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Vice President of the People's Republic of China

The vice president of the People's Republic of China (Chinese:中华人民共和国副主席; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Fùzhǔxí; lit. 'People's Republic of China Vice-Chairman'), also known as state vice chairman (Chinese:国家副主席; pinyin: Guójiā Fùzhǔxí), is a senior position in the government of the People's Republic of China. It was formerly translated as the vice chairman of the People's Republic of China from 1954 to 1975.

Vice President of the People's Republic of China
中华人民共和国副主席
Incumbent
Wang Qishan

since 17 March 2018
StyleMr Vice President (副主席)
(informal)
His Excellency (阁下)
(diplomatic)
ResidenceZhongnanhai
SeatWest Building, Zhongnanhai, Beijing
NominatorPresidium of the National People's Congress
AppointerNational People's Congress
Term lengthFive years, renewable
Constituting instrumentConstitution of the People's Republic of China
PrecursorVice Chairman of the People's Republic of China
Inaugural holderZhu De
Formation27 September 1954; 67 years ago (1954-09-27)
Abolished1975-1982
Unofficial namesState Vice Chairman
Websitehttp://english.www.gov.cn

Contents

The office was created by the 1982 constitution. Formally, the Vice President is elected by the National People's Congress in accordance with Article 62 of the Constitution. In practice, this election falls into the category of single-candidate elections. The candidate is recommended by the Presidium of the National People's Congress, which also theoretically has the power to recall the Vice President.

By law, the Vice President must be a Chinese citizen of 45 years of age or older. Prior to March 2018, he or she cannot serve for over two terms, a term being the equivalent of one session of the NPC, which is five years.

The Vice President's duties include assisting the President, and replacing him should he resign or die in office. In reality the position of the Vice President is mostly ceremonial; Vice Presidents Zeng Qinghong, Hu Jintao, and Xi Jinping have been members of the Politburo Standing Committee of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and the Central Secretariat, the country's main decision making bodies; these three served concurrently as the first-ranked Secretary of the Secretariat, in charge of party affairs.

The Vice President may play a major role in foreign affairs. For instance, the Vice President generally sits on the Foreign Affairs Leading Group, a policy coordination body of the CCP. The Vice President has also typically sits on the Central Coordination Group for Hong Kong and Macau Affairs. Therefore, while the Vice President may not actually have substantive powers as defined in the Constitution, the office nonetheless carries significance and prestige. The holders of the office have all been individuals with a degree of political clout.

Vice President Li Yuanchao was a member of the CCP Politburo until 2017, but not the Standing Committee. His successor, Wang Qishan, was a retired member of the Standing Committee at the time of his ascension.

Generations of leadership

First Administration Second Administration Third Administration Hu–Wen Administration Xi–Li Administration

Central People's Government (1949–1954)

Vice Chairmen of the Central People's Government
(co-serving, 1 October 1949 – 27 September 1954)
  1. Zhu De
  2. Liu Shaoqi
  3. Song Qingling
  4. Li Jishen
  5. Zhang Lan
  6. Gao Gang (until his suicide on 17 August 1954)

The 1st Constitution (1954–1975)

Vice Chairmen of the People's Republic of China
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Constituency
Term of office NPC Chairman
1 Zhu De
朱德
(1886–1976)
Sichuan at-large
27 September 1954 27 April 1959 I Mao Zedong
The first Vice Chairman of the People's Republic of China.
2 Song Qingling
宋庆龄
(1893–1981)
Shanghai at-large
Dong Biwu
董必武
(1886–1975)
Hubei at-large
27 April 1959 17 January 1975 II · III Liu Shaoqi
Term of office NPC President
3 Served jointly as Vice Chairmen.
Vacancy by ascension and post abolished

The 4th Constitution (1982–present)

Vice President of the People's Republic of China
Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Constituency
Term of office NPC President
3 Ulanhu
乌兰夫
(1907–1988)
Inner Mongolia at-large
18 June 1983 8 April 1988 VI Li Xiannian
An ethnic Mongol and former Chairman of Inner Mongolia, Ulanhu served as the first Vice President under the 4th Constitution of the People's Republic of China.
4 Wang Zhen
王震
(1909–1993)
Xinjiang at-large
April 1988 12 March 1993 VII Yang Shangkun
Wang Zhen, a Communist military leader, was perhaps best known for leading the People's Liberation Army into Xinjiang at the foundation of the People's Republic. In 1988 Wang assumed the title of Vice-President in an honorary capacity, after his failed effort to put the conservative Deng Liqun in the position of General Secretary. Wang was the second Vice President under the 4th Constitution of the People's Republic of China. He died in office.
5 Rong Yiren
荣毅仁
(1916–2005)
Shanghai at-large
12 March 1993 15 March 1998 VIII Jiang Zemin
A member of the China Democratic National Construction Association, a recognized non-Communist political party in China, Rong served as the third Vice President under the 4th Constitution of the People's Republic of China.
6 Hu Jintao
胡锦涛
(born 1942)
Guizhou at-large
15 March 1998 15 March 2003 IX Jiang Zemin
Hu, the former party chief of Guizhou province and the Tibet Autonomous Region, served as the fourth Vice President under the 4th Constitution of the People's Republic of China. In his capacity as Vice-President, Hu was probably best known for handling the aftermath of the United States bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade. Hu was the first member of the Politburo Standing Committee to assume the post since the adoption of the 1982 constitution. In 2003, Hu became the first Vice President to become President.
7 Zeng Qinghong
曾庆红
(born 1939)
Jiangxi at-large
15 March 2003 15 March 2008 X Hu Jintao
Zeng Qinghong, who had come to prominence as a political aide to Jiang Zemin, served as the fifth Vice President under the 4th Constitution of the People's Republic of China. Also a member of the Politburo Standing Committee, Zeng received an unusually high number of votes against him during his election for the vice-presidency.
8 Xi Jinping
习近平
(born 1953)
Shanghai at-large
15 March 2008 14 March 2013 XI Hu Jintao
Xi, the former party chief of Zhejiang, then Shanghai, became the sixth Vice President under the 4th Constitution of the People's Republic of China and the second Vice President to become President. Also a member of the Politburo Standing Committee.
9 Li Yuanchao
李源潮
(born 1950)
Jiangsu at-large
14 March 2013 17 March 2018 XII Xi Jinping
Li, the former party chief of Jiangsu, became the seventh Vice President under the 4th Constitution of the People's Republic of China. A member of the Politburo. In his capacity as Vice-President, Li represented China at numerous international events of symbolic significance, such as the State Memorial Service of Nelson Mandela, and the state funeral of Lee Kuan Yew.
10 Wang Qishan
王岐山
(born 1948)
Hunan at-large
17 March 2018 Incumbent XIII Xi Jinping
Wang, a retired member of the Politburo Standing Committee and the former Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection – China's top anti-corruption enforcer, was selected for the Vice President post ostensibly for his experience in foreign affairs. Wang's assuming the post again made the vice-presidency a highly relevant office.
  1. Tian, Baojun. 建国后朱德元帅的住房:还不如苏联集体农庄主席. ifeng.com. Phoenix New Media Limited. Retrieved2018-02-17.

Vice President of the People's Republic of China
Vice President of the People s Republic of China Article Talk Language Watch Edit The vice president of the People s Republic of China Chinese 中华人民共和国副主席 pinyin Zhōnghua Renmin Gongheguo Fuzhǔxi lit People s Republic of China Vice Chairman also known as state vice chairman Chinese 国家副主席 pinyin Guojia Fuzhǔxi is a senior position in the government of the People s Republic of China It was formerly translated as the vice chairman of the People s Republic of China from 1954 to 1975 Vice President of the People s Republic of China 中华人民共和国副主席National Emblem of the People s Republic of ChinaFlag of the People s Republic of ChinaIncumbent Wang Qishan since 17 March 2018StyleMr Vice President 副主席 informal His Excellency 阁下 diplomatic ResidenceZhongnanhaiSeatWest Building Zhongnanhai Beijing 1 NominatorPresidium of the National People s CongressAppointerNational People s CongressTerm lengthFive years renewableConstituting instrumentConstitution of the People s Republic of ChinaPrecursorVice Chairman of the People s Republic of ChinaInaugural holderZhu DeFormation27 September 1954 67 years ago 1954 09 27 Abolished1975 1982Unofficial namesState Vice ChairmanWebsitehttp english www gov cn Contents 1 Selection and powers 2 List of vice presidents 2 1 Central People s Government 1949 1954 2 2 The 1st Constitution 1954 1975 2 3 The 4th Constitution 1982 present 3 References 4 External links 5 See alsoSelection and powers EditThe office was created by the 1982 constitution Formally the Vice President is elected by the National People s Congress in accordance with Article 62 of the Constitution In practice this election falls into the category of single candidate elections The candidate is recommended by the Presidium of the National People s Congress which also theoretically has the power to recall the Vice President By law the Vice President must be a Chinese citizen of 45 years of age or older Prior to March 2018 he or she cannot serve for over two terms a term being the equivalent of one session of the NPC which is five years The Vice President s duties include assisting the President and replacing him should he resign or die in office In reality the position of the Vice President is mostly ceremonial Vice Presidents Zeng Qinghong Hu Jintao and Xi Jinping have been members of the Politburo Standing Committee of the Chinese Communist Party CCP and the Central Secretariat the country s main decision making bodies these three served concurrently as the first ranked Secretary of the Secretariat in charge of party affairs The Vice President may play a major role in foreign affairs For instance the Vice President generally sits on the Foreign Affairs Leading Group a policy coordination body of the CCP The Vice President has also typically sits on the Central Coordination Group for Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Therefore while the Vice President may not actually have substantive powers as defined in the Constitution the office nonetheless carries significance and prestige The holders of the office have all been individuals with a degree of political clout Vice President Li Yuanchao was a member of the CCP Politburo until 2017 but not the Standing Committee His successor Wang Qishan was a retired member of the Standing Committee at the time of his ascension List of vice presidents EditGenerations of leadership First Administration Second Administration Third Administration Hu Wen Administration Xi Li Administration Central People s Government 1949 1954 Edit Vice Chairmen of the Central People s Government co serving 1 October 1949 27 September 1954 Zhu De Liu Shaoqi Song Qingling Li Jishen Zhang Lan Gao Gang until his suicide on 17 August 1954 The 1st Constitution 1954 1975 Edit Vice Chairmen of the People s Republic of China Portrait Name Birth Death Constituency Term of office NPC Chairman1 Zhu De 朱德 1886 1976 Sichuan at large 27 September 1954 27 April 1959 I Mao ZedongThe first Vice Chairman of the People s Republic of China 2 Song Qingling 宋庆龄 1893 1981 Shanghai at large Dong Biwu 董必武 1886 1975 Hubei at large 27 April 1959 17 January 1975 II III Liu ShaoqiTerm of office NPC President3 Served jointly as Vice Chairmen Vacancy by ascension and post abolishedThe 4th Constitution 1982 present Edit Vice President of the People s Republic of China Portrait Name Birth Death Constituency Term of office NPC President3 Ulanhu 乌兰夫 1907 1988 Inner Mongolia at large 18 June 1983 8 April 1988 VI Li XiannianAn ethnic Mongol and former Chairman of Inner Mongolia Ulanhu served as the first Vice President under the 4th Constitution of the People s Republic of China 4 Wang Zhen 王震 1909 1993 Xinjiang at large April 1988 12 March 1993 VII Yang ShangkunWang Zhen a Communist military leader was perhaps best known for leading the People s Liberation Army into Xinjiang at the foundation of the People s Republic In 1988 Wang assumed the title of Vice President in an honorary capacity after his failed effort to put the conservative Deng Liqun in the position of General Secretary Wang was the second Vice President under the 4th Constitution of the People s Republic of China He died in office 5 Rong Yiren 荣毅仁 1916 2005 Shanghai at large 12 March 1993 15 March 1998 VIII Jiang ZeminA member of the China Democratic National Construction Association a recognized non Communist political party in China Rong served as the third Vice President under the 4th Constitution of the People s Republic of China 6 Hu Jintao 胡锦涛 born 1942 Guizhou at large 15 March 1998 15 March 2003 IX Jiang ZeminHu the former party chief of Guizhou province and the Tibet Autonomous Region served as the fourth Vice President under the 4th Constitution of the People s Republic of China In his capacity as Vice President Hu was probably best known for handling the aftermath of the United States bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade Hu was the first member of the Politburo Standing Committee to assume the post since the adoption of the 1982 constitution In 2003 Hu became the first Vice President to become President 7 Zeng Qinghong 曾庆红 born 1939 Jiangxi at large 15 March 2003 15 March 2008 X Hu JintaoZeng Qinghong who had come to prominence as a political aide to Jiang Zemin served as the fifth Vice President under the 4th Constitution of the People s Republic of China Also a member of the Politburo Standing Committee Zeng received an unusually high number of votes against him during his election for the vice presidency 8 Xi Jinping 习近平 born 1953 Shanghai at large 15 March 2008 14 March 2013 XI Hu JintaoXi the former party chief of Zhejiang then Shanghai became the sixth Vice President under the 4th Constitution of the People s Republic of China and the second Vice President to become President Also a member of the Politburo Standing Committee 9 Li Yuanchao 李源潮 born 1950 Jiangsu at large 14 March 2013 17 March 2018 XII Xi JinpingLi the former party chief of Jiangsu became the seventh Vice President under the 4th Constitution of the People s Republic of China A member of the Politburo In his capacity as Vice President Li represented China at numerous international events of symbolic significance such as the State Memorial Service of Nelson Mandela and the state funeral of Lee Kuan Yew 10 Wang Qishan 王岐山 born 1948 Hunan at large 17 March 2018 Incumbent XIII Xi JinpingWang a retired member of the Politburo Standing Committee and the former Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection China s top anti corruption enforcer was selected for the Vice President post ostensibly for his experience in foreign affairs Wang s assuming the post again made the vice presidency a highly relevant office References Edit Tian Baojun 建国后朱德元帅的住房 还不如苏联集体农庄主席 ifeng com Phoenix New Media Limited Retrieved 2018 02 17 External links EditThe President s Official WebsiteSee also Edit China portal Politics portal President of the People s Republic of China list Political position ranking of the People s Republic of China Paramount leader China List of premiers of the People s Republic of China List of vice premiers of the People s Republic of China List of current Vice Presidents Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Vice President of the People 27s Republic of China amp oldid 1055878502, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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