of the 2008 London mayoral election compared the candidates and said that, if the newspaper had a vote, it would vote first for the Green Party candidate, Siân Berry, noting the similarity between her priorities and those of The Independent, and secondly, with "rather heavy heart", for the incumbent, Ken Livingstone.

An Ipsos MORI poll estimated that in the 2010 general election, 44% of regular readers voted Liberal Democrat, 32% voted Labour, and 14% voted Conservative, compared to 23%, 29%, and 36%, respectively, of the overall electorate. On the eve of the 2010 general election, The Independent supported the Liberal Democrats, arguing that

[T]hey are longstanding and convincing champions of civil liberties, sound economics, international co-operation on the great global challenges and, of course, fundamental electoral reform. These are all principles that this newspaper has long held dear. That is why we argue that there is a strong case for progressively minded voters to lend their support to the Liberal Democrats wherever there is a clear opportunity for that party to win.

However, before the 2015 general election, The Independent on Sunday desisted from advising its readers how to vote, writing that "this does not mean that we are a bloodless, value-free news-sheet. We have always been committed to social justice", but the paper recognised that it was up the readers to "make up [their] own mind about whether you agree with us or not". Rather than support a particular party, the paper urged all its reader to vote as "a responsibility of common citizenship". On 4 May 2015, the weekday version of The Independent said that a continuation of the Conservative–Liberal Democrat coalition after the general election would be a positive outcome.

At the end of July 2018, The Independent led a campaign they called the "Final Say" – a change.org petition by editor Christian Broughton, for a binding referendum on the Brexit deal between the UK and the European Union.

As of October 2018, Independent Arabia is owned and managed by Saudi Research and Marketing Group (SRMG), a major publishing organisation with close ties to the Saudi royal family, and further news websites of The Independent in Persian, Turkish and Urdu run by the same company are planned.

Editors

The Independent:

1986: Andreas Whittam Smith
1994: Ian Hargreaves
1995: Charles Wilson
1996: Andrew Marr
1998: Rosie Boycott
1998: Andrew Marr and Rosie Boycott
1998: Simon Kelner
2008: Roger Alton
2010: Simon Kelner
2011: Chris Blackhurst
2013: Amol Rajan
2016: Christian Broughton

The Independent on Sunday:

1990: Stephen Glover
1991: Ian Jack
1995: Peter Wilby
1996: Rosie Boycott
1998: Kim Fletcher
1999: Janet Street-Porter
2002: Tristan Davies
2008: John Mullin
2013: Lisa Markwell

There have also been various guest editors over the years, such as Elton John on 1 December 2010, the Body Shop's Anita Roddick on 19 June 2003 and U2's Bono in 2006.

Writers and columnists

Predominantly in The Independent
This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by adding missing items with reliable sources.
Predominantly The Independent on Sunday
This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by adding missing items with reliable sources.

Photographers

The Independent sponsors the Longford Prize, in memory of Lord Longford.

Independent on Sunday
TypeSunday newspaper
FormatBroadsheet
PublisherIndependent Print Limited
EditorLisa Markwell
Founded1990; 32 years ago (1990)
Ceased publication20 March 2016 (2016-03-20)
Circulation155,661
Sister newspapersThe Independent
i (2010–2013)
indy100
ISSN0958-1723
OCLC number500339994

The Independent on Sunday

The Independent on Sunday (IoS) was the Sunday sister newspaper of The Independent. It ceased to exist in 2016, the last edition being published on 20 March; the daily paper ceasing print publication six days later.

The i

Main article: i (newspaper)

In October 2010, the i, a compact sister newspaper, was launched. The i is a separate newspaper but uses some of the same material. It was later sold to regional newspaper company Johnston Press, becoming that publisher's flagship national newspaper. The i's online presence, i100, was restyled as indy100 and retained by Independent News & Media.[citation needed]

Indy100

The online news site indy100 was announced by The Independent in February 2016, to be written by journalists but with stories selected by 'upvotes' from readers. "Because indy100 is from The Independent you can still trust us to take our facts very seriously (even the funny ones). Some of the stories will have been inspired by the brilliant work in The Independent. Most will be from the crack team of indy100 journalists."

The (RED) Independent

The Independent supported U2 lead singer Bono's Product RED brand by creating The (RED) Independent, an occasional edition that gave half the day's proceeds to the charity. The first edition was in May 2006. Edited by Bono, it drew high sales.

A September 2006 edition of The (RED) Independent, designed by fashion designer Giorgio Armani, drew controversy due to its cover shot, showing model Kate Moss in blackface for an article about AIDS in Africa.

The Independent was awarded "National Newspaper of the Year" for 2003 and the Independent on Sunday was awarded "Front Page of the Year" for 2014's "Here is the news, not the propaganda", printed on 5 October 2014.

Independent journalists have won a range of British Press Awards, including:

  • "Business & Finance Journalist of the Year": Michael Harrison, 2000; Hamish McRae, 2005; Stephen Foley, 2008
  • "Cartoonist of the Year": Dave Brown, 2012
  • "Columnist of the Year": Robert Chalmers (Independent on Sunday), 2004; Mark Steel, 2014
  • "Foreign Reporter of the Year": Patrick Cockburn, 2014
  • "Interviewer of the Year": Mathew Norman, 2007; Deborah Ross, 2011
  • "Political Journalist of the Year": Francis Elliott (Independent on Sunday), 2005
  • "Specialist Journalist of the Year": Michael McCarthy, 2000; Jeremy Laurance, 2011
  • "Sports Journalist of the Year": James Lawton, 2010
  • "Young Journalist of the Year": Johann Hari, 2002; Ed Caesar, 2006

In January 2013, The Independent was nominated for the Responsible Media of the Year award at the British Muslim Awards.

The Independent is regularly referenced in the Apple TV+ comedy Ted Lasso as the employer of recurring character Trent Crimm (James Lance), a skeptical reporter who is very critical of Ted's coaching but touched by his compassion.

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The Independent Article Talk Language Watch Edit This article is about the British newspaper For other uses see The Independent disambiguation Independent Online and Independent on Sunday redirect here For the South African website see Independent Online South Africa For similar names see Sunday Independent disambiguation The Independent is a British online newspaper It was established in 1986 as a national morning printed paper Nicknamed the Indy it began as a broadsheet and changed to tabloid format in 2003 5 The last printed edition was published on Saturday 26 March 2016 leaving only the online edition 6 The IndependentHomepage of The Independent in July 2021TypePrint newspaper 1986 2016 Online newspaper 2016 present FormatBroadsheet 1986 2003 Tabloid 2003 2016 Website 2016 present Owner s Evgeny Lebedev 41 1 2 Sultan Muhammad Abuljadayel 30 1 2 Justin Byam Shaw 26 2 Minor shareholders 3 2 PublisherIndependent Digital News amp Media LtdEditorChristian BroughtonFounded7 October 1986 35 years ago 1986 10 07 Political alignmentLiberalism 3 Social liberalism 4 HeadquartersNorthcliffe House Kensington London United KingdomSister newspapersThe Independent on Sunday 1990 2016 i 2010 2013 Online only indy100 2013 present ISSN1741 9743OCLC number185201487Websiteindependent co uk The newspaper was controlled by Tony O Reilly s Irish Independent News amp Media from 1997 until it was sold to the Russian oligarch and former KGB Officer Alexander Lebedev in 2010 7 In 2017 Sultan Muhammad Abuljadayel bought a 30 stake in it 8 The daily edition was named National Newspaper of the Year at the 2004 British Press Awards The website and mobile app had a combined monthly reach of 19 826 000 in 2021 9 Contents 1 History 1 1 1986 to 1990 1 2 1990 1999 1 3 2000 2009 1 4 2010 2016 1 5 From 2016 2 Content 2 1 Format and design 2 2 Front pages 2 3 Sections 2 4 Online presence 3 Political views 4 Personnel 4 1 Editors 4 2 Writers and columnists 4 3 Photographers 5 Longford Prize 6 Related publications 6 1 The Independent on Sunday 6 2 The i 6 3 Indy100 6 4 The RED Independent 7 Awards and nominations 8 In popular culture 9 See also 10 References 11 External linksHistory Edit1986 to 1990 Edit Launched in 1986 the first issue of The Independent was published on 7 October in broadsheet format 10 11 It was produced by Newspaper Publishing plc and created by Andreas Whittam Smith Stephen Glover and Matthew Symonds All three partners were former journalists at The Daily Telegraph who had left the paper towards the end of Lord Hartwell s ownership Marcus Sieff was the first chairman of Newspaper Publishing and Whittam Smith took control of the paper 12 The paper was created at a time of a fundamental change in British newspaper publishing Rupert Murdoch was challenging long accepted practices of the print unions and ultimately defeated them in the Wapping dispute Consequently production costs could be reduced which it was said at the time by whom created openings for more competition As a result of controversy around Murdoch s move to Wapping the plant was effectively having to function under siege from sacked print workers picketing outside The Independent attracted some of the staff from the two Murdoch broadsheets who had chosen not to move to his company s new headquarters Launched with the advertising slogan It is Are you and challenging both The Guardian for centre left readers and The Times as the newspaper of record The Independent reached a circulation of over 400 000 by 1989 Competing in a moribund market The Independent sparked a general freshening of newspaper design as well as within a few years a price war in the market sector citation needed When The Independent launched The Independent on Sunday in 1990 sales were less than anticipated partly due to the launch of the Sunday Correspondent four months prior although this direct rival closed at the end of November 1990 Some aspects of production merged with the main paper although the Sunday paper retained a largely distinct editorial staff 1990 1999 Edit In the 1990s The Independent was faced with price cutting by the Murdoch titles and started an advertising campaign accusing The Times and The Daily Telegraph of reflecting the views of their proprietors Rupert Murdoch and Conrad Black It featured spoofs of the other papers mastheads with the words The Rupert Murdoch or The Conrad Black with The Independent below the main title Newspaper Publishing had financial problems A number of other media companies were interested in the paper Tony O Reilly s media group and Mirror Group Newspapers MGN had bought a stake of about a third each by mid 1994 In March 1995 Newspaper Publishing was restructured with a rights issue splitting the shareholding into O Reilly s Independent News amp Media 43 MGN 43 and Prisa publisher of El Pais 12 13 In April 1996 there was another refinancing and in March 1998 O Reilly bought the other shares of the company for 30 million and assumed the company s debt Brendan Hopkins headed Independent News Andrew Marr was appointed editor of The Independent and Rosie Boycott became editor of The Independent on Sunday Marr introduced a dramatic if short lived redesign which won critical favour but was a commercial failure partly as a result of a limited promotional budget Marr admitted his changes had been a mistake in his book My Trade 14 Boycott left in April 1998 to join the Daily Express and Marr left in May 1998 later becoming the BBC s political editor Simon Kelner was appointed as the editor By this time the circulation had fallen below 200 000 Independent News spent heavily to increase circulation and the paper went through several redesigns While circulation increased it did not approach the level which had been achieved in 1989 or restore profitability Job cuts and financial controls reduced the morale of journalists and the quality of the product 15 2000 2009 Edit Ivan Fallon on the board since 1995 and formerly a key figure at The Sunday Times replaced Hopkins as head of Independent News amp Media in July 2002 By mid 2004 the newspaper was losing 5 million per year A gradual improvement meant that by 2006 circulation was at a nine year high 15 In November 2008 following further staff cuts production was moved to Northcliffe House in Kensington High Street the headquarters of Associated Newspapers 16 The two newspaper groups editorial management and commercial operations remained separate but they shared services including security information technology switchboard and payroll citation needed 2010 2016 Edit On 25 March 2010 Independent News amp Media sold the newspaper to a new company owned by the family of Russian oligarch Alexander Lebedev for a nominal 1 fee and 9 25m over the next 10 months choosing this option over closing The Independent and The Independent on Sunday which would have cost 28m and 40m respectively due to long term contracts Alexander s son Evgeny became Chairman of the new company with Alexander becoming a board director 7 17 In 2009 Lebedev had bought a controlling stake in the London Evening Standard Two weeks later editor Roger Alton resigned 18 In July 2011 The Independent s columnist Johann Hari was stripped of the Orwell Prize he had won in 2008 after claims to which Hari later admitted 19 of plagiarism and inaccuracy 20 In January 2012 Chris Blackhurst editor of The Independent told the Leveson inquiry that the scandal had severely damaged the newspaper s reputation He nevertheless told the inquiry that Hari would return as a columnist in four to five weeks 21 Hari later announced that he would not return to The Independent 22 Jonathan Foreman contrasted The Independent s reaction to the scandal unfavourably with the reaction of American newspapers to similar incidents such as the Jayson Blair case which led to resignations of editors deep soul searching and new standards of exactitude being imposed 23 The historian Guy Walters suggested that Hari s fabrications had been an open secret amongst the newspaper s staff and that their internal inquiry was a facesaving exercise 24 A proportion of articles are now behind a pay wall that section is titled Independent Minds The Independent and The Independent on Sunday endorsed Remain in the Brexit referendum of 2016 25 From 2016 Edit In March 2016 The Independent decided to close its print edition and become an online newspaper the last printed edition was published on Saturday 26 March 2016 The Independent on Sunday published its last print edition on 20 March 2016 and was closed following that 26 11 Content EditFormat and design Edit The Independent began publishing as a broadsheet in a series of celebrated designs The final version was designed by Carroll Dempsey and Thirkell following a commission by Nicholas Garland who along with Alexander Chancellor was unhappy with designs produced by Raymond Hawkey and Michael McGuiness on seeing the proposed designs Chancellor had said I thought we were joining a serious paper The first edition was designed and implemented by Michael Crozier who was Executive Editor Design and Picture from pre launch in 1986 to 1994 27 From September 2003 the paper was produced in both broadsheet and tabloid sized versions with the same content in each The tabloid edition was termed compact to distance itself from the more sensationalist reporting style usually associated with tabloid newspapers in the UK 28 After launching in the London area and then in North West England 29 the smaller format appeared gradually throughout the UK Soon afterwards Rupert Murdoch s Times followed suit introducing its own tabloid sized version 30 Prior to these changes The Independent had a daily circulation of around 217 500 the lowest of any major national British daily a figure that climbed by 15 as of March 2004 to 250 000 Throughout much of 2006 circulation stagnated at a quarter of a million On 14 May 2004 The Independent produced its last weekday broadsheet having stopped producing a Saturday broadsheet edition in January The Independent on Sunday published its last simultaneous broadsheet on 9 October 2005 and thereafter followed a compact design until the print edition was discontinued On 12 April 2005 The Independent redesigned its layout to a more European feel similar to France s Liberation The redesign was carried out by a Barcelona based design studio The weekday second section was subsumed within the main paper double page feature articles became common in the main news sections and there were revisions to the front and back covers 31 A new second section Extra was introduced on 25 April 2006 It is similar to The Guardian s G2 and The Times s Times2 containing features reportage and games including sudoku In June 2007 The Independent on Sunday consolidated its content into a news section which included sports and business and a magazine focusing on life and culture 32 On 23 September 2008 the main newspaper became full colour and Extra was replaced by an Independent Life Supplement focusing on different themes each day 33 Three weeks after the acquisition of the paper by Alexander Lebedev and Evgeny Lebedev in 2010 the paper was relaunched with another redesign on 20 April The new format featured smaller headlines and a new pullout Viewspaper section which contained the paper s comment and feature articles 34 From 26 October 2010 the same day as its sister paper i was launched The Independent was printed on slightly thicker paper than before and ceased to be full colour throughout with many photographs and pictures though none of those used in adverts being printed in black and white only On 11 October 2011 The Independent unveiled yet another new look featuring a red sans serif masthead In November 2013 the whole newspaper was overhauled again including new custom fonts and a vertical masthead in black citation needed Front pages Edit Following the 2003 switch in format The Independent became known for its unorthodox and campaigning front pages which frequently relied on images graphics or lists rather than traditional headlines and written news content For example following the Kashmir earthquake in 2005 it used its front page to urge its readers to donate to its appeal fund and following the publication of the Hutton Report into the death of British government scientist David Kelly its front page simply carried the word Whitewash 35 In 2003 the paper s editor Simon Kelner was named Editor of the Year at the What the Papers Say awards partly in recognition of according to the judges his often arresting and imaginative front page designs 36 In 2008 however as he was stepping down as editor he stated that it was possible to overdo the formula and that the style of the paper s front pages perhaps needed reinvention 37 Under the subsequent editorship of Chris Blackhurst the campaigning poster style front pages were scaled back in favour of more conventional news stories 38 Sections Edit The weekday Saturday and Sunday editions of The Independent all included supplements and pull out subsections Daily Monday to Friday The Independent Monday Sport A weekly pull out containing reports of the previous weekend s sporting events Saturday s The Independent Saturday Sport A weekly pull out containing reports looking ahead to the weekend s sporting events Radar A compact primarily listings magazine including television schedules film and DVD reviews and events listings for the coming week It also includes a round up of the 50 best items in a particular category For example over the Christmas period there are weekly supplements of Gifts for him and Gifts for her Traveller Contains travel articles and advertisements The Independent Magazine A features magazine including sections on food interiors and fashion The Independent on Sunday Sport A weekly pull out containing reports of Saturday s sporting events The New Review A features magazine Arts amp Books A culture supplement Rainbow List An annually updated list first published in 2000 then as the Pink List of the most famous and influential people who have declared themselves lesbian gay bisexual or transgender 39 40 Online presence Edit On 23 January 2008 The Independent relaunched its online edition www independent co uk 41 42 The relaunched site introduced a new look better access to the blog service priority on image and video content and additional areas of the site including art architecture fashion gadgets and health The paper launched podcast programmes such as The Independent Music Radio Show The Independent Travel Guides The Independent Sailing Podcasts and The Independent Video Travel Guides Since 2009 the website has carried short video news bulletins provided by the Al Jazeera English news channel 43 In 2014 The Independent launched a sister website i100 a shareable journalism site with similarities to Reddit and Upworthy 44 Political views EditThe Independent is generally described as centre 45 to centre left 46 47 liberal 3 and liberal left 4 When the paper was established in 1986 the founders intended its political stance to reflect the centre of the British political spectrum and thought that it would attract readers primarily from The Times and The Daily Telegraph It has been seen as leaning to the left wing of the political spectrum making it more a competitor to The Guardian However The Independent tends to take a liberal pro market stance on economic issues 48 The Independent on Sunday referred to itself as a proudly liberal newspaper 49 The paper has highlighted what it refers to as war crimes being committed by pro government forces in the Darfur region of Sudan 50 The paper has been a strong supporter of electoral reform 51 In 1997 The Independent on Sunday launched a campaign for the decriminalisation of cannabis Ten years later it reversed itself arguing that skunk the cannabis strain smoked by the majority of young Britons in 2007 had become 25 times stronger than resin sold a decade ago 52 The paper supports the United Kingdom becoming a republic 53 Originally it avoided royal stories Whittam Smith later saying he thought the British press was unduly besotted with the Royal Family and that a newspaper could manage without stories about the monarchy 54 In 2007 Alan Rusbridger editor of The Guardian said of The Independent The emphasis on views not news means that the reporting is rather thin and it loses impact on the front page the more you do that 55 In a 12 June 2007 speech British Prime Minister Tony Blair called The Independent a viewspaper saying it was started as an antidote to the idea of journalism as views not news That was why it was called the Independent Today it is avowedly a viewspaper not merely a newspaper 56 The Independent criticised Blair s comments the following day 57 58 but later changed format to include a Viewspaper insert in the centre of the regular newspaper designed to feature most of the opinion columns and arts reviews A leader published on the day of the 2008 London mayoral election compared the candidates and said that if the newspaper had a vote it would vote first for the Green Party candidate Sian Berry noting the similarity between her priorities and those of The Independent and secondly with rather heavy heart for the incumbent Ken Livingstone 59 An Ipsos MORI poll estimated that in the 2010 general election 44 of regular readers voted Liberal Democrat 32 voted Labour 60 and 14 voted Conservative compared to 23 29 and 36 respectively of the overall electorate 61 On the eve of the 2010 general election The Independent supported the Liberal Democrats arguing that T hey are longstanding and convincing champions of civil liberties sound economics international co operation on the great global challenges and of course fundamental electoral reform These are all principles that this newspaper has long held dear That is why we argue that there is a strong case for progressively minded voters to lend their support to the Liberal Democrats wherever there is a clear opportunity for that party to win 51 However before the 2015 general election The Independent on Sunday desisted from advising its readers how to vote writing that this does not mean that we are a bloodless value free news sheet We have always been committed to social justice but the paper recognised that it was up the readers to make up their own mind about whether you agree with us or not Rather than support a particular party the paper urged all its reader to vote as a responsibility of common citizenship 62 On 4 May 2015 the weekday version of The Independent said that a continuation of the Conservative Liberal Democrat coalition after the general election would be a positive outcome 63 At the end of July 2018 The Independent led a campaign they called the Final Say a change org petition by editor Christian Broughton for a binding referendum on the Brexit deal between the UK and the European Union 64 As of October 2018 Independent Arabia is owned and managed by Saudi Research and Marketing Group SRMG a major publishing organisation with close ties to the Saudi royal family and further news websites of The Independent in Persian Turkish and Urdu run by the same company are planned 65 Personnel EditEditors Edit The Independent 1986 Andreas Whittam Smith 1994 Ian Hargreaves 1995 Charles Wilson 1996 Andrew Marr 1998 Rosie Boycott 1998 Andrew Marr and Rosie Boycott 1998 Simon Kelner 2008 Roger Alton 2010 Simon Kelner 2011 Chris Blackhurst 66 2013 Amol Rajan 67 2016 Christian Broughton 68 The Independent on Sunday 1990 Stephen Glover 1991 Ian Jack 1995 Peter Wilby 1996 Rosie Boycott 1998 Kim Fletcher 1999 Janet Street Porter 2002 Tristan Davies 2008 John Mullin 2013 Lisa Markwell There have also been various guest editors over the years such as Elton John on 1 December 2010 the Body Shop s Anita Roddick on 19 June 2003 and U2 s Bono in 2006 Writers and columnists Edit Predominantly in The IndependentThis is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness You can help by adding missing items with reliable sources Yasmin Alibhai Brown Bruce Anderson Paul Arden Archie Bland Thom Brooks Andrew Brown writer Cooper Brown Michael Brown Simon Calder Ben Chu Alexa Chung Rob Cowan Sloane Crosley Tracey Emin Nigel Farage Mitch Feierstein Helen Fielding Robert Fisk Chris Gulker Ian Hamilton Howard Jacobson Alex James Peter Jenkins Owen Jones Andrew Keen Dominic Lawson John Lichfield Philip Llewellin Laura Lyons 69 Andy McSmith Donald MacIntyre Serena Mackesy Tracey MacLeod Rhodri Marsden Jan McGirk Deborah Orr Christina Patterson Peter Popham Simon Read Steve Richards Lizzie Dearden Ash Sarkar Alexei Sayle Will Self Mark Steel Catherine Townsend Paul Vallely Brian Viner Lynne Walker Andreas Whittam Smith Claudia Winkleman Predominantly The Independent on SundayThis is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness You can help by adding missing items with reliable sources Janet Street Porter Editor at Large Kate Bassett Theatre Patrick Cockburn John Rentoul Joan Smith Paul Vallely and Alan Watkins Comment amp Debate Peter Cole On the Press Rupert Cornwell Out of America Hermione Eyre Reviews Jenny Gilbert Dance Christopher Hirst and Lucinda Rogers The Weasel weekly illustrated column 1995 2008 Dom Joly First Up in The Sunday Review Tim Minogue and David Randall Observatory Cole Moreton News Analysis Regular double spread Anna Picard Opera and Classical Simon Price Rock and Pop Photographers Edit Timothy Allen Craig EastonLongford Prize EditThe Independent sponsors the Longford Prize in memory of Lord Longford 70 Related publications EditIndependent on SundayTypeSunday newspaperFormatBroadsheetPublisherIndependent Print LimitedEditorLisa Markwell 71 Founded1990 32 years ago 1990 Ceased publication20 March 2016 2016 03 20 Circulation155 661 72 Sister newspapersThe Independent i 2010 2013 indy100ISSN0958 1723OCLC number500339994The Independent on Sunday Edit The Independent on Sunday IoS was the Sunday sister newspaper of The Independent It ceased to exist in 2016 the last edition being published on 20 March the daily paper ceasing print publication six days later The i Edit Main article i newspaper In October 2010 the i a compact sister newspaper was launched The i is a separate newspaper but uses some of the same material It was later sold to regional newspaper company Johnston Press becoming that publisher s flagship national newspaper The i s online presence i100 was restyled as indy100 and retained by Independent News amp Media citation needed Indy100 Edit The online news site indy100 was announced by The Independent in February 2016 to be written by journalists but with stories selected by upvotes from readers Because indy100 is from The Independent you can still trust us to take our facts very seriously even the funny ones Some of the stories will have been inspired by the brilliant work in The Independent Most will be from the crack team of indy100 journalists 73 The RED Independent Edit The Independent supported U2 lead singer Bono s Product RED brand by creating The RED Independent an occasional edition that gave half the day s proceeds to the charity 74 The first edition was in May 2006 Edited by Bono it drew high sales 75 A September 2006 edition of The RED Independent designed by fashion designer Giorgio Armani drew controversy due to its cover shot showing model Kate Moss in blackface for an article about AIDS in Africa 76 Awards and nominations EditThe Independent was awarded National Newspaper of the Year for 2003 77 78 and the Independent on Sunday was awarded Front Page of the Year for 2014 s Here is the news not the propaganda printed on 5 October 2014 77 Independent journalists have won a range of British Press Awards including 77 Business amp Finance Journalist of the Year Michael Harrison 2000 Hamish McRae 2005 Stephen Foley 2008 Cartoonist of the Year Dave Brown 2012 Columnist of the Year Robert Chalmers Independent on Sunday 2004 Mark Steel 2014 Foreign Reporter of the Year Patrick Cockburn 2014 Interviewer of the Year Mathew Norman 2007 Deborah Ross 2011 Political Journalist of the Year Francis Elliott Independent on Sunday 2005 Specialist Journalist of the Year Michael McCarthy 2000 Jeremy Laurance 2011 Sports Journalist of the Year James Lawton 2010 Young Journalist of the Year Johann Hari 2002 Ed Caesar 2006 In January 2013 The Independent was nominated for the Responsible Media of the Year award at the British Muslim Awards 79 In popular culture EditThe Independent is regularly referenced in the Apple TV comedy Ted Lasso as the employer of recurring character Trent Crimm James Lance a skeptical reporter who is very critical of Ted s coaching but touched by his compassion 80 See also EditIndependent Foreign Fiction Prize Brett Straub incidentReferences Edit a b Ruddick Graham 4 August 2017 Saudi ties raise doubts about Independent s editorial freedom The Guardian a b c d Rajan Amol 29 July 2017 Is the Independent still independent BBC News a b Our Story The Independent Archived from the original on 18 June 2022 Retrieved 2 October 2019 a b Richard Rudin ed 2011 Broadcasting in the 21st Century Macmillan International Higher Education p 112 ISBN 9780230343849 and a man with impeccable liberal credentials being a former editor of the liberal left newspaper The Independent The Independent launches tabloid version to give readers a choice The Independent London 27 September 2003 Archived from the original on 18 June 2022 Independent to cease as print edition BBC News 12 February 2016 Retrieved 12 February 2016 a b Independent titles sold to Lebedev family company The Independent London 25 March 2010 Archived from the original on 18 June 2022 Retrieved 25 March 2010 Sale of stake in Independent to Saudi investor Sultan Muhammad Abuljadayel has no influence on editorial coverage watchdog rules The Independent 16 September 2019 Archived from the original on 18 June 2022 Newsworks Retrieved 19 December 2021 Dennis Griffiths ed The Encyclopedia of the British Press 1422 1992 London amp Basingstoke Macmillan 1992 p 330 a b Thurman Neil Fletcher Richard 14 September 2018 Are Newspapers Heading Toward Post Print Obscurity Digital Journalism 6 8 1003 1017 doi 10 1080 21670811 2018 1504625 ISSN 2167 0811 Glover Stephen 6 October 2006 The Independent Reflections on the last 20 years The Independent Archived from the original on 18 June 2022 Retrieved 3 December 2012 Lewis Justin Williams Andrew Franklin Bob Thomas James Mosdell Nick The Quality and Independence of British Journalism Tracking the Changes Over 20 Years PDF Cardiff Cardiff School of Journalism Media and Cultural Studies Cardiff University p 61 My Trade A short history of British journalism by Andrew Marr The Independent London 12 September 2004 Archived from the original on 4 August 2012 a b Lelic Sarah 19 September 2006 INM eyes Independent profit mad co uk Archived from the original on 18 May 2007 Retrieved 28 November 2017 Sweney Mark 28 November 2008 Independent titles to relocate to Associated Newspapers HQ The Guardian London Retrieved 28 November 2008 Bintliff Esther Fenton Ben 25 March 2010 Lebedev scoops up The Independent for 1 Financial Times London Retrieved 20 September 2011 Ponsford Dominic 9 April 2010 Roger Alton steps down as Independent editor Press Gazette London Hari Johann 15 September 2011 A personal apology The Independent Archived from the original on 18 June 2022 Johann Hari George Orwell prize stripping announcement delays amid plagiarism row Telegraph co uk Archived from the original on 11 January 2022 O Carroll Lisa 10 January 2012 Independent editor Johann Hari scandal severely damaged paper The Guardian Journalist Johann Hari rejects Independent return BBC News 21 January 2012 Foreman Jonathan Dirty Hari Commentary Magazine Commentary Magazine Walters Guy An Open Letter to Andreas Whittam Smith www newstatesman com The right choice is to remain The Independent 19 June 2016 Archived from the original on 18 June 2022 Retrieved 22 February 2019 Independent to cease as print edition BBC News 12 February 2016 Retrieved 22 February 2019 The Making of the Independent Michael Crozier 9780340500613 www bookdepository com Retrieved 12 May 2019 Carney Beth 1 December 2004 British papers shrink to conquer Business Week Retrieved 2 May 2009 The Independent announces launch of compact version in North west The Independent UK 3 November 2003 Archived from the original on 11 June 2010 Retrieved 2 May 2009 Billings Claire 5 December 2003 Times tabloid pushes up sales Brand Republic Retrieved 2 May 2009 Brook Stephen 12 April 2005 Independent redesign takes it forward The Guardian UK Retrieved 2 May 2009 Dominic Ponsford News magazine look for relaunched Independent on Sunday Press Gazette Archived from the original on 29 December 2008 Luft Oliver 23 September 2008 Independent goes full colour The Guardian London Retrieved 27 March 2010 Ponsford Dominic 20 April 2010 Independent relaunch Press Gazette Archived from the original on 22 April 2010 Retrieved 20 April 2010 Whitehead Jennifer 12 October 2005 Independent breaks front page mould again PRWeek Archived from the original on 14 February 2012 Retrieved 1 May 2009 Burrell Ian 18 December 2003 Independent editor wins top award The Independent London Archived from the original on 21 March 2011 Retrieved 1 May 2009 Brook Stephen 5 June 2008 Kelner says it s time to rethink viewspaper front pages The Guardian UK Retrieved 1 May 2009 Chris Blackhurst The Independent s new editor lays it on the line Retrieved 27 December 2017 The Independent on Sunday s Pink List 2013 The Independent 13 October 2013 Archived from the original on 18 June 2022 Retrieved 24 November 2014 Guest Katy 5 October 2014 The Rainbow List 2014 Why we changed the name from the Pink List The Independent on Sunday Archived from the original on 18 June 2022 Retrieved 25 November 2014 Welcome to The Independent s new website The Independent web only 23 January 2008 Independent unveils revamped website Journalism co uk 23 January 2008 Archived from the original on 25 October 2008 Fitzsimmons Caitlin 15 January 2009 Independent in al Jazeera video tie up guardian co uk web only London Retrieved 1 May 2009 Why The Independent launched the new user focused i100 journalism co uk 17 July 2014 Ann Luce ed 2019 Ethical Reporting of Sensitive Topics Routledge ISBN 9781351166300 Examining UK publications she found that the left leaning The Guardian was enthusiastic calling it the end of the fossil fuel era the centrist The Independent labelled the agreement historic but offered a series of cautions F N Forman N D J Baldwin ed 2007 Mastering British Politics Macmillan International Higher Education p 149 ISBN 9781137021595 Nadia R Sirhan ed 2021 Mastering British Politics Springer Nature p 65 ISBN 9783030170721 Newspapers in the U K can be differentiated politically from left to right with The Independent a centre left newspaper Wilby Peter 14 April 2008 It is Is he The Guardian London Retrieved 27 March 2010 Editorial a liberal gamble too far The Independent London 27 January 2013 Archived from the original on 18 June 2022 Grice Andrew 2 August 2007 Darfur The evidence of war crimes The Independent London Archived from the original on 22 April 2008 Retrieved 1 May 2009 a b This historic opportunity must not be missed The Independent London 5 May 2010 Archived from the original on 18 June 2022 Owen Jonathan 18 March 2007 Were we out of our minds No but then came skunk The Independent on Sunday London Archived from the original on 22 April 2008 Retrieved 2 May 2009 Katawala Sunder 7 February 2012 The monarchy is more secure than ever New Statesman Retrieved 11 August 2019 Whittam Smith Andreas 11 December 2000 Debate the monarchy s future but it will change nothing The Independent London Archived from the original on 9 July 2010 Retrieved 1 May 2009 Morgan Piers 2 April 2007 What happened when the Guardian editor met Piers Morgan The Independent London Archived from the original on 7 April 2008 Blair on the media BBC News 12 June 2007 Grice Andrew 13 June 2007 Blair s attack provokes anger among newspaper editors and broadcasters The Independent London Retrieved 9 December 2009 Kelner Simon 13 June 2007 Would you be saying this Mr Blair if we supported your war in Iraq The Independent London Archived from the original on 27 April 2008 Retrieved 9 December 2009 If newspapers had a vote this one would put its cross beside leader The Independent London 1 May 2008 p 28 Archived from the original on 18 June 2022 So consonant are her priorities with those of this paper that if we could vote for mayor today we would place our first preference cross against her name This would underscore the importance of the environment to both London and to the rest of the nation Then and with rather heavy heart it would be illogical to do anything other than make Ken Livingstone our second choice Ipsos MORI Ipsos MORI 24 May 2010 Voting by Newspaper Readership 1992 2010 Ipsos MORI General Election aggregates Ipsos MORI Retrieved 21 September 2011 General Election 2015 Every vote matters as a responsibility of The Independent 2 May 2015 Archived from the original on 18 June 2022 Editorial In defence of liberal democracy The Independent 4 May 2015 Archived from the original on 18 June 2022 The referendum gave sovereignty to the British people so now they deserve a final say on the Brexit deal The Independent 24 July 2018 Editorial Retrieved 30 July 2018 Waterson Jim Kamali Dehghan Saeed 19 October 2018 Independent s deal with Saudi publisher back under spotlight The Guardian A new editor for The Independent The Independent London 2 July 2011 Archived from the original on 18 June 2022 William Turvill Amol Rajan is made editor of The Independent as Chris Blackhurst becomes group content director Press Gazette 17 June 2013 Contact Us The Independent Retrieved 26 January 2017 Laura Lyons The Independent Archived from the original on 18 June 2022 Morris Nigel 23 November 2007 Prisoners Abroad charity wins Longford prize The Independent London Archived from the original on 18 June 2022 Retrieved 1 May 2009 Angela Haggerty Appointment of Lisa Markwell as editor of Independent on Sunday announced by owner via Twitter The Drum 26 April 2013 Brook Stephen 25 March 2010 Lebedev buys Independent newspapers The Guardian London Retrieved 27 March 2010 About indy100 com The Independent 17 February 2016 Archived from the original on 18 June 2022 Retrieved 17 May 2022 Vallely Paul 15 May 2006 A red revolution on the high street The Independent London Archived from the original on 11 September 2006 They found what they were looking for NewsDesigner com 23 May 2006 Archived from the original on 27 May 2006 Pool Hannah 22 September 2006 Return to the dark ages The Guardian London a b c Press Awards Winners for 2014 Archived from the original on 8 March 2016 Retrieved 2 April 2016 Press Awards Winners 2000 08 16 March 2004 Archived from the original on 2 April 2016 Retrieved 2 April 2016 Winners honoured at British Muslim Awards Asian Image 31 January 2013 Retrieved 1 November 2015 Perkins Dennis 12 August 2021 Hannah Waddingham tells Seth Meyers it s no shame that all the Ted Lasso boys love show tunes The A V Club Retrieved 18 August 2021 a href wiki Template Cite web title Template Cite web cite web a CS1 maint url status link External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to The Independent Official website Mobile Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title The Independent amp oldid 1093806045, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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