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Verve Records

Not to be confused with The Verve or The Verve Pipe.
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Verve Records is an American record label owned by Universal Music Group (UMG). Founded in 1956 by Norman Granz, the label is home to the world's largest jazz catalogue, which includes recordings by artists such as Ella Fitzgerald, Nina Simone, Stan Getz, Bill Evans, Billie Holiday, and Oscar Peterson, among others. It absorbed the catalogues of Granz's earlier labels, Clef Records, founded in 1946, Norgran Records, founded in 1953, and material previously licensed to Mercury Records.

Verve Records
Parent companyVerve Label Group
(Universal Music Group)
Founded1956; 65 years ago (1956)
FounderNorman Granz
Distributor(s)Verve Label Group
GenreAmerican contemporary; historically Jazz music
Country of originUnited States
LocationNew York City, New York
Official websitewww.vervelabelgroup.com

Verve also served as the original home of rock acts such as The Velvet Underground, Frank Zappa and the Mothers of Invention. The restructured Verve Records is now part of the Verve Label Group (VLG), a subsidiary of Universal Music Group. This company is also home to historic imprints including Verve Forecast, Impulse! and Decca Records.

Contents

Norman Granz created Verve to produce new recordings by Ella Fitzgerald, whom he managed; the first album the label released was Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Cole Porter Song Book. The catalog grew throughout the 1950s and 1960s to include Charlie Parker, Bill Evans, Stan Getz, Billie Holiday, Oscar Peterson, Ben Webster, and Lester Young.

By 1960, Milton Rudin, Granz attorney, represented Frank Sinatra and knew that Sinatra wanted his own label. Sinatra and Granz made a handshake deal, but negotiations broke down over price and Sinatra's desire that Granz remain head of the label. Granz sold Verve to MGM in 1960. Sinatra established Reprise Records and hired Mo Ostin, an executive at Verve, to run it. At Verve, Creed Taylor was made head producer. Taylor adopted a more commercial approach, terminating several contracts. He brought bossa nova to America with the release of Jazz Samba by Stan Getz and Charlie Byrd, Getz/Gilberto, and Rain Forest by Walter Wanderley. Verve's arrangers included Claus Ogerman and Oliver Nelson. According to Ogerman in Jazzletter, he arranged 60–70 albums for Verve from 1963–1967.

In 1964, Taylor supervised the creation of a folk music subsidiary named Verve Folkways, later renamed Verve Forecast. Taylor left Verve in 1967 to form CTI Records. Aside from jazz, Verve's catalogue included the Righteous Brothers, the Velvet Underground, Frank Zappa & the Mothers of Invention, Rare Earth, and the Blues Project, as well as a series of "Sound Impressions of an American on Tour" records, produced in cooperation with Esquire Magazine.

While the Velvet Underground's records did not sell well initially, they went on to become a major influence in independent rock music. Their debut album, The Velvet Underground & Nico, is hailed as one of the greatest records of all time[by whom?] while their second album, White Light/White Heat, has a major cult following for its bold, noisy sound and poetically provocative lyricism.

In the 1970s, Verve became part of PolyGram, incorporating the Mercury/EmArcy jazz catalog, which Philips, part owners of PolyGram, had earlier acquired. Verve Records became the Verve Music Group after PolyGram was merged with Seagram's Universal Music Group in 1999. The jazz holdings from the merged companies were folded into this sub-group.

In 1990, British group Talk Talk signed to Polydor after conflicts with their previous label EMI regarding a lack of commercial allure on their fourth album, Spirit of Eden. Their fifth and final album, Laughing Stock, was released through Verve on September 16, 1991 and, while being slightly divisive at the time, has since been reconsidered by critics and fans as their masterpiece and a precursor to the post-rock movement.

In the 1990s, as part of PolyGram Classics and Jazz, Verve signed Herbie Hancock, Wayne Shorter, Joe Henderson, Roy Hargrove, John Scofield, Shirley Horn, Betty Carter, Abbey Lincoln, Chris Botti, Jeff Lorber, Gino Vannelli, Art Porter, Will Downing, and Incognito.

When Universal and Polygram merged in 1998, Verve's holdings were merged with Universal's GRP Recording Company to become Verve Music Group. After forays into Americana and adult contemporary music, Verve was corporately aligned with Universal Music Enterprises (UMe) and was no longer a stand-alone label within UMG.

The Verve imprint itself manages much of the jazz catalog that once belonged to PolyGram (not including recordings by Herb Alpert for his A&M Records label which Alpert acquired in a legal settlement with Universal Music and are licensed to Shout! Factory), while the Impulse! Records imprint manages the portion of Universal's catalog that was acquired from ABC Records, which itself includes the jazz catalog of the Famous Music Group, which was once owned by Paramount Pictures/Gulf+Western, but which was sold to ABC in 1974. Meanwhile, GRP manages the rest of MCA/Universal's jazz catalog, including releases once issued on the Decca and Chess labels.

The Verve Label Group has expanded its output beyond jazz to include crossover classical music, progressive pop and show tunes (by absorbing Decca Records' Broadway label and thus taking over ownership of the label's library, including EMI's, MGM Records' and MCA Records' musical theater catalogs).

The Verve Label Group is the American contemporary, classic and jazz division of Universal Music Group in the US. Labels in the group include Verve and Impulse labels and Universal Music Classics. Verve labels are Verve Records and Verve Forecast. Universal Music Classics consists of Decca Gold label plus represents the European imprints: Decca, Decca Classics, Deutsche Grammophon, and Mercury KX plus ECM Records distributed label.

On May 20, 2016, the newly-formed Verve Label Group appointed industry veteran Danny Bennett as its president and CEO. Besides Verve, the label group was formed with Decca Records, Decca Classics, Deutsche Grammophon, Mercury Classics, and distributed label ECM. The group relocated to New York City.

The label group in March 2019 was further restructured to its global classical and jazz unit. Dickon Stainer, President and CEO of Universal Classics and Jazz, would lead the group with Bennett exiting his post. The Decca Broadway label for original cast recording was relaunched in May 2019.

  1. Havers, Richard (24 February 2016). "Verve Records is 60!". uDiscoverMusic. Retrieved10 January 2018.
  2. "Verve / Clef/ Norgran". LondonJazzCollector. 26 December 2011. Retrieved10 January 2018.
  3. Maxwell, Tom (November 2016). "The Story of 'Ella and Louis,' 60 Years Later". Longreads. Longreads.com. Retrieved21 November 2016.
  4. "The Work of Claus Ogerman". Bjbear71.com. Retrieved2013-02-28.
  5. Borgerson, Janet (2017). Designed for hi-fi living : the vinyl LP in midcentury America. Schroeder, Jonathan E., 1962-. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. pp. 269–284. ISBN 9780262036238. OCLC 958205262.
  6. [1] Archived May 1, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  7. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved2011-07-16.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. Duquette, Mike (2013-10-31). "Happy Halloween! "Wicked" Turns 10, Celebrates With Deluxe Reissue". Theseconddisc.com. Retrieved2017-07-21.
  9. "Our Labels & Brands - UMG". Universalmusic.com. Retrieved2017-07-21.
  10. Stassen, Murray (March 22, 2019). "Dickon Stainer takes over Verve Label Group in reshuffle as Danny Bennett exits UMG". Music Business Worldwide. RetrievedDecember 3, 2019.
  11. "Universal rolls up US classical labels into Verve Group in New York". Music Business Worldwide. 20 May 2016. RetrievedDecember 3, 2019.
  12. Schneider, Marc. "Verve Label Group's First Year Under Danny Bennett Marked By Flurry of Executive Moves". Billboard. Retrieved10 January 2018.
  13. Amorosi, A. D. (May 23, 2019). "Broadway Cast Albums Find Fresh Footing With Hip New Sounds, Viral Outreach". Variety. RetrievedDecember 3, 2019.

Verve Records
Verve Records Language Watch Edit Not to be confused with The Verve or The Verve Pipe This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Verve Records news newspapers books scholar JSTOR December 2017 Learn how and when to remove this template message Verve Records is an American record label owned by Universal Music Group UMG Founded in 1956 by Norman Granz the label is home to the world s largest jazz catalogue which includes recordings by artists such as Ella Fitzgerald Nina Simone Stan Getz Bill Evans Billie Holiday and Oscar Peterson among others 1 It absorbed the catalogues of Granz s earlier labels Clef Records founded in 1946 Norgran Records founded in 1953 and material previously licensed to Mercury Records 2 Verve RecordsParent companyVerve Label Group Universal Music Group Founded1956 65 years ago 1956 FounderNorman GranzDistributor s Verve Label GroupGenreAmerican contemporary historically Jazz musicCountry of originUnited StatesLocationNew York City New YorkOfficial websitewww wbr vervelabelgroup wbr com Verve also served as the original home of rock acts such as The Velvet Underground Frank Zappa and the Mothers of Invention The restructured Verve Records is now part of the Verve Label Group VLG a subsidiary of Universal Music Group This company is also home to historic imprints including Verve Forecast Impulse and Decca Records Contents 1 History 2 Verve Label Group 3 Discography 4 References 5 External linksHistory EditNorman Granz created Verve to produce new recordings by Ella Fitzgerald whom he managed the first album the label released was Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Cole Porter Song Book 3 The catalog grew throughout the 1950s and 1960s to include Charlie Parker Bill Evans Stan Getz Billie Holiday Oscar Peterson Ben Webster and Lester Young By 1960 Milton Rudin Granz attorney represented Frank Sinatra and knew that Sinatra wanted his own label Sinatra and Granz made a handshake deal but negotiations broke down over price and Sinatra s desire that Granz remain head of the label Granz sold Verve to MGM in 1960 Sinatra established Reprise Records and hired Mo Ostin an executive at Verve to run it At Verve Creed Taylor was made head producer Taylor adopted a more commercial approach terminating several contracts He brought bossa nova to America with the release of Jazz Samba by Stan Getz and Charlie Byrd Getz Gilberto and Rain Forest by Walter Wanderley Verve s arrangers included Claus Ogerman and Oliver Nelson According to Ogerman in Jazzletter he arranged 60 70 albums for Verve from 1963 1967 4 In 1964 Taylor supervised the creation of a folk music subsidiary named Verve Folkways later renamed Verve Forecast Taylor left Verve in 1967 to form CTI Records Aside from jazz Verve s catalogue included the Righteous Brothers the Velvet Underground Frank Zappa amp the Mothers of Invention Rare Earth and the Blues Project as well as a series of Sound Impressions of an American on Tour records produced in cooperation with Esquire Magazine 5 While the Velvet Underground s records did not sell well initially they went on to become a major influence in independent rock music Their debut album The Velvet Underground amp Nico is hailed as one of the greatest records of all time by whom while their second album White Light White Heat has a major cult following for its bold noisy sound and poetically provocative lyricism In the 1970s Verve became part of PolyGram incorporating the Mercury EmArcy jazz catalog which Philips part owners of PolyGram had earlier acquired Verve Records became the Verve Music Group after PolyGram was merged with Seagram s Universal Music Group in 1999 The jazz holdings from the merged companies were folded into this sub group 6 In 1990 British group Talk Talk signed to Polydor after conflicts with their previous label EMI regarding a lack of commercial allure on their fourth album Spirit of Eden Their fifth and final album Laughing Stock was released through Verve on September 16 1991 and while being slightly divisive at the time has since been reconsidered by critics and fans as their masterpiece and a precursor to the post rock movement In the 1990s as part of PolyGram Classics and Jazz Verve signed Herbie Hancock Wayne Shorter Joe Henderson Roy Hargrove John Scofield Shirley Horn Betty Carter Abbey Lincoln Chris Botti Jeff Lorber Gino Vannelli Art Porter Will Downing and Incognito When Universal and Polygram merged in 1998 Verve s holdings were merged with Universal s GRP Recording Company to become Verve Music Group After forays into Americana and adult contemporary music Verve was corporately aligned with Universal Music Enterprises UMe and was no longer a stand alone label within UMG The Verve imprint itself manages much of the jazz catalog that once belonged to PolyGram not including recordings by Herb Alpert for his A amp M Records label which Alpert acquired in a legal settlement with Universal Music and are licensed to Shout Factory 7 while the Impulse Records imprint manages the portion of Universal s catalog that was acquired from ABC Records which itself includes the jazz catalog of the Famous Music Group which was once owned by Paramount Pictures Gulf Western but which was sold to ABC in 1974 Meanwhile GRP manages the rest of MCA Universal s jazz catalog including releases once issued on the Decca and Chess labels The Verve Label Group has expanded its output beyond jazz to include crossover classical music progressive pop and show tunes by absorbing Decca Records Broadway label and thus taking over ownership of the label s library including EMI s MGM Records and MCA Records musical theater catalogs 8 9 Verve Label Group EditThe Verve Label Group is the American contemporary classic and jazz division of Universal Music Group in the US Labels in the group include Verve and Impulse labels and Universal Music Classics Verve labels are Verve Records and Verve Forecast Universal Music Classics consists of Decca Gold label plus represents the European imprints Decca Decca Classics Deutsche Grammophon and Mercury KX plus ECM Records distributed label 10 On May 20 2016 the newly formed Verve Label Group appointed industry veteran Danny Bennett as its president and CEO Besides Verve the label group was formed with Decca Records Decca Classics Deutsche Grammophon Mercury Classics and distributed label ECM The group relocated to New York City 11 12 The label group in March 2019 was further restructured to its global classical and jazz unit Dickon Stainer President and CEO of Universal Classics and Jazz would lead the group with Bennett exiting his post 10 The Decca Broadway label for original cast recording was relaunched in May 2019 13 Discography EditMain article Verve Records discographyReferences Edit Havers Richard 24 February 2016 Verve Records is 60 uDiscoverMusic Retrieved 10 January 2018 Verve Clef Norgran LondonJazzCollector 26 December 2011 Retrieved 10 January 2018 Maxwell Tom November 2016 The Story of Ella and Louis 60 Years Later Longreads Longreads com Retrieved 21 November 2016 The Work of Claus Ogerman Bjbear71 com Retrieved 2013 02 28 Borgerson Janet 2017 Designed for hi fi living the vinyl LP in midcentury America Schroeder Jonathan E 1962 Cambridge Massachusetts MIT Press pp 269 284 ISBN 9780262036238 OCLC 958205262 1 Archived May 1 2009 at the Wayback Machine Archived copy Archived from the original on 2011 07 16 Retrieved 2011 07 16 CS1 maint archived copy as title link Duquette Mike 2013 10 31 Happy Halloween Wicked Turns 10 Celebrates With Deluxe Reissue Theseconddisc com Retrieved 2017 07 21 Our Labels amp Brands UMG Universalmusic com Retrieved 2017 07 21 a b Stassen Murray March 22 2019 Dickon Stainer takes over Verve Label Group in reshuffle as Danny Bennett exits UMG Music Business Worldwide Retrieved December 3 2019 Universal rolls up US classical labels into Verve Group in New York Music Business Worldwide 20 May 2016 Retrieved December 3 2019 Schneider Marc Verve Label Group s First Year Under Danny Bennett Marked By Flurry of Executive Moves Billboard Retrieved 10 January 2018 Amorosi A D May 23 2019 Broadway Cast Albums Find Fresh Footing With Hip New Sounds Viral Outreach Variety Retrieved December 3 2019 External links EditOfficial site Article about Creed Taylor Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Verve Records amp oldid 1053554517, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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