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Viola of Teschen

Not to be confused with Elisabeth of Cieszyn.

Viola of Teschen, later known as Elizabeth (Polish: Wiola Elżbieta cieszyńska, Czech: Viola Alžběta Těšínská) (ca. 1291 – 21 September 1317), was Queen of Bohemia and Poland by marriage to Wenceslaus III of Bohemia.

Viola of Teschen
Queen consort of Bohemia and Poland
Tenure1305–1306
Bornca. 1291
Died21 September 1317 (aged 26)?
Bohemia
Burial
SpouseWenceslaus III of Bohemia
Peter I of Rosenberg
HousePiast
FatherMieszko I, Duke of Cieszyn

She was daughter of Mieszko I, Duke of Cieszyn, by his unknown wife. She was named after her paternal great-grandmother Viola, wife of Duke Casimir I of Opole.

Contents

Queen of Bohemia and Poland

Viola married with young King Wenceslaus III of Bohemia and Poland on 5 October 1305 in Brno. The reasons for marriage are not too obvious: although later chroniclers describe how beautiful Viola was, her father Duke Mieszko I was only one of the vassals of King Wenceslaus III, and in consequence, this was an unequal union. The main reason wasn't her beauty but maybe the strategic position of Cieszyn between the Kingdoms of Bohemia and Poland. Four days after the wedding (9 October), Wenceslaus III annulled his long-time engagement to Elizabeth, daughter of King Andrew III of Hungary and with this renounced to all his claims over the Hungarian crown.

After her marriage, Viola took the name Elizabeth, but her union with the King wasn't completely happy because her husband's free lifestyle and the strong opposition of the Bohemian nobility, who had to prevent this "lower" union. Ten months later, on 4 August 1306, King Wenceslaus III was murdered in Olomouc under mysterious circumstances, leaving Viola as a fifteen-year-old widow. Maybe because of their youth, the union failed to produce an heir.

With little money and nowhere to go, Viola probably stayed with her sisters-in-law, Anna and Elisabeth in one of the nunneries. Both princesses were fighting for the throne of Bohemia, but Viola stayed away. Later, she mainly resided in Moravia, where she had her dowry towns.

Second Marriage. Death

After the arrest of Henry of Lipá, the now Queen Elisabeth of Bohemia and her husband John of Luxembourg tried to gain to their side the powerful nobleman Peter I of Rosenberg (Petr I. z Rožmberka), who at that time was engaged with Henry of Lipá's daughter. Soon Peter I of Rosenberg cancelled his betrothal and entered in an alliance with the Bohemian King and Queen; in order to reinforce his bonds with his new ally, King John gave him the hand of the Dowager Queen Viola. The marriage took place in 1316 but was childless and short-lived: Viola died only one year after, on 21 September 1317, and was buried in the vault of the House of Rosenberg in the Vyšší Brod Monastery.

Viola of Teschen
Born: ca. 1291 Died: 21 September 1317
Royal titles
Preceded by
Queen consort of Hungary
1305
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Queen consort of Bohemia
1305–1306
Succeeded by
Queen consort of Poland
1305–1306
Succeeded by

Viola of Teschen
Viola of Teschen Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Viola Elisabeth of Cieszyn Not to be confused with Elisabeth of Cieszyn Viola of Teschen later known as Elizabeth Polish Wiola Elzbieta cieszynska Czech Viola Alzbeta Tesinska ca 1291 21 September 1317 was Queen of Bohemia and Poland by marriage to Wenceslaus III of Bohemia Viola of TeschenQueen consort of Bohemia and PolandTenure1305 1306Bornca 1291Died21 September 1317 aged 26 BohemiaBurialVyssi Brod MonasterySpouseWenceslaus III of Bohemia Peter I of RosenbergHousePiastFatherMieszko I Duke of Cieszyn She was daughter of Mieszko I Duke of Cieszyn by his unknown wife She was named after her paternal great grandmother Viola wife of Duke Casimir I of Opole Contents 1 Life 1 1 Queen of Bohemia and Poland 1 2 Second Marriage Death 2 Notes 3 ReferencesLife EditQueen of Bohemia and Poland Edit Viola married with young King Wenceslaus III of Bohemia and Poland on 5 October 1305 in Brno The reasons for marriage are not too obvious although later chroniclers describe how beautiful Viola was her father Duke Mieszko I was only one of the vassals of King Wenceslaus III and in consequence this was an unequal union The main reason wasn t her beauty but maybe the strategic position of Cieszyn between the Kingdoms of Bohemia and Poland Four days after the wedding 9 October Wenceslaus III annulled his long time engagement to Elizabeth daughter of King Andrew III of Hungary and with this renounced to all his claims over the Hungarian crown 1 After her marriage Viola took the name Elizabeth but her union with the King wasn t completely happy because her husband s free lifestyle and the strong opposition of the Bohemian nobility who had to prevent this lower union Ten months later on 4 August 1306 King Wenceslaus III was murdered in Olomouc under mysterious circumstances leaving Viola as a fifteen year old widow Maybe because of their youth the union failed to produce an heir With little money and nowhere to go Viola probably stayed with her sisters in law Anna and Elisabeth in one of the nunneries Both princesses were fighting for the throne of Bohemia but Viola stayed away Later she mainly resided in Moravia where she had her dowry towns Second Marriage Death Edit After the arrest of Henry of Lipa the now Queen Elisabeth of Bohemia and her husband John of Luxembourg tried to gain to their side the powerful nobleman Peter I of Rosenberg Petr I z Rozmberka who at that time was engaged with Henry of Lipa s daughter Soon Peter I of Rosenberg cancelled his betrothal and entered in an alliance with the Bohemian King and Queen in order to reinforce his bonds with his new ally King John gave him the hand of the Dowager Queen Viola The marriage took place in 1316 but was childless and short lived Viola died only one year after on 21 September 1317 and was buried in the vault of the House of Rosenberg in the Vyssi Brod Monastery Notes Edit Charles Chawleys Medieval Lands BOHEMIAReferences EditJozef Golec Stefania Bojda Slownik biograficzny ziemi cieszynskiej vol 1 Cieszyn 1993 p 91 Kazimierz Jasinski Rodowod Piastow slaskich vol 3 Wroclaw 1977 Idzi Panic Poczet Piastow i Piastowien cieszynskich Cieszyn s a p 8 Viola of TeschenPiast DynastyBorn ca 1291 Died 21 September 1317Royal titlesPreceded by Agnes of Austria Queen consort of Hungary 1305 Succeeded by Maria of BytomPreceded by Elisabeth Richeza of Poland Queen consort of Bohemia 1305 1306 Succeeded by Anna of BohemiaQueen consort of Poland 1305 1306 Succeeded by Jadwiga of Kalisz Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Viola of Teschen amp oldid 982237979, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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