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The chart below shows the current enlisted rank insignia of the United States Army, with seniority, and pay grade, increasing from right to left. The enlisted ranks of corporal (E-4) and higher are considered non-commissioned officers (NCOs). The rank of specialist is also in pay grade E-4, but does not hold non-commissioned officer status; it is common that a soldier may never hold the rank of corporal, and instead be promoted from specialist to sergeant, attaining junior NCO status at that time.

Uniformed services pay grade E-9 E-8 E-7 E-6 E-5 E-4 E-3 E-2 E-1
United States Army
No insignia
Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Chairman Sergeant Major of the Army Command sergeant major Sergeant major First sergeant Master sergeant Sergeant first class Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Specialist Private first class Private Private
Abbreviation SEAC SMA CSM SGM 1SG ³ MSG SFC SSG SGT CPL SPC ² PFC PV2 ¹ PV1 ¹
NATO code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
¹ PVT is also used as an abbreviation for both private ranks when pay grade need not be distinguished.
² SP4 is sometimes encountered as an abbreviation for specialist instead of SPC. This is a holdover from when there were additional specialist ranks at pay grades E-5 to E-7.
³ First sergeant is considered a temporary and lateral rank and is senior to master sergeant. A first sergeant can revert to master sergeant upon leaving assignment.

In the beginning, US Army enlisted rank was indicated by colored epaulets. The use of chevrons came into being in 1821, with the orientation changing over time from point-down to point-up and back again, to the point-down orientation seen in the American Civil War. Around the turn of the 20th century, point-up wear of chevrons returned and has remained so.

Contents

1775–1821: epaulets

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From the creation of the United States Army to 1821, non-commissioned officer (NCO) and staff non-commissioned officer (SNCO) rank was distinguished by the wearing of usually worsted epaulets.

From 1775 to 1779 sergeants and corporals wore one epaulet on the right shoulder, corporals of green color, sergeants of red color. From May 1778, the newly created ranks of SNCOs (i.e., sergeants major, quartermaster sergeants, drum majors, and fife majors) wore a red epaulette on each shoulder.

In 1779 sergeants were authorized two silk epaulets, corporals one worsted to wear on the right shoulder. The color was white (infantry), yellow (artillery), or blue (cavalry). In practice it seems the prescribed blue epaulettes for cavalry NCO never came in wide use while the wearing of white epaulettes prevailed.

By 1783/84, the Continental Army was discharged. For a few weeks, only 55 artillerymen at West Point and 25 men at Fort Pitt were to remain. In August 1784, the 700 men strong First American Regiment (including two companies of artillery) was organized as kind of an army substitute. In October 1786 by approval of Congress, this force should expand to a Legionary Corps of additional infantry, rifle troops, artillery, and dragoons. But this project never materialized. In 1791, the Second Regiment of Infantry was raised and organized as the First Regiment. Both units amalgamated in 1792 with the Legion of the United States, including artillery and dragoons (the first federal mounted force since the discharge of the Continental Light Dragoons in 1783), that then transformed into the US Army in 1796.

From 1787, SNCOs wore silk epaulets, sergeants two worsted and corporals one worsted. In the same year, the epaulets' color of cavalry NCOs officially changed from blue to white. At that time the federal mounted force of two troops of dragoons existed only on paper and never got beyond the planning stage (see above). The sergeant major insignia included a brass half-crescent placed on the skirt of the epaulet.

In 1799, red worsted epaulets were prescribed for all NCOs in all branches: SNCOs on both shoulders, sergeants on the right shoulder, corporals on the left. Chief musicians were identified by two white epaulets. Shortly after, in the year 1800, the color of the epaulets was changed to yellow, for chief musicians in to blue. In reality, the artillery NCOs ignored the order of 1799 and maintained their yellow epaulets, as did a company of bombardiers, sappers, and miners recruited during the War of 1812. In 1808 also the infantry NCOs switched back to their former white epaulets as did the newly raised light dragoons (whose remaining men and officers were folded into the Corps of Artillery, in 1815)., SNCOs wore two worsted epaulettes with crescent, sergeants had two plain worsted epaulettes, while corporals wore one epaulette on the right shoulder.

1821–1832: chevrons and "wings" vs. epaulettes

Between 1821 and 1895, the U.S. Army insignia of rank for enlisted soldiers above the grade of private was generally the chevron—a "V"-shaped piece of cloth or braid, typically worn on the sleeve. With exceptions from 1832 to 1846 (when chevrons were abolished), and from 1847 to 1851 (chevrons worn points up), the chevrons were a worn point down.

From 1821 to 1832 enlisted personnel (except staff, artillery, and engineers) wore dark blue "wings" trimmed in yellow (infantry, in white) on each shoulder and a horizontal row of four gold (infantry, silver) buttons on each cuff. Additionally, senior NCOs (quartermaster sergeant, sergeant major, drum major, and fife major) wore a single point-up yellow (infantry, white) chevron on each upper sleeve (from 1825 a chevron and arc), sergeants wore their chevrons on the lower sleeves (from 1825 on the upper sleeves), corporals had just a single chevron on the right upper sleeve (but from 1825 one chevron on both lower sleeves). This system echoed the grading system of company-grade officers from 1821 to 1832 (except General Staff, artillery, engineer, and field officers who wore epaulets instead of "wings").

For enlisted personnel in staff, artillery, and engineers the system of epaulets (yellow for all grades) was retained: senior NCOs were indicated by a pair of epaulets with a brass crescent, sergeants with no crescents, and corporals just a single epaulet on the right shoulder.

From the early days of the Continental Army, the wearing of a sword and a crimson worsted sash had served as a badge of rank for all sergeant grades. Since 1821 the worsted sash became a privilege to first sergeants and above only. In 1872, sashes would cease being worn by all ranks (except for general officer ranks who retained their buff sashes until 1917). The wearing of the M1840 NCO sword would be abolished by general orders No. 77 dated August 6, 1875.

1832–1851: epaulettes and slashflaps

These parallel existing systems were superseded in 1832. From then on to 1851 (since 1846 only with dress uniform), enlisted personnel wore a pair of yellow (infantry, white) cloth epaulets with 2 1/2" long and 1/8" in diameter worsted fringe (privates, very short fringe). Contrary to this, senior NCOs wore epaulets with gold fringe (but from about 1835 worsted bullion with a metal crescent) and a coat with two rows of ten buttons, that ended 3 1/2" above the knees while all other enlisted personnel had single-breasted coats with nine buttons, that ended 7" above the knees.

In addition, there were on the cuffs a slashflap with yellow (infantry, white) lace and a vertical row of several golds (infantry, silver) buttons depending on grade: senior sergeants wore four flaps and buttons, sergeant wore three flaps and buttons, corporals and privates wore two flaps and buttons. A sergeant-major had a red plume on the dress hat; a quartermaster sergeant had a light blue plume. The orderly sergeant had no plume but wore a red waist sash.

After the two regiments of light dragoons were first amalgamated into one and then transferred to the artillery in 1814/15, a federal mounted force ceased to exist. In 1832, a battalion of United States Mounted Rangers was formed, just to be disbanded and replaced by the United States Regiment of Dragoons in 1833. In place of worsted epaulets, enlisted dragoon ranks wore metal (brass) shoulder scales, thus inspiring yellow as new branch color for mounted units.

1846–1903: chevrons point down (except for 1847-1851)

Complementary, for undress a new system of yellow (infantry: white) chevrons was introduced in 1846. In 1846 the chevrons were pointed down, from 1847 to 1851 they were pointing up. All sergeants were indicated by three chevrons: Sgt. Maj. and Qm. Sgt. additionally with a gold shoulder cord (1846) but from 1847 instead of three chevrons with three arcs below for Sgt. Maj., for Qm. Sgt. with three bars below. Orderly Sgt. (i.e. First Sgt.) in 1846 three chevrons and a red worsted waist sash, from 1847 a hollow diamond below the three chevrons and no waist sash. Corporals wore two chevrons, privates none.

However, in 1851, the Army changed to point down wear for all enlisted grades and directed that chevrons would be worn in the new branch-of-service colors of sky blue for the infantry, dark green for riflemen and mounted rifles, orange for dragoons (from 1851 to 1861), yellow for cavalry, red for artillery, and green for the medical department.

In 1895, the Army introduced a new enlisted rank system that became the basis for the system used in World War I.

Metal branch-of-service insignia was first adopted in 1832—the hunting horn being adopted as the infantry's insignia. They are worn on the cap with the regimental number inset in or just above it.

1902–present: chevrons point up

1902–1920

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Smaller rank insignia that were to be worn point up was introduced in 1902, but with the transition from the older, larger point down insignia to the new versions, there was some confusion concerning the proper manner of wear of the new insignia. War Department Circular 61 of 1905 directed that the points be placed up and designated certain colors for each branch of the military, for uniformity.

During World War, I troops overseas in France used standard buff stripes inset with trade badges in the place of colored branch stripes or rank badges. Rank grades were numbered from the top-down, from the general of the army, as number 1, to corporal, number 19; NCO ranks were grades 13 through 19. Confusingly, pay grades were different, less senior ranks with more technical training being paid more than senior staff NCOs.

On 22 July 1919, the military approved "an arc of one bar" (a trade badge over a single arc "rocker") for a private first class. This was later changed to a single chevron in 1920.

1920–1942

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The Joint Service Pay Readjustment Act of 1922 (Public Law 67-235; June 10, 1922) divided the grades into inverse "pay grades" for enlisted personnel (Grades 7 through 1) and "pay periods" (Periods 1 through 8) for officers. The pay rates would stay the same from July 1, 1922, to May 1942.

In 1920, the rank system was simplified, and the rank stripes were reduced to 3.125 inches in width. The rank of sergeant major was discontinued and the confusing system of trade badges and rank insignia was abolished. Branch-of-service colored stripes were abandoned in favor of standard buff-on-blue stripes. The use of bars under chevrons to designate senior support arm NCOs was abolished, and all branches used arcs under chevrons to denote senior NCOs. The rank insignia was reduced to seven grades and eight ranks (the first sergeant was considered a senior grade of technical sergeant) and were numbered from "G1" for the highest rank (master sergeant) to "G7" for the lowest (private second class). Subdued olive-drab-on-khaki stripes were created for wear with the class C khaki uniform.

The rank of specialist was adopted. It was grade G-6 but received a pay bonus from $5 (specialist sixth class) to $25 (specialist first class). Specialists had the same single chevron of a private first class but were considered between the ranks of private first class and corporal in seniority. This was very confusing, as the difference between a private first class and a specialist could not be determined at first glance, in addition to any specialty they may have had, as trade badges had been eliminated. Unofficial insignia adopted by post commands granted specialists one to six arcs under their chevron (ranging from one for specialist sixth class to six for specialist first class) to indicate their grade, and trade badges inset between their stripes to indicate their specialty.

1942–1948

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In 1942, there were several overdue reforms. The pay was increased for all ranks for the first time in two decades, and combat pay was introduced. The rank of the first sergeant was now considered a junior version of master sergeant and the confusing specialist ranks were abolished. The specialist ranks were replaced by the distinct ranks of technician third grade (equivalent to a staff sergeant), technician fourth grade (equivalent to a sergeant), and technician fifth grade (equivalent to a corporal). Technicians were inferior to non-commissioned officers of the same grade but superior to all grades below them. They had the same insignia as the regular rank of their grade, but with a cloth "T" inset below their stripes. The subdued insignia was abolished, but could still be worn with the Class C khaki uniform until they wore out.

1948–1956

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Chevrons of 1948
1st Grade 2nd Grade 3rd Grade 4th Grade 5th Grade












First Sergeant Master Sergeant Technical Sergeant Staff Sergeant Corporal Private First Class
1st Sgt M/Sgt T/Sgt S/Sgt Cpl Pfc

In 1948 the pay grades were broken up into seven "E" (enlisted and non-commissioned officer), two "W" (warrant officer), and eleven "O" (officer) grades. The technician's ranks were abolished and were absorbed into their equivalent line ranks. The rank of private was divided into the ranks of private (Grade E7), private second class (Grade E6), and private first class (Grade E5). Corporal was regraded as Grade E4. Sergeant (Grade E3) was a career soldier rank and its former three-chevron insignia was abolished and replaced with the three chevrons and an arc of the rank of staff sergeant. The rank of staff sergeant was discontinued and the rank of technical sergeant (Grade E2) was renamed sergeant first class. The rank of first sergeant (Grade E1) was absorbed into the senior rank of master sergeant (Grade E1).

Also in 1948, the old buff-on-blue insignia was abolished. In their place was a new system of smaller (2 inches wide) and narrower chevrons and arcs that were instead differenced by color called the "Goldenlite" system - with subdued dark blue stripes on bright yellow backing for combat arms and yellow stripes on dark blue for support arms. They were not popular. Combat-arm NCOs found their stripes were hard to identify unless the viewer was very close, making it hard to rally and lead troops. Support-arm NCOs found their stripes too small to be easily seen at a distance, making it hard to tell their seniority at a glance. When the US Army entered the Korean War, it was found that troops in combat abandoned the new insignia. They either used the support arm stripes, purchased the old larger buff-on-blue stripes from Post Exchanges or Army / Navy stores, or used hand-cut or tailor-made copies. The small "Goldenlite" stripes were abandoned in February 1951 and the dark-blue-on-yellow insignia was abolished. Larger 3-inch-wide olive-drab-on-dark-blue stripes were adopted for servicemen.

In 1950, the Women's Army Corps (WAC) were issued new Goldenlite yellow-on-brown insignia for wear with the taupe WAC uniform. It was the same size as the men's small 2-inch-wide Goldenlite stripes. (Female personnel would wear the smaller 2-inch insignia until 1998, well after male personnel was issued larger, 3-inch-wide insignia in 1951.) In 1951, WACs were assigned surplus men's Goldenlite-Yellow-on-dark-blue stripes for wear with olive drab or fatigue uniforms. Also in 1951, the optional white WAC dress uniform was now authorized for wear by enlisted and NCO ranks and 2-inch Goldenlite yellow-on-white stripes were created to be worn with it.

The 1950s brought a lot of changes. In 1951, the pay grade numbering was reversed, with the lowest enlisted rank being numbered "1" and the highest enlisted rank is "7". By 1955 (as stated in Army Regulation 615–15, dated 2 July 1954), new grade structures were announced reactivating the specialist rank: specialist 3rd class (E-4, or SP3), specialist 2nd class (E-5, or SP2), specialist 1st class (E-6, or SP1) and master specialist (E-7, or MSP). The specialist insignia was the same smaller and narrower size as the old Goldenlite stripes to differentiate specialists from non-commissioned officers.

1956–1985

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In 1956, the Army began wearing polished black leather boots instead of the traditional unpolished russet leather (as late as the early 1980s, older soldiers who had served before 1956 said they were in the "brown boot" army.), and the Army Green uniform (with Goldenlite-Yellow-on-green rank stripes) was adopted. The new enlisted rank insignia were then used on all Army uniforms (e.g., Green, Khaki, and fatigue). Enlisted rank insignia with a blue background was worn on the Army Blue Dress uniform.

In 1957, a 2-inch-wide set of Goldenlite-Yellow-on-blue stripes were worn with the new optional Army Blue WAC dress uniform. In 1959, a 2-inch-wide set of Goldenlite-Yellow-on-green stripes were worn with the new Army Green WAC duty uniform; they replaced the taupe WAC service uniform by 1961. Although the WAC was disestablished in 1978, the Army Green WAC uniform would be in use until 1985.

Chevrons of 1958
E9 E8 E7 E6 E5 E4 E3
Sergeant Major First Sergeant Master Sergeant Sergeant First Class Staff Sergeant Sergeant Corporal Private First Class
SGM 1SG MSG SFC SSG SGT CPL PFC

In 1958, as part of a rank restructuring, two pay grades and four ranks were added: sergeant (E-5) returned to its traditional three chevron insignia, E-6 became staff sergeant, which had been eliminated in 1948 (with its previous three chevrons and one arc insignia), sergeant first class became E-7, master sergeant became E-8, which included first sergeant and specialist 8; and E-9, which included sergeant major and specialist 9. In 1959, the specialist insignia was made the same size and width as non-commissioned officer's stripes. In 1961, the wearing of large Goldenlite-Yellow-on-green stripes was adopted for use on all Army uniforms (green, khaki, and fatigue) except for the Army dress blue uniform, which used large insignia with a blue background. In 1965, the ranks of specialist 8 and specialist 9 were discontinued, and private first class was briefly termed lance corporal.

Specialist insignia of 1959
E9 E8 E7 E6 E5 E4
Specialist 9 Specialist 8 Specialist 7 Specialist 6 Specialist 5 Specialist 4
SP9 SP8 SP7 SP6 SP5 SP4

In 1966, the rank of Sergeant Major of the Army was established, its holder an assistant to the Army chief of staff. Considered a higher grade than sergeant major (or than command sergeant major from 1968), the Sergeant Major of the Army didn't receive its unique rank insignia until 1979. In 1968, the rank of command sergeant major was established as an assistant to the commanding officer at battalion, brigade, division, and corps levels. Also, that year the insignia of the private first class received one arc under the chevron. In 1978, the rank of specialist 7 was discontinued. In 1979, brass enlisted rank pins were created for wear on black epaulets with the Army Green shirt and black "wooly-pully" sweater. In 1985, the ranks of specialist 5 and specialist 6 were discontinued.

2000–present

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In 2006, the blue Army Service Uniform (ASU) was adopted to replace the army green uniform, and the yellow-on-blue stripes were reintroduced.

Subsequently, the blue uniform was returned to formal dress use only in 2020, as the army reintroduced a green daily service uniform modeled after the pinks and greens officers service uniform from World War II. The enlisted insignia on this uniform is pale tan stripes on an olive green background.

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The headquarters of each company-sized unit is assigned a senior non-commissioned officer (NCO) who, as the highest-ranking enlisted person in the company/battery/troop, monitors the enlisted personnel and is their advocate with the commanding officer. This position is known as the "first sergeant," though the person carrying that title does not have to have that rank. In a battalion or larger unit, the senior NCO is a sergeant major. The rank of sergeant major is usually carried by the senior NCO of the S-3 staff section in a battalion, regiment, or a brigade, and in most staff sections in larger units. The command sergeant major fills an advisory function, assisting the commander of a battalion, regiment, brigade, or higher formation in personnel matters. The Sergeant Major of the Army has a similar role assisting the Army Chief of Staff.

In terms of command, the rank of a person typically determines what job and command the soldier has within a unit. For personnel in US Army mechanized infantry, a Bradley infantry fighting vehicle (M2A2) is commanded by a Staff Sergeant, the gun is manned by a Specialist or Sergeant and the driver is Specialist or below. For armor, the Abrams main battle tank (M1A2) is commanded by a captain, lieutenant, sergeant first class or staff sergeant, the gunner is a staff sergeant or sergeant, and the driver and loader are specialists or below.

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Forms of address specified in Army Regulation AR 600-20 Army Command Policy are: "Sergeant Major" and "First Sergeant" for those holding those ranks, and "Sergeant" for master sergeants, sergeants first class, staff sergeants, and sergeants. Corporals and specialists are addressed by their rank. Privates first class and privates (both PV1 and PV2) can all be addressed as "Private".

In some cases, informal titles are used. "Top" is commonly used as an informal address to first sergeants or anyone serving as a company first sergeant. Infield artillery units a platoon sergeant (usually an E-7) is informally referred to as "Smoke" (from "chief of smoke", a reference to when units fired as whole batteries of between four and six guns, and the senior NCO position was "Chief of Firing Battery"). The junior E-7 position is designated as "Gunnery Sergeant" and similar to the USMC usage, is typically referred to as "Gunny". Field artillery cannon sections are led by section chiefs (usually an E-6) are often informally called "Chief". This does not seem to be common in other section-based unit subdivisions such as staff sections. In some smaller units, with more tight-knit squads, soldiers might call their squad leader "Boss", or a similar respectful term. A habit that has all but died out is the addressing of a platoon sergeant, in any unit other than artillery, being affectionately called a "platoon daddy" in casual conversation or jest (but never in any official communication of any type). In some training units (BCT and AIT or OSUT), trainees are called "Private", regardless of the rank worn. Special titles, such as "drill sergeant" and "gunnery sergeant" are specific to certain jobs (position title), and should not be confused for actual rank. Other services differ, such as the Marine Corps, which address each other by full rank.

Some terms are used jokingly when referring to a soldier's rank. For instance, specialists are sometimes jokingly referred to as "The E-4 Mafia" (referring to their pay grade of E-4), "Command Private Major", "Specialist Major", "Full-Bird Private" (from the eagle on their shield), "Sham Shield" (from their stereotype of "shamming it", or malingering), "PV4", or "Spec-4" (about the old specialist grades, which at one point went up to Specialist 9).

Privates (PV2) rank insignia are sometimes called "Mosquito Wings" (from the appearance of the single chevron). Privates are called "Buck Privates" because they are the lowest rank of private. An E-1 Private may be referred to as "E-Nothing", or "PV-Nothing" (as opposed to PV2, the next rank) due to their lack of rank insignia. E-1 Privates were also called a "Fuzzy" or "E-Fuzzy" during the War on Terror era due to the bare velcro patch-holders on the Army Combat Uniform (ACU).

This table shows changes in insignia, from 1905 until the present.

US DoD Pay Grade E-9 E-8 E-7 E-6 E-5 E-4 E-3 E-2 E-1
1905 No equivalent
No insignia
Regimental sergeant major Regimental supply sergeant Battalion sergeant major Color sergeant First sergeant Mess sergeant Stable sergeant Company supply sergeant Sergeant Corporal Private
1920 No equivalent
No insignia
Regimental sergeant major Regimental supply sergeant Battalion sergeant major Color sergeant First sergeant Mess sergeant Stable sergeant Company supply sergeant Sergeant Corporal Lance corporal/Private first class Private
September 1920 No equivalent
No insignia
Master sergeant First sergeant Technical sergeant Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Private first class Private
September 1942 No equivalent
No insignia
First sergeant Master sergeant Technical sergeant Staff sergeant Technician 3rd grade Sergeant Technician 4th grade Corporal Technician 5th grade Private first class Private
August 1948 No equivalent
No insignia No insignia
First sergeant
Combat and noncombat
Master sergeant
Combat and noncombat
Sergeant first class
Combat and noncombat
Sergeant
Combat and noncombat
Corporal
Combat and noncombat
Private first class
Combat and noncombat
Private Recruit
February 1951 No equivalent
No insignia No insignia
First sergeant Master sergeant Sergeant first class Sergeant Corporal Private first class Private Recruit
March 1955 No equivalent
No insignia No insignia
First sergeant Master sergeant Master specialist Sergeant first class Specialist first class Sergeant Specialist 2nd class Corporal Specialist 3rd class Private first class Private Recruit
September 1959 No insignia No insignia
Sergeant major Specialist 9 First sergeant Master sergeant Specialist 8 Sergeant first class Specialist 7 Staff sergeant Specialist 6 Sergeant Specialist 5 Corporal Specialist 4 Private first class Private E-2 Private E-1
1965 No insignia No insignia
Sergeant major First sergeant Master sergeant Sergeant first class Specialist 7 Staff sergeant Specialist 6 Sergeant Specialist 5 Corporal Specialist 4 Private first class Private E-2 Private E-1
May 1968 No insignia
Command sergeant major Staff sergeant major First sergeant Master sergeant Sergeant first class Specialist 7 Staff sergeant Specialist 6 Sergeant Specialist 5 Corporal Specialist 4 Private first class Private E-2 Private E-1
1978 No insignia
Command sergeant major Sergeant major First sergeant Master sergeant Sergeant first class Staff sergeant Specialist 6 Sergeant Specialist 5 Corporal Specialist 4 Private first class Private E-2 Private E-1
1979 No insignia
Sergeant major of the Army Command sergeant major Sergeant major First sergeant Master sergeant Sergeant first class Staff sergeant Specialist 6 Sergeant Specialist 5 Corporal Specialist 4 Private first class Private E-2 Private E-1
1985 No insignia
Sergeant major of the Army Command sergeant major Sergeant major First sergeant Master sergeant Sergeant first class Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Specialist Private first class Private E-2 Private E-1
1994 No insignia
Sergeant major of the Army Command sergeant major Sergeant major First sergeant Master sergeant Sergeant first class Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Specialist Private first class Private E-2 Private E-1
2019 No insignia
Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Chairman Sergeant major of the Army Command sergeant major Sergeant major First sergeant Master sergeant Sergeant first class Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Specialist Private first class Private E-2 Private E-1
NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
  1. The white WAC uniform was originally issued in 1944 for tropical and hot weather wear by WAC officers.
  2. Changed to Sergeant major in 1971.
  1. "U.S. Army Ranks". army.mil. United States Army. Retrieved27 May 2021.
  2. "Archived copy"(PDF). Archived from the original(PDF) on 6 February 2012. Retrieved1 April 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. Moore, Jr., Robert J; Haynes, Michael (2003). Lewis & Clark, tailor-made, trail worn: army life, clothing & weapons of the Corps of Discovery. Helena, Montana: Farcountry Press. p. 160. ISBN 1560372389.
  4. Hogan, Jr., David W; Fisch, Jr., Arnold G. (2009). The Story of the Noncommissioned Officer Corps: The Backbone of the Army. Washington, D.C.: Center of Military History, United States Army. p. 303. ISBN 978-0-16-067869-1.
  5. Perrenot, Preston B. (2011). United States Army Grade Insignia Since 1776 (Revised ed.). CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. p. 18. ISBN 978-1448656875.
  6. Presidential order concerning the Uniform for the Army of the United States, issued through Secretary of War James McHenry, January 9, 1799,
  7. Perrenot, Preston B. (2011). United States Army Grade Insignia Since 1776 (Revised ed.). CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. p. 26. ISBN 978-1448656875.
  8. Army Digest: The Official Magazine Of The Department Of The Army. Vol. 22, no. 12. December 1967. p. 48.{{cite magazine}}:Missing or empty |title= ()
  9. Emerson, William K. (1996). Encyclopedia of United States Army Insignia and Uniforms. Norman - London: University of Oklahoma Press. pp. 14–15.
  10. {cite book|author-last=Emerson |author-first=William K. |title=Encyclopedia of United States Army Insignia and Uniforms |publisher=University of Oklahoma Press |location=Norman - London |date=1996 |pages=437}}
  11. "History of Enlisted Ranks". 29 June 2010. Archived from the original on 29 June 2010. Retrieved30 April 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  12. "U.S. Army Institute of Heraldry-History of Enlisted Ranks". Archived from the original on 29 June 2010. Retrieved30 April 2017.
  13. Broderick, Justin T. (2013). "Timeline of U.S. Army Enlisted Ranks, 1920 to Present". uniform-reference.net. Retrieved11 February 2021.
  14. "History of U.S. Army Enlisted Grades". The Institute of Heraldry. Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army. Retrieved11 February 2021.

United States Army enlisted rank insignia Article Talk Language Watch Edit This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources United States Army enlisted rank insignia news newspapers books scholar JSTOR June 2012 Learn how and when to remove this template message The chart below shows the current enlisted rank insignia of the United States Army with seniority and pay grade increasing from right to left The enlisted ranks of corporal E 4 and higher are considered non commissioned officers NCOs The rank of specialist is also in pay grade E 4 but does not hold non commissioned officer status it is common that a soldier may never hold the rank of corporal and instead be promoted from specialist to sergeant attaining junior NCO status at that time Uniformed services pay grade E 9 E 8 E 7 E 6 E 5 E 4 E 3 E 2 E 1 United States Army 1 vte No insigniaSenior Enlisted Advisor to the Chairman Sergeant Major of the Army Command sergeant major Sergeant major First sergeant Master sergeant Sergeant first class Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Specialist Private first class Private PrivateAbbreviation SEAC SMA CSM SGM 1SG MSG SFC SSG SGT CPL SPC PFC PV2 PV1 NATO code OR 9 OR 8 OR 7 OR 6 OR 5 OR 4 OR 3 OR 2 OR 1 PVT is also used as an abbreviation for both private ranks when pay grade need not be distinguished 2 SP4 is sometimes encountered as an abbreviation for specialist instead of SPC This is a holdover from when there were additional specialist ranks at pay grades E 5 to E 7 First sergeant is considered a temporary and lateral rank and is senior to master sergeant A first sergeant can revert to master sergeant upon leaving assignment In the beginning US Army enlisted rank was indicated by colored epaulets The use of chevrons came into being in 1821 with the orientation changing over time from point down to point up and back again to the point down orientation seen in the American Civil War Around the turn of the 20th century point up wear of chevrons returned and has remained so Contents 1 History 1 1 1775 1821 epaulets 1 2 1821 1832 chevrons and wings vs epaulettes 1 3 1832 1851 epaulettes and slashflaps 1 4 1846 1903 chevrons point down except for 1847 1851 1 5 1902 present chevrons point up 1 5 1 1902 1920 1 5 2 1920 1942 1 5 3 1942 1948 1 5 4 1948 1956 1 5 5 1956 1985 1 5 6 2000 present 2 Command roles 3 Forms of address 4 Timeline of changes 5 See also 6 Explanatory notes 7 References 8 External linksHistory Edit1775 1821 epaulets Edit This section needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed November 2020 Learn how and when to remove this template message See also Continental Army Rank insignia From the creation of the United States Army to 1821 non commissioned officer NCO and staff non commissioned officer SNCO rank was distinguished by the wearing of usually worsted epaulets From 1775 to 1779 sergeants and corporals wore one epaulet on the right shoulder corporals of green color sergeants of red color From May 1778 the newly created ranks of SNCOs i e sergeants major quartermaster sergeants drum majors and fife majors wore a red epaulette on each shoulder 3 In 1779 sergeants were authorized two silk epaulets corporals one worsted to wear on the right shoulder The color was white infantry yellow artillery or blue cavalry 4 In practice it seems the prescribed blue epaulettes for cavalry NCO never came in wide use while the wearing of white epaulettes prevailed By 1783 84 the Continental Army was discharged For a few weeks only 55 artillerymen at West Point and 25 men at Fort Pitt were to remain In August 1784 the 700 men strong First American Regiment including two companies of artillery was organized as kind of an army substitute In October 1786 by approval of Congress this force should expand to a Legionary Corps of additional infantry rifle troops artillery and dragoons But this project never materialized In 1791 the Second Regiment of Infantry was raised and organized as the First Regiment Both units amalgamated in 1792 with the Legion of the United States including artillery and dragoons the first federal mounted force since the discharge of the Continental Light Dragoons in 1783 that then transformed into the US Army in 1796 From 1787 SNCOs wore silk epaulets sergeants two worsted and corporals one worsted In the same year the epaulets color of cavalry NCOs officially changed from blue to white At that time the federal mounted force of two troops of dragoons existed only on paper and never got beyond the planning stage see above 4 The sergeant major insignia included a brass half crescent placed on the skirt of the epaulet 5 In 1799 red worsted epaulets were prescribed for all NCOs in all branches SNCOs on both shoulders sergeants on the right shoulder corporals on the left Chief musicians were identified by two white epaulets 6 Shortly after in the year 1800 the color of the epaulets was changed to yellow for chief musicians in to blue In reality the artillery NCOs ignored the order of 1799 and maintained their yellow epaulets as did a company of bombardiers sappers and miners recruited during the War of 1812 In 1808 also the infantry NCOs switched back to their former white epaulets as did the newly raised light dragoons whose remaining men and officers were folded into the Corps of Artillery in 1815 4 SNCOs wore two worsted epaulettes with crescent sergeants had two plain worsted epaulettes while corporals wore one epaulette on the right shoulder 7 1821 1832 chevrons and wings vs epaulettes Edit Between 1821 and 1895 the U S Army insignia of rank for enlisted soldiers above the grade of private was generally the chevron a V shaped piece of cloth or braid typically worn on the sleeve With exceptions from 1832 to 1846 when chevrons were abolished and from 1847 to 1851 chevrons worn points up the chevrons were a worn point down From 1821 to 1832 enlisted personnel except staff artillery and engineers wore dark blue wings trimmed in yellow infantry in white on each shoulder and a horizontal row of four gold infantry silver buttons on each cuff Additionally senior NCOs quartermaster sergeant sergeant major drum major and fife major wore a single point up yellow infantry white chevron on each upper sleeve from 1825 a chevron and arc sergeants wore their chevrons on the lower sleeves from 1825 on the upper sleeves corporals had just a single chevron on the right upper sleeve but from 1825 one chevron on both lower sleeves This system echoed the grading system of company grade officers from 1821 to 1832 except General Staff artillery engineer and field officers who wore epaulets instead of wings For enlisted personnel in staff artillery and engineers the system of epaulets yellow for all grades was retained senior NCOs were indicated by a pair of epaulets with a brass crescent sergeants with no crescents and corporals just a single epaulet on the right shoulder From the early days of the Continental Army the wearing of a sword and a crimson worsted sash had served as a badge of rank for all sergeant grades Since 1821 the worsted sash became a privilege to first sergeants and above only 8 In 1872 sashes would cease being worn by all ranks except for general officer ranks who retained their buff sashes until 1917 9 The wearing of the M1840 NCO sword would be abolished by general orders No 77 dated August 6 1875 1832 1851 epaulettes and slashflaps Edit These parallel existing systems were superseded in 1832 From then on to 1851 since 1846 only with dress uniform enlisted personnel wore a pair of yellow infantry white cloth epaulets with 2 1 2 long and 1 8 in diameter worsted fringe privates very short fringe Contrary to this senior NCOs wore epaulets with gold fringe but from about 1835 worsted bullion with a metal crescent and a coat with two rows of ten buttons that ended 3 1 2 above the knees while all other enlisted personnel had single breasted coats with nine buttons that ended 7 above the knees 10 In addition there were on the cuffs a slashflap with yellow infantry white lace and a vertical row of several golds infantry silver buttons depending on grade senior sergeants wore four flaps and buttons sergeant wore three flaps and buttons corporals and privates wore two flaps and buttons A sergeant major had a red plume on the dress hat a quartermaster sergeant had a light blue plume The orderly sergeant had no plume but wore a red waist sash 7 After the two regiments of light dragoons were first amalgamated into one and then transferred to the artillery in 1814 15 a federal mounted force ceased to exist In 1832 a battalion of United States Mounted Rangers was formed just to be disbanded and replaced by the United States Regiment of Dragoons in 1833 In place of worsted epaulets enlisted dragoon ranks wore metal brass shoulder scales thus inspiring yellow as new branch color for mounted units 4 1846 1903 chevrons point down except for 1847 1851 Edit See also Uniforms of the American Civil War Chevrons 1846 1847 Dragoons Sergeant Major Infantry Staff NCOs Wore Shoulder Cords Artillery First SergeantWore a Sash Mounted RiflemenSergeant EngineerCorporalChevrons 1847 1851 Infantry Sergeant Major Artillery Quartermaster Sergeant Mounted Riflemen First Sergeant Cavalry Sergeant Engineer Corporal Complementary for undress a new system of yellow infantry white chevrons was introduced in 1846 In 1846 the chevrons were pointed down from 1847 to 1851 they were pointing up All sergeants were indicated by three chevrons Sgt Maj and Qm Sgt additionally with a gold shoulder cord 1846 but from 1847 instead of three chevrons with three arcs below for Sgt Maj for Qm Sgt with three bars below Orderly Sgt i e First Sgt in 1846 three chevrons and a red worsted waist sash from 1847 a hollow diamond below the three chevrons and no waist sash Corporals wore two chevrons privates none However in 1851 the Army changed to point down wear for all enlisted grades and directed that chevrons would be worn in the new branch of service colors of sky blue for the infantry dark green for riflemen and mounted rifles orange for dragoons from 1851 to 1861 yellow for cavalry red for artillery and green for the medical department In 1895 the Army introduced a new enlisted rank system that became the basis for the system used in World War I Metal branch of service insignia was first adopted in 1832 the hunting horn being adopted as the infantry s insignia They are worn on the cap with the regimental number inset in or just above it 7 1902 present chevrons point up Edit 1902 1920 Edit This section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed November 2020 Learn how and when to remove this template message See also United States Army enlisted rank insignia of World War I Chevrons of the 1902 type Cavalry Color Sergeant Infantry First Sergeant Engineer Sergeant First Class Ordnance Sergeant First Class Signal Corps Sergeant First Class Smaller rank insignia that were to be worn point up was introduced in 1902 but with the transition from the older larger point down insignia to the new versions there was some confusion concerning the proper manner of wear of the new insignia War Department Circular 61 of 1905 directed that the points be placed up and designated certain colors for each branch of the military for uniformity During World War I troops overseas in France used standard buff stripes inset with trade badges in the place of colored branch stripes or rank badges Rank grades were numbered from the top down from the general of the army as number 1 to corporal number 19 NCO ranks were grades 13 through 19 Confusingly pay grades were different less senior ranks with more technical training being paid more than senior staff NCOs On 22 July 1919 the military approved an arc of one bar a trade badge over a single arc rocker for a private first class This was later changed to a single chevron in 1920 1920 1942 Edit This section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed November 2020 Learn how and when to remove this template message See also United States Army enlisted rank insignia of World War II 1920 1942 The Joint Service Pay Readjustment Act of 1922 Public Law 67 235 June 10 1922 divided the grades into inverse pay grades for enlisted personnel Grades 7 through 1 and pay periods Periods 1 through 8 for officers The pay rates would stay the same from July 1 1922 to May 1942 In 1920 the rank system was simplified and the rank stripes were reduced to 3 125 inches in width The rank of sergeant major was discontinued and the confusing system of trade badges and rank insignia was abolished Branch of service colored stripes were abandoned in favor of standard buff on blue stripes The use of bars under chevrons to designate senior support arm NCOs was abolished and all branches used arcs under chevrons to denote senior NCOs The rank insignia was reduced to seven grades and eight ranks the first sergeant was considered a senior grade of technical sergeant and were numbered from G1 for the highest rank master sergeant to G7 for the lowest private second class Subdued olive drab on khaki stripes were created for wear with the class C khaki uniform The rank of specialist was adopted It was grade G 6 but received a pay bonus from 5 specialist sixth class to 25 specialist first class Specialists had the same single chevron of a private first class but were considered between the ranks of private first class and corporal in seniority This was very confusing as the difference between a private first class and a specialist could not be determined at first glance in addition to any specialty they may have had as trade badges had been eliminated Unofficial insignia adopted by post commands granted specialists one to six arcs under their chevron ranging from one for specialist sixth class to six for specialist first class to indicate their grade and trade badges inset between their stripes to indicate their specialty 1942 1948 Edit This section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed November 2020 Learn how and when to remove this template message See also United States Army enlisted rank insignia of World War II 1942 1948 In 1942 there were several overdue reforms The pay was increased for all ranks for the first time in two decades and combat pay was introduced The rank of the first sergeant was now considered a junior version of master sergeant and the confusing specialist ranks were abolished The specialist ranks were replaced by the distinct ranks of technician third grade equivalent to a staff sergeant technician fourth grade equivalent to a sergeant and technician fifth grade equivalent to a corporal Technicians were inferior to non commissioned officers of the same grade but superior to all grades below them They had the same insignia as the regular rank of their grade but with a cloth T inset below their stripes The subdued insignia was abolished but could still be worn with the Class C khaki uniform until they wore out 1948 1956 Edit This section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed November 2020 Learn how and when to remove this template message Chevrons of 19481st Grade 2nd Grade 3rd Grade 4th Grade 5th Grade First Sergeant Master Sergeant Technical Sergeant Staff Sergeant Corporal Private First Class1st Sgt M Sgt T Sgt S Sgt Cpl Pfc In 1948 the pay grades were broken up into seven E enlisted and non commissioned officer two W warrant officer and eleven O officer grades The technician s ranks were abolished and were absorbed into their equivalent line ranks The rank of private was divided into the ranks of private Grade E7 private second class Grade E6 and private first class Grade E5 Corporal was regraded as Grade E4 Sergeant Grade E3 was a career soldier rank and its former three chevron insignia was abolished and replaced with the three chevrons and an arc of the rank of staff sergeant The rank of staff sergeant was discontinued and the rank of technical sergeant Grade E2 was renamed sergeant first class The rank of first sergeant Grade E1 was absorbed into the senior rank of master sergeant Grade E1 Also in 1948 the old buff on blue insignia was abolished In their place was a new system of smaller 2 inches wide and narrower chevrons and arcs that were instead differenced by color called the Goldenlite system with subdued dark blue stripes on bright yellow backing for combat arms and yellow stripes on dark blue for support arms They were not popular Combat arm NCOs found their stripes were hard to identify unless the viewer was very close making it hard to rally and lead troops Support arm NCOs found their stripes too small to be easily seen at a distance making it hard to tell their seniority at a glance When the US Army entered the Korean War it was found that troops in combat abandoned the new insignia They either used the support arm stripes purchased the old larger buff on blue stripes from Post Exchanges or Army Navy stores or used hand cut or tailor made copies The small Goldenlite stripes were abandoned in February 1951 and the dark blue on yellow insignia was abolished Larger 3 inch wide olive drab on dark blue stripes were adopted for servicemen In 1950 the Women s Army Corps WAC were issued new Goldenlite yellow on brown insignia for wear with the taupe WAC uniform It was the same size as the men s small 2 inch wide Goldenlite stripes Female personnel would wear the smaller 2 inch insignia until 1998 well after male personnel was issued larger 3 inch wide insignia in 1951 In 1951 WACs were assigned surplus men s Goldenlite Yellow on dark blue stripes for wear with olive drab or fatigue uniforms Also in 1951 the optional white WAC dress uniform was now authorized for wear by enlisted and NCO ranks a and 2 inch Goldenlite yellow on white stripes were created to be worn with it The 1950s brought a lot of changes In 1951 the pay grade numbering was reversed with the lowest enlisted rank being numbered 1 and the highest enlisted rank is 7 By 1955 as stated in Army Regulation 615 15 dated 2 July 1954 new grade structures were announced reactivating the specialist rank specialist 3rd class E 4 or SP3 specialist 2nd class E 5 or SP2 specialist 1st class E 6 or SP1 and master specialist E 7 or MSP The specialist insignia was the same smaller and narrower size as the old Goldenlite stripes to differentiate specialists from non commissioned officers 1956 1985 Edit This section needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed November 2020 Learn how and when to remove this template message In 1956 the Army began wearing polished black leather boots instead of the traditional unpolished russet leather as late as the early 1980s older soldiers who had served before 1956 said they were in the brown boot army and the Army Green uniform with Goldenlite Yellow on green rank stripes was adopted The new enlisted rank insignia were then used on all Army uniforms e g Green Khaki and fatigue Enlisted rank insignia with a blue background was worn on the Army Blue Dress uniform In 1957 a 2 inch wide set of Goldenlite Yellow on blue stripes were worn with the new optional Army Blue WAC dress uniform In 1959 a 2 inch wide set of Goldenlite Yellow on green stripes were worn with the new Army Green WAC duty uniform they replaced the taupe WAC service uniform by 1961 Although the WAC was disestablished in 1978 the Army Green WAC uniform would be in use until 1985 Chevrons of 1958E9 E8 E7 E6 E5 E4 E3 Sergeant Major First Sergeant Master Sergeant Sergeant First Class Staff Sergeant Sergeant Corporal Private First ClassSGM 1SG MSG SFC SSG SGT CPL PFC In 1958 as part of a rank restructuring two pay grades and four ranks were added sergeant E 5 returned to its traditional three chevron insignia E 6 became staff sergeant which had been eliminated in 1948 with its previous three chevrons and one arc insignia sergeant first class became E 7 master sergeant became E 8 which included first sergeant and specialist 8 and E 9 which included sergeant major and specialist 9 In 1959 the specialist insignia was made the same size and width as non commissioned officer s stripes In 1961 the wearing of large Goldenlite Yellow on green stripes was adopted for use on all Army uniforms green khaki and fatigue except for the Army dress blue uniform which used large insignia with a blue background In 1965 the ranks of specialist 8 and specialist 9 were discontinued and private first class was briefly termed lance corporal Specialist insignia of 1959E9 E8 E7 E6 E5 E4 Specialist 9 Specialist 8 Specialist 7 Specialist 6 Specialist 5 Specialist 4SP9 SP8 SP7 SP6 SP5 SP4 In 1966 the rank of Sergeant Major of the Army was established its holder an assistant to the Army chief of staff Considered a higher grade than sergeant major or than command sergeant major from 1968 the Sergeant Major of the Army didn t receive its unique rank insignia until 1979 In 1968 the rank of command sergeant major was established as an assistant to the commanding officer at battalion brigade division and corps levels Also that year the insignia of the private first class received one arc under the chevron In 1978 the rank of specialist 7 was discontinued In 1979 brass enlisted rank pins were created for wear on black epaulets with the Army Green shirt and black wooly pully sweater In 1985 the ranks of specialist 5 and specialist 6 were discontinued 11 2000 present Edit This section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed November 2020 Learn how and when to remove this template message In 2006 the blue Army Service Uniform ASU was adopted to replace the army green uniform and the yellow on blue stripes were reintroduced Subsequently the blue uniform was returned to formal dress use only in 2020 as the army reintroduced a green daily service uniform modeled after the pinks and greens officers service uniform from World War II The enlisted insignia on this uniform is pale tan stripes on an olive green background Command roles EditThis section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed November 2020 Learn how and when to remove this template message The headquarters of each company sized unit is assigned a senior non commissioned officer NCO who as the highest ranking enlisted person in the company battery troop monitors the enlisted personnel and is their advocate with the commanding officer This position is known as the first sergeant though the person carrying that title does not have to have that rank In a battalion or larger unit the senior NCO is a sergeant major The rank of sergeant major is usually carried by the senior NCO of the S 3 staff section in a battalion regiment or a brigade and in most staff sections in larger units The command sergeant major fills an advisory function assisting the commander of a battalion regiment brigade or higher formation in personnel matters The Sergeant Major of the Army has a similar role assisting the Army Chief of Staff In terms of command the rank of a person typically determines what job and command the soldier has within a unit For personnel in US Army mechanized infantry a Bradley infantry fighting vehicle M2A2 is commanded by a Staff Sergeant the gun is manned by a Specialist or Sergeant and the driver is Specialist or below For armor the Abrams main battle tank M1A2 is commanded by a captain lieutenant sergeant first class or staff sergeant the gunner is a staff sergeant or sergeant and the driver and loader are specialists or below Forms of address EditThis section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed November 2020 Learn how and when to remove this template message Forms of address specified in Army Regulation AR 600 20 Army Command Policy are Sergeant Major and First Sergeant for those holding those ranks and Sergeant for master sergeants sergeants first class staff sergeants and sergeants Corporals and specialists are addressed by their rank Privates first class and privates both PV1 and PV2 can all be addressed as Private In some cases informal titles are used Top is commonly used as an informal address to first sergeants or anyone serving as a company first sergeant Infield artillery units a platoon sergeant usually an E 7 is informally referred to as Smoke from chief of smoke a reference to when units fired as whole batteries of between four and six guns and the senior NCO position was Chief of Firing Battery The junior E 7 position is designated as Gunnery Sergeant and similar to the USMC usage is typically referred to as Gunny Field artillery cannon sections are led by section chiefs usually an E 6 are often informally called Chief This does not seem to be common in other section based unit subdivisions such as staff sections In some smaller units with more tight knit squads soldiers might call their squad leader Boss or a similar respectful term A habit that has all but died out is the addressing of a platoon sergeant in any unit other than artillery being affectionately called a platoon daddy in casual conversation or jest but never in any official communication of any type In some training units BCT and AIT or OSUT trainees are called Private regardless of the rank worn Special titles such as drill sergeant and gunnery sergeant are specific to certain jobs position title and should not be confused for actual rank Other services differ such as the Marine Corps which address each other by full rank Some terms are used jokingly when referring to a soldier s rank For instance specialists are sometimes jokingly referred to as The E 4 Mafia referring to their pay grade of E 4 Command Private Major Specialist Major Full Bird Private from the eagle on their shield Sham Shield from their stereotype of shamming it or malingering PV4 or Spec 4 about the old specialist grades which at one point went up to Specialist 9 Privates PV2 rank insignia are sometimes called Mosquito Wings from the appearance of the single chevron Privates are called Buck Privates because they are the lowest rank of private An E 1 Private may be referred to as E Nothing or PV Nothing as opposed to PV2 the next rank due to their lack of rank insignia E 1 Privates were also called a Fuzzy or E Fuzzy during the War on Terror era due to the bare velcro patch holders on the Army Combat Uniform ACU Timeline of changes EditThis table shows changes in insignia from 1905 until the present 12 13 14 US DoD Pay Grade E 9 E 8 E 7 E 6 E 5 E 4 E 3 E 2 E 11905 No equivalent No insigniaRegimental sergeant major Regimental supply sergeant Battalion sergeant major Color sergeant First sergeant Mess sergeant Stable sergeant Company supply sergeant Sergeant Corporal Private1920 No equivalent No insigniaRegimental sergeant major Regimental supply sergeant Battalion sergeant major Color sergeant First sergeant Mess sergeant Stable sergeant Company supply sergeant Sergeant Corporal Lance corporal Private first class PrivateSeptember 1920 No equivalent No insigniaMaster sergeant First sergeant Technical sergeant Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Private first class PrivateSeptember 1942 No equivalent No insigniaFirst sergeant Master sergeant Technical sergeant Staff sergeant Technician 3rd grade Sergeant Technician 4th grade Corporal Technician 5th grade Private first class PrivateAugust 1948 No equivalent No insignia No insigniaFirst sergeant Combat and noncombat Master sergeant Combat and noncombat Sergeant first class Combat and noncombat Sergeant Combat and noncombat Corporal Combat and noncombat Private first class Combat and noncombat Private RecruitFebruary 1951 No equivalent No insignia No insigniaFirst sergeant Master sergeant Sergeant first class Sergeant Corporal Private first class Private RecruitMarch 1955 No equivalent No insignia No insigniaFirst sergeant Master sergeant Master specialist Sergeant first class Specialist first class Sergeant Specialist 2nd class Corporal Specialist 3rd class Private first class Private RecruitSeptember 1959 No insignia No insigniaSergeant major Specialist 9 First sergeant Master sergeant Specialist 8 Sergeant first class Specialist 7 Staff sergeant Specialist 6 Sergeant Specialist 5 Corporal Specialist 4 Private first class Private E 2 Private E 11965 No insignia No insigniaSergeant major First sergeant Master sergeant Sergeant first class Specialist 7 Staff sergeant Specialist 6 Sergeant Specialist 5 Corporal Specialist 4 Private first class Private E 2 Private E 1May 1968 No insigniaCommand sergeant major Staff sergeant major b First sergeant Master sergeant Sergeant first class Specialist 7 Staff sergeant Specialist 6 Sergeant Specialist 5 Corporal Specialist 4 Private first class Private E 2 Private E 11978 No insigniaCommand sergeant major Sergeant major First sergeant Master sergeant Sergeant first class Staff sergeant Specialist 6 Sergeant Specialist 5 Corporal Specialist 4 Private first class Private E 2 Private E 11979 No insigniaSergeant major of the Army Command sergeant major Sergeant major First sergeant Master sergeant Sergeant first class Staff sergeant Specialist 6 Sergeant Specialist 5 Corporal Specialist 4 Private first class Private E 2 Private E 11985 No insigniaSergeant major of the Army Command sergeant major Sergeant major First sergeant Master sergeant Sergeant first class Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Specialist Private first class Private E 2 Private E 11994 No insigniaSergeant major of the Army Command sergeant major Sergeant major First sergeant Master sergeant Sergeant first class Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Specialist Private first class Private E 2 Private E 12019 No insigniaSenior Enlisted Advisor to the Chairman Sergeant major of the Army Command sergeant major Sergeant major First sergeant Master sergeant Sergeant first class Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Specialist Private first class Private E 2 Private E 1NATO Code OR 9 OR 8 OR 7 OR 6 OR 5 OR 4 OR 3 OR 2 OR 1See also EditUnited States Army officer rank insignia United States warrant officer rank insigniaExplanatory notes Edit The white WAC uniform was originally issued in 1944 for tropical and hot weather wear by WAC officers Changed to Sergeant major in 1971 References Edit U S Army Ranks army mil United States Army Retrieved 27 May 2021 Archived copy PDF Archived from the original PDF on 6 February 2012 Retrieved 1 April 2012 a href wiki Template Cite web title Template Cite web cite web a CS1 maint archived copy as title link Moore Jr Robert J Haynes Michael 2003 Lewis amp Clark tailor made trail worn army life clothing amp weapons of the Corps of Discovery Helena Montana Farcountry Press p 160 ISBN 1560372389 a b c d Hogan Jr David W Fisch Jr Arnold G 2009 The Story of the Noncommissioned Officer Corps The Backbone of the Army Washington D C Center of Military History United States Army p 303 ISBN 978 0 16 067869 1 Perrenot Preston B 2011 United States Army Grade Insignia Since 1776 Revised ed CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform p 18 ISBN 978 1448656875 Presidential order concerning the Uniform for the Army of the United States issued through Secretary of War James McHenry January 9 1799 a b c Perrenot Preston B 2011 United States Army Grade Insignia Since 1776 Revised ed CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform p 26 ISBN 978 1448656875 Army Digest The Official Magazine Of The Department Of The Army Vol 22 no 12 December 1967 p 48 a href wiki Template Cite magazine title Template Cite magazine cite magazine a Missing or empty title help Emerson William K 1996 Encyclopedia of United States Army Insignia and Uniforms Norman London University of Oklahoma Press pp 14 15 cite book author last Emerson author first William K title Encyclopedia of United States Army Insignia and Uniforms publisher University of Oklahoma Press location Norman London date 1996 pages 437 History of Enlisted Ranks 29 June 2010 Archived from the original on 29 June 2010 Retrieved 30 April 2017 a href wiki Template Cite web title Template Cite web cite web a CS1 maint bot original URL status unknown link U S Army Institute of Heraldry History of Enlisted Ranks Archived from the original on 29 June 2010 Retrieved 30 April 2017 Broderick Justin T 2013 Timeline of U S Army Enlisted Ranks 1920 to Present uniform reference net Retrieved 11 February 2021 History of U S Army Enlisted Grades The Institute of Heraldry Office of the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army Retrieved 11 February 2021 External links Edit U S Army Ranks U S Army Retrieved 8 August 2019 US Army Rank and Insignia Army Regulation 600 20 Table 1 1 lists all current enlisted ranks the correct form of address the associated pay grade and the correct abbreviation Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title United States Army enlisted rank insignia amp oldid 1092480830, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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