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Victor H. Krulak

Victor Harold Krulak (January 7, 1913 – December 29, 2008) was a decorated United States Marine Corps officer who saw action in World War II, Korea and Vietnam. Krulak, considered a visionary by fellow Marines, was the author of First to Fight: An Inside View of the U.S. Marine Corps and the father of the 31st Commandant of the Marine Corps, Charles C. Krulak.

Victor H. Krulak
Nickname(s)"Brute"
Born(1913-01-07)January 7, 1913
Denver, Colorado
DiedDecember 29, 2008(2008-12-29) (aged 95)
San Diego, California
Buried
AllegianceUnited States of America
Service/branch United States Marine Corps
Years of service1934–1968
Rank Lieutenant general
Service number0-4990
Commands held2nd Parachute Battalion
5th Marine Regiment
Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego
Fleet Marine Force, Pacific
Battles/warsWorld War II

Korean War

Vietnam War
AwardsNavy Cross
Navy Distinguished Service Medal
Legion of Merit (3)
Bronze Star Medal (with "V")
Purple Heart
Air Medal
Spouse(s)Amy Chandler (1936–2004; her death; 3 children)
RelationsGeneral Charles C. Krulak (son)
Other workNewspaper columnist

Contents

Krulak was born in Denver, Colorado, to Jewish parents, Bessie (Zall) and Morris Krulak. He later denied Jewish ancestry and claimed to have been raised Episcopalian. He was married to Amy Chandler from 1936 until her death in 2004. The couple had three children.

Krulak was commissioned a U.S. Marine Corps second lieutenant upon graduation from the U.S. Naval Academy on May 31, 1934. His early Marine Corps service included: sea duty aboard USS Arizona, an assignment at the U.S. Naval Academy; duty with the 6th Marines in San Diego and the 4th Marines in China (1937–39); completion of the Junior School, Quantico, Virginia (1940); and an assignment with the 1st Marine Brigade, FMF, later the 1st Marine Division.

While stationed as an observer in Shanghai during the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937, Krulak took photographs with a telephoto lens of a ramp-bowed landing boat that the Japanese had been using. Recognizing the potential use of such a craft by the U.S. armed forces, Krulak sent details and photographs back to Washington, but discovered years later that they had been filed away as having come from "some nut out in China". Krulak built a model of the Japanese boat design and discussed the retractable ramp approach with boat builder Andrew Higgins who incorporated elements of Krulak's input into the Landing Craft, Vehicle, Personnel (LCVP) or "Higgins boat", which played critical roles in the Normandy Landings and amphibious assaults in the Pacific.

World War II

At the outbreak of World War II, Krulak was a captain serving as aide to General Holland M. Smith, the commanding general, Amphibious Corps, Atlantic Fleet. He volunteered for parachute training and on completion of training, he was ordered to the Pacific area as commander of the 2nd Parachute Battalion, 1st Marine Amphibious Corps. He went into action at Vella Lavella with the 2nd New Zealand Brigade.

As a lieutenant colonel in the fall of 1943, he earned the Navy Cross and the Purple Heart on Choiseul Island, where his battalion staged a week-long diversionary raid to cover the Bougainville invasion. Later, he joined the newly formed 6th Marine Division and took part in the Okinawa campaign and the surrender of Japanese forces in the China area, earning the Legion of Merit with "V" device for valor and the Bronze Star.

The Navy Cross is presented to Victor H. Krulak, Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the Second Battalion, First Marine Parachute Regiment, during operations on Choiseul Island, Solomon Islands, October 28 to November 3, 1943. Assigned the task of diverting hostile attention from the movements of our main attack force en route to Empress Augusta Bay, Bougainville Island, Lieutenant Colonel Krulak landed at Choiseul and daringly directed the attack of his battalion against the Japanese, destroying hundreds of tons of supplies and burning camps and landing barges. Although wounded during the assault on October 30, he repeatedly refused to relinquish his command and with dauntless courage and tenacious devotion to duty, continued to lead his battalion against the numerically superior Japanese forces. His brilliant leadership and indomitable fighting spirit assured the success of this vital mission and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

Navy Cross citation

The navy PT boat, PT-59, captained by John F. Kennedy helped evacuate Krulak's force from Choiseul at the end of the operation. In response, Krulak promised Kennedy a bottle of whiskey which he delivered almost 20 years later when Kennedy was serving as President of the United States.

After the war, Krulak returned to the United States and served as assistant director of the Senior School at Marine Corps Base Quantico, and, later, as regimental commander of the 5th Marines at Camp Pendleton.

Korean War

He was serving as assistant chief of staff, G-3, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific, when the Korean War erupted, and subsequently served in Korea as chief of staff, 1st Marine Division, earning a second Legion of Merit with Combat "V" and Air Medal.

From 1951 to 1955, Krulak served at Headquarters Marine Corps as Secretary of the General Staff, then rejoined Fleet Marine Force, Pacific, as chief of staff.

1956 to 1959

In July 1956, he was promoted to brigadier general and designated assistant commander, 3rd Marine Division on Okinawa. From 1957 to 1959, he served as director, Marine Corps Educational Center, Quantico. He was promoted to major general in November 1959, and the following month assumed command of the Marine Corps Recruit Depot, San Diego.

Vietnam War

Lt. Gen Krulak in a training exercise at Camp Pendleton, May 7, 1964

From 1962 to 1964, Krulak served as special assistant for counter insurgency activities, Organization of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; for which he was presented a third Legion of Merit for exceptional meritorious service by General Maxwell D. Taylor, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. During this period, American military advisors were providing assistance to the South Vietnamese in their war against the Viet Cong. In September 1963, then Major General Krulak and Joseph Mendenhall, a senior Foreign Service officer, led a fact-finding mission to learn about the progress of the war. Krulak said that the situation was very good and supported President Ngo Dinh Diem, while Mendenhall claimed the opposite, leading Kennedy to famously ask the pair if they had visited the same country. In late December 1963, the new president, Lyndon B. Johnson, ordered an interdepartmental group to be headed by Krulak with the purpose of studying OPLAN 34A and selecting from it those targets the United States could hit in North Vietnam with the least amount of risk to its people. This was in keeping with the administration's policy of graduated pressure on the North Vietnamese.

Krulak inspecting Marines from First Air Naval Gunfire Liaison Company in Hawaii, April 1965.

On March 1, 1964, Krulak was designated Commanding General, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific, and promoted to lieutenant general. For the next four years, Krulak was responsible for all Fleet Marine Force units in the Pacific, including some 54 trips to the Vietnam theater. Many sources including Coram (2010) report that the Chu Lai base, which commenced in May 1965, was named after Krulak's own Chinese name.

At the beginning of the war, Krulak put forward the "Spreading Inkblot Theory." This promoted a spreading inkblot of small units actions to pacify South Vietnam village by village. When large enemy units were encountered then General Westmoreland's overwhelming firepower should be employed. He also called for intensive bombing of North Vietnam and mining of Haiphong Harbor. Krulak's plans were eventually rejected as Westmoreland favored hammering the enemy into submission through superior firepower and the Johnson administration feared relentless bombing of the North would provoke Soviet and Chinese intervention. Krulak opposed the establishment of the Khe Sanh Combat Base.

Krulak hoped to become the next Commandant of the Marine Corps, but in 1967 Lyndon B. Johnson selected Leonard F. Chapman, Jr.. As a result, Krulak retired on June 1, 1968, receiving a Navy Distinguished Service Medal for his performance during that period. Military historian Robert Coram states that it was Krulak's comments to President Johnson criticizing the restraints placed on American military operations in Vietnam that resulted in Johnson's selection of Chapman over Krulak. General Krulak's son Charles C. Krulak eventually became the 31st Commandant of the Marine Corps, serving from 1995 to 1999.

Medals and decorations

Krulak's medals and decorations include:

Badge Navy/Marine Corps Parachutist Insignia
1st row Navy Cross Navy Distinguished Service Medal
2nd row Legion of Merit w/ 2 award stars & valor device Bronze Star with "V" device Purple Heart Air Medal
3rd row Navy Presidential Unit Citation w/ 3 service stars China Service Medal w/ 1 service star American Defense Service Medal w/ Base clasp American Campaign Medal
4th row Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal w/ 3 service stars World War II Victory Medal Navy Occupation Service Medal National Defense Service Medal w/ 1 service star
5th row Korean Service Medal w/ 4 service stars Vietnam Service Medal w/ service star Order of Service Merit, Second Class National Order of Vietnam, Commander
6th row Vietnam Gallantry Cross w/ palm Korean Presidential Unit Citation United Nations Korea Medal Vietnam Campaign Medal
Badge Rifle Expert Marksmanship Badge Pistol Expert Marksmanship Badge

Krulak was an early advocate of using helicopters as attack platforms. He was also instrumental in the development of Higgins boats, which enabled beach landings of men and material in World War II.

After retiring from the Marine Corps, Krulak worked for Copley Newspapers, including serving as president of Copley News Service and vice president of Copley Press. He retired from Copley in 1977, though he continued to contribute to their news service. Krulak also wrote a number of books, including the iconic Marine Corps history First to Fight.

Krulak was a personal friend of Ronald Reagan. They wrote each other regularly.

In retirement, Krulak was active in community organizations, as well as participating in Marine Corps activities. He served as president and trustee of the Zoological Society of San Diego. His wife, Amy, died in 2004.

On December 29, 2008, Lieutenant General Krulak died at age 95 in San Diego, California. He was survived by his three sons – retired Marine Corps Commandant General Charles Krulak, Reverend Victor Krulak (Commander Navy Chaplain Corps), Reverend William Krulak (Colonel USMCR) – four grandchildren, and 10 great-grandchildren. Krulak's funeral was held on January 8, 2009, in the chapel at MCAS Miramar, with burial at Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery.

In 2004, Lieutenant General Krulak was the recipient of the U.S. Naval Academy's Distinguished Graduate award, which honors alumni who have "provided a lifetime of service to the nation or armed forces, have made significant and distinguished contributions to the nation via their public service and have demonstrated a strong interest in supporting the Navy or Marine Corps and the United States Naval Academy. These individuals are the embodiment of the Naval Academy's mission to provide graduates who will be ready '…to assume the highest responsibilities of command, citizenship and government.'"

In 2007, at the Marine Corps Association's first annual banquet, Secretary of Defense Robert Gates recounted the story of Krulak's time in China and his career:

Krulak's was, of course, a legendary career: Navy Cross; counterinsurgency advisor to the Joint Staff; commander of the Fleet Marines in the Pacific during the Vietnam War; and, father of a future Marine Commandant, Chuck Krulak.... Victor Krulak's story and accomplishments teach us a good deal:

  • About learning from the experiences and setbacks of the past;
  • About being open to take ideas and inspiration from wherever they come; and
  • About overcoming conventional wisdom and bureaucratic obstacles thrown in one's path.

His book First to Fight won the 1984 Samuel Eliot Morison Award for Naval Literature.

The Brute Krulak Center for Innovation and Creativity (BKCIC) at the Marine Corps University is named after Victor Krulak.

  1. "Krulak, Victor Harold | Encyclopedia.com". www.encyclopedia.com.
  2. "Appendix D: Krulak Letter Re: Dealey Plaza Photos And Lansdale Identity, "Understanding Special Operations"". ratical.org.
  3. "Prominent Marines". Marine Corps Legacy Museum. Archived from the original on July 10, 2006. RetrievedJuly 11, 2006.
  4. Garner, Dwight (November 9, 2010). "Robert Coram's 'Brute' Recalls Gen. Victor Krulak – Review". The New York Times.
  5. Goldstein, Richard. "Victor H. Krulak, Marine Behind U.S. Landing Craft, Dies at 95 ", The New York Times, January 4, 2009. Retrieved January 5, 2009.
  6. "Navy Cross Awards to members of the U.S. Marines in World War II". HomeOfHeroes.com. Archived from the original on August 29, 2006. RetrievedJuly 11, 2006.
  7. Liewer, Steve, "'Brute' Krulak Commemorated", San Diego Union-Tribune, January 9, 2009.
  8. McMaster, H.R. (1997). Dereliction of Duty: Lyndon Johnson, Robert McNamara, The Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Lies that Led to Vietnam. New York, NY: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-018795-6.
  9. Willis, Bud Marble Mountain: A Vietnam Memoir 2010 Page 359 "Krulak named Chu Lai after himself, having been the General who first flew over the area and selected the site. There were no towns nearby, just a wide open area, so he called it Chu Lai, which means Krulak in Mandarin Chinese. (From the book Brute by Robert Coram 2010)"
  10. Crocker(2006): 365.
  11. Perry, Tony, "Victor H. Krulak, 1913 – 2008", Los Angeles Times, December 31, 2008, p. B6.
  12. Miller, Stephen (January 3, 2009). "Military Innovator Who Sought New Approach to Battle in Vietnam". Wall Street Journal.
  13. Gonzalez, Blanca. "Marine Corps legend Gen. Victor Krulak dies at 95." San Diego Union-Tribune, December 30, 2008. Archived from the original.
  14. Perry, Tony (December 31, 2008). "Victor H. Krulak dies at 95; retired Marine lieutenant general". Los Angeles Times. RetrievedDecember 31, 2008.
  15. Skinner, Kiron K.; Anderson, Annelise; Anderson, Martin, eds. (2004). Reagan: A Life In Letters. New York, New York: Free Press. pp. 122, 308, 320, 330, etc. ISBN 978-0743219679.
  16. Gonzalez, Blanca (December 30, 2008). "Marine Corps legend Gen. Victor Krulak dies at 95". San Diego Union-Tribune. RetrievedJanuary 3, 2009.
  17. "Marine legend Lieutenant General Victor Krulak dies". Marine Corps Times. Associated Press. December 31, 2008. Archived from the original on February 23, 2012. RetrievedDecember 31, 2008.
  18. Kurz, Laura (2004). "2004 Distinguished Graduate Award Recipients Honored". Shipmate Magazine. U.S. Naval Academy Alumni Association and Foundation. Archived from the original on May 9, 2006. RetrievedJuly 11, 2006.
  19. "Marine Corps Association Annual Dinner (Arlington, VA) – Remarks as by Secretary of Defense Robert M. Gates". July 18, 2007. RetrievedDecember 19, 2007.
  20. "Latest NOUS Awards". Naval Order of the United States. RetrievedDecember 23, 2017.
  21. "Previous Morison Book Awards". Naval Order of the United States, New York Commandery. RetrievedDecember 23, 2017.

This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps.

Wikimedia Commons has media related toVictor Krulak.
Military offices
Preceded by Commanding General of the Fleet Marine Force Pacific
March 1, 1964 – June 1, 1968
Succeeded by
Preceded by Commanding General of the MCRD San Diego
December 1, 1959 – February 14, 1962
Succeeded by
Preceded by Commanding Officer of the 5th Marine Regiment
October 1, 1949 – June 9, 1950
Succeeded by

Victor H. Krulak
Victor H Krulak Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Victor Krulak Victor Harold Krulak January 7 1913 December 29 2008 was a decorated United States Marine Corps officer who saw action in World War II Korea and Vietnam Krulak considered a visionary by fellow Marines 3 was the author of First to Fight An Inside View of the U S Marine Corps and the father of the 31st Commandant of the Marine Corps Charles C Krulak Victor H KrulakNickname s Brute Born 1913 01 07 January 7 1913 Denver ColoradoDiedDecember 29 2008 2008 12 29 aged 95 San Diego CaliforniaBuriedFort Rosecrans National Cemetery San DiegoAllegianceUnited States of AmericaService wbr branch United States Marine CorpsYears of service1934 1968RankLieutenant generalService number0 4990Commands held2nd Parachute Battalion 5th Marine Regiment Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego Fleet Marine Force PacificBattles warsWorld War II Naval Battle of Vella Lavella Raid on Choiseul Battle of Okinawa Korean War Battle of Inchon Second Battle of Seoul Battle of Chosin ReservoirVietnam WarAwardsNavy Cross Navy Distinguished Service Medal Legion of Merit 3 Bronze Star Medal with V Purple Heart Air MedalSpouse s Amy Chandler 1936 2004 her death 3 children 1 RelationsGeneral Charles C Krulak son Other workNewspaper columnist 2 Contents 1 Personal life 2 Marine Corps career 2 1 World War II 2 2 Korean War 2 3 1956 to 1959 2 4 Vietnam War 2 5 Medals and decorations 3 Strategic vehicle advocacy 4 Post military career 5 Honors 6 Published works 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External linksPersonal life EditKrulak was born in Denver Colorado to Jewish parents Bessie Zall and Morris Krulak He later denied Jewish ancestry and claimed to have been raised Episcopalian 4 He was married to Amy Chandler from 1936 until her death in 2004 The couple had three children Marine Corps career EditKrulak was commissioned a U S Marine Corps second lieutenant upon graduation from the U S Naval Academy on May 31 1934 His early Marine Corps service included sea duty aboard USS Arizona an assignment at the U S Naval Academy duty with the 6th Marines in San Diego and the 4th Marines in China 1937 39 completion of the Junior School Quantico Virginia 1940 and an assignment with the 1st Marine Brigade FMF later the 1st Marine Division While stationed as an observer in Shanghai during the Second Sino Japanese War in 1937 Krulak took photographs with a telephoto lens of a ramp bowed landing boat that the Japanese had been using Recognizing the potential use of such a craft by the U S armed forces Krulak sent details and photographs back to Washington but discovered years later that they had been filed away as having come from some nut out in China Krulak built a model of the Japanese boat design and discussed the retractable ramp approach with boat builder Andrew Higgins who incorporated elements of Krulak s input into the Landing Craft Vehicle Personnel LCVP or Higgins boat which played critical roles in the Normandy Landings and amphibious assaults in the Pacific 5 World War II Edit At the outbreak of World War II Krulak was a captain serving as aide to General Holland M Smith the commanding general Amphibious Corps Atlantic Fleet He volunteered for parachute training and on completion of training he was ordered to the Pacific area as commander of the 2nd Parachute Battalion 1st Marine Amphibious Corps He went into action at Vella Lavella with the 2nd New Zealand Brigade As a lieutenant colonel in the fall of 1943 he earned the Navy Cross and the Purple Heart on Choiseul Island where his battalion staged a week long diversionary raid to cover the Bougainville invasion 5 Later he joined the newly formed 6th Marine Division and took part in the Okinawa campaign and the surrender of Japanese forces in the China area earning the Legion of Merit with V device for valor and the Bronze Star The Navy Cross is presented to Victor H Krulak Lieutenant Colonel U S Marine Corps for extraordinary heroism as Commanding Officer of the Second Battalion First Marine Parachute Regiment during operations on Choiseul Island Solomon Islands October 28 to November 3 1943 Assigned the task of diverting hostile attention from the movements of our main attack force en route to Empress Augusta Bay Bougainville Island Lieutenant Colonel Krulak landed at Choiseul and daringly directed the attack of his battalion against the Japanese destroying hundreds of tons of supplies and burning camps and landing barges Although wounded during the assault on October 30 he repeatedly refused to relinquish his command and with dauntless courage and tenacious devotion to duty continued to lead his battalion against the numerically superior Japanese forces His brilliant leadership and indomitable fighting spirit assured the success of this vital mission and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service Navy Cross citation 6 The navy PT boat PT 59 captained by John F Kennedy helped evacuate Krulak s force from Choiseul at the end of the operation In response Krulak promised Kennedy a bottle of whiskey which he delivered almost 20 years later when Kennedy was serving as President of the United States 7 After the war Krulak returned to the United States and served as assistant director of the Senior School at Marine Corps Base Quantico and later as regimental commander of the 5th Marines at Camp Pendleton Korean War Edit He was serving as assistant chief of staff G 3 Fleet Marine Force Pacific when the Korean War erupted and subsequently served in Korea as chief of staff 1st Marine Division earning a second Legion of Merit with Combat V and Air Medal From 1951 to 1955 Krulak served at Headquarters Marine Corps as Secretary of the General Staff then rejoined Fleet Marine Force Pacific as chief of staff 1956 to 1959 Edit In July 1956 he was promoted to brigadier general and designated assistant commander 3rd Marine Division on Okinawa From 1957 to 1959 he served as director Marine Corps Educational Center Quantico He was promoted to major general in November 1959 and the following month assumed command of the Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego Vietnam War Edit See also Krulak Mendenhall mission Lt Gen Krulak in a training exercise at Camp Pendleton May 7 1964 From 1962 to 1964 Krulak served as special assistant for counter insurgency activities Organization of the Joint Chiefs of Staff for which he was presented a third Legion of Merit for exceptional meritorious service by General Maxwell D Taylor Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff During this period American military advisors were providing assistance to the South Vietnamese in their war against the Viet Cong In September 1963 then Major General Krulak and Joseph Mendenhall a senior Foreign Service officer led a fact finding mission to learn about the progress of the war Krulak said that the situation was very good and supported President Ngo Dinh Diem while Mendenhall claimed the opposite leading Kennedy to famously ask the pair if they had visited the same country In late December 1963 the new president Lyndon B Johnson ordered an interdepartmental group to be headed by Krulak with the purpose of studying OPLAN 34A and selecting from it those targets the United States could hit in North Vietnam with the least amount of risk to its people This was in keeping with the administration s policy of graduated pressure on the North Vietnamese 8 Krulak inspecting Marines from First Air Naval Gunfire Liaison Company in Hawaii April 1965 On March 1 1964 Krulak was designated Commanding General Fleet Marine Force Pacific and promoted to lieutenant general For the next four years Krulak was responsible for all Fleet Marine Force units in the Pacific including some 54 trips to the Vietnam theater Many sources including Coram 2010 report that the Chu Lai base which commenced in May 1965 was named after Krulak s own Chinese name 9 At the beginning of the war Krulak put forward the Spreading Inkblot Theory This promoted a spreading inkblot of small units actions to pacify South Vietnam village by village When large enemy units were encountered then General Westmoreland s overwhelming firepower should be employed He also called for intensive bombing of North Vietnam and mining of Haiphong Harbor Krulak s plans were eventually rejected as Westmoreland favored hammering the enemy into submission through superior firepower and the Johnson administration feared relentless bombing of the North would provoke Soviet and Chinese intervention 10 Krulak opposed the establishment of the Khe Sanh Combat Base 11 Krulak hoped to become the next Commandant of the Marine Corps but in 1967 Lyndon B Johnson selected Leonard F Chapman Jr As a result Krulak retired on June 1 1968 receiving a Navy Distinguished Service Medal for his performance during that period 11 Military historian Robert Coram states that it was Krulak s comments to President Johnson criticizing the restraints placed on American military operations in Vietnam that resulted in Johnson s selection of Chapman over Krulak 7 General Krulak s son Charles C Krulak eventually became the 31st Commandant of the Marine Corps serving from 1995 to 1999 Medals and decorations Edit Krulak s medals and decorations include Badge Navy Marine Corps Parachutist Insignia1st row Navy Cross Navy Distinguished Service Medal2nd row Legion of Merit w 2 award stars amp valor device Bronze Star with V device Purple Heart Air Medal3rd row Navy Presidential Unit Citation w 3 service stars China Service Medal w 1 service star American Defense Service Medal w Base clasp American Campaign Medal4th row Asiatic Pacific Campaign Medal w 3 service stars World War II Victory Medal Navy Occupation Service Medal National Defense Service Medal w 1 service star5th row Korean Service Medal w 4 service stars Vietnam Service Medal w service star Order of Service Merit Second Class National Order of Vietnam Commander6th row Vietnam Gallantry Cross w palm Korean Presidential Unit Citation United Nations Korea Medal Vietnam Campaign MedalBadge Rifle Expert Marksmanship Badge Pistol Expert Marksmanship BadgeStrategic vehicle advocacy EditKrulak was an early advocate of using helicopters as attack platforms He was also instrumental in the development of Higgins boats which enabled beach landings of men and material in World War II 12 Post military career EditAfter retiring from the Marine Corps Krulak worked for Copley Newspapers including serving as president of Copley News Service and vice president of Copley Press He retired from Copley in 1977 though he continued to contribute to their news service 13 Krulak also wrote a number of books including the iconic Marine Corps history First to Fight 14 Krulak was a personal friend of Ronald Reagan They wrote each other regularly 15 In retirement Krulak was active in community organizations as well as participating in Marine Corps activities He served as president and trustee of the Zoological Society of San Diego 16 His wife Amy died in 2004 11 On December 29 2008 Lieutenant General Krulak died at age 95 in San Diego California 14 17 He was survived by his three sons retired Marine Corps Commandant General Charles Krulak Reverend Victor Krulak Commander Navy Chaplain Corps Reverend William Krulak Colonel USMCR four grandchildren and 10 great grandchildren 16 Krulak s funeral was held on January 8 2009 in the chapel at MCAS Miramar with burial at Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery 16 Honors EditIn 2004 Lieutenant General Krulak was the recipient of the U S Naval Academy s Distinguished Graduate award which honors alumni who have provided a lifetime of service to the nation or armed forces have made significant and distinguished contributions to the nation via their public service and have demonstrated a strong interest in supporting the Navy or Marine Corps and the United States Naval Academy These individuals are the embodiment of the Naval Academy s mission to provide graduates who will be ready to assume the highest responsibilities of command citizenship and government 18 In 2007 at the Marine Corps Association s first annual banquet Secretary of Defense Robert Gates recounted the story of Krulak s time in China and his career 19 Krulak s was of course a legendary career Navy Cross counterinsurgency advisor to the Joint Staff commander of the Fleet Marines in the Pacific during the Vietnam War and father of a future Marine Commandant Chuck Krulak Victor Krulak s story and accomplishments teach us a good deal About learning from the experiences and setbacks of the past About being open to take ideas and inspiration from wherever they come and About overcoming conventional wisdom and bureaucratic obstacles thrown in one s path His book First to Fight won the 1984 Samuel Eliot Morison Award for Naval Literature 20 21 The Brute Krulak Center for Innovation and Creativity BKCIC at the Marine Corps University is named after Victor Krulak Published works EditFirst to Fight View of the U S Marines Simon amp Schuster 1991 ISBN 0 671 73012 6 Panama An Assessment U S Strategic Institute 1990 ISBN 0 913187 03 8 Organization for National Security A Study U S Strategic Institute 1983 ISBN 0 913187 00 3 References Edit Krulak Victor Harold Encyclopedia com www encyclopedia com Appendix D Krulak Letter Re Dealey Plaza Photos And Lansdale Identity Understanding Special Operations ratical org Prominent Marines Marine Corps Legacy Museum Archived from the original on July 10 2006 Retrieved July 11 2006 Garner Dwight November 9 2010 Robert Coram s Brute Recalls Gen Victor Krulak Review The New York Times a b Goldstein Richard Victor H Krulak Marine Behind U S Landing Craft Dies at 95 The New York Times January 4 2009 Retrieved January 5 2009 Navy Cross Awards to members of the U S Marines in World War II HomeOfHeroes com Archived from the original on August 29 2006 Retrieved July 11 2006 a b Liewer Steve Brute Krulak Commemorated San Diego Union Tribune January 9 2009 McMaster H R 1997 Dereliction of Duty Lyndon Johnson Robert McNamara The Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Lies that Led to Vietnam New York NY HarperCollins ISBN 0 06 018795 6 Willis Bud Marble Mountain A Vietnam Memoir 2010 Page 359 Krulak named Chu Lai after himself having been the General who first flew over the area and selected the site There were no towns nearby just a wide open area so he called it Chu Lai which means Krulak in Mandarin Chinese From the book Brute by Robert Coram 2010 Crocker 2006 365 a b c Perry Tony Victor H Krulak 1913 2008 Los Angeles Times December 31 2008 p B6 Miller Stephen January 3 2009 Military Innovator Who Sought New Approach to Battle in Vietnam Wall Street Journal Gonzalez Blanca Marine Corps legend Gen Victor Krulak dies at 95 San Diego Union Tribune December 30 2008 Archived from the original a b Perry Tony December 31 2008 Victor H Krulak dies at 95 retired Marine lieutenant general Los Angeles Times Retrieved December 31 2008 Skinner Kiron K Anderson Annelise Anderson Martin eds 2004 Reagan A Life In Letters New York New York Free Press pp 122 308 320 330 etc ISBN 978 0743219679 a b c Gonzalez Blanca December 30 2008 Marine Corps legend Gen Victor Krulak dies at 95 San Diego Union Tribune Retrieved January 3 2009 Marine legend Lieutenant General Victor Krulak dies Marine Corps Times Associated Press December 31 2008 Archived from the original on February 23 2012 Retrieved December 31 2008 Kurz Laura 2004 2004 Distinguished Graduate Award Recipients Honored Shipmate Magazine U S Naval Academy Alumni Association and Foundation Archived from the original on May 9 2006 Retrieved July 11 2006 Marine Corps Association Annual Dinner Arlington VA Remarks as by Secretary of Defense Robert M Gates July 18 2007 Retrieved December 19 2007 Latest NOUS Awards Naval Order of the United States Retrieved December 23 2017 Previous Morison Book Awards Naval Order of the United States New York Commandery Retrieved December 23 2017 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps Further reading EditCrocker H W 2006 Don t Tread on me A 400 year history of America at War from Indian Fighting to Terrorist Hunting Crown Forum ISBN 1 4000 5363 3 Krulak Victor H 1983 Organization for National Security Cambridge Massachusetts United States Strategic Institute ISBN 0 913187 00 3 Krulak Victor H 1984 First to Fight An Inside View of the U S Marine Corps Annapolis Maryland Naval Institute Press ISBN 0 87021 785 2 This book is on the Chief of Naval Operations Professional Reading List and the Commandant of the Marine Corps Reading List Chapin Captain John C USMCR Retired 1997 Diversionary Landings Top of the Ladder Marine Operations in the Northern Solomons Marines in World War II Commemorative Series Marine Corps Historical Center United States Marines Corps Retrieved July 11 2006 CS1 maint multiple names authors list link Coram Robert 2010 Brute The Life of Victor Krulak U S Marine Little Brown amp Co ISBN 978 0 316 75846 8 Hove Duane T 2003 American Warriors Five Presidents in the Pacific Theater of World War II Burd Street Press ISBN 1 57249 307 0 Miller Stephen January 3 2009 Military Innovator Who Sought New Approach to Battle in Vietnam Victor H Krulak 1913 2008 Wall Street Journal Retrieved January 3 2009 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Victor Krulak Lieutenant General Victor H Krulak Sr Deceased USMC General Officer amp Senior Executives Biographies United States Marine Corps Archived from the original on October 1 2011 Retrieved January 23 2009 Lieutenant General Victor H Krulak USMC Deceased Who s Who in the Marine Corps History History Division United States Marine Corps Archived from the original on May 16 2011 Retrieved January 3 2008 Rholes LCpl Ryan January 8 2009 Marine Corps legend Brute Krulak passes away at age 95 Marine Corps Air Station Miramar Public Affairs United States Marine Corps Archived from the original on January 16 2009 Retrieved January 23 2009 Victor Harold Brute Krulak at Find a GraveMilitary officesPreceded byCarson A Roberts Commanding General of the Fleet Marine Force Pacific March 1 1964 June 1 1968 Succeeded by Henry W Buse Jr Preceded byBruno Hochmuth Commanding General of the MCRD San Diego December 1 1959 February 14 1962 Succeeded by Sidney S WadePreceded byBankson T Holcomb Jr Commanding Officer of the 5th Marine Regiment October 1 1949 June 9 1950 Succeeded by Raymond L Murray Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Victor H Krulak amp oldid 1053978239, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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