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Vibia Aurelia Sabina

Vibia Aurelia Sabina (170 AD – before 217 AD) was the youngest daughter and child born to Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius and Roman Empress Faustina the Younger. She was a sister to Roman Empress Lucilla and Roman Emperor Commodus. Her maternal grandparents were Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius and Roman Empress Faustina the Elder and her paternal grandparents were Domitia Lucilla and praetor Marcus Annius Verus.

Vibia Aurelia Sabina
Bust of Vibia Sabina. Vibia Aurelia Sabina was named in honor of Hadrian's wife, Vibia Sabina.
Born170
Sirmium, Pannonia
Diedbefore 217
SpouseAntistius Burrus,
Lucius Aurelius Agaclytus
DynastyNerva–Antonine
FatherMarcus Aurelius
MotherFaustina the Younger

Contents

Aurelia Sabina could have been born in Sirmium, Pannonia. In the year of her birth, her parents were preparing war expeditions at Sirmium. Aurelia Sabina was named in honor of the late Roman Empress Vibia Sabina, who was the wife of the Roman Emperor Hadrian and her late father the distinguished suffect consul Lucius Vibius Sabinus. Vibia Sabina was a relative of Aurelia Sabina's parents, as a great aunt to Aurelia Sabina's parents, as half maternal sister to Rupilia Faustina. Rupilia Faustina was the paternal grandmother of Marcus Aurelius and the maternal grandmother of Faustina the Younger.

Throughout her childhood, Aurelia Sabina had travelled extensively with her parents throughout the Roman Empire. Sometime before her father died in 180 AD, Aurelia Sabina was betrothed to the African Roman Senator Lucius Antistius Burrus who came from Thibilis, a town near Hippo Regius in the Africa Province, whom she later married.

When her parents died, her older brother Commodus succeeded her father as Roman Emperor in 180 AD. After Aurelia Sabina married Antistius Burrus in Rome, they returned and settled in Thibilis. In 181 AD, her husband served as an ordinary consul there. In 188 AD, Antistius Burrus was involved in a conspiracy against Commodus.

He was one of various Roman Senators in this conspiracy. When this conspiracy was uncovered, Antistius Burrus was put to death.

Prominent Italian resident in Roman Africa

Aurelia Sabina was not involved in the conspiracy and survived her brother's persecutions, remaining to live in Roman Africa.

After her first husband had died, Aurelia Sabina married Lucius Aurelius Agaclytus, a Romano-Greek Freedman who was of Equestrian rank. Aurelia Sabina spent her remaining years in Thibilis. It appears from her marriages that she had no children.

Due to her status; the status of her family and her connections, Aurelia Sabina became a prominent Italian resident in North Africa. According to surviving inscriptions found in Thibilis, Aurelia Sabina became an important "patrona" in Thibilis and the citizens of Thibilis made Aurelia Sabina an honorary citizen. The nearby Romano-Berber city of Calama was promoted to Roman colonia, while sponsored by Vibia Aurelia Sabina and the city honoured her as their "patrona".

Nerva–Antonine family tree
Q. Marcius Barea SoranusQ. Marcius Barea SuraAntonia FurnillaM. Cocceius NervaSergia PlautillaP. Aelius Hadrianus
Titus
(r. 79–81)
Marcia FurnillaMarciaTrajanus PaterNerva
(r. 96–98)
UlpiaAelius Hadrianus Marullinus
FlaviaMarcianaC. Salonius MatidiusTrajan
(r. 98–117)
PlotinaP. Acilius AttianusP. Aelius AferPaulina Major
Lucius Mindius
(2)
Libo Rupilius Frugi
(3)
MatidiaL. Vibius Sabinus
(1)
Paulina MinorL. Julius Ursus Servianus
Matidia MinorSuetonius?SabinaHadrian (r. 117–138)Antinous
Julia Balbilla?C. Fuscus Salinator IJulia Serviana Paulina
M. Annius VerusRupilia FaustinaBoionia ProcillaCn. Arrius Antoninus
L. Ceionius CommodusAppia SeveraC. Fuscus Salinator II
L. Caesennius PaetusArria AntoninaArria FadillaT. Aurelius Fulvus
L. Caesennius AntoninusL. CommodusPlautiaignotaC. Avidius Nigrinus
M. Annius VerusDomitia CalvillaFundaniaM. Annius LiboFAUSTINAAntoninus Pius
(r. 138–161)
L. Aelius CaesarAvidia
CornificiaMARCUS AURELIUS
(r. 161–180)
FAUSTINA MinorC. Avidius CassiusAurelia FadillaLUCIUS VERUS
(r. 161–169)
(1)
Ceionia FabiaPlautius QuintillusQ. Servilius PudensCeionia Plautia
Cornificia MinorM. Petronius SuraCOMMODUS
(r. 177–192)
FadillaM. Annius Verus CaesarTi. Claudius Pompeianus
(2)
LucillaM. Plautius QuintillusJunius Licinius BalbusServilia Ceionia
Petronius AntoninusL. Aurelius Agaclytus
(2)
Aurelia SabinaL. Antistius Burrus
(1)
Plautius QuintillusPlautia ServillaC. Furius Sabinus TimesitheusAntonia GordianaJunius Licinius Balbus?
Furia Sabina TranquillinaGORDIAN III
(r. 238–244)
  • (1) = 1st spouse
  • (2) = 2nd spouse
  • (3) = 3rd spouse
  • Reddish purple indicates emperor of the Nerva-Antonine dynasty

    lighter purple indicates designated imperial heir of said dynasty who never reigned

    grey indicates unsuccessful imperial aspirants

    bluish purple indicates emperors of other dynasties
  • dashed lines indicate adoption; dotted lines indicate love affairs/unmarried relationships
  • small caps = posthumously deified (Augusti, Augustae, or other)
Notes:

Except where otherwise noted, the notes below indicate that an individual's parentage is as shown in the above family tree.

  1. Sister of Trajan's father: Giacosa (1977), p. 7.
  2. Giacosa (1977), p. 8.
  3. Levick (2014), p. 161.
  4. Husband of Ulpia Marciana: Levick (2014), p. 161.
  5. Giacosa (1977), p. 7.
  6. DIR contributor (Herbert W. Benario, 2000), "Hadrian".
  7. Giacosa (1977), p. 9.
  8. Husband of Salonia Matidia: Levick (2014), p. 161.
  9. Smith (1870), "Julius Servianus".
  10. Suetonius a possible lover of Sabina: One interpretation of HA Hadrianus 11:3
  11. Smith (1870), "Hadrian", pp. 319–322.
  12. Lover of Hadrian: Lambert (1984), p. 99 and passim; deification: Lamber (1984), pp. 2–5, etc.
  13. Julia Balbilla a possible lover of Sabina: A. R. Birley (1997), Hadrian, the Restless Emperor, p. 251, cited in Levick (2014), p. 30, who is sceptical of this suggestion.
  14. Husband of Rupilia Faustina: Levick (2014), p. 163.
  15. Levick (2014), p. 163.
  16. Levick (2014), p. 162.
  17. Levick (2014), p. 164.
  18. Wife of M. Annius Verus: Giacosa (1977), p. 10.
  19. Wife of M. Annius Libo: Levick (2014), p. 163.
  20. Giacosa (1977), p. 10.
  21. The epitomator of Cassius Dio (72.22) gives the story that Faustina the Elder promised to marry Avidius Cassius. This is also echoed in HA "Marcus Aurelius" 24.
  22. Husband of Ceionia Fabia: Levick (2014), p. 164.
  23. Levick (2014), p. 117.
References:
  1. Septimius conspiracy
  2. "Guelma-Calama" Encyclopædia Britannica
  3. J. Nichols, "Patrona duitatis :Gender and Civic Patronage" in Studies in Latin Literature and Roman History V (1989) [1]
  • From Tiberius to the Antonines: a history of the Roman Empire AD 14-192, by Albino Garzetti, 1974
  • The Roman Government of Britain, by Anthony R. Birley, Oxford University Press, 2005
  • Marcus Aurelius, by Anthony Richard Birley, Routledge, 2000

Vibia Aurelia Sabina
Vibia Aurelia Sabina Language Watch Edit Vibia Aurelia Sabina 170 AD before 217 AD was the youngest daughter and child born to Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius and Roman Empress Faustina the Younger She was a sister to Roman Empress Lucilla and Roman Emperor Commodus Her maternal grandparents were Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius and Roman Empress Faustina the Elder and her paternal grandparents were Domitia Lucilla and praetor Marcus Annius Verus Vibia Aurelia SabinaBust of Vibia Sabina Vibia Aurelia Sabina was named in honor of Hadrian s wife Vibia Sabina Born170 Sirmium PannoniaDiedbefore 217SpouseAntistius Burrus Lucius Aurelius AgaclytusDynastyNerva AntonineFatherMarcus AureliusMotherFaustina the Younger Contents 1 Life 1 1 Prominent Italian resident in Roman Africa 2 Nerva Antonine family tree 3 References 4 SourcesLife EditAurelia Sabina could have been born in Sirmium Pannonia In the year of her birth her parents were preparing war expeditions at Sirmium Aurelia Sabina was named in honor of the late Roman Empress Vibia Sabina who was the wife of the Roman Emperor Hadrian and her late father the distinguished suffect consul Lucius Vibius Sabinus Vibia Sabina was a relative of Aurelia Sabina s parents as a great aunt to Aurelia Sabina s parents as half maternal sister to Rupilia Faustina Rupilia Faustina was the paternal grandmother of Marcus Aurelius and the maternal grandmother of Faustina the Younger Throughout her childhood Aurelia Sabina had travelled extensively with her parents throughout the Roman Empire Sometime before her father died in 180 AD Aurelia Sabina was betrothed to the African Roman Senator Lucius Antistius Burrus who came from Thibilis a town near Hippo Regius in the Africa Province whom she later married When her parents died her older brother Commodus succeeded her father as Roman Emperor in 180 AD After Aurelia Sabina married Antistius Burrus in Rome they returned and settled in Thibilis In 181 AD her husband served as an ordinary consul there In 188 AD Antistius Burrus was involved in a conspiracy against Commodus He was one of various Roman Senators in this conspiracy 1 When this conspiracy was uncovered Antistius Burrus was put to death Prominent Italian resident in Roman Africa Edit Aurelia Sabina was not involved in the conspiracy and survived her brother s persecutions remaining to live in Roman Africa After her first husband had died Aurelia Sabina married Lucius Aurelius Agaclytus a Romano Greek Freedman who was of Equestrian rank Aurelia Sabina spent her remaining years in Thibilis It appears from her marriages that she had no children Due to her status the status of her family and her connections Aurelia Sabina became a prominent Italian resident in North Africa According to surviving inscriptions found in Thibilis Aurelia Sabina became an important patrona in Thibilis and the citizens of Thibilis made Aurelia Sabina an honorary citizen The nearby Romano Berber city of Calama 2 was promoted to Roman colonia while sponsored by Vibia Aurelia Sabina and the city honoured her as their patrona 3 Nerva Antonine family tree EditvteNerva Antonine family treeQ Marcius Barea SoranusQ Marcius Barea SuraAntonia FurnillaM Cocceius NervaSergia PlautillaP Aelius HadrianusTitus r 79 81 Marcia FurnillaMarciaTrajanus PaterNerva r 96 98 Ulpia i Aelius Hadrianus MarullinusFlavia ii Marciana iii C Salonius Matidius iv Trajan r 98 117 PlotinaP Acilius AttianusP Aelius Afer v Paulina Major vi Lucius Mindius 2 Libo Rupilius Frugi 3 Matidia vii L Vibius Sabinus 1 viii Paulina Minor vi L Julius Ursus Servianus ix Matidia Minor vii Suetonius x Sabina iii Hadrian v xi vi r 117 138 Antinous xii Julia Balbilla xiii C Fuscus Salinator IJulia Serviana PaulinaM Annius Verus xiv Rupilia Faustina xv Boionia ProcillaCn Arrius AntoninusL Ceionius CommodusAppia SeveraC Fuscus Salinator IIL Caesennius PaetusArria AntoninaArria Fadilla xvi T Aurelius FulvusL Caesennius AntoninusL CommodusPlautiaignota xvii C Avidius NigrinusM Annius Verus xv Domitia Calvilla xviii Fundania xix M Annius Libo xv FAUSTINA xvi Antoninus Pius r 138 161 xvi L Aelius Caesar xvii Avidia xvii Cornificia xv MARCUS AURELIUS r 161 180 xx FAUSTINA Minor xx C Avidius Cassius xxi Aurelia Fadilla xvi LUCIUS VERUS r 161 169 xvii 1 Ceionia Fabia xvii Plautius Quintillus xxii Q Servilius PudensCeionia Plautia xvii Cornificia Minor xxiii M Petronius SuraCOMMODUS r 177 192 xx Fadilla xxiii M Annius Verus Caesar xx Ti Claudius Pompeianus 2 Lucilla xx M Plautius Quintillus xvii Junius Licinius BalbusServilia CeioniaPetronius AntoninusL Aurelius Agaclytus 2 Aurelia Sabina xxiii L Antistius Burrus 1 Plautius QuintillusPlautia ServillaC Furius Sabinus TimesitheusAntonia GordianaJunius Licinius Balbus Furia Sabina TranquillinaGORDIAN III r 238 244 1 1st spouse 2 2nd spouse 3 3rd spouse Reddish purple indicates emperor of the Nerva Antonine dynasty lighter purple indicates designated imperial heir of said dynasty who never reigned grey indicates unsuccessful imperial aspirants bluish purple indicates emperors of other dynasties dashed lines indicate adoption dotted lines indicate love affairs unmarried relationships small caps posthumously deified Augusti Augustae or other Notes Except where otherwise noted the notes below indicate that an individual s parentage is as shown in the above family tree Sister of Trajan s father Giacosa 1977 p 7 Giacosa 1977 p 8 a b Levick 2014 p 161 Husband of Ulpia Marciana Levick 2014 p 161 a b Giacosa 1977 p 7 a b c DIR contributor Herbert W Benario 2000 Hadrian a b Giacosa 1977 p 9 Husband of Salonia Matidia Levick 2014 p 161 Smith 1870 Julius Servianus Suetonius a possible lover of Sabina One interpretation of HA Hadrianus 11 3 Smith 1870 Hadrian pp 319 322 Lover of Hadrian Lambert 1984 p 99 and passim deification Lamber 1984 pp 2 5 etc Julia Balbilla a possible lover of Sabina A R Birley 1997 Hadrian the Restless Emperor p 251 cited in Levick 2014 p 30 who is sceptical of this suggestion Husband of Rupilia Faustina Levick 2014 p 163 a b c d Levick 2014 p 163 a b c d Levick 2014 p 162 a b c d e f g Levick 2014 p 164 Wife of M Annius Verus Giacosa 1977 p 10 Wife of M Annius Libo Levick 2014 p 163 a b c d e Giacosa 1977 p 10 The epitomator of Cassius Dio 72 22 gives the story that Faustina the Elder promised to marry Avidius Cassius This is also echoed in HA Marcus Aurelius 24 Husband of Ceionia Fabia Levick 2014 p 164 a b c Levick 2014 p 117 References DIR contributors 2000 De Imperatoribus Romanis An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and Their Families Retrieved 2015 04 14 Giacosa Giorgio 1977 Women of the Caesars Their Lives and Portraits on Coins Translated by R Ross Holloway Milan Edizioni Arte e Moneta ISBN 0 8390 0193 2 Lambert Royston 1984 Beloved and God The Story of Hadrian and Antinous New York Viking ISBN 0 670 15708 2 Levick Barbara 2014 Faustina I and II Imperial Women of the Golden Age Oxford University Press ISBN 978 0 19 537941 9 William Smith ed 1870 Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology References Edit Septimius conspiracy Guelma Calama Encyclopaedia Britannica J Nichols Patrona duitatis Gender and Civic Patronage in Studies in Latin Literature and Roman History V 1989 1 Sources EditFrom Tiberius to the Antonines a history of the Roman Empire AD 14 192 by Albino Garzetti 1974 The Roman Government of Britain by Anthony R Birley Oxford University Press 2005 Marcus Aurelius by Anthony Richard Birley Routledge 2000 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Vibia Aurelia Sabina amp oldid 1034959419, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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