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The Thessaloniki metropolitan area or larger urban zone (LUZ) is the complete area covered and directly influenced by Thessaloniki. The metropolitan area traditionally consisted of the municipality of Thessaloniki and its immediate surroundings, what is today referred to as the Thessaloniki urban area. However, since the mid to late 1990s, the areas surrounding the urban area, have succumbed to urban sprawl and what used to be agrarian communities are rapidly urbanizing and being developed into suburbs or exurbs. This is creating new problems for a region already facing issues such as pollution, traffic congestion and social ills.

Thessaloniki's urban and metropolitan areas as of 2011

Thessalonians usually refer to 6 municipalities and 1 municipal unit as the "City of Thessaloniki" (or the Thessaloniki urban area); this is the contiguous densely built-up urban area of the city. However, the metropolitan area also includes the city's immediate surroundings, adjacent zone of influence and its low to medium density suburbs that surround the densely built-up urban area.

Thessaloniki spreads over 30 kilometres (19 mi) from Oraiokastro in the north to Thermi in the south.

Contents

The municipalities that have been historically associated with the Thessaloniki metropolitan area (and are part of the current Thessaloniki urban area), in descending order of population are Thessaloniki, Kalamaria, Neapoli-Sykies, Pavlos Melas, Kordelio-Evosmos, Ampelokipoi-Menemeni and the municipality of Pylaia.

However, with urban sprawl, more municipalities are being interconnected with the growing region. The region now consists of all the traditional areas noted above as well as the newly emerging suburbs and exurbs to the northwest, north, east and southeast of the city. Also, the industrial areas to the west are becoming more interwoven with the fabric of the city as new infrastructure encroaches on these areas.

Two old suburbs that are increasingly coalescing into the urban area, due to its expansion and the creation of new transportation networks, are those of Oraiokastro and Panorama. While Oraiokastro has traditionally been a middle class suburb, Panorama has been a more upscale suburb and is considered as the city's most exclusive.

The main eastern and southeastern suburbs include the municipal units of Thermaikos, Thermi, Chortiatis, Mikra, Michaniona, Vasilika and Epanomi; while the main western suburbs include the municipal units of Echedoros and Chalastra.

The municipalities to the west of Thessaloniki are increasingly becoming home to new immigrants and are predominantly working class areas. The newly emerging suburbs to the east are where the vast majority of the middle class residents are moving to. Many of these suburbs are seeing rapid growth and development and infrastructure is not keeping pace.

Population

By far the largest municipality in the metropolitan area is the municipality of Thessaloniki (the city center).

A census carried out by Eurostat in 2004 has revealed an increased population for the metropolitan area or Larger Urban Zone (LUZ) of Thessaloniki of an estimated 995,766 residents (2004), while calculating its real area to be 1,455.62 square kilometres (562.02 sq mi). The 2011 Greek census revealed that Thessaloniki's metropolitan area has a population slightly larger than 1.000.000 residents.

The table below lists the municipalities/suburbs of the Thessaloniki metropolitan area, among those of the city's urban area in italics. Population data from the Greek 2011 Census.

Table source: National Statistical Service of Greece

Municipality Population (2011) Area in km2
Thessaloniki 325,182 19.292
Kordelio-Evosmos 101,753 13.358
Pavlos Melas 99,245 23.763
Kalamaria 91,518 6.401
Neapoli-Sykies 84,741 12.903
Pylaia-Chortiatis 70,110 155.634
Thermi 53,201 382.106
Ampelokipoi-Menemeni 52,127 9.792
Thermaikos 50,264 133.410
Delta 45,839 311.094
Oraiokastro 38,317 217.855
Metropolitan area 1,012,297 1,285.608

A serious problem that particularly suburbs of the Thessaloniki metropolitan area have faced, was the lack of extending and introducing new growth boundaries on time (particularly in the southeast) by the national government, to manage the rapid suburban growth and urban sprawl that started in the 1990s. This allowed many new homes to be built on large blocks of land with no future urban provisions taken into consideration and in areas that were otherwise used for agriculture.

Floor area ratios (FAR) are recommended by the national government to manage growth and have been used to deter landowners from building homes outside the growth boundaries (city/town zones) of each suburb. It is common practice to violate the FARs by building structures that are larger than recommended, with many suburban homes being in direct violation of Greek planning laws.[citation needed] Only recently have actions been taken on by the government to extend the growth boundaries, create new much needed urban layouts and address current issues by introducing new planning laws. However actual implementation of such actions for each municipality is usually expected to be complete in 5 years time, from the time that the government announced it.

  1. "Urban Audit – Data that can be accessed". Urbanaudit.org. Archived from the original on 2011-04-06. Retrieved2010-09-05.
  2. "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  3. Municipalities in italics are part of the urban area
  4. "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)"(PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece.
  5. "73.659 στρέμματα εντάσσονται στο σχέδιο πόλης - Εφημερίδα Μακεδονία της Θεσσαλονίκης". www.makthes.gr. Archived from the original on 2011-04-08.

Coordinates:40°38′N22°57′E /40.633°N 22.950°E /40.633; 22.950

Thessaloniki metropolitan area Article Talk Language Watch Edit The Thessaloniki metropolitan area or larger urban zone LUZ is the complete area covered and directly influenced by Thessaloniki The metropolitan area traditionally consisted of the municipality of Thessaloniki and its immediate surroundings what is today referred to as the Thessaloniki urban area However since the mid to late 1990s the areas surrounding the urban area have succumbed to urban sprawl and what used to be agrarian communities are rapidly urbanizing and being developed into suburbs or exurbs This is creating new problems for a region already facing issues such as pollution traffic congestion and social ills Thessaloniki s urban and metropolitan areas as of 2011 Thessalonians usually refer to 6 municipalities and 1 municipal unit as the City of Thessaloniki or the Thessaloniki urban area this is the contiguous densely built up urban area of the city However the metropolitan area also includes the city s immediate surroundings adjacent zone of influence and its low to medium density suburbs that surround the densely built up urban area Thessaloniki spreads over 30 kilometres 19 mi from Oraiokastro in the north to Thermi in the south Contents 1 Geography 2 Demographics 2 1 Population 3 Growth issues 4 References 5 External linksGeography EditThe municipalities that have been historically associated with the Thessaloniki metropolitan area and are part of the current Thessaloniki urban area in descending order of population are Thessaloniki Kalamaria Neapoli Sykies Pavlos Melas Kordelio Evosmos Ampelokipoi Menemeni and the municipality of Pylaia However with urban sprawl more municipalities are being interconnected with the growing region The region now consists of all the traditional areas noted above as well as the newly emerging suburbs and exurbs to the northwest north east and southeast of the city Also the industrial areas to the west are becoming more interwoven with the fabric of the city as new infrastructure encroaches on these areas Two old suburbs that are increasingly coalescing into the urban area due to its expansion and the creation of new transportation networks are those of Oraiokastro and Panorama While Oraiokastro has traditionally been a middle class suburb Panorama has been a more upscale suburb and is considered as the city s most exclusive The main eastern and southeastern suburbs include the municipal units of Thermaikos Thermi Chortiatis Mikra Michaniona Vasilika and Epanomi while the main western suburbs include the municipal units of Echedoros and Chalastra Demographics EditThe municipalities to the west of Thessaloniki are increasingly becoming home to new immigrants and are predominantly working class areas The newly emerging suburbs to the east are where the vast majority of the middle class residents are moving to Many of these suburbs are seeing rapid growth and development and infrastructure is not keeping pace Population Edit By far the largest municipality in the metropolitan area is the municipality of Thessaloniki the city center A census carried out by Eurostat in 2004 has revealed an increased population for the metropolitan area or Larger Urban Zone LUZ of Thessaloniki of an estimated 995 766 residents 2004 while calculating its real area to be 1 455 62 square kilometres 562 02 sq mi 1 The 2011 Greek census revealed that Thessaloniki s metropolitan area has a population slightly larger than 1 000 000 residents The table below lists the municipalities suburbs of the Thessaloniki metropolitan area among those of the city s urban area in italics Population data from the Greek 2011 Census Table source National Statistical Service of Greece 2 Municipality 3 Population 2011 Area in km2 4 Thessaloniki 325 182 19 292Kordelio Evosmos 101 753 13 358Pavlos Melas 99 245 23 763Kalamaria 91 518 6 401Neapoli Sykies 84 741 12 903Pylaia Chortiatis 70 110 155 634Thermi 53 201 382 106Ampelokipoi Menemeni 52 127 9 792Thermaikos 50 264 133 410Delta 45 839 311 094Oraiokastro 38 317 217 855Metropolitan area 1 012 297 1 285 608Growth issues EditA serious problem that particularly suburbs of the Thessaloniki metropolitan area have faced was the lack of extending and introducing new growth boundaries on time particularly in the southeast by the national government to manage the rapid suburban growth and urban sprawl that started in the 1990s This allowed many new homes to be built on large blocks of land with no future urban provisions taken into consideration and in areas that were otherwise used for agriculture Floor area ratios FAR are recommended by the national government to manage growth and have been used to deter landowners from building homes outside the growth boundaries city town zones of each suburb It is common practice to violate the FARs by building structures that are larger than recommended with many suburban homes being in direct violation of Greek planning laws citation needed Only recently have actions been taken on by the government to extend the growth boundaries 5 create new much needed urban layouts and address current issues by introducing new planning laws However actual implementation of such actions for each municipality is usually expected to be complete in 5 years time from the time that the government announced it References Edit Urban Audit Data that can be accessed Urbanaudit org Archived from the original on 2011 04 06 Retrieved 2010 09 05 Apografh Plh8ysmoy Katoikiwn 2011 MONIMOS Plh8ysmos in Greek Hellenic Statistical Authority Municipalities in italics are part of the urban area Population amp housing census 2001 incl area and average elevation PDF in Greek National Statistical Service of Greece 73 659 stremmata entassontai sto sxedio polhs Efhmerida Makedonia ths 8essalonikhs www makthes gr Archived from the original on 2011 04 08 External links EditWikimapia Thessaloniki metropolitan area Coordinates 40 38 N 22 57 E 40 633 N 22 950 E 40 633 22 950 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Thessaloniki metropolitan area amp oldid 1077574349, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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