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Wikipedia

Vigan

Vigan, officially the City of Vigan (Ilocano: Siudad ti Vigan; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Vigan), is a 4th class component city and capital of the province of Ilocos Sur, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 53,935 people.

Vigan
City of Vigan
Calle Crisólogo
Flag
Seal
Nickname(s):
Heritage City
Motto(s):
Viva Vigan!
Anthem: "vigan,vigan,vigan"
Map of Ilocos Sur with Vigan highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Vigan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates:17°34′29″N120°23′13″E /17.57472°N 120.38694°E /17.57472; 120.38694Coordinates: 17°34′29″N120°23′13″E /17.57472°N 120.38694°E /17.57472; 120.38694
CountryPhilippines
RegionIlocos Region
ProvinceIlocos Sur
District 1st district
Founded1572
CityhoodJanuary 22, 2001
Barangays39 (see Barangays)
Government
• TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
MayorJuan Carlo S. Medina
Vice MayorLourdes D. Baquiran
RepresentativeDeogracias Victor B. Savellano
City Council
Members
  • Janina Carine S. Medina-Fariñas
  • John Patrick A. Singson
  • Kisses Marquisse G. Agdamag-Lim
  • Joy Benette A. Orio
  • Liborio F. Arca
  • Francisco Arturo O. Ranches III
  • Hermenigildo A. Apelin
  • Kristen Benedict B. Figuerres
  • Ramil A. Arce
  • Reymundo I. Florentino
Electorate31,817 voters (2019)
Area
• Total25.12 km2 (9.70 sq mi)
Elevation
69 m (226 ft)
Highest elevation
1,104 m (3,622 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
(2020 census)
• Total53,935
• Density2,100/km2 (5,600/sq mi)
Households
11,106
Economy
Income class4th city income class
Poverty incidence8.73% (2015)
Revenue₱604,334,203.72 (2020)
Assets₱1,830,579,560.57 (2020)
Expenditure₱520,148,115.34 (2020)
Liabilities₱320,775,347.57 (2020)
Service provider
ElectricityIlocos Sur Electric Cooperative (ISECO)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
2700
PSGC
IDD: area code+63 (0)77
Native languagesIlocano
Tagalog
Websitewww.vigancity.gov.ph
Official nameHistoric City of Vigan
CriteriaCultural: (ii), (iv)
Reference502rev
Inscription1999 (23rd Session)

Located on the western coast of the large island of Luzon, facing the South China Sea, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and it is one of the few Spanish colonial towns left in the Philippines whose old structures have mostly remained intact, and it is well known for its sett pavements and a unique architecture of the Spanish Philippines colonial era which fuses Native Philippine and Oriental building designs and construction, with colonial Spanish architecture that is still abundant in the area, mainly the Bahay na Bato houses and an Earthquake Baroque church. Former Philippine president Elpidio Quirino, the sixth President of the Philippines, was born in Vigan, at the former location of the Provincial Jail (his father was a warden); he resided in the Syquia Mansion. The entire city of Vigan was later inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage City after being declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is a member of the Organization of World Heritage Cities (OWHC).

In May 2015, Vigan City was officially recognized as one of the New7Wonders Cities together with Beirut, Doha, Durban, Havana, Kuala Lumpur and La Paz. New7Wonders Foundation president and founding member Bernard Weber led a ceremony held at St. Paul Cathedral where he handed a bronze plaque to Vigan Mayor Eva Grace Singson-Medina, signifying the heritage city's election as one of the world's wonder cities.

Contents

The area of Vigan was originally a settlement of traders coming from the Fujian Province, China. At the time of Spanish colonisation, the Chinese settlers, whose language was Southern Min (Min Nan, often referred to as "Hokkien" by most Filipinos), referred to the area as Bee Gan (Chinese:美岸; pinyin: měi'àn; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: bí-gān), which means "Beautiful Shore." Since the Spanish conquistadors interchanged V and the B to refer to the /b/ sound, they spelled the Hokkien Chinese name "Bee Gan" as Vigan, which is the name used to this day.

Vigan's Chinese heritage is still evident from the numerous elite Chinese creole families who come from the area, many of whom adopted Hispanic family names. Others, such as the Syquia family, have retained Chinese-derived surnames, though most, if not all, of the Christian Chinese creole families fully Hispanicised themselves culturally.

The most commonly known source of the city's name is from the Biga'a plant, which once grew abundantly along the banks of the Mestizo River, from which captain Juan de Salcedo derived the city's name (after a misunderstanding with the locals, thinking he was asking the name of the plants).

Other names

The city's full name at the time of its Spanish foundation was Villa Fernandina, or "Town of Ferdinand", in honor of Prince Ferdinand, the firstborn son of King Philip II of Spain. As the city grew, and the seat of the Archdiocese of Nueva Segovia transferred to Vigan, it was later renamed Ciudad Fernandina de Vigan ("Ferdinand's City of Vigan/Fernandine City of Vigan").

Due to silting of the Mestizo River, Vigan City is no longer separated from the mainland, therefore no longer an island. The city is unique in the Philippines because it is one of many extensive surviving Philippine historic cities, dating back to the 16th century.

Vigan was a coastal trading post long before the Spaniards arrived; Chinese traders sailing from the West Philippine Sea came to Isla de Vigan (Island of Vigan) via the Mestizo River that surrounded it. On board their ships were seafaring merchants who came to trade goods from other Asian kingdoms in exchange for gold, beeswax, and other mountain products brought by the indigenous peoples from the Cordillera region.

In the book The Philippine Island (Vol. III, p. 276, Blair and Robertson) two letters from Governor-General Guido de Lavezaris to King Philip II of Spain mention: "It seemed best to send Captain Juan de Salcedo with 70 or 80 soldiers to explore the coast of Los Ilocanos on the shores of the river called Bigan." The Spaniards led by Salcedo marched north from Manila on May 20, 1572. They arrived in Vigan on June 13, 1572. Tirad Pass, declared a National Shrine, had been the last stand of the Filipino Revolutionary Forces under General Emilio Aguinaldo during the same period. [1]

Thus, after the successful expedition and the exploration of the North, Juan de Salcedo founded "Villa Fernandina de Vigan" in honor of King Philip II's son, Prince Ferdinand, who died at the age of four. From Vigan, Salcedo rounded the tip of Luzón and proceeded to pacify Camarines, Albay, and Catanduanes. As a reward for his services to the King of Spain, Salcedo was awarded the old province of Ilocos, which consisted of the modern provinces of Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Abra, La Union and part of Mountain Province as his hacienda (estate), and was accorded the title of Justicia Mayor de esta Provincia de Ylocos (Province Mayor of Ilocos).

In 1574, Salcedo returned to the capital of his encomienda (trusteeship), Vigan, bringing with him his soldiers and some Augustinian missionaries to pioneer the evangelization of the Ilocos region. He established a Spanish city for the purpose of controlling the neighboring country.

Governor General Gómez Pérez Dasmariñas, in his account of encomienda dated in Manila on May 31, 1591, states: "The town of Vigan called Villa Fernandina consisted of Spanish settlers; a priest; a Justice Alcalde Mayor (Governor); and a Deputy. The King collects 800 tributes (equivalent to 3,200 subjects)." During this period, Vigan was composed of 19 barrios (districts).

Between 1645 and 1660, Vigan was divided into 21 Cabezas de Barrio (Town Mayors) as mentioned in the Libro de Casamiento (Book of Marriage); from the records of the parish house of Vigan found in its archives. Separated from the indigenous population, the Chinese migrants were residents in a neighbourhood called El Pariancillo, los Sangleyes del parian (The Sangleyes of the Parian); and the Spanish settlers were residents in a town called Los Españoles de la Villa (The Town Spaniards).

During the Philippine Revolution, revolutionary forces under Manuel Tinio, supported by the Ilocano rebels, attacked and defeated the Spanish colonial forces and captured the city in the Siege of Vigan. During the Philippine–American War, American forces led by Commander McCracken and Lt. Col. James Parker occupied the town in Nov. 1899.

At the start of World War II, Vigan was one of the first places in the Philippines invaded by Japan on 10 December 1941. In 1945, combined U.S. and Philippine Commonwealth ground troops, aided by Ilocano resistance fighters, defeated the Japanese Imperial forces and liberated Vigan.

In 1999, Vigan was listed by UNESCO as the best preserved example of Spanish colonial towns in Asia. Its architecture is the conglomeration of cultural elements from the Philippines, China, and Spain, making it unique in the world.

Republic Act No. 8988 of December 27, 2000 "revalidated and recognized" Vigan's city status granted by royal decree in the mid 18th century. This legislation serves as Vigan's present city charter.

On December 7, 2014, Vigan was named as one of the New7Wonders Cities.

Vigan coast

Vigan can be found 120 23’ 15’’ east longitude and 17 34’ 30’’ north latitude. It is situated in the northern part of Luzon, the Philippines’ largest island. It serves as the capital of Ilocos Sur and has been a major political and trading center since before the Spanish colonizers arrived in the Philippines.

Its favorable geographical features and location continues to make it a very accessible center. It is 407 kilometres (253 mi) away from Manila, 82 kilometres (51 mi) away from Laoag City, and 138 kilometres (86 mi) away from San Fernando, La Union, the regional capital of Ilocos Region.

Topography

Its 2,511 hectares of land consists mostly of plains with gentle hills. Its boundaries on the north, east, south, and west are the municipalities of Bantay, Santa, Caoayan, and Santa Catalina, respectively. The South China Sea is on its southwest portion.

Majority of its land, 60 percent of it, is used for agriculture. Around 32 percent is made up of residential area, nearly three percent are for commercial and industrial use, and around one percent is for institutional purposes. There are also forest reserves and fishponds included in Vigan's land area.

Vigan is made up of 39 barangays. Thirty of them are classified as rural, but they occupy only 2,366 hectares. The remaining nine are classified as poblacion barangays and are together 144.75 hectares big.

The barangays of Pagburnayan, Paoa, and Tamag are on the area of rolling plains. On the other hand, portions of Barangays Tamag and the barangays of Bulala and Salindeg are found on the city's hilly parts.

Its most dominant hill feature is the Vigan Gap Hill in the eastern part, just 10 kilometers away from the city. Vigan used to be separated from the rest of the mainland by the rivers of Abra, Mestizo and Govantes, making it an island during that time. The Govantes River cuts the current Vigan plain from North to South.

The large Abra and Mestizo rivers, together with the rivers of Bantay, Bantaoay, Nauman and Santo Tomas serve as part of a network that drain the Vigan plains. These rivers are not only important in safekeeping the city from floods, they also served as important ways of transport for trade-related activities from the 15th century to the 19th century, that helped make Vigan a thriving center. The most vital of these rivers is said to be the Mestizo River which was used by the small vessels to transport goods and people.

There is a faulting trend in the Vigan plain that ends in Santa Catalina.

Soil type

The land area of Vigan is generally flat. Slopes of 20 are found at Barangay V, Tamag, and Paoa. There are no forest reserves in the city in terms of potential and raw materials. Bamboo is the only forest product in Vigan.

There are five soil types in the city. First, the Bantay Loam, located at the southern portion of Raois, has a land area of 36.67 hectares, and is good as pastureland. The second, Umingan sandy, with a land area of 1191.57 hectares, is good for upland rice and vegetables. The third, San Manuel clay loam, which is best for bananas, cotton and vegetables, has an area of 1244.57 hectares. The fourth, Bantog clay—considered as the most significant type for soil, and the best clay material for making pots, jars and all earthenware, has a land area of 31.65 hectares. The fifth, beach sand, with a land area of 7.28 hectares, is generally found on the shores of all the beaches of Vigan, and is best for coconut plantation.

Barangays

Vigan City is subdivided into 39 barrios or barangays.

  • Ayusan Norte
  • Ayusan Sur
  • Barangay I (Poblacion)
  • Barangay II (Poblacion)
  • Barangay III (Poblacion)
  • Barangay IV (Poblacion)
  • Barangay V (Poblacion)
  • Barangay VI (Poblacion)
  • Barangay VII (Poblacion)
  • Barangay VIII (Poblacion)
  • Barangay IX (Poblacion)
  • Barraca
  • Beddeng Daya
  • Beddeng Laud
  • Bongtolan
  • Bulala
  • Cabalangegan
  • Cabaroan Daya
  • Cabaroan Laud
  • Camangaan
  • Capangpangan
  • Mindoro
  • Nagsangalan
  • Pantay Daya
  • Pantay Fatima
  • Pantay Laud
  • Paoa
  • Paratong
  • Pong-ol
  • Purok-a-bassit
  • Purok-a-dackel
  • Raois
  • Rugsuanan
  • Salindeg
  • San Jose
  • San Julian Norte
  • San Julian Sur
  • San Pedro
  • Tamag

Geologic base and mineral resources

The sedimentary and metamorphic rocks that are present in the city are alluvium, fluviatile, lacuatine, pludal and beach deposits such as coral, stools, and beach rock. These are predominantly found along the coastal areas of Vigan. An important non-metallic mineral resource found in Vigan is the kind of clay that is used in making earthen jars locally called burnay. Earthenware of different uses and sizes are made of this kind of clay. Known as Bantog clay, the mineral is the basic material in making bricks. These bricks are the original materials in building the Hispanic houses of Vigan.

Physiography

Vigan is situated in a Quaternary Age sedimentary plain called the Vigan-Bantay Plain which is part of the Ilocos coastal plain. The Vigan-Bantay Plain is bounded on the east by a moderately rugged Miocene sediments consisting of interbedded sandstones and shale to very rugged Meta-volcanics and Meta sediment topography; on the south is the Municipality of Santa where the north–south trending fault terminates; to the west is the South China Sea; while the northern boundary opens to the northern extension of the Ilocos coastal plain.

The central part of the plain is characterized by a dissected ridge of Plio-Pleistocene age that trends in a northeast–southwest direction. The ridge divides the Vigan-Bantay Plain into northern and southern plains.

The northern part of the plain is drained by minor rivers namely: Bantaoay, Santo Tomas, and Nauman rivers, while the Abra River is the main drainage network of the southern portion of the plain. The Abra River meanders into the hinterland but exhibits a braided pattern across the plain.

The drainage network of the eastern margin of Vigan-Bantay plain consist of deeply cut valleys whose pattern is strongly controlled by main faulting trends, particularly those in the northerly and easterly directions.

Vigan is being drained by the Vigan River and Bantay River, respectively, on the north and on the south by Mestizo River whose water discharge comes from the Bantaoay head waters.

The relief of the Vigan-Bantay plain is actively level to undulating with a slope ranging from 0% to 8%. Vigan in particular is generally in level with several hills in Barangays Tamag, Bulala, and Salindeg, sometimes reaching about 50 meters in elevation and has a slope ranging from 3% to 8%.

The eastern margin of the plain characterized by a steep to very steep slope, about 40% to 60%, the relief often reaches an elevation of more that 600 meters especially the northerly and easterly portion.

The dominant topographic feature in the eastern margin of the town is the Vigan Gap Hill where the continuously shifting Vigan River cuts its way. The Gap Hill is located approximately 10 kilometers east of Vigan.

Weather and climate

Climate data for Vigan (1981–2010, extremes 1903–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.6
(96.1)
35.3
(95.5)
36.9
(98.4)
38.8
(101.8)
38.2
(100.8)
38.2
(100.8)
35.4
(95.7)
36.9
(98.4)
35.1
(95.2)
39.3
(102.7)
36.7
(98.1)
35.5
(95.9)
39.3
(102.7)
Average high °C (°F) 30.4
(86.7)
30.9
(87.6)
32.0
(89.6)
33.3
(91.9)
33.2
(91.8)
32.0
(89.6)
31.3
(88.3)
30.6
(87.1)
31.0
(87.8)
31.5
(88.7)
31.5
(88.7)
30.8
(87.4)
31.6
(88.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.8
(78.4)
26.2
(79.2)
27.6
(81.7)
28.9
(84.0)
29.0
(84.2)
28.2
(82.8)
27.6
(81.7)
27.2
(81.0)
27.4
(81.3)
27.5
(81.5)
27.3
(81.1)
26.3
(79.3)
27.4
(81.3)
Average low °C (°F) 21.1
(70.0)
21.6
(70.9)
23.1
(73.6)
24.5
(76.1)
24.8
(76.6)
24.3
(75.7)
23.9
(75.0)
23.7
(74.7)
23.7
(74.7)
23.4
(74.1)
23.0
(73.4)
21.8
(71.2)
23.3
(73.9)
Record low °C (°F) 13.5
(56.3)
14.0
(57.2)
16.0
(60.8)
19.5
(67.1)
19.6
(67.3)
16.8
(62.2)
17.8
(64.0)
17.0
(62.6)
19.0
(66.2)
17.2
(63.0)
15.4
(59.7)
14.5
(58.1)
13.5
(56.3)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 3.5
(0.14)
3.9
(0.15)
5.4
(0.21)
16.1
(0.63)
194.5
(7.66)
321.8
(12.67)
536.3
(21.11)
630.3
(24.81)
382.6
(15.06)
143.8
(5.66)
36.3
(1.43)
2.9
(0.11)
2,277.4
(89.66)
Average rainy days(≥ 0.1 mm) 1 1 1 2 10 16 20 21 16 8 3 1 100
Average relative humidity (%) 72 73 73 74 77 81 84 84 83 80 77 72 78
Source: PAGASA

The city of Vigan falls under (tropical savanna), which is characterized by two pronounced seasons – the dry season which starts from the month of November and ends in April; and the wet season which spans the months of May to October. The average annual rainfall is 2,506 millimetres (98.66 in) and the heaviest registered rainfall is 6,933 millimetres (272.95 in).

The average temperature is 26 °C. The average warmest temperature is 30.9 °C and the average coldest temperature is 21.1 °C. An average of 7-10 typhoons visit Vigan annually. The average relative humidity is 81%.

Ilocos Sur Capitol
Population census of Vigan
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 14,945
1918 17,765+1.16%
1939 20,939+0.79%
1948 21,067+0.07%
1960 25,990+1.77%
1970 30,252+1.53%
1975 31,971+1.11%
1980 33,483+0.93%
1990 38,574+1.43%
1995 42,067+1.64%
2000 45,143+1.52%
2007 47,246+0.63%
2010 49,747+1.89%
2015 53,879+1.53%
2020 53,935+0.02%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority

In the 2020 census, Vigan had a population of 53,935. The population density was 2,100 inhabitants per square kilometre (5,400/sq mi).

Poverty Incidence of Vigan
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority
Calle Crisologo in March 2012
Calle Crisologo at night
Plaza Salcedo and Vigan Cathedral

When Juan de Salcedo founded Vigan in 1572, he decided to pattern its urban plan with that of Intramuros, the walled city in Manila.

The urban planners of the Spanish government also followed a basic pattern that can be observed in most old towns in the country, whose establishment dates back to the Spanish colonial period. This pattern is detailed in the Ley de las Indias, the Law of the Indies, and was put into force in the 18th century. Under the Law of the Indies streets were to follow a grid pattern, the center of which being a plaza or central park.

In Vigan, the central park is the Plaza Salcedo. Next to it are the administrative buildings—the Casa Real or provincial administrative office, and the municipio (municipal hall). A stone's throw away are the religious buildings—the seminary of the archdiocese, the Arzobispado (Archbishop's Palace), and the St. Paul's Cathedral. Beside these religious structures is the church-run school, the Saint Paul College, known in its early days as the Colegio de Niñas. After the full transfer of the said school to the neighboring towns of Bantay and San Vicente, the building was handed over to the Archdiocese of Nueva Segovia and is currently being occupied by a retail store chain, with only a commemorative plaque at the building's entrance and the old "ROSARY COLLEGE" concrete sign at its rear reminding visitors of its past (the school's old logo, once found at the building's facade, has been removed sometime later).

A unique thing is the existence of another plaza, the Plaza Burgos, which is immediately beside the St. Paul's Cathedral. After the first tier emanating from Plaza Salcedo are the houses of prominent residents that now make up the preserved heritage houses of Vigan. This urban plan remained relatively intact despite wars and natural calamities that have been endured by Vigan since its foundation.

The major changes to the original urban landscape were caused by fires. The Casa Real was replaced with a provincial capitol building during the American period when the original structure burned down. The archdiocese seminary was also destroyed by fire in 1968, and it lay in ruins until the late 1990s, when part of a shopping mall was built on the site.

The residential areas were not spared. Some of the houses on Crisologo Street were casualties of fire during the Japanese period; several houses on Quezon Avenue were destroyed by fire as well in 1952; while in 1971, some houses near Plaza Burgos burned down as well. The houses along Crisologo Street that were burned were later reconstructed faithfully following the architecture of the former structures.

Presently, there are other major areas of activities other than the two plazas, though these are still where most recreation and shopping are done. One may also go to the southern part of the city to reach the commercial area and public market. The current Public Market is a new one, as the old one (formerly the Imelda Socio-Commercial Complex), on the same site, was (also) destroyed by fire. A new mall (opened in December 2017) has risen from the site of the city's first Public Market, found in the center of the business district, after being the site of some business establishments and a tricycle-for-hire terminal.

Popular sites include Calle Crisologo located in the Mestizo district- the old quarters of the city. Syquia Mansion Museum, Plaza Salcedo's Dancing Fountain, Padre Burgos House, and the National Museum of the Philippines. Nearby is the Bantay Church Bell Tower. Of special note is the Hotel Luna, which houses an extensive collection of art, including La Mandolinera by Jose Luna. Centuries-old Sta. Maria Church, designated also as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. [2]

Kalesa, one of the modes of transportation in Vigan

Metro transport

Modes of transport within the city are purely land-based. Vehicles for public use include jeepneys, tricycles, vans-for-hire (or PUVs/public utility vehicles) and calesas (horse-drawn vehicles). Buses, mini-buses and jeepneys provide transportation to and from Vigan. The metro Vigan transport system is mostly served by tricycles, which are color- and number-coded to identify their municipality of origin.

Land transportation

Vigan City is well-served by a network of roads and a major highway that connects to Manila North Road, the highway leading to Manila and the rest of the country. Major bus companies such as Dominion Bus Lines, Viron Transit, Partas, and Aniceto/St. Joseph operate terminals in Vigan. GMW Florida Transport operates a terminal in Bantay, just outside Vigan. Bus companies such as Maria de Leon and Fariñas pass by Vigan on their way to Laoag. They operate direct and/or indirect bus services from Vigan City to points in Luzon, mostly to Manila, Baguio, and Laoag and vice versa. There are also independent bus operators plying the Laoag-Vigan-Carmen and Vigan-Abra routes, and have a joint terminal found at the New Vigan Public Market Annex. A taxi service started operating in 2019, just before the COViD-19 pandemic struck.

Air transportation

A secondary airport called Mindoro Airport (also known as Vigan Airport) is located at Barangay Mindoro. It has one asphalted runway, 900 meters long and 30 meters wide. The airport was once a dormant asset of the city for it does not generate revenue, with only chartered and private planes using it; it is currently being upgraded and is on its way toward commercialization.

The old seal of Vigan when it was a municipality (1991-2001). Despite the seal being made before it became a city in 2000, it is still registered with the NHCP.
  • University of Northern Philippines Main Campus — in Barangay Tamag. It is the oldest state university in Northern Luzon, founded by virtue of Republic Act 4449, authored by Congressman Floro Crisologo.
  • Divine Word College of Vigan (formerly known as the Colegio de la Inmaculada Concepción) — the second oldest privately funded school in Ilocos Sur, founded by priests belonging to the Society of the Divine Word (SVD).
  • Macro Colleges Inc. — the first computer college in the province, having evolved from being the first shop in Ilocos Sur to offer computer-based services. The school is now K-to-12 College, located at Quezon Avenue. Currently operated by the Nueva Segovia Consortium of Cooperatives.
  • Ilocos Sur National High School (ISNHS) — the major national high school in the province.
  • Lyceum de Ylocos — is a new school offering Technical-Vocational courses and is a registered Senior High School offering various Tracks that include ABM, GAS, HUMSS and TLE-Technical-Vocational Courses. Situated at the heart of the Heritage City, 3F Vigan Landmark Building, Barangay VIII.
  • Data Center Colleges Philippines Vigan Branch - Data Center Philippines (DCPI) first came to Ilocos Sur through a partnership with the University of Northern Philippines for its computerization efforts in the late 80s. It later evolved independently as a college offering computer- and non-computer-related courses. Formerly operating where Lyceum de Ylocos is operating today, they are currently located in a building just outside UNP's Vigan Campus.

TV Stations

  • PTV Vigan Channel 4
  • ABS-CBN Vigan Channel 11
  • BEAM TV Vigan Channel 28
  • GNN Vigan Channel 30
  • TV5 Vigan Channel 32
  • ABS-CBN Sports+Action Vigan Channel 34
  • UNTV Vigan Channel 36
  • Sonshine TV Vigan Channel 38
  • GMA News TV Vigan Channel 40
  • ETC Vigan Channel 42
  • One Sports Vigan Channel 46
  • GMA Vigan Channel 48

Cable & Satellite

Radio

AM Stations:

FM Stations:

Local International
  1. City of Vigan | (DILG)
  2. "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density"(PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived(PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. RetrievedJuly 16, 2021.
  3. Census of Population (2020). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved8 July 2021.
  4. https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  5. Tejada, Ariel Paolo (9 May 2015). "Vigan declared 'Wonder City'". The Philippine Star. Manila. Archived from the original on 28 January 2016. Retrieved19 September 2015.
  6. Vigan named as one of the New7Wonders
  7. De la Torre, Visitacion (2006). The Ilocos Heritage. Makati: Tower Book House. p. 2. ISBN 978-971-91030-9-7.
  8. "Province: Ilocos Sur". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved12 November 2016.
  9. "Vigan City, Ilocos Sur Climatological Normal Values". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on 18 October 2018. Retrieved18 October 2018.
  10. "Vigan City, Ilocos Sur Climatological Extremes". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on 18 October 2018. Retrieved18 October 2018.
  11. Census of Population (2015). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved20 June 2016.
  12. Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved29 June 2016.
  13. Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  14. "Province of Ilocos Sur". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved17 December 2016.
  15. "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved28 December 2020.
  16. https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  18. https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  19. https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  20. https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  21. "Calle Crisologo- Mena Crisologo Street". Vigan.ph. Retrieved7 March 2020.
  22. "Syquia Mansion of President Elpidio Quirino". Vigan.ph. Retrieved7 March 2020.
  23. "Vigan Travel: Historical Plaza Salcedo Turns into a Spectacle of Lights at Night". Philippine Primer. Retrieved8 March 2020.
  24. "Padre Burgos House". National Museum of the Philippines. Retrieved8 March 2020.
  25. Cimatu, Frank. "Old Ilocos Sur jail nowan art center". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved8 March 2020.
  26. "Why revitalizing hotels with art is a good strategy". F&B Report. Retrieved8 March 2020.
  27. "A RESOLUTION EXTENDING AN INVITATION TO THE CITY OF TAGUIG TO BECOME A SISTER CITY OF VIGAN, ILOCOS SUR"(PDF). City of Vigan. February 18, 2008.[permanent dead link]
  28. Lester V. Ledesma. "Sister Cities (Vigan and Melaka living parallel lives)". Cebu Smile. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved25 September 2015.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toVigan City.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Vigan.

Vigan
Vigan Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Vigan City Vigan officially the City of Vigan Ilocano Siudad ti Vigan Tagalog Lungsod ng Vigan is a 4th class component city and capital of the province of Ilocos Sur Philippines According to the 2020 census it has a population of 53 935 people 3 ViganComponent cityCity of ViganCalle CrisologoFlagSealNickname s Heritage CityMotto s Viva Vigan Anthem vigan vigan vigan Map of Ilocos Sur with Vigan highlightedOpenStreetMapViganLocation within the PhilippinesCoordinates 17 34 29 N 120 23 13 E 17 57472 N 120 38694 E 17 57472 120 38694 Coordinates 17 34 29 N 120 23 13 E 17 57472 N 120 38694 E 17 57472 120 38694CountryPhilippinesRegionIlocos RegionProvinceIlocos SurDistrict1st districtFounded1572CityhoodJanuary 22 2001Barangays39 see Barangays Government 1 TypeSangguniang Panlungsod MayorJuan Carlo S Medina Vice MayorLourdes D Baquiran RepresentativeDeogracias Victor B Savellano City CouncilMembers Janina Carine S Medina FarinasJohn Patrick A SingsonKisses Marquisse G Agdamag LimJoy Benette A OrioLiborio F ArcaFrancisco Arturo O Ranches IIIHermenigildo A ApelinKristen Benedict B FiguerresRamil A ArceReymundo I Florentino Electorate31 817 voters 2019 Area 2 Total25 12 km2 9 70 sq mi Elevation69 m 226 ft Highest elevation1 104 m 3 622 ft Lowest elevation0 m 0 ft Population 2020 census 3 Total53 935 Density2 100 km2 5 600 sq mi Households11 106Economy Income class4th city income class Poverty incidence8 73 2015 4 Revenue 604 334 203 72 2020 Assets 1 830 579 560 57 2020 Expenditure 520 148 115 34 2020 Liabilities 320 775 347 57 2020 Service provider ElectricityIlocos Sur Electric Cooperative ISECO Time zoneUTC 8 PST ZIP code2700PSGC012934000IDD area code 63 0 77Native languagesIlocano TagalogWebsitewww wbr vigancity wbr gov wbr phUNESCO World Heritage SiteOfficial nameHistoric City of ViganCriteriaCultural ii iv Reference502revInscription1999 23rd Session Located on the western coast of the large island of Luzon facing the South China Sea it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and it is one of the few Spanish colonial towns left in the Philippines whose old structures have mostly remained intact and it is well known for its sett pavements and a unique architecture of the Spanish Philippines colonial era which fuses Native Philippine and Oriental building designs and construction with colonial Spanish architecture that is still abundant in the area mainly the Bahay na Bato houses and an Earthquake Baroque church Former Philippine president Elpidio Quirino the sixth President of the Philippines was born in Vigan at the former location of the Provincial Jail his father was a warden he resided in the Syquia Mansion The entire city of Vigan was later inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage City after being declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site It is a member of the Organization of World Heritage Cities OWHC In May 2015 Vigan City was officially recognized as one of the New7Wonders Cities together with Beirut Doha Durban Havana Kuala Lumpur and La Paz 5 New7Wonders Foundation president and founding member Bernard Weber led a ceremony held at St Paul Cathedral where he handed a bronze plaque to Vigan Mayor Eva Grace Singson Medina signifying the heritage city s election as one of the world s wonder cities 6 Contents 1 Etymology 1 1 Other names 2 History 3 Geography 3 1 Topography 3 2 Soil type 3 3 Barangays 3 4 Geologic base and mineral resources 3 5 Physiography 3 6 Weather and climate 4 Demographics 5 Economy 6 Architecture 7 Tourism 8 Transportation 8 1 Metro transport 8 2 Land transportation 8 3 Air transportation 9 Education 10 Media 10 1 TV Stations 10 2 Cable amp Satellite 10 3 Radio 11 Sister cities 12 References 13 External linksEtymology EditThe area of Vigan was originally a settlement of traders coming from the Fujian Province China At the time of Spanish colonisation the Chinese settlers whose language was Southern Min Min Nan often referred to as Hokkien by most Filipinos referred to the area as Bee Gan Chinese 美岸 pinyin mei an Pe h ōe ji bi gan which means Beautiful Shore Since the Spanish conquistadors interchanged V and the B to refer to the b sound they spelled the Hokkien Chinese name Bee Gan as Vigan which is the name used to this day Vigan s Chinese heritage is still evident from the numerous elite Chinese creole families who come from the area many of whom adopted Hispanic family names Others such as the Syquia family have retained Chinese derived surnames though most if not all of the Christian Chinese creole families fully Hispanicised themselves culturally The most commonly known source of the city s name is from the Biga a plant which once grew abundantly along the banks of the Mestizo River from which captain Juan de Salcedo derived the city s name after a misunderstanding with the locals thinking he was asking the name of the plants Other names Edit The city s full name at the time of its Spanish foundation was Villa Fernandina or Town of Ferdinand in honor of Prince Ferdinand the firstborn son of King Philip II of Spain As the city grew and the seat of the Archdiocese of Nueva Segovia transferred to Vigan it was later renamed Ciudad Fernandina de Vigan Ferdinand s City of Vigan Fernandine City of Vigan History EditDue to silting of the Mestizo River Vigan City is no longer separated from the mainland therefore no longer an island The city is unique in the Philippines because it is one of many extensive surviving Philippine historic cities dating back to the 16th century Vigan was a coastal trading post long before the Spaniards arrived Chinese traders sailing from the West Philippine Sea came to Isla de Vigan Island of Vigan via the Mestizo River that surrounded it On board their ships were seafaring merchants who came to trade goods from other Asian kingdoms in exchange for gold beeswax and other mountain products brought by the indigenous peoples from the Cordillera region In the book The Philippine Island Vol III p 276 Blair and Robertson two letters from Governor General Guido de Lavezaris to King Philip II of Spain mention It seemed best to send Captain Juan de Salcedo with 70 or 80 soldiers to explore the coast of Los Ilocanos on the shores of the river called Bigan The Spaniards led by Salcedo marched north from Manila on May 20 1572 They arrived in Vigan on June 13 1572 7 Tirad Pass declared a National Shrine had been the last stand of the Filipino Revolutionary Forces under General Emilio Aguinaldo during the same period 1 Thus after the successful expedition and the exploration of the North Juan de Salcedo founded Villa Fernandina de Vigan in honor of King Philip II s son Prince Ferdinand who died at the age of four From Vigan Salcedo rounded the tip of Luzon and proceeded to pacify Camarines Albay and Catanduanes As a reward for his services to the King of Spain Salcedo was awarded the old province of Ilocos which consisted of the modern provinces of Ilocos Norte Ilocos Sur Abra La Union and part of Mountain Province as his hacienda estate and was accorded the title of Justicia Mayor de esta Provincia de Ylocos Province Mayor of Ilocos In 1574 Salcedo returned to the capital of his encomienda trusteeship Vigan bringing with him his soldiers and some Augustinian missionaries to pioneer the evangelization of the Ilocos region He established a Spanish city for the purpose of controlling the neighboring country Governor General Gomez Perez Dasmarinas in his account of encomienda dated in Manila on May 31 1591 states The town of Vigan called Villa Fernandina consisted of Spanish settlers a priest a Justice Alcalde Mayor Governor and a Deputy The King collects 800 tributes equivalent to 3 200 subjects During this period Vigan was composed of 19 barrios districts Between 1645 and 1660 Vigan was divided into 21 Cabezas de Barrio Town Mayors as mentioned in the Libro de Casamiento Book of Marriage from the records of the parish house of Vigan found in its archives Separated from the indigenous population the Chinese migrants were residents in a neighbourhood called El Pariancillo los Sangleyes del parian The Sangleyes of the Parian and the Spanish settlers were residents in a town called Los Espanoles de la Villa The Town Spaniards During the Philippine Revolution revolutionary forces under Manuel Tinio supported by the Ilocano rebels attacked and defeated the Spanish colonial forces and captured the city in the Siege of Vigan During the Philippine American War American forces led by Commander McCracken and Lt Col James Parker occupied the town in Nov 1899 At the start of World War II Vigan was one of the first places in the Philippines invaded by Japan on 10 December 1941 In 1945 combined U S and Philippine Commonwealth ground troops aided by Ilocano resistance fighters defeated the Japanese Imperial forces and liberated Vigan In 1999 Vigan was listed by UNESCO as the best preserved example of Spanish colonial towns in Asia Its architecture is the conglomeration of cultural elements from the Philippines China and Spain making it unique in the world Republic Act No 8988 of December 27 2000 revalidated and recognized Vigan s city status granted by royal decree in the mid 18th century This legislation serves as Vigan s present city charter On December 7 2014 Vigan was named as one of the New7Wonders Cities Geography Edit Vigan coast Vigan can be found 120 23 15 east longitude and 17 34 30 north latitude It is situated in the northern part of Luzon the Philippines largest island It serves as the capital of Ilocos Sur and has been a major political and trading center since before the Spanish colonizers arrived in the Philippines Its favorable geographical features and location continues to make it a very accessible center It is 407 kilometres 253 mi away from Manila 82 kilometres 51 mi away from Laoag City and 138 kilometres 86 mi away from San Fernando La Union the regional capital of Ilocos Region Topography Edit Its 2 511 hectares of land consists mostly of plains with gentle hills Its boundaries on the north east south and west are the municipalities of Bantay Santa Caoayan and Santa Catalina respectively The South China Sea is on its southwest portion Majority of its land 60 percent of it is used for agriculture Around 32 percent is made up of residential area nearly three percent are for commercial and industrial use and around one percent is for institutional purposes There are also forest reserves and fishponds included in Vigan s land area Vigan is made up of 39 barangays Thirty of them are classified as rural but they occupy only 2 366 hectares The remaining nine are classified as poblacion barangays and are together 144 75 hectares big The barangays of Pagburnayan Paoa and Tamag are on the area of rolling plains On the other hand portions of Barangays Tamag and the barangays of Bulala and Salindeg are found on the city s hilly parts Its most dominant hill feature is the Vigan Gap Hill in the eastern part just 10 kilometers away from the city Vigan used to be separated from the rest of the mainland by the rivers of Abra Mestizo and Govantes making it an island during that time The Govantes River cuts the current Vigan plain from North to South The large Abra and Mestizo rivers together with the rivers of Bantay Bantaoay Nauman and Santo Tomas serve as part of a network that drain the Vigan plains These rivers are not only important in safekeeping the city from floods they also served as important ways of transport for trade related activities from the 15th century to the 19th century that helped make Vigan a thriving center The most vital of these rivers is said to be the Mestizo River which was used by the small vessels to transport goods and people There is a faulting trend in the Vigan plain that ends in Santa Catalina Soil type Edit The land area of Vigan is generally flat Slopes of 20 are found at Barangay V Tamag and Paoa There are no forest reserves in the city in terms of potential and raw materials Bamboo is the only forest product in Vigan There are five soil types in the city First the Bantay Loam located at the southern portion of Raois has a land area of 36 67 hectares and is good as pastureland The second Umingan sandy with a land area of 1191 57 hectares is good for upland rice and vegetables The third San Manuel clay loam which is best for bananas cotton and vegetables has an area of 1244 57 hectares The fourth Bantog clay considered as the most significant type for soil and the best clay material for making pots jars and all earthenware has a land area of 31 65 hectares The fifth beach sand with a land area of 7 28 hectares is generally found on the shores of all the beaches of Vigan and is best for coconut plantation Barangays Edit Vigan City is subdivided into 39 barrios or barangays 8 Ayusan Norte Ayusan Sur Barangay I Poblacion Barangay II Poblacion Barangay III Poblacion Barangay IV Poblacion Barangay V Poblacion Barangay VI Poblacion Barangay VII Poblacion Barangay VIII Poblacion Barangay IX Poblacion Barraca Beddeng Daya Beddeng Laud Bongtolan Bulala Cabalangegan Cabaroan Daya Cabaroan Laud Camangaan Capangpangan Mindoro Nagsangalan Pantay Daya Pantay Fatima Pantay Laud Paoa Paratong Pong ol Purok a bassit Purok a dackel Raois Rugsuanan Salindeg San Jose San Julian Norte San Julian Sur San Pedro Tamag Geologic base and mineral resources Edit The sedimentary and metamorphic rocks that are present in the city are alluvium fluviatile lacuatine pludal and beach deposits such as coral stools and beach rock These are predominantly found along the coastal areas of Vigan An important non metallic mineral resource found in Vigan is the kind of clay that is used in making earthen jars locally called burnay Earthenware of different uses and sizes are made of this kind of clay Known as Bantog clay the mineral is the basic material in making bricks These bricks are the original materials in building the Hispanic houses of Vigan Physiography Edit Vigan is situated in a Quaternary Age sedimentary plain called the Vigan Bantay Plain which is part of the Ilocos coastal plain The Vigan Bantay Plain is bounded on the east by a moderately rugged Miocene sediments consisting of interbedded sandstones and shale to very rugged Meta volcanics and Meta sediment topography on the south is the Municipality of Santa where the north south trending fault terminates to the west is the South China Sea while the northern boundary opens to the northern extension of the Ilocos coastal plain The central part of the plain is characterized by a dissected ridge of Plio Pleistocene age that trends in a northeast southwest direction The ridge divides the Vigan Bantay Plain into northern and southern plains The northern part of the plain is drained by minor rivers namely Bantaoay Santo Tomas and Nauman rivers while the Abra River is the main drainage network of the southern portion of the plain The Abra River meanders into the hinterland but exhibits a braided pattern across the plain The drainage network of the eastern margin of Vigan Bantay plain consist of deeply cut valleys whose pattern is strongly controlled by main faulting trends particularly those in the northerly and easterly directions Vigan is being drained by the Vigan River and Bantay River respectively on the north and on the south by Mestizo River whose water discharge comes from the Bantaoay head waters The relief of the Vigan Bantay plain is actively level to undulating with a slope ranging from 0 to 8 Vigan in particular is generally in level with several hills in Barangays Tamag Bulala and Salindeg sometimes reaching about 50 meters in elevation and has a slope ranging from 3 to 8 The eastern margin of the plain characterized by a steep to very steep slope about 40 to 60 the relief often reaches an elevation of more that 600 meters especially the northerly and easterly portion The dominant topographic feature in the eastern margin of the town is the Vigan Gap Hill where the continuously shifting Vigan River cuts its way The Gap Hill is located approximately 10 kilometers east of Vigan Weather and climate Edit Climate data for Vigan 1981 2010 extremes 1903 2012 Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YearRecord high C F 35 6 96 1 35 3 95 5 36 9 98 4 38 8 101 8 38 2 100 8 38 2 100 8 35 4 95 7 36 9 98 4 35 1 95 2 39 3 102 7 36 7 98 1 35 5 95 9 39 3 102 7 Average high C F 30 4 86 7 30 9 87 6 32 0 89 6 33 3 91 9 33 2 91 8 32 0 89 6 31 3 88 3 30 6 87 1 31 0 87 8 31 5 88 7 31 5 88 7 30 8 87 4 31 6 88 9 Daily mean C F 25 8 78 4 26 2 79 2 27 6 81 7 28 9 84 0 29 0 84 2 28 2 82 8 27 6 81 7 27 2 81 0 27 4 81 3 27 5 81 5 27 3 81 1 26 3 79 3 27 4 81 3 Average low C F 21 1 70 0 21 6 70 9 23 1 73 6 24 5 76 1 24 8 76 6 24 3 75 7 23 9 75 0 23 7 74 7 23 7 74 7 23 4 74 1 23 0 73 4 21 8 71 2 23 3 73 9 Record low C F 13 5 56 3 14 0 57 2 16 0 60 8 19 5 67 1 19 6 67 3 16 8 62 2 17 8 64 0 17 0 62 6 19 0 66 2 17 2 63 0 15 4 59 7 14 5 58 1 13 5 56 3 Average rainfall mm inches 3 5 0 14 3 9 0 15 5 4 0 21 16 1 0 63 194 5 7 66 321 8 12 67 536 3 21 11 630 3 24 81 382 6 15 06 143 8 5 66 36 3 1 43 2 9 0 11 2 277 4 89 66 Average rainy days 0 1 mm 1 1 1 2 10 16 20 21 16 8 3 1 100Average relative humidity 72 73 73 74 77 81 84 84 83 80 77 72 78Source PAGASA 9 10 The city of Vigan falls under tropical savanna which is characterized by two pronounced seasons the dry season which starts from the month of November and ends in April and the wet season which spans the months of May to October The average annual rainfall is 2 506 millimetres 98 66 in and the heaviest registered rainfall is 6 933 millimetres 272 95 in The average temperature is 26 C The average warmest temperature is 30 9 C and the average coldest temperature is 21 1 C An average of 7 10 typhoons visit Vigan annually The average relative humidity is 81 Demographics Edit Ilocos Sur Capitol Plaza Jose Burgos Population census of ViganYearPop p a 190314 945 191817 765 1 16 193920 939 0 79 194821 067 0 07 196025 990 1 77 197030 252 1 53 197531 971 1 11 198033 483 0 93 199038 574 1 43 199542 067 1 64 200045 143 1 52 200747 246 0 63 201049 747 1 89 201553 879 1 53 202053 935 0 02 Source Philippine Statistics Authority 11 12 13 14 In the 2020 census Vigan had a population of 53 935 3 The population density was 2 100 inhabitants per square kilometre 5 400 sq mi Economy EditPoverty Incidence of ViganSource Philippine Statistics Authority 15 16 17 18 19 20 Calle Crisologo in March 2012 Calle Crisologo at nightArchitecture Edit Plaza Salcedo and Vigan Cathedral Saint Paul s Metropolitan Cathedral When Juan de Salcedo founded Vigan in 1572 he decided to pattern its urban plan with that of Intramuros the walled city in Manila The urban planners of the Spanish government also followed a basic pattern that can be observed in most old towns in the country whose establishment dates back to the Spanish colonial period This pattern is detailed in the Ley de las Indias the Law of the Indies and was put into force in the 18th century Under the Law of the Indies streets were to follow a grid pattern the center of which being a plaza or central park In Vigan the central park is the Plaza Salcedo Next to it are the administrative buildings the Casa Real or provincial administrative office and the municipio municipal hall A stone s throw away are the religious buildings the seminary of the archdiocese the Arzobispado Archbishop s Palace and the St Paul s Cathedral Beside these religious structures is the church run school the Saint Paul College known in its early days as the Colegio de Ninas After the full transfer of the said school to the neighboring towns of Bantay and San Vicente the building was handed over to the Archdiocese of Nueva Segovia and is currently being occupied by a retail store chain with only a commemorative plaque at the building s entrance and the old ROSARY COLLEGE concrete sign at its rear reminding visitors of its past the school s old logo once found at the building s facade has been removed sometime later A unique thing is the existence of another plaza the Plaza Burgos which is immediately beside the St Paul s Cathedral After the first tier emanating from Plaza Salcedo are the houses of prominent residents that now make up the preserved heritage houses of Vigan This urban plan remained relatively intact despite wars and natural calamities that have been endured by Vigan since its foundation The major changes to the original urban landscape were caused by fires The Casa Real was replaced with a provincial capitol building during the American period when the original structure burned down The archdiocese seminary was also destroyed by fire in 1968 and it lay in ruins until the late 1990s when part of a shopping mall was built on the site The residential areas were not spared Some of the houses on Crisologo Street were casualties of fire during the Japanese period several houses on Quezon Avenue were destroyed by fire as well in 1952 while in 1971 some houses near Plaza Burgos burned down as well The houses along Crisologo Street that were burned were later reconstructed faithfully following the architecture of the former structures Presently there are other major areas of activities other than the two plazas though these are still where most recreation and shopping are done One may also go to the southern part of the city to reach the commercial area and public market The current Public Market is a new one as the old one formerly the Imelda Socio Commercial Complex on the same site was also destroyed by fire A new mall opened in December 2017 has risen from the site of the city s first Public Market found in the center of the business district after being the site of some business establishments and a tricycle for hire terminal Tourism EditPopular sites include Calle Crisologo located in the Mestizo district the old quarters of the city 21 Syquia Mansion Museum 22 Plaza Salcedo s Dancing Fountain 23 Padre Burgos House 24 and the National Museum of the Philippines 25 Nearby is the Bantay Church Bell Tower Of special note is the Hotel Luna which houses an extensive collection of art including La Mandolinera by Jose Luna 26 Centuries old Sta Maria Church designated also as a UNESCO World Heritage Site 2 Transportation Edit Kalesa one of the modes of transportation in Vigan Metro transport Edit Modes of transport within the city are purely land based Vehicles for public use include jeepneys tricycles vans for hire or PUVs public utility vehicles and calesas horse drawn vehicles Buses mini buses and jeepneys provide transportation to and from Vigan The metro Vigan transport system is mostly served by tricycles which are color and number coded to identify their municipality of origin Land transportation Edit Vigan City is well served by a network of roads and a major highway that connects to Manila North Road the highway leading to Manila and the rest of the country Major bus companies such as Dominion Bus Lines Viron Transit Partas and Aniceto St Joseph operate terminals in Vigan GMW Florida Transport operates a terminal in Bantay just outside Vigan Bus companies such as Maria de Leon and Farinas pass by Vigan on their way to Laoag They operate direct and or indirect bus services from Vigan City to points in Luzon mostly to Manila Baguio and Laoag and vice versa There are also independent bus operators plying the Laoag Vigan Carmen and Vigan Abra routes and have a joint terminal found at the New Vigan Public Market Annex A taxi service started operating in 2019 just before the COViD 19 pandemic struck Air transportation Edit A secondary airport called Mindoro Airport also known as Vigan Airport is located at Barangay Mindoro It has one asphalted runway 900 meters long and 30 meters wide The airport was once a dormant asset of the city for it does not generate revenue with only chartered and private planes using it it is currently being upgraded and is on its way toward commercialization Education Edit The old seal of Vigan when it was a municipality 1991 2001 Despite the seal being made before it became a city in 2000 it is still registered with the NHCP University of Northern Philippines Main Campus in Barangay Tamag It is the oldest state university in Northern Luzon founded by virtue of Republic Act 4449 authored by Congressman Floro Crisologo Divine Word College of Vigan formerly known as the Colegio de la Inmaculada Concepcion the second oldest privately funded school in Ilocos Sur founded by priests belonging to the Society of the Divine Word SVD Macro Colleges Inc the first computer college in the province having evolved from being the first shop in Ilocos Sur to offer computer based services The school is now K to 12 College located at Quezon Avenue Currently operated by the Nueva Segovia Consortium of Cooperatives Ilocos Sur National High School ISNHS the major national high school in the province Lyceum de Ylocos is a new school offering Technical Vocational courses and is a registered Senior High School offering various Tracks that include ABM GAS HUMSS and TLE Technical Vocational Courses Situated at the heart of the Heritage City 3F Vigan Landmark Building Barangay VIII Data Center Colleges Philippines Vigan Branch Data Center Philippines DCPI first came to Ilocos Sur through a partnership with the University of Northern Philippines for its computerization efforts in the late 80s It later evolved independently as a college offering computer and non computer related courses Formerly operating where Lyceum de Ylocos is operating today they are currently located in a building just outside UNP s Vigan Campus Media EditTV Stations Edit PTV Vigan Channel 4 ABS CBN Vigan Channel 11 BEAM TV Vigan Channel 28 GNN Vigan Channel 30 TV5 Vigan Channel 32 ABS CBN Sports Action Vigan Channel 34 UNTV Vigan Channel 36 Sonshine TV Vigan Channel 38 GMA News TV Vigan Channel 40 ETC Vigan Channel 42 One Sports Vigan Channel 46 GMA Vigan Channel 48Cable amp Satellite Edit Eaglevision Cable Vigan Satellite Cable TV Cignal TV Sky DirectRadio Edit AM Stations DZVV Bombo Radyo 603 Bombo Radyo Philippines DWAE Radyo Pilipinas 747 Philippine Broadcasting Service Radyo Commando 927 Solidnorth Broadcasting DZNS 963 Radyo Totoo Catholic Media Network DWCS Radyo Uno 1188 Capitol Broadcasting Center FM Stations 92 5 Radio Maria Radio Maria Philippines 93 3 Love Radio Manila Broadcasting Company 94 1 Magik FM Century Broadcasting Network 98 9 Mom s Radio Vigan Southern Broadcasting Network 99 7 Core FM Iddes Broadcast Group 100 5 Campus Radio University of Northern Philippines 101 3 Brigada News FM Soon to Air Brigada Mass Media Corporation 102 1 Idol FM Apollo Broadcast Investors Sister cities EditLocal InternationalCotabato City Maguindanao Laoag Ilocos Norte Naga Camarines Sur Ozamiz Misamis Occidental Pagadian Zamboanga del Sur Taguig Metro Manila 27 Agadir Morocco Honolulu Hawaii United States Malacca City Malaysia 28 Mar del Plata ArgentinaReferences Edit City of Vigan DILG 2015 Census of Population Report No 3 Population Land Area and Population Density PDF Philippine Statistics Authority Quezon City Philippines August 2016 ISSN 0117 1453 Archived PDF from the original on May 25 2021 Retrieved July 16 2021 a b c Census of Population 2020 Region I Ilocos Region Total Population by Province City Municipality and Barangay PSA Retrieved 8 July 2021 https psa gov ph sites default files City 20and 20Municipal level 20Small 20Area 20Poverty 20Estimates 202009 2C 202012 20and 202015 0 xlsx publication date 10 July 2019 publisher Philippine Statistics Authority Tejada Ariel Paolo 9 May 2015 Vigan declared Wonder City The Philippine Star Manila Archived from the original on 28 January 2016 Retrieved 19 September 2015 Vigan named as one of the New7Wonders De la Torre Visitacion 2006 The Ilocos Heritage Makati Tower Book House p 2 ISBN 978 971 91030 9 7 Province Ilocos Sur PSGC Interactive Quezon City Philippines Philippine Statistics Authority Retrieved 12 November 2016 Vigan City Ilocos Sur Climatological Normal Values Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration Archived from the original on 18 October 2018 Retrieved 18 October 2018 Vigan City Ilocos Sur Climatological Extremes Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration Archived from the original on 18 October 2018 Retrieved 18 October 2018 Census of Population 2015 Region I Ilocos Region Total Population by Province City Municipality and Barangay PSA Retrieved 20 June 2016 Census of Population and Housing 2010 Region I Ilocos Region Total Population by Province City Municipality and Barangay NSO Retrieved 29 June 2016 Censuses of Population 1903 2007 Region I Ilocos Region Table 1 Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province Highly Urbanized City 1903 to 2007 NSO Province of Ilocos Sur Municipality Population Data Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division Retrieved 17 December 2016 Poverty incidence PI Philippine Statistics Authority Retrieved 28 December 2020 https psa gov ph sites default files NSCB LocalPovertyPhilippines 0 pdf publication date 29 November 2005 publisher Philippine Statistics Authority https psa gov ph sites default files 2003 20SAE 20of 20poverty 20 28Full 20Report 29 1 pdf publication date 23 March 2009 publisher Philippine Statistics Authority https psa gov ph sites default files 2006 20and 202009 20City 20and 20Municipal 20Level 20Poverty 20Estimates 0 1 pdf publication date 3 August 2012 publisher Philippine Statistics Authority https psa gov ph sites default files 2012 20Municipal 20and 20City 20Level 20Poverty 20Estima7tes 20Publication 20 281 29 pdf publication date 31 May 2016 publisher Philippine Statistics Authority https psa gov ph sites default files City 20and 20Municipal level 20Small 20Area 20Poverty 20Estimates 202009 2C 202012 20and 202015 0 xlsx publication date 10 July 2019 publisher Philippine Statistics Authority Calle Crisologo Mena Crisologo Street Vigan ph Retrieved 7 March 2020 Syquia Mansion of President Elpidio Quirino Vigan ph Retrieved 7 March 2020 Vigan Travel Historical Plaza Salcedo Turns into a Spectacle of Lights at Night Philippine Primer Retrieved 8 March 2020 Padre Burgos House National Museum of the Philippines Retrieved 8 March 2020 Cimatu Frank Old Ilocos Sur jail nowan art center Philippine Daily Inquirer Retrieved 8 March 2020 Why revitalizing hotels with art is a good strategy F amp B Report Retrieved 8 March 2020 A RESOLUTION EXTENDING AN INVITATION TO THE CITY OF TAGUIG TO BECOME A SISTER CITY OF VIGAN ILOCOS SUR PDF City of Vigan February 18 2008 permanent dead link Lester V Ledesma Sister Cities Vigan and Melaka living parallel lives Cebu Smile Archived from the original on 25 September 2015 Retrieved 25 September 2015 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Vigan City Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Vigan Vigan ph Official website Philippine Standard Geographic Code Philippine Census Information Local Governance Performance Management System Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Vigan amp oldid 1053661370, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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