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The University of Calcutta (informally known as Calcutta University;abbreviated as CU) is a collegiate public state university located in Kolkata, West Bengal, India. It was established on 24 January 1857 and is the first multidisciplinary and Western-style institution in Asia. Today, the university's jurisdiction is limited to a few districts of West Bengal, but at the time of establishment it had a catchment area, ranging from Lahore to Myanmar. Within India, it is recognized as a "Five-Star University" and accredited an "A" grade by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC). The University of Calcutta was awarded the status of "Centre with Potential for Excellence in Particular Area" and "University with potential for excellence" by the University Grants Commission (UGC).

University of Calcutta
Seal of the University of Calcutta
Latin: Universitas Calcuttae
Other name
Calcutta University
MottoAdvancement of Learning
TypePublic
Established24 January 1857; 165 years ago (24 January 1857)
AccreditationNAAC
Academic affiliations
Budget337 crore (US$44 million)(2021–22 est.)
ChancellorGovernor of West Bengal
Vice-ChancellorSonali Chakravarti Banerjee
Academic staff
1,255 (2022)
Students19,119 (2022)
Undergraduates2,830 (2022)
Postgraduates12,779 (2022)
3,510 (2022)
Location,,
India

22°34′35″N88°21′43″E /22.57639°N 88.36194°E /22.57639; 88.36194Coordinates: 22°34′35″N88°21′43″E /22.57639°N 88.36194°E /22.57639; 88.36194
CampusUrban
AcronymCU
Websitewww.caluniv.ac.in

The university has a total of fourteen campuses spread over the city of Kolkata and its suburbs. As of 2020, 151 colleges and 21 institutes and centres are affiliated with it. The university was fourth in the Indian University Ranking 2021 list, released by the National Institutional Ranking Framework of the Ministry of Education of the Government of India.

Its alumni and faculty include several heads of state and government, social reformers, prominent artists, the only Indian Academy award winner and Dirac medal winner, many Fellows of the Royal Society and five Nobel laureates—the highest number in South Asia—as of 2019. The five Nobel laureates associated with this university are: Ronald Ross, Rabindranath Tagore, C. V. Raman, Amartya Sen and Abhijit Vinayak Banerjee. The university has the highest number of students who have cleared the National Eligibility Test. The University of Calcutta is a member of the United Nations Academic Impact.

Contents

Pre-independence

Fredrick John, the education secretary to the British Government in India, first tendered a proposal to them in London for the establishment of a university in Calcutta, along the lines of London University. In July 1854, the Court of Directors of the East India Company sent a dispatch, known as Wood's despatch, to the Governor General of India in Council, to establish universities in Calcutta, Madras and Bombay.

The University of Calcutta in the late nineteenth century, by Francis Frith

The Calcutta University Act came into force on 24 January 1857, and a 41-member Senate was formed as the policy-making body of the university. The land for the establishment of the university was given by Maharaja Maheshwar Singh Bahadur, who was a Maharaja of Darbhanga. When the university was first established it had a jurisdiction from Lahore to Rangoon and Ceylon, the largest of any Indian university. Calcutta University was the first university east of Suez to teach European classics, English literature, European and Indian philosophy and Occidental and Oriental history. The first medical school in British India, the Calcutta Medical College, was affiliated with the university in 1857. The first college for women in India, Bethune College, is affiliated with the university.

From 1836 to 1890, Government Science College, Jabalpur, the first Indian science college, was affiliated with the University of Calcutta. The first university library began functioning in the 1870s. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay and Joddu Nath Bose became the first graduates of the university in 1858, and Kadambini Ganguly and Chandramukhi Basu were the first Indian female graduates in 1882. The first chancellor and vice-chancellor of the Calcutta University were Governor General Lord Canning and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Sir William Colvile, respectively. Ashutosh Mukherjee was the vice-chancellor for four consecutive two-year terms (1906–1914) and a fifth two-year term in 1921–23.

Calcutta Medical College in 1910

Initially, the university was only an affiliating and examining body. All the academic and teaching work was done in constituent colleges, which were the Presidency College (now called Presidency University), the Scottish Church College, the Sanskrit College and the Bengal Engineering College (now called Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology). During that period, the Council Room of the Calcutta Medical College and private residence of the vice-chancellor used to house the Senate meetings. The faculty councils generally met at the residences of the presidents of the faculties concerned, in the Civil Engineering College or in the Writers' Building. Because of the lack of space, university examinations were conducted in the Kolkata Town Hall and in tents in the Maidan urban park.

In 1866, a grant of81,600 (equivalent to32 million or US$420,000 in 2020) for the site and170,561 (equivalent to66 million or US$870,000 in 2020) was sanctioned to construct the new building on College Street. It opened in 1873 and was called Senate House. It had meeting halls for the Senate, a chamber for the vice-chancellor, the office of the registrar, examination rooms and lecture halls. In 1904, postgraduate teaching and research began at the university, which led to an increase in the number of students and candidates. After almost sixty years, a second building, known as the Darbhanga Building, was erected in 1912 with a donation of2.5 lakh (equivalent to6.6 crore or US$860,000 in 2020) from Maharaja Maheshwar Singh Bahadur.

The Darbhanga Building housed the University Law College, its library and some university offices and afforded space to hold university examinations on its top floor. In the same year, the Government of British India granted a sum of8 lakh (equivalent to21 crore or US$2.8 million in 2020) for the acquisition of a market, Madhab Babu's Bazar, situated adjacent to the Senate House, and construction of a new building for the teaching departments began. It opened in 1926, and was later named the Asutosh Building, after Asutosh Mukherjee, vice-chancellor of the university in 1906–14. Between 1912 and 1914, Taraknath Palit and Rash Behari Ghosh, two eminent lawyers, donated assets totalling25 lakh (equivalent to57 crore or US$7.5 million in 2020), and founded the University College of Science at Upper Circular Road (now known as Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road).

Senate Hall of University of Calcutta, early 1910s

Post-independence

Before the partition of India, twenty-seven colleges from East Bengal (now Bangladesh) were affiliated with the university. The Government of West Bengal passed the Calcutta University Act of 1951, which substituted the earlier act of 1904 and ensured a democratic structure for the university. The West Bengal Secondary Education Act was passed in the same year linking the university with the school leaving examination. Gradually the requirements of the university grew, and the Senate House was becoming incapable of handling them. After the centenary of Calcutta University, the building was demolished to make space for a more utilitarian building. In 1957, the university's centenary year, it received a grant of1 crore (equivalent to85 crore or US$11 million in 2020) from the University Grants Commission, which aided with the construction of the Centenary Building on the College Street campus and the Law College Building on Hazra Road campus. The Economics Department got its own building in 1958 near Barrackpore Trunk Road. In 1965, the Goenka Hospital Diagnostic Research Centre for the University College of Medicine was opened as the university health service. Until 1960, Senate House was one of the city's most prominent landmarks.

In 1968, the Centenary Building opened on the former location of the Senate House. Currently, it houses the Central Library, the Asutosh Museum of Indian Art, the centenary auditorium and a number of university offices. By the mid-1970s, it had become one of the largest universities in the world. It had 13 colleges under its direct control and more than 150 affiliated colleges, along with 16 postgraduate faculties. In the year 2001, the University of Calcutta was awarded the 'Five-Star' status in the first cycle of the university's accreditation by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC). In 2009 and 2017, the NAAC awarded its highest grade of 'A' to the University of Calcutta in the second and third cycle of the university's accreditation. In 2019, the university's central library and 40 departmental libraries were opened to the public. They have over one million books and more than 200,000 journals, proceedings and manuscripts.

The seal has changed multiple times over the years. The first seal dates back to 1857. Although it was changed, when the Government of India Act 1858 was passed by the British parliament that brought the government and territories of the East India Company under British Crown. Seal three, four and five were introduced in 1930s, The fourth seal faced criticism locally. The current university seal is the modified version of the sixth seal. The motto Advancement of Learning has remained the same through the seal's transitions.

Evolution of seals

The university has a total of 14 campuses spread over the city of Kolkata and its suburbs. They are referred to as Sikhsa Prangan, which means education premises. Major campuses include the Central Campus (Ashutosh Shiksha Prangan) on College Street, University College of Science, Technology and Agriculture (Rashbehari Shiksha Prangan or Rajabazar Science College or Science College) in Rajabazar, Taraknath Palit Shiksha Prangan in Ballygunge and Sahid Khudiram Siksha Prangan in Alipore. Other campuses include the Hazra Road Campus, the University Press and Book Depot, the B. T. Road Campus, the Viharilal College of Home Science Campus, the University Health Service, the Haringhata Campus, the Dhakuria Lakes (University Rowing Club) and the University Ground and Tent at Maidan.

Ashutosh Building at the College Street campus
Rajabazar Campus, Kolkata
Sahid Khudiram Siksha Prangan or Alipore campus.
Hazra Campus, Kolkata
Technology Campus, Salt Lake

Asutosh Siksha Prangan

The main gate of Asutosh Siksha Prangan in College Street.

Asutosh Siksha Prangan (commonly called the College Street Campus) is the university's main campus where the administrative work is done. Located on College Street, it is spread over an area of 2.7 acres (1.1 ha). It houses the Arts and Language department, administrative offices, museum, the central library, an auditorium etc. Exhibits like folk art of Bengal are present in the Asutosh Museum of Indian Art. Senate House was the first university building situated on this campus; it opened in 1872. In 1960, it was demolished to make way for a larger building, the Centenary Building, which opened in 1968. The Darbhanga Building and the Asutosh Building are the two other buildings opened in 1921 and 1926, respectively.

Rashbehari Siksha Prangan

Rashbehari Siksha Prangan (also known as University College of Science, Technology and Agriculture, or more commonly Rajabazar Science College), is located on Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road in Rajabazar. Established in 1914, houses several scientific and technological departments, including pure and applied chemistry, pure and applied physics, radio physics, applied mathematics, psychology, physiology, biophysics and molecular biology, and others.

Taraknath Palit Siksha Prangan

Taraknath Palit Siksha Prangan (also known as University College of Science or commonly Ballygunge Science College) on Ballygunge Circular Road in the southern part of the city, houses the departments of agriculture, anthropology, biochemistry, microbiology, botany, geography, genetics, statistics, zoology, neuroscience, marine science, biotechnology, and most notably geology, among others. It also houses S. N. Pradhan Centre For Neurosciences and the Institute of Agricultural Science.

Sahid Khudiram Siksha Prangan

Sahid Khudiram Siksha Prangan, commonly known as Alipore Campus, located at Alipore is the humanities campus of the university. The departments of history, ancient Indian history and culture, Islamic history and culture, South and Southeast Asian studies, archaeology, political science, business management and museology are situated on this campus.

Technology Campus

The Technology Campus, also known as the Tech Camps, is the newest on the university. It brings together the three engineering and technical departments: the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, the A.K.C. School of Information Technology and the Department of Applied Optics and Photonics, in Sector 3, JD Block, Salt Lake.

Map of the University of Calcutta campuses

Governance

The university is governed by a board of administrative officers, which include the vice-chancellor, pro-vice-chancellor for academic affairs, pro-vice-chancellor for business affairs and finance, the registrar, the university librarian, the inspector of colleges, the system manager and 35 others. They monitor the operation of the university and its affiliated colleges and the university's funding. In 2017, Sonali Chakravarti Banerjee became the 51st vice-chancellor of the university. The university is funded by the University Grants Commission, the Government of West Bengal, other agencies for various research works and by the university's own initiatives like fees, sales proceeds, publications, service charges generated from endowment funds etc.

Jurisdiction

At one point of time, the university had a huge catchment area in British India, starting from Lahore in the west to Rangoon in east and Ceylon in the south. Colleges like Thomason Engineering College (now IIT Roorkee), Muhammedan Anglo-Oriental College (now Aligarh Muslim University) etc. were affiliated to the university. Schools situated in districts like Rawalpindi, Lahore, Jaypur, Cawnpur, Lucknow, Mussoorie etc. used to prepare and send students for the entrance examination of the university. No provisions to curtail territorial control were made after establishment of University of Punjab and Allahabad in 1882 and 1887 respectively. Although after the Indian Universities Act of 1904 came in, for the first time, the university's control got curtailed to Bengal (which included Orissa and Bihar), Assam and Burma provinces. In the act, provisions were made to limit territorial jurisdiction and it gave the Governor-General-in-Council the power to limit territorial jurisdiction of the five universities; Calcutta, Bombay, Madras, the Punjab and Allahabad.

Following the Government of British India notification on 20 August 1904, Ceylon went under the University of Madras; provinces, states and agencies of Central India, such as the Central India Agency, Rajputana Agency, United Provinces of Agra and Oudh etc. went to the hands of University of Allahabad; Northern and North-Western provinces and states went under the University of Punjab. Jurisdiction of schools and colleges in Eastern India retained to Calcutta University. By 1907, two colleges in Punjab, three in the Central Province, five in the State of Rajputana Agency, six in the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh and seven in Ceylon were disaffiliated. Series of disaffiliation continued till 1948. Schools and colleges in Orissa and Bihar province went under University of Patna after its establishment in 1917. University of Rangoon was established in 1920 and the Burma region went under it in 1921. In the same year, University of Dacca was established and some colleges in East Bengal went under it and whole control was cut with the partition of India in 1947. In 1948, All the schools and colleges in Assam left the university after the establishment of Gauhati University.

As of 2020, 151 colleges and 22 institutes and centres, in West Bengal are affiliated with the university. Some of the earliest affiliated colleges include:

Faculties and departments

The university has 60 departments organized into seven faculties: arts, commerce, social welfare and business management, education, journalism and library science, engineering and technology, fine arts, music and home science, law and science; and an agriculture institute with six departments.

To provide agricultural education and research, the Institute of Agricultural Science was established under the University of Calcutta. It was founded by Pabitra Kumar Sen, who was the Khaira Professor of Agriculture (another endowment chair) in the early 1950s. Initial efforts began as early as 1913, but the first institute was set up only in 1939 at Barrackpore (a city near Kolkata) by the university, following the establishment of Imperial Council of Agricultural Research (now known as Indian Council of Agricultural Research) in 1926. Although it was shut down in 1941 due to World War II. Then, in 1954, a postgraduate department in agriculture was started in Ballygunge Science College by the university, with agricultural botany as the only subject and two years later, Veterinary Science Institute of the university was included and the department was upgraded into a faculty called agriculture and veterinary science. In 2002 university decided to reopen undergraduate agriculture course in the agricultural experiment farm campus at Baruipur, a city in the south of Calcutta. In the same year, the department was restructured as a separate Institute of Agricultural Science.

The Faculty of Arts consists of 23 departments; commerce consists of three departments; education, journalism and library science consist of three departments; engineering and technology consist of eight departments; science has 22 departments and home science offers courses on subjects such as food and nutrition, human development, and home science. The Faculty of Law was established in January 1909 as the University College of Law. It was granted status as the university's department of law in February 1996. This campus is popularly known as Hazra Law College. The faculty has many luminaries associated with it, including Rajendra Prasad, Rashbehari Ghose, and Chittaranjan Das.

Admission

For undergraduate courses—Arts (BA), Commerce (B.Com.) and Science (BSc) streams (except engineering courses)—one can apply directly for multiple courses based on their Higher Secondary School Certificate examination or any equivalent exam results. Students are shortlisted according to their marks and the number of seats available. For some departments, entrance exams may take place at the sole discretion of the head of the department. Anyone can apply within five years of passing the Higher Secondary Examination. For engineering courses, admission is based on the West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination (WBJEE) rankings. While, for postgraduate courses and doctoral degree courses, one has to take an entrance exam/written test given by the university or any national level exam related to the subject, held by the UGC. A merit list is prepared on the basis of the results of the exams.

Research

Notable scientists from the University of Calcutta. Seated (L to R):Meghnad Saha, Jagadish Chandra Bose, Jnan Chandra Ghosh. Standing (L to R): Snehamoy Dutt, Satyendranath Bose, Debendra Mohan Bose, NR Sen, Jnanendra Nath Mukherjee, N C Nag

Undergraduates may enroll for a three- or four-year program in engineering. Students choose a major when they enter the university, and cannot change it unless they opt later for the university's professional or self-financed postgraduate programs. Science and business disciplines are in high demand, largely in anticipation of better employment prospects. Most programs are organized on an annual basis, though some programs are semester dependent. Most departments offer master's programs of a year or a few years' duration. Research is conducted in specialized institutes as well as individual departments, many of which have doctoral programs.

The University of Calcutta has the largest research center, which started from the 100th Science Congress of India in January 2013. This is the Center for Research in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (CRNN) on the Technology Campus of CU at Salt Lake, West Bengal. The university has 18 research centres, 710 teachers, 3000 non-teaching staff and 11,000 postgraduate students.

University Central Library viewed from College Square

Libraries

The central library at the Asutosh Siksha Prangan was started around the 1870s. Apart from 39 departmental libraries, it has a central library, two campus libraries, and two libraries at the advanced centers spread across the seven campuses. Students of affiliated colleges can also access the central library. The university library has over one million books and more than 200,000 bound journals, proceedings, manuscripts, patents and other valuable collections.

Publishing

The university has its own publishing house called University Press and Publications along with a book depot, which was established in the 20th century. It publishes textbooks, treatises, journals and confidential papers for all the examinations conducted by the university. It also publishes the journal The Calcutta Review, which is one of the oldest Asian university journals. The Calcutta Review was established by Sir John Kaye in May 1844. It has been issued biannually since 1913.

Rankings

University and college rankings
General – international
ARWU (2021)501-600
QS (World) (2021)800-1000
QS (Asia) (2021)154
QS (BRICS) (2019)68
Times (World) (2022)1200+
General – India
NIRF (Overall) (2021)11
NIRF (Universities) (2021)4
The Week (Universities) (2019)9
Outlook India (Universities) (2020)6

Internationally, the University of Calcutta was ranked 801–1000 in the QS World University Rankings of 2021. The same rankings ranked it 154 in Asia and 68 among BRICS nations.

In India, the University of Calcutta was ranked 11th overall by the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) in 2021 and 4th among universities. In 2019 NIRF rankings, it ranked among the top five universities in India.

Accreditation and recognition

In 2001, the University of Calcutta was awarded "Five-Star" status in the first cycle of the university's accreditation by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC). In 2009 and 2017, NAAC awarded its highest grade of 'A' to the University of Calcutta in the second and third cycle of the university's accreditation. The UGC recognized the University of Calcutta as a "University with Potential for Excellence", on 8 December 2005. It was also awarded the status of "Centre with Potential for Excellence in Particular Area" in Electro-Physiological and Neuro-imaging studies including mathematical modeling.

The Manuscript Library at the university has also been designated as a "Manuscript Conservation Centre" under the National Mission for Manuscripts, which was established in 2003. The university has the highest number of students who have cleared the doctoral entrance eligibility exam, known as National Eligibility Test, in Natural Science and Arts to become eligible to pursue research with a full scholarship awarded by the Government of India.[better source needed] The university is a member of the United Nations Academic Impact initiative.

The university has a ground and tent in Maidan, where different types of sports are being played. Inter-college tournaments in sports like football, archery, basketball, and hockey are also organised. The university rowing club started in the year 1983 at Rabindra Sarobar. The students' union, known as Calcutta University Students' Union organises social and cultural activities occasionally, which includes blood donation camps, environmental awareness programmes, relief fund collection, teachers day celebration, Saraswati puja, etc.

Most of the affiliated undergraduate colleges located in the city have their own student hostels. The university has 17 hostels, of which eight (two for undergraduates and six for post graduates) are for women. A total of 13 hostels are for paying guest students located across the city.

University song

In 1938, the then Vice-Chancellor Syama Prasad Mookerjee requested Rabindranath Tagore to compose a "university song" for the university. Rabindranath composed two songs instead of one— "Cholo Jai, Cholo Jai" and "Subho Karmapathe Dharo Nirvayo Gaan" (in English "Let's go, let's go" and "Take up fearless song on the path of good deeds" respectively). The first song "Cholo Jai, Cholo Jai" was adopted and the was sung by the students in a parade on the occasion of foundation day of the university on 24 January 1937. In the post centenary golden jubilee year of the university, the song "Subho Karmapathe Dharo Nirvayo Gaan" was adopted as the new university song.

The university has produced many scientists, engineers, world leaders and Nobel laureates and teachers. As the oldest university of Bengal and India, it attracted students from diverse walks of life. Nobel laureates who either studied or worked there include: Rabindranath Tagore, Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, Ronald Ross, Amartya Sen and Abhijit Banerjee. The Academy Award winning director Satyajit Ray was an alumnus of the university as was the composer of the national song of India, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay. Some of the industrialists who studied at the university include: Sir Rajen Mookerjee, Rama Prasad Goenka, Lakshmi Mittal, Vinay Maloo and Aditya Birla. Notable scientists, medical doctors and mathematicians associated with the university include: Jagadish Chandra Bose, Prafulla Chandra Ray, Meghnad Saha, Anil Kumar Gain, Satyendra Nath Bose, Subir Kumar Ghosh, Ashoke Sen, Sanghamitra Bandyopadhyay, C. R. Rao, Asima Chatterjee, Tarak Nath Podder and Ujjwal Maulik.

Fatima Jinnah, one of the leading founding members of Pakistan studied dentistry at the university. A nationalist leader and former president of the Indian National Congress, co-founder of the Indian National Army, and head of state of the Provisional Government of Free India, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose also spent some time at the university. Other presidents of the Indian National Congress include: Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee, Surendranath Banerjee, Anandamohan Bose, Romesh Chunder Dutt, Bhupendra Nath Bose and Madan Mohan Malaviya. Malaviya was also the founder of the Banaras Hindu University. Among the presidents of India associated with this university are: Rajendra Prasad (who studied there) and Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan (who taught there), and Pranab Mukherjee, who both studied and taught at affiliated colleges of the university. The former vice president of India, Mohammad Hamid Ansari studied there, as did a former deputy prime minister of India, Jagjivan Ram.

Rajendra Prasad—first president of India (1950–1962)
Pranab Mukherjee—former president of India (2012–2017)

Many governors of Indian states studied at the university including the first Indian governors of Bihar and Odisha, Lord Satyendra Prasanna Sinha, 1st Baron Sinha of Raipur, Chandeshwar Prasad Narayan Singh, governor of the Punjab and Uttar Pradesh, and Banwari Lal Joshi, the former governor of Delhi, Meghalaya, Uttar Pradesh and the current governor of Uttarakhand. The former ruler of the Indian princely state of Coochbehar, Maharaja Nripendra Narayan Bhupa Bahadur, as well as Patayet Sahib Maharajkumar Bhoopendra Narayan Singh Deo of Saraikela were also alumni of this university, as were colonial-era prime ministers Albion Rajkumar Banerjee of Kashmir and A.K. Fazlul Huq of undivided Bengal.

Among its former students are eight chief ministers of West Bengal: Prafulla Chandra Ghosh, Bidhan Chandra Ray, Prafulla Chandra Sen, Ajoy Mukherjee, Siddhartha Shankar Ray, Jyoti Basu, Buddhadeb Bhattacharya, and Mamata Banerjee; three chief ministers each of Assam: Gopinath Bordoloi, Bishnuram Medhi and Golap Borbora; and chief ministers of Bihar: Krishna Sinha, Binodanand Jha and Ram Sundar Das; two chief ministers of Meghalaya: B.B. Lyngdoh and S.C. Marak, and two chief ministers of Madhya Pradesh: Ravishankar Shukla, Kamal Nath. The chief ministers of Manipur, Rishang Keishing, Nagaland, S.C. Jamir and Sikkim B B Gurung were also students. Among the chief justices of the Supreme Court of India are: Bijan Kumar Mukherjea, Sudhi Ranjan Das, Amal Kumar Sarkar, Ajit Nath Ray, Sabyasachi Mukharji and Altamas Kabir. Others have also served as judges in the Supreme Court, and as chief justices and judges in state high courts.

Heads of state from other countries associated with the university include four presidents of Bangladesh, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Mohammad Mohammadullah, Abu Sadat Mohammad Sayem, Abdus Sattar, three prime ministers of Bangladesh, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Muhammad Mansur Ali, and Shah Azizur Rahman, three prime ministers of Pakistan, Mohammad Ali Bogra, Hussein Shaheed Suhrawardy, and Nurul Amin, the first premier of Burma under British rule, Ba Maw, the first president of Nepal, Ram Baran Yadav and the first democratically elected prime minister of Nepal, Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala, and his successor Tulsi Giri.

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Bibliography

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University of Calcutta Article Talk Language Watch Edit The University of Calcutta informally known as Calcutta University abbreviated as CU is a collegiate public state university located in Kolkata West Bengal India It was established on 24 January 1857 and is the first multidisciplinary and Western style institution in Asia Today the university s jurisdiction is limited to a few districts of West Bengal but at the time of establishment it had a catchment area ranging from Lahore to Myanmar Within India it is recognized as a Five Star University and accredited an A grade by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council NAAC The University of Calcutta was awarded the status of Centre with Potential for Excellence in Particular Area and University with potential for excellence by the University Grants Commission UGC University of CalcuttaSeal of the University of CalcuttaLatin Universitas CalcuttaeOther nameCalcutta UniversityMottoAdvancement of LearningTypePublicEstablished24 January 1857 165 years ago 24 January 1857 AccreditationNAACAcademic affiliationsUGCAIUACUAICTEBudget 337 crore US 44 million 2021 22 est 1 ChancellorGovernor of West BengalVice ChancellorSonali Chakravarti BanerjeeAcademic staff1 255 2022 2 Students19 119 2022 2 Undergraduates2 830 2022 2 Postgraduates12 779 2022 2 Doctoral students3 510 2022 2 LocationKolkata West Bengal India 22 34 35 N 88 21 43 E 22 57639 N 88 36194 E 22 57639 88 36194 Coordinates 22 34 35 N 88 21 43 E 22 57639 N 88 36194 E 22 57639 88 36194CampusUrbanAcronymCUWebsitewww wbr caluniv wbr ac wbr in The university has a total of fourteen campuses spread over the city of Kolkata and its suburbs As of 2020 151 colleges and 21 institutes and centres are affiliated with it The university was fourth in the Indian University Ranking 2021 list released by the National Institutional Ranking Framework of the Ministry of Education of the Government of India Its alumni and faculty include several heads of state and government social reformers prominent artists the only Indian Academy award winner and Dirac medal winner many Fellows of the Royal Society and five Nobel laureates the highest number in South Asia as of 2019 The five Nobel laureates associated with this university are Ronald Ross Rabindranath Tagore C V Raman Amartya Sen and Abhijit Vinayak Banerjee The university has the highest number of students who have cleared the National Eligibility Test The University of Calcutta is a member of the United Nations Academic Impact Contents 1 History 1 1 Pre independence 1 2 Post independence 2 Seal 3 Campuses 3 1 Asutosh Siksha Prangan 3 2 Rashbehari Siksha Prangan 3 3 Taraknath Palit Siksha Prangan 3 4 Sahid Khudiram Siksha Prangan 3 5 Technology Campus 4 Organisation and administration 4 1 Governance 4 2 Jurisdiction 4 3 Faculties and departments 5 Academics 5 1 Admission 5 2 Research 5 3 Libraries 5 4 Publishing 5 5 Rankings 5 6 Accreditation and recognition 6 Student life 6 1 University song 7 Notable alumni and faculties 8 See also 9 References 9 1 Citations 9 2 Bibliography 10 External linksHistory EditMain article History of the University of Calcutta Pre independence Edit Fredrick John the education secretary to the British Government in India first tendered a proposal to them in London for the establishment of a university in Calcutta along the lines of London University In July 1854 the Court of Directors of the East India Company sent a dispatch known as Wood s despatch to the Governor General of India in Council to establish universities in Calcutta Madras and Bombay 3 4 The University of Calcutta in the late nineteenth century by Francis Frith The Calcutta University Act came into force on 24 January 1857 and a 41 member Senate was formed as the policy making body of the university The land for the establishment of the university was given by Maharaja Maheshwar Singh Bahadur who was a Maharaja of Darbhanga When the university was first established it had a jurisdiction from Lahore to Rangoon and Ceylon the largest of any Indian university 5 Calcutta University was the first university east of Suez to teach European classics English literature European and Indian philosophy and Occidental and Oriental history 6 7 The first medical school in British India the Calcutta Medical College was affiliated with the university in 1857 8 The first college for women in India Bethune College is affiliated with the university 9 From 1836 to 1890 Government Science College Jabalpur the first Indian science college was affiliated with the University of Calcutta 10 The first university library began functioning in the 1870s Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay and Joddu Nath Bose became the first graduates of the university in 1858 and Kadambini Ganguly and Chandramukhi Basu were the first Indian female graduates in 1882 11 12 13 The first chancellor and vice chancellor of the Calcutta University were Governor General Lord Canning and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Sir William Colvile respectively Ashutosh Mukherjee was the vice chancellor for four consecutive two year terms 1906 1914 and a fifth two year term in 1921 23 3 14 15 Calcutta Medical College in 1910 Initially the university was only an affiliating and examining body All the academic and teaching work was done in constituent colleges which were the Presidency College now called Presidency University the Scottish Church College the Sanskrit College and the Bengal Engineering College now called Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology During that period the Council Room of the Calcutta Medical College and private residence of the vice chancellor used to house the Senate meetings The faculty councils generally met at the residences of the presidents of the faculties concerned in the Civil Engineering College or in the Writers Building Because of the lack of space university examinations were conducted in the Kolkata Town Hall and in tents in the Maidan urban park 16 In 1866 a grant of 81 600 equivalent to 32 million or US 420 000 in 2020 for the site and 170 561 equivalent to 66 million or US 870 000 in 2020 was sanctioned to construct the new building on College Street It opened in 1873 and was called Senate House It had meeting halls for the Senate a chamber for the vice chancellor the office of the registrar examination rooms and lecture halls In 1904 postgraduate teaching and research began at the university which led to an increase in the number of students and candidates After almost sixty years a second building known as the Darbhanga Building was erected in 1912 with a donation of 2 5 lakh equivalent to 6 6 crore or US 860 000 in 2020 from Maharaja Maheshwar Singh Bahadur 16 The Darbhanga Building housed the University Law College its library and some university offices and afforded space to hold university examinations on its top floor In the same year the Government of British India granted a sum of 8 lakh equivalent to 21 crore or US 2 8 million in 2020 for the acquisition of a market Madhab Babu s Bazar situated adjacent to the Senate House and construction of a new building for the teaching departments began It opened in 1926 and was later named the Asutosh Building after Asutosh Mukherjee vice chancellor of the university in 1906 14 Between 1912 and 1914 Taraknath Palit and Rash Behari Ghosh two eminent lawyers donated assets totalling 25 lakh equivalent to 57 crore or US 7 5 million in 2020 and founded the University College of Science at Upper Circular Road now known as Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road 16 Senate Hall of University of Calcutta early 1910s Post independence Edit Before the partition of India twenty seven colleges from East Bengal now Bangladesh were affiliated with the university The Government of West Bengal passed the Calcutta University Act of 1951 which substituted the earlier act of 1904 and ensured a democratic structure for the university The West Bengal Secondary Education Act was passed in the same year linking the university with the school leaving examination Gradually the requirements of the university grew and the Senate House was becoming incapable of handling them After the centenary of Calcutta University the building was demolished to make space for a more utilitarian building In 1957 the university s centenary year it received a grant of 1 crore equivalent to 85 crore or US 11 million in 2020 from the University Grants Commission which aided with the construction of the Centenary Building on the College Street campus and the Law College Building on Hazra Road campus The Economics Department got its own building in 1958 near Barrackpore Trunk Road In 1965 the Goenka Hospital Diagnostic Research Centre for the University College of Medicine was opened as the university health service Until 1960 Senate House was one of the city s most prominent landmarks 16 17 In 1968 the Centenary Building opened on the former location of the Senate House Currently it houses the Central Library the Asutosh Museum of Indian Art the centenary auditorium and a number of university offices By the mid 1970s it had become one of the largest universities in the world It had 13 colleges under its direct control and more than 150 affiliated colleges along with 16 postgraduate faculties 18 In the year 2001 the University of Calcutta was awarded the Five Star status in the first cycle of the university s accreditation by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council NAAC In 2009 and 2017 the NAAC awarded its highest grade of A to the University of Calcutta in the second and third cycle of the university s accreditation 19 20 In 2019 the university s central library and 40 departmental libraries were opened to the public They have over one million books and more than 200 000 journals proceedings and manuscripts 21 16 Seal EditThe seal has changed multiple times over the years The first seal dates back to 1857 Although it was changed when the Government of India Act 1858 was passed by the British parliament that brought the government and territories of the East India Company under British Crown Seal three four and five were introduced in 1930s The fourth seal faced criticism locally The current university seal is the modified version of the sixth seal The motto Advancement of Learning has remained the same through the seal s transitions 22 Evolution of sealsCampuses EditThe university has a total of 14 campuses spread over the city of Kolkata and its suburbs They are referred to as Sikhsa Prangan which means education premises Major campuses include the Central Campus Ashutosh Shiksha Prangan on College Street University College of Science Technology and Agriculture Rashbehari Shiksha Prangan or Rajabazar Science College or Science College in Rajabazar Taraknath Palit Shiksha Prangan in Ballygunge and Sahid Khudiram Siksha Prangan in Alipore Other campuses include the Hazra Road Campus the University Press and Book Depot the B T Road Campus the Viharilal College of Home Science Campus the University Health Service the Haringhata Campus the Dhakuria Lakes University Rowing Club and the University Ground and Tent at Maidan 23 24 25 Ashutosh Building at the College Street campus Rajabazar Campus Kolkata Sahid Khudiram Siksha Prangan or Alipore campus Hazra Campus Kolkata Technology Campus Salt Lake Asutosh Siksha Prangan Edit The main gate of Asutosh Siksha Prangan in College Street Asutosh Siksha Prangan commonly called the College Street Campus is the university s main campus where the administrative work is done Located on College Street it is spread over an area of 2 7 acres 1 1 ha It houses the Arts and Language department administrative offices museum the central library an auditorium etc 26 27 Exhibits like folk art of Bengal are present in the Asutosh Museum of Indian Art 28 Senate House was the first university building situated on this campus it opened in 1872 In 1960 it was demolished to make way for a larger building the Centenary Building which opened in 1968 The Darbhanga Building and the Asutosh Building are the two other buildings opened in 1921 and 1926 respectively 16 Rashbehari Siksha Prangan Edit Main article University College of Science Technology and Agriculture Rashbehari Siksha Prangan also known as University College of Science Technology and Agriculture or more commonly Rajabazar Science College is located on Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road in Rajabazar Established in 1914 29 houses several scientific and technological departments including pure and applied chemistry pure and applied physics radio physics applied mathematics psychology physiology biophysics and molecular biology and others 23 30 Taraknath Palit Siksha Prangan Edit Taraknath Palit Siksha Prangan also known as University College of Science or commonly Ballygunge Science College on Ballygunge Circular Road in the southern part of the city houses the departments of agriculture anthropology biochemistry microbiology botany geography genetics statistics zoology neuroscience marine science biotechnology and most notably geology among others 23 It also houses S N Pradhan Centre For Neurosciences and the Institute of Agricultural Science 31 Sahid Khudiram Siksha Prangan Edit Sahid Khudiram Siksha Prangan commonly known as Alipore Campus located at Alipore is the humanities campus of the university The departments of history ancient Indian history and culture Islamic history and culture South and Southeast Asian studies archaeology political science business management and museology are situated on this campus 32 Technology Campus Edit The Technology Campus also known as the Tech Camps is the newest on the university It brings together the three engineering and technical departments the Department of Computer Science and Engineering the A K C School of Information Technology and the Department of Applied Optics and Photonics in Sector 3 JD Block Salt Lake 29 33 34 Map of the University of Calcutta campusesOrganisation and administration EditGovernance Edit The university is governed by a board of administrative officers which include the vice chancellor pro vice chancellor for academic affairs pro vice chancellor for business affairs and finance the registrar the university librarian the inspector of colleges the system manager and 35 others They monitor the operation of the university and its affiliated colleges and the university s funding 35 In 2017 Sonali Chakravarti Banerjee became the 51st vice chancellor of the university 36 The university is funded by the University Grants Commission the Government of West Bengal other agencies for various research works and by the university s own initiatives like fees sales proceeds publications service charges generated from endowment funds etc 37 38 Jurisdiction Edit Main articles List of colleges affiliated to the University of Calcutta and List of centres affiliated to the University of Calcutta At one point of time the university had a huge catchment area in British India starting from Lahore in the west to Rangoon in east and Ceylon in the south Colleges like Thomason Engineering College now IIT Roorkee Muhammedan Anglo Oriental College now Aligarh Muslim University etc were affiliated to the university Schools situated in districts like Rawalpindi Lahore Jaypur Cawnpur Lucknow Mussoorie etc used to prepare and send students for the entrance examination of the university No provisions to curtail territorial control were made after establishment of University of Punjab and Allahabad in 1882 and 1887 respectively Although after the Indian Universities Act of 1904 came in for the first time the university s control got curtailed to Bengal which included Orissa and Bihar Assam and Burma provinces In the act provisions were made to limit territorial jurisdiction and it gave the Governor General in Council the power to limit territorial jurisdiction of the five universities Calcutta Bombay Madras the Punjab and Allahabad 39 Following the Government of British India notification on 20 August 1904 Ceylon went under the University of Madras provinces states and agencies of Central India such as the Central India Agency Rajputana Agency United Provinces of Agra and Oudh etc went to the hands of University of Allahabad Northern and North Western provinces and states went under the University of Punjab Jurisdiction of schools and colleges in Eastern India retained to Calcutta University By 1907 two colleges in Punjab three in the Central Province five in the State of Rajputana Agency six in the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh and seven in Ceylon were disaffiliated Series of disaffiliation continued till 1948 Schools and colleges in Orissa and Bihar province went under University of Patna after its establishment in 1917 University of Rangoon was established in 1920 and the Burma region went under it in 1921 In the same year University of Dacca was established and some colleges in East Bengal went under it and whole control was cut with the partition of India in 1947 In 1948 All the schools and colleges in Assam left the university after the establishment of Gauhati University 5 40 As of 2020 151 colleges and 22 institutes and centres in West Bengal are affiliated with the university 41 42 43 Some of the earliest affiliated colleges include 44 St Xavier s College Kolkata Asutosh College Lady Brabourne College Surendranath College Scottish Church College Bangabasi College Presidency College City College Bethune College Vidyasagar College Faculties and departments Edit The university has 60 departments organized into seven faculties arts commerce social welfare and business management education journalism and library science engineering and technology fine arts music and home science law and science and an agriculture institute with six departments 43 To provide agricultural education and research the Institute of Agricultural Science was established under the University of Calcutta It was founded by Pabitra Kumar Sen who was the Khaira Professor of Agriculture another endowment chair in the early 1950s Initial efforts began as early as 1913 but the first institute was set up only in 1939 at Barrackpore a city near Kolkata by the university following the establishment of Imperial Council of Agricultural Research now known as Indian Council of Agricultural Research in 1926 45 Although it was shut down in 1941 due to World War II Then in 1954 a postgraduate department in agriculture was started in Ballygunge Science College by the university with agricultural botany as the only subject and two years later Veterinary Science Institute of the university was included and the department was upgraded into a faculty called agriculture and veterinary science In 2002 university decided to reopen undergraduate agriculture course in the agricultural experiment farm campus at Baruipur a city in the south of Calcutta In the same year the department was restructured as a separate Institute of Agricultural Science 46 The Faculty of Arts consists of 23 departments commerce consists of three departments education journalism and library science consist of three departments engineering and technology consist of eight departments science has 22 departments and home science offers courses on subjects such as food and nutrition human development and home science 43 The Faculty of Law was established in January 1909 as the University College of Law It was granted status as the university s department of law in February 1996 This campus is popularly known as Hazra Law College The faculty has many luminaries associated with it including Rajendra Prasad Rashbehari Ghose and Chittaranjan Das 47 43 Academics EditAdmission Edit For undergraduate courses Arts BA Commerce B Com and Science BSc streams except engineering courses one can apply directly for multiple courses based on their Higher Secondary School Certificate examination or any equivalent exam results Students are shortlisted according to their marks and the number of seats available For some departments entrance exams may take place at the sole discretion of the head of the department Anyone can apply within five years of passing the Higher Secondary Examination 48 For engineering courses admission is based on the West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination WBJEE rankings 49 50 While for postgraduate courses and doctoral degree courses one has to take an entrance exam written test given by the university or any national level exam related to the subject held by the UGC A merit list is prepared on the basis of the results of the exams 51 52 53 Research Edit Notable scientists from the University of Calcutta Seated L to R Meghnad Saha Jagadish Chandra Bose Jnan Chandra Ghosh Standing L to R Snehamoy Dutt Satyendranath Bose Debendra Mohan Bose NR Sen Jnanendra Nath Mukherjee N C Nag Undergraduates may enroll for a three or four year program in engineering Students choose a major when they enter the university and cannot change it unless they opt later for the university s professional or self financed postgraduate programs Science and business disciplines are in high demand largely in anticipation of better employment prospects Most programs are organized on an annual basis though some programs are semester dependent Most departments offer master s programs of a year or a few years duration Research is conducted in specialized institutes as well as individual departments many of which have doctoral programs 43 The University of Calcutta has the largest research center which started from the 100th Science Congress of India in January 2013 This is the Center for Research in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology CRNN on the Technology Campus of CU at Salt Lake West Bengal 54 The university has 18 research centres 710 teachers 3000 non teaching staff and 11 000 postgraduate students 55 University Central Library viewed from College Square Libraries Edit The central library at the Asutosh Siksha Prangan was started around the 1870s 21 Apart from 39 departmental libraries it has a central library two campus libraries and two libraries at the advanced centers spread across the seven campuses Students of affiliated colleges can also access the central library The university library has over one million books and more than 200 000 bound journals proceedings manuscripts patents and other valuable collections 28 56 Publishing Edit See also The Calcutta Review The university has its own publishing house called University Press and Publications along with a book depot which was established in the 20th century It publishes textbooks treatises journals and confidential papers for all the examinations conducted by the university It also publishes the journal The Calcutta Review which is one of the oldest Asian university journals The Calcutta Review was established by Sir John Kaye in May 1844 It has been issued biannually since 1913 57 58 59 Rankings Edit University and college rankingsGeneral internationalARWU 2021 60 501 600QS World 2021 61 800 1000QS Asia 2021 62 154QS BRICS 2019 63 68Times World 2022 64 1200 General IndiaNIRF Overall 2021 65 11NIRF Universities 2021 66 4The Week Universities 2019 67 9Outlook India Universities 2020 68 6 Internationally the University of Calcutta was ranked 801 1000 in the QS World University Rankings of 2021 61 The same rankings ranked it 154 in Asia 62 and 68 among BRICS nations 63 In India the University of Calcutta was ranked 11th overall by the National Institutional Ranking Framework NIRF in 2021 65 and 4th among universities 66 In 2019 NIRF rankings it ranked among the top five universities in India 69 Accreditation and recognition Edit In 2001 the University of Calcutta was awarded Five Star status in the first cycle of the university s accreditation by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council NAAC 70 In 2009 and 2017 NAAC awarded its highest grade of A to the University of Calcutta in the second and third cycle of the university s accreditation 19 The UGC recognized the University of Calcutta as a University with Potential for Excellence on 8 December 2005 71 72 It was also awarded the status of Centre with Potential for Excellence in Particular Area in Electro Physiological and Neuro imaging studies including mathematical modeling 73 74 The Manuscript Library at the university has also been designated as a Manuscript Conservation Centre under the National Mission for Manuscripts which was established in 2003 75 76 The university has the highest number of students who have cleared the doctoral entrance eligibility exam known as National Eligibility Test in Natural Science and Arts to become eligible to pursue research with a full scholarship awarded by the Government of India 77 better source needed The university is a member of the United Nations Academic Impact initiative 78 Student life EditThe university has a ground and tent in Maidan where different types of sports are being played 79 Inter college tournaments in sports like football archery basketball and hockey are also organised 80 The university rowing club started in the year 1983 at Rabindra Sarobar 81 82 The students union known as Calcutta University Students Union organises social and cultural activities occasionally which includes blood donation camps environmental awareness programmes relief fund collection teachers day celebration Saraswati puja etc 83 84 Most of the affiliated undergraduate colleges located in the city have their own student hostels The university has 17 hostels of which eight two for undergraduates and six for post graduates are for women A total of 13 hostels are for paying guest students located across the city 85 University song Edit In 1938 the then Vice Chancellor Syama Prasad Mookerjee requested Rabindranath Tagore to compose a university song for the university Rabindranath composed two songs instead of one Cholo Jai Cholo Jai and Subho Karmapathe Dharo Nirvayo Gaan in English Let s go let s go and Take up fearless song on the path of good deeds respectively The first song Cholo Jai Cholo Jai was adopted and the was sung by the students in a parade on the occasion of foundation day of the university on 24 January 1937 In the post centenary golden jubilee year of the university the song Subho Karmapathe Dharo Nirvayo Gaan was adopted as the new university song 86 87 Notable alumni and faculties EditMain articles List of University of Calcutta people and List of vice chancellors of the University of Calcutta Rabindranath Tagore first Indian and Asian Nobel laureate Amartya Sen Nobel laureate in economics Abhijit Banerjee Nobel laureate in economics The university has produced many scientists engineers world leaders and Nobel laureates and teachers As the oldest university of Bengal and India it attracted students from diverse walks of life Nobel laureates who either studied or worked there include Rabindranath Tagore Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman Ronald Ross 88 Amartya Sen and Abhijit Banerjee 89 The Academy Award winning director Satyajit Ray was an alumnus of the university as was the composer of the national song of India Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay Some of the industrialists who studied at the university include Sir Rajen Mookerjee Rama Prasad Goenka Lakshmi Mittal Vinay Maloo and Aditya Birla Notable scientists medical doctors and mathematicians associated with the university include Jagadish Chandra Bose Prafulla Chandra Ray Meghnad Saha Anil Kumar Gain Satyendra Nath Bose Subir Kumar Ghosh Ashoke Sen Sanghamitra Bandyopadhyay C R Rao Asima Chatterjee Tarak Nath Podder and Ujjwal Maulik 90 91 92 Fatima Jinnah one of the leading founding members of Pakistan studied dentistry at the university A nationalist leader and former president of the Indian National Congress co founder of the Indian National Army and head of state of the Provisional Government of Free India Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose also spent some time at the university Other presidents of the Indian National Congress include Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee Surendranath Banerjee Anandamohan Bose Romesh Chunder Dutt Bhupendra Nath Bose and Madan Mohan Malaviya Malaviya was also the founder of the Banaras Hindu University Among the presidents of India associated with this university are Rajendra Prasad who studied there and Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan who taught there and Pranab Mukherjee who both studied and taught at affiliated colleges of the university The former vice president of India Mohammad Hamid Ansari studied there as did a former deputy prime minister of India Jagjivan Ram 90 Rajendra Prasad first president of India 1950 1962 Pranab Mukherjee former president of India 2012 2017 Mamata Banerjee Chief Minister of West Bengal India Many governors of Indian states studied at the university including the first Indian governors of Bihar and Odisha Lord Satyendra Prasanna Sinha 1st Baron Sinha of Raipur Chandeshwar Prasad Narayan Singh governor of the Punjab and Uttar Pradesh and Banwari Lal Joshi the former governor of Delhi Meghalaya Uttar Pradesh and the current governor of Uttarakhand The former ruler of the Indian princely state of Coochbehar Maharaja Nripendra Narayan Bhupa Bahadur as well as Patayet Sahib Maharajkumar Bhoopendra Narayan Singh Deo of Saraikela were also alumni of this university as were colonial era prime ministers Albion Rajkumar Banerjee of Kashmir and A K Fazlul Huq of undivided Bengal 90 Among its former students are eight chief ministers of West Bengal Prafulla Chandra Ghosh Bidhan Chandra Ray Prafulla Chandra Sen Ajoy Mukherjee Siddhartha Shankar Ray Jyoti Basu Buddhadeb Bhattacharya and Mamata Banerjee three chief ministers each of Assam Gopinath Bordoloi Bishnuram Medhi and Golap Borbora and chief ministers of Bihar Krishna Sinha Binodanand Jha and Ram Sundar Das two chief ministers of Meghalaya B B Lyngdoh and S C Marak and two chief ministers of Madhya Pradesh Ravishankar Shukla Kamal Nath The chief ministers of Manipur Rishang Keishing Nagaland S C Jamir and Sikkim B B Gurung were also students Among the chief justices of the Supreme Court of India are Bijan Kumar Mukherjea Sudhi Ranjan Das Amal Kumar Sarkar Ajit Nath Ray Sabyasachi Mukharji and Altamas Kabir Others have also served as judges in the Supreme Court and as chief justices and judges in state high courts 90 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman founding father of Bangladesh B P Koirala first democratically elected prime minister of Nepal Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy 5th Prime Minister of Pakistan Heads of state from other countries associated with the university include four presidents of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Mohammad Mohammadullah Abu Sadat Mohammad Sayem Abdus Sattar three prime ministers of Bangladesh Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Muhammad Mansur Ali and Shah Azizur Rahman three prime ministers of Pakistan Mohammad Ali Bogra Hussein Shaheed Suhrawardy and Nurul Amin the first premier of Burma under British rule Ba Maw the first president of Nepal Ram Baran Yadav and the first democratically elected prime minister of Nepal Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala and his successor Tulsi Giri 90 See also EditHonoris Causa of the University of Calcutta List of University of Calcutta people List of vice chancellors of the University of Calcutta Distance Education Council Education in India List of institutions of higher education in India List of universities in IndiaReferences EditCitations Edit Budget Publication No 23 PDF Government of West Bengal 2021 p 95 Archived PDF from the original on 27 June 2021 Retrieved 18 July 2021 a b c d e NIRF 2022 PDF Calcutta University a b University of Calcutta Banglapedia en banglapedia org Archived from the original on 29 June 2020 Retrieved 29 June 2020 Foundation University of Calcutta Archived from the original on 23 October 2020 Retrieved 29 June 2020 a b Jurisdiction University of Calcutta Archived from the original on 31 October 2020 Retrieved 30 August 2020 Notable Firsts University of Calcutta Archived from the original on 18 February 2019 Retrieved 23 September 2019 Journal and Seminar Committee University of Calcutta s Article Writing Competition Register by Aug 2 Libertatem Magazine 25 July 2020 Archived from the original on 22 October 2020 Retrieved 31 October 2020 Medical College Kolkata sketchdemo in Archived from the original on 18 February 2013 Retrieved 30 August 2020 The History of the Institution bethunecollege ac in Archived from the original on 13 October 2012 Retrieved 28 October 2020 About Us Government Science College Jabalpur MP sciencecollegejabalpur org Archived from the original on 26 April 2020 Retrieved 29 June 2020 About the university University of Calcutta 8 August 2011 Archived from the original on 8 August 2011 Retrieved 29 June 2020 University of Calcutta began its journey on this date India Today 24 January 2017 Archived from the original on 1 July 2020 Retrieved 29 June 2020 Notable Firsts University of Calcutta Archived from the original on 18 February 2019 Retrieved 29 June 2020 Genesis and Historical Overview of the University University and its Campuses University of Calcutta Archived from the original on 21 March 2007 Retrieved 22 March 2007 Genesis and Historical Overview of the University University of Calcutta 21 March 2007 Archived from the original on 21 March 2007 Retrieved 29 June 2020 a b c d e f Heritage Buildings University of Calcutta Archived from the original on 2 January 2021 Retrieved 30 June 2020 Legend of the Lost Story of Senate House Calcutta Noise Break 25 July 2016 Archived from the original on 10 August 2020 Retrieved 29 August 2020 University of Calcutta Kolkata India Encyclopedia Britannica Archived from the original on 9 May 2020 Retrieved 29 June 2020 a b CU makes the highest grade The Telegraph 6 January 2010 Archived from the original on 24 October 2012 Retrieved 10 August 2020 NAAC accredited Institutes permanent dead link naac gov in Retrieved 6 August 2012 a b Basu Somdatta 27 April 2019 Calcutta University to throw open its libraries to public The Times of India Archived from the original on 24 August 2019 Retrieved 24 August 2019 Seals of the University Changes over the Years University of Calcutta Archived from the original on 8 October 2019 Retrieved 15 October 2020 a b c University Campuses University of Calcutta Archived from the original on 9 August 2020 Retrieved 30 June 2020 University of Calcutta Kolkata Collegedunia Archived from the original on 30 September 2020 Retrieved 30 August 2020 Calcutta University Campus List wbpublibnet gov in Archived from the original on 26 October 2020 Retrieved 31 August 2020 Campus Area University and its Campuses University of Calcutta Archived from the original on 21 March 2007 Retrieved 11 April 2007 Asutosh Siksha Prangan University of Calcutta Archived from the original on 30 June 2020 Retrieved 30 June 2020 a b Kolkata Cultural life Encyclopedia Britannica Archived from the original on 13 August 2020 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Agricultural Science PDF University of Calcutta Archived PDF from the original on 24 March 2018 Retrieved 13 August 2020 Department of Law University of Calcutta Archived from the original on 30 June 2020 Retrieved 30 June 2020 Admission Notice for B Ed Course 2019 2021 PDF University of Calcutta Archived PDF from the original on 3 July 2020 Retrieved 1 July 2020 Provisional list of Institutes for admission to Undergraduate Courses wbjeeb nic in Archived from the original on 1 July 2020 Retrieved 1 July 2020 Branches Seats wbjeeb nic in Archived from the original on 1 July 2020 Retrieved 1 July 2020 General Admission Rules for M Tech Courses w e f 2019 2020 PDF caluniv ucsta net Archived PDF from the original on 1 July 2020 Retrieved 1 July 2020 Advertisement for Enrolment to Ph D Programme in Bengali Language amp Literature for the Session 2019 20 PDF University of Calcutta Archived PDF from the original on 1 July 2020 Retrieved 1 July 2020 Course Master in Business Administration MBA 2 year full time Post Graduate Course PDF University of Calcutta Archived PDF from the original on 1 July 2020 Retrieved 1 July 2020 About CRNN University of Calcutta Archived from the original on 14 October 2018 Retrieved 14 October 2018 CU information brochure for MSc BTech Archived 13 September 2017 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 25 November 2011 Calcutta University Library culibrary ac in Archived from the original on 27 October 2020 Retrieved 28 October 2020 University Press and Publications University of Calcutta Archived from the original on 11 May 2020 Retrieved 1 July 2020 University Campuses University of Calcutta Archived from the original on 2 July 2020 Retrieved 1 July 2020 The Calcutta Review University of Calcutta Archived from the original on 2 July 2020 Retrieved 1 July 2020 2021 Academic Ranking of World Universities Institute of Higher Education Shanghai Jiao Tong University 2021 Retrieved 3 September 2021 a b QS World University Rankings 2021 QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited 2020 Retrieved 10 June 2020 a b QS Asia University Rankings 2021 QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited 2020 a b QS BRICS University Rankings 2019 QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited 2018 World University Rankings 2022 Times Higher Education 2021 a b National Institutional Ranking Framework 2021 Overall National Institutional Ranking Framework Ministry of Education 9 September 2021 a b National Institutional Ranking Framework 2021 Universities National Institutional Ranking Framework Ministry of Education 9 September 2021 The Week India University Rankings 2019 The Week 18 May 2019 Retrieved 9 June 2020 Top 75 Universities In India In 2020 The Outlook 8 October 2020 Retrieved 8 October 2020 NIRF 2019 University of Calcutta 2019 Archived from the original on 2 January 2021 Retrieved 30 August 2020 Mita Mukherjee 15 October 2001 Five star status makes CU campus of choice www telegraphindia com Archived from the original on 18 October 2020 Retrieved 15 October 2020 CU gets Potential for Excellence tag of University Grants Commission Cities expressindia com 25 November 2010 Archived from the original on 21 November 2011 Retrieved 7 March 2011 University Grants commission Universities UPE www ugc ac in Archived from the original on 15 August 2018 Retrieved 12 August 2020 Calcutta University features at 3rd spot on India Today Universities Rankings 2012 18 May 2012 Archived from the original on 8 September 2017 Retrieved 10 August 2020 University Grants commission Centre with Potential for Excellence in Particular Area www ugc ac in Archived from the original on 15 August 2018 Retrieved 12 August 2020 National Mission for Manuscripts namami org Archived from the original on 6 May 2012 Retrieved 28 October 2020 CU makes the highest grade The Telegraph 14 August 2018 Archived from the original on 14 August 2018 Retrieved 30 June 2020 CSIR UGC National Eligibility Test PDF currentscience 25 August 2009 Archived PDF from the original on 7 June 2019 Retrieved 29 June 2020 UNAI member list PDF academicimpact un org September 2019 Archived PDF from the original on 2 January 2021 Retrieved 29 June 2020 University Ground University of Calcutta Archived from the original on 23 October 2020 Retrieved 30 August 2020 Sports University of Calcutta Archived from the original on 23 October 2020 Retrieved 30 August 2020 University Rowing Club University of Calcutta Archived from the original on 23 October 2020 Retrieved 30 August 2020 Niyogi Subhro 18 November 2017 Rowing clubs Are days numbered for water sports in Lake Kolkata News Times of India The Times of India Archived from the original on 18 November 2017 Retrieved 30 August 2020 Annual Quality Assurance Report AQAR PDF University of Calcutta Archived PDF from the original on 23 October 2020 Retrieved 30 August 2020 Calcutta University Student Union University of Calcutta Archived from the original on 16 October 2020 Retrieved 15 October 2020 University Halls and Hostels University of Calcutta Archived from the original on 30 September 2020 Retrieved 28 October 2020 Mukherjee Pandey Jhimli 21 December 2005 Tagore tunes found CU gets anthem The Times of India Archived from the original on 20 October 2020 Retrieved 15 October 2020 University Song University of Calcutta Archived from the original on 28 October 2020 Retrieved 1 September 2020 The Unsung Indian Behind Ronald Ross s Success PDF Science Reporter November 2015 Archived PDF from the original on 22 March 2020 Retrieved 11 November 2020 Nobel Laureates University of Calcutta Archived from the original on 31 October 2020 Retrieved 11 November 2020 a b c d e Distinguished Alumni University of Calcutta Archived from the original on 1 November 2020 Retrieved 30 June 2020 Bhatnagar Awardee First Women Director of Indian Statistical Institute The Times of India Archived from the original on 11 June 2021 Retrieved 11 June 2021 Bengali couples earned world fame in the field of Science Anandabazar Patrika 17 November 2020 p 03 Archived from the original on 17 November 2020 Retrieved 17 November 2020 Bibliography Edit Banerjee Pramatha Nath 1957 Hundred Years of the University of Calcutta Kolkata India University Press and Publications Bose P K 1973 Calcutta University Some Problems and Their Remedies Kolkata India University Press and Publications Chakraborty Rachana 1998 Higher Education in Bengal 1919 1947 A Study of Its Administration and Management India Minerva Associates ISBN 9788185195766 External links EditOfficial website Media related to University of Calcutta at Wikimedia Commons Works related to Portal University of Calcutta at Wikisource Portals India Education Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title University of Calcutta amp oldid 1091735302, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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