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The Thermaic Gulf (Greek:Θερμαϊκός Κόλπος), also called the Gulf of Salonika and the Macedonian Gulf, is a gulf constituting the northwest corner of the Aegean Sea. The city of Thessaloniki is at its northeastern tip, and it is bounded by Pieria and Imathia on the west and the Chalkidiki peninsula on the east, with Cape Kassandra at the southeasternmost corner. It is named after the ancient town of Therma, modern Thessaloniki. It is about 100 km (62 mi) long.

Thermaic Gulf
View of Thermaic Gulf from Peraia, Thessaloniki
Thermaic Gulf
Location of the Thermaic Gulf within Greece
LocationCentral Macedonia
Coordinates40°15′N22°50′E /40.250°N 22.833°E /40.250; 22.833Coordinates: 40°15′N22°50′E /40.250°N 22.833°E /40.250; 22.833
TypeGulf
EtymologyGulf of Therma
Part ofAegean Sea
River sourcesGallikos, Haliacmon, Loudias, Vardar (Axios)
Basin countriesGreece, North Macedonia

By narrower definitions, the Thermaic Gulf is bounded on the west by the line from the mouth of the Vardar or Axios to Cape Megalo Embolo, making it about 15 km (9.3 mi) long; while the smaller Gulf of Salonica is bounded by a line running from the mouth of the Gallikos to Mikro Emvolo.

Satellite picture

To the Romans, the gulf was also known as Thermaicus or Thermaeus sinus ("Gulf of Therma") and as Macedonicus sinus ("The Gulf of Macedon", or "The Macedonian Gulf"). One of its modern names is the "Gulf of Salonica", named after the city of Thessaloniki which sprawls around and along the northeastern coast of the gulf.

Places that lie on the gulf include Sani, Kassandreia, ancient Potidaea, Nea Moudania, Agia Triada, Neoi Epivates, Peraia, Kalochori, Methoni, Pydna, Paralia Katerinis and Olympiaki Akti. The rivers emptying into the gulf are the Pineios, Aliakmon, Loudias, Gallikos and Axios/Vardar; several streams including one near Pydna also empty into the gulf. The Thermaic Gulf was significantly larger in classical times, with many ancient seaside cities (e.g. Pella) are now found several kilometers inland. The extensive silting mainly affects the northern and western parts of the gulf, which receive the bulk of alluvial outflow. The gulf is home to many famous, pristine beaches, which include Sani Beach. However, there are no beaches on the northwest coast, where wetlands stretch from Methone (northwest coast) to Thessaloniki's western suburb of Kalochori.

The Port of Thessaloniki is the gulf's largest and busiest port, while another twelve small ports provide sea transport in, out and around the Thermaic gulf. Major road networks of northern Greece such as the A1/E75 motorway (Athens - Thessaloniki) encircles the western portion of the gulf, while the A25 (Thessaloniki - Nea Moudania motorway) almost encircles the eastern part of it.

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  1. Malamut Elisabeth, Grélois Jean-Pierre, "Le port de Thessalonique (IVe-XVIe siècles)", Actes des congrès de la Société des historiens médiévistes de l'enseignement supérieur public 35:131-147, La Rochelle, 2004. "Ports maritimes et ports fluviaux au Moyen Age." doi:10.3406/shmes.2004.1875 full text


Thermaic Gulf Article Talk Language Watch Edit This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Thermaic Gulf news newspapers books scholar JSTOR July 2019 Learn how and when to remove this template message The Thermaic Gulf Greek 8ermaikos Kolpos also called the Gulf of Salonika and the Macedonian Gulf is a gulf constituting the northwest corner of the Aegean Sea The city of Thessaloniki is at its northeastern tip and it is bounded by Pieria and Imathia on the west and the Chalkidiki peninsula on the east with Cape Kassandra at the southeasternmost corner It is named after the ancient town of Therma modern Thessaloniki It is about 100 km 62 mi long Thermaic GulfView of Thermaic Gulf from Peraia ThessalonikiThermaic GulfLocation of the Thermaic Gulf within GreeceLocationCentral MacedoniaCoordinates40 15 N 22 50 E 40 250 N 22 833 E 40 250 22 833 Coordinates 40 15 N 22 50 E 40 250 N 22 833 E 40 250 22 833TypeGulfEtymologyGulf of ThermaPart ofAegean SeaRiver sourcesGallikos Haliacmon Loudias Vardar Axios Basin countriesGreece North Macedonia By narrower definitions the Thermaic Gulf is bounded on the west by the line from the mouth of the Vardar or Axios to Cape Megalo Embolo making it about 15 km 9 3 mi long while the smaller Gulf of Salonica is bounded by a line running from the mouth of the Gallikos to Mikro Emvolo 1 Satellite picture To the Romans the gulf was also known as Thermaicus or Thermaeus sinus Gulf of Therma and as Macedonicus sinus The Gulf of Macedon or The Macedonian Gulf One of its modern names is the Gulf of Salonica named after the city of Thessaloniki which sprawls around and along the northeastern coast of the gulf Places that lie on the gulf include Sani Kassandreia ancient Potidaea Nea Moudania Agia Triada Neoi Epivates Peraia Kalochori Methoni Pydna Paralia Katerinis and Olympiaki Akti The rivers emptying into the gulf are the Pineios Aliakmon Loudias Gallikos and Axios Vardar several streams including one near Pydna also empty into the gulf The Thermaic Gulf was significantly larger in classical times with many ancient seaside cities e g Pella are now found several kilometers inland The extensive silting mainly affects the northern and western parts of the gulf which receive the bulk of alluvial outflow The gulf is home to many famous pristine beaches which include Sani Beach However there are no beaches on the northwest coast where wetlands stretch from Methone northwest coast to Thessaloniki s western suburb of Kalochori The Port of Thessaloniki is the gulf s largest and busiest port while another twelve small ports provide sea transport in out and around the Thermaic gulf Major road networks of northern Greece such as the A1 E75 motorway Athens Thessaloniki encircles the western portion of the gulf while the A25 Thessaloniki Nea Moudania motorway almost encircles the eastern part of it References EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Thermaic Gulf Malamut Elisabeth Grelois Jean Pierre Le port de Thessalonique IVe XVIe siecles Actes des congres de la Societe des historiens medievistes de l enseignement superieur public 35 131 147 La Rochelle 2004 Ports maritimes et ports fluviaux au Moyen Age doi 10 3406 shmes 2004 1875 full text This Greece location article is a stub You can help Wikipedia by expanding it vte This article about a specific oceanic location or ocean current is a stub You can help Wikipedia by expanding it vte Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Thermaic Gulf amp oldid 1046172639, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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