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Vibo Valentia

Vibo Valentia (Italian: (); Monteleone before 1861; Monteleone di Calabria from 1861 to 1928; Calabrian: Vibbu Valenzia or Muntalaùni) is a city and comune (municipality) in the Calabria region of southern Italy, near the Tyrrhenian Sea. It is the capital of the province of Vibo Valentia, and is an agricultural, commercial and tourist center (the most famous places nearby are Tropea, Ricadi and Pizzo). There are also several large manufacturing industries, including the tuna district of Maierato. Very important for the local economy is Vibo Marina's harbour.

Vibo Valentia

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Vibo Valentia was originally the Greek colony of Hipponion (Greek:Ιππόνιον). It was founded, probably around the late 7th century BC, by inhabitants of Locri, a principal city of the Italian Magna Graecia, south of Vibo Valentia on the Ionian Sea. Diodorus Siculus reports that the city was taken in 388 BC by Dionysius the Elder tyrant of Syracuse, who deported all the population. The population came back in 378 BC, with the help of the Carthaginians. In the following years Hipponion came under the dominion of the Bruttii, who controlled most of Calabria. After the town fell to Rome, the name was Latinized to Hipponium. The town became a Roman colony in 194 BC with the name of Vibo Valentia. After a phase of prosperity during the late Republic and early Empire, the town was almost completely abandoned after the fall of the Western Roman Empire.

In 1070 the Normans built a castle at the site of the old Acropolis and in 1235 a new city was established by Frederick II, Holy Roman emperor and king of Sicily, with the name of Monteleone. The city got back the old Roman name of Vibo Valentia only in 1928.

A Diocese of Vibo Valentia was established in 451AD and suppressed in 1083AD when it was incorporated into the Diocese of Mileto. In 1968 it was restored as a titular see. The title has been assigned to:

  • Norman-Hohenstaufen Castle, located most likely on the site of Hipponion acropolis, and built around 1000. For its construction materials from the Greek temples nearby were used. It was damaged by an earthquake in 1783. Today the castle is home to a state museum.
  • Walls of Hipponion, including about 350 metres (1,150 ft) of remains and foundations of eight towers, each with an estimated height of 10 metres (33 ft).
  • Church of Santa Maria Maggiore e San Leoluca (Cathedral), built in the 9th century over the remains of a Byzantine basilica. It has an 18th-century marble high altar with a 16th-century sculpture of "Madonna della Neve", and a Renaissance triptych.
  • Santa Ruba: (c. 1000), church built during the reign of Pope Callixtus II. It has a large cupola in Oriental style. It is located halfway between Vibo Valentia and San Gregorio d'Ippona.
  • Church of the Rosario (c. 1337), located over a Roman temple. Originally in Gothic style, it was remade after the 1783 earthquake. Moreover, it preserves different paintings of the local artist Giulio Rubino as well as 5 polychrome wooden statues of the Sorrowful Mysteries and a Risen Christ made by Ludovico and Domenico Rubino (brothers of Giulio, the painter), carried in procession during the Holy Week.
  • Church of Carmine: built in the 17th century with a single-nave and an oval shape. The convent has been the city hospital for a long time.
  • Church of Santa Maria degli Angeli: built between 1621 and 1666, at first annexed to the convent of the Reformed Friars Minor (now National Boarding School), it is handled by Capuchin Fathers. It preserves a wooden Cross called "of Angels" of an unknown author of '600, destination of thousands of devotees who go on pilgrimage every year by tradition on every Friday in March.
  • Church of Saint Michael: inside there are a paint by Luca Giordano, San Michele che scaccia Lucifero, and a paint by Ludovico Mazzanti, Estasi di Sant'Ignazio.
  • Church of Saint Joseph: wanted by the Jesuit Fathers, it was opened to worship in 1701 with the name of Saint Ignatius or of Jesus; it preserves several paintings including The vision of Saint Ignatius and sculptures like the wooden composition of Saint Joseph on the high altar.
  • Church of the Holy Spirit: built in 1579, it is still deconsecrated; it was the first church of the city before the construction of the current one. Inside different artistic works were preserved until its closing and then they were moved to other churches in the city.
  • Church of Santa Maria la Nova: built in 1521 with the name of Santa Maria di Gesù by duke Ettore Pignatelli, it preserves the sarcophagus of him. During the Napoleonic domination it was used as stable and armory; then, in 1837, it was restored and reopened by Enrico Gagliardi. Inside there are many works by the Flemish painter Dirk Hendricksz.
  • Church of Santa Maria del Soccorso: built around 1632, it was reconstructed in 1791 based on the drawings provided by Bernardo Morena.
  • La Madonnella: small church built on the site of the ancient convent of the Capuchins.
  • Church of Saint Anthony of Padua: built during the 17th century, it was annexed to the convent of Friars Minor Capuchin; on the inside there are one painting by Luca Giordano, La Madonna col bambino tra i Santi Anna e Felice, and one by Pacecco De Rosa, l'Immaculata con i santi Francesco e Antonio.
  1. "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved16 March 2019.
  2. "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved16 March 2019.
  3. G. A. Loud, The Latin Church in Norman Italy (Cambridge University Press, 20 Dec. 2007)p191.
  4. Joseph Bingham, Origines ecclesiasticæ Volume 2(Printed for William Straker, 1834) p371.
  • The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Columbia University Press. 2001. [1]
  • The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites; Stillwell, Richard. MacDonald, William L. McAlister, Marian Holland. Princeton, N.J. Princeton University Press. 1976. ISBN 0-691-03542-3 [2]
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Vibo Valentia
Vibo Valentia Language Watch Edit Vibo Valentia Italian ˈviːbo vaˈlɛntsja listen Monteleone before 1861 Monteleone di Calabria from 1861 to 1928 Calabrian Vibbu Valenzia or Muntalauni is a city and comune municipality in the Calabria region of southern Italy near the Tyrrhenian Sea It is the capital of the province of Vibo Valentia and is an agricultural commercial and tourist center the most famous places nearby are Tropea Ricadi and Pizzo There are also several large manufacturing industries including the tuna district of Maierato Very important for the local economy is Vibo Marina s harbour Vibo Valentia Muntalauni Sicilian Hipponion Greek ComuneComune di Vibo ValentiaPanorama of Vibo ValentiaCoat of armsLocation of Vibo ValentiaVibo ValentiaLocation of Vibo Valentia in CalabriaShow map of ItalyVibo ValentiaVibo Valentia Calabria Show map of CalabriaCoordinates 38 40 30 N 16 05 50 E 38 67500 N 16 09722 E 38 67500 16 09722CountryItalyRegionCalabriaProvinceVibo Valentia VV FrazioniBivona Longobardi Piscopio Porto Salvo San Pietro Vena Inferiore Vena Media Vena Superiore Triparni Vibo MarinaGovernment MayorMaria LimardoArea 1 Total46 2 km2 17 8 sq mi Elevation476 m 1 562 ft Population 31 March 2010 2 Total33 819 Density730 km2 1 900 sq mi Demonym s VibonesiTime zoneUTC 1 CET Summer DST UTC 2 CEST Postal code89900 89811 citation needed Dialing code0963Patron saintSt LeolucaSaint day1 MarchWebsiteOfficial websiteThe castle The dome Santa Maria Maggiore Contents 1 History 2 Government 3 Bishopric 4 Main sights 5 Twin towns 6 References 7 External linksHistory EditVibo Valentia was originally the Greek colony of Hipponion Greek Ipponion It was founded probably around the late 7th century BC by inhabitants of Locri a principal city of the Italian Magna Graecia south of Vibo Valentia on the Ionian Sea Diodorus Siculus reports that the city was taken in 388 BC by Dionysius the Elder tyrant of Syracuse who deported all the population The population came back in 378 BC with the help of the Carthaginians In the following years Hipponion came under the dominion of the Bruttii who controlled most of Calabria After the town fell to Rome the name was Latinized to Hipponium The town became a Roman colony in 194 BC with the name of Vibo Valentia After a phase of prosperity during the late Republic and early Empire the town was almost completely abandoned after the fall of the Western Roman Empire In 1070 the Normans built a castle at the site of the old Acropolis and in 1235 a new city was established by Frederick II Holy Roman emperor and king of Sicily with the name of Monteleone The city got back the old Roman name of Vibo Valentia only in 1928 Government EditSee also List of mayors of Vibo ValentiaBishopric EditA Diocese of Vibo Valentia was established in 451AD and suppressed in 1083AD when it was incorporated into the Diocese of Mileto 3 4 In 1968 it was restored as a titular see The title has been assigned to Andreas Rigracher 1969 1970 Luciano Angeloni 1970 1996 Aldo Cavalli 1996 present Main sights EditNorman Hohenstaufen Castle located most likely on the site of Hipponion acropolis and built around 1000 For its construction materials from the Greek temples nearby were used It was damaged by an earthquake in 1783 Today the castle is home to a state museum Walls of Hipponion including about 350 metres 1 150 ft of remains and foundations of eight towers each with an estimated height of 10 metres 33 ft Church of Santa Maria Maggiore e San Leoluca Cathedral built in the 9th century over the remains of a Byzantine basilica It has an 18th century marble high altar with a 16th century sculpture of Madonna della Neve and a Renaissance triptych Santa Ruba c 1000 church built during the reign of Pope Callixtus II It has a large cupola in Oriental style It is located halfway between Vibo Valentia and San Gregorio d Ippona Church of the Rosario c 1337 located over a Roman temple Originally in Gothic style it was remade after the 1783 earthquake Moreover it preserves different paintings of the local artist Giulio Rubino as well as 5 polychrome wooden statues of the Sorrowful Mysteries and a Risen Christ made by Ludovico and Domenico Rubino brothers of Giulio the painter carried in procession during the Holy Week Church of Carmine built in the 17th century with a single nave and an oval shape The convent has been the city hospital for a long time Church of Santa Maria degli Angeli built between 1621 and 1666 at first annexed to the convent of the Reformed Friars Minor now National Boarding School it is handled by Capuchin Fathers It preserves a wooden Cross called of Angels of an unknown author of 600 destination of thousands of devotees who go on pilgrimage every year by tradition on every Friday in March Church of Saint Michael inside there are a paint by Luca Giordano San Michele che scaccia Lucifero and a paint by Ludovico Mazzanti Estasi di Sant Ignazio Church of Saint Joseph wanted by the Jesuit Fathers it was opened to worship in 1701 with the name of Saint Ignatius or of Jesus it preserves several paintings including The vision of Saint Ignatius and sculptures like the wooden composition of Saint Joseph on the high altar Church of the Holy Spirit built in 1579 it is still deconsecrated it was the first church of the city before the construction of the current one Inside different artistic works were preserved until its closing and then they were moved to other churches in the city Church of Santa Maria la Nova built in 1521 with the name of Santa Maria di Gesu by duke Ettore Pignatelli it preserves the sarcophagus of him During the Napoleonic domination it was used as stable and armory then in 1837 it was restored and reopened by Enrico Gagliardi Inside there are many works by the Flemish painter Dirk Hendricksz Church of Santa Maria del Soccorso built around 1632 it was reconstructed in 1791 based on the drawings provided by Bernardo Morena La Madonnella small church built on the site of the ancient convent of the Capuchins Church of Saint Anthony of Padua built during the 17th century it was annexed to the convent of Friars Minor Capuchin on the inside there are one painting by Luca Giordano La Madonna col bambino tra i Santi Anna e Felice and one by Pacecco De Rosa l Immaculata con i santi Francesco e Antonio Twin towns Edit Corleone Palermo Sicily Italy Ruda Slaska Poland Vrnjacka Banja Serbia Ituzaingo ArgentinaReferences Edit Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011 Italian National Institute of Statistics Retrieved 16 March 2019 Popolazione Residente al 1 Gennaio 2018 Italian National Institute of Statistics Retrieved 16 March 2019 G A Loud The Latin Church in Norman Italy Cambridge University Press 20 Dec 2007 p191 Joseph Bingham Origines ecclesiasticae Volume 2 Printed for William Straker 1834 p371 The Columbia Encyclopedia Sixth Edition Columbia University Press 2001 1 The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites Stillwell Richard MacDonald William L McAlister Marian Holland Princeton N J Princeton University Press 1976 ISBN 0 691 03542 3 2 External links EditOfficial websiteWikimedia Commons has media related to Vibo Valentia Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Vibo Valentia amp oldid 1008904494, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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