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The University of Bologna (Italian: Alma Mater Studiorum – Università di Bologna, UNIBO) is a research university in Bologna, Italy. Founded in 1088 by an organised guild of students (hence studiorum), it is the oldest university in continuous operation in the world, and the first university in the sense of a higher-learning and degree-awarding institute, as the word universitas was coined at its foundation.

University of Bologna
Alma Mater Studiorum – Università di Bologna
Latin: Universitas Bononiensis
MottoPetrus ubique pater legum Bononia mater (Latin)
Motto in English
St. Peter is everywhere the father of the law, Bologna is its mother
TypePublic research university
Establishedc. 1088; 934 years ago (1088)
Academic affiliations
Coimbra Group
European Universities Association
Guild of European Research-Intensive Universities
International Association of Universities
Scholars at Risk
Europaeum
Una Europa
Mediterranean Universities Union
UniAdrion
Utrecht Network
RectorGiovanni Molari
Academic staff
2,917
Administrative staff
2,965
Students90,291
Undergraduates47,253
Postgraduates36,266
4,239
Location,
Italy

44°29′38″N11°20′34″E /44.49389°N 11.34278°E /44.49389; 11.34278Coordinates: 44°29′38″N11°20′34″E /44.49389°N 11.34278°E /44.49389; 11.34278
CampusUniversity town
103 hectares (256 acres)
NewspaperUNIBO Magazine
ColoursRed
Sports teamsCUS Bologna
Websiteunibo.it

It is commonly ranked in the first places of national, European and international rankings both as a whole and for individual subjects. Since its foundation, it has attracted numerous scholars, intellectuals and students from all over Italy and the world, establishing itself as one of the main international centers of learning.

It was the first place of study to use the term universitas for the corporations of students and masters, which came to define the institution (especially its famous law school) located in Bologna. The university's emblem carries the motto Alma Mater Studiorum ("Nourishing mother of studies") and the date A.D. 1088, and it has about 86,500 students in its 11 schools. It has campuses in Cesena, Forlì, Ravenna and Rimini and a branch center abroad in Buenos Aires, Argentina. It also has a school of excellence named Collegio Superiore di Bologna. An associate publisher of the University of Bologna is the Bononia University Press.

The University of Bologna saw the first woman to earn a university degree and teach at a university, Bettisia Gozzadini, and the first woman to earn both a doctorate in science and a salaried position as a university professor, Laura Bassi.

Contents

The entry of some students in the Natio Germanica Bononiae, the nation of German students at Bologna; miniature of 1497.

The date of the University of Bologna's founding is uncertain, but believed by most accounts to have been 1088. The university was granted a charter (Authentica habita) by Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa in 1158, but in the 19th century, a committee of historians led by Giosuè Carducci traced the founding of the university back to 1088, which would make it the oldest continuously operating university in the world. However, the development of the institution at Bologna into a university was a gradual process. Paul Grendler writes that “it is not likely that enough instruction and organization existed to merit the term university before the 1150s, and it might not have happened before the 1180s.”

The university arose around mutual aid societies (known as universitates scholarium) of foreign students called "nations" (as they were grouped by nationality) for protection against city laws which imposed collective punishment on foreigners for the crimes and debts of their countrymen. These students then hired scholars from the city's pre-existing lay and ecclesiastical schools to teach them subjects such as liberal arts, notarial law, theology, and ars dictaminis (scrivenery). The lectures were given in informal schools called scholae. In time the various universitates scholarium decided to form a larger association, or Studium—thus, the university. The Studium grew to have a strong position of collective bargaining with the city, since by then it derived significant revenue through visiting foreign students, who would depart if they were not well treated. The foreign students in Bologna received greater rights, and collective punishment was ended. There was also collective bargaining with the scholars who served as professors at the university. By the initiation or threat of a student strike, the students could enforce their demands as to the content of courses and the pay professors would receive. University professors were hired, fired, and had their pay determined by an elected council of two representatives from every student "nation" which governed the institution, with the most important decisions requiring a majority vote from all the students to ratify. The professors could also be fined if they failed to finish classes on time, or complete course material by the end of the semester. A student committee, the "Denouncers of Professors", kept tabs on them and reported any misbehavior. Professors themselves were not powerless, however, forming collegia doctorum (professors’ committees) in each faculty, and securing the rights to set examination fees and degree requirements. Eventually, the city ended this arrangement, paying professors from tax revenues and making it a chartered public university.

Bologna University Library

The university is historically notable for its teaching of canon and civil law; indeed, it was set up in large part with the aim of studying the Digest, a central text in Roman law, which had been rediscovered in Italy in 1070, and the university was central in the development of medieval Roman law. Until modern times, the only degree granted at that university was the doctorate.

Bettisia Gozzadini earned a law degree in 1237, being one of the first women in history to obtain a university degree. She taught law from her own home for two years, and in 1239 she taught at the university, becoming the first woman in history to teach at a university.

In 1477, when Pope Sixtus IV issued a papal bull, authorizing the creation of Uppsala University in Sweden, the bull specified that the new university would have the same freedoms and privileges as the University of Bologna - a highly desirable situation for the Swedish scholars. This included the right of Uppsala to establish the four traditional faculties of theology, law (Canon Law and Roman law), medicine, and philosophy, and to award the bachelor's, master's, licentiate, and doctoral degrees.

Laura Bassi was born into a prosperous family of Bologna and was privately educated from the age of five. Bassi's education and intellect was noticed by Prospero Lorenzini Lambertini, who became the Archbishop of Bologna in 1731 (later Pope Benedict XIV). Lambertini became the official patron of Bassi. He arranged for a public debate between Bassi and four professors from the University of Bologna on 17 April 1732. In 1732, Bassi, aged twenty, publicly defended her forty-nine theses on Philosophica Studia at the Sala degli Anziani of the Palazzo Pubblico. The University of Bologna awarded her a doctorate degree on 12 May. She became the first woman to receive a doctorate in science, and the second woman in the world to earn a philosophy doctorate after Elena Cornaro Piscopia in 1678, fifty-four years prior. She was by then popularly known as Bolognese Minerva. On 29 October 1732, the Senate and the University of Bologna granted Bassi's candidature, and in December she was appointed professor of natural philosophy to teach physics. She became the first salaried woman lecturer in the world, thus beginning her academic career. She was also the first woman member of any scientific establishment, when she was elected to the Academy of Sciences of the Institute of Bologna in 1732. Bassi became the most important populariser of Newtonian mechanics in Italy.

In 1971, the Graecist Benedetto Marzullo in company with Umberto Eco, Renato Barilli, Adelio Ferrero. instituted within the Faculty of Letters and Arts the DAMS (acronym of discipline delle arti, della musica e dello spettacolo, "Dicipline of Arts, Musics and Performance"). It was the first degree course of this type to be opened in Italy. Between December 26, 1982, and November 29, 1983, there occurred the DAMS murders (in Italian: Delitti del DAMS), dealing with four victims who were students or professors of the DAMS: Angelo Fabbri (a brilliant student of Umberto Eco), Liviana Rossi, the dancer Francesca Alinovi (who was stabbed for 47 times), and Leonarda Polvani.

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.(April 2019) ()
Area above Bologna's old city centre.
Interior view of the Porticum and Loggia of its oldest College, the Royal Spanish College.

Higher education processes are being harmonised across the European Community. Nowadays the university offers 101 different "Laurea" or "Laurea breve" first-level degrees (three years of courses), followed by 108 "Laurea specialistica" or "Laurea magistrale" second-level degrees (two years). However, 11 other courses have maintained preceding rules of "Laurea specialistica a ciclo unico" or "Laurea magistrale a ciclo unico", with only one cycle of study of five years, except for medicine and dentistry which requires six years of courses. After the "Laurea" one may attain first level Master (one-year diploma, similar to a Postgraduate diploma). After second-level degrees are attained, one may proceed to second level Master, specialisation schools (residency), or doctorates of research (PhD).

The 11 Schools (which replace the preexisting 23 faculties) are:

  • School of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine
  • School of Economics, Management and Statistics
  • School of Engineering and Architecture
  • School of Foreign Languages and Literature, Interpretation and Translation
  • School of Law
  • School of Arts, Humanities, and Cultural Heritage
  • School of Medicine and Surgery
  • School of Pharmacy, Biotechnologies and Sport Sciences
  • School of Political Sciences
  • School of Psychology and Education Sciences
  • School of Sciences

The university is structured in 33 departments (there were 66 until 2012), organized by homogeneous research domains that integrate activities related to one or more faculty. A new department of Latin history was added in 2015.

The 33 departments are:

Il Mulino

In the early 1950s, some students of the University of Bologna were among the founders of the review "il Mulino". On 25 April 1951 the first issue of the review was published in Bologna. In a short time, "il Mulino" became one of the most interesting reference points in Italy for the political and cultural debate, and established important editorial relationships in Italy and abroad. Editorial activities evolved along with the review. In 1954, the il Mulino publishing house (Società editrice il Mulino) was founded, which today represents one of the most relevant Italian publishers. In addition to this were initiated research projects (focusing mostly on the educational institutions and the political system in Italy), that eventually led, in 1964, to the establishment of the Istituto Carlo Cattaneo.

Collegio Superiore

The Collegio Superiore is an excellence institution inside the University of Bologna, aimed at promoting students' merit through dedicated learning programmes.

The institution was founded in 1998 as Collegio d'Eccellenza. Together with the Institute for Advanced Study it is part of the Institute for Higher Study.

The Collegio Superiore offers an additional educational path to students enrolled in a degree programme at the University of Bologna, providing specialized courses as part of an interdisciplinary framework.

All students of the Collegio Superiore are granted a full-ride scholarship and additional benefits such as the assistance of a personal tutor and free accommodation at the Residence for Higher Study. In order to remain members of the Collegio Superiore students are required to maintain high marks in both their degree programme and the additional courses.

Beatrice Fraboni, professor of Physics of Matter, has been head of Collegio Superiore since 2019.

Alumni

Faculty and staff

Notable former faculty include:

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World201-300 (2020)
CWUR World182 (2020-2021)
CWTS World119 (2020)
QS World166 (2022)
THE World=167 (2021)
USNWR Global112 (2021)

The 2022 QS World University Rankings ranked the University of Bologna 166th in the world and 71st (first in Italy) with reference to academic reputation. In another measurement by the same company, it was positioned among the world's top 100 universities for graduate employability (84th).

In the 2021 Times Higher Education World University Rankings, it claimed the 167th place globally. In the THE Impact Rankings of the same year, measuring the universities' commitment to sustainable development in compliance with the UN 2030 Agenda, Bologna took first place in Europe and sixth in the world.

Nationally, in 2020 Bologna topped Italy's main ranking of large public universities (> 40,000 students) for the eleventh year in a row, produced by the Italian Center for Social Investment Studies.

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University of Bologna Article Talk Language Watch Edit The University of Bologna Italian Alma Mater Studiorum Universita di Bologna UNIBO is a research university in Bologna Italy Founded in 1088 by an organised guild of students hence studiorum it is the oldest university in continuous operation in the world and the first university in the sense of a higher learning and degree awarding institute as the word universitas was coined at its foundation 3 4 5 6 University of BolognaAlma Mater Studiorum Universita di BolognaSealLatin Universitas BononiensisMottoPetrus ubique pater legum Bononia mater 1 Latin Motto in EnglishSt Peter is everywhere the father of the law Bologna is its motherTypePublic research universityEstablishedc 1088 934 years ago 1088 Academic affiliationsCoimbra Group European Universities Association Guild of European Research Intensive Universities International Association of Universities Scholars at Risk Europaeum Una Europa Mediterranean Universities Union UniAdrion Utrecht NetworkRectorGiovanni MolariAcademic staff2 917 2 Administrative staff2 965 2 Students90 291 2 Undergraduates47 253Postgraduates36 266Doctoral students4 239LocationBologna others Cesena Forli Ravenna and Rimini Italy 44 29 38 N 11 20 34 E 44 49389 N 11 34278 E 44 49389 11 34278 Coordinates 44 29 38 N 11 20 34 E 44 49389 N 11 34278 E 44 49389 11 34278CampusUniversity town 103 hectares 256 acres NewspaperUNIBO MagazineColoursRed Sports teamsCUS BolognaWebsiteunibo wbr it It is commonly ranked in the first places of national European and international rankings both as a whole and for individual subjects 7 8 Since its foundation it has attracted numerous scholars intellectuals and students from all over Italy and the world establishing itself as one of the main international centers of learning 9 It was the first place of study to use the term universitas for the corporations of students and masters which came to define the institution especially its famous law school located in Bologna The university s emblem carries the motto Alma Mater Studiorum Nourishing mother of studies and the date A D 1088 and it has about 86 500 students in its 11 schools 10 It has campuses in Cesena Forli Ravenna and Rimini and a branch center abroad in Buenos Aires Argentina 11 It also has a school of excellence named Collegio Superiore di Bologna An associate publisher of the University of Bologna is the Bononia University Press The University of Bologna saw the first woman to earn a university degree and teach at a university Bettisia Gozzadini and the first woman to earn both a doctorate in science and a salaried position as a university professor Laura Bassi Contents 1 History 2 Organization 3 Affiliates and other institutions 3 1 Il Mulino 3 2 Collegio Superiore 4 Notable people 4 1 Alumni 4 2 Faculty and staff 5 Rankings and reputation 6 Points of interest 7 See also 8 References 9 External linksHistory Edit The entry of some students in the Natio Germanica Bononiae the nation of German students at Bologna miniature of 1497 The date of the University of Bologna s founding is uncertain but believed by most accounts to have been 1088 12 The university was granted a charter Authentica habita by Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa in 1158 but in the 19th century a committee of historians led by Giosue Carducci traced the founding of the university back to 1088 which would make it the oldest continuously operating university in the world 13 14 15 However the development of the institution at Bologna into a university was a gradual process Paul Grendler writes that it is not likely that enough instruction and organization existed to merit the term university before the 1150s and it might not have happened before the 1180s 16 The university arose around mutual aid societies known as universitates scholarium of foreign students called nations as they were grouped by nationality for protection against city laws which imposed collective punishment on foreigners for the crimes and debts of their countrymen These students then hired scholars from the city s pre existing lay and ecclesiastical schools to teach them subjects such as liberal arts notarial law theology and ars dictaminis scrivenery 17 The lectures were given in informal schools called scholae In time the various universitates scholarium decided to form a larger association or Studium thus the university The Studium grew to have a strong position of collective bargaining with the city since by then it derived significant revenue through visiting foreign students who would depart if they were not well treated The foreign students in Bologna received greater rights and collective punishment was ended There was also collective bargaining with the scholars who served as professors at the university By the initiation or threat of a student strike the students could enforce their demands as to the content of courses and the pay professors would receive University professors were hired fired and had their pay determined by an elected council of two representatives from every student nation which governed the institution with the most important decisions requiring a majority vote from all the students to ratify The professors could also be fined if they failed to finish classes on time or complete course material by the end of the semester A student committee the Denouncers of Professors kept tabs on them and reported any misbehavior Professors themselves were not powerless however forming collegia doctorum professors committees in each faculty and securing the rights to set examination fees and degree requirements Eventually the city ended this arrangement paying professors from tax revenues and making it a chartered public university 18 Bologna University Library The university is historically notable for its teaching of canon and civil law 19 indeed it was set up in large part with the aim of studying the Digest 20 a central text in Roman law which had been rediscovered in Italy in 1070 and the university was central in the development of medieval Roman law 21 Until modern times the only degree granted at that university was the doctorate Bettisia Gozzadini earned a law degree in 1237 being one of the first women in history to obtain a university degree 22 She taught law from her own home for two years and in 1239 she taught at the university becoming the first woman in history to teach at a university 23 In 1477 when Pope Sixtus IV issued a papal bull authorizing the creation of Uppsala University in Sweden the bull specified that the new university would have the same freedoms and privileges as the University of Bologna a highly desirable situation for the Swedish scholars This included the right of Uppsala to establish the four traditional faculties of theology law Canon Law and Roman law medicine and philosophy and to award the bachelor s master s licentiate and doctoral degrees Laura Bassi was born into a prosperous family of Bologna and was privately educated from the age of five 24 Bassi s education and intellect was noticed by Prospero Lorenzini Lambertini who became the Archbishop of Bologna in 1731 later Pope Benedict XIV Lambertini became the official patron of Bassi He arranged for a public debate between Bassi and four professors from the University of Bologna on 17 April 1732 25 In 1732 Bassi aged twenty publicly defended her forty nine theses on Philosophica Studia 26 at the Sala degli Anziani of the Palazzo Pubblico The University of Bologna awarded her a doctorate degree on 12 May 27 She became the first woman to receive a doctorate in science and the second woman in the world to earn a philosophy doctorate after Elena Cornaro Piscopia in 1678 fifty four years prior She was by then popularly known as Bolognese Minerva 28 24 On 29 October 1732 the Senate and the University of Bologna granted Bassi s candidature and in December she was appointed professor of natural philosophy to teach physics 29 30 She became the first salaried woman lecturer in the world 31 thus beginning her academic career She was also the first woman member of any scientific establishment when she was elected to the Academy of Sciences of the Institute of Bologna in 1732 32 33 Bassi became the most important populariser of Newtonian mechanics in Italy 34 In 1971 the Graecist Benedetto Marzullo in company with Umberto Eco Renato Barilli Adelio Ferrero instituted within the Faculty of Letters and Arts the DAMS acronym of discipline delle arti della musica e dello spettacolo Dicipline of Arts Musics and Performance It was the first degree course of this type to be opened in Italy Between December 26 1982 and November 29 1983 there occurred the DAMS murders in Italian Delitti del DAMS dealing with four victims who were students or professors of the DAMS Angelo Fabbri a brilliant student of Umberto Eco Liviana Rossi the dancer Francesca Alinovi who was stabbed for 47 times and Leonarda Polvani 35 36 Organization EditThis section needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed April 2019 Learn how and when to remove this template message Area above Bologna s old city centre Interior view of the Porticum and Loggia of its oldest College the Royal Spanish College Higher education processes are being harmonised across the European Community Nowadays the university offers 101 different Laurea or Laurea breve first level degrees three years of courses followed by 108 Laurea specialistica or Laurea magistrale second level degrees two years However 11 other courses have maintained preceding rules of Laurea specialistica a ciclo unico or Laurea magistrale a ciclo unico with only one cycle of study of five years except for medicine and dentistry which requires six years of courses After the Laurea one may attain first level Master one year diploma similar to a Postgraduate diploma After second level degrees are attained one may proceed to second level Master specialisation schools residency or doctorates of research PhD The 11 Schools which replace the preexisting 23 faculties are School of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine School of Economics Management and Statistics School of Engineering and Architecture School of Foreign Languages and Literature Interpretation and Translation School of Law School of Arts Humanities and Cultural Heritage School of Medicine and Surgery School of Pharmacy Biotechnologies and Sport Sciences School of Political Sciences School of Psychology and Education Sciences School of Sciences The university is structured in 33 departments 37 there were 66 until 2012 organized by homogeneous research domains that integrate activities related to one or more faculty A new department of Latin history was added in 2015 The 33 departments are Architecture DA Cultural Heritage DBC Chemistry Giacomo Ciamician CHIM Industrial Chemistry Toso Montanari CHIMIND Arts DARvipem Pharmacy and Biotechnology FaBiT Classical Philology and Italian Studies FICLIT Philosophy and Communication Studies FILCOM Physics and Astronomy DIFA Computer Science and Engineering DISI Civil Chemical Environmental and Materials Engineering DICAM Electrical Electronic and Information Engineering Guglielmo Marconi DEI Industrial Engineering DIN Interpreting and Translation DIT Modern Languages Literatures and Cultures LILEC Mathematics MAT Experimental Medicine Diagnostic Medicine and Specialty Medicine DIMES Psychology PSI Agricultural Sciences DipSA Management DiSA Biological Geological and Environmental Sciences BiGeA Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences DIBINEM Education Studies Giovanni Maria Bertin EDU Agricultural and Food Sciences DISTAL Economics DSE Legal Studies DSG Medical and Surgical Sciences DIMEC Veterinary Medical Sciences DIMEVET Department for Life Quality Studies QUVI Political and Social Sciences SPS Statistical Sciences Paolo Fortunati STAT Sociology and Business Law SDE History and Cultures DiSCiAffiliates and other institutions EditIl Mulino Edit In the early 1950s some students of the University of Bologna were among the founders of the review il Mulino On 25 April 1951 the first issue of the review was published in Bologna 38 In a short time il Mulino became one of the most interesting reference points in Italy for the political and cultural debate and established important editorial relationships in Italy and abroad Editorial activities evolved along with the review In 1954 the il Mulino publishing house Societa editrice il Mulino was founded which today represents one of the most relevant Italian publishers In addition to this were initiated research projects focusing mostly on the educational institutions and the political system in Italy that eventually led in 1964 to the establishment of the Istituto Carlo Cattaneo Collegio Superiore Edit The Collegio Superiore is an excellence institution inside the University of Bologna aimed at promoting students merit through dedicated learning programmes The institution was founded in 1998 as Collegio d Eccellenza Together with the Institute for Advanced Study it is part of the Institute for Higher Study The Collegio Superiore offers an additional educational path to students enrolled in a degree programme at the University of Bologna providing specialized courses as part of an interdisciplinary framework All students of the Collegio Superiore are granted a full ride scholarship and additional benefits such as the assistance of a personal tutor and free accommodation at the Residence for Higher Study In order to remain members of the Collegio Superiore students are required to maintain high marks in both their degree programme and the additional courses Beatrice Fraboni professor of Physics of Matter has been head of Collegio Superiore since 2019 39 Notable people EditMain article List of University of Bologna people Pope Alexander VI Petrarch Carlo Goldoni Guglielmo Marconi Alumni Edit Cardinal Alberto Bolognetti Pope Alexander VI 40 Anna M Borghi Italian cognitive psychologist Augusto Righi pioneer in the study of electromagnetism 41 42 Carlo Goldoni 43 Italian playwright Carlo Rovelli Italian theoretical physicist Carlo Severini 44 Saint Charles Borromeo archbishop of Milan 45 Dante Alighieri 46 Italian poet writer and philosopher Diego Della Valle chairman of the Italian leather goods company Tod s Enzo Ferrari Italian racing driver engineer and entrepreneur Erasmus of Rotterdam 47 Gabriele Paleotti 48 Gasparo Tagliacozzi pioneer of plastic and reconstructive surgery 49 50 51 Giacomo Matteotti 52 53 Giovanni Pascoli 54 55 Pope Gregory XIII Ugo Boncompagni 56 57 Pope Gregory XV 58 Guglielmo Marconi 59 60 Italian inventor and radio pioneer Henry of Susa Hostiensis 61 Pope Innocent IX 62 Irnerius founder of the School of Glossators 63 Laura Bassi the world s first woman to earn a university chair in a scientific field of studies 64 65 Lazzaro Spallanzani 66 Italian priest biologist and physiologist Leon Battista Alberti 67 Luigi Galvani 68 69 70 Manuel Olivencia lawyer and academic 71 Marcello Malpighi 72 73 Michelangelo Antonioni 74 75 76 Nicolaus Copernicus formulator of the heliocentric universal model 77 78 Cardinal Paolo Burali d Arezzo 79 Paracelsus founder of the discipline of toxicology 80 Patrizio Bianchi Minister of Public Education in the Draghi Cabinet Petrarch 81 Pico della Mirandola 82 83 Pier Paolo Pasolini 84 85 Pietro Mengoli 86 Archbishop Thomas Becket 87 Tommaso Perelli Italian astronomer Torquato Tasso 88 Ulisse Aldrovandi 89 90 Umberto Eco Italian semiotician philosopher and writerFaculty and staff Edit Notable former faculty include 91 11th century Irnerius 12th century Bulgarus Gratian Martinus Gosia Patriarch Heraclius of Jerusalem William of Tyre 13th century Benvenutus Scotivoli Bettisia Gozzadini Guido Guinizelli Henry of Susa Hostiensis Paul Dominican martyr Sylvester Gozzolini William of Saliceto 14th century Manuel Chrysoloras Giovanni de Marignolli Francesco Petrarca also known as Petrarch Coluccio Salutati 15th century Leon Battista Alberti Nicolaus Copernicus Lippo Bartolomeo Dardi Yuriy Drohobych also known as Georgius de Drohobycz Giovanni Pico della Mirandola 16th century Ulisse Aldrovandi Giovanni Antonio Magini Camillo Baldi Girolamo Cardano Ignazio Danti Giovanni Della Casa Girolamo Maggi Virgilio Malvezzi Paracelsus 17th century Giovanni Cassini Niall o Glacain Marcello Malpighi Pietro Mengoli 18th century Laura Bassi Luigi Galvani Maria Gaetana Agnesi Carlo Goldoni 19th century Augusto Righi Giacomo Ciamician Giosue Carducci Giovanni Pascoli Pellegrino Rossi Francesco Selmi 20th century Umberto Eco Beppo Levi Guglielmo Marconi Pier Paolo Pasolini Romano Prodi 21st century Hamida Barmaki Ozalp Babaoglu Gabriella Campadelli Fiume Pier Cesare Bori Augusto Barbera Gualtiero Calboli 92 Ivano Dionigi Luciano FloridiRankings and reputation EditUniversity rankingsGlobal OverallARWU World 93 201 300 2020 CWUR World 94 182 2020 2021 CWTS World 95 119 2020 QS World 96 166 2022 THE World 97 167 2021 USNWR Global 98 112 2021 The 2022 QS World University Rankings ranked the University of Bologna 166th in the world and 71st first in Italy with reference to academic reputation In another measurement by the same company it was positioned among the world s top 100 universities for graduate employability 84th 99 In the 2021 Times Higher Education World University Rankings it claimed the 167th place globally 100 In the THE Impact Rankings of the same year measuring the universities commitment to sustainable development in compliance with the UN 2030 Agenda Bologna took first place in Europe and sixth in the world 101 Nationally in 2020 Bologna topped Italy s main ranking of large public universities gt 40 000 students for the eleventh year in a row produced by the Italian Center for Social Investment Studies 102 Points of interest EditOrto Botanico dell Universita di Bologna L Orto Agrario Filippo Re in Italian Translate to English Google Bing Yandex See also EditBologna Bologna declaration Bologna process Coimbra Group a network of leading European universities Collegio Superiore di Bologna school of excellence of the University of Bologna List of Italian universities List of medieval universities Medieval university Palazzo Poggi Utrecht NetworkReferences Edit Charters of foundation and early documents of the universities of the Coimbra Group Hermans Jos M M ISBN 90 5867 474 6 a b c The University today numbers and innovation Top Universities Archived 17 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine World University Rankings Retrieved 6 January 2010 Paul L Gaston 2010 The Challenge of Bologna p 18 ISBN 978 1 57922 366 3 Retrieved 7 July 2016 Hunt Janin The university in medieval life 1179 1499 McFarland 2008 ISBN 0 7864 3462 7 p 55f de Ridder Symoens Hilde A History of the University in Europe Volume 1 Universities in the Middle Ages Cambridge University Press 1992 ISBN 0 521 36105 2 pp 47 55 Dieci volte prima l Universita di Bologna ancora al top in Italia tra i mega atenei Europe Ranking Web of Universities www webometrics info Most international universities in the world Times Higher Education THE 2020 01 28 Retrieved 2020 12 17 Schools University of Bologna Retrieved 22 December 2015 Campuses and Structures University of Bologna Retrieved 22 December 2015 1 Universita di Bologna Top Universities Archived 2008 01 15 at the Wayback Machine World University Rankings Retrieved 2010 1 6 Our History Universita di Bologna Paul L Gaston 2012 The Challenge of Bologna What United States Higher Education Has to Learn from Europe and Why It Matters That We Learn It Stylus Publishing LLC p 18 ISBN 978 1 57922 502 5 Paul F Grendler The Universities of the Italian Renaissance JHU Press 2002 6 David A Lines The University and the City Cultural Interactions in A Companion to Medieval and Renaissance Bologna ed Sarah Rubin Blanshei Leiden Brill 2017 437 8 A University Built by the Invisible Hand by Roderick T Long This article was published in the Spring 1994 issue of Formulations by the Free Nation Foundation University of Bologna History amp Development Encyclopedia Britannica Retrieved 2017 08 21 Berman Law and Revolution ch 3 Stein Roman Law in European History part 3 See Corpus Juris Civilis Recovery in the West Murphy Caroline P 1999 In praise of the ladies of Bologna the image and identity of the sixteenth century Bolognese female patriciate Renaissance Studies 13 4 440 454 doi 10 1111 j 1477 4658 1999 tb00090 x ISSN 0269 1213 JSTOR 24412719 PMID 22106487 Bonafede Carolina 1845 Cenni biografici e ritratti d insigni donne bolognesi raccolti dagli storici piu accreditati in Italian Sassi a b Laura Bassi at Encyclopedia com Laura Bassi 1711 1778 mathshistory st andrews ac uk Retrieved 2020 05 20 Women In The History Of Philosophy www encyclopedia com 2020 Retrieved 20 May 2020 Elena Alberto 1991 In lode della filosofessa di Bologna An Introduction to Laura Bassi Isis 82 3 510 518 doi 10 1086 355839 S2CID 144763731 Frize Monique 2013 Famous Women in Science in Laura Bassi s Epoch Laura Bassi and Science in 18th Century Europe Springer Berlin Heidelberg pp 137 162 doi 10 1007 978 3 642 38685 5 10 ISBN 978 3 642 38684 8 Monique Frize Laura Bassi and Science in 18th Century Europe The Extraordinary Life and Role of Italy s Pioneering Female Professor Springer p 174 Findlen Paula 2013 08 29 Laura Bassi and the city of learning Physics World Retrieved 2020 05 20 Frize Monique 2013 Epilogue Laura Bassi and Science in 18th Century Europe Berlin Heidelberg Springer Berlin Heidelberg pp 173 181 doi 10 1007 978 3 642 38685 5 ISBN 978 3 642 38684 8 Laura Bassi Italian scientist Encyclopedia Britannica Retrieved 2020 08 30 Laura BASSI scientificwomen net Retrieved 2020 08 30 Findlen Paula 1993 Science as a career in Enlightenment Italy The strategies of Laura Bassi Isis 84 3 441 469 doi 10 1086 356547 JSTOR 235642 S2CID 144024298 TG2 Dossier Storie in Italian July 3 2021 Retrieved July 4 2021 at minute 9 00 Lea Polvani e i delitti del DAMS YoutTube in Italian Radio Caffe Criminale Archived from the original on February 3 2021 List of the Departments of the University of Bologna La Societa editrice Retrieved 6 February 2020 Beatrice Fraboni e la nuova direttrice del Collegio Superiore 2019 07 08 Retrieved 2020 02 06 Alexander VI Biography Legacy amp Facts Encyclopedia Britannica Retrieved 2019 04 26 Augusto Righi www fgm it Retrieved 2019 04 26 Righi Augusto Encyclopedia com www encyclopedia com Retrieved 2019 04 26 The University from the 12th to the 20th century University of Bologna www unibo it Retrieved 2019 04 26 Marchisotto Elena Anne Smith James T 2007 12 05 The Legacy of Mario Pieri in Geometry and Arithmetic Springer Science amp Business Media ISBN 9780817646035 Biography of St Charles Borromeo Saint Charles Borromeo Catholic Church Retrieved 2019 04 26 L Universita dal XII al XX secolo Universita di Bologna Retrieved 2020 04 13 Erasmus Biography amp Facts Encyclopedia Britannica Retrieved 2019 04 26 PALEOTTI Gabriele in Dizionario Biografico www treccani it in Italian Retrieved 2019 04 26 Gaspare Tagliacozzi 1545 99 broughttolife sciencemuseum org uk Retrieved 2019 04 26 Zimbler Marc S 2001 10 01 Gaspare Tagliacozzi 1545 1599 Renaissance Surgeon Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery 3 4 283 284 doi 10 1001 archfaci 3 4 283 ISSN 1521 2491 PMID 11710869 Menard Sophie January 2019 An Unknown Renaissance Portrait of Tagliacozzi 1545 1599 the Founder of Plastic Surgery Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Global Open 7 1 e2006 doi 10 1097 GOX 0000000000002006 ISSN 2169 7574 PMC 6382240 PMID 30859024 Giacomo Matteotti Italian social leader Encyclopedia Britannica Retrieved 2019 04 26 Biography House Museum Giacomo Matteotti Retrieved 2019 04 26 Giovanni Pascoli appointed professor at the University of Bologna Getty Images in Italian Retrieved 2019 04 26 Giovanni Pascoli Italian poet Encyclopedia Britannica Retrieved 2019 04 26 Pope Gregory XIII Accomplishments amp Legacy Study com Retrieved 2019 04 26 Gregory Xiii Encyclopedia com www encyclopedia com Retrieved 2019 04 26 Gregory XV pope Encyclopedia Britannica Retrieved 2019 04 26 Marconi itinerary in Bologna and surroundings Bologna Welcome Retrieved 2019 04 26 Guglielmo Marconi Italian physicist Encyclopedia Britannica Retrieved 2019 04 26 Brundage James A 2014 06 11 Medieval Canon Law Routledge ISBN 9781317895343 Innocent Iv Encyclopedia com www encyclopedia com Retrieved 2019 04 26 Irnerius Italian legal scholar Encyclopedia Britannica Retrieved 2019 04 26 Laura Bassi University of Bologna www unibo it Retrieved 2019 04 26 Laura Bassi Italian scientist Encyclopedia Britannica Retrieved 2019 04 26 Lazzaro Spallanzani 1729 1799 The Embryo Project Encyclopedia embryo asu edu Retrieved 2019 04 26 Leon Battista Alberti Italian architect and author Encyclopedia Britannica Retrieved 2019 04 26 Luigi Galvani University of Bologna www unibo it Retrieved 2019 04 26 Luigi Galvani Encyclopedia com www encyclopedia com Retrieved 2019 04 26 Luigi Galvani grants hhp coe uh edu Retrieved 2019 04 26 Manuel Olivencia receives Premio Pelayo para Juristas de Reconocido Prestigio award Cuatrecasas Retrieved 2019 04 26 Marcello Malpighi University of Bologna www unibo it Retrieved 2019 04 26 Marcello Malpighi Italian scientist Encyclopedia Britannica Retrieved 2019 04 26 Michelangelo Antonioni Italian director Encyclopedia Britannica Retrieved 2019 04 26 Spotlight Michelangelo Antonioni www ecufilmfestival com 2018 03 30 Retrieved 2019 04 26 Michelangelo Antonioni Encyclopedia com www encyclopedia com Retrieved 2019 04 26 Rutkowski Boleslaw Muszytowski Marek Ostrowski Janusz May 2011 Nicolaus Copernicus not only a great astronomer but also a physician Journal of Nephrology 24 Suppl 17 Suppl 17 S25 32 doi 10 5301 JN 2011 6490 ISSN 1724 6059 PMID 21614776 Studying at University of Bologna Plone site Retrieved 2019 04 26 Comune di Itri Sito comunale www comune itri lt it Retrieved 2019 04 26 Famous people guests and illustrious students University of Bologna www unibo it Retrieved 2019 04 26 Petrarch Poetry Foundation 2019 04 25 Retrieved 2019 04 26 Copenhaver Brian 2016 Giovanni Pico della Mirandola in Zalta Edward N ed The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Fall 2016 ed Metaphysics Research Lab Stanford University retrieved 2019 04 26 Giovanni Pico della Mirandola count di Concordia Italian scholar Encyclopedia Britannica Retrieved 2019 04 26 Pier Paolo Pasolini Bologna Welcome Retrieved 2019 04 26 Pier Paolo Pasolini Italian author and director Encyclopedia Britannica Retrieved 2019 04 26 Pietro Mengoli 1626 1686 www history mcs st and ac uk Retrieved 2019 04 26 Saint Thomas Becket Biography Death amp Significance Encyclopedia Britannica Retrieved 2019 04 26 Torquato Tasso Encyclopedia com www encyclopedia com Retrieved 2019 04 26 Ulisse Aldrovandi University of Bologna www unibo it Retrieved 2019 04 26 Ulisse Aldrovandi Italian naturalist Encyclopedia Britannica Retrieved 2019 04 26 Serafino Mazzetti Repertorio di tutti I professori antichi e moderni della famosa Universita di Bologna Bologna 1848 Gualtiero Calboli Universita di Bologna Home Page Academic Ranking of World Universities 2020 Shanghai Jiaotong University Retrieved 30 December 2020 CWUR World University Rankings 2020 2021 CWUR 10 July 2020 Retrieved 10 July 2020 CWTS Leiden Ranking 2020 Leiden University Retrieved 30 December 2020 QS World University Rankings 2022 Top Universities Retrieved 9 June 2020 World University Rankings 2021 Times Higher Education 25 August 2020 Retrieved 30 December 2020 USNWR World Rankings 2021 US News amp World Report 19 October 2020 Retrieved 30 December 2020 QS Graduate Employability Rankings 2020 THE World University Rankings 2021 2020 09 03 Impact Rankings 2020 2020 04 22 La Classifica Censis delle Universita italiane edizione 2020 2021 2020 07 14 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to University of Bologna University of Bologna Website in English University of Bologna Website in Italian Translate to English Google Bing Yandex also has a Chinese version University of Bologna in Buenos Aires in Spanish Translate to English Google Bing Yandex Scholars and Literati at the University of Bologna 1088 1800 in Repertorium Eruditorum Totius Europae RETE Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title University of Bologna amp oldid 1091780953, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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