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Vilnius University

It has been suggested that Vilnius University Faculty of Chemistry and Geosciences be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since August 2021.

Vilnius University (Lithuanian: Vilniaus universitetas) is a public research university, which is the oldest university in the Baltic states, and one of the oldest and most famous in Northern Europe. Today it is Lithuania’s leading academic institution, ranked among the top 400 universities worldwide (QS).

Vilnius University
Vilniaus universitetas
Latin: Universitas Vilnensis
Former names
Academia et Universitas Vilnensis Societatis Jesu (1579)
Principal School of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (1783)
Principal School of Vilnius (1795)
Imperial University of Vilnius (1803)
Stephen Bathory University (1919)
State University of Vilnius (1944)
MottoHinc itur ad astra(in Latin)
Motto in English
From here the way leads to the stars
TypePublic
Established1579; 442 years ago (1579)
FounderKing of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania
Stephen Báthory
Religious affiliation
St. John's Church
Budget€45.632 million (2019)
ChancellorRaimundas Balčiūnaitis
RectorRimvydas Petrauskas (lt)
Academic staff
3,095
Students22,747
Undergraduates12,513
Postgraduates6,665
795
Other students
836 (MDs in residency)
1435 (international students)
Location,,
Coordinates:54°40′57″N25°17′14″E /54.68250°N 25.28722°E /54.68250; 25.28722
CampusUrban
Colors Maroon
AffiliationsEUA, Santander Network, UNICA, Utrecht Network
Websitewww.vu.lt

The university was founded in 1579 as the Jesuit Academy (College) of Vilnius by Stephen Báthory, Grand Duke of Lithuania and King of Poland. It was the third oldest university (after the Cracow Academy and the Albertina) in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Due to the failure of the November Uprising (1830–1831), the university was closed down and suspended its operation until 1919. In the aftermath of World War I, the university saw failed attempts to restart it by the local Polish Society of Friends of Science in Wilno (1915 and November 1918), Lithuania (December 1918) and invading Soviet forces (March 1919). It finally resumed operations as Stefan Batory University in Poland (August 1919), a period followed by another Soviet occupation in 1920, and the less than two years of the Republic of Central Lithuania, incorporated into Poland in 1922.

Following the Soviet invasion of Poland in September 1939, the university was briefly administered by the Lithuanian authorities (from October 1939), and then after Soviet annexation of Lithuania (June 1940), punctuated by a period of German occupation after Operation Barbarossa, from 1941 to 1944, when it was administrated as the Vilnius State University. In 1945, the Polish community of students and scholars of Stefan Batory University was transferred to Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń. After Lithuania regained its independence in 1990, following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, it resumed its status as one of the prominent universities in Lithuania.

The wide-ranging Vilnius University ensemble represents all major architectural styles that predominated in Lithuania: Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque and Classicism.

Contents

Changes of the name

The university has been known by many names during its history. Due to its long history of Jewish, Polish and Russian influence or rule, the city portion of its name is rendered as Vilna (Latin), Wilna (German) or Wilno (Polish), in addition to Lithuanian Vilnius (see History of Vilnius).

  • 1579–1782: Alma Academia et Universitas Vilnensis Societatis Iesu. The Latin name is rendered into English as Jesuit Academy, Jesuit College, or Academy of Vilnius (Vilna/Wilna/Wilno).
  • 1782–1803: Schola Princeps Magni Ducatus Lithuaniae: Principal School of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
  • 1803–1832: Imperatorski Uniwersytet Wileński. Rendered into English as Imperial University of Vilnius (Vilna/Wilna/Wilno)
  • 1832–1919: Closed, originally by order of Tsar Nicholas I
  • 1919–1939: Stefan Batory University (Uniwersytet Stefana Batorego in Poland)
  • 1940–1943: Vilnius University (this period encompassed the first Soviet occupation and German occupation)
  • 1944–1955: Vilnius State University
  • 1955–1990: Vilnius State University of Vincas Kapsukas
  • 1990–present: Vilnius University

History by period

Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth

Founding of the University of Vilnius by Stephen Báthory in 1579

In 1568, the Lithuanian nobility asked the Jesuits to create an institution of higher learning either in Vilnius or Kaunas. The following year Walerian Protasewicz, the bishop of Vilnius, purchased several buildings in the city center and established the Vilnian Academy (Almae Academia et Universitas Vilnensis Societatis Jesu). Initially, the academy had three divisions: humanities, philosophy, and theology. The curriculum at the college and later at the academy was taught in Latin. The first students were enrolled into the Academy in 1570. A library at the college was established in the same year, and Sigismund II Augustus donated 2500 books to the new college. In its first year of existence the college enrolled 160 students.

On April 1, 1579, Stefan Batory King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, upgraded the academy and granted it equal status with the Kraków Academy, creating the Alma Academia et Universitas Vilnensis Societatis Iesu. His edict was approved by Pope Gregory XIII's bull of October 30, 1579. The first rector of the Academy was Piotr Skarga. He invited many scientists from various parts of Europe and expanded the library, with the sponsorship of many notable persons: Sigismund II Augustus, Bishop Walerian Protasewicz, and Kazimierz Lew Sapieha. Lithuanians at the time comprised about one third of the students (in 1586 there were circa 700 students), others were Germans, Poles, Swedes, and even Hungarians.

The Grand Courtyard of Vilnius University and Church of St. Johns.

In 1575, Duke Mikołaj Krzysztof Radziwiłł and Elżbieta Ogińska sponsored a printing house for the academy, one of the first in the region. The printing house issued books in Latin and Polish and the first surviving book in Lithuanian printed in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was in 1595. It was Kathechismas, arba Mokslas kiekvienam krikščioniui privalus authored by Mikalojus Daukša.

The academy's growth continued until the 17th century. The following era, known as The Deluge, led to a dramatic drop in the number of students who matriculated and in the quality of its programs. In the middle of the 18th century, education authorities tried to restore the academy. This led to the foundation of the first observatory in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (the fourth such professional facility in Europe), in 1753, by Tomasz Żebrowski. The Commission of National Education (Polish: Komisja Edukacji Narodowej), the world's first ministry of education, took control of the academy in 1773, and transformed it into a modern University. The language of instruction (as everywhere in the commonwealth's higher education institutions) changed from Latin to Polish. Thanks to the rector of the academy, Marcin Poczobutt-Odlanicki, the academy was granted the status of "Principal School" (Polish: Szkoła Główna) in 1783. The commission, the secular authority governing the academy after the dissolution of the Jesuit order, drew up a new statute. The school was named Academia et Universitas Vilnensis.

Partitions

The Grand Courtyard of Vilnius University and the Church of St. John, Jan Kazimierz Wilczyński, drawing, circa 1850

After the Partitions of Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Vilnius was annexed by the Russian Empire. However, the Commission of National Education retained control over the academy until 1803, when Tsar Alexander I of Russia accepted the new statute and renamed it The Imperial University of Vilna (Императорскій Виленскiй Университетъ). The institution was granted the rights to the administration of all education facilities in the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Among the notable personae were the curator (governor) Adam Jerzy Czartoryski and rector Jan Śniadecki.

The university flourished. It used Polish as the instructional language, although Russian was added to the curriculum. It became known for its studies of Belarusian and Lithuanian culture. By 1823, it was one of the largest in Europe; the student population exceeded that of the Oxford University. A number of students, among them poet Adam Mickiewicz, were arrested in 1823 for conspiracy against the tsar (membership in Filomaci). In 1832, after the November Uprising, the university was closed by Tsar Nicholas I of Russia.

Two of the faculties were turned into separate schools: the Medical and Surgical Academy (Akademia Medyko-Chirurgiczna) and the Roman Catholic Academy (Rzymsko-Katolicka Akademia Duchowna). But soon they were closed as well with Medical and Surgical Academy transformed into Medical faculty of University of Kiev (now Bogomolets National Medical University), and latter one being transformed into Saint Petersburg Roman Catholic Theological Academy (after the October Revolution of 1917 moved to Poland where it became Catholic University of Lublin). The repression that followed the failed uprising included banning the Polish and Lithuanian languages; all education in those languages was halted.

1918-1939

First attempts to reestablish scientific institution in Vilnius was made after the 1905 revolution, on 22 October 1906 the Society of Friends of Science in Wilno (TPN) was created by the Polish intelligentsia. After the outbreak of World War I and the German occupation of the city TPN made an attempt to recreate an university with a creation of so called Higher Scientific Courses. Unfortunately both TPN and the Courses were soon closed by German officials.

Lithuania declared its independence in February 1918. The university, with the rest of Vilnius and Lithuania, was opened three times between 1918 and 1919. The Lithuanian National Council re-established it in December 1918, with classes to start on January 1, 1919. An invasion by the Red Army interrupted this plan. A Lithuanian communist, Vincas Kapsukas-Mickevičius, then sponsored a plan to re-open it as "Labor University" in March 1919 in the short-lived Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic (later, Lithuanian–Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic), but the city was taken by Poland in April 1919. Marshall Józef Piłsudski reopened it as Stefan Batory University (Uniwersytet Stefana Batorego) on August 28, 1919. The city would fall to the Soviets again in 1920, who transferred it to the Lithuanian state after their defeat in the battle of Warsaw. Finally, in the aftermath of the Żeligowski's Mutiny and 1922 Republic of Central Lithuania general election, the Vilnius Region was subsequently annexed by Poland. In response to the dispute over the region, many Lithuanian scholars moved to Vytautas Magnus University in Kaunas, the interwar capital.

The university quickly recovered and gained international prestige, largely because of the presence of notable scientists such as Władysław Tatarkiewicz, Marian Zdziechowski, and Henryk Niewodniczański. Among the students of the university at that time was future Nobel prize winner Czesław Miłosz. The university grew quickly, thanks to government grants and private donations. Its library contained 600,000 volumes, including historic and cartographic items which are still in its possession.

In 1938 the university had:

  • 7 institutes
  • 123 professors
  • 104 scientific units (including two hospitals)
  • 3110 students

The university's international students included 212 Russians, 94 Belarusians, 85 Lithuanians, 28 Ukrainians and 13 Germans. Anti-Semitism increased during the 1930s and a system of ghetto benches, in which Jewish students were required to sit in separate areas, was instituted at the university. Violence erupted; the university was closed for two weeks during January 1937. In February Jewish students were denied entrance to its grounds. The faculty was then authorized to decide on an individual basis whether the segregation should be observed in their classrooms and expel those students who would not comply. 54 Jewish students were expelled but were allowed to return the next day under a compromise in which in addition to Jewish students, Lithuanian, Belarusian, and "Polish democratic" students were to be seated separately. Rector of the university, Władysław Marian Jakowicki, resigned his position in protest over the introduction of the ghetto benches.

World War II

Following the invasion of Poland the university continued its operations. The city was soon occupied by the Soviet Union. Most of the professors returned after the hostilities ended, and the faculties reopened on October 1, 1939. On October 28, Vilnius was transferred to Lithuania which considered the previous eighteen years as an occupation by Poland of its capital. The university was closed on 15 December 1939 by the authorities of the Republic of Lithuania. All the faculty, staff, and its approximately 3,000 students dismissed. Students were ordered to leave the dormitories; 600 ended in a refugee camp. Professors had to leave their university flats. Following the Lithuanization policies, in its place, a new university, named Vilniaus universitetas, was created. Its faculty came from the Kaunas University. The new charter specified that Vilnius University was to be governed according to the statute of the Vytautas Magnus University of Kaunas, and that Lithuanian language programs and faculties would be established. Lithuanian was named as the official language of the university. A new academic term started on 22 January; only 13 of the new students had former Polish citizenship.

Polish Law and Social Sciences, Humanities, Medical, Theological, Mathematical-Life sciences faculties continued to work underground with lectures and exams held in private flats until 1944. Polish professors who took part in the underground courses included Iwo Jaworski, Kazimierz Petrusewicz and Bronisław Wróblewski. The diplomas of the underground universities were accepted by many Polish universities after the war. Soon after the annexation of Lithuania by the Soviet Union, while some Polish professors were allowed to resume teaching, many others (along with some Lithuanian professors) who were deemed "reactionary" were arrested and sent to prisons and gulags in Russia and Kazakhstan. Between September 1939 and July 1941, the Soviets arrested and deported nineteen Polish faculty and ex-faculty of the University of Stefan Batory, of who nine perished: Professors Stanisław Cywinski, Władysław Marian Jakowicki, Jan Kempisty, Józef Marcinkiewicz, Tadeusz Kolaczyński, Piotr Oficjalski, Włodzimierz Godłowski, Konstanty Pietkiewicz, and Konstanty Sokol-Sokolowski, the last five victims of the Katyn massacre.

The city was occupied by Germany in 1941, and all institutions of higher education for Poles were closed. From 1940 until September 1944, under Lithuanian professor and activist Mykolas Biržiška, the University of Vilnius was open for Lithuanian students under the supervision of the German occupation authorities. In 1944, many of Polish students took part in Operation Ostra Brama. The majority of them were later arrested by the NKVD and suffered repressions from their participation in the Armia Krajowa resistance.

Soviet period (1945-1990)

Petras Repšys’ fresco "The Seasons of the Year" (painted in 1976-1984) with motifs from Baltic mythology at the Centre of Lithuanian Studies.

Educated Poles were transferred to People's Republic of Poland after World War II under the guidance of State Repatriation Office. As the result, many former students and professors of Stefan Batory joined universities in Poland. To keep in contact with each other, the professors decided to transfer whole faculties. After 1945, most of the mathematicians, humanists and biologists joined the Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, while a number of the medical faculty formed the core of the newly founded Medical University of Gdańsk. The Toruń university is often considered to be the successor to the Polish traditions of Stefan Batory University.

In 1955 the University was named after Vincas Kapsukas. After it had been awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labour in 1971 and the Order of Friendship of Peoples in 1979, its full name until 1990 was Vilnius Order of the Red Banner of Labour and Order of Friendship of Peoples V. Kapsukas State University. Though restrained by the Soviet system, Vilnius University grew and gained significance and developed its own, Lithuanian identity. Vilnius University began to free itself from Soviet ideology in 1988, thanks to the policy of glasnost.

After 1990

A bronze door at the Vilnius University Library commemorates the first Lithuanian book.

On March 11, 1990, Lithuania declared independence, and the university regained autonomy. Since 1991, Vilnius University has been a signatory to the Magna Charta of the European Universities. It is a member of the European University Association (EUA) and the Conference of Baltic University Rectors.

The Senate of Vilnius University during the celebration of the beginning of the study year

In modern times, the university still offers studies with internationally recognized content. There are 3 Bachelor and 16 Master study programs in English.

As of 1 March 2020, there were 19,996 students attending Vilnius University.

The current rector is Professor Rimvydas Petrauskas.

The university, specifically the courtyard, was featured in the American TV series The Amazing Race 12.

Structure

Faculties

  • Business School

  • Center of Physical Sciences and Technology

  • Faculty of Philology

  • Faculty of Philosophy

  • Faculty of Physics

  • Faculty of Chemistry and Geosciences

  • Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics

  • Faculty of Medicine

  • Faculties of Law and Communication

  • Institute of International Relations and Political Science

  • Kaunas Faculty

  • Life Sciences Center


Other Divisions

National Open Access Scientific Communication and Information Center in Saulėtekis Valley, Vilnius
  • Botanical garden
  • Centre of Information Technology Development
  • Centre of Property Management and Services
  • Conference, seminar and leisure centre "Romuva"
  • Cultural Centre
  • Health and Sport Centre
  • Library
  • Museum
  • Publishing House

Campus

Observatory Courtyard

The old campus of Vilnius University consists of 13 buildings and 13 courtyards. At present the Rector's Office, the Library, the Faculties of Philology, Philosophy, and History are situated there. The largest courtyards are:

  • P. Skargos (The main) courtyard;
  • M. K. Sarbievijaus courtyard;
  • Library courtyard;
  • Observatory courtyard.

Faculties of Physics, Economy, Law, and Communication, as well as Business School, Life Sciences Center, and Scholarly Communication and Information Centre are located in Saulėtekis district.

Ranking

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World701-800 (2020)
CWTS World805 (2020)
QS World423 (2021)
THE World801–1000 (2020)
USNWR Global591 (2020)

Vilnius University is ranked 423 among World top universities by 2021 QS World University Rankings. In 2020 QS WU Rankings by Subject, Vilnius University is ranked 201-250 in Linguistics and 251-300 in Physics and Astronomy. In QS rankings of Emerging Europe and Central Asia, Vilnius University is ranked 18.

Vilnius University is ranked 635 in the world by Best Global Universities Rankings by U.S. News & World Report.

Projects

Recent and ongoing projects at Vilnius University include:

  • "Laser Spectrometer for Testing of Coatings of Crystals and Optical Components in Wide Spectral and Angle Range". NATO Science for Peace programme project. NATO SfP-972534. 1999-2002.
  • "Cell biology and lasers: towards new technologies". Vilnius University - UNESCO Associated Centre of Excellence.
  • "Science and Society: Genomics and Benefit Sharing with Developing Countries - From Biodiversity to Human Genomics (GenBenefit)". Doc. E. Gefenas (Faculty of Medicine). 2006-2009.
  • "Citizens and governance in a knowledge-based society: Social Inequality and Why It Matters for the Economic and Democratic Development of Europe and Its Citizens. Post-Communist Central and Eastern Europe in Comparative Perspective (EUREQUAL)." Doc. A. Poviliūnas (Faculty of Philosophy). 2006-2009.
  • "Marie Curie Chairs: Centre for Studies and Training Experiments with Lasers and Laser Applications (STELLA)" A. Dubietis (Faculty of Physics). 2006-2009.
  • "Research Infrastructure Action: Integrated European Laser Laboratories (LaserLab-Europe)". Prof. A. Piskarskas (Faculty of Physics). 2004-2007.
  • "Nanotechnology and nanoscieces, knowledge-based multifunctional materials, new production processes and devices: Cell Programming by Nanoscaled Devices (CellPROM)". Prof. A. Kareiva (Faculty of Chemistry). 2004-2009.
  • Advanced European Infrastructures for Detectors at Accelerators - AIDA-2020 (Institute of Applied Research, Faculty of Physics). J.V.Vaitkus, G. Tamulaitis. 2015-2019.
  • EU-STRAT - The EU and Eastern Partnership Countries: An Inside-Out Analysis and Strategic Assessment (EU-STRAT) (Institute of International Relations and Political Science). R.Vilpišauskas. 2016-2019.
  • European Network of Research Ethics and Research Integrity. European Ethics and Research Integrity Network. E. Gefenas (Faculty of Medicine). 2016-2019.

International relations

Vilnius University has signed more than 180 bilateral cooperation agreements with universities in 41 countries. Under Erasmus+ programme the university has over 800 agreements with 430 European and 55 agreements with partner country universities for the academic exchanges.

University students actively participate in such exchange programmes as ERASMUS+, ERASMUS MUNDUS, ISEP, AEN-MAUI and CREPUQ

The University is a signatory of the Magna Charta of European universities and a member of the International Association of Universities, European University Association, the Conference of Baltic University Rectors, the Utrecht Network, UNICA Network, and the Baltic Sea Region University Network. In addition, Vilnius University has been invited to join the Coimbra Group, a network of prestigious European universities, from 1 January 2016.

Adam Mickiewicz, considered one of the greatest European poets

Nobel Prize winners

Notable professors and alumni of Vilnius University

in alphabetical order

Professors

Alumni

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  • Łossowski, Piotr (1991). Likwidacja Uniwersytetu Stefana Batorego przez władze litweskie w grudniu 1939 roku (in Polish). Warszawa: Interlibro. ISBN 83-85161-26-0.
  • Magdalena Gawrońska-Garstka, Uniwersytet Stefana Batorego w Wilnie. Uczelnia ziem północno-wschodnich Drugiej Rzeczypospolitej (1919-1939) w świetle źródeł, Poznań 2016.

Vilnius University
Vilnius University Language Watch Edit It has been suggested that Vilnius University Faculty of Chemistry and Geosciences be merged into this article Discuss Proposed since August 2021 Vilnius University Lithuanian Vilniaus universitetas is a public research university which is the oldest university in the Baltic states and one of the oldest and most famous in Northern Europe 4 Today it is Lithuania s leading academic institution ranked among the top 400 universities worldwide QS 5 Vilnius UniversityVilniaus universitetasLatin Universitas VilnensisFormer namesAcademia et Universitas Vilnensis Societatis Jesu 1579 Principal School of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania 1783 Principal School of Vilnius 1795 Imperial University of Vilnius 1803 Stephen Bathory University 1919 State University of Vilnius 1944 1 MottoHinc itur ad astra in Latin Motto in EnglishFrom here the way leads to the starsTypePublicEstablished1579 442 years ago 1579 FounderKing of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania Stephen BathoryReligious affiliationSt John s ChurchBudget 45 632 million 2 2019 ChancellorRaimundas BalciunaitisRectorRimvydas Petrauskas lt Academic staff3 095Students22 747Undergraduates12 513Postgraduates6 665Doctoral students795 3 Other students836 MDs in residency 1435 international students LocationVilnius Vilnius County Lithuania Coordinates 54 40 57 N 25 17 14 E 54 68250 N 25 28722 E 54 68250 25 28722CampusUrbanColors MaroonAffiliationsEUA Santander Network UNICA Utrecht NetworkWebsitewww vu lt The university was founded in 1579 as the Jesuit Academy College of Vilnius by Stephen Bathory Grand Duke of Lithuania and King of Poland It was the third oldest university after the Cracow Academy and the Albertina in the Polish Lithuanian Commonwealth Due to the failure of the November Uprising 1830 1831 the university was closed down and suspended its operation until 1919 In the aftermath of World War I the university saw failed attempts to restart it by the local Polish Society of Friends of Science in Wilno 1915 and November 1918 Lithuania December 1918 and invading Soviet forces March 1919 It finally resumed operations as Stefan Batory University in Poland August 1919 a period followed by another Soviet occupation in 1920 and the less than two years of the Republic of Central Lithuania incorporated into Poland in 1922 Following the Soviet invasion of Poland in September 1939 the university was briefly administered by the Lithuanian authorities from October 1939 and then after Soviet annexation of Lithuania June 1940 punctuated by a period of German occupation after Operation Barbarossa from 1941 to 1944 when it was administrated as the Vilnius State University In 1945 the Polish community of students and scholars of Stefan Batory University was transferred to Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun 6 After Lithuania regained its independence in 1990 following the dissolution of the Soviet Union it resumed its status as one of the prominent universities in Lithuania The wide ranging Vilnius University ensemble represents all major architectural styles that predominated in Lithuania Gothic Renaissance Baroque and Classicism Contents 1 History 1 1 Changes of the name 1 2 History by period 1 2 1 Polish Lithuanian Commonwealth 1 2 2 Partitions 1 2 3 1918 1939 1 2 4 World War II 1 2 5 Soviet period 1945 1990 1 2 6 After 1990 2 Status today 2 1 Structure 2 1 1 Faculties 2 1 2 Other Divisions 2 2 Campus 2 3 Ranking 2 4 Projects 2 5 International relations 3 People 3 1 Nobel Prize winners 3 2 Notable professors and alumni of Vilnius University 3 2 1 Professors 3 2 2 Alumni 4 See also 5 References 6 Bibliography 7 External linksHistory EditChanges of the name Edit The university has been known by many names during its history Due to its long history of Jewish Polish and Russian influence or rule the city portion of its name is rendered as Vilna Latin Wilna German or Wilno Polish in addition to Lithuanian Vilnius see History of Vilnius 1579 1782 Alma Academia et Universitas Vilnensis Societatis Iesu 7 The Latin name is rendered into English as Jesuit Academy Jesuit College or Academy of Vilnius Vilna Wilna Wilno 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 1782 1803 Schola Princeps Magni Ducatus Lithuaniae Principal School of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania 20 1803 1832 Imperatorski Uniwersytet Wilenski 21 Rendered into English as Imperial University of Vilnius Vilna Wilna Wilno 22 23 24 25 26 1832 1919 Closed originally by order of Tsar Nicholas I 27 1919 1939 Stefan Batory University 28 Uniwersytet Stefana Batorego in Poland 1940 1943 Vilnius University 28 this period encompassed the first Soviet occupation and German occupation 1944 1955 Vilnius State University 23 1955 1990 Vilnius State University of Vincas Kapsukas 29 1971 1979 Vilnius Order of the Red Banner of Labour State University of Vincas Kapsukas Vilniaus Darbo raudonosios veliavos ordino valstybinis Vinco Kapsuko universitetas 1979 1990 Vilnius Orders of the Red Banner of Labour and Friendship of Peoples State University of Vincas Kapsukas Vilniaus Darbo raudonosios veliavos ir Tautu draugystes ordinu valstybinis V Kapsuko universitetas 1990 present Vilnius UniversityHistory by period Edit Polish Lithuanian Commonwealth Edit Founding of the University of Vilnius by Stephen Bathory in 1579 In 1568 the Lithuanian nobility 30 asked the Jesuits to create an institution of higher learning either in Vilnius or Kaunas The following year Walerian Protasewicz the bishop of Vilnius purchased several buildings in the city center and established the Vilnian Academy Almae Academia et Universitas Vilnensis Societatis Jesu Initially the academy had three divisions humanities philosophy and theology The curriculum at the college and later at the academy was taught in Latin 31 32 The first students were enrolled into the Academy in 1570 A library at the college was established in the same year and Sigismund II Augustus donated 2500 books to the new college 30 In its first year of existence the college enrolled 160 students 30 On April 1 1579 Stefan Batory King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania upgraded the academy and granted it equal status with the Krakow Academy creating the Alma Academia et Universitas Vilnensis Societatis Iesu His edict was approved by Pope Gregory XIII s bull of October 30 1579 The first rector of the Academy was Piotr Skarga He invited many scientists from various parts of Europe and expanded the library with the sponsorship of many notable persons Sigismund II Augustus Bishop Walerian Protasewicz and Kazimierz Lew Sapieha Lithuanians at the time comprised about one third of the students in 1586 there were circa 700 students others were Germans Poles Swedes and even Hungarians 30 The Grand Courtyard of Vilnius University and Church of St Johns In 1575 Duke Mikolaj Krzysztof Radziwill and Elzbieta Oginska sponsored a printing house for the academy one of the first in the region The printing house issued books in Latin and Polish and the first surviving book in Lithuanian printed in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was in 1595 It was Kathechismas arba Mokslas kiekvienam krikscioniui privalus authored by Mikalojus Dauksa The academy s growth continued until the 17th century The following era known as The Deluge led to a dramatic drop in the number of students who matriculated and in the quality of its programs In the middle of the 18th century education authorities tried to restore the academy This led to the foundation of the first observatory in the Polish Lithuanian Commonwealth the fourth such professional facility in Europe in 1753 by Tomasz Zebrowski The Commission of National Education Polish Komisja Edukacji Narodowej the world s first ministry of education took control of the academy in 1773 and transformed it into a modern University The language of instruction as everywhere in the commonwealth s higher education institutions changed from Latin to Polish 33 34 35 Thanks to the rector of the academy Marcin Poczobutt Odlanicki the academy was granted the status of Principal School Polish Szkola Glowna in 1783 The commission the secular authority governing the academy after the dissolution of the Jesuit order drew up a new statute The school was named Academia et Universitas Vilnensis Partitions Edit The Grand Courtyard of Vilnius University and the Church of St John Jan Kazimierz Wilczynski drawing circa 1850 After the Partitions of Polish Lithuanian Commonwealth Vilnius was annexed by the Russian Empire However the Commission of National Education retained control over the academy until 1803 when Tsar Alexander I of Russia accepted the new statute and renamed it The Imperial University of Vilna Imperatorskij Vilenskij Universitet The institution was granted the rights to the administration of all education facilities in the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania Among the notable personae were the curator governor Adam Jerzy Czartoryski and rector Jan Sniadecki Vilnius University Library Courtyard The university flourished It used Polish as the instructional language although Russian was added to the curriculum 32 36 It became known for its studies of Belarusian and Lithuanian culture 36 By 1823 it was one of the largest in Europe the student population exceeded that of the Oxford University A number of students among them poet Adam Mickiewicz were arrested in 1823 for conspiracy against the tsar membership in Filomaci In 1832 after the November Uprising the university was closed by Tsar Nicholas I of Russia Two of the faculties were turned into separate schools the Medical and Surgical Academy Akademia Medyko Chirurgiczna and the Roman Catholic Academy Rzymsko Katolicka Akademia Duchowna But soon they were closed as well with Medical and Surgical Academy transformed into Medical faculty of University of Kiev now Bogomolets National Medical University and latter one being transformed into Saint Petersburg Roman Catholic Theological Academy after the October Revolution of 1917 moved to Poland where it became Catholic University of Lublin The repression that followed the failed uprising included banning the Polish and Lithuanian languages all education in those languages was halted 1918 1939 Edit First attempts to reestablish scientific institution in Vilnius was made after the 1905 revolution on 22 October 1906 the Society of Friends of Science in Wilno TPN was created by the Polish intelligentsia After the outbreak of World War I and the German occupation of the city TPN made an attempt to recreate an university with a creation of so called Higher Scientific Courses 37 Unfortunately both TPN and the Courses were soon closed by German officials 37 Lithuania declared its independence in February 1918 The university with the rest of Vilnius and Lithuania was opened three times between 1918 and 1919 The Lithuanian National Council re established it in December 1918 with classes to start on January 1 1919 An invasion by the Red Army interrupted this plan A Lithuanian communist Vincas Kapsukas Mickevicius then sponsored a plan to re open it as Labor University in March 1919 in the short lived Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic later Lithuanian Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic but the city was taken by Poland in April 1919 Marshall Jozef Pilsudski reopened it as Stefan Batory University Uniwersytet Stefana Batorego on August 28 1919 The city would fall to the Soviets again in 1920 who transferred it to the Lithuanian state after their defeat in the battle of Warsaw Finally in the aftermath of the Zeligowski s Mutiny and 1922 Republic of Central Lithuania general election the Vilnius Region was subsequently annexed by Poland 38 In response to the dispute over the region many Lithuanian scholars moved to Vytautas Magnus University in Kaunas the interwar capital 39 Franciszek Smuglewicz hall in the Vilnius University Library The university quickly recovered and gained international prestige largely because of the presence of notable scientists such as Wladyslaw Tatarkiewicz Marian Zdziechowski and Henryk Niewodniczanski Among the students of the university at that time was future Nobel prize winner Czeslaw Milosz The university grew quickly thanks to government grants and private donations Its library contained 600 000 volumes including historic and cartographic items which are still in its possession 39 In 1938 the university had 7 institutes 123 professors 104 scientific units including two hospitals 3110 students The university s international students included 212 Russians 94 Belarusians 85 Lithuanians 28 Ukrainians and 13 Germans 40 Anti Semitism increased during the 1930s and a system of ghetto benches in which Jewish students were required to sit in separate areas was instituted at the university 41 42 Violence erupted the university was closed for two weeks during January 1937 41 In February Jewish students were denied entrance to its grounds 41 The faculty was then authorized to decide on an individual basis whether the segregation should be observed in their classrooms and expel those students who would not comply 41 54 Jewish students were expelled but were allowed to return the next day under a compromise in which in addition to Jewish students Lithuanian Belarusian and Polish democratic students were to be seated separately 41 Rector of the university Wladyslaw Marian Jakowicki resigned his position in protest over the introduction of the ghetto benches 43 World War II Edit Following the invasion of Poland the university continued its operations The city was soon occupied by the Soviet Union Most of the professors returned after the hostilities ended and the faculties reopened on October 1 1939 On October 28 Vilnius was transferred to Lithuania which considered the previous eighteen years as an occupation by Poland of its capital 44 The university was closed on 15 December 1939 by the authorities of the Republic of Lithuania 28 All the faculty staff and its approximately 3 000 students dismissed 45 Students were ordered to leave the dormitories 600 ended in a refugee camp 28 Professors had to leave their university flats Following the Lithuanization policies in its place a new university named Vilniaus universitetas was created Its faculty came from the Kaunas University 28 The new charter specified that Vilnius University was to be governed according to the statute of the Vytautas Magnus University of Kaunas and that Lithuanian language programs and faculties would be established Lithuanian was named as the official language of the university 28 A new academic term started on 22 January only 13 of the new students had former Polish citizenship 28 Polish Law and Social Sciences Humanities Medical Theological Mathematical Life sciences faculties continued to work underground with lectures and exams held in private flats until 1944 46 Polish professors who took part in the underground courses included Iwo Jaworski Kazimierz Petrusewicz and Bronislaw Wroblewski 46 The diplomas of the underground universities were accepted by many Polish universities after the war Soon after the annexation of Lithuania by the Soviet Union while some Polish professors were allowed to resume teaching many others along with some Lithuanian professors who were deemed reactionary were arrested and sent to prisons and gulags in Russia and Kazakhstan Between September 1939 and July 1941 the Soviets arrested and deported nineteen Polish faculty and ex faculty of the University of Stefan Batory of who nine perished Professors Stanislaw Cywinski Wladyslaw Marian Jakowicki Jan Kempisty Jozef Marcinkiewicz Tadeusz Kolaczynski Piotr Oficjalski Wlodzimierz Godlowski Konstanty Pietkiewicz and Konstanty Sokol Sokolowski the last five victims of the Katyn massacre 45 The city was occupied by Germany in 1941 and all institutions of higher education for Poles were closed From 1940 until September 1944 under Lithuanian professor and activist Mykolas Birziska the University of Vilnius was open for Lithuanian students under the supervision of the German occupation authorities 47 In 1944 many of Polish students took part in Operation Ostra Brama The majority of them were later arrested by the NKVD and suffered repressions from their participation in the Armia Krajowa resistance Soviet period 1945 1990 Edit Petras Repsys fresco The Seasons of the Year painted in 1976 1984 with motifs from Baltic mythology at the Centre of Lithuanian Studies Educated Poles were transferred to People s Republic of Poland after World War II under the guidance of State Repatriation Office As the result many former students and professors of Stefan Batory joined universities in Poland To keep in contact with each other the professors decided to transfer whole faculties After 1945 most of the mathematicians humanists and biologists joined the Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun while a number of the medical faculty formed the core of the newly founded Medical University of Gdansk The Torun university is often considered to be the successor to the Polish traditions of Stefan Batory University In 1955 48 the University was named after Vincas Kapsukas After it had been awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labour in 1971 and the Order of Friendship of Peoples in 1979 its full name until 1990 was Vilnius Order of the Red Banner of Labour and Order of Friendship of Peoples V Kapsukas State University 48 Though restrained by the Soviet system Vilnius University grew and gained significance and developed its own Lithuanian identity Vilnius University began to free itself from Soviet ideology in 1988 thanks to the policy of glasnost After 1990 Edit A bronze door at the Vilnius University Library commemorates the first Lithuanian book On March 11 1990 Lithuania declared independence and the university regained autonomy Since 1991 Vilnius University has been a signatory to the Magna Charta of the European Universities It is a member of the European University Association EUA and the Conference of Baltic University Rectors Status today Edit The Senate of Vilnius University during the celebration of the beginning of the study year In modern times the university still offers studies with internationally recognized content There are 3 Bachelor and 16 Master study programs in English As of 1 March 2020 there were 19 996 students attending Vilnius University 49 The current rector is Professor Rimvydas Petrauskas 50 The university specifically the courtyard was featured in the American TV series The Amazing Race 12 51 Structure Edit Faculties Edit Business School Faculty of Chemistry and Geosciences Faculty of Communication Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Faculty of History Faculty of Law Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics Faculty of Medicine Faculty of Philology Faculty of Philosophy Faculty of Physics Institute of International Relations and Political Science Kaunas Faculty Life Sciences Center Siauliai Academy 52 Business School Center of Physical Sciences and Technology Faculty of Philology Faculty of Philosophy Faculty of Physics Faculty of Chemistry and Geosciences Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics Faculty of Medicine Faculties of Law and Communication Institute of International Relations and Political Science Kaunas Faculty Life Sciences Center Other Divisions Edit National Open Access Scientific Communication and Information Center in Sauletekis Valley Vilnius Botanical garden Centre of Information Technology Development Centre of Property Management and Services Conference seminar and leisure centre Romuva Cultural Centre Health and Sport Centre Library Museum Publishing House 52 Campus Edit Observatory Courtyard The old campus of Vilnius University consists of 13 buildings and 13 courtyards 53 At present the Rector s Office the Library the Faculties of Philology Philosophy and History are situated there The largest courtyards are P Skargos The main courtyard M K Sarbievijaus courtyard Library courtyard Observatory courtyard Faculties of Physics Economy Law and Communication as well as Business School Life Sciences Center and Scholarly Communication and Information Centre are located in Sauletekis district Ranking Edit University rankingsGlobal OverallARWU World 54 701 800 2020 CWTS World 55 805 2020 QS World 56 423 2021 THE World 57 801 1000 2020 USNWR Global 58 591 2020 Vilnius University is ranked 423 among World top universities by 2021 QS World University Rankings In 2020 QS WU Rankings by Subject Vilnius University is ranked 201 250 in Linguistics and 251 300 in Physics and Astronomy In QS rankings of Emerging Europe and Central Asia Vilnius University is ranked 18 59 Vilnius University is ranked 635 in the world by Best Global Universities Rankings by U S News amp World Report 60 Projects Edit Recent and ongoing projects at Vilnius University include Laser Spectrometer for Testing of Coatings of Crystals and Optical Components in Wide Spectral and Angle Range 61 NATO Science for Peace programme project NATO SfP 972534 1999 2002 Cell biology and lasers towards new technologies Vilnius University UNESCO Associated Centre of Excellence 62 Science and Society Genomics and Benefit Sharing with Developing Countries From Biodiversity to Human Genomics GenBenefit Doc E Gefenas Faculty of Medicine 2006 2009 Citizens and governance in a knowledge based society Social Inequality and Why It Matters for the Economic and Democratic Development of Europe and Its Citizens Post Communist Central and Eastern Europe in Comparative Perspective EUREQUAL Doc A Poviliunas Faculty of Philosophy 2006 2009 Marie Curie Chairs Centre for Studies and Training Experiments with Lasers and Laser Applications STELLA 63 A Dubietis Faculty of Physics 2006 2009 Research Infrastructure Action Integrated European Laser Laboratories LaserLab Europe Prof A Piskarskas Faculty of Physics 2004 2007 Nanotechnology and nanoscieces knowledge based multifunctional materials new production processes and devices Cell Programming by Nanoscaled Devices CellPROM Prof A Kareiva Faculty of Chemistry 2004 2009 Advanced European Infrastructures for Detectors at Accelerators AIDA 2020 Institute of Applied Research Faculty of Physics J V Vaitkus G Tamulaitis 2015 2019 EU STRAT The EU and Eastern Partnership Countries An Inside Out Analysis and Strategic Assessment EU STRAT Institute of International Relations and Political Science R Vilpisauskas 2016 2019 European Network of Research Ethics and Research Integrity European Ethics and Research Integrity Network E Gefenas Faculty of Medicine 2016 2019 International relations Edit Vilnius University has signed more than 180 bilateral cooperation agreements with universities in 41 countries Under Erasmus programme the university has over 800 agreements with 430 European and 55 agreements with partner country universities for the academic exchanges University students actively participate in such exchange programmes as ERASMUS ERASMUS MUNDUS ISEP AEN MAUI and CREPUQ The University is a signatory of the Magna Charta of European universities and a member of the International Association of Universities European University Association the Conference of Baltic University Rectors the Utrecht Network UNICA Network and the Baltic Sea Region University Network In addition Vilnius University has been invited to join the Coimbra Group a network of prestigious European universities from 1 January 2016 People Edit Adam Mickiewicz considered one of the greatest European poets Nobel Prize winners Edit Czeslaw Milosz poet The Nobel Prize in Literature 1980Notable professors and alumni of Vilnius University Edit in alphabetical order dd Professors Edit Alfredas Bumblauskas professor historian Edvardas Gudavicius professor historian Sarunas Raudys professor data analyst Jan Rustem professor of painting Joseph Saunders engraver English printmaker and original professor of Art history 1810 1821 Konstantinas Sirvydas professor Zigmas Zinkevicius professor linguist historian Alumni Edit Tomas Banisauskas founder of the popular website Bored Panda Aleksander Chodzko poet Slavist Leonard Chodzko historian Adam Jerzy Czartoryski Tadeusz Czezowski logician Simonas Daukantas historian Ignacy Domeyko founder of University of Santiago de Chile Jozef Goluchowski philosopher Georg Forster naturalist ethnologist and revolutionary Johann Peter Frank physician Marija Gimbutas archeologist author of the Kurgan hypothesis Wladyslaw Marian Jakowicki physician rector Stanislaw Bonifacy Jundzill biologist Jozef Ignacy Kraszewski writer Michal Kulesza Mykolas Kulesa painter Zygimantas Liauksminas philosopher Joachim Lelewel historian and politician Henryk Lowmianski historian Ina Marciulionyte Ambassador and Permanent Delegate of the Republic of Lithuania to UNESCO Adam Mickiewicz poet Czeslaw Milosz poet Nobel laureate Gitanas Nauseda President of Lithuania Karol Podczaszynski architect Edmundas Rimsa historian specialist of heraldics sfragistics and genealogy Maciej Kazimierz Sarbiewski famous Latin language poet Jozef Sekowski orientalist journalist Piotr Skarga Kazimierz Siemienowicz artillery engineer constructor and pioneer of rocketry Virginijus Siksnys biochemist Juliusz Slowacki poet Jan Sniadecki astronomer mathematician physicist Jedrzej Sniadecki chemist and physician Marcin Smiglecki logician Witold Taszycki linguist Ludwik Trynkowski Polish Roman Catholic priest and religious writer Tomas Venclova poet author and translator Yale University professor Albertas Vijukas Kojelavicius historian author of the first History of Lithuania Vilenas Vadapalas lawyer Judge in the Court of First Instance Jakub Wujek first translator of the Bible into the Polish language Tomasz Zan poet Czeslaw Znamierowski painterSee also EditList of early modern universities in Europe List of Universities in Lithuania Utrecht Network Protmusis Start FM Vilnius University Folklore Ensemble Ratilio History of Vilnius List of Jesuit sites Lithuania portalReferences Edit http www vu lt site files InfS Leidiniai Vilnius University 1579 2004 pdf Veiklos dokumentai Vilniaus universitetas Facts and Figures Vilnius University UNSD Methodology unstats un org Retrieved 2021 07 13 Record High VU Position University Makes it to the Top 400 World Universities Vilnius University Retrieved 2021 07 13 Ilowiecki Maciej 1981 Dzieje nauki polskiej Warszawa Wydawnictwo Interpress p 241 ISBN 83 223 1876 6 Lithuania Today Gintaras 1978 Retrieved 9 March 2011 Lola Romanucci Ross George A De Vos 1995 Ethnic identity creation conflict and accommodation Rowman Altamira p 251 ISBN 978 0 7619 9111 3 Retrieved 9 March 2011 Czeslaw Milosz 1983 The history of Polish literature University of California Press pp 114 ISBN 978 0 520 04477 7 Retrieved 9 March 2011 Antanas Jusaitis Lithuanian Catholic Truth Society 1918 The history of the Lithuanian nation and its present national aspirations The Lithuanian Catholic Truth Society pp 74 Retrieved 9 March 2011 Giedre Mickunaite 2006 Making a great ruler Grand Duke Vytautas of Lithuania Central European University Press pp 156 ISBN 978 963 7326 58 5 Retrieved 9 March 2011 Norman Davies May 2005 God s Playground 1795 to the present Columbia University Press pp 169 ISBN 978 0 231 12819 3 Retrieved 9 March 2011 Jerzy Jan Lerski 1996 Historical dictionary of Poland 966 1945 Greenwood Publishing Group pp 629 ISBN 978 0 313 26007 0 Retrieved 9 March 2011 Organisation for Economic Co operation and Development Centre for Co operation with Non members 2002 Lithuania OECD Publishing p 201 ISBN 978 92 64 18717 7 Retrieved 9 March 2011 Oskar Halecki 1958 From Florence to Brest 1439 1596 Fordham University Press Retrieved 9 March 2011 Oskar Garstein 1992 Rome and the Counter Reformation in Scandinavia Jesuit educational strategy 1553 1622 BRILL p 236 ISBN 978 90 04 09393 5 Retrieved 9 March 2011 JESUITS IN LITHUANIA A SHORT HISTORY Baltic Jesuit advancement project Archived from the original on 2011 07 22 Retrieved 2011 03 09 Chisholm Hugh ed 1911 Vilna town Encyclopaedia Britannica 28 11th ed Cambridge University Press pp 88 89 Bain Robert Nisbet 1911 Skarga Piotr In Chisholm Hugh ed Encyclopaedia Britannica 25 11th ed Cambridge University Press p 166 Jonas Kubilius 1979 A Short history of Vilnius University Mokslas Retrieved 9 March 2011 Akt potwierdzenia Imperatorskiego Uniwersytetu w Wilnie 1803 Retrieved 20 June 2021 Tomas Venclova 2002 Vilnius city guide R Paknio leidykla ISBN 978 9986 830 48 1 Retrieved 9 March 2011 a b Soviet physics collection Allerton Press 1979 Retrieved 9 March 2011 Miriam A Drake 2005 Encyclopedia of library and information science second edition CRC Press pp 327 ISBN 978 0 8493 3894 6 Retrieved 9 March 2011 Laimonas Briedis 1 March 2009 Vilnius city of strangers CEU Press ISBN 978 963 9776 44 9 Retrieved 9 March 2011 Marcel Cornis Pope John Neubauer 15 July 2007 History of the literary cultures of East Central Europe junctures and disjunctures in the 19th and 20th centuries John Benjamins Publishing Company pp 6 ISBN 978 90 272 3455 1 Retrieved 9 March 2011 David H Stam 1 November 2001 International dictionary of library histories Taylor amp Francis p 926 ISBN 978 1 57958 244 9 Retrieved 10 March 2011 a b c d e f g Sarunas Liekis Sarunas Liekis 1 January 2010 1939 the year that changed everything in Lithuania s history Rodopi pp 174 175 ISBN 978 90 420 2762 6 Retrieved 9 March 2011 The Current digest of the Soviet Press American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies 1955 Retrieved 9 March 2011 a b c d Zinkevicius Zigmas 1988 Lietuvu kalbos istorija Senuju rastu kalba in Lithuanian Vilnius Mintis p 159 ISBN 5 420 00102 0 Zinkevicius Zigmas 1988 Lietuvu kalbos istorija Senuju rastu kalba in Lithuanian Vilnius Mintis p 160 ISBN 5 420 00102 0 a b Kevin O Connor 2006 Culture and customs of the Baltic states Greenwood Publishing Group pp 81 ISBN 978 0 313 33125 1 Retrieved 10 March 2011 Jerzy Jan Lerski 1996 Historical dictionary of Poland 966 1945 Greenwood Publishing Group pp 74 ISBN 978 0 313 26007 0 Retrieved 10 March 2011 Marcel Cornis Pope John Neubauer 13 September 2006 History of the literary cultures of East Central Europe junctures and disjunctures in the 19th and 20th centuries John Benjamins Publishing Company pp 19 ISBN 978 90 272 3453 7 Retrieved 10 March 2011 Ted Tapper David Palfreyman 23 December 2004 Understanding mass higher education comparative perspectives on access Psychology Press pp 141 ISBN 978 0 415 35491 2 Retrieved 10 March 2011 a b Piotr Stefan Wandycz 1974 The lands of partitioned Poland 1795 1918 University of Washington Press pp 95 ISBN 978 0 295 95358 8 Retrieved 9 March 2011 a b Gawronska Garstka 2014 p 17 sfn error no target CITEREFGawronska Garstka2014 help Sejm Wilenski 1922 roku Idea i jej realizacja Repository of University of Wroclaw repozytorium uni wroc pl a b Tomas Venclova Summer 1981 FOUR CENTURIES OF ENLIGHTENMENT A Historic View of the University of Vilnius 1579 1979 Lituanus Retrieved 2009 01 13 Aleksander Srebrakowski Litwa i Litwini na USB Archived 2020 07 16 at the Wayback Machine Aleksander Srebrakowski Bialorus i Bialorusini na Uniwersytecie Stefana Batorego w Wilnie Archived 2020 07 16 at the Wayback Machine a b c d e Emanuel Melzer 1997 No way out the politics of Polish Jewry 1935 1939 Hebrew Union College Press pp 74 76 ISBN 978 0 87820 418 2 Retrieved 10 March 2011 A Srebrakowski Sprawa Waclawskiego Przeglad Wschodni 2004 t IX z 3 35 p 575 601 PDF Archived from the original PDF on 2020 07 16 Retrieved 2020 12 26 Ludwik Hass 1999 Wolnomularze polscy w kraju i na swiecie 1821 1999 slownik biograficzny Rytm p 183 ISBN 978 83 87893 52 1 Retrieved 11 March 2011 D Trenin The End of Eurasia Russia on the Border Between Geopolitics and Globalization 2002 p 164 a b Adam Redzik Polish Universities During the Second World War Encuentros de Historia Comparada Hispano Polaca Spotkania poswiecone historii porownawczej hiszpansko polskiej conference 2004 a b in Polish Mikolaj Tarkowski Wydzial Prawa i Nauk Spolecznych Uniwersytetu Stefana Batorego w Wilnie 1919 1939 przyczynek do dziejow szkolnictwa wyzszego w dwudziestoleciu miedzywojennym Archived 2008 02 27 at the Wayback Machine History PDF a b Strany mira Countries Archived from the original on 3 March 2016 Retrieved 31 May 2015 Facts and Figures Retrieved 2020 08 31 Vilnius University elects new rector lrt lt January 23 2020 Circumnavigating the Globe Amazing Race 10 to 14 and Amazing Race Asia 1 to 3 pg 79 a b Faculties Institutes Centres amp Other Departments Retrieved 2018 07 18 Maps and Pictures Retrieved 2017 12 09 ARWU World University Rankings 2020 Academic Ranking of World Universities 2020 Top 1000 universities Shanghai Ranking 2020 www shanghairanking com Archived from the original on 2020 08 15 Retrieved 2020 08 31 Studies CWTS Centre for Science and Technology CWTS Leiden Ranking CWTS Leiden Ranking Vilnius University Top Universities Vilnius University Times Higher Education THE January 20 2021 US News Rankings 2018 Vilnius University Top Universities 2015 07 16 Retrieved 2020 08 31 Vilnius University Rankings Lazeriniu tyrimu centras Fizikos fakultetas Archived from the original on 2007 06 27 Retrieved 2021 05 12 Research News Centre Archived from the original on 2012 02 10 Retrieved 31 May 2015 Archived copy Archived from the original on 2007 05 13 Retrieved 2021 08 08 CS1 maint archived copy as title link Bibliography EditStudia z dziejow Uniwersytetu Wilenskiego 1579 1979 K Mrozowska Krakow 1979 Uniwersytet Wilenski 1579 1979 M Kosman Wroclaw 1981 Vilniaus Universiteto istorija 1579 1803 Mokslas Vilnius 1976 316 p Vilniaus Universiteto istorija 1803 1940 Mokslas Vilnius 1977 341 p Vilniaus Universiteto istorija 1940 1979 Mokslas Vilnius 1979 431 p Lossowski Piotr 1991 Likwidacja Uniwersytetu Stefana Batorego przez wladze litweskie w grudniu 1939 roku in Polish Warszawa Interlibro ISBN 83 85161 26 0 Magdalena Gawronska Garstka Uniwersytet Stefana Batorego w Wilnie Uczelnia ziem polnocno wschodnich Drugiej Rzeczypospolitej 1919 1939 w swietle zrodel Poznan 2016 External links Edit Media related to Vilnius University at Wikimedia Commons Official website Institute of International Relations and Political Science Universitas Vilnensis 1579 2004 well written and illustrated book 92 pages History of Vilnius University by Tomas Venclova in Lithuanian Vilniaus universitetas reprezentacinis leidinys in Polish Uniwersytet Wilenski 1579 2004 Archived 2016 03 03 at the Wayback Machine in Polish A Srebrakowski Studenci Uniwersytetu Stefana Batorego w Wilnie 1919 1939 Wroclaw 2008 part one Archived 2020 07 16 at the Wayback Machine Vilnius University Students Representation Vilnius University Cyber Security Competition Cyberthon Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Vilnius University amp oldid 1053761682, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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