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Villa del Priorato di Malta or Magistral Villa, located on the Aventine Hill in Rome, is one of the two institutional seats of the government of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta. Along with Magistral Palace, the estate is granted extraterritorial status by Italy. It also hosts the Grand Priory of Rome and the embassy of the Sovereign Order of Malta to Italy.

The villa and garden

Contents

The site, on a rise directly overlooking the Tiber and access to the Roman Pons Sublicius, was already a fortified Benedictine monastery in the tenth century. The monastery passed to the Templars and after the destruction of their order, to the Knights Hospitallers, predecessors of the present Order of Malta. Radical rebuilding was undertaken in the 15th through 17th centuries. The villa was granted extraterritoriality in 1869. On the piano nobile is an assemblage of portraits of the Grand Masters of the Order.

The site is reached by Via Santa Sabina, which ends in the small, picturesque Piazza dei Cavalieri di Malta enclosed on two sides by the cypresses of the garden of the Benedictines backing the fantasy screen of obelisks and stele constructed in 1765 to designs by Giovanni Battista Piranesi, one of the very few executed designs by this etcher of Roman views who prided himself on being an architect. Ahead rises the Neo-Romanesque campanile of the Church of San Anselmo (1893-1900) attached to the international Benedictine seminary (Seminario Internazionale Benedettino).

Keyhole

People waiting to get a view of Saint Peter's Basilica through the keyhole of the door leading to the Villa Malta.

At the northern side of the square the monumental entrance screen is located, also designed by Piranesi under commission from Cardinal Carlo Rezzonico, nephew of Pope Clement XIII. The Villa is arguably best known for a small keyhole (Il Buco Della Serratura) in the arch-headed central portone, through which the copper-green dome of Saint Peter's Basilica, can be viewed at the end of a garden allée framed in clipped cypresses.

Santa Maria del Priorato, by Giovanni Battista Piranesi

The parterre garden links the villa with the Order's Church of Santa Maria del Priorato, an ancient church completely redesigned by Piranesi in 1765, affording perhaps the earliest example in Rome of Neoclassical architecture. Its facade is capped with a low pediment; paired pilasters on either side of the door have fanciful capitals each formed of a tower flanked by seated sphinxes; other elements of the classical vocabulary are also combined in fanciful and personal ways.

  1. The Villa in the website of the Sovereign Order of Malta
  2. OrderOfMalta.int
  3. WorldStatesmen.org
  4. Touring Club Italiano, Roma e dintorni, 1965:416.
  5. TCI 1965:417; AndrewPatton.com
  6. TCI 1965:417.

Coordinates:41°53′01″N12°28′39″E /41.88361°N 12.47750°E /41.88361; 12.47750

Villa del Priorato di Malta Article Talk Language Watch Edit Villa del Priorato di Malta or Magistral Villa 1 located on the Aventine Hill in Rome is one of the two institutional seats of the government of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta Along with Magistral Palace the estate is granted extraterritorial status by Italy It also hosts the Grand Priory of Rome and the embassy of the Sovereign Order of Malta to Italy 2 The villa and garden Contents 1 History 2 Site 2 1 Keyhole 3 References 4 External linksHistory EditThe site on a rise directly overlooking the Tiber and access to the Roman Pons Sublicius was already a fortified Benedictine monastery in the tenth century The monastery passed to the Templars and after the destruction of their order to the Knights Hospitallers predecessors of the present Order of Malta Radical rebuilding was undertaken in the 15th through 17th centuries The villa was granted extraterritoriality in 1869 3 On the piano nobile is an assemblage of portraits of the Grand Masters of the Order Site EditThe site is reached by Via Santa Sabina which ends in the small picturesque Piazza dei Cavalieri di Malta enclosed on two sides by the cypresses of the garden of the Benedictines backing the fantasy screen of obelisks and stele constructed in 1765 to designs by Giovanni Battista Piranesi one of the very few executed designs by this etcher of Roman views who prided himself on being an architect 4 Ahead rises the Neo Romanesque campanile of the Church of San Anselmo 1893 1900 attached to the international Benedictine seminary Seminario Internazionale Benedettino Keyhole Edit People waiting to get a view of Saint Peter s Basilica through the keyhole of the door leading to the Villa Malta At the northern side of the square the monumental entrance screen is located also designed by Piranesi under commission from Cardinal Carlo Rezzonico nephew of Pope Clement XIII The Villa is arguably best known for a small keyhole Il Buco Della Serratura in the arch headed central portone through which the copper green dome of Saint Peter s Basilica can be viewed at the end of a garden allee framed in clipped cypresses 5 Santa Maria del Priorato by Giovanni Battista Piranesi The parterre garden links the villa with the Order s Church of Santa Maria del Priorato an ancient church completely redesigned by Piranesi in 1765 affording perhaps the earliest example in Rome of Neoclassical architecture 6 Its facade is capped with a low pediment paired pilasters on either side of the door have fanciful capitals each formed of a tower flanked by seated sphinxes other elements of the classical vocabulary are also combined in fanciful and personal ways References Edit The Villa in the website of the Sovereign Order of Malta OrderOfMalta int WorldStatesmen org Touring Club Italiano Roma e dintorni 1965 416 TCI 1965 417 AndrewPatton com TCI 1965 417 External links Edit Media related to Villa del Priorato dei Cavalieri di Malta Rome at Wikimedia Commons Coordinates 41 53 01 N 12 28 39 E 41 88361 N 12 47750 E 41 88361 12 47750 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Villa del Priorato di Malta amp oldid 1062883558, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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