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"USDOT" redirects here. For U.S. Treasury Department, see United States Department of the Treasury.

The United States Department of Transportation (USDOT or DOT) is one of the executive departments of the U.S. federal government. It was established by Congress in the Department of Transportation Act on October 15, 1966.

United States Department of Transportation
Seal of the USDOT
Flag of the USDOT

Headquarters of the U.S. Department of Transportation
Department overview
FormedApril 1, 1967; 55 years ago (1967-04-01)
JurisdictionUnited States of America
Headquarters1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, D.C.
38°52′32.92″N77°0′10.26″W /38.8758111°N 77.0028500°W /38.8758111; -77.0028500Coordinates: 38°52′32.92″N77°0′10.26″W /38.8758111°N 77.0028500°W /38.8758111; -77.0028500
Employees58,622
Annual budgetUS$87.6 billion (FY2021, enacted)
Department executives
Child agencies
Websitewww.transportation.gov
The seal of the U.S. Department of Transportation before 1980.
The flag of the U.S. Department of Transportation before 1980.

The department began operation on April 1, 1967. It is headed by the secretary of transportation, who reports directly to the President of the United States and is a member of the president's Cabinet.

The department's mission is "to develop and coordinate policies that will provide an efficient and economical national transportation system, with due regard for need, the environment, and the national defense."

Contents

Prior to the creation of the Department of Transportation, its functions were administered by the under secretary of commerce for transportation. In 1965, Najeeb Halaby, administrator of the Federal Aviation Agency (predecessor to the Federal Aviation Administration, FAA), suggested to President Lyndon B. Johnson that transportation be elevated to a cabinet-level post, and that the FAA be folded into the DOT. The idea of having a federal department of transportation was first proposed by former President Woodrow Wilson in 1921–22.

In 2012, the DOT awarded $742.5 million in funds from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to 11 transit projects. The awardees include light rail projects. Other projects include both a commuter rail extension and a subway project in New York City, and a bus rapid transit system in Springfield, Oregon. The funds subsidize a heavy rail project in northern Virginia, completing the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority's Metro Silver Line to connect Washington, D.C., and the Washington Dulles International Airport. (DOT had previously agreed to subsidize the Silver Line construction to Reston, Virginia.)

President Barack Obama's budget request for 2010 also included $1.83 billion in funding for major transit projects. More than $600 million went towards ten new or expanding transit projects. The budget provided additional funding for all of the projects currently receiving Recovery Act funding, except for the bus rapid transit project. It also continued funding for another 18 transit projects that are either currently under construction or soon will be. Following the same, the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2014 delegated $600 million for Infrastructure Investments, referred to as Discretionary Grants.

The Department of Transportation was authorized a budget for Fiscal Year 2016 of $75.1 billion. The budget authorization is broken down as follows:

Agency / Office Funding (in millions) Employees (FTE)
Federal Aviation Administration $16,280.7 45,988
Federal Highway Administration $43,049.7 2,782
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration $580.4 1,175
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration $869.0 639
Federal Transit Administration $11,782.6 585
Federal Railroad Administration $1,699.2 934
Pipelines and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration $249.6 575
Maritime Administration $399.3 835
Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation $28.4 144
Office of the Secretary $935.4 1,284
Office of the Inspector General $87.5 413
TOTAL $75,536.1 55,739

In the latest Center for Effective Government analysis of 15 federal agencies which receive the most Freedom of Information Act FOIA requests, published in 2015 (using 2012 and 2013 data, the most recent years available), the Department of Transportation earned a D by scoring 65 out of a possible 100 points, i.e., did not earn a satisfactory overall grade.

  1. "Department of Transportation 2022 Budget Highlights"(PDF). U.S. Department of Transportation. p. 11. Archived(PDF) from the original on April 5, 2022. RetrievedMay 20, 2022.
  2. United States. Department of Transportation Act. Pub.L. 89–670 Approved October 15, 1966.
  3. Grinder, R. Dale. "The United States Department of Transportation: A Brief History". U.S. Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on July 17, 2004. RetrievedJanuary 2, 2010.
  4. "US Department of Transportation, History". National Transportation Library. March 1, 2009. Archived from the original on October 25, 2012.
  5. Ware, Susan; Berg, Scott (December 2003). "The Hepburn Enigma". The Women's Review of Books. 21 (3): 20. doi:10.2307/4024203. ISSN 0738-1433. JSTOR 4024203.
  6. "DOT Awards $742.5 Million in Recovery Act Funds to 11 Transit Projects". EERE Network News. May 13, 2009. Archived from the original on May 28, 2010. RetrievedAugust 9, 2010.
  7. "Annual Report on Funding Recommendations – Fiscal Year 2010"(PDF). U.S. Department of Transportation. April 29, 2009. pp. A-75 (101) & seq. Archived(PDF) from the original on May 28, 2010. RetrievedAugust 9, 2010.
  8. "Archived copy"(PDF). Archived(PDF) from the original on April 29, 2017. RetrievedMarch 29, 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. "Profile Showing the Grades upon the Different Routes Surveyed for the Union Pacific Rail Road Between the Missouri River and the Valley of the Platte River". World Digital Library. 1865. Archived from the original on November 2, 2013. RetrievedJuly 16, 2013.
  10. Making the Grade: Access to Information Scorecard 2015 Archived March 13, 2016, at the Wayback Machine March 2015, 80 pages, Center for Effective Government, retrieved March 21, 2016
Wikimedia Commons has media related toUnited States Department of Transportation.

This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Department of Transportation.

United States Department of Transportation Article Talk Language Watch Edit USDOT redirects here For U S Treasury Department see United States Department of the Treasury The United States Department of Transportation USDOT or DOT is one of the executive departments of the U S federal government It was established by Congress in the Department of Transportation Act on October 15 1966 2 United States Department of TransportationSeal of the USDOTFlag of the USDOTHeadquarters of the U S Department of TransportationDepartment overviewFormedApril 1 1967 55 years ago 1967 04 01 JurisdictionUnited States of AmericaHeadquarters1200 New Jersey Avenue SE Washington D C 38 52 32 92 N 77 0 10 26 W 38 8758111 N 77 0028500 W 38 8758111 77 0028500 Coordinates 38 52 32 92 N 77 0 10 26 W 38 8758111 N 77 0028500 W 38 8758111 77 0028500Employees58 622Annual budgetUS 87 6 billion FY2021 enacted 1 Department executivesPete Buttigieg SecretaryPolly Trottenberg Deputy SecretaryChild agenciesFAAFHWAFRAFTAMaritime AdministrationAdditional agenciesWebsitewww wbr transportation wbr govThe seal of the U S Department of Transportation before 1980 The flag of the U S Department of Transportation before 1980 The department began operation on April 1 1967 It is headed by the secretary of transportation who reports directly to the President of the United States and is a member of the president s Cabinet The department s mission is to develop and coordinate policies that will provide an efficient and economical national transportation system with due regard for need the environment and the national defense 3 Contents 1 History 2 Agencies 3 Former agencies 4 Budget 5 Related legislation 6 Freedom of Information Act processing performance 7 See also 8 References 9 External linksHistory EditSee also Department of Transportation appointments by Joe Biden Prior to the creation of the Department of Transportation its functions were administered by the under secretary of commerce for transportation In 1965 Najeeb Halaby administrator of the Federal Aviation Agency predecessor to the Federal Aviation Administration FAA suggested to President Lyndon B Johnson that transportation be elevated to a cabinet level post and that the FAA be folded into the DOT 4 The idea of having a federal department of transportation was first proposed by former President Woodrow Wilson in 1921 22 5 Agencies EditFederal Aviation Administration FAA Federal Highway Administration FHWA Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration FMCSA Federal Railroad Administration FRA Federal Transit Administration FTA Maritime Administration MARAD National Highway Traffic Safety Administration NHTSA Office of Inspector General OIG Office of the Secretary of Transportation OST Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration PHMSA Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation SLSDC John A Volpe National Transportation Systems Center Bureau of Transportation Statistics BTS Former agencies EditTransportation Security Administration transferred to Department of Homeland Security in 2003 United States Coast Guard transferred to Department of Homeland Security in 2003 Surface Transportation Board STB spun off as an independent federal agency in 2015Budget EditIn 2012 the DOT awarded 742 5 million in funds from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to 11 transit projects The awardees include light rail projects Other projects include both a commuter rail extension and a subway project in New York City and a bus rapid transit system in Springfield Oregon The funds subsidize a heavy rail project in northern Virginia completing the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority s Metro Silver Line to connect Washington D C and the Washington Dulles International Airport 6 DOT had previously agreed to subsidize the Silver Line construction to Reston Virginia 7 President Barack Obama s budget request for 2010 also included 1 83 billion in funding for major transit projects More than 600 million went towards ten new or expanding transit projects The budget provided additional funding for all of the projects currently receiving Recovery Act funding except for the bus rapid transit project It also continued funding for another 18 transit projects that are either currently under construction or soon will be 6 Following the same the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2014 delegated 600 million for Infrastructure Investments referred to as Discretionary Grants The Department of Transportation was authorized a budget for Fiscal Year 2016 of 75 1 billion The budget authorization is broken down as follows 8 Agency Office Funding in millions Employees FTE Federal Aviation Administration 16 280 7 45 988Federal Highway Administration 43 049 7 2 782Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration 580 4 1 175National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 869 0 639Federal Transit Administration 11 782 6 585Federal Railroad Administration 1 699 2 934Pipelines and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration 249 6 575Maritime Administration 399 3 835Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation 28 4 144Office of the Secretary 935 4 1 284Office of the Inspector General 87 5 413TOTAL 75 536 1 55 739Related legislation Edit1806 Cumberland Road 1862 Pacific Railway Act 9 1887 Interstate Commerce Act 1916 Adamson Railway Labor Act 1935 Motor Carrier Act 1946 Federal Airport Act Pub L 79 377 60 Stat 170 1950 Federal Aid to Highway Pub L 81 769 64 Stat 785 1954 Saint Lawrence Seaway Act 1956 Federal Aid to Highway Interstate Highway Act Pub L 84 627 70 Stat 374 1957 Airways Modernization Act Pub L 85 133 71 Stat 349 1958 Transportation Act of 1958 Pub L 85 625 72 Stat 568 1958 Federal Aviation Act Pub L 85 726 72 Stat 731 1959 Airport Construction Act Pub L 86 72 73 Stat 155 1964 Urban Mass Transportation Act Pub L 88 365 1965 Highway Beautification Act Pub L 89 285 79 Stat 1028 1966 Department of Transportation established Pub L 89 670 80 Stat 931 1970 Urban Mass Transportation Act Pub L 91 453 84 Stat 962 1970 Rail Passenger Service Act PL 91 518 1970 Airport and Airway Development Act PL 91 258 1973 Federal Aid Highway Act PL 93 87 1973 Amtrak Improvement Act PL 93 146 1973 Federal Aid Highway Act PL 93 87 1974 National Mass Transportation Assistance Act PL 93 503 1976 Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory Reform Act PL 94 210 1976 Hart Scott Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act PL 94 435 1978 Airline Deregulation Act PL 95 504 1980 Motor Carrier Act PL 96 296 1980 Staggers Rail Act PL 96 448 1982 Transportation Assistance Act PL 97 424 1982 Bus Regulatory Reform Act PL 97 261 1984 Commercial Space Launch Act PL 98 575 1987 Surface Transportation Act PL 100 17 1991 Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act PL 102 240 1998 Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century PL 105 178 2000 Wendell H Ford Aviation Investment and Reform Act for the 21st Century PL 106 181 2001 Aviation and Transportation Security Act PL 107 71 2002 Homeland Security Act PL 107 296 2005 Safe Accountable Flexible Efficient Transportation Equity Act A Legacy for Users PL 109 59 2012 Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act MAP 21 PL 112 141 2015 Fixing America s Surface Transportation Act FAST Act PL 114 94Freedom of Information Act processing performance EditIn the latest Center for Effective Government analysis of 15 federal agencies which receive the most Freedom of Information Act FOIA requests published in 2015 using 2012 and 2013 data the most recent years available the Department of Transportation earned a D by scoring 65 out of a possible 100 points i e did not earn a satisfactory overall grade 10 See also Edit United States portal Transportation portal Title 23 of the Code of Federal Regulations American Highway Users Alliance National Highway System United States National Transportation Safety Board Passenger vehicles in the United States Transportation in the United States United States Federal Maritime Commission Turner Fairbank Highway Research Center Transportation policy of the United StatesReferences Edit Department of Transportation 2022 Budget Highlights PDF U S Department of Transportation p 11 Archived PDF from the original on April 5 2022 Retrieved May 20 2022 United States Department of Transportation Act Pub L 89 670 Approved October 15 1966 Grinder R Dale The United States Department of Transportation A Brief History U S Department of Transportation Archived from the original on July 17 2004 Retrieved January 2 2010 US Department of Transportation History National Transportation Library March 1 2009 Archived from the original on October 25 2012 Ware Susan Berg Scott December 2003 The Hepburn Enigma The Women s Review of Books 21 3 20 doi 10 2307 4024203 ISSN 0738 1433 JSTOR 4024203 a b DOT Awards 742 5 Million in Recovery Act Funds to 11 Transit Projects EERE Network News May 13 2009 Archived from the original on May 28 2010 Retrieved August 9 2010 Annual Report on Funding Recommendations Fiscal Year 2010 PDF U S Department of Transportation April 29 2009 pp A 75 101 amp seq Archived PDF from the original on May 28 2010 Retrieved August 9 2010 Archived copy PDF Archived PDF from the original on April 29 2017 Retrieved March 29 2017 a href wiki Template Cite web title Template Cite web cite web a CS1 maint archived copy as title link Profile Showing the Grades upon the Different Routes Surveyed for the Union Pacific Rail Road Between the Missouri River and the Valley of the Platte River World Digital Library 1865 Archived from the original on November 2 2013 Retrieved July 16 2013 Making the Grade Access to Information Scorecard 2015 Archived March 13 2016 at the Wayback Machine March 2015 80 pages Center for Effective Government retrieved March 21 2016External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to United States Department of Transportation Official website Department of Transportation on USAspending gov United States Department of Transportation in the Federal Register Portal United States This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Department of Transportation Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title United States Department of Transportation amp oldid 1090934862, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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