fbpx
Wikipedia

Ulcinj (Cyrillic:Улцињ, pronounced ; Albanian: Ulqin or Ulqini; Turkish: Ülgün; Italian: Dulcigno) is a town on the southern coast of Montenegro and the capital of Ulcinj Municipality. It has an urban population of 10,707 (2011), the majority being Albanians.

Ulcinj
Улцињ
Ulqin
Ulcinj
Location within Montenegro
Coordinates:41°55′N19°12′E /41.92°N 19.20°E /41.92; 19.20Coordinates: 41°55′N19°12′E /41.92°N 19.20°E /41.92; 19.20
CountryMontenegro
Municipality Ulcinj
Settlements39
Government
• MayorOmer Bajraktari (URA)
• Ruling coalitionURASDSDPAAPDForca
Area
Town and municipality255 km2 (98 sq mi)
Population
(2011 census)
• Density79.47/km2 (205.8/sq mi)
Urban
10,707
Rural
9,214
• Municipality
19,921
Demonym(s)Ulcinjani
Ulqinakë
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
85360
Area code+382 30
ISO 3166-2 codeME-20
Car platesUL
WebsiteOfficial Website

As one of the oldest settlements in the Adriatic coast, it was founded in 5th century BC. It was captured by the Romans in 163 BC from the Illyrians. With the division of the Roman Empire, it became part of the Byzantine Empire. It was known as a base for piracy.

During the Middle Ages it was under South Slavic rule for a few centuries. In 1405 it became part of the Republic of Venice.

In 1571 Ulcinj was conquered by the Ottoman Empire with the aid of North African corsairs after the Battle of Lepanto. The town was renamed Ülgün and gradually became a Muslim-majority settlement. Under the Ottomans, numerous oriental-style hammams, mosques, and clock towers were built. Ulcinj remained a den of piracy until this was finally put to an end by Mehmed Pasha Bushati. In 1673, the self-proclaimed Jewish Messiah Sabbatai Zevi was exiled here from Istanbul.

The Venetians attempted to capture the town twice, in 1696 and 1718, but were unsuccessful on both occasions.

During the 19th century, the town began to regain its position as a flourishing port. The geographer Antonio Baldacci reported a merchant marine of 500 ships plying the trade routes between the Adriatic and Mediterranean coasts.

Ulcinj remained an Ottoman town for more than 300 years until it was ceded to the Principality of Montenegro in 1878. It is a former medieval Catholic bishopric and remains a Latin titular see.

Ulcinj is a destination for tourists, because of its Long Beach, Lake Šas, Ada Bojana Island and for its two-millennia-old Ulcinj Castle. There are 26 mosques in the town and surrounding countryside. Ulcinj is the centre of the Albanian community in Montenegro.

Contents

Early historian Livy (59 BC–AD 17) mentioned it, as did Pliny the Elder (23–79), who mentioned it as Olcinium, its old name Colchinium, "founded by [settlers from] Colchis" (Olchinium quod antea Colchinium dictum est a Colchis conditum). Ptolemy (90–168) mentions the city as Greek Oulkinion (Ουλκίνιον). Although the ancient writers preferred a connection with Cholchis, the name of the settlement appears to be connected with the Albanian word ujk or ulk (meaning wolf in English), from Proto-Albanian *(w)ulka, from Proto-Indo-European *wĺ̥kʷos. The name, through Late (Vulgar) Roman, became Middle Latin Ulcinium, Italian: Dulcigno (pronounced ), and Dolchin. Slavic: Ulcinj, Albanian: Ulqin or Ulqini and Turkish: Ülgün. Old Serbian: Льцин, Ульцин.

Neighbourhoods

  • Çarshia (mn. Čaršija), is a neighbourhood and town centre which connects the old and new parts (neighbourhoods). In 2009 it was reconstructed, with the asphalt being changed into sett and the water and electrical system were changed. The neighbourhood has some 200 shops. It has an oriental atmosphere. There are two mosques located in this area, the Namazgjahu Mosque and Kryepazari Mosque.

Antiquity

Ulcinj is an ancient seaport. The wider area of Ulcinj has been inhabited since the Bronze Age, based on dating of Illyrian tombs (tumuli) found in the village of Zogaj, in the vicinity of Ulcinj. The town is believed to have been founded in the 5th century BC by colonists from Colchis, as mentioned in the 3rd century BC poem by Apollonius of Rhodes. Illyrians lived in the region at the time as there are traces of immense Cyclopean walls still visible in the old Citadel.

All the way in the pre-medieval period, Ulcinj was known as one of the pirate capitals of the Adriatic Sea. This is also seen during the later period of Illyrian Kingdom. Inhabitants of Ulcinj were known before time of Christ, especially from 20 BC to around 300 AD, to be very confrontational to those who were foreigners to their land; they were especially meticulous about border disputes as well.

Roman

Roman Doclea

In 168 BC, during the Third Illyrian War, Olcinium broke with Gentius and defected to the Romans (Livy 45:26:2). Under Roman rule the town received the status of oppidum civium Romanorum (settlement of Roman citizens), only to be later granted municipium (independent town) status. A section of their re-fortification can be distinguished from the Illyrio-Greek by the rustication of the walls.

The Periplus Maris Erythraei names several Indian ports from where large ships sailed in an easterly direction to Khruse (Kruče - seaside village in Ulcinj).

After the division of the Roman Empire, Ulcinj became a part of the Byzantine province of Prevalis and the population converted to Christianity. From Medieval times, and quiet likely earlier, it was regarded as an important trading and maritime center and still maintained the status of city autonomy. From circa 820, the city was the see of a Diocese of Ulcinj, which was only suppressed in 1532, and would be revived as a Latin titular bishopric.

Medieval period

In the 9th century, it was in the Dyrrhachium theme, a military governorate of the Byzantine Empire. In 1010, Tsar Samuel of Bulgaria (r. 997-1014†) failed to conquer the town during the war against the Byzantines.

By 1040, archon Stefan Vojislav of Duklja conquered the region. In 1183, Serbian Prince Stefan Nemanja conquered Olcinium and the town prospered as one of the most significant coastal towns. Ulcinj remained in Nemanjić hands in their Kingdom and Empire, and after the death of Emperor Dušan (r. 1331-1355†), the region, known as Lower Zeta, was under the supervision of gospodin Žarko, a voivode of Emperor Uroš the Weak until his death in 1360. Žarko's lands were then held by the Balšić family. Under Balšić control, Ulcinj continued to be an important town and also minted coins. The Balšić Tower in the upper part of the Old Town was built by the Balšić noble family in the late 14th century.

Venetian and Ottoman rule

Map of Ülgün (named Dulcigno in the Italian-made map) in 1573 by Simon Pinargenti

In 1405 the Venetians conquered the town. Under Venetian control, the city was renamed Dulcigno in Italian, and it was incorporated in the Albania Veneta. The Venetians maintained control until 1571, when the Ottoman Turks conquered Dulcigno with the help of Barbary pirates, who didn't leave the town after conquering. It was renamed Ülgün and remained within the Ottoman domain for over 300 years, during which time its far-reaching reputation as a lair of pirates was established.According to historian Luigi Paulucci at the time of the Venetians the town was half Albanian, a quarter Venetian and one quarter Slavic.

In the 17th century a self-proclaimed Jewish Messiah named Sabbatai Zevi caused turmoil throughout the Turkish Empire with his evangelizing, which attracted thousands of followers. He was eventually captured and exiled to Ulcinj in 1666, where he died quietly ten years later. He was buried in the courtyard of a Muslim house which is still preserved as a mausoleum; along with two Jewish altars in the Balšic Tower.

In 1867, Ulcinj became a kaza of the İşkodra sanjak of Rumeli veyalet. After the Congress of Berlin in 1878, borders between Montenegro and the Ottoman Empire were redrawn, with Plav and Gusinje being ceded to Montenegro. But Muslim Albanian resistance prevented the Montenegrins from taking over Plav and Gusinje, so the Great Powers in 1880 decided to reverse the territorial transfer and offered Ulcinj to Montenegro as compensation.

After the city's annexation to Montenegro, of its 8,000-strong population about 3,000 Albanians left and settled elsewhere in northern Albania. 142 Montenegrin families were brought to settle in the outskirts of Ulcinj in the 1880s. The population of Ulcinj steadily decreased until the post-WWII period.

20th century to present

Ulcinj fish market in 1908

Ulcinj became a part of the Kingdom of Montenegro from 1878 until 1918 when Montenegro was absorbed into the Kingdom of Serbia for a short time before all would be incorporated into the first of the Yugoslav federations at the end of the year. Ulcinj remained within a Montenegrin entity whilst a South Slavic state had existed until 2006 when which it became part of an independent Montenegro following a referendum.

During the 20th century, Ulcinj survived heavy declines and new ascents. Ulcinj was the second biggest town of Montenegro when it joined the kingdom in 1880. In just three decades, it backslided to 6th place for economic development and number of inhabitants (after Podgorica, Niksic, Cetinje, Tivar and Plava). During World War I Ulcinj was conquered by Austria-Hungary in 1916 and Italy on November 4, 1918, and since 1920 it was part of the Serbo-Croatian-Slovenian Kingdom, later known as the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

As the southernmost city of the coast of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Ulcinj had a strong turnaround in the 1930s with the development of the tourist industry. At that time hotels were built such as Krištja, Republic, Jadran and Koop (later Galeb). World War II halted economic momentum. From 1941 to 1944, Ulcinj was under the Albanian administration. On November 7, 1943, Ulcinj was bombarded by Allied forces, with over 46 people killed and many more injured. The Yugoslav Partisans took Ulcinj on November 26, 1944, and the city become part of Socialist Yugoslavia.

The 1950s and 1960s marked the greatest period of economic development for Ulcinj, with the construction of a range of modern hotels in the city and the Great Plain, as well as major economic collectives (NHT "Riviera of Ulcinj", "Agroulqini", Primary Building Company, "Otrantkomerc", "Ultep" and others). In the catastrophic earthquake on April 15, 1979, the city was severely damaged, but after only a few years, with the solidarity of the citizens of entire Yugoslavia, it was quickly renovated. Ulcinj at the end of the eighties had about 40 percent of the tourist turnover in Montenegro, while two-thirds of the guests were foreign, mostly German.

During the Kosovo War, in 1998 and 1999, thousands of Kosovo Albanians flocked to Ulcinj and its surroundings, where they were welcomed in the best possible conditions by the ethnic Albanian population of Ulcinj and the surrounding area.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19484,385
19534,919+12.2%
19615,705+16.0%
19717,459+30.7%
19819,140+22.5%
199110,025+9.7%
200310,828+8.0%
201110,707−1.1%

Ulcinj is the administrative centre of Ulcinj Municipality, which has a population of 19,921. The town of Ulcinj itself has a population of 10,707. Ulcinj Municipality is the centre of the Albanian community in Montenegro. It is one of two municipalities in Montenegro where Albanians form the majority with 70%, the other being Tuzi with a 68% majority.

Population of Ulcinj (municipality) by gender
City Population
Female
9,983(50.11%)
Male
9,938(49.89%)
Population of Ulcinj (town) by gender
City Population
Female
5,441(50.82%)
Male
5,266(49.18%)

Ethnicity, language and religion

The majority ethnic group in Ulcinj are Albanians. The largest spoken language is Albanian.

Population by ethnicity (2011 census):

Population of Ulcinj (municipality) by ethnicity
Albanians
70.66%
Montenegrins
12.44%
Bosniaks
6.12%
Serbs
5.75%
Roma/Egyptians
1.17%
other
3.86%
Population of Ulcinj (town) by ethnicity
Albanians
60.89%
Montenegrins
17.07%
Serbs
8.54%
Bosniaks
7.30%
Roma/Egyptians
2.12%
other
4.08%

Population by mother tongue (2011 census):

Population of Ulcinj (municipality) by mother tongue
Albanian
72.04%
Serbian
11.97%
Montenegrin
10.73%
Bosnian
1.04%
other
4.22%
Population of Ulcinj (town) by mother tongue
Albanian
62.29%
Serbian
18.18%
Montenegrin
13.73%
Bosnian
1.19%
other
4.61%

Population by religion (2011 census):

Population of Ulcinj (municipality) by religion
Muslims
71.82%
Orthodox
14.88%
Catholics
11.02%
other
2.28%
Population of Ulcinj (town) by religion
Muslims
68.15%
Orthodox
22.65%
Catholics
6.45%
other
2.75%

Ulcinj is a tourist destination in summer. In January 2010, the New York Times named ranked the south coast region of Montenegro, featuring Velika Plaza, Ada Bojana, and the Hotel Mediteran, as one of "The Top 31 Places to Go in 2010".

Although Ulcinj is still undiscovered by many travelers from larger countries, repeat tourists and an increasing amount of first-time visitors make it a hot spot for vacationers between the months of May and September. It is most famous for its sandy beaches.[citation needed] The most valuable resource of the Ulcinj riviera is Velika plaža (Albanian: Plazha e Madhe; English: Long Beach), which is a 12 km (7.5 mi) long stretch of sandy beach and the longest beach on the Montenegrin coast. There is a small pebble beach called Ladies Beach which folk tradition holds to have qualities conducive to fertility.

There is also a beach called Mala Plaža (Albanian: Plazha e Vogël; English: Small Beach) which is much smaller in size, but is located in the centre of town and very popular with visitors. "The Korzo", as it is called by locals, is a promenade which separates a street lined with coffee shops from Mala plaža. At night during the summer months, the Korzo is pedestrianised and families and young people gather. There are many more less known smaller beaches that serve as get-aways from the main tourist areas. Ulcinj has also a large number of religious buildings like mosques, türbes and churches, including Pasha's Mosque, Sailors' Mosque and St. Nicholas' Church.

Ulcinj's old town is a well preserved castle-looking community that is left over from medieval times. The old town sits atop a mountain overlooking the shore and is a tourist attraction on its own. Ada Bojana (Albanian: Buna) is popular among foreign tourists from Western Europe for its peace and atmosphere.[citation needed] A large naturist campsite is located in Ada Bojana. Lake Šas and Ulcinj's salt pond are visited by birdwatchers, because Ulcinj and its surroundings are major resting points for over 200 bird species on their migration paths. There are numerous cafés, discos, and bars that dot the city that are usually filled to capacity throughout the summer. The majority of tourists that visit Ulcinj are Albanians, Serbians, Croatians, Bosnians, Slovenians, Macedonians, Russians, Ukrainians, and other Europeans.

Ulcinj Panorama
Montenegrin name Albanian name Location Language(s)
Elementary schools
Osnovna škola "Boško Strugar" Shkolla Fillore "Boshko Strugar" Ulcinj Montenegrin & Albanian
Osnovna škola "Maršal Tito" Shkolla Fillore "Marshal Tito" Ulcinj Montenegrin & Albanian
Osnovna škola "Bedri Elezaga" Shkolla Fillore "Bedri Elezaga" Vladimir Albanian
Osnovna škola "Marko Nuculović" Shkolla Fillore "Mark Nuculloviq" Donji Štoj Montenegrin & Albanian
High schools
Srednja mješovita škola "Bratstvo i jedinstvo" Shkolla e Mesme e Kombinuar "Vëllazërim Bashkim" Ulcinj Montenegrin & Albanian
Gimnazija "Drita" Gjimnazi "Drita" Ulcinj Albanian

The Ulcinj "south coast" region is well known for its active sports, recreation possibilities and hunting . Kitesurfing at Ada Bojana, all manner of water sports at Velika plaža, scuba diving among wrecks and sunken cities, mountain biking, hiking, orienteering, cycling through the olive groves at Valdanos, long walks along the pristine beaches of the south coast of Montenegro, even deep sea fishing on the Adriatic, lake fishing at Lake Skadar, and river fishing in Ada Bojana, Due to the fact that the favorable habitat for wild life, has excellent conditions of hunting tourism. This place is the haven of ornithological (gourmand) hunting in Reč and Shenkol most common wildlife are woodcock, Hare, Wild boar, and ducks.

List of sport clubs in Ulcinj:

Name Sport Competing Founded
Montenegrin name Albanian name
Fudbalski klub "Otrant" Klubi Fudbolistik "Otrant" Football Montenegrin Second League 1921
Košarkaški klub "Ulcinj" Klubi i Basketbollit "Ulcinj" Basketball Montenegrin Basketball League 1976
RK Ulcinj Klubi i Hendbollit "Ulcinj" Handball Montenegrin First League of Men's Handball
Teniski klub "Bellevue" Klubi i Tenisit "Bellevue" Tennis 2009
Omladinski fudbalski klub "Federal" Klubi Futbolistik Rinor "Federall" Football South Region League 2007
Karate klub "Champions" Klubi i Karates "Champions" Karate
Karate Klub "Ulcinj" Klubi i Karates "Ulqini" Karate
Stonoteniski Klub "Valdanos" Klubi i Ping Pongut "Valdanos" Table Tennis Cadet,Junior,Senior Montenegrin League 2012

Ulcinj has a borderline humid subtropical (Cfa) and Mediterranean climate (Csa) in the Köppen climate classification, since only one summer month has less than 40 mm (1.6 in) of rainfall, preventing it from being classified as solely humid subtropical or Mediterranean. Winters are cool and very rainy, and summers are hot and humid with possible afternoon thunder showers. Unlike Podgorica which is located inland, temperatures rarely exceed 35 °C (95 °F) and seldom drop below 0 °C (32 °F).

Climate data for Ulcinj, Montenegro (1961–1990, extremes 1949–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.6
(67.3)
26.7
(80.1)
26.8
(80.2)
31.7
(89.1)
33.9
(93.0)
37.6
(99.7)
41.1
(106.0)
41.0
(105.8)
35.8
(96.4)
32.6
(90.7)
27.9
(82.2)
20.7
(69.3)
41.1
(106.0)
Average high °C (°F) 10.7
(51.3)
11.6
(52.9)
14.7
(58.5)
17.9
(64.2)
22.1
(71.8)
26.2
(79.2)
29.2
(84.6)
29.2
(84.6)
26.1
(79.0)
21.3
(70.3)
16.1
(61.0)
12.1
(53.8)
19.8
(67.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.1
(44.8)
7.9
(46.2)
10.6
(51.1)
13.6
(56.5)
17.9
(64.2)
21.7
(71.1)
24.4
(75.9)
24.2
(75.6)
21.2
(70.2)
16.8
(62.2)
12.2
(54.0)
8.6
(47.5)
15.5
(59.9)
Average low °C (°F) 4.1
(39.4)
4.7
(40.5)
7.2
(45.0)
10.1
(50.2)
14.1
(57.4)
17.8
(64.0)
20.2
(68.4)
20.1
(68.2)
17.3
(63.1)
13.1
(55.6)
9.0
(48.2)
5.6
(42.1)
11.9
(53.5)
Record low °C (°F) −8.4
(16.9)
−8.3
(17.1)
−5
(23)
0.4
(32.7)
5.2
(41.4)
8.9
(48.0)
12.3
(54.1)
10.6
(51.1)
8.6
(47.5)
1.1
(34.0)
−2.2
(28.0)
−5.6
(21.9)
−8.4
(16.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 149.3
(5.88)
137.9
(5.43)
115.7
(4.56)
115.2
(4.54)
66.9
(2.63)
46.5
(1.83)
25.2
(0.99)
48.6
(1.91)
84.6
(3.33)
148.2
(5.83)
173.7
(6.84)
146.1
(5.75)
1,257.9
(49.52)
Average precipitation days(≥ 0.1 mm) 12 12 12 12 8 7 4 4 7 10 13 12 113
Average relative humidity (%) 66 64 66 70 71 69 62 63 66 67 69 67 67
Mean monthly sunshine hours 121.3 126.8 170.5 202.3 263.7 299.2 349.9 319.6 255.8 195.7 134.6 118.2 2,557.6
Source: Hydrological and Meteorological Service of Montenegro
Community Health Centre in Ulcinj

Ulcinj is connected with the rest of Montenegro by a two-lane highway. It is connected with other coastal towns by the Adriatic Motorway. Reaching inland is made possible by detouring from the Adriatic Motorway at Budva or Sutomore (through the Sozina tunnel).

As of today, there are no airports in the city of Ulcinj. However, nearby airports in Tivat and Podgorica are both around 70 km (43 mi) away. There are regular flights to Belgrade and Zürich from Tivat. Podgorica Airport has regular flights to major Europe and destinations throughout the year. Many tourists traveling to Ulcinj from abroad arrive to the city from the airport in Tivat due to its recent renovations and general ease of navigation. There are also intercity buses that connect to other towns in the country and buses that go to Serbia, Albania, Northern Macedonia, Greece, and Germany (during tourist seasons) as well Flex bus operates in this area connecting to Bana Luka (Bosnia) and Dubrovnik.

Ulcinj is a founding member of the Union of Albanian Municipalities in the Region. Ulcinj is twinned with:

Cooperation and friendship

Ulcinj also cooperates with:

References

  1. "Visit Ulcinj". Inspire your travels - latest. 18 February 2018. Retrieved2021-06-18.
  2. "Statistical Office of Montenegro". MONSTAT. Retrieved2021-06-18.
  3. "Ulcinj". Discover Montenegro. 2016-04-20. Retrieved2021-06-18.
  4. "The Ulcinj pirates – TO Ulcinj". TO Ulcinj – Welcome to TO Ulcinj. Retrieved2021-06-18.
  5. "The History of Ulcinj". Visit Montenegro. Retrieved2021-06-18.
  6. Čoralić, Lovorka (2011). "Verita d'alcuni heretici": The archbishop of Bar vs the count of Ulcinj - Two accusations, two testimonies (the sixteenth century)". Acta Histriae. 19 (3): 407–418.
  7. "Ulcinj". My Guide Montenegro. Retrieved2021-06-18.
  8. "Ulcinj travel - Montenegro, Europe". Lonely Planet. 2019-09-08. Retrieved2021-06-18.
  9. "Montenegro - People". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved2021-06-18.
  10. Pavle Mijović (1970). Tragom drevnih kultura Crne Gore. Grafički zavod. p. 35.
  11. C. Praschniker; A. Schober (1976). Arch?ologische Forschungen in Albanien und Montenegro. Рипол Классик. pp. 82–. ISBN 978-5-87379-103-3.
  12. "16". Claudii Ptolemaei Geographia edidit Carolus Fridericus Augustus Nobbe. Vol. 1. sumptibus et typis Caroli Tauchnitii. 1843. p. 134.
  13. Wilkes, John (1992). The Illyrians. Wiley. p. 244. ISBN 9780631146711. "Names of individuals peoples may have been formed in a similar fashion, Taulantii from ‘swallow’ (cf. the Albanian tallandushe) or Erchelei the ‘eel-men’ and Chelidoni the ‘snail-men’. The name of the Delmatae appears connected with the Albanian word for ‘sheep’ delmë) and the Dardanians with for ‘pear’ (dardhë). Some place names appear to have similar derivations, including Olcinium (Ulcinj from ‘wolf’ (ukas), although the ancients preferred a connection with Cholchis."
  14. Birnbaum, Henrik; Puhvel, Jaan (1963). "The Position of Albanian". Ancient Indo-European Dialects. University of California Press. p. 108.
  15. Orel, Vladimir (1998). Albanian etymological dictionary. Brill. p. 484. ISBN 9004110240.
  16. Jireček, Konstantin (1984). Istorija Srba. p. 267.
  17. Rellie, Annalisa (2012). Montenegro. Bradt Travel Guides Ltd, IDC House, The Vale, Chalfront St Peter, Bucks SL9 9RZ, England: The Globe Pequot Press Inc. pp. 207–208. ISBN 978-1-84162-381-8. Retrieved2013-06-20.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location (link)
  18. Donkin, Robin A. (2003), Between East and West: The Moluccas and the Traffic in Spices Up to the Arrival of Europeans, Diane Publishing Company, ISBN 0-87169-248-1, page. 64
  19. Paulucci, Luigi (2005). Le Bocche di Cattaro nel 1810 Edizioni Italo Svevo. Trieste.
  20. Poláčková & Van Duin 2013, p. 80.
  21. "Gazzetta Ufficiale del Regno d'Italia N. 261 del 6 Novembre 1918". Gazzetta Ufficiale del Regno d'Italia. 6 November 1918. Retrieved5 May 2019.
  22. LTKU (1989), fq. 46
  23. Ćetković: DPS i Forca hoće da brišu istoriju Ulcinja
  24. Ružna strana lepote Ulcinja
  25. Williams, Gisela (7 January 2010). "The 31 Places to Go in 2010: 24. Montenegro". New York Times.
  26. Peel, M. C. et al Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 2007, Volume 11(1027–5606) pp1633–1644 DOI 10.5194 Hess-11-1633-2007.
  27. "Climate: Bar" (in Montenegrin). Hydrological and Meteorological Service of Montenegro. Retrieved6 March 2021.
  28. "Dnevni prosjeci i ekstremi" (in Montenegrin). Hydrological and Meteorological Service of Montenegro. Retrieved6 March 2021.
  29. "Zyrtarizohet UBSHR, mbledh Konferencën e parë" (in Albanian). Unioni i Bashkive Shqiptare (UBSHR). 21 November 2016. Archived from the original on 2 October 2021. Retrieved3 October 2021.
  30. "Politikat Lokale – Bashk olitikat Lokale – Bashkëpunimi Ndërkomunal në K ëpunimi Ndërkomunal në Kosovë" (in Albanian). University for Business and Technology (UBT). p. 42. Archived from the original on 12 August 2021. Retrieved3 October 2021.
  31. "Bratimljenje"(PDF). database.uom.me (in Montenegrin). Zajednica opština Crne Gore. January 2013. p. 53. Retrieved2021-07-07.
  32. "Vendim për binjakëzimin e Komunës së Decanit me Komunën e Ulqinit" [Decision on the twinning of the Municipality of Decani with the Municipality of Ulcinj](PDF) (in Albanian). Deçan Municipality. 31 July 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  33. ""Bratimljenje" Lukavca i Ulcinja od posebne važnosti za privrednu saradnju". opcina.lukavac.ba (in Bosnian). Lukavac. 2015-05-12. Retrieved2021-07-07.
  34. "Ceremonia në Serik: Nënshkruhet protokolli për binjakëzim". ul-info.com (in Albanian). UL Info. 2014-09-05. Retrieved2021-07-07.
  35. "Nishani dekoron Cafo Beg Ulqinin me Titullin "Kalorës i Urdhrit të Skënderbeut" - Video". 20 April 2016.

Sources

Ulcinj Article Talk Language Watch Edit Ulcinj Cyrillic Ulciњ pronounced ǔlt siɲ Albanian Ulqin or Ulqini Turkish Ulgun Italian Dulcigno is a town on the southern coast of Montenegro and the capital of Ulcinj Municipality 1 It has an urban population of 10 707 2011 the majority being Albanians 2 Ulcinj Ulciњ UlqinTown and municipalityFlagCoat of armsUlcinjLocation within MontenegroCoordinates 41 55 N 19 12 E 41 92 N 19 20 E 41 92 19 20 Coordinates 41 55 N 19 12 E 41 92 N 19 20 E 41 92 19 20Country MontenegroMunicipalityUlcinjSettlements39Government MayorOmer Bajraktari URA Ruling coalitionURA SD SDP AA PD ForcaArea Town and municipality255 km2 98 sq mi Population 2011 census Density79 47 km2 205 8 sq mi Urban10 707 Rural9 214 Municipality19 921Demonym s Ulcinjani UlqinakeTime zoneUTC 1 CET Summer DST UTC 2 CEST Postal code85360Area code 382 30ISO 3166 2 codeME 20Car platesULWebsiteOfficial Website As one of the oldest settlements in the Adriatic coast it was founded in 5th century BC It was captured by the Romans in 163 BC from the Illyrians With the division of the Roman Empire it became part of the Byzantine Empire 3 It was known as a base for piracy 4 During the Middle Ages it was under South Slavic rule for a few centuries In 1405 it became part of the Republic of Venice In 1571 Ulcinj was conquered by the Ottoman Empire with the aid of North African corsairs after the Battle of Lepanto The town was renamed Ulgun and gradually became a Muslim majority settlement Under the Ottomans numerous oriental style hammams mosques and clock towers were built Ulcinj remained a den of piracy until this was finally put to an end by Mehmed Pasha Bushati In 1673 the self proclaimed Jewish Messiah Sabbatai Zevi was exiled here from Istanbul The Venetians attempted to capture the town twice in 1696 and 1718 but were unsuccessful on both occasions During the 19th century the town began to regain its position as a flourishing port The geographer Antonio Baldacci reported a merchant marine of 500 ships plying the trade routes between the Adriatic and Mediterranean coasts Ulcinj remained an Ottoman town for more than 300 years until it was ceded to the Principality of Montenegro in 1878 5 It is a former medieval Catholic bishopric and remains a Latin titular see 6 Ulcinj is a destination for tourists because of its Long Beach Lake Sas Ada Bojana Island and for its two millennia old Ulcinj Castle 7 There are 26 mosques in the town and surrounding countryside 8 Ulcinj is the centre of the Albanian community in Montenegro 9 Contents 1 Names 2 Geography 2 1 Neighbourhoods 3 History 3 1 Antiquity 3 2 Roman 3 3 Medieval period 3 4 Venetian and Ottoman rule 3 5 20th century to present 4 Population 4 1 Ethnicity language and religion 5 Tourism 6 Education 7 Sports and recreation 8 Climate 9 Transport 10 International relations 10 1 Cooperation and friendship 11 Notable people 12 Bibliography 12 1 References 12 2 SourcesNames EditEarly historian Livy 59 BC AD 17 mentioned it 10 as did Pliny the Elder 23 79 11 who mentioned it as Olcinium its old name Colchinium founded by settlers from Colchis Olchinium quod antea Colchinium dictum est a Colchis conditum 11 Ptolemy 90 168 mentions the city as Greek Oulkinion Oylkinion 12 Although the ancient writers preferred a connection with Cholchis the name of the settlement appears to be connected with the Albanian word ujk or ulk meaning wolf in English 13 14 from Proto Albanian w ulka from Proto Indo European wĺ kʷos 15 The name through Late Vulgar Roman became Middle Latin Ulcinium Italian Dulcigno pronounced dulˈtʃiɲɲo and Dolchin Slavic Ulcinj Albanian Ulqin or Ulqini and Turkish Ulgun Old Serbian Lcin Ulcin 16 Geography EditNeighbourhoods Edit Carshia mn Carsija is a neighbourhood and town centre which connects the old and new parts neighbourhoods In 2009 it was reconstructed with the asphalt being changed into sett and the water and electrical system were changed The neighbourhood has some 200 shops It has an oriental atmosphere There are two mosques located in this area the Namazgjahu Mosque and Kryepazari Mosque History EditAntiquity Edit Ulcinj is an ancient seaport 17 The wider area of Ulcinj has been inhabited since the Bronze Age based on dating of Illyrian tombs tumuli found in the village of Zogaj in the vicinity of Ulcinj The town is believed to have been founded in the 5th century BC by colonists from Colchis as mentioned in the 3rd century BC poem by Apollonius of Rhodes Illyrians lived in the region at the time as there are traces of immense Cyclopean walls still visible in the old Citadel 17 All the way in the pre medieval period Ulcinj was known as one of the pirate capitals of the Adriatic Sea This is also seen during the later period of Illyrian Kingdom Inhabitants of Ulcinj were known before time of Christ especially from 20 BC to around 300 AD to be very confrontational to those who were foreigners to their land they were especially meticulous about border disputes as well Roman Edit Roman Doclea In 168 BC during the Third Illyrian War Olcinium broke with Gentius and defected to the Romans Livy 45 26 2 Under Roman rule the town received the status of oppidum civium Romanorum settlement of Roman citizens only to be later granted municipium independent town status A section of their re fortification can be distinguished from the Illyrio Greek by the rustication of the walls 17 The Periplus Maris Erythraei names several Indian ports from where large ships sailed in an easterly direction to Khruse Kruce seaside village in Ulcinj 18 After the division of the Roman Empire Ulcinj became a part of the Byzantine province of Prevalis and the population converted to Christianity From Medieval times and quiet likely earlier it was regarded as an important trading and maritime center and still maintained the status of city autonomy 17 From circa 820 the city was the see of a Diocese of Ulcinj which was only suppressed in 1532 and would be revived as a Latin titular bishopric Medieval period Edit In the 9th century it was in the Dyrrhachium theme a military governorate of the Byzantine Empire In 1010 Tsar Samuel of Bulgaria r 997 1014 failed to conquer the town during the war against the Byzantines By 1040 archon Stefan Vojislav of Duklja conquered the region In 1183 Serbian Prince Stefan Nemanja conquered Olcinium and the town prospered as one of the most significant coastal towns Ulcinj remained in Nemanjic hands in their Kingdom and Empire and after the death of Emperor Dusan r 1331 1355 the region known as Lower Zeta was under the supervision of gospodin Zarko a voivode of Emperor Uros the Weak until his death in 1360 Zarko s lands were then held by the Balsic family Under Balsic control Ulcinj continued to be an important town and also minted coins The Balsic Tower in the upper part of the Old Town was built by the Balsic noble family in the late 14th century Venetian and Ottoman rule Edit Map of Ulgun named Dulcigno in the Italian made map in 1573 by Simon Pinargenti In 1405 the Venetians conquered the town Under Venetian control the city was renamed Dulcigno in Italian and it was incorporated in the Albania Veneta The Venetians maintained control until 1571 when the Ottoman Turks conquered Dulcigno with the help of Barbary pirates who didn t leave the town after conquering It was renamed Ulgun and remained within the Ottoman domain for over 300 years during which time its far reaching reputation as a lair of pirates was established 17 According to historian Luigi Paulucci at the time of the Venetians the town was half Albanian a quarter Venetian and one quarter Slavic 19 In the 17th century a self proclaimed Jewish Messiah named Sabbatai Zevi caused turmoil throughout the Turkish Empire with his evangelizing which attracted thousands of followers He was eventually captured and exiled to Ulcinj in 1666 where he died quietly ten years later He was buried in the courtyard of a Muslim house which is still preserved as a mausoleum along with two Jewish altars in the Balsic Tower 17 In 1867 Ulcinj became a kaza of the Iskodra sanjak of Rumeli veyalet After the Congress of Berlin in 1878 borders between Montenegro and the Ottoman Empire were redrawn with Plav and Gusinje being ceded to Montenegro But Muslim Albanian resistance prevented the Montenegrins from taking over Plav and Gusinje so the Great Powers in 1880 decided to reverse the territorial transfer and offered Ulcinj to Montenegro as compensation After the city s annexation to Montenegro of its 8 000 strong population about 3 000 Albanians left and settled elsewhere in northern Albania 142 Montenegrin families were brought to settle in the outskirts of Ulcinj in the 1880s The population of Ulcinj steadily decreased until the post WWII period 20 20th century to present Edit Ulcinj fish market in 1908 Ulcinj became a part of the Kingdom of Montenegro from 1878 until 1918 when Montenegro was absorbed into the Kingdom of Serbia for a short time before all would be incorporated into the first of the Yugoslav federations at the end of the year Ulcinj remained within a Montenegrin entity whilst a South Slavic state had existed until 2006 when which it became part of an independent Montenegro following a referendum During the 20th century Ulcinj survived heavy declines and new ascents Ulcinj was the second biggest town of Montenegro when it joined the kingdom in 1880 In just three decades it backslided to 6th place for economic development and number of inhabitants after Podgorica Niksic Cetinje Tivar and Plava During World War I Ulcinj was conquered by Austria Hungary in 1916 and Italy on November 4 1918 21 and since 1920 it was part of the Serbo Croatian Slovenian Kingdom later known as the Kingdom of Yugoslavia As the southernmost city of the coast of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia Ulcinj had a strong turnaround in the 1930s with the development of the tourist industry At that time hotels were built such as Kristja Republic Jadran and Koop later Galeb World War II halted economic momentum From 1941 to 1944 Ulcinj was under the Albanian administration On November 7 1943 Ulcinj was bombarded by Allied forces with over 46 people killed and many more injured The Yugoslav Partisans took Ulcinj on November 26 1944 and the city become part of Socialist Yugoslavia 22 23 24 The 1950s and 1960s marked the greatest period of economic development for Ulcinj with the construction of a range of modern hotels in the city and the Great Plain as well as major economic collectives NHT Riviera of Ulcinj Agroulqini Primary Building Company Otrantkomerc Ultep and others In the catastrophic earthquake on April 15 1979 the city was severely damaged but after only a few years with the solidarity of the citizens of entire Yugoslavia it was quickly renovated Ulcinj at the end of the eighties had about 40 percent of the tourist turnover in Montenegro while two thirds of the guests were foreign mostly German During the Kosovo War in 1998 and 1999 thousands of Kosovo Albanians flocked to Ulcinj and its surroundings where they were welcomed in the best possible conditions by the ethnic Albanian population of Ulcinj and the surrounding area Population EditHistorical populationYearPop 19484 385 19534 919 12 2 19615 705 16 0 19717 459 30 7 19819 140 22 5 199110 025 9 7 200310 828 8 0 201110 707 1 1 Ulcinj is the administrative centre of Ulcinj Municipality which has a population of 19 921 The town of Ulcinj itself has a population of 10 707 Ulcinj Municipality is the centre of the Albanian community in Montenegro It is one of two municipalities in Montenegro where Albanians form the majority with 70 the other being Tuzi with a 68 majority Population of Ulcinj municipality by gender City PopulationFemale 9 983 50 11 Male 9 938 49 89 Population of Ulcinj town by gender City PopulationFemale 5 441 50 82 Male 5 266 49 18 Ethnicity language and religion Edit The majority ethnic group in Ulcinj are Albanians The largest spoken language is Albanian Population by ethnicity 2011 census Population of Ulcinj municipality by ethnicityAlbanians 70 66 Montenegrins 12 44 Bosniaks 6 12 Serbs 5 75 Roma Egyptians 1 17 other 3 86 Population of Ulcinj town by ethnicityAlbanians 60 89 Montenegrins 17 07 Serbs 8 54 Bosniaks 7 30 Roma Egyptians 2 12 other 4 08 Population by mother tongue 2011 census Population of Ulcinj municipality by mother tongueAlbanian 72 04 Serbian 11 97 Montenegrin 10 73 Bosnian 1 04 other 4 22 Population of Ulcinj town by mother tongueAlbanian 62 29 Serbian 18 18 Montenegrin 13 73 Bosnian 1 19 other 4 61 Population by religion 2011 census Population of Ulcinj municipality by religionMuslims 71 82 Orthodox 14 88 Catholics 11 02 other 2 28 Population of Ulcinj town by religionMuslims 68 15 Orthodox 22 65 Catholics 6 45 other 2 75 Tourism Edit The old town of Ulcinj Ulcinj is a tourist destination in summer In January 2010 the New York Times named ranked the south coast region of Montenegro featuring Velika Plaza Ada Bojana and the Hotel Mediteran as one of The Top 31 Places to Go in 2010 25 Although Ulcinj is still undiscovered by many travelers from larger countries repeat tourists and an increasing amount of first time visitors make it a hot spot for vacationers between the months of May and September It is most famous for its sandy beaches citation needed The most valuable resource of the Ulcinj riviera is Velika plaza Albanian Plazha e Madhe English Long Beach which is a 12 km 7 5 mi long stretch of sandy beach and the longest beach on the Montenegrin coast There is a small pebble beach called Ladies Beach which folk tradition holds to have qualities conducive to fertility There is also a beach called Mala Plaza Albanian Plazha e Vogel English Small Beach which is much smaller in size but is located in the centre of town and very popular with visitors The Korzo as it is called by locals is a promenade which separates a street lined with coffee shops from Mala plaza At night during the summer months the Korzo is pedestrianised and families and young people gather There are many more less known smaller beaches that serve as get aways from the main tourist areas Ulcinj has also a large number of religious buildings like mosques turbes and churches including Pasha s Mosque Sailors Mosque and St Nicholas Church Ulcinj s old town is a well preserved castle looking community that is left over from medieval times The old town sits atop a mountain overlooking the shore and is a tourist attraction on its own Ada Bojana Albanian Buna is popular among foreign tourists from Western Europe for its peace and atmosphere citation needed A large naturist campsite is located in Ada Bojana Lake Sas and Ulcinj s salt pond are visited by birdwatchers because Ulcinj and its surroundings are major resting points for over 200 bird species on their migration paths There are numerous cafes discos and bars that dot the city that are usually filled to capacity throughout the summer The majority of tourists that visit Ulcinj are Albanians Serbians Croatians Bosnians Slovenians Macedonians Russians Ukrainians and other Europeans Ulcinj PanoramaEducation EditMontenegrin name Albanian name Location Language s Elementary schoolsOsnovna skola Bosko Strugar Shkolla Fillore Boshko Strugar Ulcinj Montenegrin amp AlbanianOsnovna skola Marsal Tito Shkolla Fillore Marshal Tito Ulcinj Montenegrin amp AlbanianOsnovna skola Bedri Elezaga Shkolla Fillore Bedri Elezaga Vladimir AlbanianOsnovna skola Marko Nuculovic Shkolla Fillore Mark Nuculloviq Donji Stoj Montenegrin amp AlbanianHigh schoolsSrednja mjesovita skola Bratstvo i jedinstvo Shkolla e Mesme e Kombinuar Vellazerim Bashkim Ulcinj Montenegrin amp AlbanianGimnazija Drita Gjimnazi Drita Ulcinj AlbanianSports and recreation EditThe Ulcinj south coast region is well known for its active sports recreation possibilities and hunting Kitesurfing at Ada Bojana all manner of water sports at Velika plaza scuba diving among wrecks and sunken cities mountain biking hiking orienteering cycling through the olive groves at Valdanos long walks along the pristine beaches of the south coast of Montenegro even deep sea fishing on the Adriatic lake fishing at Lake Skadar and river fishing in Ada Bojana Due to the fact that the favorable habitat for wild life has excellent conditions of hunting tourism This place is the haven of ornithological gourmand hunting in Rec and Shenkol most common wildlife are woodcock Hare Wild boar and ducks List of sport clubs in Ulcinj Name Sport Competing FoundedMontenegrin name Albanian nameFudbalski klub Otrant Klubi Fudbolistik Otrant Football Montenegrin Second League 1921Kosarkaski klub Ulcinj Klubi i Basketbollit Ulcinj Basketball Montenegrin Basketball League 1976RK Ulcinj Klubi i Hendbollit Ulcinj Handball Montenegrin First League of Men s HandballTeniski klub Bellevue Klubi i Tenisit Bellevue Tennis 2009Omladinski fudbalski klub Federal Klubi Futbolistik Rinor Federall Football South Region League 2007Karate klub Champions Klubi i Karates Champions KarateKarate Klub Ulcinj Klubi i Karates Ulqini KarateStonoteniski Klub Valdanos Klubi i Ping Pongut Valdanos Table Tennis Cadet Junior Senior Montenegrin League 2012Climate EditUlcinj has a borderline humid subtropical Cfa and Mediterranean climate Csa in the Koppen climate classification since only one summer month has less than 40 mm 1 6 in of rainfall preventing it from being classified as solely humid subtropical or Mediterranean 26 Winters are cool and very rainy and summers are hot and humid with possible afternoon thunder showers Unlike Podgorica which is located inland temperatures rarely exceed 35 C 95 F and seldom drop below 0 C 32 F Climate data for Ulcinj Montenegro 1961 1990 extremes 1949 present Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YearRecord high C F 19 6 67 3 26 7 80 1 26 8 80 2 31 7 89 1 33 9 93 0 37 6 99 7 41 1 106 0 41 0 105 8 35 8 96 4 32 6 90 7 27 9 82 2 20 7 69 3 41 1 106 0 Average high C F 10 7 51 3 11 6 52 9 14 7 58 5 17 9 64 2 22 1 71 8 26 2 79 2 29 2 84 6 29 2 84 6 26 1 79 0 21 3 70 3 16 1 61 0 12 1 53 8 19 8 67 6 Daily mean C F 7 1 44 8 7 9 46 2 10 6 51 1 13 6 56 5 17 9 64 2 21 7 71 1 24 4 75 9 24 2 75 6 21 2 70 2 16 8 62 2 12 2 54 0 8 6 47 5 15 5 59 9 Average low C F 4 1 39 4 4 7 40 5 7 2 45 0 10 1 50 2 14 1 57 4 17 8 64 0 20 2 68 4 20 1 68 2 17 3 63 1 13 1 55 6 9 0 48 2 5 6 42 1 11 9 53 5 Record low C F 8 4 16 9 8 3 17 1 5 23 0 4 32 7 5 2 41 4 8 9 48 0 12 3 54 1 10 6 51 1 8 6 47 5 1 1 34 0 2 2 28 0 5 6 21 9 8 4 16 9 Average precipitation mm inches 149 3 5 88 137 9 5 43 115 7 4 56 115 2 4 54 66 9 2 63 46 5 1 83 25 2 0 99 48 6 1 91 84 6 3 33 148 2 5 83 173 7 6 84 146 1 5 75 1 257 9 49 52 Average precipitation days 0 1 mm 12 12 12 12 8 7 4 4 7 10 13 12 113Average relative humidity 66 64 66 70 71 69 62 63 66 67 69 67 67Mean monthly sunshine hours 121 3 126 8 170 5 202 3 263 7 299 2 349 9 319 6 255 8 195 7 134 6 118 2 2 557 6Source Hydrological and Meteorological Service of Montenegro 27 28 Transport Edit Community Health Centre in Ulcinj Ulcinj is connected with the rest of Montenegro by a two lane highway It is connected with other coastal towns by the Adriatic Motorway Reaching inland is made possible by detouring from the Adriatic Motorway at Budva or Sutomore through the Sozina tunnel As of today there are no airports in the city of Ulcinj However nearby airports in Tivat and Podgorica are both around 70 km 43 mi away There are regular flights to Belgrade and Zurich from Tivat Podgorica Airport has regular flights to major Europe and destinations throughout the year Many tourists traveling to Ulcinj from abroad arrive to the city from the airport in Tivat due to its recent renovations and general ease of navigation There are also intercity buses that connect to other towns in the country and buses that go to Serbia Albania Northern Macedonia Greece and Germany during tourist seasons as well Flex bus operates in this area connecting to Bana Luka Bosnia and Dubrovnik International relations EditSee also List of twin towns and sister cities in Montenegro Ulcinj is a founding member of the Union of Albanian Municipalities in the Region 29 30 Ulcinj is twinned with 31 Berat Albania Decan Kosovo 32 Liesing Vienna Austria Lukavac Bosnia and Herzegovina 33 Serik Turkey 34 Stari Grad Sarajevo Bosnia and Herzegovina Uzhhorod Ukraine Cooperation and friendship Edit Ulcinj also cooperates with Durres AlbaniaNotable people EditĐurađ II Balsic Lord of Zeta from 1385 to 1403 member of the Balsic noble family Jelena Balsic daughter of Lazar of Serbia author of Goricki zbornik first woman writer in South Slavs Gjon Buzuku Catholic priest who wrote the first known printed book in Albanian Pjeter Gjoka actor and People s Artist of Albania Rizo Surla photographer and actor of African descent John VIII or Giovanni Bruni archbishop of Bar 1551 1571 Adrian Lulgjuraj Montenegrin Albanian singer Ndoc Martini painter Alex Rudaj Albanian American mobster Lika Ceni Captain and Pirate Commander Rade Tovladijac Serbian comic book artist Mark Gjonaj Albanian American politician Mujo Ulqinaku Albanian officer and a People s Hero of Albania Sabbatai Zevi Izmir born mystic founder of the Jewish Sabbatean movement Andrej Nikolaidis writer Cafo Beg Ulqini Leader of Second League of Prizren and Knight of the Order of Skandebeg 35 Bozidar Đuraskovic athlete Vladimir Mihailovic basketball playerBibliography EditReferences Edit Visit Ulcinj Inspire your travels latest 18 February 2018 Retrieved 2021 06 18 Statistical Office of Montenegro MONSTAT Retrieved 2021 06 18 Ulcinj Discover Montenegro 2016 04 20 Retrieved 2021 06 18 The Ulcinj pirates TO Ulcinj TO Ulcinj Welcome to TO Ulcinj Retrieved 2021 06 18 The History of Ulcinj Visit Montenegro Retrieved 2021 06 18 Coralic Lovorka 2011 Verita d alcuni heretici The archbishop of Bar vs the count of Ulcinj Two accusations two testimonies the sixteenth century Acta Histriae 19 3 407 418 Ulcinj My Guide Montenegro Retrieved 2021 06 18 Ulcinj travel Montenegro Europe Lonely Planet 2019 09 08 Retrieved 2021 06 18 Montenegro People Encyclopedia Britannica Retrieved 2021 06 18 Pavle Mijovic 1970 Tragom drevnih kultura Crne Gore Graficki zavod p 35 a b C Praschniker A Schober 1976 Arch ologische Forschungen in Albanien und Montenegro Ripol Klassik pp 82 ISBN 978 5 87379 103 3 16 Claudii Ptolemaei Geographia edidit Carolus Fridericus Augustus Nobbe Vol 1 sumptibus et typis Caroli Tauchnitii 1843 p 134 Wilkes John 1992 The Illyrians Wiley p 244 ISBN 9780631146711 Names of individuals peoples may have been formed in a similar fashion Taulantii from swallow cf the Albanian tallandushe or Erchelei the eel men and Chelidoni the snail men The name of the Delmatae appears connected with the Albanian word for sheep delme and the Dardanians with for pear dardhe Some place names appear to have similar derivations including Olcinium Ulcinj from wolf ukas although the ancients preferred a connection with Cholchis Birnbaum Henrik Puhvel Jaan 1963 The Position of Albanian Ancient Indo European Dialects University of California Press p 108 Orel Vladimir 1998 Albanian etymological dictionary Brill p 484 ISBN 9004110240 Jirecek Konstantin 1984 Istorija Srba p 267 a b c d e f Rellie Annalisa 2012 Montenegro Bradt Travel Guides Ltd IDC House The Vale Chalfront St Peter Bucks SL9 9RZ England The Globe Pequot Press Inc pp 207 208 ISBN 978 1 84162 381 8 Retrieved 2013 06 20 a href wiki Template Cite book title Template Cite book cite book a CS1 maint location link Donkin Robin A 2003 Between East and West The Moluccas and the Traffic in Spices Up to the Arrival of Europeans Diane Publishing Company ISBN 0 87169 248 1 page 64 Paulucci Luigi 2005 Le Bocche di Cattaro nel 1810 Edizioni Italo Svevo Trieste Polackova amp Van Duin 2013 p 80 Gazzetta Ufficiale del Regno d Italia N 261 del 6 Novembre 1918 Gazzetta Ufficiale del Regno d Italia 6 November 1918 Retrieved 5 May 2019 LTKU 1989 fq 46 Cetkovic DPS i Forca hoce da brisu istoriju Ulcinja Ruzna strana lepote Ulcinja Williams Gisela 7 January 2010 The 31 Places to Go in 2010 24 Montenegro New York Times Peel M C et al Updated world map of the Koppen Geiger climate classification Hydrol Earth Syst Sci 2007 Volume 11 1027 5606 pp1633 1644 DOI 10 5194 Hess 11 1633 2007 Climate Bar in Montenegrin Hydrological and Meteorological Service of Montenegro Retrieved 6 March 2021 Dnevni prosjeci i ekstremi in Montenegrin Hydrological and Meteorological Service of Montenegro Retrieved 6 March 2021 Zyrtarizohet UBSHR mbledh Konferencen e pare in Albanian Unioni i Bashkive Shqiptare UBSHR 21 November 2016 Archived from the original on 2 October 2021 Retrieved 3 October 2021 Politikat Lokale Bashk olitikat Lokale Bashkepunimi Nderkomunal ne K epunimi Nderkomunal ne Kosove in Albanian University for Business and Technology UBT p 42 Archived from the original on 12 August 2021 Retrieved 3 October 2021 Bratimljenje PDF database uom me in Montenegrin Zajednica opstina Crne Gore January 2013 p 53 Retrieved 2021 07 07 Vendim per binjakezimin e Komunes se Decanit me Komunen e Ulqinit Decision on the twinning of the Municipality of Decani with the Municipality of Ulcinj PDF in Albanian Decan Municipality 31 July 2015 a href wiki Template Cite web title Template Cite web cite web a CS1 maint url status link Bratimljenje Lukavca i Ulcinja od posebne vaznosti za privrednu saradnju opcina lukavac ba in Bosnian Lukavac 2015 05 12 Retrieved 2021 07 07 Ceremonia ne Serik Nenshkruhet protokolli per binjakezim ul info com in Albanian UL Info 2014 09 05 Retrieved 2021 07 07 Nishani dekoron Cafo Beg Ulqinin me Titullin Kalores i Urdhrit te Skenderbeut Video 20 April 2016 Sources Edit Polackova Zuzana Van Duin Peter 2013 Montenegro Old and New History Politics Culture and the People PDF Studia Politica Slovaca VI 1 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Ulcinj amp oldid 1093443810, wikipedia, wiki, book,

books

, library,

article

, read, download, free, free download, mp3, video, mp4, 3gp, jpg, jpeg, gif, png, picture, music, song, movie, book, game, games.