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Gaius Julius Vindex

"Vindex" redirects here. For other uses, see Vindex (disambiguation).

Gaius Julius Vindex (c. AD 25 – 68) was a Roman governor in the province of Gallia Lugdunensis. He was of a noble Gallic family of Aquitania (given senatorial status under Claudius), and was one of the men belonging to a faction of Empress Agrippina, the mother of Nero. Vindex had taken part in a conspiracy against the emperor in 59. However, with the assassination of Agrippina by Nero, this faction was dissolved.

a forged denarius of Vindex, minted in AD 68, around the time of his rebellion.

In either late 67 or early 68, Vindex rebelled against Emperor Nero. Though the aims of his followers may have been more complex, Vindex, as a senator, probably had the aim simply of replacing Nero with a better emperor.

According to the historian Cassius Dio, Vindex "was powerful in body and of shrewd intelligence, was skilled in warfare and full of daring for any great enterprise; and he had a passionate love of freedom and a vast ambition". In order to gain support, he declared his allegiance to the then governor of Hispania Tarraconensis, Servius Sulpicius Galba.

The commander of the Germania Superior army, Lucius Verginius Rufus advanced against him. The battle between their two forces took place near Vesontio (modern Besançon). What occurred then is unclear, but, despite a meeting between Verginius and Vindex, the forces under Verginius seem to have decided on a battle without orders. Desire for plunder and the weakness of Verginius as a commander are possible explanations. Vindex was defeated in the resulting battle and subsequently committed suicide.

By June 68, military support for Galba eventually led to Nero committing suicide. Galba, acclaimed by the Senate, struck coins to commemorate Vindex, to whom he owed his position as emperor.

Following normal Roman procedures, his name Gaius Julius indicated that his family had likely been given citizenship under Gaius Julius Caesar, or perhaps Emperor Augustus or Caligula.

  1. Ancient Greece and Rome. Oxford University Press. pp. 6ff. ISBN 978-0-19-517072-6.
  2. Charles L. Murison, Galba, Otho and Vitellius: Careers and Controversies (Spudasmata: Studien zur Klassichen Philologie und ihren Grenzgebieten), p. 3
  3. Cassius Dio, 63.22.1-2
  4. H. H. Scullard, From the Gracchi to Nero, p. 330
  5. Murison, Galba, Otho and Vitellius, p. 15
  6. David L. Vagi (2000). Coinage and History of the Roman Empire, C. 82 B.C.--A.D. 480: History. Taylor & Francis. pp. 182ff. ISBN 978-1-57958-316-3.


Gaius Julius Vindex
Gaius Julius Vindex Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Vindex Vindex redirects here For other uses see Vindex disambiguation Gaius Julius Vindex c AD 25 68 was a Roman governor in the province of Gallia Lugdunensis 1 He was of a noble Gallic family of Aquitania given senatorial status under Claudius and was one of the men belonging to a faction of Empress Agrippina the mother of Nero Vindex had taken part in a conspiracy against the emperor in 59 However with the assassination of Agrippina by Nero this faction was dissolved a forged denarius of Vindex minted in AD 68 around the time of his rebellion In either late 67 or early 68 Vindex rebelled against Emperor Nero Though the aims of his followers may have been more complex Vindex as a senator probably had the aim simply of replacing Nero with a better emperor 2 According to the historian Cassius Dio Vindex was powerful in body and of shrewd intelligence was skilled in warfare and full of daring for any great enterprise and he had a passionate love of freedom and a vast ambition 3 In order to gain support he declared his allegiance to the then governor of Hispania Tarraconensis Servius Sulpicius Galba The commander of the Germania Superior army Lucius Verginius Rufus advanced against him The battle between their two forces took place near Vesontio modern Besancon What occurred then is unclear but despite a meeting between Verginius and Vindex the forces under Verginius seem to have decided on a battle without orders 4 Desire for plunder and the weakness of Verginius as a commander are possible explanations 5 Vindex was defeated in the resulting battle and subsequently committed suicide 4 By June 68 military support for Galba eventually led to Nero committing suicide Galba acclaimed by the Senate struck coins to commemorate Vindex to whom he owed his position as emperor 6 Following normal Roman procedures his name Gaius Julius indicated that his family had likely been given citizenship under Gaius Julius Caesar or perhaps Emperor Augustus or Caligula References Edit Ancient Greece and Rome Oxford University Press pp 6ff ISBN 978 0 19 517072 6 Charles L Murison Galba Otho and Vitellius Careers and Controversies Spudasmata Studien zur Klassichen Philologie und ihren Grenzgebieten p 3 Cassius Dio 63 22 1 2 a b H H Scullard From the Gracchi to Nero p 330 Murison Galba Otho and Vitellius p 15 David L Vagi 2000 Coinage and History of the Roman Empire C 82 B C A D 480 History Taylor amp Francis pp 182ff ISBN 978 1 57958 316 3 External links EditDonahue John Galba 68 69 A D De Imperatoribus Romanis Lendering Jona Caius Julius Vindex Livius This ancient Roman biographical article is a stub You can help Wikipedia by expanding it vte Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Gaius Julius Vindex amp oldid 1029643328, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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