fbpx
Wikipedia

"ECOSOC" redirects here. For the political ideology, see Eco-socialism.

The United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC; French: Conseil économique et social des Nations unies,CESNU) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, responsible for coordinating the economic and social fields of the organization, specifically in regards to the fifteen specialised agencies, the eight functional commissions, and the five regional commissions under its jurisdiction.

United Nations Economic and Social Council
United Nations Economic and Social Council chamber at United Nations headquarters
AbbreviationECOSOC
Formation26 June 1945; 76 years ago (1945-06-26)
FounderArcot Ramasamy Mudaliar
TypePrincipal organ of the United Nations
Legal statusActive
HeadquartersNew York City, United States; Geneva, Switzerland
Collen Vixen Kelapile
Parent organization
United Nations
Websitewww.un.org/ecosoc
African States (14)

Asia-Pacific States (11)

Eastern European States (6)

Latin American and Caribbean States (10)

Western European and Other States (13)

Politics portal

ECOSOC serves as the central forum for discussing international economic and social issues, and formulating policy recommendations addressed to member states and the United Nations System. It has 54 members. In addition to a rotating membership of 54 UN member states, over 1,600 nongovernmental organizations have consultative status with the Council to participate in the work of the United Nations.

ECOSOC holds one four-week session each year in July, and since 1998 has also held an annual meeting in April with finance ministers heading key committees of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Additionally, the High-Level Political Forum (HLPF), which reviews the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, is convened under the auspices of the Council every July.

Contents

The president of the Council is elected for a one-year term and chosen from the small or medium sized states represented on the Council at the beginning of each new session. The presidency rotates among the United Nations Regional Groups to ensure equal representation.

Collen Vixen Kelapile was elected as the seventy-seventh president of the Council on 23 July 2021, succeeding Munir Akram of Pakistan.

The Council consists of 54 Member States, which are elected yearly by the General Assembly for overlapping three-year terms. Seats on the Council are allocated ensuring equitable geographic rotation among the United Nations regional groups, with 14 being allocated to the African Group, 11 to the Asia-Pacific Group, 6 to the Eastern European Group, 10 to the Latin American and Caribbean Group and 13 to the Western European and Others Group.

Current and future members

Term African States (14) Asia-Pacific States (11) Eastern European
States
(6)
Latin American &
Caribbean States
(10)
Western European &
Other States
(13)
1 January 2022 – 31 December 2024 Côte d'Ivoire
Tunisia
Tanzania
Eswatini
Mauritius
Afghanistan (UN currently does not recognize ruling Taliban government of Afghanistan, which was denied UN representation in December 2021)
India
Oman
Kazakhstan
Croatia
Czech Republic
Belize
Chile
Peru
Belgium
Italy
Canada
United States
1 January 2021 – 31 December 2023
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Nigeria
Zimbabwe
Indonesia
Japan
Solomon Islands
Bulgaria Argentina
Bolivia
Guatemala
Mexico
Austria
France
Israel
Portugal
United Kingdom
1 January 2020 – 31 December 2022 Benin
Botswana
Congo
Gabon
Bangladesh
China
Republic of Korea
Thailand
Latvia
Montenegro
Russian Federation
Colombia
Nicaragua
Panama
Denmark
Finland
Greece
New Zealand

Observer Inter-Governmental Autonomous Organisations

Participation on a continuing basis:

Participation on an ad hoc basis:

Functional commissions

Active

The following are the active functional commission of the Council:

Disbanded

The following commissions were disbanded by the Council and replaced by other bodies:

Regional commissions

The following are the active regional commissions of the Council:

The following are some of the other bodies that the Council oversees in some capacity:

Standing committees

Expert bodies

Other subsidiary bodies

  • System Chief Executives Board for Coordination (CEB)
  • High-Level Committee on Management (HLCM)
  • High-Level Committee on Programmes (HLCP)

The specialized agencies of the United Nations are autonomous organizations working within the United Nations System, meaning that while they report their activities to the Economic and Social Council, they are mostly free to their own devices. Each agency must negotiate with the Council as to what their relationship will look and work like. This leads to a system where different organizations maintain different types of relationships with the Council. Some were created before the United Nations existed and were integrated into the system, others were created by the League of Nations and were integrated by its successor, while others were created by the United Nations itself to meet emerging needs.

The following is a list of the specialized agencies reporting to the Council:

In a report issued in early July 2011, the UN called for spending nearly US$2 trillion on green technologies to prevent what it termed "a major planetary catastrophe", warning that "It is rapidly expanding energy use, mainly driven by fossil fuels, that explains why humanity is on the verge of breaching planetary sustainability boundaries through global warming, biodiversity loss, and disturbance of the nitrogen-cycle balance and other measures of the sustainability of the earth's ecosystem".

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon added: "Rather than viewing growth and sustainability as competing goals on a collision course, we must see them as complementary and mutually supportive imperatives". The report concluded that "Business as usual is not an option".

The governance of the multilateral system has historically been complex and fragmented. This has limited the capacity of ECOSOC to influence international policies in trade, finance, and investment. Reform proposals aim to enhance the relevance and contribution of the council. A major reform was approved by the 2005 World Summit based on proposals submitted by secretary-general Kofi Annan. The Summit aimed to establish ECOSOC as a quality platform for high-level engagement among member states and with international financial institutions, the private sector, and civil society on global trends, policies, and action. It resolved to hold biennial high-level Development Cooperation Forums at the national-leadership level, transforming the high-level segment of the Council to review trends in international development cooperation and promote greater coherence in development activities. At the Summit it was also decided to hold annual ministerial-level substantive reviews to assess progress in achieving internationally agreed on development goals (particularly the Millennium Development Goals). These "Annual Ministerial Reviews" will be replaced by the High-Level Political Forum from 2016 onwards after the new post-MDG/post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals are agreed upon.

Subsequent proposals by the High-Level Panel Report on System-Wide Coherence in November 2006 aimed to establish a forum within the ECOSOC as a counter-model to the exclusive clubs of the G8 and G20. The Forum was to comprise 27 heads of state (L27, corresponding to half of ECOSOC's membership) to meet annually and provide international leadership in the development area. This proposal, however, was not approved by the General Assembly.

The Economic and Social Council Chamber in the United Nations Conference Building was a gift from Sweden. It was conceived by Swedish architect Sven Markelius, one of the 11 architects in the international team that designed the UN headquarters. Wood from Swedish pine trees was used in the delegates' area for the railings and doors.

The pipes and ducts in the ceiling above the public gallery were deliberately left exposed; the architect believed that anything useful could be left uncovered. The "unfinished" ceiling is a symbolic reminder that the economic and social work of the United Nations is never finished; there will always be something more that can be done to improve living conditions for the world's people.

  1. "Background Information". ECOSOC.
  2. "High-Level Political Forum 2020 (HLPF 2020) .:. Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform". sustainabledevelopment.un.org. Retrieved2020-01-27.
  3. Basu, Rumki (2019). The United Nations. Sterling. p. 83. ISBN 978-81-207-2775-5.
  4. Mu Xuequan (27 July 2018). "UN ECOSOC Elects New President". Xinhuanet. Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved25 February 2019.
  5. "United Nations Official Document, Rule 20.2". un.org. Retrieved2020-09-15.
  6. "ECOSOC President 2021 His Excellency Collen Vixen Kelapile". un.org. Retrieved2021-08-13.
  7. "President of ECOSOC". ECOSOC. n.d. Retrieved26 July 2018.
  8. "Members". UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC and SOCIAL COUNCIL. Retrieved18 September 2019.
  9. "General Assembly Elects 19 Economic and Social Council Members to Terms Beginning 1 January 2020, Adopts Resolution Commemorating Signing of United Nations Charter". United Nations Meetings Coverage & Press Releases. United Nations. 14 June 2019. Retrieved1 January 2020.
  10. "Announcement of 22 new members for 2022 term". UN ECOSOC President - Official Twitter Account of UN ECOSOC.
  11. The United Nations currently recognizes the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan as the government of Afghanistan instead of the de facto ruling government, the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
  12. Gladstone, Rick (2021-12-01). "U.N. Seats Denied, for Now, to Afghanistan's Taliban and Myanmar's Junta". New York Times. Archived fromthe original on 2021-12-28. Retrieved2022-04-07.
  13. "Turkish diplomat elected President of historic 75th UN General Assembly". UN News. New York. 17 June 2020. Retrieved20 June 2020.
  14. ECOSOC observers, Part V Archived 22 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  15. "Subsidiary Bodies of ECOSOC". United Nations Economic and Social Council. United Nations. n.d. Retrieved25 February 2019.
  16. Manhire, Vanessa, ed. (2019). "United Nations Handbook 2019–20". United Nations Handbook : An Annual Guide for Those Working with and within the United Nations (57th ed.). Wellington: Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of New Zealand: 144–198. ISSN 0110-1951.
  17. "UN Creates New Human Rights Body". BBC. London. 15 March 2006. Retrieved25 February 2019.
  18. "United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC)". UIA Open Yearbook. Union of International Associations. n.d. Retrieved25 August 2020.
  19. "United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD)". UIA Open Yearbook. Union of International Associations. n.d. Retrieved25 February 2019.
  20. United Nations General Assembly Session 67 Resolution 290. Format and Organizational Aspects of the High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development A/RES/67/290 9 July 2013. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  21. Cohn, Theodore H. (2016-05-05). Global Political Economy: Theory and Practice. Routledge. ISBN 9781317334828.
  22. "UN Specialized Agencies". Globalization 101. The Levin Institute. Retrieved25 February 2019.
  23. Kurtas, Susan. "Research Guides: UN System Documentation: Specialized Agencies". research.un.org. Retrieved2020-12-13.
  24. "Funds, Programmes, Specialized Agencies and Others". United Nations. United Nations. n.d. Retrieved25 February 2019.
  25. "World Economic and Social Survey 2011 | Department of Economic and Social Affairs". www.un.org. Retrieved2022-02-27.
  26. "The World Economic and Social Survey 2011: The Great Green Technological Transformation'". Thaindian News. Retrieved23 February 2011.
  27. Ian Williams, "Annan has paid his dues". The Guardian, 19 September 2005
  28. "Session 18: Reviewing and monitoring progress: What have we learned and how can it advance implementation? .:. Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform". sustainabledevelopment.un.org. Retrieved2020-03-18.
  29. "Turkmenistan Elected to ECOSOC for 2019-2021 - The Gazette of Central Asia". gca.satrapia.com. Retrieved2020-03-18.
  30. Singh, S. "Project Work of Political Science". scribd. scribd. Retrieved9 February 2021.
  31. UN website.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toUnited Nations Economic and Social Council.

United Nations Economic and Social Council Article Talk Language Watch Edit ECOSOC redirects here For the political ideology see Eco socialism The United Nations Economic and Social Council ECOSOC French Conseil economique et social des Nations unies CESNU is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations responsible for coordinating the economic and social fields of the organization specifically in regards to the fifteen specialised agencies the eight functional commissions and the five regional commissions under its jurisdiction United Nations Economic and Social CouncilUnited Nations Economic and Social Council chamber at United Nations headquartersAbbreviationECOSOCFormation26 June 1945 76 years ago 1945 06 26 FounderArcot Ramasamy MudaliarTypePrincipal organ of the United NationsLegal statusActiveHeadquartersNew York City United States Geneva SwitzerlandPresidentCollen Vixen KelapileParent organizationUnited NationsWebsitewww un org ecosoc African States 14 Asia Pacific States 11 Eastern European States 6 Latin American and Caribbean States 10 Western European and Other States 13 Politics portal ECOSOC serves as the central forum for discussing international economic and social issues and formulating policy recommendations addressed to member states and the United Nations System 1 It has 54 members 2 In addition to a rotating membership of 54 UN member states over 1 600 nongovernmental organizations have consultative status with the Council to participate in the work of the United Nations 3 ECOSOC holds one four week session each year in July and since 1998 has also held an annual meeting in April with finance ministers heading key committees of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund IMF Additionally the High Level Political Forum HLPF which reviews the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is convened under the auspices of the Council every July Contents 1 President 2 Members 2 1 Current and future members 2 2 Observer Inter Governmental Autonomous Organisations 3 Commissions 3 1 Functional commissions 3 1 1 Active 3 1 2 Disbanded 3 2 Regional commissions 4 Committees and other bodies 4 1 Standing committees 4 2 Expert bodies 4 3 Other subsidiary bodies 5 Specialized agencies 6 World Economic and Social Survey 2011 The Great Green Technological Transformation 7 Reform of the Economic and Social Council 8 Chamber design 9 See also 10 Notes 11 References 12 Further reading 13 External linksPresident EditMain article President of the United Nations Economic and Social Council The president of the Council is elected for a one year term and chosen from the small or medium sized states represented on the Council at the beginning of each new session 4 The presidency rotates among the United Nations Regional Groups to ensure equal representation 5 Collen Vixen Kelapile was elected as the seventy seventh president of the Council on 23 July 2021 6 succeeding Munir Akram of Pakistan 7 Members EditSee also List of members of the United Nations Economic and Social Council The Council consists of 54 Member States which are elected yearly by the General Assembly for overlapping three year terms Seats on the Council are allocated ensuring equitable geographic rotation among the United Nations regional groups with 14 being allocated to the African Group 11 to the Asia Pacific Group 6 to the Eastern European Group 10 to the Latin American and Caribbean Group and 13 to the Western European and Others Group 8 9 Current and future members Edit Term African States 14 Asia Pacific States 11 Eastern European States 6 Latin American amp Caribbean States 10 Western European amp Other States 13 1 January 2022 31 December 2024 10 Cote d Ivoire Tunisia Tanzania Eswatini Mauritius Afghanistan 11 UN currently does not recognize ruling Taliban government of Afghanistan which was denied UN representation in December 2021 12 India Oman Kazakhstan Croatia Czech Republic Belize Chile Peru Belgium Italy Canada United States1 January 2021 31 December 2023 13 Liberia Libya Madagascar Nigeria Zimbabwe Indonesia Japan Solomon Islands Bulgaria Argentina Bolivia Guatemala Mexico Austria France Israel Portugal United Kingdom1 January 2020 31 December 2022 Benin Botswana Congo Gabon Bangladesh China Republic of Korea Thailand Latvia Montenegro Russian Federation Colombia Nicaragua Panama Denmark Finland Greece New ZealandObserver Inter Governmental Autonomous Organisations Edit Participation on a continuing basis 14 African Regional Centre of Technology Asian and Pacific Development Centre Asian Productivity Organisation Council of Arab Economic Unity Global Water Partnership Helsinki Commission Inter American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture Intergovernmental Forum on Mining Minerals Metals and Sustainable Development Intergovernmental Institution For the Use of Micro Algae Spirulina Against Malnutrition International Association of Economic and Social Councils and Similar Institutions International Center for Public Enterprises in Developing Countries International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Islamic Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization Latin American Energy Organization Organisation of Ibero American States Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries Regional Organisation for the Protection of the Marine Environment Union des Conseils Economiques et Sociaux Africains West African Economic and Monetary Union World Deserts Foundation Participation on an ad hoc basis 14 African Accounting Council African Cultural Institute Arab Security Studies and Training Center Council of Arab Ministers of the Interior International Bauxite Association International Civil Defence Organisation Latin American Social Sciences InstituteCommissions EditFunctional commissions Edit Active Edit The following are the active functional commission of the Council 15 16 Commission on Narcotic Drugs CND Commission on Population and Development CPD Commission on Science and Technology for Development CSTD Commission on the Status of Women CSW Statistical Commission Commission for Social Development CSocD Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice CCPCJ Forum on Forests UNFF Disbanded Edit The following commissions were disbanded by the Council and replaced by other bodies Commission on Human Rights UNCHR Disbanded in 2006 and replaced by the United Nations Human Rights Council UNHRC a subsidiary organ of the General Assembly 17 18 Commission on Sustainable Development CSD Disbanded in 2013 and replaced by the High level Political Forum on Sustainable Development HLPF a joint subsidiary body of the General Assembly and ECOSOC 19 20 Regional commissions Edit The following are the active regional commissions of the Council 16 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe ECE United Nations Economic Commission for Africa ECA United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean ECLAC United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific ESCAP United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia ESCWA Committees and other bodies EditThe following are some of the other bodies that the Council oversees in some capacity 16 Standing committees Edit Committee for Programme and Coordination CPC Committee on Non Governmental Organizations Committee on Negotiations with Intergovernmental AgenciesExpert bodies Edit Committee for Development Policy CDP Committee on Economic Social and Cultural Rights CESCR Committee of Experts on Global Geospatial Information Management UN GGIM Committee of Experts on International Cooperation in Tax Matters Committee of Experts on Public Administration CEPA Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods and the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals Group of Experts on Geographical Names UNGEGN Intergovernmental Working Group of Experts on International Standards of Accounting and Reporting Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues UNPFII Other subsidiary bodies Edit System Chief Executives Board for Coordination CEB High Level Committee on Management HLCM High Level Committee on Programmes HLCP Specialized agencies EditSee also List of specialized agencies of the United Nations The specialized agencies of the United Nations are autonomous organizations working within the United Nations System meaning that while they report their activities to the Economic and Social Council they are mostly free to their own devices Each agency must negotiate with the Council as to what their relationship will look and work like This leads to a system where different organizations maintain different types of relationships with the Council 21 22 Some were created before the United Nations existed and were integrated into the system others were created by the League of Nations and were integrated by its successor while others were created by the United Nations itself to meet emerging needs 23 The following is a list of the specialized agencies reporting to the Council 24 Food and Agriculture Organization FAO International Civil Aviation Organization ICAO International Fund for Agricultural Development IFAD International Labour Organization ILO International Monetary Fund IMF International Maritime Organization IMO International Telecommunication Union ITU United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization UNESCO United Nations Industrial Development Organization UNIDO United Nations World Tourism Organization UNWTO Universal Postal Union UPU World Bank Group WBG International Bank for Reconstruction and Development IBRD International Development Association IDA International Finance Corporation IFC Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency MIGA International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes ICSID World Health Organization WHO World Intellectual Property Organization WIPO World Meteorological Organization WMO World Economic and Social Survey 2011 The Great Green Technological Transformation EditIn a report issued in early July 2011 the UN called for spending nearly US 2 trillion on green technologies to prevent what it termed a major planetary catastrophe warning that It is rapidly expanding energy use mainly driven by fossil fuels that explains why humanity is on the verge of breaching planetary sustainability boundaries through global warming biodiversity loss and disturbance of the nitrogen cycle balance and other measures of the sustainability of the earth s ecosystem 25 UN Secretary General Ban Ki moon added Rather than viewing growth and sustainability as competing goals on a collision course we must see them as complementary and mutually supportive imperatives The report concluded that Business as usual is not an option 26 Reform of the Economic and Social Council EditThe governance of the multilateral system has historically been complex and fragmented This has limited the capacity of ECOSOC to influence international policies in trade finance and investment Reform proposals aim to enhance the relevance and contribution of the council A major reform was approved by the 2005 World Summit based on proposals submitted by secretary general Kofi Annan 27 The Summit aimed to establish ECOSOC as a quality platform for high level engagement among member states and with international financial institutions the private sector and civil society on global trends policies and action It resolved to hold biennial high level Development Cooperation Forums at the national leadership level transforming the high level segment of the Council to review trends in international development cooperation and promote greater coherence in development activities At the Summit it was also decided to hold annual ministerial level substantive reviews to assess progress in achieving internationally agreed on development goals particularly the Millennium Development Goals These Annual Ministerial Reviews will be replaced by the High Level Political Forum from 2016 onwards after the new post MDG post 2015 Sustainable Development Goals are agreed upon 28 Subsequent proposals by the High Level Panel Report on System Wide Coherence in November 2006 aimed to establish a forum within the ECOSOC as a counter model to the exclusive clubs of the G8 and G20 The Forum was to comprise 27 heads of state L27 corresponding to half of ECOSOC s membership to meet annually and provide international leadership in the development area This proposal however was not approved by the General Assembly 29 Chamber design EditThe Economic and Social Council Chamber in the United Nations Conference Building was a gift from Sweden It was conceived by Swedish architect Sven Markelius one of the 11 architects in the international team that designed the UN headquarters Wood from Swedish pine trees was used in the delegates area for the railings and doors 30 The pipes and ducts in the ceiling above the public gallery were deliberately left exposed the architect believed that anything useful could be left uncovered The unfinished ceiling is a symbolic reminder that the economic and social work of the United Nations is never finished there will always be something more that can be done to improve living conditions for the world s people 31 See also EditList of organizations with consultative status to the United Nations Economic and Social Council Copenhagen Consensus French Economic and Social Council European Economic and Social Committee EU Hard Choices Moral Dilemmas in Humanitarian Intervention International Court of Justice International Hydrological Programme UN Secretariat UN Security Council UN Trusteeship Council UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs Union of International Associations Science technology engineering and mathematics Chapter X of the United Nations CharterNotes EditReferences Edit Background Information ECOSOC High Level Political Forum 2020 HLPF 2020 Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform sustainabledevelopment un org Retrieved 2020 01 27 Basu Rumki 2019 The United Nations Sterling p 83 ISBN 978 81 207 2775 5 Mu Xuequan 27 July 2018 UN ECOSOC Elects New President Xinhuanet Xinhua News Agency Retrieved 25 February 2019 United Nations Official Document Rule 20 2 un org Retrieved 2020 09 15 ECOSOC President 2021 His Excellency Collen Vixen Kelapile un org Retrieved 2021 08 13 President of ECOSOC ECOSOC n d Retrieved 26 July 2018 Members UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC and SOCIAL COUNCIL Retrieved 18 September 2019 General Assembly Elects 19 Economic and Social Council Members to Terms Beginning 1 January 2020 Adopts Resolution Commemorating Signing of United Nations Charter United Nations Meetings Coverage amp Press Releases United Nations 14 June 2019 Retrieved 1 January 2020 Announcement of 22 new members for 2022 term UN ECOSOC President Official Twitter Account of UN ECOSOC The United Nations currently recognizes the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan as the government of Afghanistan instead of the de facto ruling government the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan Gladstone Rick 2021 12 01 U N Seats Denied for Now to Afghanistan s Taliban and Myanmar s Junta New York Times Archived from the original on 2021 12 28 Retrieved 2022 04 07 Turkish diplomat elected President of historic 75th UN General Assembly UN News New York 17 June 2020 Retrieved 20 June 2020 a b ECOSOC observers Part V Archived 22 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine Subsidiary Bodies of ECOSOC United Nations Economic and Social Council United Nations n d Retrieved 25 February 2019 a b c Manhire Vanessa ed 2019 United Nations Handbook 2019 20 United Nations Handbook An Annual Guide for Those Working with and within the United Nations 57th ed Wellington Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of New Zealand 144 198 ISSN 0110 1951 UN Creates New Human Rights Body BBC London 15 March 2006 Retrieved 25 February 2019 United Nations Human Rights Council HRC UIA Open Yearbook Union of International Associations n d Retrieved 25 August 2020 United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development CSD UIA Open Yearbook Union of International Associations n d Retrieved 25 February 2019 United Nations General Assembly Session 67 Resolution 290 Format and Organizational Aspects of the High Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development A RES 67 290 9 July 2013 Retrieved 25 August 2020 Cohn Theodore H 2016 05 05 Global Political Economy Theory and Practice Routledge ISBN 9781317334828 UN Specialized Agencies Globalization 101 The Levin Institute Retrieved 25 February 2019 Kurtas Susan Research Guides UN System Documentation Specialized Agencies research un org Retrieved 2020 12 13 Funds Programmes Specialized Agencies and Others United Nations United Nations n d Retrieved 25 February 2019 World Economic and Social Survey 2011 Department of Economic and Social Affairs www un org Retrieved 2022 02 27 The World Economic and Social Survey 2011 The Great Green Technological Transformation Thaindian News Retrieved 23 February 2011 Ian Williams Annan has paid his dues The Guardian 19 September 2005 Session 18 Reviewing and monitoring progress What have we learned and how can it advance implementation Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform sustainabledevelopment un org Retrieved 2020 03 18 Turkmenistan Elected to ECOSOC for 2019 2021 The Gazette of Central Asia gca satrapia com Retrieved 2020 03 18 Singh S Project Work of Political Science scribd scribd Retrieved 9 February 2021 UN website Further reading EditMathews Schultz A 2020 The Untold History of the United Nations the US State Department and Organized Interests in the Postwar Era Social Science History 44 2 197 222 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to United Nations Economic and Social Council United Nations Economic and Social Council UN Economic and Social Council Background United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Congo Conference of UN NGO s Global Policy Forum Social and Economic Policy at the UN United Nations The Group of Eight ECOSOC and the Constitutional Paradox in French Portal Politics Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title United Nations Economic and Social Council amp oldid 1092594556, wikipedia, wiki, book,

books

, library,

article

, read, download, free, free download, mp3, video, mp4, 3gp, jpg, jpeg, gif, png, picture, music, song, movie, book, game, games.