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The Tupolev Tu-16 (NATO reporting name: Badger) was a twin-engined jet strategic heavy bomber used by the Soviet Union. It has been flown for almost 70 years, and the Chinese license-built Xian H-6 remains in service with the People's Liberation Army Air Force.

Tu-16
Tu-16 in flight
Role Strategic bomber
Manufacturer Voronezh Aircraft Production Association
Designer Tupolev
First flight 27 April 1952
Introduction 1954
Primary users Russian Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
Iraqi Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
Produced 1952–1962
Number built 1,509
Variants Tupolev Tu-104
Tupolev Tu-124
Xian H-6

Contents

Tu-16 bomber at the Monino Museum (1998)

In the late 1940s, the Soviet Union was strongly committed to matching the United States in strategic bombing capability. The Soviets' only long-range bomber at the time was Tupolev's Tu-4 'Bull', a reverse-engineered copy of the American B-29 Superfortress. The development of the notably powerful Mikulin AM-3 turbojet led to the possibility of a large, jet-powered bomber.

The Tupolev design bureau began work on the Tu-88 ("Aircraft N") prototypes in 1950. The Tu-88 first flew on 27 April 1952. After winning a competition against the Ilyushin Il-46, it was approved for production in December 1952. The first production bombers entered service with Frontal Aviation in 1954, receiving the service designation Tu-16. It received the NATO reporting name Badger-A.

Rear side view of a Tu-16 Badger reconnaissance variant (most likely Tu-16R) (1989)

It had a new, large swept wing and two large Mikulin AM-3 turbojets, one in each wing root. It could carry a single massive FAB-9000 9,000 kg (20,000 lb) conventional bomb (the Russian equivalent in terms of size of the British Grand Slam, but lacking the ground penetrating capability) or various nuclear weapons for a range of around 4,800 km (3,000 mi). Production took place in three aviation plants, Kazan Aircraft Production Association, Kuybyshev, and Voronezh Aircraft Production Association.

Although the Tu-16 began as a high-altitude, free-fall bomber, in the mid-1950s, it was equipped to carry early Soviet cruise missiles. The Tu-16KS-1 (Badger-B) version could carry AS-1 missiles over a combat radius of 1,800 km (1,100 mi). These very large weapons were aerodynamically similar to the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 fighter, fitted with either a nuclear or conventional warhead, having a range of about 140 km (85 mi). They were intended for use primarily against US Navy aircraft carriers and other large surface ships. Subsequent Tu-16s were converted to carry later, more advanced missiles, while their designations changed several times.

Egyptian Tu-16s (1980)

A versatile design, the Tu-16 was built in numerous specialized variants for aerial reconnaissance, maritime surveillance, electronic intelligence gathering (ELINT), and electronic warfare (ECM). In total, 1,507 aircraft were constructed in three plants in the Soviet Union, in 1954–1962. A civilian adaptation, the Tupolev Tu-104, saw passenger service with Aeroflot. The Tu-16 was also exported to Indonesia, Egypt, and Iraq. It continued to be used by the Air Forces and naval aviation of the Soviet Union and subsequently Russia, until 1993.

Delivery of the Tu-16 to China began in 1958, and the Xi'an Aircraft Industrial Corporation license-produced the aircraft under the Chinese designation Xian H-6. At least 120 of these aircraft remain in service. On 14 May 1965, one of the PLAAF Tu-16 bombers carried out the first airborne nuclear weapon test inside China.

See also: Xian H-6

Among the main production variants of the Badger were the Tu-16 and Tu-16A bombers and Tu-16KS and Tu-16K-10 missile carriers, Tu-16SPS, "Elka", and Tu-16Ye ECM aircraft, Tu-16R reconnaissance aircraft, and Tu-16T torpedo bombers; others were produced from conversions. Individual aircraft could be modified several times, with designations changed, especially concerning missile-carrying aircraft.

  • "Aircraft 88" - Initial prototype.
  • "Aircraft 97" - Twin-engined long-range bomber development project of Tu-16 with two RD-5 engines.
  • "Aircraft 103" - Supersonic bomber development project of Tu-16 with four VD-7 AM-13 engines.
  • Badger A (Tu-16) – This is the basic configuration of the Tu-16 bomber deployed in 1954 to replace the Tu-4. Several modified models of this variant existed, all of which were known as Badger A in the West.
An F-4 Phantom from VF-102 intercepting an Egyptian Air Force Tupolev TU-16 Badger over the Mediterranean Sea on 12 January 1971.
  • Tu-16A – Modified Tu-16s designed to carry nuclear bombs, one of main versions, with 453 built. Many of these were subsequently converted into other variants.
  • Tu-16Z – An early specialized version of the Tu-16 that served as airborne tankers (a refuelling method: wing-to-wing), though retaining their medium bomber role.
  • Tu-16G (Tu-104G) – Fast air mail model, Aeroflot aircrew training version.
  • Tu-16N – A dedicated tanker version for Tu-22/Tu-22M bombers, with probe and drogue system. Entered service in 1963. Similar aircraft Tu-16NN converted from Tu-16Z.
  • Tu-16T – Limited production maritime strike version (torpedo bomber), that served in the Soviet Naval Aviation, and carried torpedoes, mines and depth charges. 76 built and some more converted. All units subsequently converted into Tu-16S configuration.
  • Tu-16S – A lifeboat carrier version used for search and rescue operations.
  • Tu-16Ye – These were equipped with heavy electronic warfare and electronic intelligence (ELINT) equipment.
  • Badger B (Tu-16KS) – Variant designed as a launch platform for two AS-1 Kennel/KS-1 Komet missiles. 107 built in 1954–1958, served with the Soviet Naval Aviation, Egypt and Indonesia. Soviet ones later converted with newer missiles.
  • Tu-16K-10-26 Badger C
    • Badger C (Tu-16K-10) – Another Naval Aviation variant, units of this version carried a single AS-2 Kipper/K-10S anti-ship missile. 216 built in 1958–1963. It differed from other variants in having a radar in a nose. A further development, the Tu-16K-10-26, carried a single K-10S and two KSR-2 or KSR-5 AS-6 Kingfish missiles (K-26 missile complex). Some were later converted into ELINT platforms.
    • Badger D (Tu-16RM-1) – Maritime reconnaissance model with ELINT equipment; 23 converted from Tu-16K-10. It retained its radar in a nose and could guide K-10S missiles, fired from other planes, at targets.
    • Badger E (Tu-16R)Reconnaissance version of the airframe, with ELINT equipment, first of all meant for maritime reconnaissance. It could guide KS missiles.
      • Tu-16RM-2 – modified Tu-16R, serving in the Naval Aviation. It could guide KSR-2 missiles.
      • Tu-16KRM – Launch platforms for target drones (a variant of Tu-16K-26).
    • Badger F (Tu-16RM-2) – Another reconnaissance version based on the −16R/RM but with the addition of external ELINT equipment.
    Tu-16 Badger G with KSR-5 missile
    • Badger G (Tu-16K/Tu-16KSR) – Serving in the Naval Aviation, these were conversions from earlier models. These were designed to carry bombs in internal bays in addition to carrying air-to-surface missiles externally, such as the AS-5 Kelt and AS-6 Kingfish. There existed numerous variants, designated either from carried missile complex (K-11, K-16 and K-26) or from missiles of these complexes (KSR-11, KSR-2 and KSR-5). Following further modifications, they were also given suffixes. Main variants:
      • Tu-16KSR-2 – carrying the K-16 complex (two KSR-2 missiles). Used from 1962. Similar aircraft, converted from other variants, were designated Tu-16K-16.
      • Tu-16K-11-16 – carrying the K-16 complex (KSR-2 missiles) or the K-11 complex (two anti-radar KSR-11 missiles). Used from 1962. Similar aircraft were designated Tu-16KSR-2-11. Over 440 Tu-16 could carry the K-16 or K-11 complex.
      Tu-16K-26 or Tu-16KSR-2-11-16, with KSR-5 missiles under wings (1998)
        • Tu-16K-26 – carrying the K-26 complex (two KSR-5 missiles), retaining a capability of KSR-2 and 11 missiles. Used from 1969. Similar aircraft were designated Tu-16KSR-2-5-11 or Tu-16KSR-2-5 (no KSR-11 capability). Over 240 Tu-16 could carry the K-26 complex.
        • Tu-16K-26P – carrying the K-26P missiles (two anti-radar KSR-5P missiles, as well as KSR-5, 2 or 11).
      • Badger H (Tu-16 Elka) – Designed for stand-off electronic warfare and electronic counter-measures support.
      • Badger J (Tu-16P Buket) – Another electronic warfare variant configured as an ECM strike escort.
      • Badger K (Tu-16Ye) – Believed to be a version of the Badger F configuration possessing enhanced ELINT capability.
      • Badger L (Tu-16P) – Another version of the Badger J with more modern systems and used in ELINT role.
      • "Aircraft 90" - Turboprop-powered project.
      • Tu-104 - Civilian airliner version.
    Current operators of the Tu-16/H-6 in bright red, former operators in dark red
    Armenia
    Azerbaijan
    Belarus
    • Belarus Air Force: 18 aircraft inherited upon the fall of the Soviet Union, out of service by 1995.
    China
    Egypt
    • Egyptian Air Force: Operated Tu-16KS, Tu-16T, Tu-16KSR-2-11, and Tu-16R. Also operated H-6. Last retired in 2000. By 1966, Air Group 65, with its primary base at Cairo West Air Base, was operating three squadrons of Tu-16s: No. 34 and 36 Squadrons with bomber variants, and No. 95 Squadron equipped with the Tu-16KS' that could carry AS-1 Kennel air-to-surface missiles.
    Georgia
    Indonesia
    Indonesian Air Force Tu-16KS-1 1625 at Dirgantara Mandala Museum
    Iraq
    Russia
    Soviet Union
    Ukraine
    • On 25 May 1968 a Soviet Air Force Tu-16 Badger-F piloted by Colonel Andrey Pliyev buzzed the US Navy aircraft carrier USS Essex(CV-9) in the Norwegian Sea. The Tu-16 made four passes, and on the last a wing clipped the sea and it crashed with no survivors. Parts of three bodies were recovered by the US.
    • On 1 February 1971 a modified Tu-16 flying laboratory crashed during testing of a new jet engine, resulting in the death of the entire crew, including test pilot Amet-khan Sultan.
    • On 28 August 1978 an early model Tu-16 crashed on Hopen island in Svalbard, Norway. All seven crew were killed in the accident. It was discovered by a four-man Norwegian weather forecasting team. The Soviets refused to admit the loss of an aircraft until the bodies of the crew were given to them. Norway transcribed the contents of the flight recorder over the objections of the Soviet government.
    • On 27 June 1980 a Soviet Air Force Tu-16 Badger on a Tokyo Express flight crashed near Komatsu Air Base in Ishikawa Prefecture in the Sea of Japan. There were no survivors. The remains of three crew members were recovered by the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force ship Nemuro.

    General characteristics

    • Crew: 6-7
    • Length: 34.80 m (114 ft 2 in)
    • Wingspan: 33.00 m (108 ft 3 in)
    • Height: 10.36 m (34 ft 0 in)
    • Wing area: 165 m2 (1,780 sq ft)
    • Empty weight: 37,200 kg (82,012 lb)
    • Gross weight: 76,000 kg (167,551 lb)
    • Max takeoff weight: 79,000 kg (174,165 lb)
    • Powerplant: 2 × Mikulin AM-3 M-500 turbojets, 93.2 kN (21,000 lbf) thrust each

    Performance

    • Maximum speed: 1,050 km/h (650 mph, 570 kn)
    • Range: 7,200 km (4,500 mi, 3,900 nmi)
    • Service ceiling: 12,800 m (42,000 ft)
    • Wing loading: 460 kg/m2 (94 lb/sq ft)
    • Thrust/weight: 0.24

    Armament

    Related development

    Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

    Footnotes

    1. "Предприятие". www.vaso.ru. Archived from the original on 6 May 2018. Retrieved6 May 2018.
    2. "Designations of Soviet and Russian Military Aircraft and Missiles". www.designation-systems.net. Archived from the original on 11 October 2017. Retrieved6 May 2018.
    3. "Tu-16 bomber carried out nuclear bomb test in China, 1965". AirForceWorld.com. Archived from the original on 6 September 2011. Retrieved15 July 2011.
    4. "World Air Forces". Armenia Air Force. Archived from the original on 2007-01-15. Retrieved2007-01-12.
    5. "World Air Forces". Azerbaijan Air Force. Archived from the original on 2006-11-12. Retrieved2007-01-12.
    6. "Aircraft Profile:Tupolev Tu-16 Badger". Air International. August 2006.
    7. "World Air Forces". Belarus Air Force. Archived from the original on 2006-12-31. Retrieved2007-01-12.
    8. "VectorSite". The Tupolev Tu-16 "Badger". Archived from the original on 2012-04-17. Retrieved2007-01-12.
    9. Cooper, Tom (18 April 2020). "Did you know the former President of Egypt Hosni Mubarak was a good military pilot? Part 2 Nocturnal Il-28 reconnaissance sorties over Israe". AviationGeekClub.com. Retrieved19 April 2020.
    10. "World Air Forces". Georgia Air Force. Archived from the original on 2007-01-17. Retrieved2007-01-12.
    11. That time a Soviet bomber crashed into the sea after buzzing a US aircraft carrier April 14, 2016 Archived August 14, 2017, at the Wayback Machine The Aviationist Retrieved August 14, 2017
    12. "Russ bomber falls in sea near U.S. ship May 26, 1968" Archived August 14, 2017, at the Wayback Machine Chicago Tribune Retrieved August 14, 2017
    13. The Games Pilots Play Over the Mediterranean August 23, 1981 Archived August 28, 2017, at the Wayback Machine New York Times Retrieved August 14, 2017
    14. ASN Aircraft Accident 27-May-1968 Tupolev Tu-16 Badger Archived 2017-08-14 at the Wayback Machine Aviation Safety Network Retrieved August 14, 2017
    15. Simonov, Andrey; Bodrikhin, Nikolai (2017). Боевые лётчики — дважды и трижды Герои Советского Союза [Combat pilots - Twice and thrice Heroes of the Soviet Union]. Moscow: Russian Knights Foundation and Vadim Zadorozhny Museum of Technology. p. 46. ISBN 9785990960510. OCLC 1005741956.
    16. Soviet Union Military Plane Crashes in Norway October 27, 1978 Archived May 6, 2018, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved August 15, 2017
    17. Svalbard Arctic out post at strategic crossroads September 9, 1980 Archived August 15, 2017, at the Wayback Machine Christian Science Monitor Retrieved August 15, 2017
    18. Umbreit, Andreas Bradt Svalbard: Spitzbergen with Frank Josef Land & Jan Mayen page 132 Retrieved August 15, 2017

    Bibliography

    • Healey, John K. (January–February 2004). "Retired Warriors: 'Cold War' Bomber Legacy". Air Enthusiast. No. 109. pp. 75–79. ISSN 0143-5450.
    • "Pentagon Over the Islands: The Thirty-Year History of Indonesian Military Aviation". Air Enthusiast Quarterly (2): 154–162. n.d. ISSN 0143-5450.
    • Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces,edited by Pavel Podvig, The MIT Press, 2001.
    • Soviet Military Power: 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987, 1988
    • Ту-16. Ракетно-бомбовый ударный комплекс Советских ВВС, Voyna v Vozduhye series no 26
    • EDISI KOLEKSI ANGKASA, RUDAL UDARA TRACKED AND DESTROYED, Edition of September 2006.
    Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tupolev Tu-16.

    Tupolev Tu 16 Article Talk Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Tu 16 The Tupolev Tu 16 NATO reporting name Badger 2 was a twin engined jet strategic heavy bomber used by the Soviet Union It has been flown for almost 70 years and the Chinese license built Xian H 6 remains in service with the People s Liberation Army Air Force Tu 16Tu 16 in flightRole Strategic bomberManufacturer Voronezh Aircraft Production Association 1 Designer TupolevFirst flight 27 April 1952Introduction 1954Primary users Russian Air Force Egyptian Air Force Iraqi Air Force Indonesian Air ForceProduced 1952 1962Number built 1 509Variants Tupolev Tu 104 Tupolev Tu 124 Xian H 6 Contents 1 Development 2 Variants 3 Former operators 4 Notable accidents 5 Specifications Tu 16 6 See also 7 References 7 1 Footnotes 7 2 Bibliography 8 External linksDevelopment Edit Tu 16 bomber at the Monino Museum 1998 In the late 1940s the Soviet Union was strongly committed to matching the United States in strategic bombing capability The Soviets only long range bomber at the time was Tupolev s Tu 4 Bull a reverse engineered copy of the American B 29 Superfortress The development of the notably powerful Mikulin AM 3 turbojet led to the possibility of a large jet powered bomber The Tupolev design bureau began work on the Tu 88 Aircraft N prototypes in 1950 The Tu 88 first flew on 27 April 1952 After winning a competition against the Ilyushin Il 46 it was approved for production in December 1952 The first production bombers entered service with Frontal Aviation in 1954 receiving the service designation Tu 16 It received the NATO reporting name Badger A Rear side view of a Tu 16 Badger reconnaissance variant most likely Tu 16R 1989 It had a new large swept wing and two large Mikulin AM 3 turbojets one in each wing root It could carry a single massive FAB 9000 9 000 kg 20 000 lb conventional bomb the Russian equivalent in terms of size of the British Grand Slam but lacking the ground penetrating capability or various nuclear weapons for a range of around 4 800 km 3 000 mi Production took place in three aviation plants Kazan Aircraft Production Association Kuybyshev and Voronezh Aircraft Production Association Although the Tu 16 began as a high altitude free fall bomber in the mid 1950s it was equipped to carry early Soviet cruise missiles The Tu 16KS 1 Badger B version could carry AS 1 missiles over a combat radius of 1 800 km 1 100 mi These very large weapons were aerodynamically similar to the Mikoyan Gurevich MiG 15 fighter fitted with either a nuclear or conventional warhead having a range of about 140 km 85 mi They were intended for use primarily against US Navy aircraft carriers and other large surface ships Subsequent Tu 16s were converted to carry later more advanced missiles while their designations changed several times Egyptian Tu 16s 1980 A versatile design the Tu 16 was built in numerous specialized variants for aerial reconnaissance maritime surveillance electronic intelligence gathering ELINT and electronic warfare ECM In total 1 507 aircraft were constructed in three plants in the Soviet Union in 1954 1962 A civilian adaptation the Tupolev Tu 104 saw passenger service with Aeroflot The Tu 16 was also exported to Indonesia Egypt and Iraq It continued to be used by the Air Forces and naval aviation of the Soviet Union and subsequently Russia until 1993 Delivery of the Tu 16 to China began in 1958 and the Xi an Aircraft Industrial Corporation license produced the aircraft under the Chinese designation Xian H 6 At least 120 of these aircraft remain in service On 14 May 1965 one of the PLAAF Tu 16 bombers carried out the first airborne nuclear weapon test inside China 3 Variants EditSee also Xian H 6 Among the main production variants of the Badger were the Tu 16 and Tu 16A bombers and Tu 16KS and Tu 16K 10 missile carriers Tu 16SPS Elka and Tu 16Ye ECM aircraft Tu 16R reconnaissance aircraft and Tu 16T torpedo bombers others were produced from conversions Individual aircraft could be modified several times with designations changed especially concerning missile carrying aircraft Aircraft 88 Initial prototype Aircraft 97 Twin engined long range bomber development project of Tu 16 with two RD 5 engines Aircraft 103 Supersonic bomber development project of Tu 16 with four VD 7 AM 13 engines Badger A Tu 16 This is the basic configuration of the Tu 16 bomber deployed in 1954 to replace the Tu 4 Several modified models of this variant existed all of which were known as Badger A in the West An F 4 Phantom from VF 102 intercepting an Egyptian Air Force Tupolev TU 16 Badger over the Mediterranean Sea on 12 January 1971 Tu 16A Modified Tu 16s designed to carry nuclear bombs one of main versions with 453 built Many of these were subsequently converted into other variants Tu 16Z An early specialized version of the Tu 16 that served as airborne tankers a refuelling method wing to wing though retaining their medium bomber role Tu 16G Tu 104G Fast air mail model Aeroflot aircrew training version Tu 16N A dedicated tanker version for Tu 22 Tu 22M bombers with probe and drogue system Entered service in 1963 Similar aircraft Tu 16NN converted from Tu 16Z Tu 16T Limited production maritime strike version torpedo bomber that served in the Soviet Naval Aviation and carried torpedoes mines and depth charges 76 built and some more converted All units subsequently converted into Tu 16S configuration Tu 16S A lifeboat carrier version used for search and rescue operations Tu 16Ye These were equipped with heavy electronic warfare and electronic intelligence ELINT equipment Badger B Tu 16KS Variant designed as a launch platform for two AS 1 Kennel KS 1 Komet missiles 107 built in 1954 1958 served with the Soviet Naval Aviation Egypt and Indonesia Soviet ones later converted with newer missiles Tu 16K 10 26 Badger C Badger C Tu 16K 10 Another Naval Aviation variant units of this version carried a single AS 2 Kipper K 10S anti ship missile 216 built in 1958 1963 It differed from other variants in having a radar in a nose A further development the Tu 16K 10 26 carried a single K 10S and two KSR 2 or KSR 5 AS 6 Kingfish missiles K 26 missile complex Some were later converted into ELINT platforms Badger D Tu 16RM 1 Maritime reconnaissance model with ELINT equipment 23 converted from Tu 16K 10 It retained its radar in a nose and could guide K 10S missiles fired from other planes at targets Badger E Tu 16R Reconnaissance version of the airframe with ELINT equipment first of all meant for maritime reconnaissance It could guide KS missiles Tu 16RM 2 modified Tu 16R serving in the Naval Aviation It could guide KSR 2 missiles Tu 16KRM Launch platforms for target drones a variant of Tu 16K 26 Badger F Tu 16RM 2 Another reconnaissance version based on the 16R RM but with the addition of external ELINT equipment Tu 16 Badger G with KSR 5 missile Badger G Tu 16K Tu 16KSR Serving in the Naval Aviation these were conversions from earlier models These were designed to carry bombs in internal bays in addition to carrying air to surface missiles externally such as the AS 5 Kelt and AS 6 Kingfish There existed numerous variants designated either from carried missile complex K 11 K 16 and K 26 or from missiles of these complexes KSR 11 KSR 2 and KSR 5 Following further modifications they were also given suffixes Main variants Tu 16KSR 2 carrying the K 16 complex two KSR 2 missiles Used from 1962 Similar aircraft converted from other variants were designated Tu 16K 16 Tu 16K 11 16 carrying the K 16 complex KSR 2 missiles or the K 11 complex two anti radar KSR 11 missiles Used from 1962 Similar aircraft were designated Tu 16KSR 2 11 Over 440 Tu 16 could carry the K 16 or K 11 complex Tu 16K 26 or Tu 16KSR 2 11 16 with KSR 5 missiles under wings 1998 Tu 16K 26 carrying the K 26 complex two KSR 5 missiles retaining a capability of KSR 2 and 11 missiles Used from 1969 Similar aircraft were designated Tu 16KSR 2 5 11 or Tu 16KSR 2 5 no KSR 11 capability Over 240 Tu 16 could carry the K 26 complex Tu 16K 26P carrying the K 26P missiles two anti radar KSR 5P missiles as well as KSR 5 2 or 11 Badger H Tu 16 Elka Designed for stand off electronic warfare and electronic counter measures support Badger J Tu 16P Buket Another electronic warfare variant configured as an ECM strike escort Badger K Tu 16Ye Believed to be a version of the Badger F configuration possessing enhanced ELINT capability Badger L Tu 16P Another version of the Badger J with more modern systems and used in ELINT role Aircraft 90 Turboprop powered project Tu 104 Civilian airliner version Former operators Edit Current operators of the Tu 16 H 6 in bright red former operators in dark red ArmeniaArmenian Air Force 30 aircraft inherited from the Soviet Union Out of service by 1995 4 AzerbaijanAzerbaijan Air Force 10 aircraft inherited from the Soviet Union Out of service by 1995 5 BelarusBelarus Air Force 18 aircraft inherited upon the fall of the Soviet Union 6 out of service by 1995 7 ChinaPeople s Liberation Army Air Force A few Tu 16s were acquired in 1959 the type was then built under licence as the Xian H 6 EgyptEgyptian Air Force Operated Tu 16KS Tu 16T Tu 16KSR 2 11 and Tu 16R Also operated H 6 Last retired in 2000 8 By 1966 Air Group 65 with its primary base at Cairo West Air Base was operating three squadrons of Tu 16s No 34 and 36 Squadrons with bomber variants and No 95 Squadron equipped with the Tu 16KS that could carry AS 1 Kennel air to surface missiles 9 GeorgiaGeorgian Air Force 20 aircraft inherited from the Soviet Union Out of service by 1995 10 Indonesia Indonesian Air Force Tu 16KS 1 1625 at Dirgantara Mandala Museum Indonesian Air Force TNI AU 26 Tu 16KS 1 acquired in 1961 Used during the preparation of Operation Trikora in 1962 being the capture of Western New Guinea from the Netherlands now Papua and Papua Barat They were also planned to be used for attacking the Colossus class aircraft carrier HNLMS Karel Doorman All were based at Iswahjudi Air Force Base Madiun East Java and were grounded in 1969 Removed from service in 1970 8 IraqIraqi Air Force 8 x Tu 16 and 6 x Tu 16KSR 2 11 Also operated 4 B 6D H 6D One B 6D was downed during the Iran Iraq War Two were destroyed in Operation Desert Storm in 1991 8 RussiaRussian Air Force Russian Naval Aviation Soviet UnionSoviet Air Force transferred to successor states Soviet Naval Aviation transferred to successor states UkraineUkrainian Air Force 121 aircraft inherited from USSR 6 All retired from service Notable accidents EditOn 25 May 1968 a Soviet Air Force Tu 16 Badger F piloted by Colonel Andrey Pliyev buzzed the US Navy aircraft carrier USS Essex CV 9 in the Norwegian Sea 11 The Tu 16 made four passes and on the last a wing clipped the sea and it crashed with no survivors Parts of three bodies were recovered by the US 12 13 14 On 1 February 1971 a modified Tu 16 flying laboratory crashed during testing of a new jet engine resulting in the death of the entire crew including test pilot Amet khan Sultan 15 On 28 August 1978 an early model Tu 16 crashed on Hopen island in Svalbard Norway All seven crew were killed in the accident It was discovered by a four man Norwegian weather forecasting team The Soviets refused to admit the loss of an aircraft until the bodies of the crew were given to them Norway transcribed the contents of the flight recorder over the objections of the Soviet government 16 17 18 On 27 June 1980 a Soviet Air Force Tu 16 Badger on a Tokyo Express flight crashed near Komatsu Air Base in Ishikawa Prefecture in the Sea of Japan There were no survivors The remains of three crew members were recovered by the Japanese Maritime Self Defense Force ship Nemuro Specifications Tu 16 Edit General characteristics Crew 6 7 Length 34 80 m 114 ft 2 in Wingspan 33 00 m 108 ft 3 in Height 10 36 m 34 ft 0 in Wing area 165 m2 1 780 sq ft Empty weight 37 200 kg 82 012 lb Gross weight 76 000 kg 167 551 lb Max takeoff weight 79 000 kg 174 165 lb Powerplant 2 Mikulin AM 3 M 500 turbojets 93 2 kN 21 000 lbf thrust each Performance Maximum speed 1 050 km h 650 mph 570 kn Range 7 200 km 4 500 mi 3 900 nmi Service ceiling 12 800 m 42 000 ft Wing loading 460 kg m2 94 lb sq ft Thrust weight 0 24 Armament Guns 6 7 23 mm Afanasev Makarov AM 23 cannons two each in dorsal and ventral remote turrets and manned tail turret with the occasional addition of one fixed forward in the nose Hardpoints 2 Underwing hardpoints for missiles and a bomb bay for missiles or bombs depending on variant Missiles Badger B 2 Raduga KS 1 Komet AS 1 Kennel anti ship missile on underwing hardpoints Badger C 1 Raduga K 10S AS 2 Kipper anti ship missile semi recessed in bomb bay Badger C G 2 Raduga KSR 2 AS 5 Kelt or Raduga KSR 5 AS 6 Kingfish anti ship missile on underwing hardpoints Bombs Badger A Export versions 9 000 kg 20 000 lb of free fall weapons clarification needed See also Edit Aviation portal Related development Tupolev Tu 104 Tupolev Tu 124 Xian H 6 Aircraft of comparable role configuration and era Avro Vulcan Boeing B 47 Stratojet Handley Page Victor Vickers ValiantReferences EditFootnotes Edit Predpriyatie www vaso ru Archived from the original on 6 May 2018 Retrieved 6 May 2018 Designations of Soviet and Russian Military Aircraft and Missiles www designation systems net Archived from the original on 11 October 2017 Retrieved 6 May 2018 Tu 16 bomber carried out nuclear bomb test in China 1965 AirForceWorld com Archived from the original on 6 September 2011 Retrieved 15 July 2011 World Air Forces Armenia Air Force Archived from the original on 2007 01 15 Retrieved 2007 01 12 World Air Forces Azerbaijan Air Force Archived from the original on 2006 11 12 Retrieved 2007 01 12 a b Aircraft Profile Tupolev Tu 16 Badger Air International August 2006 World Air Forces Belarus Air Force Archived from the original on 2006 12 31 Retrieved 2007 01 12 a b c VectorSite The Tupolev Tu 16 Badger Archived from the original on 2012 04 17 Retrieved 2007 01 12 Cooper Tom 18 April 2020 Did you know the former President of Egypt Hosni Mubarak was a good military pilot Part 2 Nocturnal Il 28 reconnaissance sorties over Israe AviationGeekClub com Retrieved 19 April 2020 World Air Forces Georgia Air Force Archived from the original on 2007 01 17 Retrieved 2007 01 12 That time a Soviet bomber crashed into the sea after buzzing a US aircraft carrier April 14 2016 Archived August 14 2017 at the Wayback Machine The Aviationist Retrieved August 14 2017 Russ bomber falls in sea near U S ship May 26 1968 Archived August 14 2017 at the Wayback Machine Chicago Tribune Retrieved August 14 2017 The Games Pilots Play Over the Mediterranean August 23 1981 Archived August 28 2017 at the Wayback Machine New York Times Retrieved August 14 2017 ASN Aircraft Accident 27 May 1968 Tupolev Tu 16 Badger Archived 2017 08 14 at the Wayback Machine Aviation Safety Network Retrieved August 14 2017 Simonov Andrey Bodrikhin Nikolai 2017 Boevye lyotchiki dvazhdy i trizhdy Geroi Sovetskogo Soyuza Combat pilots Twice and thrice Heroes of the Soviet Union Moscow Russian Knights Foundation and Vadim Zadorozhny Museum of Technology p 46 ISBN 9785990960510 OCLC 1005741956 Soviet Union Military Plane Crashes in Norway October 27 1978 Archived May 6 2018 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved August 15 2017 Svalbard Arctic out post at strategic crossroads September 9 1980 Archived August 15 2017 at the Wayback Machine Christian Science Monitor Retrieved August 15 2017 Umbreit Andreas Bradt Svalbard Spitzbergen with Frank Josef Land amp Jan Mayen page 132 Retrieved August 15 2017 Bibliography Edit Healey John K January February 2004 Retired Warriors Cold War Bomber Legacy Air Enthusiast No 109 pp 75 79 ISSN 0143 5450 Pentagon Over the Islands The Thirty Year History of Indonesian Military Aviation Air Enthusiast Quarterly 2 154 162 n d ISSN 0143 5450 Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces edited by Pavel Podvig The MIT Press 2001 Soviet Military Power 1983 1984 1986 1987 1988 Tu 16 Raketno bombovyj udarnyj kompleks Sovetskih VVS Voyna v Vozduhye series no 26 EDISI KOLEKSI ANGKASA RUDAL UDARA TRACKED AND DESTROYED Edition of September 2006 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Tupolev Tu 16 Global Security org FAS on the Tu 16 Xian H 6 Badger H 6 Medium Bomber http airwar ru Ugolok Neba Russian language H 6H and H 6K Cruise Missile Bomber AirForceWorld com Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Tupolev Tu 16 amp oldid 1080611639, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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