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The German Type 212 class (German: U-Boot-Klasse 212 A), also Italian Todaro class, is a diesel-electric submarine developed by Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft AG (HDW) for the German and Italian navies. It features diesel propulsion and an additional air-independent propulsion (AIP) system using Siemens proton exchange membrane (PEM) compressed hydrogen fuel cells. The submarines can operate at high speed on diesel power or switch to the AIP system for silent slow cruising, staying submerged for up to three weeks with little exhaust heat. The system is also said to be vibration-free, extremely quiet and virtually undetectable.

212A-class profile
U-34 underway
Class overview
BuildersHowaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft GmbH (HDW) - Fincantieri SpA
Operators
Preceded byType 206 submarine (Germany), Sauro class submarine (Italy), Ula-class submarine (Norway)
Succeeded byType 216 submarine
Cost280-560 million
Built1998–present
In commission2005–present
Planned20
Completed10
Active10
General characteristics
Displacement
  • 1,524 tonnes (1,500 long tons) surfaced
  • 1,830 tonnes (1,800 long tons) submerged
  • 2,500 tonnes (2,500 long tons) surfaced (212 CD)
Length
  • 56 metres (183 ft 9 in)
  • 57.20 metres (187 ft 8 in) (2nd batch)
  • 58.30 metres (191 ft 3 in) (212 NFS)
  • 73 metres (239 ft 6 in) (212 CD)
Beam
  • 6.80 metres (22 ft 4 in)
  • 10 metres (32 ft 10 in) (212 CD)
Draught6.40 metres (21 ft 0 in)
Decks2
Installed power1 x MTU-396 16V (2,150 kW); 1 x Siemens Permasyn electric motor Type FR6439-3900KW (2,850 kW)
Propulsion
Speed
  • 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph) surfaced
  • 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph) submerged
Range8,000 nautical miles (15,000 km; 9,200 mi) at 8 knots (15 km/h; 9.2 mph)
Endurance3 weeks without snorkeling, 12 weeks overall
Test depth
  • 250 metres (820 ft)
  • crush depth over 700 m (2,296 ft)
Complement5 officers, 22 men
Sensors and
processing systems
CSU 90 (DBQS-40FTC), Sonar: ISUS90-20, Radar: Kelvin Hughes Type 1007 I-band nav.,
Electronic warfare
& decoys
EADS FL 1800U suite
Armament6 x 533 millimetres (21 in) torpedo tubes (in 2 forward pointing groups of 3) with 13 DM2A4, Black Shark torpedo, IDAS missiles and 24 external naval mines (optional)

Type 212 is the first fuel cell propulsion system equipped submarine series.

Contents

At the beginning of the 1990s the German Navy was seeking a replacement for the Type 206 submarines. Initial study started on a Type 209 improved design, with AIP capability, called Type 212.

The final programme started in 1994 as the two navies of Germany and Italy began working together to design a new conventional submarine, respectively to operate in the shallow and confined waters of the Baltic Sea and in the deeper waters of the Mediterranean Sea. The two different requirements were mixed into a common one and, because of significant updates to the design, the designation has been changed to Type 212A since then.

On 22 April 1996 a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) gave the start to the cooperation for building four vessels for German Navy and four vessels for Italian Navy. Its main aim was the construction of identical boats and the start of a collaboration in logistic and life-cycle support for the two navies.

The German government placed an initial order of four Type 212A submarines in 1998. The German Submarine Consortium built them at the shipyards of HDW and Thyssen Nordseewerke GmbH (TNSW) of Emden. Different sections of the submarines were constructed at both sites at the same time and then half of them were shipped to the respective other yard so that both HDW and Thyssen Nordseewerke assembled two complete submarines each.

In the same year the Italian government placed an order of two U212A submarines built by Fincantieri for the Italian Navy (Marina Militare) at Muggiano shipyard, designated as the Todaro class.

The German Navy ordered two additional, improved submarines in 2006, to be delivered from 2012 on. They will be 1.2 meters longer to give additional space for a new reconnaissance mast.

On 21 April 2008 the Italian Navy ordered the optional second batch of submarine, in the same configuration of the original ones. Some upgrading should involve materials and components of commercial derivation, as well as the software package of the CMS. The intention is to keep the same configuration of the first series and reduce maintenance costs.

The export-oriented Type 214 submarine succeeds the Type 209 submarine and shares certain features with the Type 212A, such as the AIP fuel cell propulsion.

Poland announced in December 2013 they will not buy, but only lease, two U212-A's, on account of not meeting "requirements of tactical and technical equipment developed by the military, including in particular the propulsion system, missile weapons and rescue system".

On 22 December 2015 Admiral Giuseppe De Giorgi, Commander in Chief of the Italian Navy, announced plans to build another two U212A submarines.

In October 2016, during the celebration of the commissioning of U36, the German Navy announced the intent to procure another batch of two U212A within the next decade.

Type 212CD

Main article: Type 212CD submarine

In February 2017, it was announced that the Royal Norwegian Navy will procure four submarines based on Type 212. Initial plans envisaged service entry between 2025 and 2028. However, the Norwegian 2020 Defence Plan later envisaged service entry "around 2030". This "CD" (Common Design) variant of the Type 212 will consist of six submarines, with the German Navy ordering two new boats alongside the four Norwegian vessels. In March 2021 it was indicated that an agreement had been reached between Norway and Germany to initiate the acquisition program, pending approval by the Bundestag. The contract for construction of the six boats was signed in July 2021 with delivery of the first boat to the Royal Norwegian Navy anticipated in 2029.

Partly owing to the "X" arrangement of the stern planes, the Type 212 is capable of operating in as little as 17 metres of water[citation needed], allowing it to come much closer to shore than most contemporary submarines. This gives it an advantage in covert operations, as SCUBA-equipped commandos operating from the boat can surface close to the beach and execute their mission more quickly and with less effort.

A notable design feature is the prismatic hull cross-section and smoothly faired transitions from the hull to the sail, improving the boat's stealth characteristics. The ship and internal fixtures are constructed of nonmagnetic materials, significantly reducing the chances of it being detected by magnetometers or setting off magnetic naval mines.[citation needed]

U32

Although hydrogen–oxygen propulsion had been considered for submarines as early as World War I, the concept was not very successful until recently due to fire and explosion concerns. In the Type 212 this has been countered by storing the fuel and oxidizer in tanks outside the crew space, between the pressure hull and outer light hull. The gases are piped through the pressure hull to the fuel cells as needed to generate electricity, but at any given time there is only a very small amount of gas present in the crew space.

U31 of the German Navy in Kiel harbor
U33 in Tallinn harbor, Estonia

Currently, the Type 212A is capable of launching the fiber optic-guided DM2A4 Seehecht ("Seahake") heavyweight torpedoes, the WASS BlackShark torpedoes and short-range missiles from its six torpedo tubes, which use a water ram expulsion system. Future capability may include tube-launched cruise missiles.

The short-range IDAS missile (based on the IRIS-T missile), primarily intended for use against air threats as well as small or medium-sized sea- or near land targets, is currently being developed by Diehl BGT Defence to be fired from Type 212's torpedo tubes. IDAS is fiber-optic guided and has a range of approx. 20 km. Four missiles fit in one torpedo tube, stored in a magazine. First deliveries of IDAS for the German Navy were scheduled from 2014 on.

A 30mm auto-cannon called Muräne (moray) to support diver operations or to give warning shots is being considered, too. The cannon, probably a version of the RMK30 built by Rheinmetall, will be stored in a retractable mast and can be fired without the boat emerging. The mast will also be designed to contain three Aladin UAVs for reconnaissance missions. This mast is likely to be mounted on the second batch of Type 212 submarines for the German Navy.

In April 2006, the German Navy's U-32 sailed from the Baltic Sea to Rota, Spain in a journey lasting two weeks which covered 1,500 nautical miles (2,800 km; 1,700 mi) without surfacing or snorkelling.

The Italian Navy's S 526 Todaro was deployed, for over six months in 2008, to the United States for CONUS 2008 exercise with the United States Navy.

Scirè arrives on a port visit at New London, Connecticut, on 27 August 2009

The Italian Navy's S 527 Scirè was deployed, for over five months in 2009, to the U.S. for CONUS 2009 exercise with the United States Navy.

The Italian Navy's S 526 Todaro, between 1 September 2012 and 13 February 2013, for the first time was deployed to the Aden Gulf, Arabic Sea, Oman Gulf and Indian Ocean.

In 2013, while on the way to participate in naval exercises in U.S. waters, the German Navy's U-32 established a new record for non-nuclear submarines with 18 days in submerged transit without snorkelling.

On 15 October 2017, the German Navy's U-35 suffered damage to its rudder fins while conducting dives off the Norwegian coast.

Pennant
number
Name Laid
down
Launched Commissioned
Deutsche Marine
S181 U-31 1 July 1998 20 March 2002 19 October 2005
S182 U-32 11 July 2000 4 December 2003 19 October 2005
S183 U-33 30 April 2001 September 2004 13 June 2006
S184 U-34 December 2001 July 2006 3 May 2007
S185 U-35 21 August 2007 15 November 2011 23 March 2015
S186 U-36 19 August 2008 6 February 2013 10 October 2016
Italian Navy
S 526 Salvatore Todaro 3 July 1999 6 November 2003 29 March 2006
S 527 Scirè 27 May 2000 18 December 2004 19 February 2007
S 528 Pietro Venuti 9 December 2009 9 October 2014 6 July 2016
S 529 Romeo Romei 2012 4 July 2015 11 May 2017
TBC (U212 NFS) 11 January 2022 2027
TBC (U212 NFS) 2024 2029
TBC (option) 2026 2031 (if confirmed)
TBC (option) 2028 2033 (if confirmed)

Italics indicate estimated date

In dock at HDW/Kiel
Todaro in dock at Fincantieri, Muggiano.

Submarines of similar comparison

  1. "TKMS baut sechs neue U-Boote in Kiel" [TKMS builds six new U-boats in Kiel] (in German). 3 February 2017.
  2. "MTU 16V 396 diesel engine". Archived from the original on 6 December 2006. Retrieved8 October 2006.
  3. Holger Naaf: Die Brennstoffzelle auf U 212 A (PDF, German). Bundesanstalt für Wasserbau, Wehrtechnische Dienststelle für Schiffe und Marinewaffen Eckernförde, 23. September 2008.
  4. "Deutsche Marine TV-Interview" (in German). Retrieved17 April 2007.
  5. "Dette er ubåtsjefens våte drøm - nyheter". Dagbladet.no. 18 November 2010. Retrieved27 December 2011.
  6. "Uboote Klasse 212A". Retrieved19 August 2013.
  7. "Classe Todaro page at Marina Militare website". Retrieved27 April 2010.
  8. Tom Bristow (29 November 2013). "Poland gives thumbs down to German subs". The Local.
  9. Nachrichtenfernsehen, n-tv. "Bundeswehr bekommt neue U-Boote".
  10. Berg Bentzrød, Sveinung (3 February 2017). "Forsvaret kjøper nye ubåter fra Tyskland" [The Armed Forces are purchasing new submarines from Germany]. Aftenposten (in Norwegian). Oslo: Aftenposten AS. Retrieved3 February 2017.
  11. https://www.regjeringen.no/contentassets/3a2d2a3cfb694aa3ab4c6cb5649448d4/long-term-defence-plan-norway-2020---english-summary.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  12. "Norway's new subs especially designed for covert, shallow water operations".
  13. "TKMS to Build Six Type 212CD Submarines for German and Norwegian Navies". 8 July 2021.
  14. DiGiulian, Tony. "Torpedoes of Germany Post-World War II". www.navweaps.com.
  15. "Diehl BGT IDAS missile". Archived from the original on 10 July 2008. Retrieved11 July 2008.
  16. Erprobung des Lenkflugkörpers IDAS, german
  17. Thomas, Doug (2008). "Submarine Developments: Air-Independent Propulsion"(PDF). Canadian Naval Review.
  18. Naming ceremony of fuel cell submarine “U36” for the German Navy in Kiel, ThyssenKrupp press release, 15 May 2013.
  19. Roblin, Sebastien (2017). "Germany Does Not Have One Working Submarine". The National Interest. Retrieved21 December 2017.
  20. "Fincantieri delivers The submarine "Romeo Romei"" (Press release). Trieste: Fincantieri. 11 May 2017. Retrieved11 May 2017.
  21. https://www.fincantieri.com/it/media/comunicati-stampa-e-news/2022/inizio-attivita-produttiva-per-il-primo-sottomarino-nfs-della-marina-militare/
  22. "Firmato il contratto per i Sottomarini U212 NFS - Near Future Submarine - Marina Militare".
  23. Gaeth, Klaus. "marine-portraits.de - DEUTSCHE MARINE - UBOOTE KLASSE 212A - Auswahlseite". www.marine-portraits.de.
  • Karr, Hans (2014). Deutsche Uboote seit 1956 (in German). Stuttgart: Motorbuch. ISBN 9783613037083.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toType 212 submarine.

Type 212 submarine Article Talk Language Watch Edit The German Type 212 class German U Boot Klasse 212 A also Italian Todaro class 7 is a diesel electric submarine developed by Howaldtswerke Deutsche Werft AG HDW for the German and Italian navies It features diesel propulsion and an additional air independent propulsion AIP system using Siemens proton exchange membrane PEM compressed hydrogen fuel cells The submarines can operate at high speed on diesel power or switch to the AIP system for silent slow cruising staying submerged for up to three weeks with little exhaust heat The system is also said to be vibration free extremely quiet and virtually undetectable 212A class profileU 34 underwayClass overviewBuildersHowaldtswerke Deutsche Werft GmbH HDW Fincantieri SpAOperators German Navy Italian NavyPreceded byType 206 submarine Germany Sauro class submarine Italy Ula class submarine Norway Succeeded byType 216 submarineCost 280 560 million 1 Built1998 presentIn commission2005 presentPlanned20Completed10Active10General characteristicsDisplacement1 524 tonnes 1 500 long tons surfaced 1 830 tonnes 1 800 long tons submerged 2 500 tonnes 2 500 long tons surfaced 212 CD Length56 metres 183 ft 9 in 57 20 metres 187 ft 8 in 2nd batch 58 30 metres 191 ft 3 in 212 NFS 73 metres 239 ft 6 in 212 CD Beam6 80 metres 22 ft 4 in 10 metres 32 ft 10 in 212 CD Draught6 40 metres 21 ft 0 in Decks2Installed power1 x MTU 396 16V 2 150 kW 1 x Siemens Permasyn electric motor Type FR6439 3900KW 2 850 kW Propulsion1 MTU 16V 396 marine diesel engine 2 9 HDW Siemens PEM fuel cells 30 40 kW each U31 2 HDW Siemens PEM fuel cells each with 120 kW U32 U33 U34 3 1 Siemens Permasyn electric motor 1700 kW driving a single seven bladed skewback propellerSpeed12 knots 22 km h 14 mph surfaced 20 knots 37 km h 23 mph submerged 6 Range8 000 nautical miles 15 000 km 9 200 mi at 8 knots 15 km h 9 2 mph Endurance3 weeks without snorkeling 12 weeks overallTest depth250 metres 820 ft crush depth over 700 m 2 296 ft 4 Complement5 officers 22 menSensors and processing systemsCSU 90 DBQS 40FTC Sonar ISUS90 20 Radar Kelvin Hughes Type 1007 I band nav Electronic warfare amp decoysEADS FL 1800U suiteArmament6 x 533 millimetres 21 in torpedo tubes in 2 forward pointing groups of 3 with 13 5 DM2A4 Black Shark torpedo IDAS missiles and 24 external naval mines optional Type 212 is the first fuel cell propulsion system equipped submarine series Contents 1 Development 1 1 Type 212CD 2 Design 3 Air independent propulsion 4 Weapons 5 Operations 6 List of boats 7 General characteristics 8 See also 9 References 10 Bibliography 11 External linksDevelopment EditAt the beginning of the 1990s the German Navy was seeking a replacement for the Type 206 submarines Initial study started on a Type 209 improved design with AIP capability called Type 212 The final programme started in 1994 as the two navies of Germany and Italy began working together to design a new conventional submarine respectively to operate in the shallow and confined waters of the Baltic Sea and in the deeper waters of the Mediterranean Sea The two different requirements were mixed into a common one and because of significant updates to the design the designation has been changed to Type 212A since then On 22 April 1996 a Memorandum of Understanding MOU gave the start to the cooperation for building four vessels for German Navy and four vessels for Italian Navy Its main aim was the construction of identical boats and the start of a collaboration in logistic and life cycle support for the two navies The German government placed an initial order of four Type 212A submarines in 1998 The German Submarine Consortium built them at the shipyards of HDW and Thyssen Nordseewerke GmbH TNSW of Emden Different sections of the submarines were constructed at both sites at the same time and then half of them were shipped to the respective other yard so that both HDW and Thyssen Nordseewerke assembled two complete submarines each In the same year the Italian government placed an order of two U212A submarines built by Fincantieri for the Italian Navy Marina Militare at Muggiano shipyard designated as the Todaro class 7 The German Navy ordered two additional improved submarines in 2006 to be delivered from 2012 on They will be 1 2 meters longer to give additional space for a new reconnaissance mast On 21 April 2008 the Italian Navy ordered the optional second batch of submarine in the same configuration of the original ones Some upgrading should involve materials and components of commercial derivation as well as the software package of the CMS The intention is to keep the same configuration of the first series and reduce maintenance costs The export oriented Type 214 submarine succeeds the Type 209 submarine and shares certain features with the Type 212A such as the AIP fuel cell propulsion Poland announced in December 2013 they will not buy but only lease two U212 A s on account of not meeting requirements of tactical and technical equipment developed by the military including in particular the propulsion system missile weapons and rescue system 8 On 22 December 2015 Admiral Giuseppe De Giorgi Commander in Chief of the Italian Navy announced plans to build another two U212A submarines In October 2016 during the celebration of the commissioning of U36 the German Navy announced the intent to procure another batch of two U212A within the next decade 9 Type 212CD Edit Main article Type 212CD submarine In February 2017 it was announced that the Royal Norwegian Navy will procure four submarines based on Type 212 Initial plans envisaged service entry between 2025 and 2028 10 However the Norwegian 2020 Defence Plan later envisaged service entry around 2030 11 This CD Common Design variant of the Type 212 will consist of six submarines with the German Navy ordering two new boats alongside the four Norwegian vessels 1 In March 2021 it was indicated that an agreement had been reached between Norway and Germany to initiate the acquisition program pending approval by the Bundestag The contract for construction of the six boats was signed in July 2021 with delivery of the first boat to the Royal Norwegian Navy anticipated in 2029 12 13 Design EditPartly owing to the X arrangement of the stern planes the Type 212 is capable of operating in as little as 17 metres of water citation needed allowing it to come much closer to shore than most contemporary submarines This gives it an advantage in covert operations as SCUBA equipped commandos operating from the boat can surface close to the beach and execute their mission more quickly and with less effort A notable design feature is the prismatic hull cross section and smoothly faired transitions from the hull to the sail improving the boat s stealth characteristics The ship and internal fixtures are constructed of nonmagnetic materials significantly reducing the chances of it being detected by magnetometers or setting off magnetic naval mines citation needed Air independent propulsion Edit U32 Although hydrogen oxygen propulsion had been considered for submarines as early as World War I the concept was not very successful until recently due to fire and explosion concerns In the Type 212 this has been countered by storing the fuel and oxidizer in tanks outside the crew space between the pressure hull and outer light hull The gases are piped through the pressure hull to the fuel cells as needed to generate electricity but at any given time there is only a very small amount of gas present in the crew space Weapons Edit U31 of the German Navy in Kiel harbor U33 in Tallinn harbor Estonia Currently the Type 212A is capable of launching the fiber optic guided 14 DM2A4 Seehecht Seahake heavyweight torpedoes the WASS BlackShark torpedoes and short range missiles from its six torpedo tubes which use a water ram expulsion system Future capability may include tube launched cruise missiles The short range IDAS missile based on the IRIS T missile primarily intended for use against air threats as well as small or medium sized sea or near land targets is currently being developed by Diehl BGT Defence to be fired from Type 212 s torpedo tubes IDAS is fiber optic guided and has a range of approx 20 km Four missiles fit in one torpedo tube stored in a magazine 15 First deliveries of IDAS for the German Navy were scheduled from 2014 on 16 A 30mm auto cannon called Murane moray to support diver operations or to give warning shots is being considered too The cannon probably a version of the RMK30 built by Rheinmetall will be stored in a retractable mast and can be fired without the boat emerging The mast will also be designed to contain three Aladin UAVs for reconnaissance missions This mast is likely to be mounted on the second batch of Type 212 submarines for the German Navy Operations EditIn April 2006 the German Navy s U 32 sailed from the Baltic Sea to Rota Spain in a journey lasting two weeks which covered 1 500 nautical miles 2 800 km 1 700 mi without surfacing or snorkelling 17 The Italian Navy s S 526 Todaro was deployed for over six months in 2008 to the United States for CONUS 2008 exercise with the United States Navy Scire arrives on a port visit at New London Connecticut on 27 August 2009 The Italian Navy s S 527 Scire was deployed for over five months in 2009 to the U S for CONUS 2009 exercise with the United States Navy The Italian Navy s S 526 Todaro between 1 September 2012 and 13 February 2013 for the first time was deployed to the Aden Gulf Arabic Sea Oman Gulf and Indian Ocean In 2013 while on the way to participate in naval exercises in U S waters the German Navy s U 32 established a new record for non nuclear submarines with 18 days in submerged transit without snorkelling 18 On 15 October 2017 the German Navy s U 35 suffered damage to its rudder fins while conducting dives off the Norwegian coast 19 List of boats EditPennant number Name Laid down Launched Commissioned Deutsche MarineS181 U 31 1 July 1998 20 March 2002 19 October 2005S182 U 32 11 July 2000 4 December 2003 19 October 2005S183 U 33 30 April 2001 September 2004 13 June 2006S184 U 34 December 2001 July 2006 3 May 2007S185 U 35 21 August 2007 15 November 2011 23 March 2015S186 U 36 19 August 2008 6 February 2013 10 October 2016 Italian NavyS 526 Salvatore Todaro 3 July 1999 6 November 2003 29 March 2006S 527 Scire 27 May 2000 18 December 2004 19 February 2007S 528 Pietro Venuti 9 December 2009 9 October 2014 6 July 2016S 529 Romeo Romei 2012 4 July 2015 11 May 2017 20 TBC U212 NFS 11 January 2022 21 2027 22 TBC U212 NFS 2024 2029 22 TBC option 22 2026 2031 if confirmed TBC option 22 2028 2033 if confirmed Italics indicate estimated dateGeneral characteristics Edit In dock at HDW Kiel Todaro in dock at Fincantieri Muggiano Displacement 1 450 tonnes surfaced 1 830 tonnes submerged 2 500 tonnes surfaced for 212CD Length 56 m 183 7 ft 57 2 m 187 66 ft 2nd batch 73 m for 212CD Beam 7 m 22 96 ft 10 m for 212CD Draft 6 m 19 68 ft 7 m for 212CD Propulsion 1 MTU 16V 396 diesel engine 2 9 HDW Siemens PEM fuel cells 30 40 kW each U31 2 HDW Siemens PEM fuel cells 120 kW U32 U33 U34 1 Siemens Permasyn electric motor 1700 kW driving a single seven bladed skewback propeller Speed 20 knots 37 km h submerged 12 knots surfaced 6 Depth over 700 m 2 300 ft 4 Range 8 000 nautical miles 14 800 km or 9 196 miles at 8 knots 15 km h Endurance 3 weeks without snorkeling 12 weeks overall Armament 6 x 533 mm torpedo tubes in 2 forward pointing asymmetric groups of left 4 right 2 with 13 5 torpedoes or 24 tube mines 23 IDAS missiles 24 external naval mines optional Countermeasures Torpedo defence system Tau 4 launchers 40 jammers decoys Sensors STN Atlas DBQS40 sonar suite TAS 3 passive low frequency towed array sonar deployed from sail FAS 3 passive low and medium frequency hull mounted flank array sonar MOA 3070 mine detection sonar Periscopes Carl Zeiss SERO 14 with FLIR and optical rangefinder Carl Zeiss SERO 15 with laser rangefinder Riva Calzoni periscope masts and snorkeling systems Kelvin Hughes Type 1007 I band navigation radar EADS FL 1800U ESM suite WASS hydrophones Avio GAUDI autopilot and hydraulic systems Kongsberg MSI 91 combat system Crew complement 23 27 incl 5 officers See also EditList of submarine classes in service List of active German Navy ships List of active Italian Navy ships Submarines of similar comparison Type 214 submarine A class of export oriented diesel electric attack submarines also developed by ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems and currently operated by the Hellenic Navy the Portuguese Navy the Republic of Korea Navy and the Turkish Naval Forces Type 218SG submarine A class of extensively customised diesel electric attack submarines developed ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems and currently operated by the Republic of Singapore Navy Dolphin class submarine A class of extensively customised diesel electric attack submarines developed by ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems and currently operated by Israel Dakar class submarine A unique class of diesel electric attack submarines developed by ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems and currently being built for Israel Scorpene class submarine A class of export oriented diesel electric attack submarines jointly developed by Naval Group and Navantia and currently operated by the Chilean Navy the Royal Malaysian Navy the Indian Navy and the Brazilian Navy S 80 Plus submarine A class of conventionally powered attack submarines currently being built by Navantia for the Spanish Navy Blekinge class submarine is a class of submarine developed by Kockums for the Swedish Navy KSS III submarine A class of diesel electric attack submarines built by Daewoo Shipbuilding amp Marine Engineering and Hyundai Heavy Industries and operated by the Republic of Korea Navy Sōryu class submarine A class of diesel electric attack submarines built by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries for the Japan Maritime Self Defense Force Taigei class submarine A class of diesel electric attack submarines currently being built by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and Kawasaki Heavy Industries for the Japan Maritime Self Defense Force Type 039A submarine A class of diesel electric attack submarines operated by the People s Liberation Army Navy China and being built for the navies of the Royal Thai Navy and the Pakistan Navy Lada class submarine A class of diesel electric attack submarines being built for the Russian Navy References Edit a b TKMS baut sechs neue U Boote in Kiel TKMS builds six new U boats in Kiel in German 3 February 2017 a b MTU 16V 396 diesel engine Archived from the original on 6 December 2006 Retrieved 8 October 2006 Holger Naaf Die Brennstoffzelle auf U 212 A PDF German Bundesanstalt fur Wasserbau Wehrtechnische Dienststelle fur Schiffe und Marinewaffen Eckernforde 23 September 2008 a b Deutsche Marine TV Interview in German Retrieved 17 April 2007 a b Dette er ubatsjefens vate drom nyheter Dagbladet no 18 November 2010 Retrieved 27 December 2011 a b Uboote Klasse 212A Retrieved 19 August 2013 a b Classe Todaro page at Marina Militare website Retrieved 27 April 2010 Tom Bristow 29 November 2013 Poland gives thumbs down to German subs The Local Nachrichtenfernsehen n tv Bundeswehr bekommt neue U Boote Berg Bentzrod Sveinung 3 February 2017 Forsvaret kjoper nye ubater fra Tyskland The Armed Forces are purchasing new submarines from Germany Aftenposten in Norwegian Oslo Aftenposten AS Retrieved 3 February 2017 https www regjeringen no contentassets 3a2d2a3cfb694aa3ab4c6cb5649448d4 long term defence plan norway 2020 english summary pdf bare URL PDF Norway s new subs especially designed for covert shallow water operations TKMS to Build Six Type 212CD Submarines for German and Norwegian Navies 8 July 2021 DiGiulian Tony Torpedoes of Germany Post World War II www navweaps com Diehl BGT IDAS missile Archived from the original on 10 July 2008 Retrieved 11 July 2008 Erprobung des Lenkflugkorpers IDAS german Thomas Doug 2008 Submarine Developments Air Independent Propulsion PDF Canadian Naval Review Naming ceremony of fuel cell submarine U36 for the German Navy in Kiel ThyssenKrupp press release 15 May 2013 Roblin Sebastien 2017 Germany Does Not Have One Working Submarine The National Interest Retrieved 21 December 2017 Fincantieri delivers The submarine Romeo Romei Press release Trieste Fincantieri 11 May 2017 Retrieved 11 May 2017 https www fincantieri com it media comunicati stampa e news 2022 inizio attivita produttiva per il primo sottomarino nfs della marina militare a b c d Firmato il contratto per i Sottomarini U212 NFS Near Future Submarine Marina Militare Gaeth Klaus marine portraits de DEUTSCHE MARINE UBOOTE KLASSE 212A Auswahlseite www marine portraits de Bibliography EditKarr Hans 2014 Deutsche Uboote seit 1956 in German Stuttgart Motorbuch ISBN 9783613037083 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Type 212 submarine German Bundeswehr official Type 212A web page naval technology com U212 U214 Attack Submarines Germany German Type 212A deal bolsters submarine force Jane s Navy International 28 September 2006 Todaro S 526 Marina Militare websitePortals Italy Germany Engineering Military Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Type 212 submarine amp oldid 1087996823, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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