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Vinkovci

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Vinkovci (pronounced ) is a city in Slavonia, in the Vukovar-Syrmia County in eastern Croatia. In the 2011 census, the total population of the city was 35,312, making it the largest town of the county. Surrounded by many large villages, it is a local transport hub, particularly because of its railways.

Vinkovci
Grad Vinkovci
City of Vinkovci
Vinkovci
Coat of arms
Vinkovci
Location of Vinkovci in Croatia
Coordinates:45°17′28″N018°48′04″E /45.29111°N 18.80111°E /45.29111; 18.80111Coordinates: 45°17′28″N018°48′04″E /45.29111°N 18.80111°E /45.29111; 18.80111
CountryCroatia
RegionSlavonia
CountyVukovar-Syrmia
Government
• TypeCity
• MayorIvan Bosančić (HDZ)
Area
City94.21 km2 (36.37 sq mi)
Elevation
90 m (300 ft)
Population
(2011)
City35,312
• Density370/km2 (970/sq mi)
Urban
32,029
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Area code(s)32
Vehicle registrationVK
Websitevinkovci.hr

Contents

The name Vinkovci is supposed to come from the common Croatian personal name Vinko. It was called Cibalae in antiquity. There are several proposed etymologies for Cibalae. Those who advocate that Illyrian was a satem language generally advocate that it comes from Proto-Indo-European*ghebhel (head), in the sense "hill". Those who advocate the theory that Illyrian was a centum language generally advocate that it comes from Proto-Indo-European words*kjey (house) and*bel (strong), so that it means "strong house".[unreliable source?]

The name of the city in Croatian is plural.

In other historically and demographically relevant languages the name of the city is German: Winkowitz, Hungarian: Vinkovce, Serbian Cyrillic:Винковци, Rusyn:Винковцѣ, Latin: Colonia Aurelia Cibalae and Ancient Greek:Κιβέλαι Kibelae.

Building in the city center
Kingdom of Hungary stamp canceled with the Hungarian name VINKOVCE in 1874.

The area around Vinkovci has been continually inhabited since the Neolithic period. According to archaeologist Aleksandar Durman, Vinkovci has been continuously inhabited for 8,300 years. It was made a municipium (the Roman name for town or city) under Hadrian and gained the status of Colonia Aurelia Cibalae during the reign of emperor Caracalla. It was the birthplace of Roman emperors Valentinian I and Valens. The Roman thermal bath is still preserved underground, along with several other Roman buildings located near the center of today's Vinkovci. The 4th century Battle of Cibalae, between the armies of Constantine the Great and Licinius, was fought nearby.

From 1526 to 1687 it was part of the Ottoman Empire, administratively located in Siremsanjak (whose seat was in Dimitrofça) within the Budin Eyalet. It was captured by the Habsburg Empire in 1687, which was later confirmed by the Treaty of Karlowitz in 1699. Until 1918, Vinkovci (named Winkowcze before 1850) was part of the Austrian monarchy (Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia after the compromise of 1867), in the Slavonian Military Frontier, under the administration of the Brooder Grenz-Infanterie-Regiment Nr. VII until 1881.

In the late 19th and early 20th century, Vinkovci was a district capital in the Syrmia County of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia. From 1941 to 1945, Vinkovci was part of the Independent State of Croatia. From 17 April 1944 the city was heavily bombed by the Allies due to its important position in transportation. Vinkovci Synagogue was among the largest and the most prestigious synagogues in Croatia. It was destroyed by the Croatian government in 1941–42.

The city and its surroundings were gravely impacted by the 1991–95 Croatian War of Independence. The city was close to the front lines between the forces of Croatia and the rebel Serbs, but it managed to avoid the fate of nearby Vukovar, which was besieged in the infamous Battle of Vukovar. The eastern sections of the town were substantially damaged by shelling, and the nearby village of Cerić was almost completely destroyed. The most significant destruction in the town center were the town library, which burned down to the ground, the town court, the Catholic and Orthodox churches (the Church of Saints Eusebius and Polion and the Church of Pentecost, respectively), both of its hospitals, the town theatre, two cinemas, and a host of businesses and factories. The Church of Pentecost was dynamited by local Croatian forces as retaliation after rebel Serbs forces severely damaged the local Catholic rectory. In December 1995–96, the Vinkovci rail station served as a rail offloading base for the United States Army's 1st Armored Division en route to Županja to cross the Sava River into Bosnia during Operation Joint Endeavor.

Hotel Slavonija
Bosut river

The Croatian Army has stationed the headquarters of its Armored-Mechanized Guard Brigade at Vinkovci barracks. The current brigade was formed in 2007 and it incorporated two former guards brigades (3rd and 5th) as well as several other units formed in the 1990s during the war of independence.

Vinkovci is located in the eastern part of the Slavonia region, 19 km (12 mi) southwest of Vukovar, 24 km (15 mi) north of Županja and 43 km (27 mi) south of Osijek. The city lies in a flatland on the Bosut river, at an elevation of approx. 90 metres (300 ft), and has a mild continental climate. Vinkovci is also part of the smaller subregion of Syrmia.

It is connected to all main railroad routes in the region, while state roads D46 and D55 connect it to motorways; river Bosut is not a waterway. Nearby villages and adjacent municipalities include Ivankovo, Jarmina, Markušica, Nuštar, Privlaka and Stari Jankovci.

Hungarian Cultural Association
Historical populations
of Vinkovci
YearPop.±%
1857 4,493
1869 5,773+28.5%
1880 7,315+26.7%
1890 8,123+11.0%
1900 9,832+21.0%
1910 11,670+18.7%
1921 12,640+8.3%
1931 16,038+26.9%
1948 18,633+16.2%
1953 20,834+11.8%
1961 25,313+21.5%
1971 31,605+24.9%
1981 35,944+13.7%
1991 38,580+7.3%
2001 35,912−6.9%
2011 35,312−1.7%
Source: Naselja i stanovništvo Republike Hrvatske 1857–2001, DZS, Zagreb, 2005 & Popis stanovništva 2011

The city administrative area includes the following settlements:

  • Mirkovci, population 3,283
  • Vinkovci, population 32,029

In 2011, it was the 17th largest city in Croatia.

By ethnic group, as of census 2011, the population of Vinkovci is:

Its economy is primarily based on trade, transport and food and metal processing. Industries include foodstuff, building material, wood and timber, metal-processing, leather and textile. Due to the surrounding farmland, also notable are farming and livestock breeding, and the town hosts a Crop Improvement Centre.

Vinkovci railway station is the main railway junction of eastern Croatia, of railroads leading from Bosnia and Herzegovina toward Hungary and from the capital Zagreb toward Belgrade. The large railway junction, after Zagreb the second largest in Croatia, underlies the importance of transit in Vinkovci. Vinkovci is also the meeting point of the Posavina and Podravina roads and the intersection of the main road D55 Županja–Vinkovci–Vukovar and several regional roads.

Vinkovci, though it is spelled Vincovci in the book, and its rail station are featured in Agatha Christie's Murder on the Orient Express as the place near which the Orient Express breaks down.

The town features extremely rich cultural and historical heritage, the most interesting attraction being the pre-Romanesque church on Meraja from 1100, with the coats of arms of the kings Koloman and Ladislas, as one of the most important medieval cultural monuments in Croatia. The building has recently[when?] had the ancient timber beams removed and a new, modern, brick upper section and roof added.

The most famous annual event, one of the biggest in Slavonia, is the folk music festival "Vinkovci Autumns" (Vinkovačke Jeseni), which includes the folklore show and the presentation of folk customs of Slavonia. It is characterized by a number of original folk music performances, beautiful traditional costumes, a beauty contest, competitions of the manufacturers of kulen (smoked paprika-flavoured sausage), plum brandy and other traditional foodstuffs, and especially by the magnificent closing parade.

Vinkovci's music school Josip Runjanin is named after the composer of the Croatian national anthem Lijepa naša domovino. The Vinkovci gymnasium is named after Matija Antun Reljković, a Slavonian writer who lived in the city in the 18th century.

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.(September 2011) ()

Twin towns — sister cities

Vinkovci is twinned with:

A local football club still carries the Latin name for Vinkovci, Cibalia.

Bibliography

Notes

  1. "Vinkovci" (in Croatian). Vukovar-Srijem County. 2009. Retrieved2010-08-12.
  2. "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Vinkovci". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  3. "Croatian toponyms". Linguist Forum. Retrieved5 April 2018.
  4. Jutarnji List; (newspaper) (2014) Slavonci iz vremena piramida (Slavonians from the time of the pyramids) {“Vinkovci su najstariji trajno nastanjeni europski grad, s poviješću duljom od 8200 godina, što potvrđuju arheološki nalazi datirani u razmacima kraćim od 50 godina”, otkriva nam Aleksandar Durman, profesor na Odsjeku za arheologiju Filozofskog fakulteta u Zagrebu... Vinkovci is the oldest permanently inhabited European city, with a history of more than 8,200 years, which is confirmed by archaeological finds dated at intervals of less than 50 years ”, reveals Aleksandar Durman, professor at the Department of Archeology at the Faculty of Philosophy in Zagreb"} [1]
  5. Report on the Situation of Urban Archaeology in Europe. Council of Europe. 1999. p. 54. ISBN 978-9287136718. Retrieved2 November 2017.
  6. "Povijest grada" (in Croatian). City of Vinkovci. Retrieved25 September 2015.
  7. Ivana Iskra Janošić (2001). Urbanization of Cibalae and development of centers for pottery production. Zagreb-Vinkovci. pp. 31–33, 147–150.
  8. Edwin Mueller (1961). Handbook of Austria and Lombardy-Venetia Cancellations on the Postage Stamp Issues 1850–1864.
  9. Marica Karakaš. "Saveznička bombardiranja Srijema u Drugome svjetskom ratu"(PDF) (in Croatian, English, and German). Zagreb, Croatia: Political Science Research Centre. Archived from the original(PDF) on 2011-05-22. Retrieved2010-08-12.
  10. "Zlo u ratu, dobrota u miru". Novosti (in Serbian) (585). 2012-03-05. Retrieved2012-04-05.
  11. "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Vukovar-Sirmium". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  12. "The City • Natural and geographic features • Turistička zajednica grada Vinkovaca".
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Vinkovci
Vinkovci Language Watch Edit This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Vinkovci news newspapers books scholar JSTOR July 2010 Learn how and when to remove this template message Vinkovci pronounced ʋiːŋkoːʋtsi is a city in Slavonia in the Vukovar Syrmia County in eastern Croatia In the 2011 census the total population of the city was 35 312 2 making it the largest town of the county Surrounded by many large villages it is a local transport hub particularly because of its railways VinkovciCityGrad Vinkovci City of VinkovciVinkovciCoat of armsVinkovciLocation of Vinkovci in CroatiaCoordinates 45 17 28 N 018 48 04 E 45 29111 N 18 80111 E 45 29111 18 80111 Coordinates 45 17 28 N 018 48 04 E 45 29111 N 18 80111 E 45 29111 18 80111Country CroatiaRegionSlavoniaCounty Vukovar SyrmiaGovernment TypeCity MayorIvan Bosancic HDZ Area 1 City94 21 km2 36 37 sq mi Elevation90 m 300 ft Population 2011 2 City35 312 Density370 km2 970 sq mi Urban32 029Time zoneUTC 1 CET Summer DST UTC 2 CEST Postal code32100Area code s 32Vehicle registrationVKWebsitevinkovci hr Contents 1 Name 2 History 3 Geography 4 Demographics 5 Economy and transportation 6 Culture 7 Monuments and sights 8 Notable natives and residents 9 International relations 9 1 Twin towns sister cities 10 Sport 11 See also 12 References 12 1 Bibliography 12 2 Notes 13 External linksName EditThe name Vinkovci is supposed to come from the common Croatian personal name Vinko It was called Cibalae in antiquity There are several proposed etymologies for Cibalae Those who advocate that Illyrian was a satem language generally advocate that it comes from Proto Indo European ghebhel head in the sense hill Those who advocate the theory that Illyrian was a centum language generally advocate that it comes from Proto Indo European words kjey house and bel strong so that it means strong house 3 unreliable source The name of the city in Croatian is plural In other historically and demographically relevant languages the name of the city is German Winkowitz Hungarian Vinkovce Serbian Cyrillic Vinkovci Rusyn Vinkovcѣ Latin Colonia Aurelia Cibalae and Ancient Greek Kibelai Kibelae History Edit Building in the city center Kingdom of Hungary stamp canceled with the Hungarian name VINKOVCE in 1874 The area around Vinkovci has been continually inhabited since the Neolithic period According to archaeologist Aleksandar Durman Vinkovci has been continuously inhabited for 8 300 years 4 It was made a municipium the Roman name for town or city under Hadrian and gained the status of Colonia Aurelia Cibalae during the reign of emperor Caracalla 5 6 It was the birthplace of Roman emperors Valentinian I and Valens The Roman thermal bath is still preserved underground along with several other Roman buildings located near the center of today s Vinkovci 7 The 4th century Battle of Cibalae between the armies of Constantine the Great and Licinius was fought nearby From 1526 to 1687 it was part of the Ottoman Empire administratively located in Sirem sanjak whose seat was in Dimitrofca within the Budin Eyalet It was captured by the Habsburg Empire in 1687 which was later confirmed by the Treaty of Karlowitz in 1699 Until 1918 Vinkovci named Winkowcze before 1850 8 was part of the Austrian monarchy Kingdom of Croatia Slavonia after the compromise of 1867 in the Slavonian Military Frontier under the administration of the Brooder Grenz Infanterie Regiment Nr VII until 1881 In the late 19th and early 20th century Vinkovci was a district capital in the Syrmia County of the Kingdom of Croatia Slavonia From 1941 to 1945 Vinkovci was part of the Independent State of Croatia From 17 April 1944 the city was heavily bombed by the Allies due to its important position in transportation 9 Vinkovci Synagogue was among the largest and the most prestigious synagogues in Croatia It was destroyed by the Croatian government in 1941 42 The city and its surroundings were gravely impacted by the 1991 95 Croatian War of Independence The city was close to the front lines between the forces of Croatia and the rebel Serbs but it managed to avoid the fate of nearby Vukovar which was besieged in the infamous Battle of Vukovar The eastern sections of the town were substantially damaged by shelling and the nearby village of Ceric was almost completely destroyed The most significant destruction in the town center were the town library which burned down to the ground the town court the Catholic and Orthodox churches the Church of Saints Eusebius and Polion and the Church of Pentecost respectively both of its hospitals the town theatre two cinemas and a host of businesses and factories The Church of Pentecost was dynamited by local Croatian forces as retaliation after rebel Serbs forces severely damaged the local Catholic rectory 10 In December 1995 96 the Vinkovci rail station served as a rail offloading base for the United States Army s 1st Armored Division en route to Zupanja to cross the Sava River into Bosnia during Operation Joint Endeavor Hotel Slavonija Bosut river The Croatian Army has stationed the headquarters of its Armored Mechanized Guard Brigade at Vinkovci barracks The current brigade was formed in 2007 and it incorporated two former guards brigades 3rd and 5th as well as several other units formed in the 1990s during the war of independence Geography EditVinkovci is located in the eastern part of the Slavonia region 19 km 12 mi southwest of Vukovar 24 km 15 mi north of Zupanja and 43 km 27 mi south of Osijek The city lies in a flatland on the Bosut river at an elevation of approx 90 metres 300 ft and has a mild continental climate Vinkovci is also part of the smaller subregion of Syrmia It is connected to all main railroad routes in the region while state roads D46 and D55 connect it to motorways river Bosut is not a waterway Nearby villages and adjacent municipalities include Ivankovo Jarmina Markusica Nustar Privlaka and Stari Jankovci Demographics Edit Hungarian Cultural Association Historical populations of VinkovciYearPop 18574 493 18695 773 28 5 18807 315 26 7 18908 123 11 0 19009 832 21 0 191011 670 18 7 192112 640 8 3 193116 038 26 9 194818 633 16 2 195320 834 11 8 196125 313 21 5 197131 605 24 9 198135 944 13 7 199138 580 7 3 200135 912 6 9 201135 312 1 7 Source Naselja i stanovnistvo Republike Hrvatske 1857 2001 DZS Zagreb 2005 amp Popis stanovnistva 2011 The city administrative area includes the following settlements 2 Mirkovci population 3 283 Vinkovci population 32 029 In 2011 it was the 17th largest city in Croatia By ethnic group as of census 2011 the population of Vinkovci is 11 Croats 92 35 Serbs 4 87 Hungarians 0 46 Others 2 32 Economy and transportation Edit Vinkovci railway station Its economy is primarily based on trade transport and food and metal processing Industries include foodstuff building material wood and timber metal processing leather and textile Due to the surrounding farmland also notable are farming and livestock breeding and the town hosts a Crop Improvement Centre Vinkovci railway station is the main railway junction of eastern Croatia of railroads leading from Bosnia and Herzegovina toward Hungary and from the capital Zagreb toward Belgrade The large railway junction after Zagreb the second largest in Croatia underlies the importance of transit in Vinkovci Vinkovci is also the meeting point of the Posavina and Podravina roads and the intersection of the main road D55 Zupanja Vinkovci Vukovar and several regional roads Vinkovci though it is spelled Vincovci in the book and its rail station are featured in Agatha Christie s Murder on the Orient Express as the place near which the Orient Express breaks down Culture EditThe town features extremely rich cultural and historical heritage the most interesting attraction being the pre Romanesque church on Meraja from 1100 with the coats of arms of the kings Koloman and Ladislas as one of the most important medieval cultural monuments in Croatia The building has recently when had the ancient timber beams removed and a new modern brick upper section and roof added The most famous annual event one of the biggest in Slavonia is the folk music festival Vinkovci Autumns Vinkovacke Jeseni which includes the folklore show and the presentation of folk customs of Slavonia It is characterized by a number of original folk music performances beautiful traditional costumes a beauty contest competitions of the manufacturers of kulen smoked paprika flavoured sausage plum brandy and other traditional foodstuffs and especially by the magnificent closing parade The Church of Pentecost in Vinkovci Vinkovci s music school Josip Runjanin is named after the composer of the Croatian national anthem Lijepa nasa domovino The Vinkovci gymnasium is named after Matija Antun Reljkovic a Slavonian writer who lived in the city in the 18th century Monuments and sights EditVinkovacke jeseniNotable natives and residents EditThis section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed September 2011 Learn how and when to remove this template message Goran Bare rock singer Majke Hali Gali Halid Vanja Drach actor Mirko Filipovic Kickboxer and Mixed Martial Arts fighter Satan Panonski Yugoslav and Croatian musician and freak performer Mavro Frankfurter last Vinkovci Rabbi Carl Heitzmann pathologist and dermatologist Lavoslav Kadelburg lawyer judge polyglot and activist Branko Karacic footballer manager Mario Kasun basketballer Josip Kozarac writer Ivan Kozarac writer Dubravko Matakovic cartoonist Dina Merhav Israeli sculptor Eugen Miskolczy physician Otto Miskolczy entrepreneur and World War II Partisan Josip Runjanin composer of Croatian anthem Stjepan Sejic comic book author Rade Serbedzija actor Erich Slomovic art collector Josip Sokcevic Croatian viceroy Theodoric the Great ostrogothic ruler and king of Italy Valens Roman Emperor Valentinian Roman Emperor Ivan Bosnjak footballer Sava Sumanovic Serbian painterInternational relations EditSee also List of twin towns and sister cities in Croatia Twin towns sister cities Edit Vinkovci is twinned with 12 Camponogara Italy Kenzingen Germany Ohrid North Macedonia Koprivnica Croatia citation needed Kobanya Budapest Hungary Siroki Brijeg Bosnia and HerzegovinaSport EditA local football club still carries the Latin name for Vinkovci Cibalia See also EditVinkovci Treasure Sopot cultureReferences EditBibliography Edit Cresswell Peterjon Atkins Ismay Dunn Lily 10 July 2006 Time Out Croatia First ed London Berkeley amp Toronto Time Out Group Ltd amp Ebury Publishing Random House Ltd 20 Vauxhall Bridge Road London SV1V 2SA ISBN 978 1 904978 70 1 Retrieved 10 March 2010 Notes Edit Vinkovci in Croatian Vukovar Srijem County 2009 Retrieved 2010 08 12 a b c Population by Age and Sex by Settlements 2011 Census Vinkovci Census of Population Households and Dwellings 2011 Zagreb Croatian Bureau of Statistics December 2012 Croatian toponyms Linguist Forum Retrieved 5 April 2018 Jutarnji List newspaper 2014 Slavonci iz vremena piramida Slavonians from the time of the pyramids Vinkovci su najstariji trajno nastanjeni europski grad s povijescu duljom od 8200 godina sto potvrđuju arheoloski nalazi datirani u razmacima kracim od 50 godina otkriva nam Aleksandar Durman profesor na Odsjeku za arheologiju Filozofskog fakulteta u Zagrebu Vinkovci is the oldest permanently inhabited European city with a history of more than 8 200 years which is confirmed by archaeological finds dated at intervals of less than 50 years reveals Aleksandar Durman professor at the Department of Archeology at the Faculty of Philosophy in Zagreb 1 Report on the Situation of Urban Archaeology in Europe Council of Europe 1999 p 54 ISBN 978 9287136718 Retrieved 2 November 2017 Povijest grada in Croatian City of Vinkovci Retrieved 25 September 2015 Ivana Iskra Janosic 2001 Urbanization of Cibalae and development of centers for pottery production Zagreb Vinkovci pp 31 33 147 150 Edwin Mueller 1961 Handbook of Austria and Lombardy Venetia Cancellations on the Postage Stamp Issues 1850 1864 Marica Karakas Saveznicka bombardiranja Srijema u Drugome svjetskom ratu PDF in Croatian English and German Zagreb Croatia Political Science Research Centre Archived from the original PDF on 2011 05 22 Retrieved 2010 08 12 Zlo u ratu dobrota u miru Novosti in Serbian 585 2012 03 05 Retrieved 2012 04 05 Population by Ethnicity by Towns Municipalities 2011 Census County of Vukovar Sirmium Census of Population Households and Dwellings 2011 Zagreb Croatian Bureau of Statistics December 2012 The City Natural and geographic features Turisticka zajednica grada Vinkovaca External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Vinkovci Official website in Croatian Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Vinkovci amp oldid 1042611236, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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