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The topographic isolation of a summit is the minimum distance to a point of equal elevation, representing a radius of dominance in which the peak is the highest point. It can be calculated for small hills and islands as well as for major mountain peaks and can even be calculated for submarine summits.

The following sortable table lists Earth's 40 most topographically isolated summits.

The 40 most topographically isolated summits on Earth
Rank Summit Landmass Country Elevation Prominence Isolation Nearest higher neighbour
1 Mount Everest Eurasia Nepal
China
8848 m
29,029 ft
8848 m
29,029 ft
n/a n/a
2 Aconcagua South America Argentina (Mendoza) 6962 m
22,841 ft
6962 m
22,841 ft
16,520 km
10,265 mi
Tirich Mir (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan)
3 Denali North America United States (Alaska) 6194 m
20,320 ft
6149 m
20,174 ft
7,450 km
4,629 mi
Yanamax (Xinjiang, China)
4 Kilimanjaro Africa Tanzania 5895 m
19,341 ft
5885 m
19,308 ft
5,510 km
3,424 mi
Kuh-e Shashgal (Afghanistan)
5 Puncak Jaya New Guinea Indonesia (Papua) 4884 m
16,024 ft
4884 m
16,024 ft
5,262 km
3,269 mi
Jade Dragon Snow Mountain (Yunnan, China)
6 Vinson Massif Antarctica Antarctica 4892 m
16,050 ft
4892 m
16,050 ft
4,861 km
3,020 mi
Risco Plateado (Mendoza, Argentina)
7 Mont Orohena Tahiti French Polynesia 2241 m
7,352 ft
2241 m
7,352 ft
4,128 km
2,565 mi
Mount Ngauruhoe (New Zealand)
8 Mauna Kea Hawai'i United States (Hawai'i) 4205 m
13,796 ft
4205 m
13,796 ft
3,947 km
2,453 mi
Mount Shasta (California, USA)
9 Gunnbjørn Fjeld Greenland Greenland 3694 m
12,119 ft
3694 m
12,119 ft
3,254 km
2,022 mi
The Eiger (Canton of Bern, Switzerland)
10 Aoraki / Mount Cook South Island New Zealand 3754 m
12,316 ft
3754 m
12,316 ft
3,140 km
1,951 mi
Mount Adam (Victoria Land, Antarctica)
11 Thabana Ntlenyana Africa Lesotho 3482 m
11,424 ft
2390 m
7,841 ft
3,003 km
1,866 mi
Mount Meru (Tanzania)
12 Maunga Terevaka Easter Island Chile 506 m
1,660 ft
506 m
1,660 ft
2,836 km
1,762 mi
Cerro de Los Inocentes (Chile)
13 Mont Blanc Eurasia France
Italy
4809 m
15,778 ft
4696 m
15,407 ft
2,813 km
1,748 mi
Kukurtlu Dome [ru] (Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia)
14 Piton des Neiges Réunion France 3071 m
10,075 ft
3071 m
10,075 ft
2,767 km
1,720 mi
Giant's Castle (KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa)
15 Klyuchevskaya Sopka Eurasia Russia (Kamchatka) 4750 m
15,584 ft
4649 m
15,253 ft
2,748 km
1,708 mi
Mount Foraker (Alaska, USA)
16 Pico de Orizaba North America Mexico (Puebla) 5636 m
18,491 ft
4922 m
16,148 ft
2,690 km
1,672 mi
Pico Cristóbal Colón (Magdalena Department, Colombia)
17 Queen Mary's Peak Tristan da Cunha Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 2060 m
6,759 ft
2060 m
6,759 ft
2,665 km
1,656 mi
Mount Paget (South Georgia Island, UK)
18 Mount Whitney North America United States (California) 4421 m
14,505 ft
3072 m
10,080 ft
2,649 km
1,646 mi
Nevado de Toluca (State of Mexico, Mexico)
19 Gunung Kinabalu Borneo Malaysia (Sabah) 4095 m
13,435 ft
4095 m
13,435 ft
2,538 km
1,577 mi
Ngga Pilimsit (Papua, Indonesia)
20 Mount Elbrus Eurasia Russia (Kabardino-Balkaria) 5642 m
18,510 ft
4741 m
15,554 ft
2,473 km
1,536 mi
Pik Agasis (Tajikistan)
21 Pico da Bandeira South America Brazil (Espirito Santo) 2897 m
9,505 ft
2647 m
8,684 ft
2,393 km
1,487 mi
Cerro Naranjos [es] (Bolivia)
22 Mont Cameroun Africa Cameroon 4040 m
13,255 ft
3901 m
12,799 ft
2,338 km
1,453 mi
Mikeno (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
23 Mount Paget South Georgia South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 2915 m
9,564 ft
2915 m
9,564 ft
2,269 km
1,410 mi
Welch Mountains (Palmer Land, Antarctica)
24 Mauga Silisili Savai'i Samoa 1858 m
6,096 ft
1858 m
6,096 ft
2,245 km
1,395 mi
Tabwemasana (Vanuatu)
25 Nevado Huascarán South America Peru 6746 m
22,133 ft
2776 m
9,108 ft
2,196 km
1,365 mi
Tres Cruces (Chile/Argentina border)
26 Anamudi Eurasia India (Kerala) 2695 m
8,842 ft
2480 m
8,136 ft
2,115 km
1,314 mi
Machapuchare (Nepal)
27 Jebel Toubkal Africa Morocco 4167 m
13,671 ft
3755 m
12,320 ft
2,078 km
1,291 mi
Picco Luigi Amedeo (Italy)
28 Mount Fuji Honshu Japan (Chūbu) 3776 m
12,388 ft
3776 m
12,388 ft
2,077 km
1,291 mi
Ch'ih-k'e Shan (Taiwan)
29 Emi Koussi Africa Chad 3445 m
11,302 ft
2934 m
9,626 ft
2,001 km
1,243 mi
Mount Cameroon (Cameroon)
30 Mawson Peak Heard Island Heard Island and McDonald Islands 2745 m
9,006 ft
2745 m
9,006 ft
1,922 km
1,194 mi
Mount McMaster (Enderby Land, Antarctica)
31 Mount Mitchell North America United States (North Carolina) 2037 m
6,684 ft
1857 m
6,091 ft
1,913 km
1,189 mi
Lone Butte (Colorado, U.S.A.)
32 Gunung Kerinci Sumatra Indonesia (West Sumatra) 3805 m
12,484 ft
3805 m
12,484 ft
1,905 km
1,184 mik
Gunung Kinabalu (Sabah, Malaysia)
33 Joe's Hill Kiritimati Kiribati 13 m
43 ft
13 m
43 ft
1,903 km
1,182 mi
Puu Ki (Hawaii, U.S.A.)
34 Agrihan High Point Agrihan Northern Mariana Islands 965 m
3,166 ft
965 m
3,166 ft
1,902 km
1,182 mi
Mount Amagi (Chūbu, Japan)
35 Mount Kosciuszko Australia Australia (New South Wales) 2228 m
7,310 ft
2228 m
7,310 ft
1,895 km
1,177 mi
Tūtoko (New Zealand)
36 Olavtoppen Bouvet Island Bouvet Island 780 m
2,559 ft
780 m
2,559 ft
1,856 km
1,153 mi
Edinburgh Peak (Gough Island, South Atlantic Ocean)
37 Mascarin Peak Marion Island South Africa (Prince Edward Islands) 1230 m
4,035 ft
1230 m
4,035 ft
1,848 km
1,148 mi
Cockscomb (Eastern Cape, South Africa)
38 Green Mountain Ascension Island Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 859 m
2,818 ft
859 m
2,818 ft
1,842 km
1,145 mi
Mount Richard-Molard (Ivory Coast/Guinea border)
39 Gora Narodnaya Eurasia Russia (Khanty-Mansi) 1895 m
6,217 ft
1772 m
5,814 ft
1,836 km
1,141 mi
Kattotjåkkå (Sweden)
40 Yushan Taiwan Taiwan 3952 m
12,966 ft
3952 m
12,966 ft
1,815 km
1,128 mi
Peak 4030 (Yunnan, China)
  • The nearest peak to Germany's highest mountain, the 2,962-metre-high Zugspitze, that has a 2962-metre-contour is the Zwölferkogel (2,988 m) in Austria's Stubai Alps. The distance between the Zugspitze and this contour is 25.8 km; the Zugspitze is thus the highest peak for a radius of 25.8 km around. Its isolation is thus 25.8 km.
  • Because there are no higher mountains than Mount Everest, it has no definitive isolation. Many sources list its isolation as the circumference of the earth over the poles or – questionably, because there is no agreed definition – as half the earth's circumference.
  • After Mount Everest, Aconcagua, the highest mountain of the American continents, has the greatest isolation of all mountains. There is no higher land for 16,534 kilometres when its height is first exceeded by Tirich Mir in the Hindu Kush.
  • Mont Blanc is the highest mountain of the Alps. The geographically nearest higher mountains are all in the Caucasus. Kukurtlu Dome [ru] (4,978 m) is the reference peak for Mont Blanc.
  • Musala is the highest peak in Rila mountain, also in Bulgaria and the Balkan Peninsula mountain system; standing at 2,925 m (9,596 ft) it is the 4th most topographically isolated major peak in Continental Europe. With a topographic prominence of 2473 m, Musala is also the 6th highest peak by topographic prominence in mainland Europe.

Topographic isolation Article Talk Language Watch Edit The topographic isolation of a summit is the minimum distance to a point of equal elevation representing a radius of dominance in which the peak is the highest point It can be calculated for small hills and islands as well as for major mountain peaks and can even be calculated for submarine summits Topographic isolation and prominence Contents 1 Isolation table 2 Examples 3 Gallery 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksIsolation table EditThe following sortable table lists Earth s 40 most topographically isolated summits The 40 most topographically isolated summits on Earth Rank Summit Landmass Country Elevation Prominence Isolation Nearest higher neighbour1 Mount Everest Eurasia Nepal China 8848 m 29 029 ft 8848 m 29 029 ft n a n a2 Aconcagua South America Argentina Mendoza 6962 m 22 841 ft 6962 m 22 841 ft 16 520 km 10 265 mi Tirich Mir Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan 3 Denali North America United States Alaska 6194 m 20 320 ft 6149 m 20 174 ft 7 450 km 4 629 mi Yanamax Xinjiang China 4 Kilimanjaro Africa Tanzania 5895 m 19 341 ft 5885 m 19 308 ft 5 510 km 3 424 mi Kuh e Shashgal Afghanistan 5 Puncak Jaya New Guinea Indonesia Papua 4884 m 16 024 ft 4884 m 16 024 ft 5 262 km 3 269 mi Jade Dragon Snow Mountain Yunnan China 6 Vinson Massif Antarctica Antarctica 4892 m 16 050 ft 4892 m 16 050 ft 4 861 km 3 020 mi Risco Plateado Mendoza Argentina 7 Mont Orohena Tahiti French Polynesia 2241 m 7 352 ft 2241 m 7 352 ft 4 128 km 2 565 mi Mount Ngauruhoe New Zealand 8 Mauna Kea Hawai i United States Hawai i 4205 m 13 796 ft 4205 m 13 796 ft 3 947 km 2 453 mi Mount Shasta California USA 9 Gunnbjorn Fjeld Greenland Greenland 3694 m 12 119 ft 3694 m 12 119 ft 3 254 km 2 022 mi The Eiger Canton of Bern Switzerland 10 Aoraki Mount Cook South Island New Zealand 3754 m 12 316 ft 3754 m 12 316 ft 3 140 km 1 951 mi Mount Adam Victoria Land Antarctica 11 Thabana Ntlenyana Africa Lesotho 3482 m 11 424 ft 2390 m 7 841 ft 3 003 km 1 866 mi Mount Meru Tanzania 12 Maunga Terevaka Easter Island Chile 506 m 1 660 ft 506 m 1 660 ft 2 836 km 1 762 mi Cerro de Los Inocentes Chile 13 Mont Blanc Eurasia France Italy 4809 m 15 778 ft 4696 m 15 407 ft 2 813 km 1 748 mi Kukurtlu Dome ru Karachay Cherkessia Russia 14 Piton des Neiges Reunion France 3071 m 10 075 ft 3071 m 10 075 ft 2 767 km 1 720 mi Giant s Castle KwaZulu Natal South Africa 15 Klyuchevskaya Sopka Eurasia Russia Kamchatka 4750 m 15 584 ft 4649 m 15 253 ft 2 748 km 1 708 mi Mount Foraker Alaska USA 16 Pico de Orizaba North America Mexico Puebla 5636 m 18 491 ft 4922 m 16 148 ft 2 690 km 1 672 mi Pico Cristobal Colon Magdalena Department Colombia 17 Queen Mary s Peak Tristan da Cunha Saint Helena Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 2060 m 6 759 ft 2060 m 6 759 ft 2 665 km 1 656 mi Mount Paget South Georgia Island UK 18 Mount Whitney North America United States California 4421 m 14 505 ft 3072 m 10 080 ft 2 649 km 1 646 mi Nevado de Toluca State of Mexico Mexico 19 Gunung Kinabalu Borneo Malaysia Sabah 4095 m 13 435 ft 4095 m 13 435 ft 2 538 km 1 577 mi Ngga Pilimsit Papua Indonesia 20 Mount Elbrus Eurasia Russia Kabardino Balkaria 5642 m 18 510 ft 4741 m 15 554 ft 2 473 km 1 536 mi Pik Agasis Tajikistan 21 Pico da Bandeira South America Brazil Espirito Santo 2897 m 9 505 ft 2647 m 8 684 ft 2 393 km 1 487 mi Cerro Naranjos es Bolivia 22 Mont Cameroun Africa Cameroon 4040 m 13 255 ft 3901 m 12 799 ft 2 338 km 1 453 mi Mikeno Democratic Republic of the Congo 23 Mount Paget South Georgia South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 2915 m 9 564 ft 2915 m 9 564 ft 2 269 km 1 410 mi Welch Mountains Palmer Land Antarctica 24 Mauga Silisili Savai i Samoa 1858 m 6 096 ft 1858 m 6 096 ft 2 245 km 1 395 mi Tabwemasana Vanuatu 25 Nevado Huascaran South America Peru 6746 m 22 133 ft 2776 m 9 108 ft 2 196 km 1 365 mi Tres Cruces Chile Argentina border 26 Anamudi Eurasia India Kerala 2695 m 8 842 ft 2480 m 8 136 ft 2 115 km 1 314 mi Machapuchare Nepal 27 Jebel Toubkal Africa Morocco 4167 m 13 671 ft 3755 m 12 320 ft 2 078 km 1 291 mi Picco Luigi Amedeo Italy 28 Mount Fuji Honshu Japan Chubu 3776 m 12 388 ft 3776 m 12 388 ft 2 077 km 1 291 mi Ch ih k e Shan Taiwan 29 Emi Koussi Africa Chad 3445 m 11 302 ft 2934 m 9 626 ft 2 001 km 1 243 mi Mount Cameroon Cameroon 30 Mawson Peak Heard Island Heard Island and McDonald Islands 2745 m 9 006 ft 2745 m 9 006 ft 1 922 km 1 194 mi Mount McMaster Enderby Land Antarctica 31 Mount Mitchell North America United States North Carolina 2037 m 6 684 ft 1857 m 6 091 ft 1 913 km 1 189 mi Lone Butte Colorado U S A 32 Gunung Kerinci Sumatra Indonesia West Sumatra 3805 m 12 484 ft 3805 m 12 484 ft 1 905 km 1 184 mik Gunung Kinabalu Sabah Malaysia 33 Joe s Hill Kiritimati Kiribati 13 m 43 ft 13 m 43 ft 1 903 km 1 182 mi Puu Ki Hawaii U S A 34 Agrihan High Point Agrihan Northern Mariana Islands 965 m 3 166 ft 965 m 3 166 ft 1 902 km 1 182 mi Mount Amagi Chubu Japan 35 Mount Kosciuszko Australia Australia New South Wales 2228 m 7 310 ft 2228 m 7 310 ft 1 895 km 1 177 mi Tutoko New Zealand 36 Olavtoppen Bouvet Island Bouvet Island 780 m 2 559 ft 780 m 2 559 ft 1 856 km 1 153 mi Edinburgh Peak Gough Island South Atlantic Ocean 37 Mascarin Peak Marion Island South Africa Prince Edward Islands 1230 m 4 035 ft 1230 m 4 035 ft 1 848 km 1 148 mi Cockscomb Eastern Cape South Africa 38 Green Mountain Ascension Island Saint Helena Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 859 m 2 818 ft 859 m 2 818 ft 1 842 km 1 145 mi Mount Richard Molard Ivory Coast Guinea border 39 Gora Narodnaya Eurasia Russia Khanty Mansi 1895 m 6 217 ft 1772 m 5 814 ft 1 836 km 1 141 mi Kattotjakka Sweden 40 Yushan Taiwan Taiwan 3952 m 12 966 ft 3952 m 12 966 ft 1 815 km 1 128 mi Peak 4030 Yunnan China Examples EditThe nearest peak to Germany s highest mountain the 2 962 metre high Zugspitze that has a 2962 metre contour is the Zwolferkogel 2 988 m in Austria s Stubai Alps The distance between the Zugspitze and this contour is 25 8 km the Zugspitze is thus the highest peak for a radius of 25 8 km around Its isolation is thus 25 8 km Because there are no higher mountains than Mount Everest it has no definitive isolation Many sources list its isolation as the circumference of the earth over the poles or questionably because there is no agreed definition as half the earth s circumference After Mount Everest Aconcagua the highest mountain of the American continents has the greatest isolation of all mountains There is no higher land for 16 534 kilometres when its height is first exceeded by Tirich Mir in the Hindu Kush Mont Blanc is the highest mountain of the Alps The geographically nearest higher mountains are all in the Caucasus Kukurtlu Dome ru 4 978 m is the reference peak for Mont Blanc Musala is the highest peak in Rila mountain also in Bulgaria and the Balkan Peninsula mountain system standing at 2 925 m 9 596 ft it is the 4th most topographically isolated major peak in Continental Europe 1 2 With a topographic prominence of 2473 m Musala is also the 6th highest peak by topographic prominence in mainland Europe 3 Gallery Edit 1 Mount Everest is the highest mountain peak on Earth 2 Aconcagua is the highest peak in both the Southern Hemisphere and Western Hemisphere 3 Denali is the highest peak of North America 4 Kilimanjaro is the highest peak of Africa 5 Puncak Jaya on New Guinea is the highest peak on any ocean island 6 The Vinson Massif is the highest peak of Antarctica 7 Mont Orohena on Tahiti is the highest peak of French Polynesia 8 Mauna Kea on the Island of Hawaiʻi is the tallest mountain on Earth as measured from base on seafloor to summit 9 Gunnbjorn Fjeld on Greenland is the highest peak of the Arctic 10 Aoraki or Mount Cook on the South Island is the highest peak in New Zealand 11 Thabana Ntlenyana in Lesotho is the highest point in southern Africa 12 Ma unga Terevaka is the highest point on Easter Island 13 Mont Blanc is the highest peak of Western Europe 14 Piton des Neiges is the apex of Reunion 15 Klyuchevskaya Sopka is the highest peak of Kamchatka 16 Pico de Orizaba is the highest peak of Mexico 17 Queen Mary s Peak is the highest point on the Atlantic island of Tristan da Cunha 18 Mount Whitney is the highest peak of the contiguous United States 19 Gunung Kinabalu is the apex of Borneo 20 Mount Elbrus is the highest peak of Europe 21 Pico da Bandeira is the third highest peak of Brazil 22 Mount Cameroon is the highest peak of Cameroon 23 Mount Paget on South Georgia is the highest peak in the South Atlantic Ocean See also EditMost isolated major summits of Europe Table of the most isolated major summits of North America Table of the most isolated major summits of the United States Most isolated mountain peaks of Canada Most isolated mountain peaks of Mexico Geodesy Physical geography Summit topography Topographic elevation Topographic prominence TopographyReferences Edit Most Isolated Peak of Europe Countries Peakbagger com Mountains Europe Ultra Prominences Peaklist Retrieved 26 February 2015 External links Editbivouac com Canadian Mountain Encyclopedia peakbagger com peaklist org peakware com World Mountain Encyclopedia summitpost org Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Topographic isolation amp oldid 1085678932, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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