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The United States census of 2010 was the twenty-third United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million people as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

Twenty-third census
of the United States

2000 April 1, 2010 2020

Seal of the U.S. Census Bureau
2010 U.S. census logo
General information
CountryUnited States
Results
Total population308,745,538 ( 9.7%)
Mostpopulous​stateCalifornia (37,253,956)
Leastpopulous​stateWyoming (563,826)

Contents

As required by the United States Constitution, the U.S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U.S. census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U.S. census is required by law of persons living in the United States in Title 13 of the United States Code.

On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves personally inaugurated the 2010 census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska. More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U.S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010. The number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was approximately 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today."

The 2010 census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up" (NRFU).

In December 2010, the U.S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U.S. President for apportionment, and later in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states.

Personally identifiable information will be available in 2082.

The Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information. The 2010 census used only a short form asking ten basic questions:

  1. How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010?
  2. Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: (checkboxes for: children; relatives; non-relatives; people staying temporarily; none)
  3. Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – [Checkboxes for owned with a mortgage, owned free and clear, rented, occupied without rent.]
  4. What is your telephone number?
  5. What is Person 1's name? (last, first)
  6. What is Person 1's sex? (male, female)
  7. What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth?
  8. Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? (checkboxes for: "No", and several for "Yes" which specify groups of countries)
  9. What is Person 1's race? (checkboxes for 14 including "other". One possibility was "Black, African Am., or Negro")
  10. Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? (checkboxes for "No", and several locations for "Yes")

The form included space to repeat some or all of these questions for up to twelve residents total.

In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download.

Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey. The survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years. A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, and no household will receive it more than once every five years.

In June 2009, the U.S. Census Bureau announced that it would count same-sex married couples. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option. When noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples (whether same-sex or opposite-sex) who were not married.

The 2010 census cost $13 billion, approximately $42 per capita; by comparison, the 2010 census per-capita cost for China was about US$1 and for India was US$0.40. Operational costs were $5.4 billion, significantly under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office (GAO) noted that the cost of conducting the census has approximately doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, and at that time, had estimated the 2010 census cost to be $11 billion.

In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in significantly under budget; of an almost $7 billion operational budget:

  • $650 million was saved in the budget for the door-to-door questioning (NRFU) phase because 72% of households returned mailed questionnaires;
  • $150 million was saved because of lower-than-planned costs in areas including Alaska and tribal lands; and
  • the $800 million emergency fund was not needed.

Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency also has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be immediately reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U.S. households that did not reply by mail were based on such outside interviews, Groves said.

In 2005, Lockheed Martin won a six-year, $500 million contract to capture and standardize data for the census. The contract included systems, facilities, and staffing. The final value of that contract was in excess of one billion dollars. Information technology was about a quarter of the projected $11.3 billion cost of the decennial census. The use of high-speed document scanning technology, such as ImageTrac scanners developed by IBML, helped Lockheed Martin complete the project on schedule and under budget.

This was the first census to use hand-held computing devices with GPS capability, although they were only used for the address canvassing operation. Enumerators (information gatherers) that had operational problems with the device understandably made negative reports. During the 2009 Senate confirmation hearings for Robert Groves, President Obama's Census Director appointee, there was much mention of contracting problems but very little criticism of the units themselves. The Census Bureau chose to conduct the primary operation, Non-Response Follow Up (NRFU), without using the handheld computing devices.

Due to allegations surrounding previous censuses that poor people and non-whites are routinely undercounted, for the 2010 census, the Census Bureau tried to avoid that bias by enlisting tens of thousands of intermediaries, such as churches, charities and firms, to explain to people the importance of being counted.

The Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now (ACORN) was given a contract to help publicize the importance of the census count and to encourage individuals to fill out their forms. In September 2009, after controversial undercover videos showing four ACORN staffers giving tax advice to a man and a woman posing as a prostitute, the bureau canceled ACORN's contract. Various American celebrities, including Demi Lovato and Eva Longoria, were used in public service announcements targeting younger people to fill out census forms. Wilmer Valderrama and Rosario Dawson have helped spread census awareness among young Hispanics, a historically low participating ethnicity in the U.S. census. Rapper Ludacris also participated in efforts to spread awareness of the 2010 census.

The Census Bureau hired about 635,000 people to find those U.S. residents who had not returned their forms by mail; as of May 28, 2010, 113 census workers had been victims of crime while conducting the census.[needs update] As of June 29, there were 436 incidents involving assaults or threats against enumerators, more than double the 181 incidents in 2000; one enumerator, attempting to hand-deliver the census forms to a Hawaii County police officer, was arrested for trespassing – the officer's fellow policemen made the arrest.

Some political conservatives and libertarians questioned the validity of the questions and even encouraged people to refuse to answer questions for privacy and constitutional reasons. Michele Bachmann, a former conservative Republican Representative from Minnesota, stated that she would not fill out her census form other than to indicate the number of people living in her household because "the Constitution doesn't require any information beyond that." Former Republican representative and Libertarian presidential candidate Bob Barr stated that the census has become too intrusive, going beyond the mere enumeration (i.e., count) intended by the framers of the U.S. Constitution. According to political commentator Juan Williams, "Census participation rates have been declining since 1970, and if conservatives don't participate, doubts about its accuracy and credibility may become fatal."

As a result, the Census Bureau undertook an unprecedented advertising campaign targeted at encouraging white political conservatives to fill out their forms, in the hope of avoiding an undercount of this group. The 2010 U.S. census was the primary sponsor at NASCAR races in Atlanta, Bristol, and Martinsville, and sponsored the No. 16 Ford Fusion driven by Greg Biffle for part of the season, because of a marketing survey that indicated most NASCAR fans lean politically conservative. It also ran an advertisement during the 2010 Super Bowl, and hired singer Marie Osmond, who is thought to have many conservative fans, to publicize the census.

The 435 seats of the House grouped by state, as apportioned after the 2010 census

The results of the 2010 census determined the number of seats that each state received in the United States House of Representatives starting with the 2012 elections. Consequently, this affected the number of votes each state had in the Electoral College for the 2012 presidential election.

Because of population changes, eighteen states had changes in their number of seats. Eight states gained at least one seat, and ten states lost at least one seat. The final result involved 12 seats being switched.

Some objected to the counting of persons who are in the United States illegally. Senators David Vitter (R-LA) and Bob Bennett (R-UT) tried unsuccessfully to add questions on immigration status to the census form.

Organizations such as the Prison Policy Initiative argued that the census counts of incarcerated men and women as residents of prisons, rather than of their pre-incarceration addresses, skewed political clout and resulted in misleading demographic and population data.

The term "Negro" was used in the questionnaire as one of the options for African Americans (Question 9. What is Person (number)'s race? ... Black, African Am., or Negro) as a choice to describe one's race. Census Bureau spokesman Jack Martin explained that "many older African-Americans identified themselves that way, and many still do. Those who identify themselves as Negroes need to be included." The word was also used in the 2000 census, with over 56,000 people identifying themselves as "Negro".

The 2010 census contained ten questions about age, gender, ethnicity, home ownership, and household relationships. Six of the ten questions were to be answered for each individual in the household. Federal law has provisions for fining those who refuse to complete the census form.

Detroit Mayor Dave Bing held a press conference on March 22, 2011, to announce that the city would challenge its census results. The challenge, being led by the city's planning department, cited an inconsistency as an example showing a downtown census tract which lost only 60 housing units, but 1,400 people, implying that a downtown jail or dormitory was missed in canvassing.

NYC Mayor Michael Bloomberg held a conference on March 27, 2011, to announce that the city would also challenge his city's census results, specifically the apparent undercounting in the boroughs of Queens and Brooklyn. Bloomberg said that the numbers for Queens and Brooklyn, the two most populous boroughs, are implausible. According to the census, they grew by only 0.1% and 1.6%, respectively, while the other boroughs grew by between 3% and 5%. He also stated that the census showed improbably high numbers of vacant housing in vital neighborhoods such as Jackson Heights, Queens.

The District of Columbia announced in August 2011 that it would also challenge its census results. The Mayor's Office claimed that the detailed information provided for 549 census blocks is "nonsensical", listing examples of census data that show housing units located in the middle of a street that does not actually exist. However, officials do not believe the city's total population will drastically change as a result of the challenge.

The state with the highest percentage rate of growth was Nevada, while the state with the largest population increase was Texas. Michigan, the 8th largest by population, was the only state to lose population (although Puerto Rico, a U.S. territory, lost population as well), and the District of Columbia saw its first gain since the 1950s. Note that the resident populations listed below do not include people living overseas. For Congressional apportionment, the sum of a state's resident population and its population of military personnel and federal contractors living overseas (but not other citizens overseas, such as missionaries or expatriate workers) is used.

A map showing the population change of each US State by percentage.
Population and population change in the United States by state
Rank State Population as of
2000 census
Population as of
2010 census
Change Percent
change
1 California 33,871,648 37,253,956 3,382,308 10.0%
2 Texas 20,851,820 25,145,561 4,293,741 20.6%
3 New York 18,976,457 19,378,102 401,645 2.1%
4 Florida 15,982,378 18,801,310 2,818,932 17.6%
5 Illinois 12,419,293 12,830,632 411,339 3.3%
6 Pennsylvania 12,281,054 12,702,379 421,325 3.4%
7 Ohio 11,353,140 11,536,504 183,364 1.6%
8 Michigan 9,938,444 9,883,640 −54,804 −0.6%
9 Georgia 8,186,453 9,687,653 1,501,200 18.3%
10 North Carolina 8,049,313 9,535,483 1,486,170 18.5%
11 New Jersey 8,414,350 8,791,894 377,544 4.5%
12 Virginia 7,078,515 8,001,024 922,509 13.0%
13 Washington 5,894,121 6,724,540 830,419 14.1%
14 Massachusetts 6,349,097 6,547,629 198,532 3.1%
15 Indiana 6,080,485 6,483,802 403,317 6.6%
16 Arizona 5,130,632 6,392,017 1,261,385 24.6%
17 Tennessee 5,689,283 6,346,105 656,822 11.5%
18 Missouri 5,595,211 5,988,927 393,716 7.0%
19 Maryland 5,296,486 5,773,552 477,066 9.0%
20 Wisconsin 5,363,675 5,686,986 323,311 6.0%
21 Minnesota 4,919,479 5,303,925 384,446 7.8%
22 Colorado 4,301,261 5,029,196 727,935 16.9%
23 Alabama 4,447,100 4,779,736 332,636 7.5%
24 South Carolina 4,012,012 4,625,364 613,352 15.3%
25 Louisiana 4,468,976 4,533,372 64,396 1.4%
26 Kentucky 4,041,769 4,339,367 297,598 7.4%
27 Oregon 3,421,399 3,831,074 409,675 12.0%
28 Oklahoma 3,450,654 3,751,351 300,697 8.7%
29 Connecticut 3,405,565 3,574,097 168,532 4.9%
30 Iowa 2,926,324 3,046,355 120,031 4.1%
31 Mississippi 2,844,658 2,967,297 122,639 4.3%
32 Arkansas 2,673,400 2,915,918 242,518 9.1%
33 Kansas 2,688,418 2,853,118 164,700 6.1%
34 Utah 2,233,169 2,763,885 530,716 23.8%
35 Nevada 1,998,257 2,700,551 702,294 35.1%
36 New Mexico 1,819,046 2,059,179 240,133 13.2%
37 West Virginia 1,808,344 1,852,994 44,650 2.5%
38 Nebraska 1,711,263 1,826,341 115,078 6.7%
39 Idaho 1,293,953 1,567,582 273,629 21.1%
40 Hawaii 1,211,537 1,360,301 148,764 12.3%
41 Maine 1,274,923 1,328,361 53,438 4.2%
42 New Hampshire 1,235,786 1,316,470 80,684 6.5%
43 Rhode Island 1,048,319 1,052,567 4,248 0.4%
44 Montana 902,195 989,415 87,220 9.7%
45 Delaware 783,600 897,934 114,334 14.6%
46 South Dakota 754,844 814,180 59,336 7.9%
47 Alaska 626,932 710,231 83,299 13.3%
48 North Dakota 642,200 672,591 30,391 4.7%
49 Vermont 608,827 625,741 16,914 2.8%
District of Columbia 572,059 601,723 29,664 5.2%
50 Wyoming 493,782 563,626 69,844 14.1%
United States 281,421,906 308,745,538 27,323,632 9.7%

These are core metropolitan rankings versus combined statistical areas. For full list with current data, go to metropolitan statistics.

The top 25 metropolitan statistical areas of the United States of America

Rank Metropolitan statistical area 2010 census Encompassing combined statistical area
1 New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area 19,567,410 New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area
2 Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area 12,828,837 Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA Combined Statistical Area
3 Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area 9,461,105 Chicago-Naperville, IL-IN-WI Combined Statistical Area
4 Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area 6,426,214 Dallas-Fort Worth, TX-OK Combined Statistical Area
5 Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD Metropolitan Statistical Area 5,965,343 Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD Combined Statistical Area
6 Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area 5,920,416 Houston-The Woodlands, TX Combined Statistical Area
7 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area 5,636,232 Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA Combined Statistical Area
8 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area 5,564,635 Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Port St. Lucie, FL Combined Statistical Area
9 Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area 5,286,728 Atlanta–Athens-Clarke County–Sandy Springs, GA Combined Statistical Area
10 Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH Metropolitan Statistical Area 4,552,402 Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT Combined Statistical Area
11 San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area 4,335,391 San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area
12 Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area 4,296,250 Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor, MI Combined Statistical Area
13 Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area 4,224,851 Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA Combined Statistical Area
14 Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ Metropolitan Statistical Area 4,192,887
15 Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA Metropolitan Statistical Area 3,439,809 Seattle-Tacoma, WA Combined Statistical Area
16 Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area 3,348,859 Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI Combined Statistical Area
17 San Diego-Carlsbad, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area 3,095,313
18 St. Louis, MO-IL Metropolitan Statistical Area 2,787,701 St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington, MO-IL Combined Statistical Area
19 Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area 2,783,243
20 Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD Metropolitan Statistical Area 2,710,489 Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA Combined Statistical Area
21 Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area 2,543,482 Denver-Aurora, CO Combined Statistical Area
22 Pittsburgh, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area 2,356,285 Pittsburgh-New Castle-Weirton, PA-OH-WV Combined Statistical Area
23 Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA Metropolitan Statistical Area 2,226,009 Portland-Vancouver-Salem, OR-WA Combined Statistical Area
24 Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC Metropolitan Statistical Area 2,217,012 Charlotte-Concord, NC-SC Combined Statistical Area
25 San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area 2,142,508
Rank City State Population Land area
(square miles)
Population density
(per square mile)
Region
1 New York New York 8,175,133 302.6 27,016.3 Northeast
2 Los Angeles California 3,792,621 468.7 8,091.8 West
3 Chicago Illinois 2,695,598 227.6 11,843.6 Midwest
4 Houston Texas 2,100,263 599.6 3,502.8 South
5 Philadelphia Pennsylvania 1,526,006 134.1 11,379.6 Northeast
6 Phoenix Arizona 1,445,632 516.7 2,797.8 West
7 San Antonio Texas 1,327,407 460.9 2,880.0 South
8 San Diego California 1,307,402 325.2 4,020.3 West
9 Dallas Texas 1,197,816 340.5 3,517.8 South
10 San Jose California 945,942 176.5 5,359.4 West
11 Jacksonville Florida 821,784 747.0 1,100.1 South
12 Indianapolis Indiana 820,445 361.4 2,270.2 Midwest
13 San Francisco California 805,235 46.9 17,169.2 West
14 Austin Texas 790,390 297.9 2,653.2 South
15 Columbus Ohio 787,033 217.2 3,623.5 Midwest
16 Fort Worth Texas 741,206 339.8 2,181.3 South
17 Charlotte North Carolina 731,424 297.7 2,456.9 South
18 Detroit Michigan 713,777 138.8 5,142.5 Midwest
19 El Paso Texas 649,121 255.2 2,543.6 South
20 Memphis Tennessee 646,889 315.1 2,053.0 South
21 Baltimore Maryland 620,961 80.9 7,675.7 South
22 Boston Massachusetts 617,594 48.3 12,786.6 Northeast
23 Seattle Washington 608,660 83.9 7,254.6 West
24 Washington District of Columbia 601,723 61.0 9,864.3 South
25 Nashville Tennessee 601,222 475.1 1,265.5 South
26 Denver Colorado 600,158 153.0 3,922.6 West
27 Louisville Kentucky 597,337 385.09 1,551.2 South
28 Milwaukee Wisconsin 594,833 96.1 6,189.7 Midwest
29 Portland Oregon 583,776 134.3 4,346.8 West
30 Las Vegas Nevada 583,756 135.8 4,298.6 West
31 Oklahoma City Oklahoma 579,999 606.4 956.5 South
32 Albuquerque New Mexico 545,852 187.7 2,908.1 West
33 Tucson Arizona 520,116 226.7 2,294.3 West
34 Fresno California 494,665 112.0 4,416.7 West
35 Sacramento California 466,488 97.9 4,764.9 West
36 Long Beach California 462,257 50.3 9,190.0 West
37 Kansas City Missouri 459,787 315.0 1,459.6 Midwest
38 Mesa Arizona 439,041 136.5 3,216.4 West
39 Virginia Beach Virginia 437,994 249.0 1,759.0 South
40 Atlanta Georgia 420,003 133.2 3,153.2 South
41 Colorado Springs Colorado 416,427 194.5 2,141.0 West
42 Omaha Nebraska 408,958 127.1 3,217.6 Midwest
43 Raleigh North Carolina 403,892 142.9 2,826.4 South
44 Miami Florida 399,457 35.9 11,126.9 South
45 Cleveland Ohio 396,815 77.7 5,107.0 Midwest
46 San Juan Puerto Rico 395,326 47.9 8,253.1
47 Tulsa Oklahoma 391,906 196.8 1,991.4 South
48 Oakland California 390,724 55.8 7,002.2 West
49 Minneapolis Minnesota 382,578 54.0 7,084.8 Midwest
50 Wichita Kansas 382,368 159.3 2,400.3 Midwest
51 Arlington Texas 365,438 95.9 3,810.6 South
52 Bakersfield California 347,483 142.2 2,443.6 West
53 New Orleans Louisiana 343,829 169.4 2,029.7 South
54 Honolulu Hawaii 337,256 60.5 5,574.5 West
55 Anaheim California 336,265 49.8 6,752.3 West
56 Tampa Florida 335,709 113.4 2,960.4 South
57 Aurora Colorado 325,078 154.7 2,101.3 West
58 Santa Ana California 324,528 27.3 11,887.5 West
59 Saint Louis Missouri 319,294 61.9 5,158.2 Midwest
60 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 305,704 55.4 5,518.1 Northeast
61 Corpus Christi Texas 305,215 160.6 1,900.5 South
62 Riverside California 303,871 81.1 3,746.9 West
63 Cincinnati Ohio 296,943 77.9 3,811.8 Midwest
64 Lexington Kentucky 295,803 283.6 1,043.0 South
65 Anchorage Alaska 291,826 1,704.7 171.2 West
66 Stockton California 291,707 61.7 4,727.8 West
67 Toledo Ohio 287,208 80.7 3,559.0 Midwest
68 Saint Paul Minnesota 285,068 52.0 5,482.1 Midwest
69 Newark New Jersey 277,140 24.2 11,452.1 Northeast
70 Greensboro North Carolina 269,666 126.5 2,131.7 South
71 Buffalo New York 261,310 40.4 6,468.1 Northeast
72 Plano Texas 259,841 71.6 3,629.1 South
73 Lincoln Nebraska 258,379 89.1 2,899.9 Midwest
74 Henderson Nevada 257,729 107.7 2,393.0 West
75 Fort Wayne Indiana 253,691 110.6 2,293.8 Midwest
76 Jersey City New Jersey 247,597 14.8 16,729.5 Northeast
77 Saint Petersburg Florida 244,769 61.7 3,967.1 South
78 Chula Vista California 243,916 49.6 4,917.7 West
79 Norfolk Virginia 242,803 54.1 4,488.0 South
80 Orlando Florida 238,300 102.4 2,327.1 South
81 Chandler Arizona 236,123 64.4 3,666.5 West
82 Laredo Texas 236,091 88.9 2,655.7 South
83 Madison Wisconsin 233,209 76.8 3,036.6 Midwest
84 Winston-Salem North Carolina 229,617 132.4 1,734.3 South
85 Lubbock Texas 229,573 122.4 1,875.6 South
86 Baton Rouge Louisiana 229,493 76.9 2,984.3 South
87 Durham North Carolina 228,330 107.4 2,126.0 South
88 Garland Texas 226,876 57.1 3,973.3 South
89 Glendale Arizona 226,721 60.0 3,778.7 West
90 Reno Nevada 225,221 103.0 2,186.6 West
91 Hialeah Florida 224,669 21.5 10,449.7 South
92 Chesapeake Virginia 222,209 340.8 652.0 South
93 Scottsdale Arizona 217,385 183.9 1,182.1 West
94 North Las Vegas Nevada 216,961 101.3 2,141.8 West
95 Irving Texas 216,290 67.0 3,228.2 South
96 Fremont California 214,089 77.5 2,762.4 West
97 Irvine California 212,375 66.1 3,212.9 West
98 Birmingham Alabama 212,237 146.1 1,452.7 South
99 Rochester New York 210,565 35.8 5,881.7 Northeast
100 San Bernardino California 209,924 59.2 3,546.0 West
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2010 United States census Article Talk Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from United States Census 2010 The United States census of 2010 was the twenty third United States national census National Census Day the reference day used for the census was April 1 2010 1 The census was taken via mail in citizen self reporting with enumerators serving to spot check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities As part of a drive to increase the count s accuracy 635 000 temporary enumerators were hired 2 3 The population of the United States was counted as 308 745 538 4 a 9 7 increase from the 2000 census This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million people as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200 000 Twenty third census of the United States 2000 April 1 2010 2020 Seal of the U S Census Bureau2010 U S census logoGeneral informationCountryUnited StatesResultsTotal population308 745 538 9 7 Most populous wbr stateCalifornia 37 253 956 Least populous wbr stateWyoming 563 826 Contents 1 Introduction 2 Major changes 3 Cost 4 Technology 5 Marketing and undercounts 6 Reapportionment 7 Controversies 8 State rankings 9 Metropolitan rankings 10 City rankings 11 See also 12 References 13 External linksIntroduction EditAs required by the United States Constitution the U S census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790 The 2000 U S census was the previous census completed Participation in the U S census is required by law of persons living in the United States in Title 13 of the United States Code 5 On January 25 2010 Census Bureau Director Robert Groves personally inaugurated the 2010 census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson a resident of Noorvik Alaska 6 More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U S Post Office beginning March 15 2010 7 The number of forms mailed out or hand delivered by the Census Bureau was approximately 134 million on April 1 2010 8 Although the questionnaire used April 1 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living an insert dated March 15 2010 included the following printed in bold type Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today The 2010 census national mail participation rate was 74 9 From April through July 2010 census takers visited households that did not return a form an operation called non response follow up NRFU In December 2010 the U S Census Bureau delivered population information to the U S President for apportionment and later in March 2011 complete redistricting data was delivered to states 1 Personally identifiable information will be available in 2082 10 Major changes EditThe Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 census 11 In several previous censuses one in six households received this long form which asked for detailed social and economic information The 2010 census used only a short form asking ten basic questions 11 How many people were living or staying in this house apartment or mobile home on April 1 2010 Were there any additional people staying here on April 1 2010 that you did not include in Question 1 Mark all that apply checkboxes for children relatives non relatives people staying temporarily none Is this house apartment or mobile home Checkboxes for owned with a mortgage owned free and clear rented occupied without rent What is your telephone number What is Person 1 s name last first What is Person 1 s sex male female What is Person 1 s age and Person 1 s date of birth Is Person 1 of Hispanic Latino or Spanish origin checkboxes for No and several for Yes which specify groups of countries What is Person 1 s race checkboxes for 14 including other One possibility was Black African Am or Negro Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else checkboxes for No and several locations for Yes The form included space to repeat some or all of these questions for up to twelve residents total In contrast to the 2000 census an Internet response option was not offered nor was the form available for download 11 12 Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey 12 The survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1 year or 3 year cycle depending on the size of the community rather than once every 10 years A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year and no household will receive it more than once every five years 13 In June 2009 the U S Census Bureau announced that it would count same sex married couples However the final form did not contain a separate same sex married couple option When noting the relationship between household members same sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being Husband or wife the same response given by opposite sex married couples An unmarried partner option was available for couples whether same sex or opposite sex who were not married 14 Cost EditThe 2010 census cost 13 billion approximately 42 per capita by comparison the 2010 census per capita cost for China was about US 1 and for India was US 0 40 15 Operational costs were 5 4 billion significantly under the 7 billion budget 16 In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office GAO noted that the cost of conducting the census has approximately doubled each decade since 1970 15 In a detailed 2004 report to Congress the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues and at that time had estimated the 2010 census cost to be 11 billion 17 In August 2010 Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in significantly under budget of an almost 7 billion operational budget 16 650 million was saved in the budget for the door to door questioning NRFU phase because 72 of households returned mailed questionnaires 150 million was saved because of lower than planned costs in areas including Alaska and tribal lands and the 800 million emergency fund was not needed Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged which improved the overall response rate The agency also has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be immediately reached at home which reduced the cost of follow up visits Census data for about 22 of U S households that did not reply by mail were based on such outside interviews Groves said 16 Technology EditIn 2005 Lockheed Martin won a six year 500 million contract to capture and standardize data for the census The contract included systems facilities and staffing 18 The final value of that contract was in excess of one billion dollars 19 Information technology was about a quarter of the projected 11 3 billion cost of the decennial census 20 The use of high speed document scanning technology such as ImageTrac scanners developed by IBML helped Lockheed Martin complete the project on schedule and under budget 21 This was the first census to use hand held computing devices with GPS capability although they were only used for the address canvassing operation Enumerators information gatherers that had operational problems with the device understandably made negative reports During the 2009 Senate confirmation hearings for Robert Groves President Obama s Census Director appointee there was much mention of contracting problems but very little criticism of the units themselves 22 The Census Bureau chose to conduct the primary operation Non Response Follow Up NRFU without using the handheld computing devices 23 24 Marketing and undercounts EditDue to allegations surrounding previous censuses that poor people and non whites are routinely undercounted for the 2010 census the Census Bureau tried to avoid that bias by enlisting tens of thousands of intermediaries such as churches charities and firms to explain to people the importance of being counted 8 The Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now ACORN was given a contract to help publicize the importance of the census count and to encourage individuals to fill out their forms In September 2009 after controversial undercover videos showing four ACORN staffers giving tax advice to a man and a woman posing as a prostitute the bureau canceled ACORN s contract 25 Various American celebrities including Demi Lovato and Eva Longoria 26 were used in public service announcements targeting younger people to fill out census forms Wilmer Valderrama and Rosario Dawson have helped spread census awareness among young Hispanics a historically low participating ethnicity in the U S census 27 Rapper Ludacris also participated in efforts to spread awareness of the 2010 census 28 The Census Bureau hired about 635 000 people to find those U S residents who had not returned their forms by mail as of May 28 2010 113 census workers had been victims of crime while conducting the census 3 needs update As of June 29 there were 436 incidents involving assaults or threats against enumerators more than double the 181 incidents in 2000 one enumerator attempting to hand deliver the census forms to a Hawaii County police officer was arrested for trespassing the officer s fellow policemen made the arrest 2 Some political conservatives and libertarians questioned the validity of the questions and even encouraged people to refuse to answer questions for privacy and constitutional reasons 29 Michele Bachmann a former conservative Republican Representative from Minnesota stated that she would not fill out her census form other than to indicate the number of people living in her household because the Constitution doesn t require any information beyond that 30 Former Republican representative and Libertarian presidential candidate Bob Barr stated that the census has become too intrusive going beyond the mere enumeration i e count intended by the framers of the U S Constitution 31 According to political commentator Juan Williams Census participation rates have been declining since 1970 and if conservatives don t participate doubts about its accuracy and credibility may become fatal 29 As a result the Census Bureau undertook an unprecedented advertising campaign targeted at encouraging white political conservatives to fill out their forms in the hope of avoiding an undercount of this group The 2010 U S census was the primary sponsor at NASCAR races in Atlanta Bristol and Martinsville and sponsored the No 16 Ford Fusion driven by Greg Biffle for part of the season because of a marketing survey that indicated most NASCAR fans lean politically conservative 29 It also ran an advertisement during the 2010 Super Bowl and hired singer Marie Osmond who is thought to have many conservative fans to publicize the census 29 Reapportionment Edit The 435 seats of the House grouped by state as apportioned after the 2010 census The results of the 2010 census determined the number of seats that each state received in the United States House of Representatives starting with the 2012 elections Consequently this affected the number of votes each state had in the Electoral College for the 2012 presidential election Because of population changes eighteen states had changes in their number of seats Eight states gained at least one seat and ten states lost at least one seat The final result involved 12 seats being switched 32 Gained four seats Gained two seats Gained one seat Lost one seat Lost two seatsTexas Florida Arizona Georgia Nevada South Carolina Utah Washington Illinois Iowa Louisiana Massachusetts Michigan Missouri New Jersey Pennsylvania New York OhioControversies EditSome objected to the counting of persons who are in the United States illegally 33 34 Senators David Vitter R LA and Bob Bennett R UT tried unsuccessfully to add questions on immigration status to the census form 8 Organizations such as the Prison Policy Initiative argued that the census counts of incarcerated men and women as residents of prisons rather than of their pre incarceration addresses skewed political clout and resulted in misleading demographic and population data 35 The term Negro was used in the questionnaire as one of the options for African Americans Question 9 What is Person number s race Black African Am or Negro as a choice to describe one s race Census Bureau spokesman Jack Martin explained that many older African Americans identified themselves that way and many still do Those who identify themselves as Negroes need to be included 36 37 The word was also used in the 2000 census with over 56 000 people identifying themselves as Negro 38 The 2010 census contained ten questions about age gender ethnicity home ownership and household relationships Six of the ten questions were to be answered for each individual in the household Federal law has provisions for fining those who refuse to complete the census form 39 Detroit Mayor Dave Bing held a press conference on March 22 2011 to announce that the city would challenge its census results 40 The challenge being led by the city s planning department cited an inconsistency as an example showing a downtown census tract which lost only 60 housing units but 1 400 people implying that a downtown jail or dormitory was missed in canvassing 41 NYC Mayor Michael Bloomberg held a conference on March 27 2011 to announce that the city would also challenge his city s census results specifically the apparent undercounting in the boroughs of Queens and Brooklyn 42 Bloomberg said that the numbers for Queens and Brooklyn the two most populous boroughs are implausible 43 According to the census they grew by only 0 1 and 1 6 respectively while the other boroughs grew by between 3 and 5 He also stated that the census showed improbably high numbers of vacant housing in vital neighborhoods such as Jackson Heights Queens The District of Columbia announced in August 2011 that it would also challenge its census results The Mayor s Office claimed that the detailed information provided for 549 census blocks is nonsensical listing examples of census data that show housing units located in the middle of a street that does not actually exist However officials do not believe the city s total population will drastically change as a result of the challenge 44 State rankings EditSee also List of U S states and territories by population The state with the highest percentage rate of growth was Nevada while the state with the largest population increase was Texas 45 Michigan the 8th largest by population was the only state to lose population although Puerto Rico a U S territory lost population as well and the District of Columbia saw its first gain since the 1950s 46 Note that the resident populations listed below do not include people living overseas For Congressional apportionment the sum of a state s resident population and its population of military personnel and federal contractors living overseas but not other citizens overseas such as missionaries or expatriate workers is used 47 A map showing the population change of each US State by percentage Population and population change in the United States by state Rank State Population as of 2000 census Population as of 2010 census 48 Change Percent change1 California 33 871 648 37 253 956 3 382 308 10 0 2 Texas 20 851 820 25 145 561 4 293 741 20 6 3 New York 18 976 457 19 378 102 401 645 2 1 4 Florida 15 982 378 18 801 310 2 818 932 17 6 5 Illinois 12 419 293 12 830 632 411 339 3 3 6 Pennsylvania 12 281 054 12 702 379 421 325 3 4 7 Ohio 11 353 140 11 536 504 183 364 1 6 8 Michigan 9 938 444 9 883 640 54 804 0 6 9 Georgia 8 186 453 9 687 653 1 501 200 18 3 10 North Carolina 8 049 313 9 535 483 1 486 170 18 5 11 New Jersey 8 414 350 8 791 894 377 544 4 5 12 Virginia 7 078 515 8 001 024 922 509 13 0 13 Washington 5 894 121 6 724 540 830 419 14 1 14 Massachusetts 6 349 097 6 547 629 198 532 3 1 15 Indiana 6 080 485 6 483 802 403 317 6 6 16 Arizona 5 130 632 6 392 017 1 261 385 24 6 17 Tennessee 5 689 283 6 346 105 656 822 11 5 18 Missouri 5 595 211 5 988 927 393 716 7 0 19 Maryland 5 296 486 5 773 552 477 066 9 0 20 Wisconsin 5 363 675 5 686 986 323 311 6 0 21 Minnesota 4 919 479 5 303 925 384 446 7 8 22 Colorado 4 301 261 5 029 196 727 935 16 9 23 Alabama 4 447 100 4 779 736 332 636 7 5 24 South Carolina 4 012 012 4 625 364 613 352 15 3 25 Louisiana 4 468 976 4 533 372 64 396 1 4 26 Kentucky 4 041 769 4 339 367 297 598 7 4 27 Oregon 3 421 399 3 831 074 409 675 12 0 28 Oklahoma 3 450 654 3 751 351 300 697 8 7 29 Connecticut 3 405 565 3 574 097 168 532 4 9 30 Iowa 2 926 324 3 046 355 120 031 4 1 31 Mississippi 2 844 658 2 967 297 122 639 4 3 32 Arkansas 2 673 400 2 915 918 242 518 9 1 33 Kansas 2 688 418 2 853 118 164 700 6 1 34 Utah 2 233 169 2 763 885 530 716 23 8 35 Nevada 1 998 257 2 700 551 702 294 35 1 36 New Mexico 1 819 046 2 059 179 240 133 13 2 37 West Virginia 1 808 344 1 852 994 44 650 2 5 38 Nebraska 1 711 263 1 826 341 115 078 6 7 39 Idaho 1 293 953 1 567 582 273 629 21 1 40 Hawaii 1 211 537 1 360 301 148 764 12 3 41 Maine 1 274 923 1 328 361 53 438 4 2 42 New Hampshire 1 235 786 1 316 470 80 684 6 5 43 Rhode Island 1 048 319 1 052 567 4 248 0 4 44 Montana 902 195 989 415 87 220 9 7 45 Delaware 783 600 897 934 114 334 14 6 46 South Dakota 754 844 814 180 59 336 7 9 47 Alaska 626 932 710 231 83 299 13 3 48 North Dakota 642 200 672 591 30 391 4 7 49 Vermont 608 827 625 741 16 914 2 8 District of Columbia 572 059 601 723 29 664 5 2 50 Wyoming 493 782 563 626 69 844 14 1 United States 281 421 906 308 745 538 27 323 632 9 7 Metropolitan rankings EditSee also List of metropolitan statistical areas These are core metropolitan rankings versus combined statistical areas For full list with current data go to metropolitan statistics The top 25 metropolitan statistical areas of the United States of America Rank Metropolitan statistical area 2010 census Encompassing combined statistical area1 New York Newark Jersey City NY NJ PA Metropolitan Statistical Area 19 567 410 New York Newark NY NJ CT PA Combined Statistical Area2 Los Angeles Long Beach Anaheim CA Metropolitan Statistical Area 12 828 837 Los Angeles Long Beach CA Combined Statistical Area3 Chicago Naperville Elgin IL IN WI Metropolitan Statistical Area 9 461 105 Chicago Naperville IL IN WI Combined Statistical Area4 Dallas Fort Worth Arlington TX Metropolitan Statistical Area 6 426 214 Dallas Fort Worth TX OK Combined Statistical Area5 Philadelphia Camden Wilmington PA NJ DE MD Metropolitan Statistical Area 5 965 343 Philadelphia Reading Camden PA NJ DE MD Combined Statistical Area6 Houston The Woodlands Sugar Land TX Metropolitan Statistical Area 5 920 416 Houston The Woodlands TX Combined Statistical Area7 Washington Arlington Alexandria DC VA MD WV Metropolitan Statistical Area 5 636 232 Washington Baltimore Arlington DC MD VA WV PA Combined Statistical Area8 Miami Fort Lauderdale West Palm Beach FL Metropolitan Statistical Area 5 564 635 Miami Fort Lauderdale Port St Lucie FL Combined Statistical Area9 Atlanta Sandy Springs Roswell GA Metropolitan Statistical Area 5 286 728 Atlanta Athens Clarke County Sandy Springs GA Combined Statistical Area10 Boston Cambridge Newton MA NH Metropolitan Statistical Area 4 552 402 Boston Worcester Providence MA RI NH CT Combined Statistical Area11 San Francisco Oakland Fremont CA Metropolitan Statistical Area 4 335 391 San Jose San Francisco Oakland CA Combined Statistical Area12 Detroit Warren Dearborn MI Metropolitan Statistical Area 4 296 250 Detroit Warren Ann Arbor MI Combined Statistical Area13 Riverside San Bernardino Ontario CA Metropolitan Statistical Area 4 224 851 Los Angeles Long Beach CA Combined Statistical Area14 Phoenix Mesa Scottsdale AZ Metropolitan Statistical Area 4 192 88715 Seattle Tacoma Bellevue WA Metropolitan Statistical Area 3 439 809 Seattle Tacoma WA Combined Statistical Area16 Minneapolis St Paul Bloomington MN WI Metropolitan Statistical Area 3 348 859 Minneapolis St Paul MN WI Combined Statistical Area17 San Diego Carlsbad CA Metropolitan Statistical Area 3 095 31318 St Louis MO IL Metropolitan Statistical Area 2 787 701 St Louis St Charles Farmington MO IL Combined Statistical Area19 Tampa St Petersburg Clearwater FL Metropolitan Statistical Area 2 783 24320 Baltimore Columbia Towson MD Metropolitan Statistical Area 2 710 489 Washington Baltimore Arlington DC MD VA WV PA Combined Statistical Area21 Denver Aurora Lakewood CO Metropolitan Statistical Area 2 543 482 Denver Aurora CO Combined Statistical Area22 Pittsburgh PA Metropolitan Statistical Area 2 356 285 Pittsburgh New Castle Weirton PA OH WV Combined Statistical Area23 Portland Vancouver Hillsboro OR WA Metropolitan Statistical Area 2 226 009 Portland Vancouver Salem OR WA Combined Statistical Area24 Charlotte Concord Gastonia NC SC Metropolitan Statistical Area 2 217 012 Charlotte Concord NC SC Combined Statistical Area25 San Antonio New Braunfels TX Metropolitan Statistical Area 2 142 508City rankings EditSee also List of United States cities by population Rank City State Population Land area square miles Population density per square mile Region1 New York New York 8 175 133 302 6 27 016 3 Northeast2 Los Angeles California 3 792 621 468 7 8 091 8 West3 Chicago Illinois 2 695 598 227 6 11 843 6 Midwest4 Houston Texas 2 100 263 599 6 3 502 8 South5 Philadelphia Pennsylvania 1 526 006 134 1 11 379 6 Northeast6 Phoenix Arizona 1 445 632 516 7 2 797 8 West7 San Antonio Texas 1 327 407 460 9 2 880 0 South8 San Diego California 1 307 402 325 2 4 020 3 West9 Dallas Texas 1 197 816 340 5 3 517 8 South10 San Jose California 945 942 176 5 5 359 4 West11 Jacksonville Florida 821 784 747 0 1 100 1 South12 Indianapolis Indiana 820 445 361 4 2 270 2 Midwest13 San Francisco California 805 235 46 9 17 169 2 West14 Austin Texas 790 390 297 9 2 653 2 South15 Columbus Ohio 787 033 217 2 3 623 5 Midwest16 Fort Worth Texas 741 206 339 8 2 181 3 South17 Charlotte North Carolina 731 424 297 7 2 456 9 South18 Detroit Michigan 713 777 138 8 5 142 5 Midwest19 El Paso Texas 649 121 255 2 2 543 6 South20 Memphis Tennessee 646 889 315 1 2 053 0 South21 Baltimore Maryland 620 961 80 9 7 675 7 South22 Boston Massachusetts 617 594 48 3 12 786 6 Northeast23 Seattle Washington 608 660 83 9 7 254 6 West24 Washington District of Columbia 601 723 61 0 9 864 3 South25 Nashville Tennessee 601 222 475 1 1 265 5 South26 Denver Colorado 600 158 153 0 3 922 6 West27 Louisville Kentucky 597 337 385 09 1 551 2 South28 Milwaukee Wisconsin 594 833 96 1 6 189 7 Midwest29 Portland Oregon 583 776 134 3 4 346 8 West30 Las Vegas Nevada 583 756 135 8 4 298 6 West31 Oklahoma City Oklahoma 579 999 606 4 956 5 South32 Albuquerque New Mexico 545 852 187 7 2 908 1 West33 Tucson Arizona 520 116 226 7 2 294 3 West34 Fresno California 494 665 112 0 4 416 7 West35 Sacramento California 466 488 97 9 4 764 9 West36 Long Beach California 462 257 50 3 9 190 0 West37 Kansas City Missouri 459 787 315 0 1 459 6 Midwest38 Mesa Arizona 439 041 136 5 3 216 4 West39 Virginia Beach Virginia 437 994 249 0 1 759 0 South40 Atlanta Georgia 420 003 133 2 3 153 2 South41 Colorado Springs Colorado 416 427 194 5 2 141 0 West42 Omaha Nebraska 408 958 127 1 3 217 6 Midwest43 Raleigh North Carolina 403 892 142 9 2 826 4 South44 Miami Florida 399 457 35 9 11 126 9 South45 Cleveland Ohio 396 815 77 7 5 107 0 Midwest46 San Juan Puerto Rico 395 326 47 9 8 253 147 Tulsa Oklahoma 391 906 196 8 1 991 4 South48 Oakland California 390 724 55 8 7 002 2 West49 Minneapolis Minnesota 382 578 54 0 7 084 8 Midwest50 Wichita Kansas 382 368 159 3 2 400 3 Midwest51 Arlington Texas 365 438 95 9 3 810 6 South52 Bakersfield California 347 483 142 2 2 443 6 West53 New Orleans Louisiana 343 829 169 4 2 029 7 South54 Honolulu Hawaii 337 256 60 5 5 574 5 West55 Anaheim California 336 265 49 8 6 752 3 West56 Tampa Florida 335 709 113 4 2 960 4 South57 Aurora Colorado 325 078 154 7 2 101 3 West58 Santa Ana California 324 528 27 3 11 887 5 West59 Saint Louis Missouri 319 294 61 9 5 158 2 Midwest60 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 305 704 55 4 5 518 1 Northeast61 Corpus Christi Texas 305 215 160 6 1 900 5 South62 Riverside California 303 871 81 1 3 746 9 West63 Cincinnati Ohio 296 943 77 9 3 811 8 Midwest64 Lexington Kentucky 295 803 283 6 1 043 0 South65 Anchorage Alaska 291 826 1 704 7 171 2 West66 Stockton California 291 707 61 7 4 727 8 West67 Toledo Ohio 287 208 80 7 3 559 0 Midwest68 Saint Paul Minnesota 285 068 52 0 5 482 1 Midwest69 Newark New Jersey 277 140 24 2 11 452 1 Northeast70 Greensboro North Carolina 269 666 126 5 2 131 7 South71 Buffalo New York 261 310 40 4 6 468 1 Northeast72 Plano Texas 259 841 71 6 3 629 1 South73 Lincoln Nebraska 258 379 89 1 2 899 9 Midwest74 Henderson Nevada 257 729 107 7 2 393 0 West75 Fort Wayne Indiana 253 691 110 6 2 293 8 Midwest76 Jersey City New Jersey 247 597 14 8 16 729 5 Northeast77 Saint Petersburg Florida 244 769 61 7 3 967 1 South78 Chula Vista California 243 916 49 6 4 917 7 West79 Norfolk Virginia 242 803 54 1 4 488 0 South80 Orlando Florida 238 300 102 4 2 327 1 South81 Chandler Arizona 236 123 64 4 3 666 5 West82 Laredo Texas 236 091 88 9 2 655 7 South83 Madison Wisconsin 233 209 76 8 3 036 6 Midwest84 Winston Salem North Carolina 229 617 132 4 1 734 3 South85 Lubbock Texas 229 573 122 4 1 875 6 South86 Baton Rouge Louisiana 229 493 76 9 2 984 3 South87 Durham North Carolina 228 330 107 4 2 126 0 South88 Garland Texas 226 876 57 1 3 973 3 South89 Glendale Arizona 226 721 60 0 3 778 7 West90 Reno Nevada 225 221 103 0 2 186 6 West91 Hialeah Florida 224 669 21 5 10 449 7 South92 Chesapeake Virginia 222 209 340 8 652 0 South93 Scottsdale Arizona 217 385 183 9 1 182 1 West94 North Las Vegas Nevada 216 961 101 3 2 141 8 West95 Irving Texas 216 290 67 0 3 228 2 South96 Fremont California 214 089 77 5 2 762 4 West97 Irvine California 212 375 66 1 3 212 9 West98 Birmingham Alabama 212 237 146 1 1 452 7 South99 Rochester New York 210 565 35 8 5 881 7 Northeast100 San Bernardino California 209 924 59 2 3 546 0 WestSee also Edit2010 in the United States United States censusReferences Edit a b Interactive Timeline About the 2010 Census U S Census Bureau 2011 Archived from the original on December 20 2010 Retrieved June 17 2010 a b Census worker taken to court for trespassing New York Post Associated Press July 5 2010 Archived from the original on January 7 2017 Retrieved January 6 2017 The resident continued to refuse to take the Census and census worker Russell Haas said he waited outside a chain link fence while the resident called his co workers at the Hawai i County Police Department When police arrived instead of asking the resident to accept the forms as required by federal law the officers crumpled the papers into Haas chest and handcuffed him Haas said Haas said he told officers that it was his duty to leave the Census forms with the resident and that he would leave as soon as he did it The officers were enforcing state law and had not been trained on the federal Census law Hawaii County Police Maj Sam Thomas said a b US Census Takers Attacked on the Job National Ledger May 28 2010 Archived from the original on May 31 2010 Retrieved May 30 2010 U S Census Bureau Announces 2010 Census Population Counts Apportionment Counts Delivered to President Press release United States Census Bureau December 21 2010 Archived from the original on December 24 2010 Retrieved January 9 2011 Selby W Gardner Americans must answer U S Census Bureau survey by law though agency has not prosecuted since 1970 January 9 2014 politifact com Archived from the original on January 7 2017 Retrieved January 6 2017 D oro Rachel January 25 2010 Remote Alaska village is first eyed in census The Denver Post Noorvik Alaska Associated Press Archived from the original on January 7 2017 Retrieved January 6 2017 2010 Census forms arrive kicking off once a decade head count NJ com March 15 2010 Archived from the original on May 24 2017 Retrieved January 6 2017 a b c Stand up and be counted The Economist March 31 2010 Archived from the original on May 25 2017 Retrieved January 6 2017 Take 10 Map 2010 Census Participation Census Bureau Archived from the original on August 20 2010 Retrieved August 10 2010 PIO US Census Bureau Census History Staff The 72 Year Rule History U S Census Bureau www census gov Archived from the original on April 16 2019 Retrieved October 26 2015 a b c Frequently Asked Questions PDF 2010 Census U S Census Bureau May 10 2010 Archived from the original PDF on July 14 2011 Retrieved June 17 2011 a b Castro Daniel February 2008 e Census Unplugged Why Americans Should Be Able to Complete the Census Online PDF Washington D C Information Technology amp Innovation Foundation Archived PDF from the original on July 4 2010 Retrieved March 29 2010 Chapter 4 Sample Design and Selection PDF ACS Design and Methodology U S Census Bureau December 2010 Archived from the original PDF on October 20 2011 Retrieved June 17 2011 LGBT Fact Sheet PDF 2010 census gov Archived from the original PDF on May 28 2010 Retrieved October 12 2017 a b Censuses Costing the count The Economist June 2 2011 Archived from the original on June 10 2011 Retrieved June 17 2011 a b c Census Bureau comes in under budget for 2010 operational costs CNN August 10 2010 Archived from the original on November 9 2012 Retrieved August 10 2010 2010 Census Cost and Design Issues Need to Be Addressed Soon GAO 04 37 PDF GAO 04 37 Washington D C U S General Accounting Office January 15 2004 OCLC 54778614 Archived from the original on January 7 2010 Retrieved December 27 2009 a href wiki Template Cite journal title Template Cite journal cite journal a Cite journal requires journal help Mosquera Mary October 3 2005 harps www washingtonpost com wp dyn content article 2005 10 02 AR2005100201032 html Lockheed Gets Census Job The Washington Post ISSN 0190 8286 Retrieved September 28 2015 2010 CENSUS PLANNING MEMORANDA SERIES No 195 PDF Report May 22 2012 Archived PDF from the original on January 24 2016 Retrieved February 10 2016 Sternstein Aliya June 13 2005 Preparing for a decennial task Federal Computer Week Falls Church Virginia 1105 Media Archived from the original on October 3 2011 Retrieved December 27 2009 IBML Scanning Platform Helps Lockheed Martin Team Complete 2010 Census Project On Schedule Under Budget Archived January 8 2015 at the Wayback Machine Health IT Outcomes Retrieved January 20 2015 Chan Wade Hahn March 28 2008 Have feds cheapened contract bonuses FCW Archived from the original on August 26 2012 Retrieved August 9 2013 Press Releases Harris com Archived from the original on April 20 2016 Retrieved October 12 2017 U S Census Bureau Use of Global Positioning Systems GPS Ask census gov Retrieved October 12 2017 permanent dead link Sherman Jake September 12 2009 Census Bureau Cuts Its Ties With Acorn The Wall Street Journal Archived from the original on September 15 2009 Retrieved June 17 2011 Demi Lovato And Eva Longoria Urge Census Participation Looktothestars org March 19 2010 Retrieved October 12 2017 Rosario Dawson Wilmer Valderrama Encourage Latinos To Complete 2010 Census In New PSA s icelebz com Archived from the original on February 21 2010 Retrieved April 28 2010 Ludacris 2010 Census Campaign In New York Killerhiphop com Archived from the original on June 20 2017 Retrieved October 12 2017 a b c d Williams Juan March 1 2010 Marketing the 2010 census with a conservative friendly face Washington Post Archived from the original on April 24 2010 Retrieved March 25 2011 Swami Perana June 18 2009 Rep Bachmann Refuses To Fill Out 2010 Census Political Hotsheet CBS News Archived from the original on September 9 2012 Retrieved April 15 2010 Census goes too far with children Atlanta Journal Constitution Archived from the original on September 11 2009 Retrieved September 8 2009 Apportionment Population and Number of Representatives By State 2010 Census PDF US Census December 21 2010 Archived from the original PDF on January 24 2011 Retrieved December 21 2010 Baker John S Stonecipher Elliott August 9 2009 Our Unconstitutional Census The Wall Street Journal Archived from the original on September 5 2015 Retrieved August 9 2009 Census 2010 Latino Pastors Urge Census Boycott The Washington Post Archived from the original on November 30 2011 Retrieved April 22 2009 Lotke Eric Wagner Peter Spring 2004 Prisoners of the Census Electoral and Financial Consequences of Counting Prisoners Where They Go Not Where They Come From PDF Pace Law Review White Plains NY Pace Law School 24 2 587 607 ISSN 0272 2410 Archived from the original on July 14 2014 Retrieved June 10 2014 Originally presented at Prison Reform Revisited a symposium held at Pace University School of Law and the New York State Judicial Institute Oct 16 18 2003 Research supported by grants from the Soros Justice Fellowship Program of the Open Society Institute Retrieved January 2 2010 U S Census Bureau interactive form Question 9 Archived from the original on January 8 2010 Retrieved January 8 2010 McFadden Katie McShane Larry January 6 2010 Use of word Negro on 2010 census forms raises memories of Jim Crow NYDailyNews com Archived from the original on January 9 2010 Retrieved January 8 2010 Kiviat Barbara January 23 2010 Should the Census Be Asking People if They Are Negro Time Archived from the original on January 26 2010 Retrieved February 7 2010 Frequently Asked Questions on the National Census Archived August 13 2013 at the Wayback Machine from the ACLU website Cwiek Sarah March 22 2011 Bing plans to challenge Detroit census numbers MichiganRadio com Archived from the original on August 21 2011 Retrieved June 15 2011 Davidson Kate May 2 2011 Detroit census challenge MichiganRadio com Archived from the original on August 21 2011 Retrieved June 15 2011 NYC To File Formal Challenge to 2010 Census under Count Question Resolution Process NYC To File Formal Challenge to the 2010 Census Count Archived from the original on March 30 2011 Retrieved March 31 2011 On the 2010 Census Results Archived May 28 2011 at the Wayback Machine DeBonis Mike August 10 2011 District challenges its 2010 Census count The Washington Post Archived from the original on August 11 2011 Retrieved August 14 2011 Texas Adds Four Congressional Seats as State s Hispanic Population Grows Bloomberg com December 21 2010 Archived from the original on February 2 2014 Retrieved October 12 2017 subscription required USA Today 2010 Census Usatoday com Archived from the original on March 9 2011 Retrieved October 12 2017 Congressional Apportionment PDF Census gov Archived PDF from the original on January 15 2018 Retrieved October 12 2017 Resident Population Data Population Change United States Census Bureau December 23 2010 Archived from the original on December 25 2010 Retrieved December 23 2010 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to 2010 United States Census 2010 Census 2010 United States Census Form U S Census Bureau The 2010 Census Winners and Losers slideshow by Life magazine How to deep link into US Census Bureau FactFinder2 Archived May 15 2011 at the Wayback Machine see FactFinder2 info Census As Red States Grow So Do Hispanic Populations Within video report by Democracy Now Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title 2010 United States census amp oldid 1093298454, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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