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This article is about the historical royal family. For the territorial state over which it ruled, see Uyunid Emirate.
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The Uyunid dynasty (Arabic:العيونيون, romanized: al-ʿUyūnīyūn) were an Arab dynasty that ruled Eastern Arabia for 163 years, from the 11th to the 13th centuries. Their sect is disputed; some sources mention they were Shia, others Sunni. They were the remnants of Banu Abdul Qays tribe and seized the country from the Qarmatians with the military assistance of Great Seljuq Empire in the year 1077–1078 AD. It then fell to the Usfurids of Banu Uqayl in 651 AH (1253 AD). The famous poet Ali bin al Mugrab Al Uyuni is a descendant of the Uyunids.

Uyunid Dynasty
Parent houseAbdul Qays
CountryUyunid Emirate
Founded1076
FounderAbdullah bin Ali Al Uyuni
Final rulerFadl III ibn Muhammad
TitlesEmir, Sheikh
Dissolution1253
Cadet branchesAl Ghardaqa[citation needed]

Contents

Main article: Uyunid Emirate

Rise

In 1077–1078, an Arab sheikh named Abdullah bin Ali Al Uyuni defeated the Qarmatians in Bahrain and al-Hasa with the help of the Seljuq Turks of Baghdad and founded the Uyunid dynasty.

Then Al-Fadhl, son of Abdullah, transferred his capital to Qatif, then to Awal (today’s state of Bahrain). In his reign, the state extended to Kuwait. Then in 513 H. the Capital went back to Qatif. In 531 AH Mohammed son of Al Fadhl I was assassinated, and his state was divided into two, one in al-Hasa and the other in Qatif.

Expansion

Under Muhammad b. Ahmad b. Abu'l-Hussin b. Abu Sinan, the Uyunids' territory stretched from Najd to the Syrian desert. Due to the influence of the Uyunid kingdom, Caliph al-Nasir li-Din Allah gave Muhammad b. Ahmad authority to protect the pilgrimage route to Mecca. Muhammad was later murdered by a family member, instigated by his cousin, Gharir b. Shukr b. Ali.[failed verification] In the years 587 – 605 AH, Mohammed bin Abi al-Hussain united Qatif and Al-Hasa. He restores the glory of the Uyunids, and extends the state to Najd central Arabia. The state was divided again after his assassination in 605 H.

The Uyunids were Muslim, however their sect is disputed; some sources mention they were Shia, others Sunni. According to Nakash, the populations of Bahrain, Hasa, and Qatif, may have accepted Twelver Shi'ism during this period. A study by Nayef al-Shera'an stated they were Shia based on their coins, which he said were exhibited at the British Museum. The study also mentions that no reliable sources support they were Sunni. On the other hand, Iraqi Sunni historian Safa Khulusi said they were Sunni, shortly before stating he had a "strong feeling" that poet Ali bin al Mugrab Al Uyuni was a Zaydi Shia.

  1. Khulusi, Safa (1975). Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies. London: Archaeopress. p. 92. JSTOR 41223173.(registration required)
  2. C.E. Bosworth, The New Islamic Dynasties, (Columbia University Press, 1996), 94-95.
  3. Commins, David (2012). The Gulf States: A Modern History. I.B. Tauris. p. 28. ISBN 978-1848852785.
  4. Hussain Mohammed Hussain (5 February 2009). مسجد الخميس "الثالث": وصفه والهدف من بنائه. Al-Wasat (Bahraini newspaper) (in Arabic). Retrieved21 January 2013.
  5. Yitzhak Nakash, Reaching for Power:The Shi'a in the Modern Arab World, (Princeton University Press, 2006), 22.
  6. Nayef al-Shera'an (15 March 2011). نقود الدولة العيونية في بلاد البحرين (in Arabic). Retrieved21 January 2013.

Uyunid dynasty Article Talk Language Watch Edit This article is about the historical royal family For the territorial state over which it ruled see Uyunid Emirate This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Uyunid dynasty news newspapers books scholar JSTOR December 2021 Learn how and when to remove this template message The Uyunid dynasty Arabic العيونيون romanized al ʿUyuniyun were an Arab dynasty that ruled Eastern Arabia for 163 years from the 11th to the 13th centuries 1 Their sect is disputed some sources mention they were Shia others Sunni They were the remnants of Banu Abdul Qays tribe and seized the country from the Qarmatians with the military assistance of Great Seljuq Empire in the year 1077 1078 AD 2 It then fell to the Usfurids of Banu Uqayl in 651 AH 1253 AD The famous poet Ali bin al Mugrab Al Uyuni is a descendant of the Uyunids Uyunid DynastyParent houseAbdul QaysCountryUyunid EmirateFounded1076FounderAbdullah bin Ali Al UyuniFinal rulerFadl III ibn MuhammadTitlesEmir SheikhDissolution1253Cadet branchesAl Ghardaqa citation needed Contents 1 History 1 1 Rise 1 2 Expansion 2 Religion 3 See also 4 ReferencesHistory EditMain article Uyunid Emirate Rise Edit In 1077 1078 an Arab sheikh named Abdullah bin Ali Al Uyuni defeated the Qarmatians in Bahrain and al Hasa with the help of the Seljuq Turks of Baghdad and founded the Uyunid dynasty 3 Then Al Fadhl son of Abdullah transferred his capital to Qatif then to Awal today s state of Bahrain In his reign the state extended to Kuwait Then in 513 H the Capital went back to Qatif In 531 AH Mohammed son of Al Fadhl I was assassinated and his state was divided into two one in al Hasa and the other in Qatif Expansion Edit Under Muhammad b Ahmad b Abu l Hussin b Abu Sinan the Uyunids territory stretched from Najd to the Syrian desert Due to the influence of the Uyunid kingdom Caliph al Nasir li Din Allah gave Muhammad b Ahmad authority to protect the pilgrimage route to Mecca Muhammad was later murdered by a family member instigated by his cousin Gharir b Shukr b Ali 1 failed verification In the years 587 605 AH Mohammed bin Abi al Hussain united Qatif and Al Hasa He restores the glory of the Uyunids and extends the state to Najd central Arabia The state was divided again after his assassination in 605 H Religion EditThe Uyunids were Muslim however their sect is disputed some sources mention they were Shia others Sunni 4 According to Nakash the populations of Bahrain Hasa and Qatif may have accepted Twelver Shi ism during this period 5 A study by Nayef al Shera an stated they were Shia based on their coins which he said were exhibited at the British Museum 4 6 The study also mentions that no reliable sources support they were Sunni 6 On the other hand Iraqi Sunni historian Safa Khulusi said they were Sunni shortly before stating he had a strong feeling that poet Ali bin al Mugrab Al Uyuni was a Zaydi Shia 1 See also EditAbdul Qays History of Bahrain History of Saudi Arabia List of Muslim empires and dynastiesReferences Edit a b c Khulusi Safa 1975 Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies London Archaeopress p 92 JSTOR 41223173 registration required C E Bosworth The New Islamic Dynasties Columbia University Press 1996 94 95 Commins David 2012 The Gulf States A Modern History I B Tauris p 28 ISBN 978 1848852785 a b Hussain Mohammed Hussain 5 February 2009 مسجد الخميس الثالث وصفه والهدف من بنائه Al Wasat Bahraini newspaper in Arabic Retrieved 21 January 2013 Yitzhak Nakash Reaching for Power The Shi a in the Modern Arab World Princeton University Press 2006 22 a b Nayef al Shera an 15 March 2011 نقود الدولة العيونية في بلاد البحرين in Arabic Retrieved 21 January 2013 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Uyunid dynasty amp oldid 1092109026, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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