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A therapy or medical treatment (often abbreviated tx, Tx, or Tx) is the attempted remediation of a health problem, usually following a medical diagnosis.

Therapy
Children undergoing therapy (polio).
MeSHD013812

As a rule, each therapy has indications and contraindications. There are many different types of therapy. Not all therapies are effective. Many therapies can produce unwanted adverse effects.

Medical treatment and therapy are generally considered synonyms. However, in the context of mental health, the term therapy may refer specifically to psychotherapy.

Contents

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.(July 2021)

The words care, therapy, treatment, and intervention overlap in a semantic field, and thus they can be synonymous depending on context. Moving rightward through that order, the connotative level of holism decreases and the level of specificity (to concrete instances) increases. Thus, in health care contexts (where its senses are always noncount), the word care tends to imply a broad idea of everything done to protect or improve someone's health (for example, as in the terms preventive care and primary care, which connote ongoing action), although it sometimes implies a narrower idea (for example, in the simplest cases of wound care or postanesthesia care, a few particular steps are sufficient, and the patient's interaction with that provider is soon finished). In contrast, the word intervention tends to be specific and concrete, and thus the word is often countable; for example, one instance of cardiac catheterization is one intervention performed, and coronary care (noncount) can require a series of interventions (count). At the extreme, the piling on of such countable interventions amounts to interventionism, a flawed model of care lacking holistic circumspection—merely treating discrete problems (in billable increments) rather than maintaining health. Therapy and treatment, in the middle of the semantic field, can connote either the holism of care or the discreteness of intervention, with context conveying the intent in each use. Accordingly, they can be used in both noncount and count senses (for example, therapy for chronic kidney disease can involve several dialysis treatments per week).

The words aceology and iamatology are obscure and obsolete synonyms referring to the study of therapies.

The English word therapy comes via Latin therapīa from Greek:θεραπεία and literally means "curing" or "healing".

By chronology, priority, or intensity

Levels of care

Levels of care classify health care into categories of chronology, priority, or intensity, as follows:

  • Emergency care handles medical emergencies and is a first point of contact or intake for less serious problems, which can be referred to other levels of care as appropriate.
  • Intensive care, also called critical care, is care for extremely ill or injured patients. It thus requires high resource intensity, knowledge, and skill, as well as quick decision making.
  • Ambulatory care is care provided on an outpatient basis. Typically patients can walk into and out of the clinic under their own power (hence "ambulatory"), usually on the same day.
  • Home care is care at home, including care from providers (such as physicians, nurses, and home health aides) making house calls, care from caregivers such as family members, and patient self-care.
  • Primary care is meant to be the main kind of care in general, and ideally a medical home that unifies care across referred providers.
  • Secondary care is care provided by medical specialists and other health professionals who generally do not have first contact with patients, for example, cardiologists, urologists and dermatologists. A patient reaches secondary care as a next step from primary care, typically by provider referral although sometimes by patient self-initiative.
  • Tertiary care is specialized consultative care, usually for inpatients and on referral from a primary or secondary health professional, in a facility that has personnel and facilities for advanced medical investigation and treatment, such as a tertiary referral hospital.
  • Follow-up care is additional care during or after convalescence. Aftercare is generally synonymous with follow-up care.
  • End-of-life care is care near the end of one's life. It often includes the following:
    • Palliative care is supportive care, most especially (but not necessarily) near the end of life.
    • Hospice care is palliative care very near the end of life when cure is very unlikely. Its main goal is comfort, both physical and mental.

Lines of therapy

Treatment decisions often follow formal or informal algorithmic guidelines. Treatment options can often be ranked or prioritized into lines of therapy: first-line therapy, second-line therapy, third-line therapy, and so on. First-line therapy (sometimes referred to as induction therapy, primary therapy, or front-line therapy) is the first therapy that will be tried. Its priority over other options is usually either: (1) formally recommended on the basis of clinical trial evidence for its best-available combination of efficacy, safety, and tolerability or (2) chosen based on the clinical experience of the physician. If a first-line therapy either fails to resolve the issue or produces intolerable side effects, additional (second-line) therapies may be substituted or added to the treatment regimen, followed by third-line therapies, and so on.

An example of a context in which the formalization of treatment algorithms and the ranking of lines of therapy is very extensive is chemotherapy regimens. Because of the great difficulty in successfully treating some forms of cancer, one line after another may be tried. In oncology the count of therapy lines may reach 10 or even 20.

Often multiple therapies may be tried simultaneously (combination therapy or polytherapy). Thus combination chemotherapy is also called polychemotherapy, whereas chemotherapy with one agent at a time is called single-agent therapy or monotherapy.

Adjuvant therapy is therapy given in addition to the primary, main, or initial treatment, but simultaneously (as opposed to second-line therapy). Neoadjuvant therapy is therapy that is begun before the main therapy. Thus one can consider surgical excision of a tumor as the first-line therapy for a certain type and stage of cancer even though radiotherapy is used before it; the radiotherapy is neoadjuvant (chronologically first but not primary in the sense of the main event). Premedication is conceptually not far from this, but the words are not interchangeable; cytotoxic drugs to put a tumor "on the ropes" before surgery delivers the "knockout punch" are called neoadjuvant chemotherapy, not premedication, whereas things like anesthetics or prophylactic antibiotics before dental surgery are called premedication.

Step therapy or stepladder therapy is a specific type of prioritization by lines of therapy. It is controversial in American health care because unlike conventional decision-making about what constitutes first-line, second-line, and third-line therapy, which in the U.S. reflects safety and efficacy first and cost only according to the patient's wishes, step therapy attempts to mix cost containment by someone other than the patient (third-party payers) into the algorithm. Therapy freedom and the negotiation between individual and group rights are involved.

By intent

Therapy type Description
abortive therapy A therapy that is intended to stop a medical condition from progressing any further. A medication taken at the earliest signs of a disease, such as an analgesic taken at the very first symptoms of a migraine headache to prevent it from getting worse, is an abortive therapy. Compare abortifacients, which abort a pregnancy.
bridge therapy A therapy that figuratively provides a bridge to another step or phase, crossing over some immediate chasm (challenge), in contrast with destination therapy, which is the final therapy in cases where clinically appropriate.
consolidation therapy A therapy given to consolidate the gains from induction therapy. In cancer, this means chasing after any malignant cells that may be left.
curative therapy A therapy with curative intent, that is, one that seeks to cure the root cause of a disorder. (also called etiotropic therapy)
definitive therapy A therapy that may be final, superior to others, curative, or all of those.
destination therapy A therapy that is the final destination rather than a bridge to another therapy. Usually refers to ventricular assist devices to keep the existing heart going, not just until heart transplantation can occur, but for the rest of the patient's life expectancy.
empiric therapy A therapy given on an empiric basis; that is, one given according to a clinician's educated guess despite uncertainty about the illness's causative factors. For example, empiric antibiotic therapy administers a broad-spectrum antibiotic immediately on the basis of a good chance (given the history, physical examination findings, and risk factors present) that the illness is bacterial and will respond to that drug (even though the bacterial species or variant is not yet known).
gold standard therapy A therapy that is definitive, just as a gold standard diagnostic test is a definitive test.
investigational therapy An experimental therapy. Use of experimental therapies must be ethically justified, because by definition they raise the question of standard of care. Physicians have autonomy to provide empirical care (such as off-label care) according to their experience and clinical judgment, but the autonomy has limits that preclude quackery. Thus it may be necessary to design a clinical trial around the new therapy and to use the therapy only per a formal protocol. Sometimes shorthand phrases such as "treated on protocol" imply not just "treated according to a plan" but specifically "treated with investigational therapy".
maintenance therapy A therapy taken during disease remission to prevent relapse.
palliative therapy See supportive therapy for connotative distinctions.
preventive therapy
(prophylactic therapy)
A therapy that is intended to prevent a medical condition from occurring (also called prophylaxis). For example, many vaccines prevent infectious diseases.
salvage therapy (rescue therapy) A therapy tried after others have failed; it may be a "last-line" therapy.
stepdown therapy Therapy that tapers the dosage gradually rather than abruptly cutting it off. For example, a switch from intravenous to oral antibiotics as an infection is brought under control steps down the intensity of therapy.
supportive therapy A therapy that does not treat or improve the underlying condition, but rather increases the patient's comfort, also called symptomatic treatment (see there for more information). For example, supportive care for flu, colds, or gastrointestinal upset can include rest, fluids, and over the counter pain relievers; those things don't treat the cause, but they treat the symptoms and thus provide relief. Supportive therapy may be palliative therapy (palliative care). The two terms are sometimes synonymous, but palliative care often specifically refers to serious illness and end-of-life care. Therapy may be categorized as having curative intent (when it is possible to eliminate the disease) or palliative intent (when eliminating the disease is impossible and the focus shifts to minimizing the distress that it causes). The two are often contradistinguished (mutually exclusive) in some contexts (such as the management of some cancers), but they are not inherently mutually exclusive; often therapy can be both curative and palliative simultaneously. Supportive psychotherapy aims to support the patient by alleviating the worst of the symptoms, with the expectation that definitive therapy can follow later if possible.
systemic therapy A therapy that is systemic. In the physiological sense, this means affecting the whole body (rather than being local or locoregional), whether via systemic administration, systemic effect, or both. Systemic therapy in the psychotherapeutic sense seeks to address people not only on the individual level but also as people in relationships, dealing with the interactions of groups.

By therapy composition

Treatments can be classified according to the method of treatment:

By matter

By energy

By procedure and human interaction

By animal interaction

By meditation

By reading

By creativity

By sleeping and waking

  1. Online Etymology Dictionary, Therapy
  2. National Cancer Institute > Dictionary of Cancer Terms > first-line therapy Retrieved July 2010
  3. "CFIDS". CFIDS. Archived from the original on 2012-02-13. Retrieved2012-01-09.
  4. Schwartz, Jeremy. "5 Reasons to Consider Group Therapy". US News & World Report. Archived from the original on 22 July 2017. Retrieved12 April 2021.
  5. Shorter, Edward (January 1996). "The beginning of psychopharmacology: Deep-sleep therapies". European Psychiatry. 11: 236s. doi:10.1016/0924-9338(96)88707-4. S2CID 144323687.
  6. Minkel, Jared D.; Krystal, Andrew D.; Benca, Ruth M. (2017). "Unipolar Major Depression". In Kryger, Meir; Roth, Thomas; Dement, William C. (eds.). Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine (6th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier. pp. 1352–1362. ISBN 978-0-323-24288-2. Retrieved12 May 2021.

Therapy Article Talk Language Watch Edit For other uses see Therapy disambiguation This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Therapy news newspapers books scholar JSTOR September 2018 Learn how and when to remove this template message A therapy or medical treatment often abbreviated tx Tx or Tx is the attempted remediation of a health problem usually following a medical diagnosis TherapyChildren undergoing therapy polio MeSHD013812 edit on Wikidata As a rule each therapy has indications and contraindications There are many different types of therapy Not all therapies are effective Many therapies can produce unwanted adverse effects Medical treatment and therapy are generally considered synonyms However in the context of mental health the term therapy may refer specifically to psychotherapy Contents 1 History 2 Semantic field 3 Types of therapies 3 1 By chronology priority or intensity 3 1 1 Levels of care 3 1 2 Lines of therapy 3 2 By intent 3 3 By therapy composition 3 3 1 By matter 3 3 2 By energy 3 3 3 By procedure and human interaction 3 3 4 By animal interaction 3 3 5 By meditation 3 3 6 By reading 3 3 7 By creativity 3 3 8 By sleeping and waking 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksHistory EditThis section needs expansion You can help by adding to it July 2021 Semantic field EditThe words care therapy treatment and intervention overlap in a semantic field and thus they can be synonymous depending on context Moving rightward through that order the connotative level of holism decreases and the level of specificity to concrete instances increases Thus in health care contexts where its senses are always noncount the word care tends to imply a broad idea of everything done to protect or improve someone s health for example as in the terms preventive care and primary care which connote ongoing action although it sometimes implies a narrower idea for example in the simplest cases of wound care or postanesthesia care a few particular steps are sufficient and the patient s interaction with that provider is soon finished In contrast the word intervention tends to be specific and concrete and thus the word is often countable for example one instance of cardiac catheterization is one intervention performed and coronary care noncount can require a series of interventions count At the extreme the piling on of such countable interventions amounts to interventionism a flawed model of care lacking holistic circumspection merely treating discrete problems in billable increments rather than maintaining health Therapy and treatment in the middle of the semantic field can connote either the holism of care or the discreteness of intervention with context conveying the intent in each use Accordingly they can be used in both noncount and count senses for example therapy for chronic kidney disease can involve several dialysis treatments per week The words aceology and iamatology are obscure and obsolete synonyms referring to the study of therapies The English word therapy comes via Latin therapia from Greek 8erapeia and literally means curing or healing 1 Types of therapies EditSee also List of therapies By chronology priority or intensity Edit Levels of care Edit Levels of care classify health care into categories of chronology priority or intensity as follows Emergency care handles medical emergencies and is a first point of contact or intake for less serious problems which can be referred to other levels of care as appropriate Intensive care also called critical care is care for extremely ill or injured patients It thus requires high resource intensity knowledge and skill as well as quick decision making Ambulatory care is care provided on an outpatient basis Typically patients can walk into and out of the clinic under their own power hence ambulatory usually on the same day Home care is care at home including care from providers such as physicians nurses and home health aides making house calls care from caregivers such as family members and patient self care Primary care is meant to be the main kind of care in general and ideally a medical home that unifies care across referred providers Secondary care is care provided by medical specialists and other health professionals who generally do not have first contact with patients for example cardiologists urologists and dermatologists A patient reaches secondary care as a next step from primary care typically by provider referral although sometimes by patient self initiative Tertiary care is specialized consultative care usually for inpatients and on referral from a primary or secondary health professional in a facility that has personnel and facilities for advanced medical investigation and treatment such as a tertiary referral hospital Follow up care is additional care during or after convalescence Aftercare is generally synonymous with follow up care End of life care is care near the end of one s life It often includes the following Palliative care is supportive care most especially but not necessarily near the end of life Hospice care is palliative care very near the end of life when cure is very unlikely Its main goal is comfort both physical and mental Lines of therapy Edit Treatment decisions often follow formal or informal algorithmic guidelines Treatment options can often be ranked or prioritized into lines of therapy first line therapy second line therapy third line therapy and so on First line therapy sometimes referred to as induction therapy primary therapy or front line therapy 2 is the first therapy that will be tried Its priority over other options is usually either 1 formally recommended on the basis of clinical trial evidence for its best available combination of efficacy safety and tolerability or 2 chosen based on the clinical experience of the physician If a first line therapy either fails to resolve the issue or produces intolerable side effects additional second line therapies may be substituted or added to the treatment regimen followed by third line therapies and so on An example of a context in which the formalization of treatment algorithms and the ranking of lines of therapy is very extensive is chemotherapy regimens Because of the great difficulty in successfully treating some forms of cancer one line after another may be tried In oncology the count of therapy lines may reach 10 or even 20 Often multiple therapies may be tried simultaneously combination therapy or polytherapy Thus combination chemotherapy is also called polychemotherapy whereas chemotherapy with one agent at a time is called single agent therapy or monotherapy Adjuvant therapy is therapy given in addition to the primary main or initial treatment but simultaneously as opposed to second line therapy Neoadjuvant therapy is therapy that is begun before the main therapy Thus one can consider surgical excision of a tumor as the first line therapy for a certain type and stage of cancer even though radiotherapy is used before it the radiotherapy is neoadjuvant chronologically first but not primary in the sense of the main event Premedication is conceptually not far from this but the words are not interchangeable cytotoxic drugs to put a tumor on the ropes before surgery delivers the knockout punch are called neoadjuvant chemotherapy not premedication whereas things like anesthetics or prophylactic antibiotics before dental surgery are called premedication Step therapy or stepladder therapy is a specific type of prioritization by lines of therapy It is controversial in American health care because unlike conventional decision making about what constitutes first line second line and third line therapy which in the U S reflects safety and efficacy first and cost only according to the patient s wishes step therapy attempts to mix cost containment by someone other than the patient third party payers into the algorithm Therapy freedom and the negotiation between individual and group rights are involved By intent Edit Therapy type Descriptionabortive therapy A therapy that is intended to stop a medical condition from progressing any further A medication taken at the earliest signs of a disease such as an analgesic taken at the very first symptoms of a migraine headache to prevent it from getting worse is an abortive therapy Compare abortifacients which abort a pregnancy bridge therapy A therapy that figuratively provides a bridge to another step or phase crossing over some immediate chasm challenge in contrast with destination therapy which is the final therapy in cases where clinically appropriate consolidation therapy A therapy given to consolidate the gains from induction therapy In cancer this means chasing after any malignant cells that may be left curative therapy A therapy with curative intent that is one that seeks to cure the root cause of a disorder also called etiotropic therapy definitive therapy A therapy that may be final superior to others curative or all of those destination therapy A therapy that is the final destination rather than a bridge to another therapy Usually refers to ventricular assist devices to keep the existing heart going not just until heart transplantation can occur but for the rest of the patient s life expectancy empiric therapy A therapy given on an empiric basis that is one given according to a clinician s educated guess despite uncertainty about the illness s causative factors For example empiric antibiotic therapy administers a broad spectrum antibiotic immediately on the basis of a good chance given the history physical examination findings and risk factors present that the illness is bacterial and will respond to that drug even though the bacterial species or variant is not yet known gold standard therapy A therapy that is definitive just as a gold standard diagnostic test is a definitive test investigational therapy An experimental therapy Use of experimental therapies must be ethically justified because by definition they raise the question of standard of care Physicians have autonomy to provide empirical care such as off label care according to their experience and clinical judgment but the autonomy has limits that preclude quackery Thus it may be necessary to design a clinical trial around the new therapy and to use the therapy only per a formal protocol Sometimes shorthand phrases such as treated on protocol imply not just treated according to a plan but specifically treated with investigational therapy maintenance therapy A therapy taken during disease remission to prevent relapse palliative therapy See supportive therapy for connotative distinctions preventive therapy prophylactic therapy A therapy that is intended to prevent a medical condition from occurring also called prophylaxis For example many vaccines prevent infectious diseases salvage therapy rescue therapy A therapy tried after others have failed it may be a last line therapy stepdown therapy Therapy that tapers the dosage gradually rather than abruptly cutting it off For example a switch from intravenous to oral antibiotics as an infection is brought under control steps down the intensity of therapy supportive therapy A therapy that does not treat or improve the underlying condition but rather increases the patient s comfort also called symptomatic treatment see there for more information 3 For example supportive care for flu colds or gastrointestinal upset can include rest fluids and over the counter pain relievers those things don t treat the cause but they treat the symptoms and thus provide relief Supportive therapy may be palliative therapy palliative care The two terms are sometimes synonymous but palliative care often specifically refers to serious illness and end of life care Therapy may be categorized as having curative intent when it is possible to eliminate the disease or palliative intent when eliminating the disease is impossible and the focus shifts to minimizing the distress that it causes The two are often contradistinguished mutually exclusive in some contexts such as the management of some cancers but they are not inherently mutually exclusive often therapy can be both curative and palliative simultaneously Supportive psychotherapy aims to support the patient by alleviating the worst of the symptoms with the expectation that definitive therapy can follow later if possible systemic therapy A therapy that is systemic In the physiological sense this means affecting the whole body rather than being local or locoregional whether via systemic administration systemic effect or both Systemic therapy in the psychotherapeutic sense seeks to address people not only on the individual level but also as people in relationships dealing with the interactions of groups By therapy composition Edit Treatments can be classified according to the method of treatment By matter Edit by drugs pharmacotherapy chemotherapy also medical therapy often means specifically pharmacotherapy by medical devices implantation cardiac resynchronization therapy by specific molecules molecular therapy although most drugs are specific molecules molecular medicine refers in particular to medicine relying on molecular biology by specific biomolecular targets targeted therapy molecular chaperone therapy by chelation chelation therapy by specific chemical elements by metals by heavy metals by gold chrysotherapy aurotherapy by platinum containing drugs platin therapy by biometals by lithium lithium therapy by potassium potassium supplementation by magnesium magnesium supplementation by chromium chromium supplementation phonemic neurological hypochromium therapy by copper copper supplementation by nonmetals by diatomic oxygen oxygen therapy hyperbaric oxygen therapy hyperbaric medicine transdermal continuous oxygen therapy by triatomic oxygen ozone ozone therapy by fluoride fluoride therapy by other gases medical gas therapy by water hydrotherapy aquatic therapy rehydration therapy oral rehydration therapy water cure therapy by biological materials biogenic substances biomolecules biotic materials natural products including their synthetic equivalents biotherapy by whole organisms by viruses virotherapy by bacteriophages phage therapy by animal interaction see animal interaction section by constituents or products of organisms by plant parts or extracts but many drugs are derived from plants even when the term phytotherapy is not used scientific type phytotherapy traditional prescientific type herbalism by animal parts quackery involving shark fins tiger parts and so on often driving threat or endangerment of species by genes gene therapy gene therapy for epilepsy gene therapy for osteoarthritis gene therapy for color blindness gene therapy of the human retina gene therapy in Parkinson s disease by epigenetics epigenetic therapy by proteins protein therapy but many drugs are proteins despite not being called protein therapy by enzymes enzyme replacement therapy by hormones hormone therapy hormonal therapy oncology hormone replacement therapy estrogen replacement therapy androgen replacement therapy hormone replacement therapy menopause transgender hormone therapy feminizing hormone therapy masculinizing hormone therapy antihormone therapy androgen deprivation therapy by whole cells cell therapy cytotherapy by stem cells stem cell therapy by immune cells see immune system products below by immune system products immunotherapy host modulatory therapy by immune cells T cell vaccination cell transfer therapy autologous immune enhancement therapy TK cell therapy by humoral immune factors antibody therapy by whole serum serotherapy including antiserum therapy by immunoglobulins immunoglobulin therapy by monoclonal antibodies monoclonal antibody therapy by urine urine therapy some scientific forms many prescientific or pseudoscientific forms by food and dietary choices medical nutrition therapy grape therapy quackery by salts but many drugs are the salts of organic acids even when drug therapy is not called by names reflecting that by salts in the air by natural dry salt air taking the cure in desert locales especially common in prescientific medicine for example one 19th century way to treat tuberculosis by artificial dry salt air low humidity forms of speleotherapy negative air ionization therapy by moist salt air by natural moist salt air seaside cure especially common in prescientific medicine by artificial moist salt air water vapor forms of speleotherapy by salts in the water by mineral water spa cure taking the waters especially common in prescientific medicine by seawater seaside cure especially common in prescientific medicine by aroma aromatherapy by other materials with mechanism of action unknown by occlusion with duct tape duct tape occlusion therapyBy energy Edit by electric energy as electric current electrotherapy electroconvulsive therapy Transcranial magnetic stimulation Vagus nerve stimulation by magnetic energy magnet therapy pulsed electromagnetic field therapy magnetic resonance therapy by electromagnetic radiation EMR by light light therapy phototherapy ultraviolet light therapy PUVA therapy photodynamic therapy photothermal therapy cytoluminescent therapy blood irradiation therapy by darkness dark therapy by lasers laser therapy low level laser therapy by gamma rays radiosurgery Gamma Knife radiosurgery stereotactic radiation therapy cobalt therapy by radiation generally radiation therapy radiotherapy intraoperative radiation therapy by EMR particles particle therapy proton therapy electron therapy intraoperative electron radiation therapy Auger therapy neutron therapy fast neutron therapy neutron capture therapy of cancer by radioisotopes emitting EMR by nuclear medicine by brachytherapy quackery type electromagnetic therapy alternative medicine by mechanical manual therapy as massotherapy and therapy by exercise as in physical therapy inversion therapy by sound by ultrasound ultrasonic lithotripsy extracorporeal shockwave therapy sonodynamic therapy by music music therapy by temperature by heat heat therapy thermotherapy by moderately elevated ambient temperatures hyperthermia therapy by dry warm surroundings Waon therapy by dry or humid warm surroundings sauna including infrared sauna for sweat therapy by cold by extreme cold to specific tissue volumes cryotherapy by ice and compression cold compression therapy by ambient cold hypothermia therapy for neonatal encephalopathy by hot and cold alternation contrast bath therapyBy procedure and human interaction Edit Surgery by counseling such as psychotherapy see also list of psychotherapies systemic therapy by group psychotherapy 4 by cognitive behavioral therapy by cognitive therapy by behaviour therapy by dialectical behavior therapy by cognitive emotional behavioral therapy by cognitive rehabilitation therapy by family therapy by education by psychoeducation by information therapy by physical therapy occupational therapy vision therapy massage therapy chiropractic or acupuncture by lifestyle modifications such as avoiding unhealthy food or maintaining a predictable sleep schedule by coachingBy animal interaction Edit by pets assistance animals or working animals animal assisted therapy by horses equine therapy hippotherapy by dogs pet therapy with therapy dogs including grief therapy dogs by cats pet therapy with therapy cats by fish ichthyotherapy wading with fish aquarium therapy watching fish by maggots maggot therapy by worms by internal worms helminthic therapy by leeches leech therapy by immersion animal bathBy meditation Edit by mindfulness mindfulness based cognitive therapyBy reading Edit by bibliotherapyBy creativity Edit by expression expressive therapy by writing writing therapy journal therapy by play play therapy by art art therapy sensory art therapy comic book therapy by gardening horticultural therapy by dance dance therapy by drama drama therapy by recreation recreational therapy by music music therapyBy sleeping and waking Edit by deep sleep deep sleep therapy 5 by sleep deprivation wake therapy 6 See also EditBiophilia hypothesis Classification of Pharmaco Therapeutic Referrals Cure Interventionism medicine Inverse benefit law List of therapies Greyhound therapy Mature minor doctrine Medicine Medication Nutraceutical Prevention Psychotherapy Treatment as prevention Therapeutic inertia Therapeutic nihilism the idea that treatment is uselessReferences Edit Online Etymology Dictionary Therapy National Cancer Institute gt Dictionary of Cancer Terms gt first line therapy Retrieved July 2010 CFIDS CFIDS Archived from the original on 2012 02 13 Retrieved 2012 01 09 Schwartz Jeremy 5 Reasons to Consider Group Therapy US News amp World Report Archived from the original on 22 July 2017 Retrieved 12 April 2021 Shorter Edward January 1996 The beginning of psychopharmacology Deep sleep therapies European Psychiatry 11 236s doi 10 1016 0924 9338 96 88707 4 S2CID 144323687 Minkel Jared D Krystal Andrew D Benca Ruth M 2017 Unipolar Major Depression In Kryger Meir Roth Thomas Dement William C eds Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine 6th ed Philadelphia PA Elsevier pp 1352 1362 ISBN 978 0 323 24288 2 Retrieved 12 May 2021 External links Edit Media related to Therapies at Wikimedia Commons The dictionary definition of therapy at Wiktionary Chapter Nine of the Book of Medicine Dedicated to Mansur with the Commentary of Sillanus de Nigris is a Latin book by Rhazes from 1483 that is known for its ninth chapter which is about therapeutics Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Therapy amp oldid 1093592149, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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