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Wikipedia

The Philadelphia Inquirer is a public-benefit corporation that publishes a news website (Inquirer.com) and two daily newspapers (The Philadelphia Inquirer and Daily News) that serve the Philadelphia metropolitan area of the United States. The newspaper was founded by John R. Walker and John Norvell in June 1829 as The Pennsylvania Inquirer and is the third-oldest continually operating daily newspaper in the United States. Owned by The Lenfest Institute, a subsidiary of The Philadelphia Foundation, The Inquirer is the largest newspaper in the United States organized under nonprofit ownership. As of 2007[update], it is the 17th largest average weekday U.S. newspaper circulation, and has won 20 Pulitzer Prizes as of 2021[update].

The Philadelphia Inquirer
The paper's May 2, 2011, front page
TypeDaily newspaper
FormatBroadsheet
Owner(s)The Lenfest Institute
Founder(s)John R. Walker and John Norvell
PublisherElizabeth H. Hughes
EditorGabriel Escobar
Deputy editorStephen Glynn, Brian Leighton, James Neff
Managing editorPatrick Kerkstra, Sandra Shea
FoundedJune 1, 1829; 193 years ago (1829-06-01) (as The Pennsylvania Inquirer)
Headquarters801 Market Street
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
CountryUnited States
Circulation193,497 daily
265,181 Sunday
(as of September 2020)
Sister newspapersPhiladelphia Daily News
ISSN0885-6613
Websiteinquirer.com

The Inquirer first became a major newspaper during the American Civil War when its war coverage was popular on both sides. The paper's circulation dropped after the war, then rose by the end of the 19th century. Originally supportive of the Democratic Party, The Inquirer's political affiliation eventually shifted toward the Whig Party and then the Republican Party before officially becoming politically independent in the middle of the 20th century. By the end of the 1960s, The Inquirer trailed its chief competitor, the Philadelphia Evening Bulletin, and lacked modern facilities and experienced staff. In the 1970s, new owners and editors turned the newspaper into one of the country's most prominent.

The publisher and CEO is Elizabeth H. Hughes, and the editor is Gabriel Escobar.

Contents

The Philadelphia Inquirer was founded as The Pennsylvania Inquirer by printer John R. Walker and John Norvell, former editor of Philadelphia's largest newspaper, the Aurora & Gazette. An editorial in the first issue of The Pennsylvania Inquirer promised that the paper would be devoted to the right of a minority to voice their opinion and "the maintenance of the rights and liberties of the people, equally against the abuses as the usurpation of power." They pledged support to then-President Andrew Jackson and "home industries, American manufactures, and internal improvements that so materially contribute to the agricultural, commercial and national prosperity." Founded on June 1, 1829, The Philadelphia Inquirer is the third-oldest surviving daily newspaper in the United States. However, in 1962, an Inquirer-commissioned historian traced The Inquirer to John Dunlap's The Pennsylvania Packet, which was founded on October 28, 1771. In 1850, The Packet was merged with another newspaper, The North American, which later merged with the Philadelphia Public Ledger. Finally, the Public Ledger merged with The Philadelphia Inquirer in the 1930s, and between 1962 and 1975, a line on The Inquirer's front page claimed that the newspaper is the United States' oldest surviving daily newspaper.

Six months after The Inquirer was founded, with competition from eight established daily newspapers, lack of funds forced Norvell and Walker to sell the newspaper to publisher and United States Gazette associate editor Jesper Harding. After Harding acquired The Pennsylvania Inquirer, it was briefly published as an afternoon paper before returning to its original morning format in January 1830. Under Harding, in 1829, The Inquirer moved from its original location between Front and Second Streets to between Second and Third Streets. When Harding bought and merged the Morning Journal in January 1830, the newspaper was moved to South Second Street. Ten years later The Inquirer again was moved, this time to its own building at the corner of Third Street and Carter's Alley. Harding expanded The Inquirer's content and the paper soon grew into a major Philadelphian newspaper. The expanded content included the addition of fiction, and in 1840, Harding gained rights to publish several Charles Dickens novels for which Dickens was paid a significant amount. At the time the common practice was to pay little or nothing for the rights of foreign authors' works.

Civil War to 1920s

The Inquirer Building, formerly the Elverson Building, the home of the newspaper from 1924 to 2011

Harding retired in 1859 and was succeeded by his son William White Harding, who had become a partner three years earlier. William Harding changed the name of the newspaper to its current name, The Philadelphia Inquirer. Harding, in an attempt to increase circulation, cut the price of the paper, began delivery routes and had newsboys sell papers on the street. In 1859, circulation had been around 7,000; by 1863 it had increased to 70,000. Part of the increase was due to the interest in news during the American Civil War. Twenty-five to thirty thousand copies of The Inquirer were often distributed to Union soldiers during the war and several times the U.S. government asked The Philadelphia Inquirer to issue a special edition specifically for soldiers. The Philadelphia Inquirer supported the Union, but Harding wanted their coverage to remain neutral. Confederate generals often sought copies of the paper, believing that the newspaper's war coverage was accurate.

Inquirer journalist Uriah Hunt Painter was at the First Battle of Bull Run in 1861, a battle which ended in a Confederate victory. Initial reports from the government claimed a Union victory, but The Inquirer went with Painter's firsthand account. Crowds threatened to burn The Inquirer's building down because of the report. Another report, this time about General George Meade, angered Meade enough that he punished Edward Crapsey, the reporter who wrote it. Crapsey and other war correspondents later decided to attribute any victories of the Army of the Potomac, Meade's command, to Ulysses S. Grant, commander of the entire Union army. Any defeats of the Army of the Potomac would be attributed to Meade.

During the war, The Inquirer continued to grow with more staff being added and another move into a larger building on Chestnut Street. However, after the war, economic hits combined with Harding becoming ill, hurt The Inquirer. Despite Philadelphia's population growth, distribution fell from 70,000 during the Civil War to 5,000 in 1888. Beginning in 1889, the paper was sold to publisher James Elverson. To bring back the paper, Elverson moved The Inquirer to a new building with the latest printing technology and an increased staff. The "new" Philadelphia Inquirer premiered on March 1 and was successful enough that Elverson started a Sunday edition of the paper. In 1890, in an attempt to increase circulation further, the price of The Inquirer was cut and the paper's size was increased, mostly with classified advertisements. After five years The Inquirer had to move into a larger building on Market Street and later expanded into adjacent property.

After Elverson's death in 1911, his son by his wife Sallie Duvall, James Elverson Jr. took charge. Under Elverson Jr., the newspaper continued to grow, eventually needing to move again. Elverson Jr. bought land at Broad and Callowhill Streets and built the eighteen-story Elverson Building, now known as the Inquirer Building. The first Inquirer issue printed at the building came out on July 13, 1925. Elverson Jr. died a few years later in 1929 and his sister, Eleanor Elverson, Mrs. Jules Patenôtre, took over.

Annenberg years

Eleanor Elverson Patenôtre ordered cuts throughout the paper, but was not really interested in managing it and ownership was soon put up for sale. Cyrus Curtis and Curtis-Martin Newspapers Inc. bought the newspaper on March 5, 1930. Curtis died a year later and his stepson-in-law, John Charles Martin, took charge. Martin merged The Inquirer with another paper, the Public Ledger, but the Great Depression hurt Curtis-Martin Newspapers and the company defaulted in payments of maturity notes. Subsequently, ownership of The Inquirer returned to the Patenôtre family and Elverson Corp. Charles A. Taylor was elected president of The Inquirer Co. and ran the paper until it was sold to Moses L. Annenberg in 1936. During the period between Elverson Jr. and Annenberg The Inquirer stagnated, its editors ignoring most of the poor economic news of the Depression. The lack of growth allowed J. David Stern's newspaper, The Philadelphia Record, to surpass The Inquirer in circulation and become the largest newspaper in Pennsylvania.

Under Moses Annenberg, The Inquirer turned around. Annenberg added new features, increased staff and held promotions to increase circulation. By November 1938 Inquirer's weekday circulation increased to 345,422 from 280,093 in 1936. During that same period the Record's circulation had dropped to 204,000 from 328,322. In 1939, Annenberg was charged with income tax evasion. Annenberg pleaded guilty before his trial and was sentenced to three years in prison. While incarcerated he fell ill and died from a brain tumor six weeks after his release from prison in June 1942. Upon Moses Annenberg's death, his son, Walter Annenberg, took over. Not long after, in 1947, the Record went out of business and The Philadelphia Inquirer became Philadelphia's only major daily morning newspaper. While still trailing behind Philadelphia's largest newspaper, the Evening Bulletin, The Inquirer continued to be profitable. In 1948, Walter Annenberg expanded the Inquirer Building with a new structure that housed new printing presses for The Inquirer and, during the 1950s and 1960s, Annenberg's other properties, Seventeen and TV Guide. In 1957 Annenberg bought the Philadelphia Daily News and combined the Daily News' facilities with The Inquirer's.

A 38-day strike in 1958 hurt The Inquirer and, after the strike ended, so many reporters had accepted buyout offers and left that the newsroom was noticeably empty. Furthermore, many current reporters had been copyclerks just before the strike and had little experience. One of the few star reporters of the 1950s and 1960s was investigative reporter Harry Karafin. During his career Harry Karafin exposed corruption and other exclusive stories for The Inquirer, but also extorted money out of individuals and organizations. Karafin would claim he had harmful information and would demand money in exchange for the information not being made public. This went on from the late 1950s into the early 1960s before Karafin was exposed in 1967 and convicted of extortion a year later. By the end of the 1960s, circulation and advertising revenue was in decline and the newspaper had become, according to Time magazine, "uncreative and undistinguished."

Corporate ownership

Daily Circulation
Year Weekday Sunday
1936 280,093 669,152
1938 345,422 1,035,871
1968 648,000 905,000
1984 533,000 995,000
1990 511,000 996,000
1999 402,000 802,000
2002 373,892 747,969
2006 350,457 705,965
2007 338,049 645,095
2019 101,818 201,024

In 1969, Annenberg was offered US$55 million for The Inquirer by Samuel Newhouse, but having earlier promised John S. Knight the right of first refusal of any sale offer, Annenberg sold it to Knight instead. The Inquirer, along with the Philadelphia Daily News, became part of Knight Newspapers and its new subsidiary, Philadelphia Newspapers Inc. (PNI). Five years later, Knight Newspapers merged with Ridder Publications to form Knight Ridder.

When The Inquirer was bought, it was understaffed, its equipment was outdated, many of its employees were underskilled and the paper trailed its chief competitor, the Evening Bulletin, in weekday circulation. However, Eugene L. Roberts Jr., who became The Inquirer's executive editor in 1972, turned the newspaper around. Between 1975 and 1990 The Inquirer won seventeen Pulitzers, six consecutively between 1975 and 1980, and more journalism awards than any other newspaper in the United States. Time magazine chose The Inquirer as one of the ten best daily newspapers in the United States, calling Roberts' changes to the paper, "one of the most remarkable turnarounds, in quality and profitability, in the history of American journalism." By July 1980 The Inquirer had become the most circulated paper in Philadelphia, forcing the Evening Bulletin to shut down two years later. The Inquirer's success was not without hardships. Between 1970 and 1985 the newspaper experienced eleven strikes, the longest lasting forty-six days in 1985. The Inquirer was also criticized for covering "Karachi better than Kensington". This did not stop the paper's growth during the 1980s, and when the Evening Bulletin shut down, The Inquirer hired seventeen Bulletin reporters and doubled its bureaus to attract former Bulletin readers. By 1989, Philadelphia Newspapers Inc.'s editorial staff reached a peak of 721 employees.

The 1990s saw gradually dropping circulation and advertisement revenue for The Inquirer. The decline was part of a nationwide trend, but the effects were exacerbated by, according to dissatisfied Inquirer employees, the paper's resisting changes that many other daily newspapers implemented to keep readers and pressure from Knight Ridder to cut costs. During most of Roberts's time as editor, Knight Ridder allowed him a great deal of freedom in running the newspaper. However, in the late 1980s, Knight Ridder had become concerned about The Inquirer's profitability and took a more active role in its operations. Knight Ridder pressured The Inquirer to expand into the more profitable suburbs, while at the same time cutting staff and coverage of national and international stories. Staff cuts continued until Knight Ridder was bought in 2006, with some of The Inquirer's best reporters accepting buyouts and leaving for other newspapers such as The New York Times and The Washington Post. By the late 1990s, all of the high-level editors who had worked with Eugene Roberts in the 1970s and 1980s had left, none at normal retirement age. Since the 1980s, the paper has won only three Pulitzers: a 1997 award for "Explanatory Journalism.", the public service award (the top category) in 2012 for " its exploration of pervasive violence in the city's schools", and the 2014 prize for criticism, won by architecture critic Inga Saffron. In 1998, Inquirer reporter Ralph Cipriano filed a libel suit against Knight Ridder, The Philadelphia Inquirer, and Inquirer editor Robert Rosenthal over comments Rosenthal made about Cipriano to The Washington Post. Cipriano had claimed that it was difficult reporting negative stories in The Inquirer about the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Philadelphia and Rosenthal later claimed that Cipriano had "a very strong personal point of view and an agenda ... He could never prove [his stories]." The suit was later settled out of court in 2001.

The paper launched an online news desk in the early 2000s in order to compete with local radio stations for breaking news.: 48–49 Knight Ridder was bought by rival The McClatchy Company in June 2006. The Inquirer and the Philadelphia Daily News were among the twelve less-profitable Knight Ridder newspapers that McClatchy put up for sale when the deal was announced in March. On June 29, 2006, The Inquirer and Daily News were sold to Philadelphia Media Holdings LLC (PMH), a group of Philadelphian area business people, including Brian P. Tierney, PMH's chief executive. The new owners planned to spend US$5 million on advertisements and promotions to increase The Inquirer's profile and readership.

In the years following Philadelphia Media Holdings' acquisition, The Inquirer saw larger than expected revenue losses, mostly from national advertising, and continued loss of circulation. The revenue losses caused management to cut four hundred jobs at The Inquirer and Daily News in the three years since the papers were bought. Despite efforts to cut costs, Philadelphia Newspapers LLC, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection on February 21, 2009. Philadelphia Media Holdings was about US$390 million in debt, due to money borrowed to buy The Inquirer and Daily News. The bankruptcy was the beginning of a year-long dispute between Philadelphia Media Holdings and its creditors. The group of creditors, which included banks and hedge funds, wanted to take control of Philadelphia Newspapers LLC themselves and opposed efforts by Philadelphia Media Holdings to keep control. Philadelphia Media Holdings received support from most of the paper's unions and launched a public-relations campaign to promote local ownership. A bankruptcy auction was held on April 28, 2010. The group of lending creditors and a group of local investors allied with Brian Tierney both bid for Philadelphia Newspapers, but the lenders had the winning bid. The deal fell through after the group of lenders, under the name of Philadelphia Media Network (PMN), was unable to reach a contract agreement with the union representing the company's drivers. Philadelphia Newspapers, represented by Lawrence G. McMichael of Dilworth Paxson LLP, challenged the right of creditors to credit bid at a bankruptcy auction. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit held that credit bidding was not permitted. The papers went up for auction again in September and again Philadelphia Media Network (PMN) won the bid. After successfully negotiating a contract with all of the paper's fourteen unions, the US$139 million deal became official on October 8.

The Philadelphia Inquirer continued to struggle to make a profit, due to competition from digital media sources. By May 2012 the combined journalist staff at all of Philadelphia Media Network was about 320 and some of the same stories and photographs appear both in The Inquirer and Daily News. On April 2, 2012, a group of local business leaders paid $55 million for the paper, less than 15 percent of the $515 million spent to buy the papers in 2006.

In June 2014, PMN was sold to H.F. "Gerry" Lenfest, who appointed C.Z. "Terry" Egger as publisher and CEO in October 2015. In 2016, Lenfest donated PMN to The Philadelphia Foundation, so that The Inquirer, its sister newspaper, the Daily News, and their joint website, Philly.com, could remain in Philadelphia.

Move to Strawbridge's building

Philadelphia Media Network sold the Inquirer Building in October 2011 to developer Bart Blatstein, of Tower Investments Inc., who intends to turn the complex into a mixed-use complex of offices retail and apartments. The next month, publisher and CEO Gregory J. Osberg announced that 600 of the 740 Philadelphia Media Network employees of The Inquirer, Daily News, and Philly.com would move to office space in the former Strawbridge & Clothier department store on east Market Street. The remaining employees would move to offices in the suburbs. The Philadelphia Media Network moved to the new location in July 2012, consolidating the offices entirely on the third floor. Cutbacks had left much of the 525,000 square feet (49,000 m2) within the Inquirer Building empty, but the 125,000-square-foot (12,000 m2) east Market Street location consolidated Philadelphia Media's departments, including the Daily News' newsroom with The Inquirer's. The new location would include a street-level lobby and event room. Plans for the building also included electronic signage such as a news ticker on the corner of the high-rise.

In 2019, Philadelphia Media Network was renamed from Philly.com to Inquirer.com and made the Daily News an edition of The Inquirer. Philadelphia Media Network was renamed The Philadelphia Inquirer, LLC. Also, in 2019, The Philadelphia Inquirer was a founding member of Spotlight PA, an investigative reporting partnership focused on Pennsylvania.

2020 "Buildings Matter, Too" article

On Tuesday, June 2, 2020 The Inquirer ran an Inga Saffron article covering the George Floyd protests under the headline "Buildings Matter, Too", a reference to the "Black Lives Matter" movement. On June 3, the editors apologized for the headline and journalists at The Inquirer wrote an open letter detailing the paper's failures to accurately report on non-white communities. The letter demanded a plan for correcting these issues and stated these journalists would be calling in "sick and tired" on June 4. The letter read in part:

We're tired of shouldering the burden of dragging this 200-year-old institution kicking and screaming into a more equitable age. We're tired of being told of the progress the company has made and being served platitudes about "diversity and inclusion" when we raise our concerns. We're tired of seeing our words and photos twisted to fit a narrative that does not reflect our reality. We're tired of being told to show both sides of issues there are no two sides of.

Journalists of Color of The Philadelphia Inquirer

More than 40 Inquirer staffers called in sick on June 4. On June 6, the paper announced that Stan Wischnowski would resign as senior vice president and executive editor. Journalists were told they would not have a say in his replacement. In 2022, the paper admitted to its own racism, both in publishing the article and across the organization.

The sign above the entrance to Inquirer Building

John Norvell left the Aurora & Gazette and his job as editor because he disagreed with what he felt was the newspaper's editorial approval of a movement towards a European class system. When Norvell and John Walker founded The Inquirer they wanted the newspaper to represent all people and not just the higher classes. The newly launched newspaper supported Jeffersonian democracy and President Andrew Jackson, and it declared support for the right of the minority's opinion to be heard. A legend about the founding of The Inquirer states that Norvell said, "There could be no better name than The Inquirer. In a free state, there should always be an inquirer asking on behalf of the people: 'Why was this done? Why is that necessary work not done? Why is that man put forward? Why is that law proposed? Why? Why? Why?'"

When Norvell and Walker sold their newspaper to Jesper Harding, Harding kept the paper close to the founder's politics and backed the Democratic Party. However, disagreeing with Andrew Jackson's handling of the Second Bank of the United States he began supporting the anti-Jackson wing of the Democrats. During the 1836 Presidential election Harding supported the Whig party candidate over the Democratic candidate and afterwards The Inquirer became known for its support of Whig candidates. Before the American Civil War began, The Inquirer supported the preservation of the Union, and was critical of the antislavery movement which many felt was responsible for the Southern succession crisis. Once the war began The Inquirer maintained an independent reporting of the war's events. However The Inquirer firmly supported the Union side. At first The Inquirer's editors were against emancipation of the slaves, but after setbacks by the Union army The Inquirer started advocating a more pro-war and pro-Republican stance. In a July 1862 article, The Inquirer wrote "in this war there can be but two parties, patriots and traitors."

Republican Bible

Under James Elverson, The Philadelphia Inquirer declared, "the new Inquirer shall be in all respects a complete, enterprising, progressive newspaper, moved by all the wide-awake spirit of the time and behind in nothing of interest to people who want to know what is going on every day and everywhere...steadily and vigorously Republican in its political policy, but just and fair in its treatment of all questions..." During the 1900 Republican convention in Philadelphia, Elverson set up a large electric banner over Broad Street that declared "Philadelphia Inquirer – Largest Republican Circulation in the World." At the turn of the 20th century the newspaper began editorial campaigns to improve Philadelphia, including the paving of major streets and stopping a corrupt plan to buy the polluted Schuylkill Canal for drinking water. The newspaper continued similar politics under Elverson Jr., and by the 1920s The Inquirer became known as the "Republican Bible of Pennsylvania".

Between 1929 and 1936, while under Patenotre and Curtis-Martin, The Inquirer continued to support the Republican party and President Herbert Hoover, noticeably by not reporting on the news of the Great Depression. Statistics on unemployment or business closings were ignored, even when they came from the government. Information about Philadelphia banks closing was relegated to the back of the financial section. When Moses Annenberg took over The Philadelphia Inquirer, he announced that the paper would "continue to uphold the principles of the Republican Party", but in a meeting with newspaper editors shortly after, he proposed that the paper go independent and support President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the upcoming election. The editors rejected this idea and the paper remained Republican. In the late 1930s, Annenberg disagreed with Roosevelt's New Deal programs and his handling of strikes. This prompted editorials criticizing the policies of Roosevelt and his supporters. He strongly opposed Democratic Pennsylvania governor George Earle and had The Inquirer support the Republican candidates in the 1938 Pennsylvania state elections. When Republicans swept the election there was a celebration at The Inquirer headquarters with red flares and the firing of cannons. The attacks against Democrats and the support given towards Republicans caught the attention of the Roosevelt administration. Annenberg had turned The Philadelphia Inquirer into a major challenger to its chief competitor the Democratic Record, and after Annenberg began focusing on politics, Democratic politicians often attacked Annenberg and accused him of illegal business practices. In 1939, Annenberg was charged with income tax evasion, pleaded guilty before the trial, and was sent to prison for three years. Annenberg's friends and his son, Walter, claimed that the whole trial was politically motivated and his sentence was harsher than it should have been.

Independent

Copies of The Inquirer being sold at the Philadelphia Eagles' Super Bowl LII victory parade in 2018

When the Record shut down in 1947, The Inquirer announced that it was now an independent newspaper and, frustrated with corruption in Philadelphia, supported Democratic candidates in the 1951 election. While Walter Annenberg had made The Inquirer independent, he did use the paper to attack people he disliked. Sometimes when a person or group angered Annenberg, that person would be blacklisted and not mentioned anywhere within The Inquirer. People on the blacklist were even airbrushed out of images. People who were on the list at one point included Nicholas Katzenbach, Ralph Nader, Zsa Zsa Gabor, and the basketball team the Philadelphia Warriors, who were not mentioned for an entire season. In 1966, Walter Annenberg used The Inquirer to attack Pennsylvania gubernatorial candidate Milton Shapp. During a press conference, an Inquirer reporter asked Shapp if he had ever been a patient in a mental hospital; having never been a patient, Shapp said no. The next day's headline in The Inquirer read "Shapp Denies Rumors He Had Psychiatric Treatment in 1965." Shapp attributed his loss of the election to Annenberg's attack campaign.

Annenberg was a backer and friend of Richard Nixon. In the 1952 presidential election, critics later claimed Annenberg had The Inquirer look the other way when covering accusations Nixon was misappropriating funds. Later, to avoid accusations of political bias, Annenberg had The Inquirer use only news agency sources such as the Associated Press for the 1960 and 1968 presidential elections. When Nixon was elected president in 1968, Annenberg was appointed the U.S. ambassador to the Court of St. James's. A year later when Annenberg sold the newspaper to Knight Newspapers, a part of the deal stipulated that Annenberg's name would appear as "Editor and Publisher Emeritus" in The Inquirer's masthead. In 1970, Annenberg, already unhappy with changes in the newspaper, had his name removed from the paper after an editorial critical of Richard Nixon appeared.

Under Knight Ridder, The Inquirer continued to be editorially independent. However, conservative commentators have labeled The Inquirer left leaning, and the paper has not endorsed a Republican candidate for President of the United States since Gerald Ford in 1976. Throughout the 1990s and into the 21st century, groups supportive of Israel such as the Zionist Organization of America often accused The Inquirer of being anti-Israel. In 2006, The Inquirer became one of the only major United States newspapers to print one of the Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons. Afterwards, Muslims picketed outside The Inquirer Building to protest the printing of the cartoons in the paper.

The former Strawbridge & Clothier Building at 801 Market Street, where the Inquirer and Daily News offices are now located.

When Philadelphia Media Holdings L.L.C. (PMH) bought the paper in 2006, Brian P. Tierney and the business people behind PMH signed a pledge promising that they would not influence the content of the paper. Tierney, a Republican activist who had represented many local groups in the Philadelphia area, had criticized The Inquirer in the past on behalf of his clients. One of Tierney's clients had been the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Philadelphia, which he had represented during the Cipriano affair. PMH membership also included Bruce E. Toll, vice chairman of Toll Brothers Inc. Tierney said that the group was aware that the fastest way to ruin its investment in The Inquirer was to threaten the paper's editorial independence. The 2012 sale of Philadelphia Media Network to six local business leaders also led to concern of conflict of interest. The new owners, which included New Jersey Democratic fundraiser George Norcross III, media entrepreneur H. F. Lenfest, former New Jersey Nets owner Lewis Katz, and CEO of Liberty Property Trust and chairman of the Greater Philadelphia Chamber of Commerce William Hankowsky, pledged not to influence the content of the paper.

The members of Board of Directors as of February 2021[update]:

As of February 2021[update]The Inquirer has 225 newsroom employees. 54.7% are male and 45.3% female.

People have complained that the racial demographics of the newsroom do not match the city it covers arguing that the newsroom is 75% white, while 34% of Philadelphia is white. However they apppear to be referencing the demographics inside the city limits while the paper both serves and draws a workforce from the greater Philadelphia area. The metro Philly area is over 60% white and approximately 20% Black. So they are accurate that Black journalists are under represented accounting for less than 12% of the newsroom, but overstate the gap by referencing the City of Philadelphia which is 40% Black but ignoring that the greater metro area is approximately 20% Black. Three quarters of editors are white. Six desks– Opinion, Investigations, Upside, Now, Digital and Spotlight– have no Black journalists.

In March 2020, The NewsGuild of Greater Philadelphia and Philadelphia Inquirer LLC reached an agreement on a three-year contract agreement that would include a workforce diversity provision and raises for the entire newsroom, which hadn't seen across the board salary increases since August 2009. NewsGuild membership ratified the three-year contract agreement on March 17, 2020.

The Philadelphia Inquirer is headquartered at 801 Market Street in the Market East section of Center City Philadelphia along with the Philadelphia Daily News. In 2020 The Inquirer closed its Schuylkill Printing Plant in Upper Merion Township, laying off about 500 employees. As of 2021[update], printing of The Inquirer and the Philadelphia Daily News has been outsourced to a printing plant in Cherry Hill, New Jersey owned by Gannett.

As of February 2021[update]The Inquirer's publisher is Elizabeth H. Hughes. Editor and senior vice president is Gabriel Escobar. Managing editors are Patrick Kerkstra and Sandra Shea. Deputy Managing Editors are Stephen Glynn, Brian Leighton and James Neff.

Since 1995, The Inquirer has been available on the Internet, most recently at Inquirer.com, which, along with the Philadelphia Daily News, is part of The Philadelphia Inquirer LLC. : 17, 21

The Inquirer's local coverage area includes Philadelphia, southeastern Pennsylvania, and southern New Jersey. In September 1994 The Inquirer and WPHL-TV co-produced a 10 p.m. newscast called Inquirer News Tonight. The show lasted a year before WPHL-TV took complete control over the program and was renamed WB17 News at Ten. In 2004, The Inquirer formed a partnership with Philadelphia's NBC station, WCAU, giving the paper access to WCAU's weather forecasts while also contributing to news segments throughout the day.

Pulitzer Prizes awarded to The Philadelphia Inquirer
Year Award Person(s) Work
1975 National Reporting Donald Barlett and James B. Steele "Auditing the Internal Revenue Service" series
1976 Editorial Cartooning Tony Auth "O beautiful for spacious skies, For amber waves of grain"
1977 Local Investigative Specialized Reporting Acel Moore and Wendell Rawls, Jr. Report on the conditions at the Fairview State Hospital for the mentally ill
1978 Public Service The Philadelphia Inquirer A series of articles on the abuse of power by Philadelphia police
1979 International Reporting Richard Ben Cramer Reports from the Middle East
1980 Local General or Spot News Reporting Staff of The Philadelphia Inquirer Coverage of the Three Mile Island accident
1985 Investigative Reporting William K. Marimow Exposé on the Philadelphia police K-9 unit
1985 Feature Photography Larry C. Price Series of photographs from Angola and El Salvador
1986 National Reporting Arthur Howe Report on deficiencies in IRS processing of tax returns-reporting
1986 Feature Photography Tom Gralish Series of photographs on the homeless in Philadelphia
1987 Investigative Reporting John Woestendiek Prison beat reporting
1987 Investigative Reporting Daniel R. Biddle, H. G. Bissinger and Fredric N. Tulsky "Disorder in the Court"
1987 Feature Writing Steve Twomey Profile of life aboard an aircraft carrier
1988 National Reporting Tim Weiner Series on a secret Pentagon budget used for defense research and an arms buildup
1989 National Reporting Donald Barlett and James B. Steele Investigation into the Tax Reform Act of 1986
1989 Feature Writing David Zucchino "Being Black in South Africa"
1990 Public Service Gilbert M. Gaul Report on the American blood industry
1997 Explanatory Journalism Michael Vitez, April Saul and Ron Cortes Series on the choices of the critically ill
2012 Public Service Staff of The Philadelphia Inquirer "...exploration of pervasive violence in the city's schools"
2014 Criticism Inga Saffron Criticism of architecture
Source: The Pulitzer Prizes: Columbia University

Notes

  1. AAM News Media Statement 9-30-20, Alliance for Audited Media, September 30, 2020
  2. Wilkinson, Gerry. "The History of the Philadelphia Inquirer". Philadelphia Press Association. RetrievedMay 27, 2006.
  3. "About". Lenfest Institute for Journalism. RetrievedJuly 2, 2020.
  4. "Top 100 Newspapers in the United States". www.infoplease.com. RetrievedFebruary 15, 2021.
  5. "2013 Top Media Outlets: Newspapers, Blogs, Consumer Magazines, Social Networks, Websites, and Broadcast Media"(PDF). BurrellesLuce. June 2013. RetrievedApril 30, 2015.
  6. "About Us | The Philadelphia Inquirer". The Philadelphia Inquirer. RetrievedJuly 2, 2020.
  7. Williams, Edgar (June 20, 2003). "A history of The Inquirer". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Archived from the original on February 19, 2007. RetrievedMay 27, 2006.
  8. "Again, Curtis-Martin". Time. March 17, 1930. Archived from the original on October 23, 2012.
  9. "Philadelphia Purchase". Time. August 10, 1936. Archived from the original on December 15, 2008.
  10. Ogden, Christopher (1999). Legacy: A Biography of Moses and Walter Annenberg. New York: Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 0-316-63379-8.
  11. "From Paperboy to Philanthropist". archive.nytimes.com. RetrievedMay 29, 2022.
  12. Henry III, William A. (April 30, 1984). "The Ten Best U.S. Dailies". Time. p. 61. Archived from the original on December 21, 2008.
  13. Lewis, Frank (October 21–28, 1999). "Sinking Ship". Philadelphia City Paper. Archived from the original on June 23, 2006.
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The Philadelphia Inquirer Article Talk Language Watch Edit The Philadelphia Inquirer is a public benefit corporation that publishes a news website Inquirer com and two daily newspapers The Philadelphia Inquirer and Daily News that serve the Philadelphia metropolitan area of the United States The newspaper was founded by John R Walker and John Norvell in June 1829 as The Pennsylvania Inquirer and is the third oldest continually operating daily newspaper in the United States 2 Owned by The Lenfest Institute a subsidiary of The Philadelphia Foundation The Inquirer is the largest newspaper in the United States organized under nonprofit ownership 3 As of 2007 update it is the 17th largest average weekday U S newspaper circulation 4 and has won 20 Pulitzer Prizes as of 2021 update 5 The Philadelphia InquirerThe paper s May 2 2011 front pageTypeDaily newspaperFormatBroadsheetOwner s The Lenfest InstituteFounder s John R Walker and John NorvellPublisherElizabeth H HughesEditorGabriel EscobarDeputy editorStephen Glynn Brian Leighton James NeffManaging editorPatrick Kerkstra Sandra SheaFoundedJune 1 1829 193 years ago 1829 06 01 as The Pennsylvania Inquirer Headquarters801 Market Street Philadelphia PennsylvaniaCountryUnited StatesCirculation193 497 daily 265 181 Sunday as of September 2020 1 Sister newspapersPhiladelphia Daily NewsISSN0885 6613Websiteinquirer wbr comMedia of the United StatesList of newspapers The Inquirer first became a major newspaper during the American Civil War when its war coverage was popular on both sides The paper s circulation dropped after the war then rose by the end of the 19th century Originally supportive of the Democratic Party The Inquirer s political affiliation eventually shifted toward the Whig Party and then the Republican Party before officially becoming politically independent in the middle of the 20th century By the end of the 1960s The Inquirer trailed its chief competitor the Philadelphia Evening Bulletin and lacked modern facilities and experienced staff In the 1970s new owners and editors turned the newspaper into one of the country s most prominent The publisher and CEO is Elizabeth H Hughes and the editor is Gabriel Escobar 6 Contents 1 History 1 1 Civil War to 1920s 1 2 Annenberg years 1 3 Corporate ownership 1 4 Move to Strawbridge s building 1 5 2020 Buildings Matter Too article 2 Politics 2 1 Republican Bible 2 2 Independent 3 Board of Directors 4 Workforce 5 Production 6 Pulitzer Prizes 7 See also 8 References 9 External linksHistory EditThe Philadelphia Inquirer was founded as The Pennsylvania Inquirer by printer John R Walker and John Norvell former editor of Philadelphia s largest newspaper the Aurora amp Gazette An editorial in the first issue of The Pennsylvania Inquirer promised that the paper would be devoted to the right of a minority to voice their opinion and the maintenance of the rights and liberties of the people equally against the abuses as the usurpation of power They pledged support to then President Andrew Jackson and home industries American manufactures and internal improvements that so materially contribute to the agricultural commercial and national prosperity 7 Founded on June 1 1829 The Philadelphia Inquirer is the third oldest surviving daily newspaper in the United States However in 1962 an Inquirer commissioned historian traced The Inquirer to John Dunlap s The Pennsylvania Packet which was founded on October 28 1771 In 1850 The Packet was merged with another newspaper The North American which later merged with the Philadelphia Public Ledger 2 Finally the Public Ledger merged with The Philadelphia Inquirer in the 1930s and between 1962 and 1975 a line on The Inquirer s front page claimed that the newspaper is the United States oldest surviving daily newspaper 7 Six months after The Inquirer was founded with competition from eight established daily newspapers lack of funds forced Norvell and Walker to sell the newspaper to publisher and United States Gazette associate editor Jesper Harding After Harding acquired The Pennsylvania Inquirer it was briefly published as an afternoon paper before returning to its original morning format in January 1830 Under Harding in 1829 The Inquirer moved from its original location between Front and Second Streets to between Second and Third Streets When Harding bought and merged the Morning Journal in January 1830 the newspaper was moved to South Second Street Ten years later The Inquirer again was moved this time to its own building at the corner of Third Street and Carter s Alley Harding expanded The Inquirer s content and the paper soon grew into a major Philadelphian newspaper The expanded content included the addition of fiction and in 1840 Harding gained rights to publish several Charles Dickens novels for which Dickens was paid a significant amount At the time the common practice was to pay little or nothing for the rights of foreign authors works 7 Civil War to 1920s Edit See also Inquirer Building The Inquirer Building formerly the Elverson Building the home of the newspaper from 1924 to 2011 Harding retired in 1859 and was succeeded by his son William White Harding who had become a partner three years earlier William Harding changed the name of the newspaper to its current name The Philadelphia Inquirer Harding in an attempt to increase circulation cut the price of the paper began delivery routes and had newsboys sell papers on the street In 1859 circulation had been around 7 000 by 1863 it had increased to 70 000 Part of the increase was due to the interest in news during the American Civil War Twenty five to thirty thousand copies of The Inquirer were often distributed to Union soldiers during the war and several times the U S government asked The Philadelphia Inquirer to issue a special edition specifically for soldiers The Philadelphia Inquirer supported the Union but Harding wanted their coverage to remain neutral Confederate generals often sought copies of the paper believing that the newspaper s war coverage was accurate 7 Inquirer journalist Uriah Hunt Painter was at the First Battle of Bull Run in 1861 a battle which ended in a Confederate victory Initial reports from the government claimed a Union victory but The Inquirer went with Painter s firsthand account Crowds threatened to burn The Inquirer s building down because of the report Another report this time about General George Meade angered Meade enough that he punished Edward Crapsey the reporter who wrote it Crapsey and other war correspondents later decided to attribute any victories of the Army of the Potomac Meade s command to Ulysses S Grant commander of the entire Union army Any defeats of the Army of the Potomac would be attributed to Meade 7 During the war The Inquirer continued to grow with more staff being added and another move into a larger building on Chestnut Street However after the war economic hits combined with Harding becoming ill hurt The Inquirer Despite Philadelphia s population growth distribution fell from 70 000 during the Civil War to 5 000 in 1888 Beginning in 1889 the paper was sold to publisher James Elverson To bring back the paper Elverson moved The Inquirer to a new building with the latest printing technology and an increased staff The new Philadelphia Inquirer premiered on March 1 and was successful enough that Elverson started a Sunday edition of the paper In 1890 in an attempt to increase circulation further the price of The Inquirer was cut and the paper s size was increased mostly with classified advertisements After five years The Inquirer had to move into a larger building on Market Street and later expanded into adjacent property 7 After Elverson s death in 1911 his son by his wife Sallie Duvall James Elverson Jr took charge Under Elverson Jr the newspaper continued to grow eventually needing to move again Elverson Jr bought land at Broad and Callowhill Streets and built the eighteen story Elverson Building now known as the Inquirer Building The first Inquirer issue printed at the building came out on July 13 1925 Elverson Jr died a few years later in 1929 and his sister Eleanor Elverson Mrs Jules Patenotre took over 7 Annenberg years Edit Eleanor Elverson Patenotre ordered cuts throughout the paper but was not really interested in managing it and ownership was soon put up for sale Cyrus Curtis and Curtis Martin Newspapers Inc bought the newspaper on March 5 1930 8 Curtis died a year later and his stepson in law John Charles Martin took charge Martin merged The Inquirer with another paper the Public Ledger but the Great Depression hurt Curtis Martin Newspapers and the company defaulted in payments of maturity notes Subsequently ownership of The Inquirer returned to the Patenotre family and Elverson Corp 9 Charles A Taylor was elected president of The Inquirer Co and ran the paper until it was sold to Moses L Annenberg in 1936 During the period between Elverson Jr and Annenberg The Inquirer stagnated its editors ignoring most of the poor economic news of the Depression The lack of growth allowed J David Stern s newspaper The Philadelphia Record to surpass The Inquirer in circulation and become the largest newspaper in Pennsylvania 2 10 Under Moses Annenberg The Inquirer turned around Annenberg added new features increased staff and held promotions to increase circulation By November 1938 Inquirer s weekday circulation increased to 345 422 from 280 093 in 1936 During that same period the Record s circulation had dropped to 204 000 from 328 322 In 1939 Annenberg was charged with income tax evasion Annenberg pleaded guilty before his trial and was sentenced to three years in prison While incarcerated he fell ill and died from a brain tumor six weeks after his release from prison in June 1942 11 Upon Moses Annenberg s death his son Walter Annenberg took over Not long after in 1947 the Record went out of business and The Philadelphia Inquirer became Philadelphia s only major daily morning newspaper While still trailing behind Philadelphia s largest newspaper the Evening Bulletin The Inquirer continued to be profitable In 1948 Walter Annenberg expanded the Inquirer Building with a new structure that housed new printing presses for The Inquirer and during the 1950s and 1960s Annenberg s other properties Seventeen and TV Guide 7 In 1957 Annenberg bought the Philadelphia Daily News and combined the Daily News facilities with The Inquirer s A 38 day strike in 1958 hurt The Inquirer and after the strike ended so many reporters had accepted buyout offers and left that the newsroom was noticeably empty Furthermore many current reporters had been copyclerks just before the strike and had little experience One of the few star reporters of the 1950s and 1960s was investigative reporter Harry Karafin During his career Harry Karafin exposed corruption and other exclusive stories for The Inquirer but also extorted money out of individuals and organizations Karafin would claim he had harmful information and would demand money in exchange for the information not being made public 10 This went on from the late 1950s into the early 1960s before Karafin was exposed in 1967 and convicted of extortion a year later By the end of the 1960s circulation and advertising revenue was in decline and the newspaper had become according to Time magazine uncreative and undistinguished 12 Corporate ownership Edit Daily Circulation Year Weekday Sunday1936 7 280 093 669 1521938 345 422 1 035 8711968 648 000 905 0001984 12 533 000 995 0001990 13 511 000 996 0001999 402 000 802 0002002 2 373 892 747 9692006 14 350 457 705 9652007 15 338 049 645 0952019 16 101 818 201 024 In 1969 Annenberg was offered US 55 million for The Inquirer by Samuel Newhouse but having earlier promised John S Knight the right of first refusal of any sale offer Annenberg sold it to Knight instead The Inquirer along with the Philadelphia Daily News became part of Knight Newspapers and its new subsidiary Philadelphia Newspapers Inc PNI Five years later Knight Newspapers merged with Ridder Publications to form Knight Ridder 17 When The Inquirer was bought it was understaffed its equipment was outdated many of its employees were underskilled and the paper trailed its chief competitor the Evening Bulletin in weekday circulation However Eugene L Roberts Jr who became The Inquirer s executive editor in 1972 turned the newspaper around Between 1975 and 1990 The Inquirer won seventeen Pulitzers six consecutively between 1975 and 1980 and more journalism awards than any other newspaper in the United States Time magazine chose The Inquirer as one of the ten best daily newspapers in the United States calling Roberts changes to the paper one of the most remarkable turnarounds in quality and profitability in the history of American journalism 12 By July 1980 The Inquirer had become the most circulated paper in Philadelphia forcing the Evening Bulletin to shut down two years later The Inquirer s success was not without hardships Between 1970 and 1985 the newspaper experienced eleven strikes the longest lasting forty six days in 1985 The Inquirer was also criticized for covering Karachi better than Kensington 12 This did not stop the paper s growth during the 1980s and when the Evening Bulletin shut down The Inquirer hired seventeen Bulletin reporters and doubled its bureaus to attract former Bulletin readers 18 By 1989 Philadelphia Newspapers Inc s editorial staff reached a peak of 721 employees 19 The 1990s saw gradually dropping circulation and advertisement revenue for The Inquirer The decline was part of a nationwide trend but the effects were exacerbated by according to dissatisfied Inquirer employees the paper s resisting changes that many other daily newspapers implemented to keep readers and pressure from Knight Ridder to cut costs 13 During most of Roberts s time as editor Knight Ridder allowed him a great deal of freedom in running the newspaper However in the late 1980s Knight Ridder had become concerned about The Inquirer s profitability and took a more active role in its operations Knight Ridder pressured The Inquirer to expand into the more profitable suburbs while at the same time cutting staff and coverage of national and international stories 18 Staff cuts continued until Knight Ridder was bought in 2006 with some of The Inquirer s best reporters accepting buyouts and leaving for other newspapers such as The New York Times and The Washington Post By the late 1990s all of the high level editors who had worked with Eugene Roberts in the 1970s and 1980s had left none at normal retirement age Since the 1980s the paper has won only three Pulitzers a 1997 award for Explanatory Journalism 20 the public service award the top category in 2012 for its exploration of pervasive violence in the city s schools 21 and the 2014 prize for criticism won by architecture critic Inga Saffron 22 In 1998 Inquirer reporter Ralph Cipriano filed a libel suit against Knight Ridder The Philadelphia Inquirer and Inquirer editor Robert Rosenthal over comments Rosenthal made about Cipriano to The Washington Post Cipriano had claimed that it was difficult reporting negative stories in The Inquirer about the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Philadelphia 23 and Rosenthal later claimed that Cipriano had a very strong personal point of view and an agenda He could never prove his stories 24 The suit was later settled out of court in 2001 25 The paper launched an online news desk in the early 2000s in order to compete with local radio stations for breaking news 26 48 49 Knight Ridder was bought by rival The McClatchy Company in June 2006 The Inquirer and the Philadelphia Daily News were among the twelve less profitable Knight Ridder newspapers that McClatchy put up for sale when the deal was announced in March 27 On June 29 2006 The Inquirer and Daily News were sold to Philadelphia Media Holdings LLC PMH a group of Philadelphian area business people including Brian P Tierney PMH s chief executive The new owners planned to spend US 5 million on advertisements and promotions to increase The Inquirer s profile and readership 28 In the years following Philadelphia Media Holdings acquisition The Inquirer saw larger than expected revenue losses mostly from national advertising and continued loss of circulation The revenue losses caused management to cut four hundred jobs at The Inquirer and Daily News in the three years since the papers were bought 29 30 Despite efforts to cut costs Philadelphia Newspapers LLC filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection on February 21 2009 Philadelphia Media Holdings was about US 390 million in debt due to money borrowed to buy The Inquirer and Daily News 31 The bankruptcy was the beginning of a year long dispute between Philadelphia Media Holdings and its creditors The group of creditors which included banks and hedge funds wanted to take control of Philadelphia Newspapers LLC themselves and opposed efforts by Philadelphia Media Holdings to keep control 32 Philadelphia Media Holdings received support from most of the paper s unions and launched a public relations campaign to promote local ownership 33 A bankruptcy auction was held on April 28 2010 The group of lending creditors and a group of local investors allied with Brian Tierney both bid for Philadelphia Newspapers but the lenders had the winning bid 34 The deal fell through after the group of lenders under the name of Philadelphia Media Network PMN was unable to reach a contract agreement with the union representing the company s drivers 35 Philadelphia Newspapers represented by Lawrence G McMichael of Dilworth Paxson LLP challenged the right of creditors to credit bid at a bankruptcy auction The U S Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit held that credit bidding was not permitted The papers went up for auction again in September and again Philadelphia Media Network PMN won the bid After successfully negotiating a contract with all of the paper s fourteen unions the US 139 million deal became official on October 8 36 37 The Philadelphia Inquirer continued to struggle to make a profit due to competition from digital media sources By May 2012 the combined journalist staff at all of Philadelphia Media Network was about 320 and some of the same stories and photographs appear both in The Inquirer and Daily News On April 2 2012 a group of local business leaders paid 55 million for the paper less than 15 percent of the 515 million spent to buy the papers in 2006 38 In June 2014 PMN was sold to H F Gerry Lenfest who appointed C Z Terry Egger as publisher and CEO in October 2015 39 In 2016 Lenfest donated PMN to The Philadelphia Foundation so that The Inquirer its sister newspaper the Daily News and their joint website Philly com could remain in Philadelphia 40 Move to Strawbridge s building Edit Philadelphia Media Network sold the Inquirer Building in October 2011 to developer Bart Blatstein of Tower Investments Inc who intends to turn the complex into a mixed use complex of offices retail and apartments The next month publisher and CEO Gregory J Osberg announced that 600 of the 740 Philadelphia Media Network employees of The Inquirer Daily News and Philly com would move to office space in the former Strawbridge amp Clothier department store on east Market Street The remaining employees would move to offices in the suburbs The Philadelphia Media Network moved to the new location in July 2012 consolidating the offices entirely on the third floor Cutbacks had left much of the 525 000 square feet 49 000 m2 within the Inquirer Building empty but the 125 000 square foot 12 000 m2 east Market Street location consolidated Philadelphia Media s departments including the Daily News newsroom with The Inquirer s The new location would include a street level lobby and event room Plans for the building also included electronic signage such as a news ticker on the corner of the high rise 41 42 In 2019 Philadelphia Media Network was renamed from Philly com to Inquirer com and made the Daily News an edition of The Inquirer Philadelphia Media Network was renamed The Philadelphia Inquirer LLC 43 Also in 2019 The Philadelphia Inquirer was a founding member of Spotlight PA an investigative reporting partnership focused on Pennsylvania 44 2020 Buildings Matter Too article Edit On Tuesday June 2 2020 The Inquirer ran an Inga Saffron article covering the George Floyd protests under the headline Buildings Matter Too 45 a reference to the Black Lives Matter movement 46 On June 3 the editors apologized for the headline 47 48 49 and journalists at The Inquirer wrote an open letter detailing the paper s failures to accurately report on non white communities The letter demanded a plan for correcting these issues and stated these journalists would be calling in sick and tired on June 4 The letter read in part 50 We re tired of shouldering the burden of dragging this 200 year old institution kicking and screaming into a more equitable age We re tired of being told of the progress the company has made and being served platitudes about diversity and inclusion when we raise our concerns We re tired of seeing our words and photos twisted to fit a narrative that does not reflect our reality We re tired of being told to show both sides of issues there are no two sides of Journalists of Color of The Philadelphia Inquirer More than 40 Inquirer staffers called in sick on June 4 On June 6 the paper announced that Stan Wischnowski would resign as senior vice president and executive editor 51 52 Journalists were told they would not have a say in his replacement 53 In 2022 the paper admitted to its own racism both in publishing the article and across the organization 54 Politics Edit The sign above the entrance to Inquirer Building John Norvell left the Aurora amp Gazette and his job as editor because he disagreed with what he felt was the newspaper s editorial approval of a movement towards a European class system When Norvell and John Walker founded The Inquirer they wanted the newspaper to represent all people and not just the higher classes The newly launched newspaper supported Jeffersonian democracy and President Andrew Jackson and it declared support for the right of the minority s opinion to be heard 7 A legend about the founding of The Inquirer states that Norvell said There could be no better name than The Inquirer In a free state there should always be an inquirer asking on behalf of the people Why was this done Why is that necessary work not done Why is that man put forward Why is that law proposed Why Why Why 55 When Norvell and Walker sold their newspaper to Jesper Harding Harding kept the paper close to the founder s politics and backed the Democratic Party However disagreeing with Andrew Jackson s handling of the Second Bank of the United States he began supporting the anti Jackson wing of the Democrats During the 1836 Presidential election Harding supported the Whig party candidate over the Democratic candidate and afterwards The Inquirer became known for its support of Whig candidates 2 Before the American Civil War began The Inquirer supported the preservation of the Union and was critical of the antislavery movement which many felt was responsible for the Southern succession crisis 56 Once the war began The Inquirer maintained an independent reporting of the war s events 7 However The Inquirer firmly supported the Union side At first The Inquirer s editors were against emancipation of the slaves but after setbacks by the Union army The Inquirer started advocating a more pro war and pro Republican stance In a July 1862 article The Inquirer wrote in this war there can be but two parties patriots and traitors 56 Republican Bible Edit Under James Elverson The Philadelphia Inquirer declared the new Inquirer shall be in all respects a complete enterprising progressive newspaper moved by all the wide awake spirit of the time and behind in nothing of interest to people who want to know what is going on every day and everywhere steadily and vigorously Republican in its political policy but just and fair in its treatment of all questions 7 During the 1900 Republican convention in Philadelphia Elverson set up a large electric banner over Broad Street that declared Philadelphia Inquirer Largest Republican Circulation in the World 2 At the turn of the 20th century the newspaper began editorial campaigns to improve Philadelphia including the paving of major streets and stopping a corrupt plan to buy the polluted Schuylkill Canal for drinking water The newspaper continued similar politics under Elverson Jr and by the 1920s The Inquirer became known as the Republican Bible of Pennsylvania 7 Between 1929 and 1936 while under Patenotre and Curtis Martin The Inquirer continued to support the Republican party and President Herbert Hoover noticeably by not reporting on the news of the Great Depression Statistics on unemployment or business closings were ignored even when they came from the government Information about Philadelphia banks closing was relegated to the back of the financial section When Moses Annenberg took over The Philadelphia Inquirer he announced that the paper would continue to uphold the principles of the Republican Party but in a meeting with newspaper editors shortly after he proposed that the paper go independent and support President Franklin D Roosevelt in the upcoming election The editors rejected this idea and the paper remained Republican In the late 1930s Annenberg disagreed with Roosevelt s New Deal programs and his handling of strikes This prompted editorials criticizing the policies of Roosevelt and his supporters He strongly opposed Democratic Pennsylvania governor George Earle and had The Inquirer support the Republican candidates in the 1938 Pennsylvania state elections When Republicans swept the election there was a celebration at The Inquirer headquarters with red flares and the firing of cannons The attacks against Democrats and the support given towards Republicans caught the attention of the Roosevelt administration Annenberg had turned The Philadelphia Inquirer into a major challenger to its chief competitor the Democratic Record and after Annenberg began focusing on politics Democratic politicians often attacked Annenberg and accused him of illegal business practices In 1939 Annenberg was charged with income tax evasion pleaded guilty before the trial and was sent to prison for three years Annenberg s friends and his son Walter claimed that the whole trial was politically motivated and his sentence was harsher than it should have been 10 Independent Edit Copies of The Inquirer being sold at the Philadelphia Eagles Super Bowl LII victory parade in 2018 When the Record shut down in 1947 The Inquirer announced that it was now an independent newspaper and frustrated with corruption in Philadelphia supported Democratic candidates in the 1951 election 7 While Walter Annenberg had made The Inquirer independent he did use the paper to attack people he disliked Sometimes when a person or group angered Annenberg that person would be blacklisted and not mentioned anywhere within The Inquirer People on the blacklist were even airbrushed out of images People who were on the list at one point included Nicholas Katzenbach Ralph Nader Zsa Zsa Gabor and the basketball team the Philadelphia Warriors who were not mentioned for an entire season In 1966 Walter Annenberg used The Inquirer to attack Pennsylvania gubernatorial candidate Milton Shapp During a press conference an Inquirer reporter asked Shapp if he had ever been a patient in a mental hospital having never been a patient Shapp said no The next day s headline in The Inquirer read Shapp Denies Rumors He Had Psychiatric Treatment in 1965 57 Shapp attributed his loss of the election to Annenberg s attack campaign 10 Annenberg was a backer and friend of Richard Nixon In the 1952 presidential election critics later claimed Annenberg had The Inquirer look the other way when covering accusations Nixon was misappropriating funds Later to avoid accusations of political bias Annenberg had The Inquirer use only news agency sources such as the Associated Press for the 1960 and 1968 presidential elections 10 When Nixon was elected president in 1968 Annenberg was appointed the U S ambassador to the Court of St James s A year later when Annenberg sold the newspaper to Knight Newspapers a part of the deal stipulated that Annenberg s name would appear as Editor and Publisher Emeritus in The Inquirer s masthead In 1970 Annenberg already unhappy with changes in the newspaper had his name removed from the paper after an editorial critical of Richard Nixon appeared 7 Under Knight Ridder The Inquirer continued to be editorially independent However conservative commentators have labeled The Inquirer left leaning 58 59 and the paper has not endorsed a Republican candidate for President of the United States since Gerald Ford in 1976 60 61 Throughout the 1990s and into the 21st century groups supportive of Israel such as the Zionist Organization of America often accused The Inquirer of being anti Israel 62 In 2006 The Inquirer became one of the only major United States newspapers to print one of the Jyllands Posten Muhammad cartoons Afterwards Muslims picketed outside The Inquirer Building to protest the printing of the cartoons in the paper 63 The former Strawbridge amp Clothier Building at 801 Market Street where the Inquirer and Daily News offices are now located When Philadelphia Media Holdings L L C PMH bought the paper in 2006 Brian P Tierney and the business people behind PMH signed a pledge promising that they would not influence the content of the paper Tierney a Republican activist who had represented many local groups in the Philadelphia area had criticized The Inquirer in the past on behalf of his clients One of Tierney s clients had been the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Philadelphia which he had represented during the Cipriano affair PMH membership also included Bruce E Toll vice chairman of Toll Brothers Inc Tierney said that the group was aware that the fastest way to ruin its investment in The Inquirer was to threaten the paper s editorial independence 64 The 2012 sale of Philadelphia Media Network to six local business leaders also led to concern of conflict of interest 65 The new owners which included New Jersey Democratic fundraiser George Norcross III media entrepreneur H F Lenfest former New Jersey Nets owner Lewis Katz and CEO of Liberty Property Trust and chairman of the Greater Philadelphia Chamber of Commerce William Hankowsky pledged not to influence the content of the paper 38 Board of Directors EditThe members of Board of Directors as of February 2021 update 66 Josh Kopelman Lisa Kabnick Stephen J Harmelin Elizabeth H Hughes S Mitra Kalita Keith Leaphart Sunny Rao Brian Tierney Neil Vogel Gillian B White Richard WorleyWorkforce EditAs of February 2021 update The Inquirer has 225 newsroom employees 54 7 are male and 45 3 female 67 People have complained that the racial demographics of the newsroom do not match the city it covers arguing that the newsroom is 75 white while 34 of Philadelphia is white 68 However they apppear to be referencing the demographics inside the city limits while the paper both serves and draws a workforce from the greater Philadelphia area The metro Philly area is over 60 white and approximately 20 Black 69 70 So they are accurate that Black journalists are under represented accounting for less than 12 of the newsroom but overstate the gap by referencing the City of Philadelphia which is 40 Black but ignoring that the greater metro area is approximately 20 Black Three quarters of editors are white Six desks Opinion Investigations Upside Now Digital and Spotlight have no Black journalists 71 In March 2020 The NewsGuild of Greater Philadelphia and Philadelphia Inquirer LLC reached an agreement on a three year contract agreement that would include a workforce diversity provision and raises for the entire newsroom which hadn t seen across the board salary increases since August 2009 72 NewsGuild membership ratified the three year contract agreement on March 17 2020 73 Production EditThe Philadelphia Inquirer is headquartered at 801 Market Street in the Market East section of Center City Philadelphia along with the Philadelphia Daily News 42 In 2020 The Inquirer closed its Schuylkill Printing Plant in Upper Merion Township laying off about 500 employees As of 2021 update printing of The Inquirer and the Philadelphia Daily News has been outsourced to a printing plant in Cherry Hill New Jersey owned by Gannett 74 As of February 2021 update The Inquirer s publisher is Elizabeth H Hughes 75 Editor and senior vice president is Gabriel Escobar 76 Managing editors are Patrick Kerkstra and Sandra Shea Deputy Managing Editors are Stephen Glynn Brian Leighton and James Neff 77 Since 1995 The Inquirer has been available on the Internet most recently at Inquirer com which along with the Philadelphia Daily News is part of The Philadelphia Inquirer LLC 26 17 21 6 The Inquirer s local coverage area includes Philadelphia southeastern Pennsylvania and southern New Jersey In September 1994 The Inquirer and WPHL TV co produced a 10 p m newscast called Inquirer News Tonight The show lasted a year before WPHL TV took complete control over the program and was renamed WB17 News at Ten 78 In 2004 The Inquirer formed a partnership with Philadelphia s NBC station WCAU giving the paper access to WCAU s weather forecasts while also contributing to news segments throughout the day 79 80 Pulitzer Prizes EditPulitzer Prizes awarded to The Philadelphia InquirerYear Award Person s Work1975 National Reporting Donald Barlett and James B Steele Auditing the Internal Revenue Service series1976 Editorial Cartooning Tony Auth O beautiful for spacious skies For amber waves of grain 1977 Local Investigative Specialized Reporting Acel Moore and Wendell Rawls Jr Report on the conditions at the Fairview State Hospital for the mentally ill1978 Public Service The Philadelphia Inquirer A series of articles on the abuse of power by Philadelphia police1979 International Reporting Richard Ben Cramer Reports from the Middle East1980 Local General or Spot News Reporting Staff of The Philadelphia Inquirer Coverage of the Three Mile Island accident1985 Investigative Reporting William K Marimow Expose on the Philadelphia police K 9 unit1985 Feature Photography Larry C Price Series of photographs from Angola and El Salvador1986 National Reporting Arthur Howe Report on deficiencies in IRS processing of tax returns reporting1986 Feature Photography Tom Gralish Series of photographs on the homeless in Philadelphia1987 Investigative Reporting John Woestendiek Prison beat reporting1987 Investigative Reporting Daniel R Biddle H G Bissinger and Fredric N Tulsky Disorder in the Court 1987 Feature Writing Steve Twomey Profile of life aboard an aircraft carrier1988 National Reporting Tim Weiner Series on a secret Pentagon budget used for defense research and an arms buildup1989 National Reporting Donald Barlett and James B Steele Investigation into the Tax Reform Act of 19861989 Feature Writing David Zucchino Being Black in South Africa 1990 Public Service Gilbert M Gaul Report on the American blood industry1997 Explanatory Journalism Michael Vitez April Saul and Ron Cortes Series on the choices of the critically ill2012 Public Service Staff of The Philadelphia Inquirer exploration of pervasive violence in the city s schools 2014 Criticism Inga Saffron Criticism of architectureSource The Pulitzer Prizes Columbia University 81 See also EditThe Philadelphia Inquirer people List of newspapers in Pennsylvania List of newspapers in the United States by circulation Media in PhiladelphiaReferences EditNotes AAM News Media Statement 9 30 20 Alliance for Audited Media September 30 2020 a b c d e f Wilkinson Gerry The History of the Philadelphia Inquirer Philadelphia Press Association Retrieved May 27 2006 About Lenfest Institute for Journalism Retrieved July 2 2020 Top 100 Newspapers in the United States www infoplease com Retrieved February 15 2021 2013 Top Media Outlets Newspapers Blogs Consumer Magazines Social Networks Websites and Broadcast Media PDF BurrellesLuce June 2013 Retrieved April 30 2015 a b About Us The Philadelphia Inquirer The Philadelphia Inquirer Retrieved July 2 2020 a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Williams Edgar June 20 2003 A history of The Inquirer The Philadelphia Inquirer Archived from the original on February 19 2007 Retrieved May 27 2006 Again Curtis Martin Time March 17 1930 Archived from the original on October 23 2012 Philadelphia Purchase Time August 10 1936 Archived from the original on December 15 2008 a b c d e Ogden Christopher 1999 Legacy A Biography of Moses and Walter Annenberg New York Little Brown and Company ISBN 0 316 63379 8 From Paperboy to Philanthropist archive nytimes com Retrieved May 29 2022 a b c d Henry III William A April 30 1984 The Ten Best U S Dailies Time p 61 Archived from the original on December 21 2008 a b Lewis Frank October 21 28 1999 Sinking Ship Philadelphia City Paper Archived from the original on June 23 2006 DiStefano Joseph N May 9 2006 Shrinking only on paper The Philadelphia Inquirer Panaritis Maria March 1 2008 Audit reduces Inquirer Sunday circulation The Philadelphia Inquirer D01 Cipriano Ralph July 18 2019 Inquirer Management Fears Philly Could Have No Daily Paper in 5 Years Philadelphia Retrieved January 15 2021 Exec helped merge Knight Ridder in 74 Los Angeles Times Times Wire Reports December 31 2008 Retrieved January 3 2021 a b Shapiro Michael March April 2006 Looking for Light Columbia Journalism Review Zucchino David March 17 2006 Feeling Like an Orphan in Philadelphia Los Angeles Times Retrieved January 3 2021 via PressThink Merritt Davis 2005 Knightfall Knight Ridder and How the Erosion of Newspaper Journalism is Putting Democracy at Risk New York AMACOM ISBN 0 8144 0854 0 Carroll Kathleen et al 2012 2012 Pulitzer Prizes The Pulitzer Prizes Tash Paul C Gissler Sig 2014 2014 Pulitzer Prizes The Pulitzer Prizes Lewis Frank January 11 18 2001 So Sorry Philadelphia City Paper Archived from the original on June 14 2006 Lewis Frank June 18 25 1998 Bob and Weave Philadelphia City Paper Archived from the original on June 14 2006 Barringer Felicity January 6 2001 Reporter and Philadelphia Paper Settle Libel Suit Filed After Firing Published 2001 The New York Times Retrieved January 3 2021 a b Anderson C W 2013 Rebuilding the news metropolitan journalism in the digital age Temple University Press ISBN 9781439909355 Knight Ridder bought for 4 5bn BBC News March 13 2006 Retrieved May 28 2006 DiStefano Joseph N June 30 2006 Job 1 for new owners Raise papers profile The Philadelphia Inquirer Volk Steve February 2009 1978 Called It wants its Newspaper Back Philadelphia Magazine Archived from the original on January 31 2009 Retrieved February 1 2009 Loviglio Joann January 3 2007 Philadelphia Inquirer lays off 71 people BusinessWeek Perez Pena Richard February 22 2009 Philadelphia Newspapers Seeking Bankruptcy The New York Times Retrieved February 24 2009 Philadelphia Media Holdings Chapter 11Petition PDF PacerMonitor PacerMonitor Retrieved January 3 2017 Denvir Daniel September 3 2009 Local Flavor Columbia Journalism Review Hepp Christopher K Harold Brubaker April 28 2010 Phila Newspapers sold to lenders The Philadelphia Inquirer Van Allen Peter September 15 2010 Sale of Inquirer Daily News voided new auction date set for Sept Philadelphia Business Journal Retrieved May 11 2011 Church Steven September 24 2010 Philadelphia Inquirer Lenders Best Perelman in Bankruptcy Court Auction Bloomberg Businessweek Retrieved July 19 2012 Meet the New Boss Philly Newspapers Sale Finally Completed Editor amp Publisher October 8 2010 Retrieved May 11 2011 a b Van Allen Peter April 3 2012 Reaction to the latest sale of daily newspapers Philadelphia Business Journal Retrieved July 18 2012 Gammage Jeff August 25 2015 Terry Egger named publisher of Philadelphia Media Network The Inquirer Archived from the original on March 4 2016 Retrieved October 24 2015 via Philly com Gamage Jeff January 12 2016 Lenfest donates newspapers website to new media institute Philly com Philadelphia Media Network Digital LLC Retrieved January 3 2017 Fernandez Bob November 14 2011 Inquirer DN moving to 8th amp Market The Philadelphia Inquirer a b Saffron Inga July 14 2012 Will our move to Market Street move the street The Philadelphia Inquirer Why the Inquirer is replacing Philly com Billy Penn Retrieved August 25 2019 PennLive amp The Patriot News join Spotlight PA as founding partners Spotlight PA August 29 2019 Retrieved November 6 2021 Saffron Inga Damaging buildings disproportionately hurts the people protesters are trying to uplift Inga Saffron Philadelphia Inquirer Retrieved February 13 2021 Editors Inquirer An apology to our readers and Inquirer employees The Philadelphia Inquirer Retrieved February 13 2021 a href wiki Template Cite web title Template Cite web cite web a last has generic name help Wise Justin June 4 2020 Philadelphia Inquirer reporters skip work after paper publishes Buildings Matter Too headline The Hill Retrieved June 5 2020 Bauder David June 5 2020 New York Times says senator s op ed didn t meet standards ABC News Retrieved June 5 2020 Gurley Lauren Kaori June 4 2020 Journalists of Color at the Philadelphia Inquirer Stage Mass Sick out Vice Retrieved June 5 2020 Open Letter From Journalists of Color at the Philadelphia Inquirer transformtheinquirer com Retrieved February 13 2021 Stan Wischnowski resigns as The Philadelphia Inquirer s top editor The Philadelphia Inquirer Buildings matter Philadelphia newspaper editor resigns after headline sparks uproar The Guardian June 7 2020 Retrieved June 7 2020 Five actions status amp progress transformtheinquirer com Retrieved February 13 2021 Black City White Paper Philadelphia Inquirer Shapiro Howie May 23 2006 Asking Why since 1829 The Philadelphia Inquirer a b Weigley Russell Frank 1982 Wainwright Nicholas B Wolf Edwin eds Philadelphia a 300 year history 1st ed New York W W Norton ISBN 0 393 01610 2 OCLC 8532897 Miller Joseph H October 23 1966 Shapp Denies Rumors He Had Psychiatric Treatment in 1965 The Philadelphia Inquirer Retrieved July 27 2021 The Radio Factor with Bill O Reilly February 13 2006 Smerconish Michael July 13 2006 Meet the New Boss Same as the Old Boss Philadelphia Daily News INQUIRER STAFF WRITER Troy Graham Inquirer s pick comes with a dissent Philadelphia Inquirer The PA October 19 2008 A09 NewsBank Access World News https infoweb newsbank com apps news document view p AWNB amp docref news 1244165C12619CB8 Who s for Whom Time November 8 1976 Archived from the original on February 20 2011 Barsamian David Herman Edward S July 14 1993 Beyond Hypocrisy Decoding the News Archived from the original on May 5 2006 Retrieved July 9 2006 Muslims Protest Philadelphia Newspaper s Publishing of Cartoon Associated Press February 13 2006 Archived from the original on April 14 2013 Dilanian Ken May 24 2006 Frequent critic of media takes newspapers helm The Philadelphia Inquirer Van Allen Peter April 3 2012 Reaction to the latest sale of daily newspapers Philadelphia Business Journal Retrieved July 18 2012 Philadelphia Inquirer About US Philadelphia Inquirer Inquirer Diversity and Inclusion Audit Report pdf Google Docs Retrieved February 13 2021 A Philadelphia Inquirer headline sparked outrage and a newsroom audit Here s what it found Poynter February 12 2021 Retrieved February 13 2021 Census profile Philadelphia Camden Wilmington PA NJ DE MD Metro Area https statisticalatlas com metro area Pennsylvania Philadelphia Race and Ethnicity bare URL Correa Anna Orso Jesenia De Moya Inquirer has overwhelmingly white newsroom and its coverage underrepresents people of color report says Philadelphia Inquirer Retrieved February 13 2021 Fernandez Bob NewsGuild Inquirer agree to tentative labor pact with first across the board raise in years The Philadelphia Inquirer Retrieved February 28 2021 Inquirer cba ratified The NewsGuild of Greater Philadelphia www local 10 com Retrieved February 28 2021 Reyes Andrew Maykuth Juliana Feliciano Philadelphia Inquirer to sell printing facility lay off 500 plant employees in bid for long term economic stability The Philadelphia Inquirer Retrieved February 13 2021 Orso Anna Former New Yorker executive Lisa Hughes named Philadelphia Inquirer s first female publisher The Philadelphia Inquirer Retrieved February 13 2021 About The Inquirer The Philadelphia Inquirer Retrieved July 2 2020 Philadelphia Inquirer newsroom staff The Philadelphia Inquirer Retrieved February 13 2021 Phl17 Station History PHL17 Retrieved July 18 2012 Blackwell Eva August 1 2005 NBC 10 And Inquirer Announce News Partnership NBC10 com Archived from the original on September 30 2007 Albiniak Paige November 19 2006 WCAU Remakes Evening News Broadcasting amp Cable Retrieved July 18 2012 Search The Philadelphia Inquirer The Pulitzer Prizes Columbia University Retrieved January 1 2021 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to The Philadelphia Inquirer The Philadelphia Inquirer Online 1860 1963 Archives of Inquirer via Fultonhistory com Portals Philadelphia Pennsylvania Journalism Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title The Philadelphia Inquirer amp oldid 1091577988, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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