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This article is about the Greek island. For the font family, see Croscore fonts.
"Tenos" redirects here. For the town of ancient Thessaly, see Tenos (Thessaly).

Tinos (Greek:Τήνος ) is a Greek island situated in the Aegean Sea. It is located in the Cyclades archipelago. In antiquity, Tinos was also known as Ophiussa (from Greek ophis 'snake') and Hydroessa (from Greek hydor 'water'). The closest islands are Andros, Delos, and Mykonos. It has a land area of 194.464 square kilometres (75.083 sq mi) and a 2011 census population of 8,636 inhabitants.

Tinos

Contents

Anciently, the island was called Tenos (Ancient Greek:Τῆνος), and was also called Hydrussa (Ὑδροῦσσα, Ὑδρόεσσα) from the number of its springs, and Ophiussa because it abounded in snakes. The sons of Boreas are said to have been slain in this island by Heracles. In the invasion of Greece by Xerxes I, the Tenians were compelled to serve in the Persian fleet; but a Tenian trireme deserted to the Greeks immediately before the Battle of Salamis (480 BCE), and accordingly the name of the Tenians was inscribed upon the tripod at Delphi in the list of Grecian states which had overthrown the Persians. Pausanias relates that the name of the Tenians was also inscribed on the statue of Zeus at Olympia among the Greeks who had fought at the Battle of Plataea. The Tenians afterwards formed part of the Delian League, and are mentioned among the subject allies of Athens at the time of the Sicilian expedition. They paid a yearly tribute of 3600 drachmae, from which it may be inferred that they enjoyed a considerable share of prosperity. Alexander of Pherae took possession of Tenos for a time; and the island was afterwards granted by Marcus Antonius to the Rhodians.

Map of Tinos by Giacomo Franco (1597)

Following the capture of Constantinople by the Fourth Crusade, Tinos was one of several islands ruled by private Venetian citizens and belonged to Andrea Ghisi, whose heirs held it until 1390 when the last member of the family branch bequeathed both Tinos and Mykonos to Venice. It was ruled by Venice until 1715, when Tinos was captured by the Ottoman Empire (see Ottoman–Venetian War), and became known as İstendil. The Ottomans held Tinos until 1821 when the inhabitants joined in the Greek War of Independence.

The tumult of the period gave rise to an increase in piracy in the region. In 1825 HMS Cambrian was the lead vessel of a small squadron in anti-piracy operations in the Archipelago, at Alexandria, and around the coasts of Syria. On 27 July 1826, Cambrian's boats captured a pirate bombard and burnt a mistico on Tinos. Five pirates were killed and several wounded.

The date of 15 August also commemorates the 1940 sinking in Tinos's harbour of the Greek cruiser Elli, during peacetime, while she rode at anchor, by the Italian submarine Delfino. The Elli was participating in the celebrations of the Feast of the Dormition. One of the three torpedoes fired hit the Elli under the one operating boiler and she caught fire and sank. Nine petty officers and sailors were killed and 24 were wounded. The same submarine attempted to torpedo the passenger ships M/V Elsi and M/V Hesperos anchored in the port. This attempt failed and the torpedoes only damaged a section of the port's wharf.

Satellite image of Tinos
Landscape of the island
The entrance of the church

Tinos has a varied landscape. From the shores of Panormos and Kolimbithra on the North Shore to Kionia, Agios Yannis O Portos, and Agios Sostis on the Southern Shore, Tinos has many beaches. Tsiknias is the highest mountain on the island at 750 metres (2,460 feet) and hides the village of Livada. The mountain of Exobourgo is quite distinct, and unlike its more rounded Cycladic neighbors, has a jagged appearance that would be more at home in the Alps. Between Tsiknias and Exobourgo lies the fruitful plain of Falatados. This area is unique on the island as its relatively flat terrain (albeit with an elevation of about 300 metres (980 feet)) is rare on the island. This made it a strong candidate for a proposed airport on the island. The Meltemi winds and concerns of local villagers of the towns of Falatados, and Steni have all but halted the project.

The landscape around Volax is surreal and unusual with giant boulders some the size of multi-storey buildings.[citation needed] The village of Volax lies at the center of this landscape. To the west, the mountains surrounding Pyrgos contain green marble.[citation needed]

All around the island of Tinos, the islanders have made the most unusual things out of stone. The hills are all terraced with stone walls and every village is connected to its nearest neighbors by stone walkways set between a parallel set of stone walls.

The island's mineral resources include marble, Verde antico, asbestos and a granite mine near Volax (also known as Volakas).

View of the town of Tinos

Tinos is a separate regional unit of the South Aegean region, and the only municipality of the regional unit. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Tinos was created out of part of the former Cyclades Prefecture. At the same reform, the current municipality Tinos was created out of the 3 former municipalities:

Province

The province of Tinos (Greek:Επαρχία Τήνου) was one of the provinces of the Cyclades Prefecture. It had the same territory as the present regional unit. It was abolished in 2006.

Tinos experiences a Mediterranean climate and has warm and dry summers and mild and wet winters. In the island you come across the etesians (also known as meltemi winds) the strong, dry north winds of the Aegean Sea, which blow from about mid-May to mid-September. They are at their strongest in the afternoon and often die down at night, but sometimes meltemi winds last for days without a break. Meltemi winds are dangerous to sailors because they come up in clear weather without warning and can blow at 7-8 Beaufort.

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
High 14 °C 15 °C 16 °C 19 °C 22 °C 26 °C 28 °C 28 °C 26 °C 23 °C 19 °C 15 °C
Low 10 °C 10 °C 11 °C 13 °C 17 °C 21 °C 23 °C 24 °C 21 °C 19 °C 15 °C 12 °C
Precipitation 8 7 5 5 3 0 0 0 2 2 6 11
Winds in km/h 29 30 26 20 21 23 23 26 23 26 23 28

Tinos has three ports, one for passenger speed boats, and two for ferries and highspeed boats which carry passengers and cars to other ports, including Mykonos (35 min), Piraeus, Rafina, Andros and Syros.

There is a heliport close to Aghios Fokas beach, some 2 kilometres (1 mile) from the town of Tinos.

There are regular buses linking the town of Tinos with other villages on the island.

The village of Kardiani
The village of Volax, postcard from 1907
Nikolaos Gyzis (1842–1901), an important Greek painter
  1. "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)"(PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece.
  2. "Art & Tradition:Windmills". Municipality of Tinos. www.tinos.gr. Archived from the original on 2008-01-05. Retrieved2007-12-21.
  3. Pliny. Naturalis Historia. Vol. 4.12.22.
  4. Pomponius Mela. De situ orbis. Vol. 2.7.11.
  5. Stephanus of Byzantium. Ethnica. Vol. s.v. Τῆνος.
  6. Apollon. 1.1304, with Schol.
  7. Herodotus. Histories. Vol. 8.82.
  8. Pausanias. Description of Greece. Vol. 5.23.2.
  9. Thucydides. History of the Peloponnesian War. Vol. 7.57.
  10. Franz, Elem. Epigr. Gr. No. 49.
  11. Dem. c. Polycl. p. 1207
  12. Appian, B.C. 5.7.
  13. William Miller, The Latin Orient (London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1920), p. 39
  14. D. Jacoby, La féodalité en Grèce médiévale. Les « Assises de Romanie », sources, application et diffusion (1971), p. 237
  15. 40.pdf Archived 2014-05-12 at the Wayback Machine
  16. "ΦΕΚ A 87/2010, Kallikratis reform law text" (in Greek). Government Gazette.
  17. "Detailed census results 1991"(PDF).(39 MB)(in Greek and French)

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Tenos". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

Wikimedia Commons has media related toTinos.

Tinos Article Talk Language Watch Edit This article is about the Greek island For the font family see Croscore fonts Tenos redirects here For the town of ancient Thessaly see Tenos Thessaly Tinos Greek Thnos ˈtinos is a Greek island situated in the Aegean Sea It is located in the Cyclades archipelago In antiquity Tinos was also known as Ophiussa from Greek ophis snake and Hydroessa from Greek hydor water The closest islands are Andros Delos and Mykonos It has a land area of 194 464 square kilometres 75 083 sq mi 1 and a 2011 census population of 8 636 inhabitants Tinos Perifereiakh enothta Dhmos ThnoyRegional unit and MunicipalityPanagia Evangelistria landmark of the islandTinos within the South AegeanCoordinates 37 36 48 N 25 08 21 E 37 61333 N 25 13917 E 37 61333 25 13917 Coordinates 37 36 48 N 25 08 21 E 37 61333 N 25 13917 E 37 61333 25 13917CountryGreeceRegionSouth AegeanCapitalTinos town Area Total194 5 km2 75 1 sq mi Population Total10 000 Density0 051 km2 0 13 sq mi Time zoneUTC 2 Summer DST UTC 3 EEST Postal codes842 xxArea codes22830Car platesEMWebsitewww wbr tinos wbr gr Tinos is famous amongst Greeks for the Church of Panagia Evangelistria its 80 or so windmills 2 about 1000 artistic dovecotes 50 active villages and its Venetian fortifications at the mountain Exomvourgo On Tinos both Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholic populations co exist and the island is also well known for its sculptors and painters such as Nikolaos Gysis Yannoulis Chalepas and Nikiforos Lytras The island is located near the geographical center of the Cyclades island complex and because of the Panagia Evangelistria church with its reputedly miraculous icon of Virgin Mary that it holds Tinos is also the center of a yearly pilgrimage that takes place on the date of the Dormition of the Virgin Mary 15 August Dekapentavgoustos in Greek Many pilgrims make their way the 800 metres 2 600 feet from the ferry wharf to the church on their hands and knees as sign of devotion Contents 1 History 2 Geography 3 Administration 3 1 Province 4 Climate 5 Transportation 6 Towns and villages 7 Notable people 8 Gallery 9 References 10 External linksHistory EditAnciently the island was called Tenos Ancient Greek Tῆnos and was also called Hydrussa Ὑdroῦssa Ὑdroessa from the number of its springs and Ophiussa because it abounded in snakes 3 4 5 The sons of Boreas are said to have been slain in this island by Heracles 6 In the invasion of Greece by Xerxes I the Tenians were compelled to serve in the Persian fleet but a Tenian trireme deserted to the Greeks immediately before the Battle of Salamis 480 BCE and accordingly the name of the Tenians was inscribed upon the tripod at Delphi in the list of Grecian states which had overthrown the Persians 7 Pausanias relates that the name of the Tenians was also inscribed on the statue of Zeus at Olympia among the Greeks who had fought at the Battle of Plataea 8 The Tenians afterwards formed part of the Delian League and are mentioned among the subject allies of Athens at the time of the Sicilian expedition 9 They paid a yearly tribute of 3600 drachmae from which it may be inferred that they enjoyed a considerable share of prosperity 10 Alexander of Pherae took possession of Tenos for a time 11 and the island was afterwards granted by Marcus Antonius to the Rhodians 12 See also Duchy of the Archipelago Map of Tinos by Giacomo Franco 1597 Following the capture of Constantinople by the Fourth Crusade Tinos was one of several islands ruled by private Venetian citizens and belonged to Andrea Ghisi whose heirs held it until 1390 when the last member of the family branch bequeathed both Tinos and Mykonos to Venice 13 14 It was ruled by Venice until 1715 when Tinos was captured by the Ottoman Empire see Ottoman Venetian War and became known as Istendil The Ottomans held Tinos until 1821 when the inhabitants joined in the Greek War of Independence 15 The tumult of the period gave rise to an increase in piracy in the region In 1825 HMS Cambrian was the lead vessel of a small squadron in anti piracy operations in the Archipelago at Alexandria and around the coasts of Syria On 27 July 1826 Cambrian s boats captured a pirate bombard and burnt a mistico on Tinos Five pirates were killed and several wounded The date of 15 August also commemorates the 1940 sinking in Tinos s harbour of the Greek cruiser Elli during peacetime while she rode at anchor by the Italian submarine Delfino The Elli was participating in the celebrations of the Feast of the Dormition One of the three torpedoes fired hit the Elli under the one operating boiler and she caught fire and sank Nine petty officers and sailors were killed and 24 were wounded The same submarine attempted to torpedo the passenger ships M V Elsi and M V Hesperos anchored in the port This attempt failed and the torpedoes only damaged a section of the port s wharf Geography Edit Satellite image of Tinos Exomvourgo Landscape of the island The entrance of the church Tinos has a varied landscape From the shores of Panormos and Kolimbithra on the North Shore to Kionia Agios Yannis O Portos and Agios Sostis on the Southern Shore Tinos has many beaches Tsiknias is the highest mountain on the island at 750 metres 2 460 feet and hides the village of Livada The mountain of Exobourgo is quite distinct and unlike its more rounded Cycladic neighbors has a jagged appearance that would be more at home in the Alps Between Tsiknias and Exobourgo lies the fruitful plain of Falatados This area is unique on the island as its relatively flat terrain albeit with an elevation of about 300 metres 980 feet is rare on the island This made it a strong candidate for a proposed airport on the island The Meltemi winds and concerns of local villagers of the towns of Falatados and Steni have all but halted the project The landscape around Volax is surreal and unusual with giant boulders some the size of multi storey buildings citation needed The village of Volax lies at the center of this landscape To the west the mountains surrounding Pyrgos contain green marble citation needed All around the island of Tinos the islanders have made the most unusual things out of stone The hills are all terraced with stone walls and every village is connected to its nearest neighbors by stone walkways set between a parallel set of stone walls The island s mineral resources include marble Verde antico asbestos and a granite mine near Volax also known as Volakas Administration Edit View of the town of Tinos Tinos is a separate regional unit of the South Aegean region and the only municipality of the regional unit As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform the regional unit Tinos was created out of part of the former Cyclades Prefecture At the same reform the current municipality Tinos was created out of the 3 former municipalities 16 Exomvourgo Panormos Tinos town Province Edit The province of Tinos Greek Eparxia Thnoy was one of the provinces of the Cyclades Prefecture It had the same territory as the present regional unit 17 It was abolished in 2006 Climate EditTinos experiences a Mediterranean climate and has warm and dry summers and mild and wet winters In the island you come across the etesians also known as meltemi winds the strong dry north winds of the Aegean Sea which blow from about mid May to mid September They are at their strongest in the afternoon and often die down at night but sometimes meltemi winds last for days without a break Meltemi winds are dangerous to sailors because they come up in clear weather without warning and can blow at 7 8 Beaufort Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov DecHigh 14 C 15 C 16 C 19 C 22 C 26 C 28 C 28 C 26 C 23 C 19 C 15 CLow 10 C 10 C 11 C 13 C 17 C 21 C 23 C 24 C 21 C 19 C 15 C 12 CPrecipitation 8 7 5 5 3 0 0 0 2 2 6 11Winds in km h 29 30 26 20 21 23 23 26 23 26 23 28Transportation EditTinos has three ports one for passenger speed boats and two for ferries and highspeed boats which carry passengers and cars to other ports including Mykonos 35 min Piraeus Rafina Andros and Syros There is a heliport close to Aghios Fokas beach some 2 kilometres 1 mile from the town of Tinos There are regular buses linking the town of Tinos with other villages on the island Towns and villages Edit The village of Kardiani The village of Volax postcard from 1907 Aetopholia Agapi Agia Varvara Agios Fokas Agios Romanos Agios Sostis Arnados Berdemiaros Chatzirados Dyo Choria Falatados Fero Chorio Kabos Kaki Skala Kalloni Kampos Kardiani Karkados Karya Kato Kleisma Kechros Kionia Komi Koumaros Koumelas Krokos Ktikados Laouti Livada Loutra Lychnaftia Malli Mamados Marlas Mesi Monastiri Monastiria Mountados Myrsini Ormos Agiou Ioannou Ormos Panormou Panormos Perastra Platia Potamia Pyrgos Rocharis Skalados Sklavochorio Smardakito Sperados Steni Tarampados Tinos Triantaros Tripotamos Tzados Venardados Volax Vourni Xinara YsterniaNotable people Edit Nikolaos Gyzis 1842 1901 an important Greek painter Kosem Sultan Anastasia Valide Sultan of the Ottoman Empire mother of Murad IV Ibrahim I Saint Pelagia Ieronymos I Kotsonis Archbishop of Athens and All Greece Haralambos Babis Marmanis Author Scientist CTO Yannoulis Chalepas 1851 1938 sculptor Lazaros Sochos 1862 1911 sculptor Patriarch Photius of Alexandria Nikiphoros Lytras 1832 1904 painter Nicholaos Gysis 1842 1901 painter Stelios Perpiniadis 1899 1977 musician Errikos Kontarinis 1906 1971 actor Vangelis Protopappas 1917 1995 actor Lefteris Valakas sculptor Fragiskos Alvertis basketball player Alekos Alavanos politicianGallery Edit Yannoulis Chalepas View of Kolibithra beach Street of Tinos The congress centreReferences Edit Population amp housing census 2001 incl area and average elevation PDF in Greek National Statistical Service of Greece Art amp Tradition Windmills Municipality of Tinos www tinos gr Archived from the original on 2008 01 05 Retrieved 2007 12 21 Pliny Naturalis Historia Vol 4 12 22 Pomponius Mela De situ orbis Vol 2 7 11 Stephanus of Byzantium Ethnica Vol s v Tῆnos Apollon 1 1304 with Schol Herodotus Histories Vol 8 82 Pausanias Description of Greece Vol 5 23 2 Thucydides History of the Peloponnesian War Vol 7 57 Franz Elem Epigr Gr No 49 Dem c Polycl p 1207 Appian B C 5 7 William Miller The Latin Orient London Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge 1920 p 39 D Jacoby La feodalite en Grece medievale Les Assises de Romanie sources application et diffusion 1971 p 237 40 pdf Archived 2014 05 12 at the Wayback Machine FEK A 87 2010 Kallikratis reform law text in Greek Government Gazette Detailed census results 1991 PDF 39 MB in Greek and French This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain Smith William ed 1854 1857 Tenos Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography London John Murray External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Tinos The official travel guide of Tinos in Greek Official website of Municipality of Tinos in Greek Official website of Municipality of Exomvourgo in Greek Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Tinos amp oldid 1064224120, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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