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The United States census of 1920, conducted by the Census Bureau during one month from January 5, 1920, determined the resident population of the United States to be 106,021,537, an increase of 15.0 percent over the 92,228,496 persons enumerated during the 1910 census.

Fourteenth census
of the United States

1910 January 5, 1920 1930

U.S. Census Bureau seal
General information
CountryUnited States
Results
Total population106,021,537 ( 15.0%)
Mostpopulous​stateNew York
10,385,227
Leastpopulous​stateNevada
77,407

Despite the constitutional requirement that House seats be reapportioned to the states respective of their population every ten years according to the census, members of Congress failed to agree on a reapportionment plan following this census, and the distribution of seats from the 1910 census remained in effect until 1933. In 1929, Congress passed the Reapportionment Act of 1929 which provided for a permanent method of reapportionment and fixed the number of Representatives at 435.

This was the first census in which a state – New York – recorded a population of more than ten million.

This census also marked a significant population shift from rural to urban. According to the Census Bureau, "Beginning in 1910, the minimum population threshold to be categorized as an urban place was set at 2,500. "Urban" was defined as including all territory, persons, and housing units within an incorporated area that met the population threshold. The 1920 census marked the first time in which over 50 percent of the U.S. population was defined as urban."

Contents

The 1920 census collected the following information:

  • Age
  • single
  • If foreign born, year of immigration to the U.S., whether naturalized and, if so, year of naturalization
  • School attendance
  • Literacy
  • State of residence
  • If foreign-born, the mother tongue
  • Ability to speak English
  • Occupation, industry, and class of worker
  • Whether home owned or rented, and, if owned, whether free or mortgaged

Full documentation for the 1920 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.

Rank State Population as of
1920 census
Population as of
1910 census
Change Percent
change
1 New York 10,385,227 9,113,614 1,271,613 14.0%
2 Pennsylvania 8,720,017 7,665,111 1,054,906 13.8%
3 Illinois 6,485,280 5,638,591 846,689 15.0%
4 Ohio 5,759,394 4,767,121 992,273 20.8%
5 Texas 4,663,228 3,896,542 766,686 19.7%
6 Massachusetts 3,852,356 3,366,416 485,940 14.4%
7 Michigan 3,668,412 2,810,173 858,239 30.5%
8 California 3,426,861 2,377,549 1,049,312 44.1%
9 Missouri 3,404,055 3,293,335 110,720 3.4%
10 New Jersey 3,155,900 2,537,167 618,733 24.4%
11 Indiana 2,930,390 2,700,876 229,514 8.5%
12 Georgia 2,895,832 2,609,121 286,711 11.0%
13 Wisconsin 2,632,067 2,333,860 298,207 12.8%
14 North Carolina 2,559,123 2,206,287 352,836 16.0%
15 Kentucky 2,416,630 2,289,905 126,725 5.5%
16 Iowa 2,404,021 2,224,771 179,250 8.1%
17 Minnesota 2,387,125 2,075,708 311,417 15.0%
18 Alabama 2,348,174 2,138,093 210,081 9.8%
19 Tennessee 2,337,885 2,184,789 153,096 7.0%
20 Virginia 2,309,187 2,061,612 247,575 12.0%
21 Oklahoma 2,028,283 1,657,155 371,128 22.4%
22 Louisiana 1,798,509 1,656,388 142,121 8.6%
23 Mississippi 1,790,618 1,797,114 -6,496 -0.4%
24 Kansas 1,769,257 1,690,949 78,308 4.6%
25 Arkansas 1,752,204 1,574,449 177,755 11.3%
26 South Carolina 1,683,724 1,515,400 168,324 11.1%
27 West Virginia 1,463,701 1,221,119 242,582 19.9%
28 Maryland 1,449,661 1,295,346 154,315 11.9%
29 Connecticut 1,380,631 1,114,756 265,875 23.9%
30 Washington 1,356,621 1,141,990 214,631 18.8%
31 Nebraska 1,296,372 1,192,214 104,158 8.7%
32 Florida 968,470 752,619 215,851 28.7%
33 Colorado 939,629 799,024 140,605 17.6%
34 Oregon 783,389 672,765 110,624 16.4%
35 Maine 768,014 742,371 25,643 3.5%
36 North Dakota 646,872 577,056 69,816 12.1%
37 South Dakota 636,547 583,888 52,659 9.0%
38 Rhode Island 604,397 542,610 61,787 11.4%
39 Montana 548,889 376,053 172,836 46.0%
40 Utah 449,396 373,351 76,045 20.4%
41 New Hampshire 443,083 430,572 12,511 2.9%
42 District of Columbia 437,571 331,069 106,502 32.2%
43 Idaho 431,866 325,594 106,272 32.6%
44 New Mexico 360,350 327,301 33,049 10.1%
45 Vermont 352,428 355,956 -3,528 -1.0%
46 Arizona 334,162 204,354 129,808 63.5%
47 Hawaii 255,881 191,874 64,007 33.4%
48 Delaware 223,003 202,322 20,681 10.2%
49 Wyoming 194,402 145,965 48,437 33.2%
50 Nevada 77,407 81,875 -4,468 -5.5%
51 Alaska 55,036 64,356 -9,320 -14.5%
United States Territories
Year of conquest or purchase Territory Population
1867 Alaska 55,036
1898 Hawaii 255,881
1898 Puerto Rico 1,299,809
1898 Guam 13,275
1898 Philippine Islands 10,314,310
1899 American Samoa N/A
1903 Panama Canal Zone N/A
1915 Haiti N/A
1916 Santo Domingo 894,652
1916 US Virgin Islands N/A
Rank City State Population Region (2016)
01 New York New York 5,620,048 Northeast
02 Chicago Illinois 2,701,705 Midwest
03 Philadelphia Pennsylvania 1,823,779 Northeast
04 Detroit Michigan 993,078 Midwest
05 Cleveland Ohio 796,841 Midwest
06 St. Louis Missouri 772,897 Midwest
07 Boston Massachusetts 748,060 Northeast
08 Baltimore Maryland 733,826 South
09 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 588,343 Northeast
10 Los Angeles California 576,673 West
11 Buffalo New York 506,775 Northeast
12 San Francisco California 506,676 West
13 Milwaukee Wisconsin 457,147 Midwest
14 Washington District of Columbia 437,571 South
15 Newark New Jersey 414,524 Northeast
16 Cincinnati Ohio 401,247 Midwest
17 New Orleans Louisiana 387,219 South
18 Minneapolis Minnesota 380,582 Midwest
19 Kansas City Missouri 324,410 Midwest
20 Seattle Washington 315,312 West
21 Indianapolis Indiana 314,194 Midwest
22 Jersey City New Jersey 298,103 Northeast
23 Rochester New York 295,750 Northeast
24 Portland Oregon 258,288 West
25 Denver Colorado 256,491 West
26 Toledo Ohio 243,164 Midwest
27 Providence Rhode Island 237,595 Northeast
28 Columbus Ohio 237,031 Midwest
29 Louisville Kentucky 234,891 South
30 Saint Paul Minnesota 234,698 Midwest
31 Oakland California 216,261 West
32 Akron Ohio 208,435 Midwest
33 Atlanta Georgia 200,616 South
34 Omaha Nebraska 191,601 Midwest
35 Worcester Massachusetts 179,754 Northeast
36 Birmingham Alabama 178,806 South
37 Syracuse New York 171,717 Northeast
38 Richmond Virginia 171,667 South
39 New Haven Connecticut 162,537 Northeast
40 Memphis Tennessee 162,351 South
41 San Antonio Texas 161,379 South
42 Dallas Texas 158,976 South
43 Dayton Ohio 152,559 Midwest
44 Bridgeport Connecticut 143,555 Northeast
45 Houston Texas 138,276 South
46 Hartford Connecticut 138,036 Northeast
47 Scranton Pennsylvania 137,783 Northeast
48 Grand Rapids Michigan 137,634 Midwest
49 Paterson New Jersey 135,875 Northeast
50 Youngstown Ohio 132,358 Midwest
51 Springfield Massachusetts 129,614 Northeast
52 Des Moines Iowa 126,468 Midwest
53 New Bedford Massachusetts 121,217 Northeast
54 Fall River Massachusetts 120,485 Northeast
55 Trenton New Jersey 119,289 Northeast
56 Nashville Tennessee 118,342 South
57 Salt Lake City Utah 118,110 West
58 Camden New Jersey 116,309 Northeast
59 Norfolk Virginia 115,777 South
60 Albany New York 113,344 Northeast
61 Lowell Massachusetts 112,759 Northeast
62 Wilmington Delaware 110,168 South
63 Cambridge Massachusetts 109,694 Northeast
64 Reading Pennsylvania 107,784 Northeast
65 Fort Worth Texas 106,482 South
66 Spokane Washington 104,437 West
67 Kansas City Kansas 101,177 Midwest
68 Yonkers New York 100,176 Northeast
69 Lynn Massachusetts 99,148 Northeast
70 Duluth Minnesota 98,917 Midwest
71 Tacoma Washington 96,965 West
72 Elizabeth New Jersey 95,783 Northeast
73 Lawrence Massachusetts 94,270 Northeast
74 Utica New York 94,156 Northeast
75 Erie Pennsylvania 93,372 Northeast
76 Somerville Massachusetts 93,091 Northeast
77 Waterbury Connecticut 91,715 Northeast
78 Flint Michigan 91,599 Midwest
79 Jacksonville Florida 91,558 South
80 Oklahoma City Oklahoma 91,295 South
81 Schenectady New York 88,723 Northeast
82 Canton Ohio 87,091 Midwest
83 Fort Wayne Indiana 86,549 Midwest
84 Evansville Indiana 85,264 Midwest
85 Savannah Georgia 83,252 South
86 Manchester New Hampshire 78,384 Northeast
87 St. Joseph Missouri 77,939 Midwest
88 Knoxville Tennessee 77,818 South
89 El Paso Texas 77,560 South
90 Bayonne New Jersey 76,754 Northeast
91 Peoria Illinois 76,121 Midwest
92 Harrisburg Pennsylvania 75,917 Northeast
93 San Diego California 74,683 West
94 Wilkes-Barre Pennsylvania 73,833 Northeast
95 Allentown Pennsylvania 73,502 Northeast
96 Wichita Kansas 72,217 Midwest
97 Tulsa Oklahoma 72,075 South
98 Troy New York 71,996 Northeast
99 Sioux City Iowa 71,227 Midwest
100 South Bend Indiana 70,983 Midwest

The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s, after which the original sheets were destroyed. (dead link). The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations also host images of the microfilmed census online, and digital indices.

Microdata from the 1920 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.

  1. "History: Urban and Rural". United States Census Bureau. RetrievedJune 16, 2020.
  2. "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790–1925". New York State Library. October 1981. pp. 45 (p. 51 of PDF). Archived from the original on January 30, 2009. RetrievedDecember 15, 2008.
  3. Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, 1998
  4. "Regions and Divisions". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. RetrievedSeptember 9, 2016.
  5. Algonquin Area Public Library District. "Census Secrets"(PDF). RetrievedMay 17, 2012.[permanent dead link]
Wikimedia Commons has media related to1920 United States Census.

1920 United States census Article Talk Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from U S Census 1920 The United States census of 1920 conducted by the Census Bureau during one month from January 5 1920 determined the resident population of the United States to be 106 021 537 an increase of 15 0 percent over the 92 228 496 persons enumerated during the 1910 census Fourteenth census of the United States 1910 January 5 1920 1930 U S Census Bureau sealGeneral informationCountryUnited StatesResultsTotal population106 021 537 15 0 Most populous wbr stateNew York 10 385 227Least populous wbr stateNevada 77 407 Despite the constitutional requirement that House seats be reapportioned to the states respective of their population every ten years according to the census members of Congress failed to agree on a reapportionment plan following this census and the distribution of seats from the 1910 census remained in effect until 1933 In 1929 Congress passed the Reapportionment Act of 1929 which provided for a permanent method of reapportionment and fixed the number of Representatives at 435 This was the first census in which a state New York recorded a population of more than ten million This census also marked a significant population shift from rural to urban According to the Census Bureau Beginning in 1910 the minimum population threshold to be categorized as an urban place was set at 2 500 Urban was defined as including all territory persons and housing units within an incorporated area that met the population threshold The 1920 census marked the first time in which over 50 percent of the U S population was defined as urban 1 Contents 1 Census questions 2 State rankings 3 Territories 4 City rankings 5 Data availability 6 Notes 7 External linksCensus questions EditThe 1920 census collected the following information 2 Age single If foreign born year of immigration to the U S whether naturalized and if so year of naturalization School attendance Literacy State of residence If foreign born the mother tongue Ability to speak English Occupation industry and class of worker Whether home owned or rented and if owned whether free or mortgaged Full documentation for the 1920 census including census forms and enumerator instructions is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series State rankings EditRank State Population as of 1920 census Population as of 1910 census Change Percent change1 New York 10 385 227 9 113 614 1 271 613 14 0 2 Pennsylvania 8 720 017 7 665 111 1 054 906 13 8 3 Illinois 6 485 280 5 638 591 846 689 15 0 4 Ohio 5 759 394 4 767 121 992 273 20 8 5 Texas 4 663 228 3 896 542 766 686 19 7 6 Massachusetts 3 852 356 3 366 416 485 940 14 4 7 Michigan 3 668 412 2 810 173 858 239 30 5 8 California 3 426 861 2 377 549 1 049 312 44 1 9 Missouri 3 404 055 3 293 335 110 720 3 4 10 New Jersey 3 155 900 2 537 167 618 733 24 4 11 Indiana 2 930 390 2 700 876 229 514 8 5 12 Georgia 2 895 832 2 609 121 286 711 11 0 13 Wisconsin 2 632 067 2 333 860 298 207 12 8 14 North Carolina 2 559 123 2 206 287 352 836 16 0 15 Kentucky 2 416 630 2 289 905 126 725 5 5 16 Iowa 2 404 021 2 224 771 179 250 8 1 17 Minnesota 2 387 125 2 075 708 311 417 15 0 18 Alabama 2 348 174 2 138 093 210 081 9 8 19 Tennessee 2 337 885 2 184 789 153 096 7 0 20 Virginia 2 309 187 2 061 612 247 575 12 0 21 Oklahoma 2 028 283 1 657 155 371 128 22 4 22 Louisiana 1 798 509 1 656 388 142 121 8 6 23 Mississippi 1 790 618 1 797 114 6 496 0 4 24 Kansas 1 769 257 1 690 949 78 308 4 6 25 Arkansas 1 752 204 1 574 449 177 755 11 3 26 South Carolina 1 683 724 1 515 400 168 324 11 1 27 West Virginia 1 463 701 1 221 119 242 582 19 9 28 Maryland 1 449 661 1 295 346 154 315 11 9 29 Connecticut 1 380 631 1 114 756 265 875 23 9 30 Washington 1 356 621 1 141 990 214 631 18 8 31 Nebraska 1 296 372 1 192 214 104 158 8 7 32 Florida 968 470 752 619 215 851 28 7 33 Colorado 939 629 799 024 140 605 17 6 34 Oregon 783 389 672 765 110 624 16 4 35 Maine 768 014 742 371 25 643 3 5 36 North Dakota 646 872 577 056 69 816 12 1 37 South Dakota 636 547 583 888 52 659 9 0 38 Rhode Island 604 397 542 610 61 787 11 4 39 Montana 548 889 376 053 172 836 46 0 40 Utah 449 396 373 351 76 045 20 4 41 New Hampshire 443 083 430 572 12 511 2 9 42 District of Columbia 437 571 331 069 106 502 32 2 43 Idaho 431 866 325 594 106 272 32 6 44 New Mexico 360 350 327 301 33 049 10 1 45 Vermont 352 428 355 956 3 528 1 0 46 Arizona 334 162 204 354 129 808 63 5 47 Hawaii 255 881 191 874 64 007 33 4 48 Delaware 223 003 202 322 20 681 10 2 49 Wyoming 194 402 145 965 48 437 33 2 50 Nevada 77 407 81 875 4 468 5 5 51 Alaska 55 036 64 356 9 320 14 5 Territories EditUnited States TerritoriesYear of conquest or purchase Territory Population1867 Alaska 55 0361898 Hawaii 255 8811898 Puerto Rico 1 299 8091898 Guam 13 2751898 Philippine Islands 10 314 3101899 American Samoa N A1903 Panama Canal Zone N A1915 Haiti N A1916 Santo Domingo 894 6521916 US Virgin Islands N ACity rankings EditRank City State Population 3 Region 2016 4 01 New York New York 5 620 048 Northeast02 Chicago Illinois 2 701 705 Midwest03 Philadelphia Pennsylvania 1 823 779 Northeast04 Detroit Michigan 993 078 Midwest05 Cleveland Ohio 796 841 Midwest06 St Louis Missouri 772 897 Midwest07 Boston Massachusetts 748 060 Northeast08 Baltimore Maryland 733 826 South09 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 588 343 Northeast10 Los Angeles California 576 673 West11 Buffalo New York 506 775 Northeast12 San Francisco California 506 676 West13 Milwaukee Wisconsin 457 147 Midwest14 Washington District of Columbia 437 571 South15 Newark New Jersey 414 524 Northeast16 Cincinnati Ohio 401 247 Midwest17 New Orleans Louisiana 387 219 South18 Minneapolis Minnesota 380 582 Midwest19 Kansas City Missouri 324 410 Midwest20 Seattle Washington 315 312 West21 Indianapolis Indiana 314 194 Midwest22 Jersey City New Jersey 298 103 Northeast23 Rochester New York 295 750 Northeast24 Portland Oregon 258 288 West25 Denver Colorado 256 491 West26 Toledo Ohio 243 164 Midwest27 Providence Rhode Island 237 595 Northeast28 Columbus Ohio 237 031 Midwest29 Louisville Kentucky 234 891 South30 Saint Paul Minnesota 234 698 Midwest31 Oakland California 216 261 West32 Akron Ohio 208 435 Midwest33 Atlanta Georgia 200 616 South34 Omaha Nebraska 191 601 Midwest35 Worcester Massachusetts 179 754 Northeast36 Birmingham Alabama 178 806 South37 Syracuse New York 171 717 Northeast38 Richmond Virginia 171 667 South39 New Haven Connecticut 162 537 Northeast40 Memphis Tennessee 162 351 South41 San Antonio Texas 161 379 South42 Dallas Texas 158 976 South43 Dayton Ohio 152 559 Midwest44 Bridgeport Connecticut 143 555 Northeast45 Houston Texas 138 276 South46 Hartford Connecticut 138 036 Northeast47 Scranton Pennsylvania 137 783 Northeast48 Grand Rapids Michigan 137 634 Midwest49 Paterson New Jersey 135 875 Northeast50 Youngstown Ohio 132 358 Midwest51 Springfield Massachusetts 129 614 Northeast52 Des Moines Iowa 126 468 Midwest53 New Bedford Massachusetts 121 217 Northeast54 Fall River Massachusetts 120 485 Northeast55 Trenton New Jersey 119 289 Northeast56 Nashville Tennessee 118 342 South57 Salt Lake City Utah 118 110 West58 Camden New Jersey 116 309 Northeast59 Norfolk Virginia 115 777 South60 Albany New York 113 344 Northeast61 Lowell Massachusetts 112 759 Northeast62 Wilmington Delaware 110 168 South63 Cambridge Massachusetts 109 694 Northeast64 Reading Pennsylvania 107 784 Northeast65 Fort Worth Texas 106 482 South66 Spokane Washington 104 437 West67 Kansas City Kansas 101 177 Midwest68 Yonkers New York 100 176 Northeast69 Lynn Massachusetts 99 148 Northeast70 Duluth Minnesota 98 917 Midwest71 Tacoma Washington 96 965 West72 Elizabeth New Jersey 95 783 Northeast73 Lawrence Massachusetts 94 270 Northeast74 Utica New York 94 156 Northeast75 Erie Pennsylvania 93 372 Northeast76 Somerville Massachusetts 93 091 Northeast77 Waterbury Connecticut 91 715 Northeast78 Flint Michigan 91 599 Midwest79 Jacksonville Florida 91 558 South80 Oklahoma City Oklahoma 91 295 South81 Schenectady New York 88 723 Northeast82 Canton Ohio 87 091 Midwest83 Fort Wayne Indiana 86 549 Midwest84 Evansville Indiana 85 264 Midwest85 Savannah Georgia 83 252 South86 Manchester New Hampshire 78 384 Northeast87 St Joseph Missouri 77 939 Midwest88 Knoxville Tennessee 77 818 South89 El Paso Texas 77 560 South90 Bayonne New Jersey 76 754 Northeast91 Peoria Illinois 76 121 Midwest92 Harrisburg Pennsylvania 75 917 Northeast93 San Diego California 74 683 West94 Wilkes Barre Pennsylvania 73 833 Northeast95 Allentown Pennsylvania 73 502 Northeast96 Wichita Kansas 72 217 Midwest97 Tulsa Oklahoma 72 075 South98 Troy New York 71 996 Northeast99 Sioux City Iowa 71 227 Midwest100 South Bend Indiana 70 983 MidwestData availability EditThe original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s after which the original sheets were destroyed 5 dead link The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Archives and Records Administration Several organizations also host images of the microfilmed census online and digital indices Microdata from the 1920 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series Aggregate data for small areas together with electronic boundary files can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System Notes Edit History Urban and Rural United States Census Bureau Retrieved June 16 2020 Library Bibliography Bulletin 88 New York State Census Records 1790 1925 New York State Library October 1981 pp 45 p 51 of PDF Archived from the original on January 30 2009 Retrieved December 15 2008 Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States 1790 to 1990 U S Census Bureau 1998 Regions and Divisions U S Census Bureau Archived from the original on December 3 2016 Retrieved September 9 2016 Algonquin Area Public Library District Census Secrets PDF Retrieved May 17 2012 permanent dead link External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to 1920 United States Census 1921 U S Census Report Contains 1920 census results Historic US Census data 1920 Census census gov population www censusdata PopulationofStatesandCountiesoftheUnitedStates1790 1990 pdf 1920 census on archive org Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title 1920 United States census amp oldid 1090842395, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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