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Ven (Danish: Hven, older Swedish spelling Hven) is a small Swedish island in the Øresund strait, between Scania and Zealand (Denmark). It is part of Landskrona Municipality, Scania County. The island has 371 inhabitants and an area of 7.5 km2 (2.9 sq mi). During the 1930s, the population was at its peak, with approximately 1,300 inhabitants. There are four villages on the island: Bäckviken, Tuna By, Norreborg and Kyrkbacken. The island is best known as the location of Tycho Brahe's 16th-century observatories.

Ven (Sweden)
Native name:
Hven
Ven seen from the east
Geography
LocationÖresund strait
Coordinates55°54′28″N12°41′48″E /55.90778°N 12.69667°E /55.90778; 12.69667
Area7.5 km2 (2.9 sq mi)
Administration
Sweden
Demographics
Population371
Map of Hven from the Blaeu Atlas of 1663, based on maps drawn by Tycho Brahe the previous century. Uraniborg is visible close to the centre.

Contents

Unlike the relatively flat islands Amager and Saltholm, Ven rises from the Öresund with steep and dramatic coastlines. This makes the island easily visible from both Zealand and Scania, as well as from all ships that sail in and out of the Baltic Sea. Its southern coastline resembles the White Cliffs of Dover, Møns Klint and Cape Arkona, but owing to a higher degree of sand and lower of chalk, the 50-metre-high (160-foot) cliffs are more yellow than white. Almost the entire island consists of a flat agricultural landscape, but elevated like a plateau. Owing to the slightly higher altitude, the climate on the island in general is similar to that of the lower terrain coastal areas around Øresund.

The island has three smaller fishing ports: Bäckviken (where small ferries depart to Landskrona), Norreborg and Kyrkbacken. The last is located on the south-western coast just beneath the old church Sankt Ibb. This coast is known as Backafall.

The island was historically under Danish rule. Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe (1546–1601) built two observatories there, Uraniborg and Stjerneborg, during 1576–1596. The observatories were built by the inhabitants of the island with Tycho Brahe as their Lord.

The Swedish took over control in 1658, as the rest of Scania was ceded to Sweden by the Treaty of Roskilde. The island was not specifically mentioned in the treaty, and according to the Danes it was not part of Scania, but part of Zealand and therefore still under Danish rule. The Swedes did not agree with that interpretation, and sent troops to occupy the island on 6 May 1658. The transfer to Sweden was confirmed in 1660 by the Treaty of Copenhagen. The 350th anniversary of this transfer was commemorated on the island in 2010.

Two churches are located on this island. The older one, St Ibb's Church, is located at the top of a hill in the churchyard close to the west coast of the island, overlooking the Danish town of Rungsted. It was built in the 13th century and is a popular church for weddings. The younger church, which has been converted into a museum, is located in the middle of the island, near Uraniborg, one of the two observatories built by the astronomer Tycho Brahe.

Ven has ferries to Landskrona, and, in the summer only, to Helsingborg and Copenhagen. The ferries dock at Bäckviken. The island is a popular tourist destination, especially in summer. It is sometimes called "The pearl of Öresund". As the earth is rich in till, it is good for agriculture. Durum wheat and grapes are grown there.

Backafall on Ven is named in Gabriel Jönsson's poem Vid vakten. He also wrote the song "Flicka från Backafall" ("Girl from Backafall").

The island is home to the St Ibb Golf Club, founded in 1972 by Gösta Carlsson, who also operated nearby Barsebäck G&CC. The nine-hole par-68 course hosted the St Ibb Open, a professional tournament on the Swedish Golf Tour 2000–2010.

  • The dramatic southern coast. The yellowish rather than white colour of the cliffs indicates more sand than chalk.

  • Backafall, the south-west coast of Ven

  • One of the fields of Ven

  • St Ibb's Church

  • The New Church of Ven, currently a museum

  1. Christianson, John Robert (2000).On Tycho's Island. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 052165081X.
  2. "Jubileum på Ven 2010" [Ven Commemorative Celebration 2010] (Press release). Landskrona Stad (town of Landskrona). 2010-04-09.
  3. "St Ibbs GK - En bortglömd pärla" (in Swedish). Svensk Golf #10/1986. p. 61. Retrieved8 March 2021.
  4. "2000 Telia Tour". Svensk Golf #5/2000. Retrieved8 March 2021.

Media related to Ven (Oresund) at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 55°54′21″N12°41′42″E /55.90583°N 12.69500°E /55.90583; 12.69500

Ven Sweden Article Talk Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Ven Sweden Ven Danish Hven older Swedish spelling Hven is a small Swedish island in the Oresund strait between Scania and Zealand Denmark It is part of Landskrona Municipality Scania County The island has 371 inhabitants and an area of 7 5 km2 2 9 sq mi During the 1930s the population was at its peak with approximately 1 300 inhabitants There are four villages on the island Backviken Tuna By Norreborg and Kyrkbacken The island is best known as the location of Tycho Brahe s 16th century observatories Ven Sweden Native name HvenVen seen from the eastGeographyLocationOresund straitCoordinates55 54 28 N 12 41 48 E 55 90778 N 12 69667 E 55 90778 12 69667Area7 5 km2 2 9 sq mi AdministrationSwedenDemographicsPopulation371Map of Hven from the Blaeu Atlas of 1663 based on maps drawn by Tycho Brahe the previous century Uraniborg is visible close to the centre Contents 1 Geography 2 History 3 Representation in culture 4 Golf course 5 Sights 6 See also 7 References 8 External linksGeography EditUnlike the relatively flat islands Amager and Saltholm Ven rises from the Oresund with steep and dramatic coastlines This makes the island easily visible from both Zealand and Scania as well as from all ships that sail in and out of the Baltic Sea Its southern coastline resembles the White Cliffs of Dover Mons Klint and Cape Arkona but owing to a higher degree of sand and lower of chalk the 50 metre high 160 foot cliffs are more yellow than white Almost the entire island consists of a flat agricultural landscape but elevated like a plateau Owing to the slightly higher altitude the climate on the island in general is similar to that of the lower terrain coastal areas around Oresund The island has three smaller fishing ports Backviken where small ferries depart to Landskrona Norreborg and Kyrkbacken The last is located on the south western coast just beneath the old church Sankt Ibb This coast is known as Backafall History EditThe island was historically under Danish rule Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe 1546 1601 built two observatories there Uraniborg and Stjerneborg during 1576 1596 The observatories were built by the inhabitants of the island with Tycho Brahe as their Lord 1 The Swedish took over control in 1658 as the rest of Scania was ceded to Sweden by the Treaty of Roskilde The island was not specifically mentioned in the treaty and according to the Danes it was not part of Scania but part of Zealand and therefore still under Danish rule The Swedes did not agree with that interpretation and sent troops to occupy the island on 6 May 1658 The transfer to Sweden was confirmed in 1660 by the Treaty of Copenhagen The 350th anniversary of this transfer was commemorated on the island in 2010 2 Two churches are located on this island The older one St Ibb s Church is located at the top of a hill in the churchyard close to the west coast of the island overlooking the Danish town of Rungsted It was built in the 13th century and is a popular church for weddings The younger church which has been converted into a museum is located in the middle of the island near Uraniborg one of the two observatories built by the astronomer Tycho Brahe Ven has ferries to Landskrona and in the summer only to Helsingborg and Copenhagen The ferries dock at Backviken The island is a popular tourist destination especially in summer It is sometimes called The pearl of Oresund As the earth is rich in till it is good for agriculture Durum wheat and grapes are grown there Representation in culture EditBackafall on Ven is named in Gabriel Jonsson s poem Vid vakten He also wrote the song Flicka fran Backafall Girl from Backafall Golf course EditThe island is home to the St Ibb Golf Club founded in 1972 by Gosta Carlsson who also operated nearby Barseback G amp CC 3 The nine hole par 68 course hosted the St Ibb Open a professional tournament on the Swedish Golf Tour 2000 2010 4 Sights Edit The dramatic southern coast The yellowish rather than white colour of the cliffs indicates more sand than chalk Backafall the south west coast of Ven One of the fields of Ven St Ibb s Church The New Church of Ven currently a museumSee also EditList of islands of SwedenReferences Edit Christianson John Robert 2000 On Tycho s Island Cambridge University Press ISBN 052165081X Jubileum pa Ven 2010 Ven Commemorative Celebration 2010 Press release Landskrona Stad town of Landskrona 2010 04 09 St Ibbs GK En bortglomd parla in Swedish Svensk Golf 10 1986 p 61 Retrieved 8 March 2021 2000 Telia Tour Svensk Golf 5 2000 Retrieved 8 March 2021 External links Edit Media related to Ven Oresund at Wikimedia Commons Coordinates 55 54 21 N 12 41 42 E 55 90583 N 12 69500 E 55 90583 12 69500 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Ven Sweden amp oldid 1062026232, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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