fbpx
Wikipedia

Vietnam Airlines

Not to be confused with Air Vietnam, a defunct South Vietnamese carrier.

Vietnam Airlines (Vietnamese: Hãng Hàng không Quốc gia Việt Nam, lit. 'Vietnam National Airlines') is the flag carrier of Vietnam. The airline was founded in 1956 and later established as a state-owned enterprise in April 1989. Vietnam Airlines is headquartered in Long Biên District, Hanoi, with hubs at Noi Bai International Airport and Tan Son Nhat International Airport. The airline flies to 64 destinations in 17 countries, excluding codeshared services.

Vietnam Airlines
Hãng Hàng không Quốc gia Việt Nam
IATA ICAO Callsign
VN HVN VIET NAM AIRLINES
Founded15 January 1956; 65 years ago (1956-01-15) (as Vietnam Civil Aviation)
Hubs
Secondary hubs
Focus cities
Frequent-flyer programLotuSmiles
AllianceSkyTeam
Subsidiaries
Fleet size103
Destinations64
Headquarters200 Nguyễn Sơn, Bồ Đề ward, Long Biên district, Hanoi, Vietnam
Key people
  • Lê Hồng Hà(President & CEO)
  • Đặng Ngọc Hoà(Chairman)
Revenue40,613 billion VNĐ(2020)
Net income-4.97 trillion VNĐ [$216 million](Q1 2021)
Websitewww.vietnamairlines.com

From its inception until the early 1990s, Vietnam Airlines was a minor carrier within the aviation industry as it was hampered by a variety of factors including the socio-economic and political situation of the country. With the government's normalization of relations with the United States, the airline was able to expand, improve its products and services, and modernize its ageing fleet. In 1996, the Vietnamese government brought together 20 service companies to form Vietnam Airlines Corporation, with the airline itself as the centrepiece. In 2010, the corporation was restructured into a limited liability company and renamed Vietnam Airlines Company Limited. A seven-seat management board, members of which are appointed by the Vietnamese Prime Minister, oversees the company.

As passenger transport constitutes its core activity, Vietnam Airlines plays a crucial role in the economic development of the country. It owns 100% of Vietnam Air Service Company – a regional airline in southern Vietnam and 70% of the low-cost carrier Pacific Airlines. In addition, the corporation earns revenue from airline catering and the maintenance and overhauling of aircraft through a number of its subsidiaries, including Vietnam Airlines Engineering Company and Vietnam Airlines Caterers. The company has also diversified its investments in the aircraft-leasing and airport ground-servicing industries, and is looking to manufacture aircraft components. It controls and operates a cargo division, Vietnam Airlines Cargo.

Vietnam Airlines became a member of SkyTeam in June 2010, making it the first Southeast Asian carrier to have joined that alliance. As of July 2016, the State's stake in Vietnam Airlines is 86.16%, All Nippon Airways holds 8.77%, as the parent company (ANA Holdings) has successfully purchased a cost of US$109 million, becoming a strategic shareholder of the national flag carrier

Contents

Beginnings

Vietnam Civil Aviation Ilyushin Il-14

Vietnam Airlines has its origins in January 1956 (1956-01), when it was established by the North Vietnamese government under the name Vietnam Civil Aviation following the nationalization of Gia Lam Airport. It was instituted after the government signed the Decree No. 666/TTg. The airline was created as part of the air force for civilian purposes with support from both the Soviet Union and China; initially, its fleet consisted of two Lisunov Li-2s that were later replaced by two Ilyushin Il-14 and three Aero Ae-45s. This was due to an embargo that prohibited the airline from leasing and/or buying American technology or components.

The airline's development and expansion was seriously hampered by the Vietnam War (1954–1975). Following the war, its first international destination was Beijing, followed by Vientiane in 1976. During that year, the airline was known as General Department of Civil Aviation in Vietnam, and began full operations; it carried around 21,000 passengers, one-third of whom were on international flights, and 3,000 tonnes (6,600,000 lb) of cargo. In 1978, another important destination of Vietnam Airlines was added, with flights offered to Bangkok. The late 1980s and early 1990s saw the expansion of the network to Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur, Manila and Singapore.

A Vietnam Airlines Tupolev Tu-134 at Don Mueang International Airport in 1992.

In 1990, the company initiated discussions regarding the incorporation of Western-built aircraft into the fleet. Later that year, however, the carrier had to cancel the acquisition of two Airbus A310s due to their use of US-manufactured engines. By July 1991 (1991-07), the airline struck a wet-lease agreement with Dutch lessor TransAvia. The aircraft involved was a Boeing 737-300, that arrived in Vietnam Airlines' livery. However, the aircraft was returned after the U.S. State Department pressured the Dutch lessor to remove the aircraft from Vietnam. Subsequently, Vietnam Airlines organized a similar but more complicated deal with TEA Basle, who spent the rest of 1991 negotiating a deal with US authorities. Eventually, a solution stating that "[the Boeing 737] must be positioned outside Vietnam, with no logo or lettering of Vietnam Airlines. On these conditions, it could operate on behalf of Vietnam Airlines" was reached.: 26 In December 1991 (1991-12), Cathay Pacific and Vietnam Airlines agreed on a 50–50 joint venture to operate between Hong Kong and Vietnam, as the airline's Tupolev Tu-134 fleet did not meet Kai Tak Airport's noise restrictions.

In October 1992 (1992-10), the Boeing 737 was supplemented with an Airbus A310.: 26 However, a dispute with Bulgarian Jes Air over who should pay for the repairs after the aircraft sustained an engine failure led to its replacement with another A310 from GATX, also operated by Jes Air.: 26–27 A similar dispute with United Technologies encouraged the airline to switch from Airbus to Boeing. Hence, a Boeing 767-200ER, leased from Ansett Worldwide Aviation Services (AWAS), arrived in January 1993, and a Royal Brunei Airlines Boeing 767-300ER, arrived the following year. In October 1993, the first Airbus A320-200 was incorporated over a two-year wet-lease contract with Air France. Vietnam Airlines by now had started discussions with Air France about a partnership, and the French carrier agreed to lease its Airbuses to Vietnam Airlines, and also to provide customer support and pilot/crew training.: 31 By that time the route network had further expanded internationally, seeing the incorporation of destinations such as Paris, Tokyo, Seoul, Taipei, Sydney, and Melbourne. In 1993, the airline carried 1.06 million passengers, 418,000 of whom were on international flights.

New enterprise: 1993–2006

Vietnam Airlines' former logo. In October 2002, the airline introduced the current golden lotus identity to coincide with the delivery of the Boeing 777 in 2003.

The airline became the flag carrier of Vietnam in 1993, after having completed a restructuring programme that was started four years earlier. In that year, the airline split from the Civil Aviation Administration of Vietnam (CAAV) and became a state enterprise.: 30 The move was similar to the reorganization of the Chinese CAAC Airlines into several regional airlines in 1987. Despite the fact that the airline gained some independence from the CAAV, it was still known as Civil Aviation Administration of Vietnam within the 1993–1996 period.

In February 1994 (1994-02), US President Bill Clinton lifted the trade embargo to allow Vietnam Airlines the ability to acquire Western-built aircraft.: 26 Consequently, Vietnam Airlines announced in April of the same year that it would be phasing out its inefficient Soviet planes. By April 1995 (1995-04), the fleet consisted of nine Airbus A320s (all of them leased from Air France), 11 Antonov An-24s, four ATR72s, two Boeing 707-300s, three Ilyushin Il-18s, nine Tupolev Tu-134s and three Yakovlev Yak-40s; at this time the route network comprised 14 domestic destinations (including Ban Me Thuot, Da Nang, Dien Bien Phu, Hue, Nha Trang, Phu Quoc and Pleiku) and 16 international destinations (including Bangkok, Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur and Singapore).: 80 On 27 May 1995 (1995-05-27), the airline, along with a number of other aviation-related businesses, were incorporated to establish Vietnam Airlines Corporation. Two Fokker 70s were purchased in mid-1995 forUS$50 million; they were aimed at partly replacing the Tu-134 fleet on domestic routes as well as at serving as VIP transport. In December 1995 (1995-12), discussions with GECAS for the lease of three additional, second-hand Boeing 767-300ERs were under way; these ex-Continental Airlines aircraft would act as a replacement for wet-leased Boeing 767 aircraft (three -300ERs and one -200ER leased from AWAS and Royal Brunei) in the fleet.

In September 1996 (1996-09), Vietnam Airlines started offering business class services and in 1999, the airline launched its frequent-flyer program, Golden Lotus Plus; During 1996, Vietnam Airlines looked for aircraft which would substitute the A320s wet-leased from Air France when the deal was over. Apart from acquiring further A320s, the airline considered Boeing 737s and McDonnell Douglas MD-90s. In February 1996 (1996-02), GECAS delivered the first of three Boeing 767-300ER to the carrier, on dry-lease for five years. In October the same year, two Boeing 767-300ERs and a Boeing 767-200, on lease from AWAS and Royal Brunei Airlines, respectively, were returned to the lessors, but in early 1997 another Boeing 767-300ER was phased in on a one-year lease from AWAS. With its freedom to operate Western-built aircraft, Vietnam Airlines considered the acquisition of long-haul aircraft to better service Vietnamese living overseas. The Airbus A340, Boeing 747 and the McDonnell Douglas MD-11 were topics of discussion. Meanwhile, two Fokker 70s were acquired in May and July to replace the twelve Tupolev Tu-134s.: 31 On 3 September 1997, the crash of a Tupolev Tu-134B, on approach to Phnom Penh's Pochentong Airport in bad weather, resulted in more than 60 fatalities.

A Vietnam Airlines Boeing 767-300ER on short final to Kuala Lumpur International Airport in 2003. The aircraft is wearing one of the former liveries.
The carrier's first B777-200ER, reg. VN-A141

A new livery was introduced in early 1998, initially unveiled on a Boeing 767. In December 2001 (2001-12), Vietnam Airlines signed a historic agreement with Boeing for the acquisition of its first ever US-built aircraft, signalling the start of trade under the Bilateral Trade Agreement between the two countries. The deal involved four Boeing 777-200ERs. The transaction was valued atUS$680 million; the first aircraft was initially scheduled for delivery in 2003. These four aircraft, along with six others of the same type that are leased from International Lease Finance Corporation (ILFC), are the flagships of the airline, and serve on medium and long-haul routes, respectively.[needs update] During that year, the airline carried 3.4 million passengers, 1.9 million of whom were on domestic flights; flights to Beijing resumed and services to Kunming were launched. During 2002, Vietnam Airlines considered a lease offer from Airbus for two Airbus A340-300s. On 4 September 2003, a landmark ceremony celebrated the airline's receipt of its first Boeing 777-200ER purchased outright from Boeing. On 28 October, the airline decided to move its operations in Moscow from Sheremetyevo International Airport to Domodedovo International Airport.

In June 2005 (2005-06), Vietnam Airlines ordered four Boeing 787-8s. Twelve additional 787-8s were ordered in late 2007, some of them to be directly acquired from the company, and the rest to be purchased by the carrier's subsidiary Vietnam Aircraft Leasing Company (VALC). These new aircraft were to allow Vietnam Airlines to expand its network and replace some leased aircraft. Regarding the delays from Boeing, CEO Pham Ngoc Minh remarked in September 2009 (2009-09), "We are not happy about the constant delays. It affects our business plan. We expected to get our planes in 2009, then 2010, and now nobody can confirm to us which is the exact delivery date. I can be patient but it gives us a lot of headaches." In 2010 the airline switched its Boeing 787 order from the–8 to the–9 model, stating that 787-8s did not meet all the requirements Boeing initially promised; it is expected the airline will receive its first aircraft of the type in 2015.

On 20 June 2005, the airline launched direct services to Frankfurt after having discontinued services to Berlin. It came after the 2004–2005 period when travel between the two countries soared 70%. The following year, Vietnam Airlines was admitted into IATA. As part of the move, Vietnam Airlines had to meet the association's IOSA safety standards.

Expansion: 2007–current

A Vietnam Airlines Airbus A321-231 featuring SkyTeam livery. The type have been the carrier's main workhorse in the last decade.

According to a number of newspaper reports in 2007, the Vietnamese government planned to partly privatize Vietnam Airlines. In the plan, the government considered selling 20–30% of the airline's stake to outsiders, with the government holding the balance. This was a small part of a bigger proposal by the government to privatize its state-owned companies, due to be completed by 2010. Vietnam authorized the plan the following year; however, the plan was not carried out as the airline missed its deadline scheduled by the government, which was arranged for 2010, due to the Global Financial Crisis.

On 1 October 2007, the airline and VALC signed a memorandum of understanding for the purchase of ten Airbus A350 XWBs, and 20 additional Airbus A321s. The Airbus A350s will supplement the Boeing 787s already ordered by the airline. This single order will result in Vietnam Airlines becoming one of the largest Airbus operators in Asia. The two companies also ordered five extra ATR 72-500s in December 2007 (2007-12).

Vietnam was chosen as the host of Miss World's 60th contest in 2008. As the country's national airline, Vietnam Airlines was selected as the sponsoring airline for the beauty pageant. Therefore, it was tasked the job of managing all the transport matters for the contest, to be carried out during September and October, just before the beginning of the competition. However, it was later decided to carry out the event in Sanya, China, following speculations of Vietnam withdrawing. In August 2008 (2008-08), Vietnam Airlines added Nagoya, the airline's fourth point served in Japan besides Fukuoka, Osaka and Tokyo, to the route network.

In 2009, Vietnam Airlines and the Government of Cambodia established a joint-venture, having 49% and 51% stockholding, respectively, with the goal of boosting tourism in Cambodia. The joint-venture was a new Cambodian national airline named Cambodia Angkor Air, which started flying in July the same year, using ATR-72 aircraft; an Airbus A321 joined the fleet in September. Also in 2009, the carrier signed a deal for another 16 Airbus A321s plus two Airbus A350s, during the Paris Air Show. In addition, Vietnam Airlines launched a new bilingual website in October to simplify bookings and adopted a new passenger service system designed by IT provider Sabre Airline Solutions.

A Vietnam Airlines Boeing 787-10 Dreamliner at Sydney Airport.

On 26 August 2010, the airline teamed up with Boeing during the unveiling of its interior modernization programme to increase passenger comfort. From late September to early October, Vietnam Airlines discounted up to 85% of its 90,000 fares to celebrate Thang Long-Hanoi's 1000th anniversary. In November 2010, the airline awarded Honeywell aUS$100 million contract to retrofit the Airbus A321s' aircraft flight systems, which is calculated to save Vietnam AirlinesUS$10,000 per aircraft per year.

In January 2011 (2011-01), plans were announced by the airline to re-initiate an initial public offering (IPO) by the end of 2012; an earlier attempt was stalled by the 2007–2010 financial crisis.[citation needed] Scheduled for mid-2014 after several delays, the IPO and subsequent share-offerings will supply the funds to expand Vietnam Airlines' fleet and network. With the company valued atUS$1.5 billion, the government plans to initially keep 75% of the shares. The IPO plan was submitted to the Vietnamese Ministry of Transport in June 2014 (2014-06). Scheduled to commence on 14 November 2014 (2014-11-14), the IPO has already received two submissions from foreign companies, yet their names have not been disclosed. The corporation will be restructured by 2015 to bring it in line with other state-owned enterprises and to shift its focus away from non-core businesses. Following restructuring, the airline group will consist of Vietnam Airlines itself, as well as three carriers; in total, the corporation will comprise 26 independently audited companies.

In February 2012 (2012-02), Vietnam Airlines boosted its stake in the low-cost carrier Jetstar Pacific Airlines to 70%, with Qantas holding the balance. The Vietnamese flag carrier was the major shareholder in Vietnam's second largest airline, but its stake had been transferred to the Ministry of Finance, and subsequently to the Vietnamese State Capital Investment Corporation (SCIC). The carrier's takeover of SCIC's stake in Jetstar Pacific will capitalise the low-cost carrier withUS$27 million, an amount that will be directed towards fleet renewal. In late April 2012 (2012-04), the aircraft lessor ALC announced the placement of an order for eight Boeing 787-9s, which will be leased to Vietnam Airlines; deliveries are expected to start in 2017. In late May 2012 (2012-05), the carrier signed an agreement with Vietnam's Eximbank for a loan worthUS$100 million, which the carrier will use to finance the acquisition of four Airbus A321s; a furtherUS$100 million was loaned in April 2013 to finance the purchase of eight Boeing 787s. In a deal valued atUS$1.7 billion, Vietnam Airlines signed a contract with General Electric in October 2013 (2013-10) for 40 engines to power the Boeing 787 aircraft the airline has on order. In July 2014 (2014-07), a new route to Tokyo-Haneda from Hanoi was introduced. Vietnam Airlines received its first Airbus A350-900 in late June 2015 (2015-06), becoming the second operator of the type worldwide after Qatar Airways. In August 2015 (2015-08), the airline's first Boeing 787-9 entered the fleet. In November 2018, the carrier took ownership of its first Airbus A321neo. Vietnam Airlines' participation in Cambodia Angkor Airlines ended in April 2020 when all the shares were sold to an undisclosed buyer.

As it is expected to be operating 110 aircraft in 2020, Vietnam Airlines is aiming to become the second-largest full-service carrier in Southeast Asia. The airline is interested in launching services to the United States, where more than 1.2 million Vietnamese reside. Such plans were confirmed in December 2003, but was postponed because Vietnam was not yet part of Federal Aviation Administration's International Aviation Safety Assessment Program. Vietnam was granted FAA Category 1 rating in February 2019 with Vietnam Airlines also granted a US Department of Transportation foreign air carrier permit in September 2019, however concerns remain regarding the route profitability. Vietnam Airlines also considered "opening new routes such as Ho Chi Minh City/Hanoi, Vietnam–London; Ho Chi Minh City/Hanoi–Shanghai/Beijing, China; Ho Chi Minh City–Mumbai; Ho Chi Minh City–Brisbane; and Ho Chi Minh City–Doha", according to CEO Pham Ngoc Minh in 2008.

From 2015, Vietnam Airlines began to serve London Heathrow with its brand new Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner.

While the airline had launched flights to London-Gatwick, Beijing and Shanghai, as of April 2018 there are no flights to Mumbai, Doha, and Brisbane. The airline also plans to re-open flights to Berlin, and commence flights to Adelaide, Perth, Amsterdam, Milan, Prague, Mandalay, Dalian, Nanjing, Hangzhou and African cities; by 2020, Vietnam Airlines is expected to serve 53 international destinations, up from 27 in 2011. By 2020, Vietnam Airlines plans to increase its annual revenue to US$7 billion – up from $1.86 billion in 2010 – by carrying 620,000 tonnes of cargo and 35 million passengers, using a fleet of 163 aircraft (later revised to 41 million passengers using 170 aircraft). It aims to capture a 45% market share of Vietnam's aviation market. During its first 15 years of operation, from 1996 to 2010, Vietnam Airlines carried a total of 82 million passengers on 678,550 flights. In addition, Vietnam Airlines plans to transfer most of its international operations from its current hub, Tan Son Nhat International Airport, to the proposed Long Thanh International Airport. With a cost of approximately US$6 billion, the airport will, according to Vietnamese authorities, help Vietnam Airlines boost its operations internationally as it seeks to bypass Thailand as the dominant gateway to the Greater Mekong region. London operations were transferred from Gatwick to Heathrow in 2015; the airline plans to operate its new Boeing 787-9 aircraft to this destination, starting from July 2015 (2015-07).

Vietnam Airlines JSC
Native name
Tổng Công Ty Hàng Không Việt Nam
TypeGovernment-owned Joint-stock company
HVN
IndustryAirline industry
Founded1996 (with roots tracing back to 1954)
HeadquartersLong Bien District, Hanoi, Vietnam
Area served
Asia, Europe, North America and Oceania
Key people
  • Pham Viet Thanh (Chairman)
  • Pham Ngoc Minh (President & CEO)
  • Nguyen Van Hung (Executive Vice President & Director)
ServicesAircraft maintenance and overhaul, catering, cargo and passenger transport
Number of employees
10,929 (airline only)
Websitewww.vietnamairlines.com

Vietnam Airlines Company Limited is a joint-stock company wholly owned by the government of Vietnam, having been restructured from Vietnam Airlines Corporation in June 2010.: 5 Its role is to provide economic gains to the country, as its tasks, in addition to scheduled passenger and cargo transport, include "responsibility towards labor, contribution to the state budget, and providing chartered flights", according to former CEO Dao Manh Nhung. The airline is headed and overseen by a seven-seat management team, members of which are selected by the Prime Minister of Vietnam. As of July 2015[update], Pham Viet Thanh was the chairman of the company, whereas Pham Ngoc Minh was the President and CEO, as of March 2014[update]. As of March 2014[update], the airline branch of the corporation had 10,929 employees. The airline is headquartered in the Long Bien District of Hanoi; previously it was headquartered at Gia Lam Airport in Gia Lam, Hanoi.

Training

In 2009, the airline, Airbus and ESMA Aviation Academy created Bay Viet Flight Training Company to train pilots in the country, with the expectation that up to 100 trainees would graduate annually. In October 2010, the company planned to train 60 pilots in Vietnam during 2011–2012. In 2010, Vietnam Airlines needed 636 pilots, 60% of whom were Vietnamese. It planned to raise that figure it to 75% by 2015, meaning there will be at least 100 new recruits each year from 2010 until 2015. Vietnam Airlines also contracts CAE Global Academy Phoenix in Arizona, United States, to train its cadets.

Financial performance

Pham Ngoc Minh, President and CEO of Vietnam Airlines during the World Economic Forum in Ho Chi Minh City.

Vietnam Airlines has enjoyed an average of 37% increase in passengers flown per year until 1997, when the Asian Financial Crisis and other contributing causes led to a loss in profits for the airline. Nevertheless, the airline remained profitable throughout the crisis. In 1996, the airline carried 2.5 million passengers, up 18% from 1995. The airline carried more than 4 million passengers in 2002, which is an 18% increase over the previous year. Its cargo traffic also climbed 20% during the same period, resulting in a 2002 profit of US$35.77 million.

Despite the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak, the airline posted a US$26.2 million profit for 2003. In 2006, it carried 6.8 million passengers (3.7 million international) and earned revenue of nearly US$1.37 billion (first 11 months). Vietnam Airlines carried more than 9 million passengers, of which 4 million were international travellers in 2007, the year which saw the airline earning a gross profit of US$23 million from a revenue of US$1.23 billion. It also transported 115,100 tonnes of cargo. In 2009, the airline's revenue was US$1.3 billion, compared to US$1.56 billion it earned the previous year. During this period, Vietnam Airlines carried 9.3 million passengers. According to Anna.aero, Vietnam Airlines' passenger capacity for 2010 rose 30% over the same period of the previous year. This also coincided with the increase in capacity at Vietnamese airports, at 21%. In 2012, the company's total revenue totalled US$2.4 billion, with profits totalling US$3.3 million. The following year, the carrier posted aUS$25 million gross profit.

Vietnam Airlines held about 40% of the market share of international passengers flying to and from Vietnam in February 2012. At the time, Vietnam Airlines controlled 77% share of the domestic aviation market, with 14% covered by Jetstar Pacific. As of December 2012, Vietnam Airlines controlled just below 70% of the domestic market share.

In July 2021, it was announced that Vietnam Airlines employees can buy 70 million shares as strategic shareholder ANA Holdings transferred 70 million shares to 15,100 employees of the Vietnam Airlines Group.

Subsidiaries and affiliates

A Vietnam Airlines Boeing 777-200ER being catered by Vietnam Air Caterers (since renamed Vietnam Airlines Caterers) at Tan Son Nhat International Airport

Vietnam Airlines has at least 20 subsidiaries and affiliates. By the end of its restructuring in 2015, the company will have offloaded its stakes in more than 10 enterprises.

Company Type Principal activities Incorporated
in
Group's equity
shareholding
Vietnam Air Service Company Subsidiary Passenger transport Vietnam 100%
Vietnam Airlines Engineering Company Subsidiary Aircraft maintenance Vietnam 100%
Vietnam Airlines Caterers Subsidiary Catering Vietnam 100%
Noibai Catering Services Subsidiary Catering Vietnam 100%
Pacific Airlines Subsidiary Passenger transport Vietnam 98%
Vietnam Air Leasing Company Joint venture Aircraft leasing Vietnam 20%

Aircraft maintenance and production

Vietnam Airlines is increasingly becoming involved in the maintenance, overhauling, and production of aircraft. Maintenance works are carried out by Vietnam Airlines Engineering Company (VAECO), that was established on 1 January 2009. VAECO was organized mainly upon the amalgamation of the A75 and A76 aircraft maintenance bases.: 93 VAECO carries out maintenance and technical services for Vietnam Airlines as well as for other airlines. The establishment of this company opens a new era to the aircraft maintenance field in Vietnam. As of 2013, VAECO was capable of performing a wide range of maintenance on many different aircraft types; this includes C-checks for the Boeing 777, Airbus A330, Airbus A320 and Airbus A321; and D-checks, the most thorough of all maintenance procedures, which are carried out on the ATR 72 and Fokker 70.

In addition to its self maintenance facilities, Vietnam Airlines also has maintenance contracts with other airlines and maintenance organisations.: 93

There are currently no production facilities in Vietnam for aircraft and spare parts. However, Boeing has managed to obtain 35% of the distribution market in Vietnam, and GE Aviation, in turn, supplies jet engines for the Boeing aircraft. For the future, conversely, Vietnam Airlines is planning to build a maintenance factory in conjunction with Rolls Royce and other companies. It has also signed a memorandum of understanding with EADS, a pan-European aerospace and defence corporation, that would let the corporation assemble and manufacture plane components in the future.

Vietnam Airlines has a network within East Asia, Southeast Asia, Europe and Oceania. With about 300 daily flights, the airline flies to 21 destinations domestically, and to 43 internationally. In addition, it has codeshare agreements with a number of airlines for other routes, some of which span to North America.

Tết flights

Vietnam Airlines have traditionally increased flights among Vietnamese cities to cater for the heavy demands brought by the annual Tết celebration. This busy period, which could fall anywhere from late January to mid-February, is Vietnam's most important celebration; hundreds of extra flights are scheduled by domestic airlines during this period to allow Vietnamese to return to their families, often in rural areas, to celebrate the occasion. In 2010, the airline increased its seat capacity from 45% to 120% on certain domestic routes. In 2011, it increased additional flights on ten routes, adding more than 100,000 seats. About 63,000 of these seats were between Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City. This represented a remarkable 41% increase against normal days. In 2013, the carrier added an extra 174,000 seats during the celebratory period, of which 82,000 seats were on the trunk route between its primary hubs.

Vietnam Airlines Airbus A350-941 in SkyTeam livery at Frankfurt Airport (2018)

Alliances

Vietnam Airlines joined SkyTeam on 10 June 2010 (2010-06-10).

Codeshare agreements

Vietnam Airlines has codeshare agreements with the following airlines:

Current

As of April 2021[update], Vietnam Airlines operates the following aircraft:

Vietnam Airlines fleet

Aircraft In service Orders Passengers[citation needed] Notes
C W Y Total
Airbus A320neo 2 5
TBA
Lease from ICBC Financial Leasing and ALC.
Airbus A321-200 50 16 162 178 One aircraft painted in SkyTeam livery.
16 168 184
8 195 203
Airbus A321neo 20 8 195 203
Airbus A350-900 14 29 45 231 305 MoU for 10 aircraft signed in September 2016.
29 36 240 305
ATR 72-500 2 66 66
Boeing 787-9 11 28 35 211 274
28 283 311
Boeing 787-10 4 4 23 343 366 Deliveries from 2019.
Total 103 9

Previously operated

A Vietnam Airlines Fokker 70 at Pochentong Airport in 2004.

Since its conception in 1956, the airline has operated a wide range of aircraft, including Soviet, American, and European aircraft. Due to having retired all Soviet-made planes, the airline currently uses Boeing, ATR, and Airbus aircraft. Vietnam Airlines had operated the following aircraft throughout its history:

Entertainment

On selected flights, Vietnam Airlines offers audio video on demand (AVOD) in-flight entertainment via personal televisions. Entertainment options consist of films, games, TV programmes and music. Vietnam Airlines offers two in-flight magazines, Heritage and Heritage Fashion, in addition to other reading material.[additional citation(s) needed]

Cabins

Business

Business class is the highest of three cabin classes offered by the airline. As is the case with business class cabins in most airlines, the amenities offered in this class are substantially different from economy class, and more services and products are available. On Boeing 777s, business class seats have a 160 cm (62 in) of leg room, and are able to recline with a pitch of 157°, depending on aircraft. Laid out in a 2–3–2 configuration, each seat is equipped with lumbar support and a 10.4 in (26 cm) personal touch screen, capable of delivering AVOD. Hot meals are offered on flights lasting longer than two hours.

Premium Economy

Vietnam Airlines' premium economy class has a wider seat width and legroom compared to Economy with 38–42 in (97–107 cm) of seat pitch and 7-8 inches of recline. This class is offered only on flights operated by Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner or Airbus A350-900. On every flight featuring Premium Economy, hot meals are served with an extensive menu of Vietnamese delicacies and popular world cuisine. Personal care bags with essential amenities are also provided. Premiere brand cosmetics and aqua water are available in the restroom during longer flights

Economy
Vietnam Airlines Hot Meal Served in Economy Class

Economy class is available on all flights operated by Vietnam Airlines. Seats in this cabin feature seats 81 cm (32 in) in width. Seat pitch on this cabin class is 31–32 in (79–81 cm), while seat recline ranges from 6 to 13°(5-6 inches). Snacks are served on flights over 90 minutes, with hot meals available on flights that are two hours or more.

According to Aviation Safety Network, Vietnam Airlines experienced six accidents/incidents since 1951, with three of them leading to fatalities. All of the deadly accidents occurred on final approach, and all involved Soviet-built aircraft. The deadliest one took place on 19 September 1988, when a Tupolev Tu-134A crashed on approach to Don Mueang International Airport, killing 76 of 90 occupants aboard. The second-deadliest accident occurred on 3 September 1997, when a Tupolev Tu-134B-3 crashed after hitting trees on approach to Phnom Penh International Airport; the death toll rose to 65. The third-deadliest accident occurred on 14 November 1992, when a Yakovlev Yak-40 crashed on approach to Nha Trang Airport, killing 30 of 31 occupants aboard. The airline has also experienced a hijacking episode in 1992, without any recorded fatality.

  1. In early March 1995 (1995-03), Flightglobal informed the carrier also had three Boeing 767s in the fleet, two of them leased from AWAS and the other one from Region Air.
  1. "Profile on Vietnam Airlines". Centre for Aviation. Archived from the original on 2 October 2012. Retrieved2 October 2012.
  2. "Airline Membership". International Air Transport Association. Archived from the original on 1 May 2012. Retrieved1 May 2012.
  3. "JO 7340.2G Contractions"(PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. 5 January 2017. p. 3-1-49. Retrieved26 February 2017.
  4. "Lịch sử phát triển ngành Hàng không dân dụng Việt Nam". Civil Aviation Authority of Vietnam (in Vietnamese). 4 October 2018.
  5. Lotusmiles
  6. "Ông Lê Hồng Hà làm tổng giám đốc Vietnam Airlines từ 1-1-2021". tuoitre.vn/ (in Vietnamese). 30 December 2020.
  7. "Vietnam Airlines có chủ tịch mới". VNExpress (in Vietnamese). 10 August 2020.
  8. [1][permanent dead link]
  9. "Vietnam Airlines posts largest quarterly loss ever - VnExpress International".
  10. Schofield, Adrian (3 January 2019). "Vietnam Airlines Group maintains profitability in 2018". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 7 January 2019.
  11. Schermerhorn Jr., John R. (November 2000). "Vietnam Airlines' CEO Dao Manh Nhuong on Strategic Leadership". Academy of Management Executive. Academy of Management. 14 (4): 16–19. doi:10.5465/ame.2000.3979812. ISSN 1558-9080. JSTOR 4353462.
  12. "Japan's ANA group becomes strategic partner of Vietnam Airlines". en.nhandan.com.vn.
  13. "All Nippon Airways Buys 9.5% Stake In Philippine Airlines". One Mile at a Time. 29 January 2019.
  14. "ANA HOLDINGS and Vietnam Airlines Conclude Final Contract for Business and Capital Partnership | Press Release | ANA HOLDINGS INC". www.anahd.co.jp.
  15. "State ownership cut to 51% at Vietnam Airlines". vietnamnews.vn.
  16. "Vietnam Airlines shares to be auctioned in May - News VietNamNet". english.vietnamnet.vn. 1 May 2018. Retrieved27 July 2021.
  17. "Vietnam Airlines". Vinafour. Archived from the original on 22 May 2012.
  18. Alwyn-Jones, John (14 October 2010). "Vietnam Airlines offers world class service". e-Travel Blackboard. Archived from the original on 22 May 2012.
  19. Chi, Nguyen (December 2001). "A Strategy for the Vietnam Civil Aviation Administration (VCAA) to Promote US-Vietnam Bilateral Civil Aviation Agreement"(PDF). Institute for Trade & Commercial Diplomacy. Archived from the original(PDF) on 22 May 2012.
  20. "L'aviation civile vietnamienne" [The Vietnamese civil aviation](PDF) (in French). Archived from the original(PDF) on 22 May 2012.
  21. Buckley, Michael. "Flying Ghosts". VeloAsia. Archived from the original on 22 May 2012.
  22. Lewis, Paul (15–21 November 1995). "Catching up". Flight International. London: Reed Business Information. 148 (4498): 30–31. ISSN 0015-3710. Archived from the original on 22 May 2012.
  23. "History of Vietnam Airlines". Vietnam Airlines. Archived from the original on 24 March 2002. Retrieved3 August 2013.
  24. *Bailey, John (11–17 May 1994). "The Last Frontier". Flight International. London: Reed Business Publishing. 145 (4420): 26. ISSN 0015-3710. Archived from the original on 9 July 2014. *"The Last Frontier". Flight International: 27. Archived from the original on 9 July 2014.
  25. "Vietnamese Airbus". Flight International. London: Reed Business Information. 138 (4242): 4. 14–20 November 1990. ISSN 0015-3710. Archived from the original on 18 May 2013. Vietnam Airlines has cancelled plans to buy two Airbus A310s because of a US trade embargo on the country, a Vietnamese Government official has said in Hanoi. The A310 uses US engines.
  26. "Cathay covers Vietnam's noisy routes". Flight International. London: Reed Business Information. 140 (4299): 8. 25 December 1992 – 7 January 1992. ISSN 0015-3710. Archived from the original on 22 May 2012. Retrieved22 May 2012.
  27. Bailey, John (20–26 April 1994). "Vietnam plans to Westernise fleet". Flight International. Hanoi: Reed Business Information. 145 (4417): 9. ISSN 0015-3710. Archived from the original on 16 March 2015.
  28. "Airlines Tie-Up". Manila Standard. 6 October 1992. Retrieved7 August 2013.
  29. "Total of passengers carried from 1991 to 2001". Vietnam Airlines. Archived from the original on 14 June 2002. Retrieved3 August 2013.
  30. "Vietnam Airlines Introduces Bold New Identity". Vietnam Airlines. 28 October 2002. Archived from the original on 13 February 2003. Retrieved3 August 2013.
  31. "Our Background". Vietnam Airlines. Archived from the original on 26 October 2013. Retrieved27 July 2013.
  32. "Vietnam Airlines to lease Region A340". Flightglobal. Flight International. 1 March 1995. Archived from the original on 24 July 2014. The carrier would like one or two more Boeing 767s. It already operates three 767s, two of which are leased from Ansett (AWAS) and one from Region Air.
  33. *"World airline directory – Vietnam Airlines (page 79)". Flight International. 147 (4466). 11 April 1995. ISSN 0015-3710. Archived from the original on 5 July 2014. *"World airline directory – Vietnam Airlines (page 80)". Flight International. Archived from the original on 5 July 2014.
  34. "Our Background". Vietnam Airlines. Archived from the original on 5 July 2014.
  35. "Vietnam amalgamates". Flight International. London: Reed Business Publishing. 149 (4523): 6. 15–21 May 1996. ISSN 0015-3710. Archived from the original on 5 July 2014.
  36. "Vietnam signs for Fokker 70s". Flightglobal. Flight International. 9 August 1995. Archived from the original on 5 July 2014.
  37. "Two new orders for Fokker 70". Flightglobal. 4 October 1995. Archived from the original on 5 July 2014.
  38. "Vietnam Airlines nears 767 leasing deal with GECAS". Flightglobal. Flight International. 20 December 1995. Archived from the original on 27 July 2014.
  39. "Vietnam Airlines implements Radmin"(PDF). Radmin.com. 2007. Archived from the original(PDF) on 22 May 2012. Retrieved22 May 2012.
  40. Lewis, Paul (22–28 February 1995). "Vietnam looks for A320 substitute". Flight International. London: Reed Business Information. 147 (4460). ISSN 0015-3710. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved14 June 2012.
  41. "Vietnam delivery". Flightglobal. Flight International. 7 February 1996. Archived from the original on 24 July 2014.
  42. "Vietnam Airlines revises growth plans". Flightglobal. Flight International. 9 April 1997. Archived from the original on 24 July 2014.
  43. "World Airline Directory – Vietnam Airlines". Flight International. London: Reed Business Information. 149 (4517): 84. 3–9 April 1996. ISSN 0015-3710. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved14 June 2012.
  44. Learmount, David (10 September 1997). "Vietnam Airlines Tu-134 crashes on bad-weather approach at Phnom Penh". Flightglobal. London. Flight International. Archived from the original on 24 July 2014.
  45. "Vietnam's new clothes". Flightglobal. Flight International. 14 January 1998. Archived from the original on 13 September 2014.
  46. "Historical Signing Between Vietnam Airlines and Boeing: Vietnam Airlines Orders Four 777-200ERs" (Press release). Washington, D.C.: Boeing. 10 December 2001. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012.
  47. "Vietnam orders 777-200ERs". Flightglobal. 1 January 2001. Archived from the original on 9 July 2014.
  48. "Vietnam Airlines Orders Four 777-200ERs" (Press release). Washington, D.C.: Boeing. 10 December 2001. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012.
  49. "Vietnam opts for GE poweron latest 777s". Flightglobal. Flight International. 12 February 2002. Archived from the original on 5 July 2014.
  50. "Vietnam considers A340-300 offer from Airbus". Flight International. London: Reed Business Information. 161 (4835): 8. 11–17 June 2002. ISSN 0015-3710. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved14 June 2012.
  51. "Vietnam Airlines received the first Boeing 777-ER to its ownership" (Press release). Vietnam Airlines. 4 September 2003. Archived from the original on 10 December 2004.
  52. "Using a new airport in Russia" (Press release). Vietnam Airlines. 30 November 2003. Archived from the original on 30 November 2003.
  53. "Vietnam Airlines finalizes deal for 787s". Air Transport World. 22 June 2005. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Vietnam Airlines yesterday signed a firm agreement with Boeing to purchase four 787-8s at a signing ceremony in Washington.
  54. Karp, Aaron (4 January 2008). "Boeing finalizes DAE, Vietnam orders, sells record 1,300+ aircraft in 2007". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved14 June 2012. Boeing finalized Dubai Aerospace Enterprise's 100-aircraft order valued at $10.9 billion and also officially completed a $2 billion order for 12 787-8s from Vietnam Airlines and Vietnam Aircraft Leasing Co., pushing its total 2007 commercial aircraft orders to well over 1,300, a single-year record.
  55. "Vietnam Airlines Completes Boeing Plane Order". Airwise News. Reuters. 3 January 2008. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved14 June 2012.
  56. Straus, Brian (3 October 2007). "Vietnam Airlines to add 12 787-8s". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved14 June 2012.
  57. Airliner World, March 2005
  58. "Vietnam Airlines Unhappy With Boeing Delays". Airwise News. Reuters. 28 September 2009. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved14 June 2012.
  59. Sobie, Brendan (24 June 2010). "Vietnam Airlines switches 787 order to −9s". Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 18 February 2015.
  60. "Vietnam Airlines heads directly to Germany". The New York Times. 1 June 2005. Archived from the original on 15 June 2012. Retrieved15 June 2012.
  61. "Vietnam Airlines Starts Flights to Germany". Deutsche Welle. 31 January 2005. Archived from the original on 15 August 2013. Retrieved14 July 2013.
  62. "Vietnam Airlines becomes IATA member". VoV News. 1 March 2007. Archived from the original on 15 June 2012. Retrieved15 June 2012.
  63. "SkyTeam Signs Preliminary Membership Agreement With Vietnam Airlines". redOrbit.com. 15 April 2009. Archived from the original on 15 June 2012. Retrieved15 June 2012.
  64. "Vietnam Airlines meets int'l air safety standards". VoV News. 14 July 2006. Archived from the original on 15 June 2012. Retrieved15 June 2012.
  65. "Vietnam Airlines to go public next year". People's Daily Online. Xinhua. 2 January 2007. Archived from the original on 15 June 2012.
  66. "Vietnam to partially privatize 71 large state-owned enterprises". China Daily. Associated Press. 2 January 2007. Archived from the original on 15 June 2012. Retrieved15 June 2012.
  67. "Vietnam May Spur Privatization After $4.5 bln Shipyard Debt". Thanh Nien News. 11 August 2010. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved14 July 2013.
  68. "Vietnam Airlines to miss equitization deadline". Business Times. 17 January 2010. Archived from the original on 19 June 2012. Retrieved19 June 2012.
  69. "Vietnam Airlines to sell stake to foreign partners". Thanh Nien News. 19 June 2008. Archived from the original on 19 June 2012. Retrieved19 June 2012.
  70. "Vietnam Airlines may go public this year". People's Daily Online. Xinhua. 15 January 2008. Archived from the original on 19 June 2012. Retrieved19 June 2012.
  71. "Vietnam Airlines to acquire 10 A350 XWB and 20 additional A321 aircraft" (Press release). Airbus. 1 October 2007. Archived from the original on 19 June 2012. Retrieved19 June 2012.
  72. Gillespie, Elizabeth M. (1 October 2007). "Vietnam Airlines plans to buy jets". USA Today. Archived from the original on 19 June 2012.
  73. "Vietnam Airlines inks Airbus contract". Wichita Business Journal. 1 October 2007. Archived from the original on 19 June 2012. Retrieved19 June 2012.
  74. "Vietnam Airlines commits to ATR 72–500". Air Transport World. 7 December 2007. Archived from the original on 19 June 2012. Retrieved19 June 2012.
  75. "Vietnam Airlines to manage transport for Miss World 2010". Travel Vietnam. 2007. Archived from the original on 19 June 2012. Retrieved19 June 2012.
  76. "60th Miss World Beauty Pageant finals open in Sanya". People's Daily Online. 12 October 2010. Archived from the original on 16 July 2012. Retrieved16 July 2012.
  77. "Vietnam Airlines launches new Non-stop Service Hanoi – Nagoya (Japan)" (Press release). Vietnam Airlines. 12 August 2008. Archived from the original on 5 July 2014.
  78. "Cambodia launches new airline". Air Transport World. 28 July 2009. Archived from the original on 27 February 2013.
  79. Hohler, Reinhard (26 July 2009). "Cambodia Angkor Air will fly tomorrow". eTurbo News. Archived from the original on 16 July 2012. Retrieved16 July 2012.
  80. "Cambodia gets national carrier with Vietnam's help". Reuters. 27 July 2009. Retrieved14 July 2013.
  81. Francis, Leithen (30 July 2010). "Cambodia Angkor signs with Sabre in preparation for international expansion". Singapore: Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 27 February 2013.
  82. Nguyen, Thuy (17 June 2009). "Vietnam Airlines orders more Airbus aircraft". Sai Gon Giai Phong. Archived from the original on 16 July 2012. Retrieved16 July 2012.
  83. "Vietnam Airlines planning to buy 18 Airbus jets". Agence France-Presse. 15 June 2009. Retrieved14 July 2013.
  84. "Vietnam Airlines launches new website". VoV News. 9 October 2009. Archived from the original on 2 October 2012. Retrieved2 October 2012.
  85. "Vietnam Airlines adopts new service technologies". Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism. 13 May 2009. Retrieved13 July 2013.
  86. "Vietnam Airlines and Boeing Team to Enhance 777 Passenger Experience" (Press release). Boeing. 26 August 2010. Archived from the original on 7 January 2013. Retrieved7 January 2013.
  87. "Airline offers discounts on international trips". Viet Nam News. 23 September 2010. Retrieved8 October 2010.
  88. "Honeywell awarded USD100m contract from Vietnam Airlines to retrofit avionics and APUs". Tradingmarkets.com. 17 November 2010. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved10 October 2011.(subscription required)
  89. "Honeywell to retrofit Vietnam Airlines, $100m contract (HON)". Technology Marketing Corporation. 16 November 2010. Archived from the original on 27 July 2013. Retrieved13 July 2013.
  90. "Vietnam Airlines to restart privatisation". eTravel Blackboard. 21 January 2011. Archived from the original on 17 July 2012. Retrieved17 July 2012.
  91. "Flag carrier announces IPO plan". Vietnam News Agency. 8 August 2013. Archived from the original on 4 September 2013. Retrieved9 August 2013.
  92. "Vietnam: sowing the seeds for future growth". Airline Leader (10). November 2011. Archived from the original on 10 October 2013. Retrieved10 July 2013.
  93. "Vietnam Airlines plans IPO in 2013". The China Post. 10 April 2012. Archived from the original on 11 July 2013.
  94. Nguyen, Mai (20 June 2014). "Vietnam Airlines seeking to raise $51 million in IPO". Reuters. Archived from the original on 5 July 2014.
  95. "Vietnam Airlines submits IPO plan to government". Centre for Aviation. 23 June 2014. Archived from the original on 1 July 2014.
  96. Schofield, Adrian (3 November 2014). "Foreign investors target Vietnam Airlines' stake". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 4 November 2014.
  97. "Vietnam Airlines to be restructured by 2015". Civil Aviation Authority of Vietnam. 29 January 2013. Archived from the original on 27 October 2014. Retrieved10 July 2013.
  98. "Jetstar Pacific to become Vietnam Airlines' low-cost carrier in salutary move to both". Centre for Aviation. 23 February 2012. Archived from the original on 4 March 2012.
  99. "Jetstar to be majority owned by Vietnam Airways". The New Zealand Herald. 22 February 2012. Retrieved13 July 2013.
  100. "New partnership arrangement to strengthen and grow Jetstar Pacific" (Press release). Jetstar. 21 February 2012. Archived from the original on 8 March 2012.
  101. O'Sullivan, Matt (30 July 2010). "Qantas duo rescued from Vietnam". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 8 March 2012.
  102. Walker, Karen (1 May 2012). "ALC purchases eight 787-9s". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 11 May 2012. Air Lease Corp. (ALC) has purchased eight Boeing 787-9s, which it will lease to Vietnam Airlines, the lessor announced Monday.
  103. "Vietnam Air Signs Loan Deal For Airbus A321s". Reuters. 31 May 2012. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved14 June 2012.
  104. "Eximbank lends US$100 million to Vietnam Airlines for B787". Vietnam Investment Review. 22 April 2013. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved22 July 2013.
  105. "Vietnam Airlines signs $1.7 billion deal to buy GE engines: source". Reuters. 29 October 2013. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013.
  106. Anh Thu, Nguyen (28 October 2013). "Vietnam Airlines, GE Sign $1.7 Billion Engine Deal". The Wall Street Journal.(subscription required)
  107. Nilsson, Olivier (4 July 2014). "Vietnam Airlines inaugure le Hanoi – Tokyo-Haneda" [Vietnam Airlines inaugurated the Hanoi–Tokyo-Haneda route]. Air Journal (in French). Archived from the original on 5 July 2014.
  108. "Vietnam Airlines launches new flights to Japan's Haneda Airport". Thanh Nien News. 2 July 2014. Archived from the original on 5 July 2014.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  109. Torr, Jeremy (30 June 2015). "Vietnam Airlines takes delivery of first Airbus A350". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 2 July 2015.
  110. Hashim, Firdaus (30 June 2015). "PICTURES: Vietnam Airlines receives first A350". Singapore: Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 30 June 2015.
  111. "Vietnam Airlines prepares to receive first A350". London: Flightglobal. 29 June 2015. Archived from the original on 30 June 2015.
  112. "Vietnam Airlines begins new chapter with A350s, 787s. Are 777-8Xs and a strategic investor next?". CAPA Centre for Aviation. 10 September 2015. Archived from the original on 14 September 2015.
  113. Waldron, Greg (3 August 2015). "PICTURES: Vietnam Airlines' first 787-9 arrives in Hanoi". Singapore: Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 3 August 2015.
  114. Schofield, Adrian (30 January 2019). "Vietnam Airlines to take 12 leased A321neos in 2019". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 4 February 2019.
  115. Schofield, Adrian (19 November 2018). "Vietnam Airlines receives first A321neo; to enter service Dec. 1". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 3 December 2018.
  116. "Vietnam Airlines takes delivery of its first A321neo". Airbus. 16 November 2018. Archived from the original on 10 February 2019.
  117. "Vietnam Airlines sells its 49% stake in Cambodia Angkor Air". The Star. 17 April 2020. Archived from the original on 30 April 2020.
  118. Ha, K. Oanh; Giang, Nguyen Kieu (13 March 2012). "Vietnam Air Aims to Win Southeast Asia's No. 2 Title by 2020". Bloomberg L.P. Bloomberg News. Archived from the original on 30 June 2013.
  119. "Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2009"(PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. 2009. Archived from the original(PDF) on 17 July 2012. Retrieved17 July 2012.
  120. Sobie, Brendan (24 June 2010). "Vietnam Airlines aims to launch US services in early 2011". Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 17 July 2012. Retrieved17 July 2012.
  121. VnExpress. "Direct US flights: Vietnam's 16-year-old dream remains unfulfilled - VnExpress International". VnExpress International – Latest news, business, travel and analysis from Vietnam. Retrieved13 May 2020.
  122. "Leaps and Bounds"(PDF). Ascend. Sabre Airline Solutions (1): 18–21. 2008. Archived from the original(PDF) on 17 July 2012. Retrieved17 July 2012.
  123. "HCM City-London air-route to be set up". VietnamNet Bridge. 10 December 2010. Archived from the original on 17 July 2012. Retrieved17 July 2012.
  124. "Vietnam Airlines to link former Saigon with Beijing". Agence France-Presse. 1 December 2010. Archived from the original on 28 February 2014. Retrieved24 July 2013.
  125. "Vietnam Airlines to launch direct Vietnam - Shanghai services". eTravel Blackboard. 26 March 2010. Archived from the original on 27 July 2013. Retrieved14 July 2013.
  126. For Berlin, Amsterdam and Milan, see Ha, K. Oanh; Giang, Nguyen Kieu (13 March 2012). "Vietnam Air Aims to Win Southeast Asia's No. 2 Title by 2020". Bloomberg L.P. Bloomberg News. Archived from the original on 30 June 2013. * For Adelaide, see "Vietnam Airlines eyes Indochina hub". Tourism of Cambodia. 16 September 2011. Archived from the original on 29 March 2014. * For Perth, see "Vietnam ponders expansion"(PDF). Travel Weekly. 17 March 2007. p. 2. Archived from the original(PDF) on 7 April 2009. Retrieved17 August 2013. * For Prague, Dalian, Nanjing, Mandalay, Hangzhou and Africa, see "Vietnam Airlines builds Mekong hub". TTR Weekly. 13 September 2012. Archived from the original on 29 March 2014.
  127. Mantanarat, Rapeepat (13 September 2012). "Vietnam Airlines builds Mekong hub". TTR Weekly. Archived from the original on 29 March 2014. Retrieved1 July 2013.
  128. "Vietnam Airlines expands horizons". Viet Nam News. 10 January 2011. Archived from the original on 26 February 2013.
  129. "Major international airport planned in Dong Nai". Thanh Nien News. 9 November 2010. Archived from the original on 17 July 2012.
  130. "Over US$6 billion For New International Airport". Bernama. 9 November 2010. Archived from the original on 4 April 2015. Retrieved13 July 2013.
  131. "Four destinations turn five". TTR Weekly. 18 September 2012. Archived from the original on 29 March 2014.
  132. Young, Kathryn M. (13 April 2015). "Airline Routes-13 April 2015". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 16 April 2015. Vietnam Airlines has changed its UK airport from Gatwick to London Heathrow. It also plans to increase London-Ho Chi Minh service to daily from July using Boeing 787-9 aircraft.
  133. Nguyen, Binh (25 June 2010). "Vietnam Airlines becomes limited liability company". The Saigon Times Daily. Archived from the original on 22 May 2012. Retrieved22 May 2012. In its Decision 952/QD-TTg dated 23 June 2010, the Government says it still owns Vietnam Airlines Company Limited (Vietnam Airlines), which is headquartered at 200 Nguyen Son Street in Long Bien District, Hanoi City.
  134. "Vietnam Airlines". Centre for Aviation. Archived from the original on 17 July 2012. Retrieved17 July 2012.
  135. "List of Government-owned and Privatized Airlines (unofficial preliminary compilation)"(PDF). ICAO. 4 July 2008. Archived from the original(PDF) on 17 July 2012. Retrieved17 July 2012.
  136. Torr, Jeremy (23 July 2015). "Vietnam Airlines rebrands, launches new fleet". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 23 July 2015.
  137. "SkyTeam & Members Fact Sheet"(PDF). SkyTeam. 5 March 2014. Archived from the original(PDF) on 18 April 2014.
  138. "About Us". Vietnam Airlines. Archived from the original on 5 October 2013. Retrieved8 October 2009. "200 Nguyen Son Str., Long Bien Dist., Ha Noi city, Vietnam"
  139. "Home page of VN_anh". Vietnam Airlines. Archived from the original on 11 March 2000. Retrieved21 December 2010. HEAD OFFICE: GIALAM AIRPORT, HANOI 10.000, VIETNAM.
  140. "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. London: Reed Business Information. 165 (4927): 92. 30 March – 5 April 2004. ISSN 0015-3710. Archived from the original on 5 October 2013. Retrieved21 December 2010. VIETNAM AIRLINES [VN] (HVN) Gialem Airport, Hanoi, Vietnam.
  141. "Airbus supports new flight training school in Vietnam" (Press release). Airbus. 13 March 2009. Archived from the original on 7 August 2013. Retrieved7 August 2013.
  142. "Commercial pilots to be trained in Vietnam". VoV News. 16 October 2010. Archived from the original on 27 December 2010. Retrieved16 October 2010.
  143. "CAE Global Academy to Train Third Group of Cadets for Vietnam Airlines". Aviation Pros. 23 February 2012. Archived from the original on 7 August 2013. Retrieved7 August 2013.
  144. "Vietnam Airlines revises growth plans". Flight International. London: Reed Business Information. 151 (4569): 12. 9–15 April 1997. Archived from the original on 26 February 2013.
  145. "Coming of age". Airline Business. 1 February 2004. Archived from the original on 28 July 2013. Retrieved13 July 2013.
  146. Ballatyne, Tom (July–August 2008). "Ambitious Vietnam aiming high"(PDF). Orient Aviation. Beijing, China: Wilson Publishing HK: 31. ISSN 1027-6572. Archived from the original(PDF) on 28 July 2013. Retrieved28 July 2013.
  147. "Vietnam Airlines 2007 profit rises 6.4 pct". Reuters UK. 31 December 2007. Archived from the original on 26 February 2013.
  148. "Vietnam Airlines 2009 profit falls 42 percent". Agence France-Presse. 12 January 2010. Retrieved28 July 2013.
  149. "China at the forefront of Asian air travel growth; Indonesia and Vietnam booming in 2010; Hong Kong, Japan and Thailand struggle". Airline Network News and Analysis. 25 May 2010. Archived from the original on 26 February 2013.
  150. "Vietnam Airlines earns $25 million gross profit in 2013". Reuters. 10 January 2014. Archived from the original on 14 January 2014.
  151. "Jetstar Pacific to become Vietnam Airlines' low-cost carrier in salutary move to both". Centre for Aviation. 23 February 2012. Archived from the original on 27 July 2013. Retrieved25 July 2013.
  152. VnExpress. "Nhân viên Vietnam Airlines được mua 70 triệu cổ phiếu ưu đãi". vnexpress.net (in Vietnamese). Retrieved27 July 2021.
  153. "Subsidiaries & Affiliates". Vietnam Airlines. Archived from the original on 6 October 2013. Retrieved27 July 2013.
  154. "Vietnam Airlines plans IPO, to start restructuring this year". Thanh Nien News. 21 January 2013. Archived from the original on 27 July 2013. Retrieved27 July 2013.
  155. Schofield, Adrian (26 April 2018). "Vietnam Airlines sees strong 1Q profit on demand growth". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 27 April 2018.
  156. "Notification of Company Name Change". Vietnam Airlines Caterers. 12 July 2013. Archived from the original on 8 December 2013. Retrieved27 July 2013.
  157. "Thương hiệu Jetstar Pacific sắp bị xóa sổ". VNExpress (in Vietnamese). 15 June 2020. Retrieved2 August 2020.
  158. "Vietnam enters leasing market"(PDF). Orient Aviation. Beijing, China: Wilson Publishing HK: 60. November 2007. ISSN 1027-6572. Archived from the original(PDF) on 2 October 2012. Retrieved2 October 2012.
  159. "Largest airplane maintenance company debuts". VoV News. 25 February 2009. Archived from the original on 2 October 2012. Retrieved2 October 2012.
  160. Vietnam: Doing Business and Investing in Vietnam Guide. 1 (revised ed.). International Business Publications. 2011. ISBN 978-1-4387-1410-3.
  161. "Our Services". Vietnam Airlines Engineering Company. Archived from the original on 11 July 2013. Retrieved11 July 2013.
  162. "Rolls Royce to build an aircraft maintenance factory in Vietnam". VoV News. 12 March 2010. Archived from the original on 27 July 2013.
  163. "Industry airs ambitious aviation plans". Viet Nam News. 1 March 2010. Archived from the original on 27 July 2013. Retrieved7 June 2010.
  164. "Vietnam Airlines Route Map". Vietnam Airlines. 2018. Archived from the original on 8 October 2017. Retrieved9 March 2018.
  165. "Vietnam Airlines to add more flights over Tet". VoV News. 25 December 2009. Archived from the original on 2 October 2012. Retrieved2 October 2012.
  166. "Vietnam Airlines to add over 580 flights for Tet holiday". VietNamNet Bridge. 15 December 2010. Archived from the original on 11 July 2013.
  167. "Vietnam Airlines starts selling tickets for Tet". Tuoi Tre. 1 November 2012. Retrieved26 July 2013.
  168. Francis, Leithen (10 June 2010). "Vietnam Airlines formally joins SkyTeam". Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014.
  169. "Vietnam Airlines Joins SkyTeam" (Press release). SkyTeam. 10 June 2010. Archived from the original on 30 August 2012.
  170. "Airline Partners". Vietnam Airlines.
  171. "Earn Miles With Airline Partners". Vietnam Airlines.
  172. "Profile on Vietnam Airlines". CAPA Centre for Aviation. Archived from the original on 31 October 2016.
  173. Liu, Jim (26 June 2019). "Aeroflot / Vietnam Airlines begins codeshare partnership from June 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved26 June 2019.
  174. Bangkok Airways and Vietnam Airlines Enter Code-Share Agreement
  175. "Alliance and partnerships". Cathay Pacific.
  176. "China Southern to keep codeshares after leaving SkyTeam". Flight Global.
  177. Liu, Jim (12 November 2018). "El Al / Vietnam Airlines begins codeshare partnership from Nov 2018". Routesonline. Retrieved12 November 2018.
  178. "Airline Routes". Air Transport World. 3 October 2011. Archived from the original on 2 October 2012. Retrieved2 October 2012. Etihad Airways has announced a codeshare agreement with Vietnam Airlines (VN), effective Oct. 30. The agreement will allow Etihad's passengers to connect through Bangkok to Ho Chi Minh or Hanoi on VN's daily services. VN passengers will be able to connect through Bangkok to Etihad's base in Abu Dhabi.
  179. "Garuda Indonesia and Vietnam Airlines expand codeshare". Business Traveller.
  180. "Our Fleet". Vietnam Airlines. Archived from the original on 21 December 2020.
  181. "Airbus Commercial Aircraft Orders and Deliveries". Airbus. December 2020. Archived from the original on 25 May 2021. Retrieved12 June 2021.
  182. "Vietnam Airlines seeks gov't nod for 50+50 narrowbodies". Retrieved25 June 2019.
  183. "Air Lease Corporation Announces Lease Placement of Two New Airbus A320-200neo Aircraft with Vietnam Airlines". Retrieved19 July 2019.
  184. "Our Fleet". Vietnam Airlines. Retrieved20 December 2018.
  185. "SkyTeam Livery Fact Sheet"(PDF). SkyTeam. Archived from the original(PDF) on 27 December 2014.
  186. "Máy bay A321neo đầu tiên gia nhập đội bay Vietnam Airlines". Zing News (in Vietnamese). Retrieved22 November 2018.
  187. "Vietnam Airlines readies to enter US market, with Ho Chi Minh-LAX, following A350-900 HGW order". CAPA Centre for Aviation. 9 September 2016. Archived from the original on 10 September 2016.
  188. "Vietnam Airlines Offers Two ATR-72s For 6-Month Wet Lease". www.simpleflying.com. Retrieved5 June 2021.
  189. Hofmann, Kurt (17 February 2015). "Vietnam Airlines to receive first 787-9 in May; A350-900 in June". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 18 February 2015.
  190. "Vietnam Airlines Fleet". www.airfleets.net.
  191. "Cảnh phun sơn siêu máy bay Boeing 787-10 đi thuê mới nhất của Việt Nam". Zing News (in Vietnamese). Retrieved10 July 2019.
  192. "Air Lease Corporation Announces Placements of 12 New Airbus A321neo Aircraft with Vietnam Airlines" (Press release). Air Lease Corporation. 18 October 2016. Retrieved17 November 2016.
  193. "Profile for: Vietnam Airlines". AeroTransport Data Bank. 15 June 2013. Archived from the original on 15 June 2013.
  194. "Vietnam Airlines retires last A330 amid fleet transformation". FlightGlobal. 13 September 2019.
  195. "Vietnam Air replaces ageing turboprop fleet". Vietnam News Agency. 25 August 2009. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved10 August 2013.
  196. "Vietnam Airlines". Ch-Aviation. Archived from the original on 10 April 2014.
  197. "Các hãng bay mới ở Việt Nam mất bao lâu để cất cánh?". Vietnam Finance (in Vietnamese). 23 August 2019.
  198. "Vietnam nears decision on long-haul fleet". Flightglobal. Flight International. 11 June 1997. Archived from the original on 13 September 2014.
  199. "Inflight Entertainment". Vietnam Airlines. Archived from the original on 22 April 2014. Retrieved8 July 2013.
  200. "The Experience – Business Class". Vietnam Airlines. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved25 March 2010.
  201. "Vietnam Airlines Boeing 777-200ER layout". Seat Expert. Archived from the original on 30 October 2013. Retrieved29 March 2010.
  202. "Vietnam Airlines". eTravel Blackboard. 2 May 2011. Archived from the original on 7 March 2012. Retrieved28 July 2013.
  203. "Premium Economy Class". Vietnam Airlines. Retrieved3 October 2019.
  204. "Economy Class". Vietnam Airlines. Retrieved3 October 2019.
  205. "Economy Class". Vietnam Airlines. Archived from the original on 28 November 2011. Retrieved25 March 2010.
  206. "Vietnam Airlines accident record". Aviation Safety Network. Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved28 July 2013.
  207. Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Tupolev 134A VN-A102 Bangkok-Don Muang International Airport (BKK)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved27 September 2018.
  208. Accident description for VN-A120 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 26 October 2011.
  209. Accident description for VN-A449 at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 26 October 2011.
  210. Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 26 October 2011.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toVietnam Airlines.

Vietnam Airlines
Vietnam Airlines Language Watch Edit Not to be confused with Air Vietnam a defunct South Vietnamese carrier Vietnam Airlines Vietnamese Hang Hang khong Quốc gia Việt Nam lit Vietnam National Airlines is the flag carrier of Vietnam 10 The airline was founded in 1956 and later established as a state owned enterprise in April 1989 Vietnam Airlines is headquartered in Long Bien District Hanoi with hubs at Noi Bai International Airport and Tan Son Nhat International Airport The airline flies to 64 destinations in 17 countries excluding codeshared services Vietnam Airlines Hang Hang khong Quốc gia Việt NamIATA ICAO CallsignVN 1 2 HVN 1 2 VIET NAM AIRLINES 3 Founded15 January 1956 65 years ago 1956 01 15 as Vietnam Civil Aviation 4 HubsNoi Bai International Airport Tan Son Nhat International AirportSecondary hubsDa Nang International AirportFocus citiesPhnom Penh International Airport Siem Reap International AirportFrequent flyer programLotuSmiles 5 AllianceSkyTeamSubsidiariesPacific Airlines Vietnam Air Services Company Vietnam Airlines Caterers Vietnam Airlines Cargo Vietnam Airlines Engineering Company VAECO Fleet size103Destinations64Headquarters200 Nguyễn Sơn Bồ Đề ward Long Bien district Hanoi VietnamKey peopleLe Hồng Ha President amp CEO 6 Đặng Ngọc Hoa Chairman 7 Revenue40 613 billion VNĐ 8 2020 Net income 4 97 trillion VNĐ 216 million 9 Q1 2021 Websitewww wbr vietnamairlines wbr com From its inception until the early 1990s Vietnam Airlines was a minor carrier within the aviation industry as it was hampered by a variety of factors including the socio economic and political situation of the country With the government s normalization of relations with the United States the airline was able to expand improve its products and services and modernize its ageing fleet In 1996 the Vietnamese government brought together 20 service companies to form Vietnam Airlines Corporation with the airline itself as the centrepiece In 2010 the corporation was restructured into a limited liability company and renamed Vietnam Airlines Company Limited A seven seat management board members of which are appointed by the Vietnamese Prime Minister oversees the company 11 As passenger transport constitutes its core activity Vietnam Airlines plays a crucial role in the economic development of the country It owns 100 of Vietnam Air Service Company a regional airline in southern Vietnam and 70 of the low cost carrier Pacific Airlines In addition the corporation earns revenue from airline catering and the maintenance and overhauling of aircraft through a number of its subsidiaries including Vietnam Airlines Engineering Company and Vietnam Airlines Caterers The company has also diversified its investments in the aircraft leasing and airport ground servicing industries and is looking to manufacture aircraft components It controls and operates a cargo division Vietnam Airlines Cargo Vietnam Airlines became a member of SkyTeam in June 2010 making it the first Southeast Asian carrier to have joined that alliance As of July 2016 the State s stake in Vietnam Airlines is 86 16 All Nippon Airways holds 8 77 as the parent company ANA Holdings has successfully purchased a cost of US 109 million becoming a strategic shareholder of the national flag carrier 12 13 14 15 16 Contents 1 History 1 1 Beginnings 1 2 New enterprise 1993 2006 1 3 Expansion 2007 current 2 Future 3 Corporate affairs and identity 3 1 Training 3 2 Financial performance 3 3 Subsidiaries and affiliates 3 4 Aircraft maintenance and production 4 Destinations 4 1 Tết flights 4 2 Alliances 4 3 Codeshare agreements 5 Fleet 5 1 Current 5 2 Previously operated 6 Services 6 1 Entertainment 6 2 Cabins 7 Accidents and incidents 8 See also 9 Footnotes 10 References 11 External linksHistory EditBeginnings Edit Vietnam Civil Aviation Ilyushin Il 14 Vietnam Airlines has its origins in January 1956 1956 01 17 18 when it was established by the North Vietnamese government under the name Vietnam Civil Aviation following the nationalization of Gia Lam Airport It was instituted after the government signed the Decree No 666 TTg 19 The airline was created as part of the air force for civilian purposes with support from both the Soviet Union and China initially its fleet consisted of two Lisunov Li 2s that were later replaced by two Ilyushin Il 14 and three Aero Ae 45s 20 This was due to an embargo that prohibited the airline from leasing and or buying American technology or components 21 The airline s development and expansion was seriously hampered by the Vietnam War 1954 1975 22 Following the war its first international destination was Beijing followed by Vientiane in 1976 23 During that year the airline was known as General Department of Civil Aviation in Vietnam and began full operations it carried around 21 000 passengers one third of whom were on international flights and 3 000 tonnes 6 600 000 lb of cargo 17 In 1978 another important destination of Vietnam Airlines was added with flights offered to Bangkok 23 The late 1980s and early 1990s saw the expansion of the network to Hong Kong Kuala Lumpur Manila and Singapore 23 A Vietnam Airlines Tupolev Tu 134 at Don Mueang International Airport in 1992 In 1990 the company initiated discussions regarding the incorporation of Western built aircraft into the fleet 24 Later that year however the carrier had to cancel the acquisition of two Airbus A310s due to their use of US manufactured engines 25 By July 1991 1991 07 the airline struck a wet lease agreement with Dutch lessor TransAvia The aircraft involved was a Boeing 737 300 that arrived in Vietnam Airlines livery However the aircraft was returned after the U S State Department pressured the Dutch lessor to remove the aircraft from Vietnam Subsequently Vietnam Airlines organized a similar but more complicated deal with TEA Basle who spent the rest of 1991 negotiating a deal with US authorities Eventually a solution stating that the Boeing 737 must be positioned outside Vietnam with no logo or lettering of Vietnam Airlines On these conditions it could operate on behalf of Vietnam Airlines was reached 24 26 In December 1991 1991 12 Cathay Pacific and Vietnam Airlines agreed on a 50 50 joint venture to operate between Hong Kong and Vietnam as the airline s Tupolev Tu 134 fleet did not meet Kai Tak Airport s noise restrictions 26 In October 1992 1992 10 the Boeing 737 was supplemented with an Airbus A310 24 26 However a dispute with Bulgarian Jes Air over who should pay for the repairs after the aircraft sustained an engine failure led to its replacement with another A310 from GATX also operated by Jes Air 24 26 27 A similar dispute with United Technologies encouraged the airline to switch from Airbus to Boeing Hence a Boeing 767 200ER leased from Ansett Worldwide Aviation Services AWAS arrived in January 1993 and a Royal Brunei Airlines Boeing 767 300ER arrived the following year 24 In October 1993 the first Airbus A320 200 was incorporated over a two year wet lease contract with Air France 27 Vietnam Airlines by now had started discussions with Air France about a partnership and the French carrier agreed to lease its Airbuses to Vietnam Airlines and also to provide customer support and pilot crew training 22 31 24 28 By that time the route network had further expanded internationally seeing the incorporation of destinations such as Paris Tokyo Seoul Taipei Sydney and Melbourne 23 In 1993 the airline carried 1 06 million passengers 418 000 of whom were on international flights 29 New enterprise 1993 2006 Edit Vietnam Airlines former logo In October 2002 the airline introduced the current golden lotus identity to coincide with the delivery of the Boeing 777 in 2003 30 The airline became the flag carrier of Vietnam in 1993 after having completed a restructuring programme that was started four years earlier In that year the airline split from the Civil Aviation Administration of Vietnam CAAV and became a state enterprise 11 22 30 31 The move was similar to the reorganization of the Chinese CAAC Airlines into several regional airlines in 1987 Despite the fact that the airline gained some independence from the CAAV it was still known as Civil Aviation Administration of Vietnam within the 1993 1996 period 24 In February 1994 1994 02 US President Bill Clinton lifted the trade embargo to allow Vietnam Airlines the ability to acquire Western built aircraft 24 26 Consequently Vietnam Airlines announced in April of the same year that it would be phasing out its inefficient Soviet planes 27 By April 1995 1995 04 the fleet consisted of nine Airbus A320s all of them leased from Air France 11 Antonov An 24s four ATR72s two Boeing 707 300s three Ilyushin Il 18s nine Tupolev Tu 134s and three Yakovlev Yak 40s nb 1 at this time the route network comprised 14 domestic destinations including Ban Me Thuot Da Nang Dien Bien Phu Hue Nha Trang Phu Quoc and Pleiku and 16 international destinations including Bangkok Hong Kong Kuala Lumpur and Singapore 33 80 On 27 May 1995 1995 05 27 34 the airline along with a number of other aviation related businesses were incorporated to establish Vietnam Airlines Corporation 35 Two Fokker 70s were purchased in mid 1995 for US 50 million 36 they were aimed at partly replacing the Tu 134 fleet on domestic routes as well as at serving as VIP transport 37 In December 1995 1995 12 discussions with GECAS for the lease of three additional second hand Boeing 767 300ERs were under way these ex Continental Airlines aircraft would act as a replacement for wet leased Boeing 767 aircraft three 300ERs and one 200ER leased from AWAS and Royal Brunei in the fleet 38 Vietnam Airlines Airbus A320 200 at Hong Kong International Airport in 1999 In September 1996 1996 09 Vietnam Airlines started offering business class services and in 1999 the airline launched its frequent flyer program Golden Lotus Plus 39 During 1996 Vietnam Airlines looked for aircraft which would substitute the A320s wet leased from Air France when the deal was over Apart from acquiring further A320s the airline considered Boeing 737s and McDonnell Douglas MD 90s 40 In February 1996 1996 02 GECAS delivered the first of three Boeing 767 300ER to the carrier on dry lease for five years 41 In October the same year two Boeing 767 300ERs and a Boeing 767 200 on lease from AWAS and Royal Brunei Airlines respectively were returned to the lessors but in early 1997 another Boeing 767 300ER was phased in on a one year lease from AWAS 42 With its freedom to operate Western built aircraft Vietnam Airlines considered the acquisition of long haul aircraft to better service Vietnamese living overseas The Airbus A340 Boeing 747 and the McDonnell Douglas MD 11 were topics of discussion 40 Meanwhile two Fokker 70s were acquired in May and July to replace the twelve Tupolev Tu 134s 22 31 43 On 3 September 1997 the crash of a Tupolev Tu 134B on approach to Phnom Penh s Pochentong Airport in bad weather resulted in more than 60 fatalities 44 A Vietnam Airlines Boeing 767 300ER on short final to Kuala Lumpur International Airport in 2003 The aircraft is wearing one of the former liveries The carrier s first B777 200ER reg VN A141 A new livery was introduced in early 1998 initially unveiled on a Boeing 767 45 In December 2001 2001 12 Vietnam Airlines signed a historic agreement with Boeing for the acquisition of its first ever US built aircraft signalling the start of trade under the Bilateral Trade Agreement between the two countries 46 The deal involved four Boeing 777 200ERs 47 48 The transaction was valued at US 680 million the first aircraft was initially scheduled for delivery in 2003 46 These four aircraft along with six others of the same type that are leased from International Lease Finance Corporation ILFC are the flagships of the airline and serve on medium and long haul routes respectively 49 needs update During that year the airline carried 3 4 million passengers 1 9 million of whom were on domestic flights flights to Beijing resumed and services to Kunming were launched 23 29 During 2002 Vietnam Airlines considered a lease offer from Airbus for two Airbus A340 300s 50 On 4 September 2003 a landmark ceremony celebrated the airline s receipt of its first Boeing 777 200ER purchased outright from Boeing 51 On 28 October the airline decided to move its operations in Moscow from Sheremetyevo International Airport to Domodedovo International Airport 52 In June 2005 2005 06 Vietnam Airlines ordered four Boeing 787 8s 53 Twelve additional 787 8s were ordered in late 2007 some of them to be directly acquired from the company and the rest to be purchased by the carrier s subsidiary Vietnam Aircraft Leasing Company VALC 54 55 56 These new aircraft were to allow Vietnam Airlines to expand its network and replace some leased aircraft 57 Regarding the delays from Boeing CEO Pham Ngoc Minh remarked in September 2009 2009 09 We are not happy about the constant delays It affects our business plan We expected to get our planes in 2009 then 2010 and now nobody can confirm to us which is the exact delivery date I can be patient but it gives us a lot of headaches 58 In 2010 the airline switched its Boeing 787 order from the 8 to the 9 model stating that 787 8s did not meet all the requirements Boeing initially promised it is expected the airline will receive its first aircraft of the type in 2015 59 On 20 June 2005 the airline launched direct services to Frankfurt after having discontinued services to Berlin It came after the 2004 2005 period when travel between the two countries soared 70 60 61 The following year Vietnam Airlines was admitted into IATA 62 63 As part of the move Vietnam Airlines had to meet the association s IOSA safety standards 64 Expansion 2007 current Edit A Vietnam Airlines Airbus A321 231 featuring SkyTeam livery The type have been the carrier s main workhorse in the last decade According to a number of newspaper reports in 2007 the Vietnamese government planned to partly privatize Vietnam Airlines 65 In the plan the government considered selling 20 30 of the airline s stake to outsiders with the government holding the balance This was a small part of a bigger proposal by the government to privatize its state owned companies due to be completed by 2010 66 Vietnam authorized the plan the following year however the plan was not carried out as the airline missed its deadline scheduled by the government which was arranged for 2010 due to the Global Financial Crisis 67 68 69 70 On 1 October 2007 the airline and VALC signed a memorandum of understanding for the purchase of ten Airbus A350 XWBs and 20 additional Airbus A321s 71 72 The Airbus A350s will supplement the Boeing 787s already ordered by the airline 72 This single order will result in Vietnam Airlines becoming one of the largest Airbus operators in Asia 73 The two companies also ordered five extra ATR 72 500s in December 2007 2007 12 74 Vietnam was chosen as the host of Miss World s 60th contest in 2008 As the country s national airline Vietnam Airlines was selected as the sponsoring airline for the beauty pageant 75 Therefore it was tasked the job of managing all the transport matters for the contest to be carried out during September and October just before the beginning of the competition However it was later decided to carry out the event in Sanya China following speculations of Vietnam withdrawing 76 In August 2008 2008 08 Vietnam Airlines added Nagoya the airline s fourth point served in Japan besides Fukuoka Osaka and Tokyo to the route network 77 In 2009 Vietnam Airlines and the Government of Cambodia established a joint venture having 49 and 51 stockholding respectively 78 with the goal of boosting tourism in Cambodia 79 80 The joint venture was a new Cambodian national airline named Cambodia Angkor Air which started flying in July the same year 81 using ATR 72 aircraft 78 an Airbus A321 joined the fleet in September 80 Also in 2009 the carrier signed a deal for another 16 Airbus A321s plus two Airbus A350s during the Paris Air Show 82 83 In addition Vietnam Airlines launched a new bilingual website in October to simplify bookings 84 and adopted a new passenger service system designed by IT provider Sabre Airline Solutions 85 A Vietnam Airlines Boeing 787 10 Dreamliner at Sydney Airport On 26 August 2010 the airline teamed up with Boeing during the unveiling of its interior modernization programme to increase passenger comfort 86 From late September to early October Vietnam Airlines discounted up to 85 of its 90 000 fares to celebrate Thang Long Hanoi s 1000th anniversary 87 In November 2010 the airline awarded Honeywell a US 100 million contract to retrofit the Airbus A321s aircraft flight systems which is calculated to save Vietnam Airlines US 10 000 per aircraft per year 88 89 In January 2011 2011 01 plans were announced by the airline to re initiate an initial public offering IPO by the end of 2012 90 an earlier attempt was stalled by the 2007 2010 financial crisis citation needed Scheduled for mid 2014 after several delays 91 the IPO and subsequent share offerings will supply the funds to expand Vietnam Airlines fleet and network 92 93 With the company valued at US 1 5 billion the government plans to initially keep 75 of the shares 94 The IPO plan was submitted to the Vietnamese Ministry of Transport in June 2014 2014 06 95 Scheduled to commence on 14 November 2014 2014 11 14 the IPO has already received two submissions from foreign companies yet their names have not been disclosed 96 The corporation will be restructured by 2015 to bring it in line with other state owned enterprises and to shift its focus away from non core businesses Following restructuring the airline group will consist of Vietnam Airlines itself as well as three carriers in total the corporation will comprise 26 independently audited companies 97 Two Vietnam Airlines Airbus A350 941 in Narita International Airport In February 2012 2012 02 Vietnam Airlines boosted its stake in the low cost carrier Jetstar Pacific Airlines to 70 with Qantas holding the balance 98 99 100 The Vietnamese flag carrier was the major shareholder in Vietnam s second largest airline but its stake had been transferred to the Ministry of Finance and subsequently to the Vietnamese State Capital Investment Corporation SCIC 101 The carrier s takeover of SCIC s stake in Jetstar Pacific will capitalise the low cost carrier with US 27 million an amount that will be directed towards fleet renewal 98 In late April 2012 2012 04 the aircraft lessor ALC announced the placement of an order for eight Boeing 787 9s which will be leased to Vietnam Airlines deliveries are expected to start in 2017 102 In late May 2012 2012 05 the carrier signed an agreement with Vietnam s Eximbank for a loan worth US 100 million which the carrier will use to finance the acquisition of four Airbus A321s a further US 100 million was loaned in April 2013 to finance the purchase of eight Boeing 787s 103 104 In a deal valued at US 1 7 billion Vietnam Airlines signed a contract with General Electric in October 2013 2013 10 for 40 engines to power the Boeing 787 aircraft the airline has on order 105 106 In July 2014 2014 07 a new route to Tokyo Haneda from Hanoi was introduced 107 108 Vietnam Airlines received its first Airbus A350 900 in late June 2015 2015 06 becoming the second operator of the type worldwide after Qatar Airways 109 110 111 In August 2015 2015 08 the airline s first Boeing 787 9 entered the fleet 112 113 In November 2018 the carrier took ownership of its first Airbus A321neo 114 115 116 Vietnam Airlines participation in Cambodia Angkor Airlines ended in April 2020 when all the shares were sold to an undisclosed buyer 117 Future EditAs it is expected to be operating 110 aircraft in 2020 115 Vietnam Airlines is aiming to become the second largest full service carrier in Southeast Asia 118 The airline is interested in launching services to the United States where more than 1 2 million Vietnamese reside 119 Such plans were confirmed in December 2003 but was postponed because Vietnam was not yet part of Federal Aviation Administration s International Aviation Safety Assessment Program 120 Vietnam was granted FAA Category 1 rating in February 2019 with Vietnam Airlines also granted a US Department of Transportation foreign air carrier permit in September 2019 however concerns remain regarding the route profitability 121 Vietnam Airlines also considered opening new routes such as Ho Chi Minh City Hanoi Vietnam London Ho Chi Minh City Hanoi Shanghai Beijing China Ho Chi Minh City Mumbai Ho Chi Minh City Brisbane and Ho Chi Minh City Doha according to CEO Pham Ngoc Minh in 2008 122 From 2015 Vietnam Airlines began to serve London Heathrow with its brand new Boeing 787 9 Dreamliner While the airline had launched flights to London Gatwick 123 Beijing 124 and Shanghai 125 as of April 2018 there are no flights to Mumbai Doha and Brisbane The airline also plans to re open flights to Berlin and commence flights to Adelaide Perth Amsterdam Milan Prague Mandalay Dalian Nanjing Hangzhou and African cities by 2020 Vietnam Airlines is expected to serve 53 international destinations up from 27 in 2011 126 By 2020 Vietnam Airlines plans to increase its annual revenue to US 7 billion up from 1 86 billion in 2010 by carrying 620 000 tonnes of cargo and 35 million passengers using a fleet of 163 aircraft later revised to 41 million passengers using 170 aircraft 127 It aims to capture a 45 market share of Vietnam s aviation market During its first 15 years of operation from 1996 to 2010 Vietnam Airlines carried a total of 82 million passengers on 678 550 flights 128 In addition Vietnam Airlines plans to transfer most of its international operations from its current hub Tan Son Nhat International Airport to the proposed Long Thanh International Airport With a cost of approximately US 6 billion 129 130 the airport will according to Vietnamese authorities help Vietnam Airlines boost its operations internationally as it seeks to bypass Thailand as the dominant gateway to the Greater Mekong region 131 London operations were transferred from Gatwick to Heathrow in 2015 the airline plans to operate its new Boeing 787 9 aircraft to this destination starting from July 2015 2015 07 132 Corporate affairs and identity EditVietnam Airlines JSC Native nameTổng Cong Ty Hang Khong Việt NamTypeGovernment owned Joint stock companyTraded asHVNIndustryAirline industryFounded1996 with roots tracing back to 1954 HeadquartersLong Bien District Hanoi VietnamArea servedAsia Europe North America and OceaniaKey peoplePham Viet Thanh Chairman Pham Ngoc Minh President amp CEO Nguyen Van Hung Executive Vice President amp Director ServicesAircraft maintenance and overhaul catering cargo and passenger transportNumber of employees10 929 airline only Websitewww wbr vietnamairlines wbr com Vietnam Airlines Company Limited is a joint stock company wholly owned by the government of Vietnam having been restructured from Vietnam Airlines Corporation in June 2010 133 134 135 5 Its role is to provide economic gains to the country as its tasks in addition to scheduled passenger and cargo transport include responsibility towards labor contribution to the state budget and providing chartered flights according to former CEO Dao Manh Nhung 11 The airline is headed and overseen by a seven seat management team members of which are selected by the Prime Minister of Vietnam 11 As of July 2015 update Pham Viet Thanh was the chairman of the company 136 whereas Pham Ngoc Minh was the President and CEO as of March 2014 update 137 As of March 2014 update the airline branch of the corporation had 10 929 employees 137 The airline is headquartered in the Long Bien District of Hanoi 138 previously it was headquartered at Gia Lam Airport in Gia Lam Hanoi 139 140 Training Edit In 2009 the airline Airbus and ESMA Aviation Academy created Bay Viet Flight Training Company to train pilots in the country with the expectation that up to 100 trainees would graduate annually 141 In October 2010 the company planned to train 60 pilots in Vietnam during 2011 2012 In 2010 Vietnam Airlines needed 636 pilots 60 of whom were Vietnamese It planned to raise that figure it to 75 by 2015 meaning there will be at least 100 new recruits each year from 2010 until 2015 142 Vietnam Airlines also contracts CAE Global Academy Phoenix in Arizona United States to train its cadets 143 Financial performance Edit Pham Ngoc Minh President and CEO of Vietnam Airlines during the World Economic Forum in Ho Chi Minh City Vietnam Airlines has enjoyed an average of 37 increase in passengers flown per year until 1997 when the Asian Financial Crisis and other contributing causes led to a loss in profits for the airline Nevertheless the airline remained profitable throughout the crisis In 1996 the airline carried 2 5 million passengers up 18 from 1995 144 The airline carried more than 4 million passengers in 2002 which is an 18 increase over the previous year 145 Its cargo traffic also climbed 20 during the same period resulting in a 2002 profit of US 35 77 million 145 Despite the severe acute respiratory syndrome SARS outbreak the airline posted a US 26 2 million profit for 2003 In 2006 it carried 6 8 million passengers 3 7 million international and earned revenue of nearly US 1 37 billion first 11 months Vietnam Airlines carried more than 9 million passengers of which 4 million were international travellers in 2007 the year which saw the airline earning a gross profit of US 23 million from a revenue of US 1 23 billion It also transported 115 100 tonnes of cargo 146 147 In 2009 the airline s revenue was US 1 3 billion compared to US 1 56 billion it earned the previous year During this period Vietnam Airlines carried 9 3 million passengers 148 According to Anna aero Vietnam Airlines passenger capacity for 2010 rose 30 over the same period of the previous year This also coincided with the increase in capacity at Vietnamese airports at 21 149 In 2012 the company s total revenue totalled US 2 4 billion with profits totalling US 3 3 million 97 The following year the carrier posted a US 25 million gross profit 150 Vietnam Airlines held about 40 of the market share of international passengers flying to and from Vietnam in February 2012 151 At the time Vietnam Airlines controlled 77 share of the domestic aviation market with 14 covered by Jetstar Pacific 151 As of December 2012 Vietnam Airlines controlled just below 70 of the domestic market share 97 In July 2021 it was announced that Vietnam Airlines employees can buy 70 million shares as strategic shareholder ANA Holdings transferred 70 million shares to 15 100 employees of the Vietnam Airlines Group 152 Subsidiaries and affiliates Edit A Vietnam Airlines Boeing 777 200ER being catered by Vietnam Air Caterers since renamed Vietnam Airlines Caterers at Tan Son Nhat International Airport Vietnam Airlines has at least 20 subsidiaries and affiliates 153 By the end of its restructuring in 2015 the company will have offloaded its stakes in more than 10 enterprises 154 Company Type Principal activities Incorporated in Group s equity shareholdingVietnam Air Service Company 155 Subsidiary Passenger transport Vietnam 100 Vietnam Airlines Engineering Company 155 Subsidiary Aircraft maintenance Vietnam 100 Vietnam Airlines Caterers Subsidiary Catering Vietnam 100 156 Noibai Catering Services Subsidiary Catering Vietnam 100 Pacific Airlines 157 Subsidiary Passenger transport Vietnam 98 157 Vietnam Air Leasing Company Joint venture Aircraft leasing Vietnam 20 158 Aircraft maintenance and production Edit Vietnam Airlines is increasingly becoming involved in the maintenance overhauling and production of aircraft Maintenance works are carried out by Vietnam Airlines Engineering Company VAECO that was established on 1 January 2009 159 VAECO was organized mainly upon the amalgamation of the A75 and A76 aircraft maintenance bases 160 93 VAECO carries out maintenance and technical services for Vietnam Airlines as well as for other airlines The establishment of this company opens a new era to the aircraft maintenance field in Vietnam As of 2013 VAECO was capable of performing a wide range of maintenance on many different aircraft types this includes C checks for the Boeing 777 Airbus A330 Airbus A320 and Airbus A321 and D checks the most thorough of all maintenance procedures which are carried out on the ATR 72 and Fokker 70 161 In addition to its self maintenance facilities Vietnam Airlines also has maintenance contracts with other airlines and maintenance organisations 160 93 There are currently no production facilities in Vietnam for aircraft and spare parts However Boeing has managed to obtain 35 of the distribution market in Vietnam and GE Aviation in turn supplies jet engines for the Boeing aircraft For the future conversely Vietnam Airlines is planning to build a maintenance factory in conjunction with Rolls Royce and other companies 162 It has also signed a memorandum of understanding with EADS a pan European aerospace and defence corporation that would let the corporation assemble and manufacture plane components in the future 163 Destinations EditMain article List of Vietnam Airlines destinations Vietnam Airlines has a network within East Asia Southeast Asia Europe and Oceania With about 300 daily flights 137 the airline flies to 21 destinations domestically and to 43 internationally 164 In addition it has codeshare agreements with a number of airlines for other routes some of which span to North America Tết flights Edit Vietnam Airlines have traditionally increased flights among Vietnamese cities to cater for the heavy demands brought by the annual Tết celebration This busy period which could fall anywhere from late January to mid February is Vietnam s most important celebration hundreds of extra flights are scheduled by domestic airlines during this period to allow Vietnamese to return to their families often in rural areas to celebrate the occasion In 2010 the airline increased its seat capacity from 45 to 120 on certain domestic routes 165 In 2011 it increased additional flights on ten routes adding more than 100 000 seats About 63 000 of these seats were between Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City This represented a remarkable 41 increase against normal days 166 In 2013 the carrier added an extra 174 000 seats during the celebratory period of which 82 000 seats were on the trunk route between its primary hubs 167 Vietnam Airlines Airbus A350 941 in SkyTeam livery at Frankfurt Airport 2018 Alliances Edit Vietnam Airlines joined SkyTeam on 10 June 2010 2010 06 10 168 169 Codeshare agreements Edit Vietnam Airlines has codeshare agreements with the following airlines 170 171 172 Aeroflot 173 Air Europa Air France All Nippon Airways Bangkok Airways 174 Cambodia Angkor Air Cathay Pacific 175 China Airlines China Eastern Airlines China Southern Airlines 176 Czech Airlines Delta Air Lines El Al 177 Etihad Airways 178 Finnair Garuda Indonesia 179 Kenya Airways KLM Korean Air Lao Airlines Middle East Airlines Pacific Airlines Philippine Airlines Qantas Saudia SNCF Railway TAROM XiamenAir VASCOFleet EditCurrent Edit As of April 2021 update Vietnam Airlines operates the following aircraft 180 181 Vietnam Airlines fleet Aircraft In service Orders Passengers citation needed NotesC W Y TotalAirbus A320neo 2 5 TBA Lease from ICBC Financial Leasing and ALC 182 183 Airbus A321 200 50 16 162 178 184 One aircraft painted in SkyTeam livery 185 16 168 1848 195 203Airbus A321neo 20 8 195 203 186 Airbus A350 900 14 29 45 231 305 MoU for 10 aircraft signed in September 2016 187 29 36 240 305ATR 72 500 2 188 66 66Boeing 787 9 11 28 35 211 274 189 28 283 311Boeing 787 10 4 190 4 23 343 366 191 Deliveries from 2019 192 Total 103 9 Previously operated Edit A Vietnam Airlines Fokker 70 at Pochentong Airport in 2004 Since its conception in 1956 the airline has operated a wide range of aircraft including Soviet American and European aircraft Due to having retired all Soviet made planes the airline currently uses Boeing ATR and Airbus aircraft Vietnam Airlines had operated the following aircraft throughout its history 193 Aero Ae 45 Airbus A300 600 Airbus A300B4 Airbus A310 200 Airbus A310 300 Airbus A320 200 Airbus A321 100 Airbus A330 200 194 Airbus A330 300 Airbus A340 200 Antonov An 2 Antonov An 24 Antonov An 30 ATR 72 200 195 Boeing 707 320 Boeing 707 320B Boeing 707 320C Boeing 727 200 Boeing 737 300 Boeing 767 200ER Boeing 767 300ER Boeing 777 200ER 187 Douglas DC 3 Douglas DC 4 Douglas DC 6 Fokker 70 196 Ilyushin Il 14G Ilyushin Il 18 Lisunov Li 2 197 Tupolev Tu 134A Tupolev Tu 134B Yakovlev Yak 40 198 Services EditEntertainment Edit On selected flights Vietnam Airlines offers audio video on demand AVOD in flight entertainment via personal televisions Entertainment options consist of films games TV programmes and music Vietnam Airlines offers two in flight magazines Heritage and Heritage Fashion in addition to other reading material 199 additional citation s needed Cabins Edit Business Business class is the highest of three cabin classes offered by the airline As is the case with business class cabins in most airlines the amenities offered in this class are substantially different from economy class and more services and products are available On Boeing 777s business class seats have a 160 cm 62 in of leg room and are able to recline with a pitch of 157 depending on aircraft 200 Laid out in a 2 3 2 configuration 201 each seat is equipped with lumbar support and a 10 4 in 26 cm personal touch screen capable of delivering AVOD 202 Hot meals are offered on flights lasting longer than two hours 200 Premium Economy Vietnam Airlines premium economy class has a wider seat width and legroom compared to Economy with 38 42 in 97 107 cm of seat pitch and 7 8 inches of recline This class is offered only on flights operated by Boeing 787 9 Dreamliner or Airbus A350 900 On every flight featuring Premium Economy hot meals are served with an extensive menu of Vietnamese delicacies and popular world cuisine Personal care bags with essential amenities are also provided Premiere brand cosmetics and aqua water are available in the restroom during longer flights 203 Economy Vietnam Airlines Hot Meal Served in Economy Class Economy class is available on all flights operated by Vietnam Airlines Seats in this cabin feature seats 81 cm 32 in in width 204 Seat pitch on this cabin class is 31 32 in 79 81 cm while seat recline ranges from 6 to 13 5 6 inches Snacks are served on flights over 90 minutes with hot meals available on flights that are two hours or more 205 Accidents and incidents EditMain article List of Vietnam Airlines accidents and incidents According to Aviation Safety Network Vietnam Airlines experienced six accidents incidents since 1951 with three of them leading to fatalities 206 All of the deadly accidents occurred on final approach and all involved Soviet built aircraft The deadliest one took place on 19 September 1988 when a Tupolev Tu 134A crashed on approach to Don Mueang International Airport killing 76 of 90 occupants aboard 207 The second deadliest accident occurred on 3 September 1997 when a Tupolev Tu 134B 3 crashed after hitting trees on approach to Phnom Penh International Airport the death toll rose to 65 208 The third deadliest accident occurred on 14 November 1992 when a Yakovlev Yak 40 crashed on approach to Nha Trang Airport killing 30 of 31 occupants aboard 209 The airline has also experienced a hijacking episode in 1992 without any recorded fatality 210 See also Edit Vietnam portal Aviation portal Air transport in Vietnam List of airlines of VietnamFootnotes Edit In early March 1995 1995 03 Flightglobal informed the carrier also had three Boeing 767s in the fleet two of them leased from AWAS and the other one from Region Air 32 References Edit a b Profile on Vietnam Airlines Centre for Aviation Archived from the original on 2 October 2012 Retrieved 2 October 2012 a b Airline Membership International Air Transport Association Archived from the original on 1 May 2012 Retrieved 1 May 2012 JO 7340 2G Contractions PDF Federal Aviation Administration 5 January 2017 p 3 1 49 Retrieved 26 February 2017 Lịch sử phat triển nganh Hang khong dan dụng Việt Nam Civil Aviation Authority of Vietnam in Vietnamese 4 October 2018 Lotusmiles Ong Le Hồng Ha lam tổng giam đốc Vietnam Airlines từ 1 1 2021 tuoitre vn in Vietnamese 30 December 2020 Vietnam Airlines co chủ tịch mới VNExpress in Vietnamese 10 August 2020 1 permanent dead link Vietnam Airlines posts largest quarterly loss ever VnExpress International Schofield Adrian 3 January 2019 Vietnam Airlines Group maintains profitability in 2018 Air Transport World Archived from the original on 7 January 2019 a b c d Schermerhorn Jr John R November 2000 Vietnam Airlines CEO Dao Manh Nhuong on Strategic Leadership Academy of Management Executive Academy of Management 14 4 16 19 doi 10 5465 ame 2000 3979812 ISSN 1558 9080 JSTOR 4353462 Japan s ANA group becomes strategic partner of Vietnam Airlines en nhandan com vn All Nippon Airways Buys 9 5 Stake In Philippine Airlines One Mile at a Time 29 January 2019 ANA HOLDINGS and Vietnam Airlines Conclude Final Contract for Business and Capital Partnership Press Release ANA HOLDINGS INC www anahd co jp State ownership cut to 51 at Vietnam Airlines vietnamnews vn Vietnam Airlines shares to be auctioned in May News VietNamNet english vietnamnet vn 1 May 2018 Retrieved 27 July 2021 a b Vietnam Airlines Vinafour Archived from the original on 22 May 2012 Alwyn Jones John 14 October 2010 Vietnam Airlines offers world class service e Travel Blackboard Archived from the original on 22 May 2012 Chi Nguyen December 2001 A Strategy for the Vietnam Civil Aviation Administration VCAA to Promote US Vietnam Bilateral Civil Aviation Agreement PDF Institute for Trade amp Commercial Diplomacy Archived from the original PDF on 22 May 2012 L aviation civile vietnamienne The Vietnamese civil aviation PDF in French Archived from the original PDF on 22 May 2012 Buckley Michael Flying Ghosts VeloAsia Archived from the original on 22 May 2012 a b c d Lewis Paul 15 21 November 1995 Catching up Flight International London Reed Business Information 148 4498 30 31 ISSN 0015 3710 Archived from the original on 22 May 2012 a b c d e History of Vietnam Airlines Vietnam Airlines Archived from the original on 24 March 2002 Retrieved 3 August 2013 a b c d e f g h Bailey John 11 17 May 1994 The Last Frontier Flight International London Reed Business Publishing 145 4420 26 ISSN 0015 3710 Archived from the original on 9 July 2014 The Last Frontier Flight International 27 Archived from the original on 9 July 2014 Vietnamese Airbus Flight International London Reed Business Information 138 4242 4 14 20 November 1990 ISSN 0015 3710 Archived from the original on 18 May 2013 Vietnam Airlines has cancelled plans to buy two Airbus A310s because of a US trade embargo on the country a Vietnamese Government official has said in Hanoi The A310 uses US engines Cathay covers Vietnam s noisy routes Flight International London Reed Business Information 140 4299 8 25 December 1992 7 January 1992 ISSN 0015 3710 Archived from the original on 22 May 2012 Retrieved 22 May 2012 a b Bailey John 20 26 April 1994 Vietnam plans to Westernise fleet Flight International Hanoi Reed Business Information 145 4417 9 ISSN 0015 3710 Archived from the original on 16 March 2015 Airlines Tie Up Manila Standard 6 October 1992 Retrieved 7 August 2013 a b Total of passengers carried from 1991 to 2001 Vietnam Airlines Archived from the original on 14 June 2002 Retrieved 3 August 2013 Vietnam Airlines Introduces Bold New Identity Vietnam Airlines 28 October 2002 Archived from the original on 13 February 2003 Retrieved 3 August 2013 Our Background Vietnam Airlines Archived from the original on 26 October 2013 Retrieved 27 July 2013 Vietnam Airlines to lease Region A340 Flightglobal Flight International 1 March 1995 Archived from the original on 24 July 2014 The carrier would like one or two more Boeing 767s It already operates three 767s two of which are leased from Ansett AWAS and one from Region Air World airline directory Vietnam Airlines page 79 Flight International 147 4466 11 April 1995 ISSN 0015 3710 Archived from the original on 5 July 2014 World airline directory Vietnam Airlines page 80 Flight International Archived from the original on 5 July 2014 Our Background Vietnam Airlines Archived from the original on 5 July 2014 Vietnam amalgamates Flight International London Reed Business Publishing 149 4523 6 15 21 May 1996 ISSN 0015 3710 Archived from the original on 5 July 2014 Vietnam signs for Fokker 70s Flightglobal Flight International 9 August 1995 Archived from the original on 5 July 2014 Two new orders for Fokker 70 Flightglobal 4 October 1995 Archived from the original on 5 July 2014 Vietnam Airlines nears 767 leasing deal with GECAS Flightglobal Flight International 20 December 1995 Archived from the original on 27 July 2014 Vietnam Airlines implements Radmin PDF Radmin com 2007 Archived from the original PDF on 22 May 2012 Retrieved 22 May 2012 a b Lewis Paul 22 28 February 1995 Vietnam looks for A320 substitute Flight International London Reed Business Information 147 4460 ISSN 0015 3710 Archived from the original on 14 June 2012 Retrieved 14 June 2012 Vietnam delivery Flightglobal Flight International 7 February 1996 Archived from the original on 24 July 2014 Vietnam Airlines revises growth plans Flightglobal Flight International 9 April 1997 Archived from the original on 24 July 2014 World Airline Directory Vietnam Airlines Flight International London Reed Business Information 149 4517 84 3 9 April 1996 ISSN 0015 3710 Archived from the original on 14 June 2012 Retrieved 14 June 2012 Learmount David 10 September 1997 Vietnam Airlines Tu 134 crashes on bad weather approach at Phnom Penh Flightglobal London Flight International Archived from the original on 24 July 2014 Vietnam s new clothes Flightglobal Flight International 14 January 1998 Archived from the original on 13 September 2014 a b Historical Signing Between Vietnam Airlines and Boeing Vietnam Airlines Orders Four 777 200ERs Press release Washington D C Boeing 10 December 2001 Archived from the original on 14 June 2012 Vietnam orders 777 200ERs Flightglobal 1 January 2001 Archived from the original on 9 July 2014 Vietnam Airlines Orders Four 777 200ERs Press release Washington D C Boeing 10 December 2001 Archived from the original on 14 June 2012 Vietnam opts for GE poweron latest 777s Flightglobal Flight International 12 February 2002 Archived from the original on 5 July 2014 Vietnam considers A340 300 offer from Airbus Flight International London Reed Business Information 161 4835 8 11 17 June 2002 ISSN 0015 3710 Archived from the original on 14 June 2012 Retrieved 14 June 2012 Vietnam Airlines received the first Boeing 777 ER to its ownership Press release Vietnam Airlines 4 September 2003 Archived from the original on 10 December 2004 Using a new airport in Russia Press release Vietnam Airlines 30 November 2003 Archived from the original on 30 November 2003 Vietnam Airlines finalizes deal for 787s Air Transport World 22 June 2005 Archived from the original on 14 June 2012 Vietnam Airlines yesterday signed a firm agreement with Boeing to purchase four 787 8s at a signing ceremony in Washington Karp Aaron 4 January 2008 Boeing finalizes DAE Vietnam orders sells record 1 300 aircraft in 2007 Air Transport World Archived from the original on 14 June 2012 Retrieved 14 June 2012 Boeing finalized Dubai Aerospace Enterprise s 100 aircraft order valued at 10 9 billion and also officially completed a 2 billion order for 12 787 8s from Vietnam Airlines and Vietnam Aircraft Leasing Co pushing its total 2007 commercial aircraft orders to well over 1 300 a single year record Vietnam Airlines Completes Boeing Plane Order Airwise News Reuters 3 January 2008 Archived from the original on 14 June 2012 Retrieved 14 June 2012 Straus Brian 3 October 2007 Vietnam Airlines to add 12 787 8s Air Transport World Archived from the original on 14 June 2012 Retrieved 14 June 2012 Airliner World March 2005 Vietnam Airlines Unhappy With Boeing Delays Airwise News Reuters 28 September 2009 Archived from the original on 14 June 2012 Retrieved 14 June 2012 Sobie Brendan 24 June 2010 Vietnam Airlines switches 787 order to 9s Flightglobal Archived from the original on 18 February 2015 Vietnam Airlines heads directly to Germany The New York Times 1 June 2005 Archived from the original on 15 June 2012 Retrieved 15 June 2012 Vietnam Airlines Starts Flights to Germany Deutsche Welle 31 January 2005 Archived from the original on 15 August 2013 Retrieved 14 July 2013 Vietnam Airlines becomes IATA member VoV News 1 March 2007 Archived from the original on 15 June 2012 Retrieved 15 June 2012 SkyTeam Signs Preliminary Membership Agreement With Vietnam Airlines redOrbit com 15 April 2009 Archived from the original on 15 June 2012 Retrieved 15 June 2012 Vietnam Airlines meets int l air safety standards VoV News 14 July 2006 Archived from the original on 15 June 2012 Retrieved 15 June 2012 Vietnam Airlines to go public next year People s Daily Online Xinhua 2 January 2007 Archived from the original on 15 June 2012 Vietnam to partially privatize 71 large state owned enterprises China Daily Associated Press 2 January 2007 Archived from the original on 15 June 2012 Retrieved 15 June 2012 Vietnam May Spur Privatization After 4 5 bln Shipyard Debt Thanh Nien News 11 August 2010 Archived from the original on 29 October 2013 Retrieved 14 July 2013 Vietnam Airlines to miss equitization deadline Business Times 17 January 2010 Archived from the original on 19 June 2012 Retrieved 19 June 2012 Vietnam Airlines to sell stake to foreign partners Thanh Nien News 19 June 2008 Archived from the original on 19 June 2012 Retrieved 19 June 2012 Vietnam Airlines may go public this year People s Daily Online Xinhua 15 January 2008 Archived from the original on 19 June 2012 Retrieved 19 June 2012 Vietnam Airlines to acquire 10 A350 XWB and 20 additional A321 aircraft Press release Airbus 1 October 2007 Archived from the original on 19 June 2012 Retrieved 19 June 2012 a b Gillespie Elizabeth M 1 October 2007 Vietnam Airlines plans to buy jets USA Today Archived from the original on 19 June 2012 Vietnam Airlines inks Airbus contract Wichita Business Journal 1 October 2007 Archived from the original on 19 June 2012 Retrieved 19 June 2012 Vietnam Airlines commits to ATR 72 500 Air Transport World 7 December 2007 Archived from the original on 19 June 2012 Retrieved 19 June 2012 Vietnam Airlines to manage transport for Miss World 2010 Travel Vietnam 2007 Archived from the original on 19 June 2012 Retrieved 19 June 2012 60th Miss World Beauty Pageant finals open in Sanya People s Daily Online 12 October 2010 Archived from the original on 16 July 2012 Retrieved 16 July 2012 Vietnam Airlines launches new Non stop Service Hanoi Nagoya Japan Press release Vietnam Airlines 12 August 2008 Archived from the original on 5 July 2014 a b Cambodia launches new airline Air Transport World 28 July 2009 Archived from the original on 27 February 2013 Hohler Reinhard 26 July 2009 Cambodia Angkor Air will fly tomorrow eTurbo News Archived from the original on 16 July 2012 Retrieved 16 July 2012 a b Cambodia gets national carrier with Vietnam s help Reuters 27 July 2009 Retrieved 14 July 2013 Francis Leithen 30 July 2010 Cambodia Angkor signs with Sabre in preparation for international expansion Singapore Flightglobal Archived from the original on 27 February 2013 Nguyen Thuy 17 June 2009 Vietnam Airlines orders more Airbus aircraft Sai Gon Giai Phong Archived from the original on 16 July 2012 Retrieved 16 July 2012 Vietnam Airlines planning to buy 18 Airbus jets Agence France Presse 15 June 2009 Retrieved 14 July 2013 Vietnam Airlines launches new website VoV News 9 October 2009 Archived from the original on 2 October 2012 Retrieved 2 October 2012 Vietnam Airlines adopts new service technologies Ministry of Culture Sports and Tourism 13 May 2009 Retrieved 13 July 2013 Vietnam Airlines and Boeing Team to Enhance 777 Passenger Experience Press release Boeing 26 August 2010 Archived from the original on 7 January 2013 Retrieved 7 January 2013 Airline offers discounts on international trips Viet Nam News 23 September 2010 Retrieved 8 October 2010 Honeywell awarded USD100m contract from Vietnam Airlines to retrofit avionics and APUs Tradingmarkets com 17 November 2010 Archived from the original on 24 September 2015 Retrieved 10 October 2011 subscription required Honeywell to retrofit Vietnam Airlines 100m contract HON Technology Marketing Corporation 16 November 2010 Archived from the original on 27 July 2013 Retrieved 13 July 2013 Vietnam Airlines to restart privatisation eTravel Blackboard 21 January 2011 Archived from the original on 17 July 2012 Retrieved 17 July 2012 Flag carrier announces IPO plan Vietnam News Agency 8 August 2013 Archived from the original on 4 September 2013 Retrieved 9 August 2013 Vietnam sowing the seeds for future growth Airline Leader 10 November 2011 Archived from the original on 10 October 2013 Retrieved 10 July 2013 Vietnam Airlines plans IPO in 2013 The China Post 10 April 2012 Archived from the original on 11 July 2013 Nguyen Mai 20 June 2014 Vietnam Airlines seeking to raise 51 million in IPO Reuters Archived from the original on 5 July 2014 Vietnam Airlines submits IPO plan to government Centre for Aviation 23 June 2014 Archived from the original on 1 July 2014 Schofield Adrian 3 November 2014 Foreign investors target Vietnam Airlines stake Air Transport World Archived from the original on 4 November 2014 a b c Vietnam Airlines to be restructured by 2015 Civil Aviation Authority of Vietnam 29 January 2013 Archived from the original on 27 October 2014 Retrieved 10 July 2013 a b Jetstar Pacific to become Vietnam Airlines low cost carrier in salutary move to both Centre for Aviation 23 February 2012 Archived from the original on 4 March 2012 Jetstar to be majority owned by Vietnam Airways The New Zealand Herald 22 February 2012 Retrieved 13 July 2013 New partnership arrangement to strengthen and grow Jetstar Pacific Press release Jetstar 21 February 2012 Archived from the original on 8 March 2012 O Sullivan Matt 30 July 2010 Qantas duo rescued from Vietnam The Sydney Morning Herald Archived from the original on 8 March 2012 Walker Karen 1 May 2012 ALC purchases eight 787 9s Air Transport World Archived from the original on 11 May 2012 Air Lease Corp ALC has purchased eight Boeing 787 9s which it will lease to Vietnam Airlines the lessor announced Monday Vietnam Air Signs Loan Deal For Airbus A321s Reuters 31 May 2012 Archived from the original on 14 June 2012 Retrieved 14 June 2012 Eximbank lends US 100 million to Vietnam Airlines for B787 Vietnam Investment Review 22 April 2013 Archived from the original on 3 December 2013 Retrieved 22 July 2013 Vietnam Airlines signs 1 7 billion deal to buy GE engines source Reuters 29 October 2013 Archived from the original on 3 December 2013 Anh Thu Nguyen 28 October 2013 Vietnam Airlines GE Sign 1 7 Billion Engine Deal The Wall Street Journal subscription required Nilsson Olivier 4 July 2014 Vietnam Airlines inaugure le Hanoi Tokyo Haneda Vietnam Airlines inaugurated the Hanoi Tokyo Haneda route Air Journal in French Archived from the original on 5 July 2014 Vietnam Airlines launches new flights to Japan s Haneda Airport Thanh Nien News 2 July 2014 Archived from the original on 5 July 2014 CS1 maint unfit URL link Torr Jeremy 30 June 2015 Vietnam Airlines takes delivery of first Airbus A350 Air Transport World Archived from the original on 2 July 2015 Hashim Firdaus 30 June 2015 PICTURES Vietnam Airlines receives first A350 Singapore Flightglobal Archived from the original on 30 June 2015 Vietnam Airlines prepares to receive first A350 London Flightglobal 29 June 2015 Archived from the original on 30 June 2015 Vietnam Airlines begins new chapter with A350s 787s Are 777 8Xs and a strategic investor next CAPA Centre for Aviation 10 September 2015 Archived from the original on 14 September 2015 Waldron Greg 3 August 2015 PICTURES Vietnam Airlines first 787 9 arrives in Hanoi Singapore Flightglobal Archived from the original on 3 August 2015 Schofield Adrian 30 January 2019 Vietnam Airlines to take 12 leased A321neos in 2019 Air Transport World Archived from the original on 4 February 2019 a b Schofield Adrian 19 November 2018 Vietnam Airlines receives first A321neo to enter service Dec 1 Air Transport World Archived from the original on 3 December 2018 Vietnam Airlines takes delivery of its first A321neo Airbus 16 November 2018 Archived from the original on 10 February 2019 Vietnam Airlines sells its 49 stake in Cambodia Angkor Air The Star 17 April 2020 Archived from the original on 30 April 2020 Ha K Oanh Giang Nguyen Kieu 13 March 2012 Vietnam Air Aims to Win Southeast Asia s No 2 Title by 2020 Bloomberg L P Bloomberg News Archived from the original on 30 June 2013 Statistical Abstract of the United States 2009 PDF U S Census Bureau 2009 Archived from the original PDF on 17 July 2012 Retrieved 17 July 2012 Sobie Brendan 24 June 2010 Vietnam Airlines aims to launch US services in early 2011 Flightglobal Archived from the original on 17 July 2012 Retrieved 17 July 2012 VnExpress Direct US flights Vietnam s 16 year old dream remains unfulfilled VnExpress International VnExpress International Latest news business travel and analysis from Vietnam Retrieved 13 May 2020 Leaps and Bounds PDF Ascend Sabre Airline Solutions 1 18 21 2008 Archived from the original PDF on 17 July 2012 Retrieved 17 July 2012 HCM City London air route to be set up VietnamNet Bridge 10 December 2010 Archived from the original on 17 July 2012 Retrieved 17 July 2012 Vietnam Airlines to link former Saigon with Beijing Agence France Presse 1 December 2010 Archived from the original on 28 February 2014 Retrieved 24 July 2013 Vietnam Airlines to launch direct Vietnam Shanghai services eTravel Blackboard 26 March 2010 Archived from the original on 27 July 2013 Retrieved 14 July 2013 For Berlin Amsterdam and Milan see Ha K Oanh Giang Nguyen Kieu 13 March 2012 Vietnam Air Aims to Win Southeast Asia s No 2 Title by 2020 Bloomberg L P Bloomberg News Archived from the original on 30 June 2013 For Adelaide see Vietnam Airlines eyes Indochina hub Tourism of Cambodia 16 September 2011 Archived from the original on 29 March 2014 For Perth see Vietnam ponders expansion PDF Travel Weekly 17 March 2007 p 2 Archived from the original PDF on 7 April 2009 Retrieved 17 August 2013 For Prague Dalian Nanjing Mandalay Hangzhou and Africa see Vietnam Airlines builds Mekong hub TTR Weekly 13 September 2012 Archived from the original on 29 March 2014 Mantanarat Rapeepat 13 September 2012 Vietnam Airlines builds Mekong hub TTR Weekly Archived from the original on 29 March 2014 Retrieved 1 July 2013 Vietnam Airlines expands horizons Viet Nam News 10 January 2011 Archived from the original on 26 February 2013 Major international airport planned in Dong Nai Thanh Nien News 9 November 2010 Archived from the original on 17 July 2012 Over US 6 billion For New International Airport Bernama 9 November 2010 Archived from the original on 4 April 2015 Retrieved 13 July 2013 Four destinations turn five TTR Weekly 18 September 2012 Archived from the original on 29 March 2014 Young Kathryn M 13 April 2015 Airline Routes 13 April 2015 Air Transport World Archived from the original on 16 April 2015 Vietnam Airlines has changed its UK airport from Gatwick to London Heathrow It also plans to increase London Ho Chi Minh service to daily from July using Boeing 787 9 aircraft Nguyen Binh 25 June 2010 Vietnam Airlines becomes limited liability company The Saigon Times Daily Archived from the original on 22 May 2012 Retrieved 22 May 2012 In its Decision 952 QD TTg dated 23 June 2010 the Government says it still owns Vietnam Airlines Company Limited Vietnam Airlines which is headquartered at 200 Nguyen Son Street in Long Bien District Hanoi City Vietnam Airlines Centre for Aviation Archived from the original on 17 July 2012 Retrieved 17 July 2012 List of Government owned and Privatized Airlines unofficial preliminary compilation PDF ICAO 4 July 2008 Archived from the original PDF on 17 July 2012 Retrieved 17 July 2012 Torr Jeremy 23 July 2015 Vietnam Airlines rebrands launches new fleet Air Transport World Archived from the original on 23 July 2015 a b c SkyTeam amp Members Fact Sheet PDF SkyTeam 5 March 2014 Archived from the original PDF on 18 April 2014 About Us Vietnam Airlines Archived from the original on 5 October 2013 Retrieved 8 October 2009 200 Nguyen Son Str Long Bien Dist Ha Noi city Vietnam Home page of VN anh Vietnam Airlines Archived from the original on 11 March 2000 Retrieved 21 December 2010 HEAD OFFICE GIALAM AIRPORT HANOI 10 000 VIETNAM Directory World Airlines Flight International London Reed Business Information 165 4927 92 30 March 5 April 2004 ISSN 0015 3710 Archived from the original on 5 October 2013 Retrieved 21 December 2010 VIETNAM AIRLINES VN HVN Gialem Airport Hanoi Vietnam Airbus supports new flight training school in Vietnam Press release Airbus 13 March 2009 Archived from the original on 7 August 2013 Retrieved 7 August 2013 Commercial pilots to be trained in Vietnam VoV News 16 October 2010 Archived from the original on 27 December 2010 Retrieved 16 October 2010 CAE Global Academy to Train Third Group of Cadets for Vietnam Airlines Aviation Pros 23 February 2012 Archived from the original on 7 August 2013 Retrieved 7 August 2013 Vietnam Airlines revises growth plans Flight International London Reed Business Information 151 4569 12 9 15 April 1997 Archived from the original on 26 February 2013 a b Coming of age Airline Business 1 February 2004 Archived from the original on 28 July 2013 Retrieved 13 July 2013 Ballatyne Tom July August 2008 Ambitious Vietnam aiming high PDF Orient Aviation Beijing China Wilson Publishing HK 31 ISSN 1027 6572 Archived from the original PDF on 28 July 2013 Retrieved 28 July 2013 Vietnam Airlines 2007 profit rises 6 4 pct Reuters UK 31 December 2007 Archived from the original on 26 February 2013 Vietnam Airlines 2009 profit falls 42 percent Agence France Presse 12 January 2010 Retrieved 28 July 2013 China at the forefront of Asian air travel growth Indonesia and Vietnam booming in 2010 Hong Kong Japan and Thailand struggle Airline Network News and Analysis 25 May 2010 Archived from the original on 26 February 2013 Vietnam Airlines earns 25 million gross profit in 2013 Reuters 10 January 2014 Archived from the original on 14 January 2014 a b Jetstar Pacific to become Vietnam Airlines low cost carrier in salutary move to both Centre for Aviation 23 February 2012 Archived from the original on 27 July 2013 Retrieved 25 July 2013 VnExpress Nhan vien Vietnam Airlines được mua 70 triệu cổ phiếu ưu đai vnexpress net in Vietnamese Retrieved 27 July 2021 Subsidiaries amp Affiliates Vietnam Airlines Archived from the original on 6 October 2013 Retrieved 27 July 2013 Vietnam Airlines plans IPO to start restructuring this year Thanh Nien News 21 January 2013 Archived from the original on 27 July 2013 Retrieved 27 July 2013 a b Schofield Adrian 26 April 2018 Vietnam Airlines sees strong 1Q profit on demand growth Air Transport World Archived from the original on 27 April 2018 Notification of Company Name Change Vietnam Airlines Caterers 12 July 2013 Archived from the original on 8 December 2013 Retrieved 27 July 2013 a b Thương hiệu Jetstar Pacific sắp bị xoa sổ VNExpress in Vietnamese 15 June 2020 Retrieved 2 August 2020 Vietnam enters leasing market PDF Orient Aviation Beijing China Wilson Publishing HK 60 November 2007 ISSN 1027 6572 Archived from the original PDF on 2 October 2012 Retrieved 2 October 2012 Largest airplane maintenance company debuts VoV News 25 February 2009 Archived from the original on 2 October 2012 Retrieved 2 October 2012 a b Vietnam Doing Business and Investing in Vietnam Guide 1 revised ed International Business Publications 2011 ISBN 978 1 4387 1410 3 Our Services Vietnam Airlines Engineering Company Archived from the original on 11 July 2013 Retrieved 11 July 2013 Rolls Royce to build an aircraft maintenance factory in Vietnam VoV News 12 March 2010 Archived from the original on 27 July 2013 Industry airs ambitious aviation plans Viet Nam News 1 March 2010 Archived from the original on 27 July 2013 Retrieved 7 June 2010 Vietnam Airlines Route Map Vietnam Airlines 2018 Archived from the original on 8 October 2017 Retrieved 9 March 2018 Vietnam Airlines to add more flights over Tet VoV News 25 December 2009 Archived from the original on 2 October 2012 Retrieved 2 October 2012 Vietnam Airlines to add over 580 flights for Tet holiday VietNamNet Bridge 15 December 2010 Archived from the original on 11 July 2013 Vietnam Airlines starts selling tickets for Tet Tuoi Tre 1 November 2012 Retrieved 26 July 2013 Francis Leithen 10 June 2010 Vietnam Airlines formally joins SkyTeam Flightglobal Archived from the original on 8 April 2014 Vietnam Airlines Joins SkyTeam Press release SkyTeam 10 June 2010 Archived from the original on 30 August 2012 Airline Partners Vietnam Airlines Earn Miles With Airline Partners Vietnam Airlines Profile on Vietnam Airlines CAPA Centre for Aviation Archived from the original on 31 October 2016 Liu Jim 26 June 2019 Aeroflot Vietnam Airlines begins codeshare partnership from June 2019 Routesonline Retrieved 26 June 2019 Bangkok Airways and Vietnam Airlines Enter Code Share Agreement Alliance and partnerships Cathay Pacific China Southern to keep codeshares after leaving SkyTeam Flight Global Liu Jim 12 November 2018 El Al Vietnam Airlines begins codeshare partnership from Nov 2018 Routesonline Retrieved 12 November 2018 Airline Routes Air Transport World 3 October 2011 Archived from the original on 2 October 2012 Retrieved 2 October 2012 Etihad Airways has announced a codeshare agreement with Vietnam Airlines VN effective Oct 30 The agreement will allow Etihad s passengers to connect through Bangkok to Ho Chi Minh or Hanoi on VN s daily services VN passengers will be able to connect through Bangkok to Etihad s base in Abu Dhabi Garuda Indonesia and Vietnam Airlines expand codeshare Business Traveller Our Fleet Vietnam Airlines Archived from the original on 21 December 2020 Airbus Commercial Aircraft Orders and Deliveries Airbus December 2020 Archived from the original on 25 May 2021 Retrieved 12 June 2021 Vietnam Airlines seeks gov t nod for 50 50 narrowbodies Retrieved 25 June 2019 Air Lease Corporation Announces Lease Placement of Two New Airbus A320 200neo Aircraft with Vietnam Airlines Retrieved 19 July 2019 Our Fleet Vietnam Airlines Retrieved 20 December 2018 SkyTeam Livery Fact Sheet PDF SkyTeam Archived from the original PDF on 27 December 2014 May bay A321neo đầu tien gia nhập đội bay Vietnam Airlines Zing News in Vietnamese Retrieved 22 November 2018 a b Vietnam Airlines readies to enter US market with Ho Chi Minh LAX following A350 900 HGW order CAPA Centre for Aviation 9 September 2016 Archived from the original on 10 September 2016 Vietnam Airlines Offers Two ATR 72s For 6 Month Wet Lease www simpleflying com Retrieved 5 June 2021 Hofmann Kurt 17 February 2015 Vietnam Airlines to receive first 787 9 in May A350 900 in June Air Transport World Archived from the original on 18 February 2015 Vietnam Airlines Fleet www airfleets net Cảnh phun sơn sieu may bay Boeing 787 10 đi thue mới nhất của Việt Nam Zing News in Vietnamese Retrieved 10 July 2019 Air Lease Corporation Announces Placements of 12 New Airbus A321neo Aircraft with Vietnam Airlines Press release Air Lease Corporation 18 October 2016 Retrieved 17 November 2016 Profile for Vietnam Airlines AeroTransport Data Bank 15 June 2013 Archived from the original on 15 June 2013 Vietnam Airlines retires last A330 amid fleet transformation FlightGlobal 13 September 2019 Vietnam Air replaces ageing turboprop fleet Vietnam News Agency 25 August 2009 Archived from the original on 29 November 2014 Retrieved 10 August 2013 Vietnam Airlines Ch Aviation Archived from the original on 10 April 2014 Cac hang bay mới ở Việt Nam mất bao lau để cất canh Vietnam Finance in Vietnamese 23 August 2019 Vietnam nears decision on long haul fleet Flightglobal Flight International 11 June 1997 Archived from the original on 13 September 2014 Inflight Entertainment Vietnam Airlines Archived from the original on 22 April 2014 Retrieved 8 July 2013 a b The Experience Business Class Vietnam Airlines Archived from the original on 4 October 2013 Retrieved 25 March 2010 Vietnam Airlines Boeing 777 200ER layout Seat Expert Archived from the original on 30 October 2013 Retrieved 29 March 2010 Vietnam Airlines eTravel Blackboard 2 May 2011 Archived from the original on 7 March 2012 Retrieved 28 July 2013 Premium Economy Class Vietnam Airlines Retrieved 3 October 2019 Economy Class Vietnam Airlines Retrieved 3 October 2019 Economy Class Vietnam Airlines Archived from the original on 28 November 2011 Retrieved 25 March 2010 Vietnam Airlines accident record Aviation Safety Network Archived from the original on 3 February 2014 Retrieved 28 July 2013 Ranter Harro ASN Aircraft accident Tupolev 134A VN A102 Bangkok Don Muang International Airport BKK aviation safety net Retrieved 27 September 2018 Accident description for VN A120 at the Aviation Safety Network Retrieved on 26 October 2011 Accident description for VN A449 at the Aviation Safety Network Retrieved on 26 October 2011 Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network Retrieved on 26 October 2011 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Vietnam Airlines Official website Vietnam Airlines Cargo Services Vietnam Airlines pre IPO outlook rapid growth as 787s amp A350s arrive but competition intensifies Centre for Aviation 1 April 2014 Archived from the original on 1 April 2014 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Vietnam Airlines amp oldid 1053352675, wikipedia, wiki, book,

books

, library,

article

, read, download, free, free download, mp3, video, mp4, 3gp, jpg, jpeg, gif, png, picture, music, song, movie, book, game, games.