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Vice President of the Republic of China

For the Vice President of the People's Republic of China, see Vice President of the People's Republic of China.

The vice president of the Republic of China, unofficially known as the vice president of Taiwan, is the second-highest officer of the Republic of China (ROC).

Vice President of
the Republic of China
中華民國副總統
Incumbent
Lai Ching-te

since 20 May 2020
StyleMr Vice President (informal)
His Excellency (diplomatic)
Member of
ResidenceWanli Residence
SeatPresidential Office, Taipei
AppointerDirect election
Term length4 years; renewable once
Formation20 May 1948; 73 years ago (1948-05-20)
First holderLi Tsong-jen
SalaryNT$4,080,000 annually
Websiteenglish.president.gov.tw

Contents

Under Article 49 the Constitution of the Republic of China, in case the office of the President should become vacant, the Vice President shall succeed until the expiration of the original presidential term. In case the office of both the President and the Vice President should become vacant, the President of the Executive Yuan shall act for the President. In case the President should be unable to attend to office due to any cause, the Vice President shall act for the President. In case both the President and the Vice President should be unable to attend to office, the President of the Executive Yuan shall act for the President. After the Vice President succeeds as president, the office of Vice President remains vacant for the remainder of the term.

Aside from succeeding the president in the case of death, resignation, or impeachment of the president, and acting as president in the event the president becomes incapacitated, the vice president holds little formal power in the government.

Until 1996, the vice president was elected by the National Assembly of the Republic of China. Beginning in the 1996 election, the vice president has been elected through a direct popular vote of citizens with household registration in the "Free Area of the Republic of China" on the same ticket as the president.

Two vice presidents have succeeded to the presidency upon the death of the president. Yen Chia-kan became president in 1975 upon the death of President Chiang Kai-shek and Lee Teng-hui became president in 1988 upon the death of President Chiang Ching-kuo. Yen stepped down as president three years later in favor of Chiang Ching-kuo

Another, Li Tsung-jen, formally acted as president from 21 January 1949 to 1 March 1950. President Chiang Kai-shek had resigned amid heavy losses during the Chinese Civil War, but was unclear on whether he was resigning permanently, or simply wished to step down temporarily. Chiang remained as Director-General of the Kuomintang and continued to give orders to the army as if he were in control. Amid this power struggle, Li left for medical treatment in the United States in November 1949 following the fall of the temporary capital of Chongqing to capital forces where he was accepted as a foreign head of state. Chiang retreated to Chengdu and finally moved the government to Taiwan in December 1949, acting as the de facto leader until formally "resuming" his duties in the next March. Li would nominally remain as vice president in absentia until 1954 until being impeached by the Control Yuan for "failure to carry out duties due to illegal conduct."

Due to the relative lack of formal power of the position, it has been coupled in the past with the office of the premier of the Republic of China. Vice presidents Chen Cheng, Yen Chia-kan, and Lien Chan all served as premier concurrently as vice president during part of their terms, and vice president Annette Lu has at times been mentioned as a possible candidate for premiership.

  • Lien Chan
    (1996–2000)
    (1936-08-27)27 August 1936 (age 85)

  • Annette Lu
    (2000–2008)
    (1944-06-07)7 June 1944 (age 77)

  • Vincent Siew
    (2008–2012)
    (1939-01-03)3 January 1939 (age 82)

  • Wu Den-yih
    (2012–2016)
    (1948-01-30)30 January 1948 (age 73)

  • Chen Chien-jen
    (2016–2020)
    (1951-06-06)6 June 1951 (age 70)

Standard of the Vice President of the Republic of China was instituted in Act of Ensign of the Republic of China Navy. The insignia was abolished with invalidation of the act on 3 January 1986.

The former Presidential Building in the Presidential Palace, Nanjing, housed the office of the Vice President Li Tsung-jen in 1948.
Currently, the Presidential Office of the Republic of China located in Taipei, Taiwan, also houses the office of the Vice President.

Vice President of the Republic of China
Vice President of the Republic of China Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Vice President of the ROC For the Vice President of the People s Republic of China see Vice President of the People s Republic of China The vice president of the Republic of China unofficially known as the vice president of Taiwan is the second highest officer of the Republic of China ROC Vice President of the Republic of China中華民國副總統National Emblem of the Republic of ChinaIncumbent Lai Ching te since 20 May 2020StyleMr Vice President informal His Excellency diplomatic Member ofOffice of the President National Security CouncilResidenceWanli ResidenceSeatPresidential Office TaipeiAppointerDirect electionTerm length4 years renewable onceFormation20 May 1948 73 years ago 1948 05 20 First holderLi Tsong jenSalaryNT 4 080 000 annuallyWebsiteenglish wbr president wbr gov wbr tw Contents 1 Powers 2 Precedents 3 List 4 Living former vice presidents 5 InsigniaPowers EditUnder Article 49 the Constitution of the Republic of China in case the office of the President should become vacant the Vice President shall succeed until the expiration of the original presidential term In case the office of both the President and the Vice President should become vacant the President of the Executive Yuan shall act for the President In case the President should be unable to attend to office due to any cause the Vice President shall act for the President In case both the President and the Vice President should be unable to attend to office the President of the Executive Yuan shall act for the President After the Vice President succeeds as president the office of Vice President remains vacant for the remainder of the term Aside from succeeding the president in the case of death resignation or impeachment of the president and acting as president in the event the president becomes incapacitated the vice president holds little formal power in the government Until 1996 the vice president was elected by the National Assembly of the Republic of China Beginning in the 1996 election the vice president has been elected through a direct popular vote of citizens with household registration in the Free Area of the Republic of China on the same ticket as the president Precedents EditTwo vice presidents have succeeded to the presidency upon the death of the president Yen Chia kan became president in 1975 upon the death of President Chiang Kai shek and Lee Teng hui became president in 1988 upon the death of President Chiang Ching kuo Yen stepped down as president three years later in favor of Chiang Ching kuo Another Li Tsung jen formally acted as president from 21 January 1949 to 1 March 1950 President Chiang Kai shek had resigned amid heavy losses during the Chinese Civil War but was unclear on whether he was resigning permanently or simply wished to step down temporarily Chiang remained as Director General of the Kuomintang and continued to give orders to the army as if he were in control Amid this power struggle Li left for medical treatment in the United States in November 1949 following the fall of the temporary capital of Chongqing to capital forces where he was accepted as a foreign head of state Chiang retreated to Chengdu and finally moved the government to Taiwan in December 1949 acting as the de facto leader until formally resuming his duties in the next March Li would nominally remain as vice president in absentia until 1954 until being impeached by the Control Yuan for failure to carry out duties due to illegal conduct Due to the relative lack of formal power of the position it has been coupled in the past with the office of the premier of the Republic of China Vice presidents Chen Cheng Yen Chia kan and Lien Chan all served as premier concurrently as vice president during part of their terms and vice president Annette Lu has at times been mentioned as a possible candidate for premiership List EditMain article List of vice presidents of the Republic of ChinaLiving former vice presidents Edit Lien Chan 1996 2000 1936 08 27 27 August 1936 age 85 Annette Lu 2000 2008 1944 06 07 7 June 1944 age 77 Vincent Siew 2008 2012 1939 01 03 3 January 1939 age 82 Wu Den yih 2012 2016 1948 01 30 30 January 1948 age 73 Chen Chien jen 2016 2020 1951 06 06 6 June 1951 age 70 Insignia EditStandard of the Vice President of the Republic of China was instituted in Act of Ensign of the Republic of China Navy The insignia was abolished with invalidation of the act on 3 January 1986 The former Presidential Building in the Presidential Palace Nanjing housed the office of the Vice President Li Tsung jen in 1948 Currently the Presidential Office of the Republic of China located in Taipei Taiwan also houses the office of the Vice President Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Vice President of the Republic of China amp oldid 1049424278, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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