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Violet Oakley

Violet Oakley (June 10, 1874 – February 25, 1961) was an American artist. She was the first American woman to receive a public mural commission. During the first quarter of the twentieth century, she was renowned as a pathbreaker in mural decoration, a field that had been exclusively practiced by men. Oakley excelled at murals and stained glass designs that addressed themes from history and literature in Renaissance-revival styles.

Violet Oakley
Born(1874-06-10)June 10, 1874
Bergen Heights, New Jersey, U.S.
DiedFebruary 25, 1961(1961-02-25) (aged 86)
Resting placeGreen-Wood Cemetery
Known forPainting, murals, stained glass
Notable work
Pennsylvania State Capital murals
MovementPre-Raphaelite influence

Contents

Oakley was born in Bergen Heights (a section of Jersey City), New Jersey, into a family of artists. Her parents were Arthur Edmund Oakley and Cornelia Swain. Both of her grandfathers were member of the National Academy of Design. In 1892, she studied at the Art Students League of New York with James Carroll Beckwith and Irving R. Wiles. A year later, she studied in England and France, under Raphaël Collin and others. After her return to the United States in 1896, she studied briefly at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts before she joined Howard Pyle's famous illustration class at Drexel Institute. She had early success as a popular illustrator for magazines including The Century Magazine, Collier's Weekly, St. Nicholas Magazine, and Woman's Home Companion. The style of her illustrations and stained glass reflects her emulation of the English Pre-Raphaelites. Oakley's commitment to Victorian aesthetics during the advent of Modernism led to the decline of her reputation by the middle of the twentieth century.

Violet Oakley (June 10, 1874 – February 25, 1961) Penn meets the Quaker, public mural from the Capitol building in Harrisburg

Oakley's political beliefs were shaped by the Quaker William Penn (1644–1718) whose ideals she represented in her murals at the Pennsylvania State Capitol. She became committed to the Quaker principles of pacifism, equality of the races and sexes, economic and social justice, and international government. When the United States refused to join the League of Nations after the Great War, Oakley went to Geneva, Switzerland, and spent three years drawing portraits of the League's delegates which she published in her portfolio, "Law Triumphant" (Philadelphia, 1932). She was an early advocate of nuclear disarmament after World War II.

Lithograph by Oakley for The Lotos Library (1896)

Oakley was raised in the Episcopal church but in 1903 became a devoted student of Christian Science after a significant healing of asthma while she was doing preparatory study for the first set of Harrisburg murals in Florence, Italy. She was a member of Second Church of Christ, Scientist, Philadelphia from 1912, when it was organized, until her death in 1961.

She received many honors through her life including an honorary Doctorate of Laws Degree in 1948 from Drexel Institute. At the 1904 Saint Louis International Exposition, Oakley won the gold medal in illustration for her watercolors for "The Story of Vashti," and the silver medal in mural decoration for her murals at All Angels' Church. In 1905, she became the first woman to receive the Gold Medal of Honor from the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts. In 1915, Oakley was awarded the Medal of Honor in the painting category at the 1915 Panama–Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco for her 1912 portrait of Philadelphia poet Florence Van Leer Earle Coates as "The Tragic Muse".

Violet Oakley, Jessie Willcox Smith, Elizabeth Shippen Green, and Henrietta Couzens
The Red Rose by Violet Oakley

Around 1897, Oakley and her sister Hester rented a studio space at 1523 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia in the Love Building. The sisters decorated the space with furniture loaned by their mother and a combination of antiques, fabric, and copies of Old Master paintings. Oakley and her friends, the artists Elizabeth Shippen Green and Jessie Willcox Smith, all former students of Pyle, were named the Red Rose Girls by him. The three illustrators received the "Red Rose Girls" nickname while they lived together in the Red Rose Inn in Villanova, Pennsylvania from 1899 to 1901. They later lived, along with Henrietta Cozens, in a home in the Mt. Airy neighborhood of Philadelphia that they named Cogslea after their four surnames (Cozens, Oakley, Green and Smith). In 1996, Oakley was elected to the Society of Illustrators Hall of Fame, the last of the 'Red Rose Girls' to be inducted, but one of only ten women in the hall. Cogslea was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1977 as the Violet Oakley Studio. Her home and studio at Yonkers, New York, where she resided intermittently between 1912 and 1915 is also listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Plashbourne Estate.

Oakley was a member of Philadelphia's The Plastic Club, an organization established to promote "Art for art's sake". Other members included Elenore Abbott, Jessie Willcox Smith, and Elizabeth Shippen Green. Many of the women who founded the organization had been students of Howard Pyle. It was founded to provide a means to encourage one another professionally and create opportunities to sell their works of art.

On June 14, 2014, Miss Oakley was featured in the first gay-themed tour of Green-Wood Cemetery, where she is interred in the Oakley family plot, Section 63, Lot 14788. Her life partner, Edith Emerson, was a painter and, at one time, a student of Oakley's. In 1916, Emerson moved into Oakley's Mount Airy home, Cogslea, where Oakley had formed a communal household with three other women artists, calling themselves the Red Rose Girls. Emerson and Oakley's relationship endured until Oakley's death and Emerson subsequently established a foundation to memorialize Oakley's life and legacy. The foundation dissolved in 1988 and the assets donated to the Smithsonian Museum.

Red Rose Inn

As educational opportunities were made more available in the 19th century, women artists became part of professional enterprises, including founding their own art associations. Artwork made by women was considered to be inferior, and to help overcome that stereotype women became "increasingly vocal and confident" in promoting women's work, and thus became part of the emerging image of the educated, modern and freer "New Woman". Artists "played crucial roles in representing the New Woman, both by drawing images of the icon and exemplifying this emerging type through their own lives." In the late 19th-century and early 20th century about 88% of the subscribers of 11,000 magazines and periodicals were women. As women entered the artist community, publishers hired women to create illustrations that depict the world through a woman's perspective. Other successful illustrators were Jennie Augusta Brownscombe, Jessie Wilcox Smith, Rose O'Neill, and Elizabeth Shippen Green.

Her teacher Howard Pyle recommended Oakley and fellow artist Jessie Wilcox Smith for their first important commission, a series of illustrations for Longfellow’s Evangeline, that was published in 1897, numerous commissions followed.

Oakley painted a series of 43 murals in the Pennsylvania State Capitol Building in Harrisburg for the Governors Grand Reception Room, the Senate and the Supreme Court. Oakley was originally commissioned in 1902 only for the murals in the Governor's Grand Reception Room, which she titled "The Founding of the State of Liberty Spiritual." In the reception room murals, Oakley depicts the story of William Penn and the founding of Pennsylvania. She conducted extensive research on the subject, even traveling to England. The series of murals were unveiled in the new Capitol Building in November 1906, shortly after the dedication of the building. When Edwin Austin Abbey died in 1911, Violet Oakley was offered the job of creating the murals for the Senate and Supreme Court Chambers, a 16-year project.

Oakley's other work includes:

  • Two murals and stained glass work for All Angels Church, New York City, her first commission, 1900
  • Murals for the Cuyahoga County Courthouse, Cleveland, Ohio, her only major mural commission outside Pennsylvania
  • Panel for the living room of the Alumnae House at Vassar College
  • Eighteen mural panels on The Building of the House of Wisdom and stained glass dome for the Charlton Yarnell House, 1910, at 17th and Locust Street in Philadelphia (three lunettes, The Child and Tradition,Youth and the Arts, and Man and Science were removed and in collection of Woodmere Art Museum).
  • Great Women of the Bible murals, First Presbyterian Church in Germantown, 1945–1949
  • Three murals, David and Goliath, Christ Among the Doctors, and The Young Solomon appear in the library at Springside Chestnut Hill Academy
  • The Holy Experiment: A message to the World from Pennsylvania, published by the author in a limited edition of 1000, an Elephant Folio with 26 lithographic plates of the artist's mural work at the Senate Chambers, with text by the artist/author.
  • Life of Moses, commissioned by Samuel S. Fleisher in 1927, remains today as the altar piece for the Sanctuary of the Fleisher Art Memorial on Catharine Street in Philadelphia. It is dedicated to Fleisher's mother, Cecilia [sic] Hofheimer Fleisher and inscribed from Exodus 2: 'And the child grew and he became her song...' Oakley created the work while on sojourn in Italy, staying at a villa outside Florence.
  • Lehigh University Professor Francis Quirk organized an exhibit of her work that opened with a reception for 500 people in 1950.
  • Violet Oakley's first major retrospective was organized by the Philadelphia Museum of Art in 1979.
  • The Woodmere Art Museum staged a major exhibit of Oakley's work from September 2017 to January 2018. In January 2020 the museum launched The Violet Oakley Experience, a digital resource that organizes and presents over 3,000 works of art by Violet Oakley in Woodmere's collection.
  1. "Violet Oakley papers".
  2. "Violet Oakley (1875–1961), Pennsylvania Capitol Preservation Committee".
  3. Oakley, Violet (December 10, 1960). "Many years have passed since I..." The Christian Science Sentinel. 62 (50). RetrievedMarch 7, 2015.
  4. Carter, Alice A. (2000). The Red Rose Girls: An Uncommon Story of Art and Love. New York: Harry N. Abrams. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-8109-4437-4.
  5. Stryker, Catherine Connell (1976). The Studios at Cogslea. Wilmington: Delaware Art Museum. p. 30.
  6. Williams, Michael (1915). A Brief Guide to the Department of Fine Arts Panama-Pacific International Exposition San Francisco, California, 1915. San Francisco: The Wahlgreen Company. p. 64.
  7. Carter, Alice A. (2000). The Red Rose Girls: An Uncommon Story of Art and Love. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., Publishers. pp. 46–47.
  8. Joeckel, Jeff (March 1, 2007). "Violet Oakley Studio - Women's History Month 2008--A National Register of Historic Places Feature". www.nps.gov.
  9. Phillip Seven Esser and Paul Graziano (August 2006). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Plashbourne Estate". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. RetrievedJanuary 1, 2011.
  10. Jill P. May; Robert E. May; Howard Pyle. Howard Pyle: Imagining an American School of Art. University of Illinois Press; 2011. ISBN 978-0-252-03626-2. p. 89.
  11. The Plastic Club. The Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Retrieved March 4, 2014.
  12. "Gay Green-Wood Trolley Tour". Green-Wood. Green-Wood.
  13. "The Gay Graves Tour". Walk About New York. Walk About New York. June 18, 2014. RetrievedOctober 16, 2014.
  14. "Violet Oakley Memorial Foundation records, 1910-1987, bulk 1961-1987". www.aaa.si.edu.
  15. Laura R. Prieto. At Home in the Studio: The Professionalization of Women Artists in America. Harvard University Press; 2001. ISBN 978-0-674-00486-3. pp. 145–146.
  16. Laura R. Prieto. At Home in the Studio: The Professionalization of Women Artists in America. Harvard University Press; 2001. ISBN 978-0-674-00486-3. p. 160–161.
  17. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. January 23, 2007.
  18. "PHMC Historical Markers". Historical Marker Database. Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission. RetrievedDecember 10, 2013.
  19. Carter (March 2000). The Red Rose Girls, An Uncommon Story of Art and Love. Harry N Abrams. pp. 45. ISBN 0-8109-4437-5.
  20. Ricci, Patricia Likos (2002). "Violet Oakley: American Renaissance Woman". The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography. 126: 217–248.
  21. "The Heavenly Host (composition study for left mural, All Angels Church, New York)". Smithsonian American Art Museum. RetrievedJanuary 9, 2020.
  22. "The Old Courthouse Painting Project". Cuyahoga County Department of Public Works. RetrievedJanuary 30, 2018.
  23. "The Old Courthouse Painting Project - Cuyahoga County Department of Public Works". publicworks.cuyahogacounty.us. RetrievedJanuary 9, 2020.
  24. Mills, Sally (1984). Violet Oakley: The Decoration of the Alumnae House Living Room. Poughkeepsie, NY: Vassar College Art Gallery.
  25. "The Child and Tradition". woodmereartmuseum.org. RetrievedMarch 21, 2017.
  26. "Building And Preserving A "House Of Wisdom" | Hidden City Philadelphia". hiddencityphila.org. RetrievedMarch 21, 2017.
  27. "Man and Science". woodmereartmuseum.org. RetrievedMarch 21, 2017.
  28. Van Hook, Bailey (2016). Violet Oakley: An Artist's Life. Lanham, Maryland: University Press Copublishing Division / University of Delaware Press. p. 373. ISBN 978-1-61149-585-0.
  29. "Chestnut Hill Academy Library | Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia". philadelphiaencyclopedia.org. RetrievedMarch 21, 2017.
  30. Hedley H. Rhys. The Holy Experiment: Our Heritage from William Penn; Series of Mural Paintings in the Governor's Reception Room, in the Senate Chamber, and in the Supreme Courtroom of the State Capitol at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, U. S. A. (review) Bulletin of Friends' Historical Association. Volume 40, Number 1, Spring 1951. pp. 54–55 | 10.1353/qkh.1951.0017
  31. "Oakley Life of Moses"(PDF). Samuel S. Fleisher Art Memorial.
  32. "Brown and White Vol. 61 no. 19". digital.lib.lehigh.edu. RetrievedNovember 20, 2017.
  33. Likos, Patricia (January 1, 1979). "Violet Oakley (1874–1961)". Philadelphia Museum of Art Bulletin. 75 (325): 2–9. doi:10.2307/3795289. JSTOR 3795289.
  • Patricia Likos Ricci (2017) A Grand Vision: Violet Oakley and the American Renaissance, exhibition catalog, Woodmere Art Museum, September 30, 2017 – January 21, 2018.
  • Patricia Likos Ricci: “Violet Oakley, American Renaissance Woman”, The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. cxxvi, No.2 (April 2002).
  • Rowland Elzea and Elizabeth H. Hawkes (1980). A Small School of Art: The Students of Howard Pyle, Wilmington: Delaware Art Museum
  • Violet Oakley (1950). The Holy Experiment, Our Heritage from William Penn: Series of Mural Paintings in the Governor's Reception Room, in the Senate Chamber and in the Supreme Courtroom of the State Capitol at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: Cogslea Studio Publications (limited edition, one thousand copies, hand-numbered by the author)
  • Carter, Alice A. (2000). The Red Rose Girls: An Uncommon Story of Art and Love. New York: H. N. Abrams. ISBN 978-0-8109-4437-4.
  • Sheets, Georg R (2002). A Sacred Challenge; Violet Oakley and the Pennsylvania Capital Murals. Harrisburg: Capitol Preservation Committee. ISBN 0-9643048-6-4.
  • Van Hook, Bailey (2016). Violet Oakley: An Artist's Life. Newark DE: University of Delaware Press. ISBN 978-1611495850.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toViolet Oakley.

Violet Oakley
Violet Oakley Article Talk Language Watch Edit Violet Oakley June 10 1874 February 25 1961 was an American artist She was the first American woman to receive a public mural commission During the first quarter of the twentieth century she was renowned as a pathbreaker in mural decoration a field that had been exclusively practiced by men Oakley excelled at murals and stained glass designs that addressed themes from history and literature in Renaissance revival styles Violet OakleyBorn 1874 06 10 June 10 1874 Bergen Heights New Jersey U S DiedFebruary 25 1961 1961 02 25 aged 86 Philadelphia Pennsylvania U S Resting placeGreen Wood CemeteryKnown forPainting murals stained glassNotable workPennsylvania State Capital muralsMovementPre Raphaelite influence Contents 1 Life 2 New Woman 3 Work 4 Exhibitions 5 Gallery 6 References 7 Sources 8 External linksLife EditOakley was born in Bergen Heights a section of Jersey City New Jersey into a family of artists Her parents were Arthur Edmund Oakley and Cornelia Swain Both of her grandfathers were member of the National Academy of Design 1 In 1892 she studied at the Art Students League of New York with James Carroll Beckwith and Irving R Wiles A year later she studied in England and France under Raphael Collin and others After her return to the United States in 1896 she studied briefly at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts before she joined Howard Pyle s famous illustration class at Drexel Institute She had early success as a popular illustrator for magazines including The Century Magazine Collier s Weekly St Nicholas Magazine and Woman s Home Companion 2 The style of her illustrations and stained glass reflects her emulation of the English Pre Raphaelites Oakley s commitment to Victorian aesthetics during the advent of Modernism led to the decline of her reputation by the middle of the twentieth century Violet Oakley June 10 1874 February 25 1961 Penn meets the Quaker public mural from the Capitol building in Harrisburg Oakley s political beliefs were shaped by the Quaker William Penn 1644 1718 whose ideals she represented in her murals at the Pennsylvania State Capitol She became committed to the Quaker principles of pacifism equality of the races and sexes economic and social justice and international government When the United States refused to join the League of Nations after the Great War Oakley went to Geneva Switzerland and spent three years drawing portraits of the League s delegates which she published in her portfolio Law Triumphant Philadelphia 1932 She was an early advocate of nuclear disarmament after World War II Lithograph by Oakley for The Lotos Library 1896 Oakley was raised in the Episcopal church but in 1903 became a devoted student of Christian Science after a significant healing of asthma while she was doing preparatory study for the first set of Harrisburg murals in Florence Italy 3 She was a member of Second Church of Christ Scientist Philadelphia from 1912 when it was organized until her death in 1961 4 She received many honors through her life including an honorary Doctorate of Laws Degree in 1948 from Drexel Institute 1 At the 1904 Saint Louis International Exposition Oakley won the gold medal in illustration for her watercolors for The Story of Vashti and the silver medal in mural decoration for her murals at All Angels Church 5 In 1905 she became the first woman to receive the Gold Medal of Honor from the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts 2 In 1915 Oakley was awarded the Medal of Honor in the painting category at the 1915 Panama Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco for her 1912 portrait of Philadelphia poet Florence Van Leer Earle Coates as The Tragic Muse 6 Violet Oakley Jessie Willcox Smith Elizabeth Shippen Green and Henrietta Couzens The Red Rose by Violet Oakley Around 1897 Oakley and her sister Hester rented a studio space at 1523 Chestnut Street Philadelphia in the Love Building 4 The sisters decorated the space with furniture loaned by their mother and a combination of antiques fabric and copies of Old Master paintings 7 Oakley and her friends the artists Elizabeth Shippen Green and Jessie Willcox Smith all former students of Pyle were named the Red Rose Girls by him The three illustrators received the Red Rose Girls nickname while they lived together in the Red Rose Inn in Villanova Pennsylvania from 1899 to 1901 They later lived along with Henrietta Cozens in a home in the Mt Airy neighborhood of Philadelphia that they named Cogslea after their four surnames Cozens Oakley Green and Smith In 1996 Oakley was elected to the Society of Illustrators Hall of Fame the last of the Red Rose Girls to be inducted but one of only ten women in the hall Cogslea was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1977 as the Violet Oakley Studio 8 Her home and studio at Yonkers New York where she resided intermittently between 1912 and 1915 is also listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Plashbourne Estate 9 Oakley was a member of Philadelphia s The Plastic Club an organization established to promote Art for art s sake Other members included Elenore Abbott Jessie Willcox Smith and Elizabeth Shippen Green 10 Many of the women who founded the organization had been students of Howard Pyle It was founded to provide a means to encourage one another professionally and create opportunities to sell their works of art 10 11 On June 14 2014 Miss Oakley was featured in the first gay themed tour of Green Wood Cemetery where she is interred in the Oakley family plot Section 63 Lot 14788 12 13 Her life partner Edith Emerson was a painter and at one time a student of Oakley s In 1916 Emerson moved into Oakley s Mount Airy home Cogslea where Oakley had formed a communal household with three other women artists calling themselves the Red Rose Girls Emerson and Oakley s relationship endured until Oakley s death and Emerson subsequently established a foundation to memorialize Oakley s life and legacy The foundation dissolved in 1988 and the assets donated to the Smithsonian Museum 14 Red Rose InnNew Woman EditAs educational opportunities were made more available in the 19th century women artists became part of professional enterprises including founding their own art associations Artwork made by women was considered to be inferior and to help overcome that stereotype women became increasingly vocal and confident in promoting women s work and thus became part of the emerging image of the educated modern and freer New Woman 15 Artists played crucial roles in representing the New Woman both by drawing images of the icon and exemplifying this emerging type through their own lives In the late 19th century and early 20th century about 88 of the subscribers of 11 000 magazines and periodicals were women As women entered the artist community publishers hired women to create illustrations that depict the world through a woman s perspective Other successful illustrators were Jennie Augusta Brownscombe Jessie Wilcox Smith Rose O Neill and Elizabeth Shippen Green 16 Work EditViolet Oakley StudioU S National Register of Historic PlacesPennsylvania state historical marker Location627 St George s Rd Philadelphia PennsylvaniaCoordinates40 3 8 N 75 12 20 W 40 05222 N 75 20556 W 40 05222 75 20556 Coordinates 40 3 8 N 75 12 20 W 40 05222 N 75 20556 W 40 05222 75 20556Built1902 05ArchitectDay amp KlauderNRHP reference No 77001188 17 Significant datesAdded to NRHPSeptember 13 1977Designated PHMCOctober 20 1998 18 Her teacher Howard Pyle recommended Oakley and fellow artist Jessie Wilcox Smith for their first important commission a series of illustrations for Longfellow s Evangeline that was published in 1897 numerous commissions followed 19 Oakley painted a series of 43 murals in the Pennsylvania State Capitol Building in Harrisburg for the Governors Grand Reception Room the Senate and the Supreme Court Oakley was originally commissioned in 1902 only for the murals in the Governor s Grand Reception Room which she titled The Founding of the State of Liberty Spiritual In the reception room murals Oakley depicts the story of William Penn and the founding of Pennsylvania She conducted extensive research on the subject even traveling to England The series of murals were unveiled in the new Capitol Building in November 1906 shortly after the dedication of the building When Edwin Austin Abbey died in 1911 Violet Oakley was offered the job of creating the murals for the Senate and Supreme Court Chambers a 16 year project 20 Oakley s other work includes Two murals and stained glass work for All Angels Church New York City her first commission 1900 21 Murals for the Cuyahoga County Courthouse Cleveland Ohio 22 her only major mural commission outside Pennsylvania 23 Panel for the living room of the Alumnae House at Vassar College 24 Eighteen mural panels on The Building of the House of Wisdom and stained glass dome for the Charlton Yarnell House 1910 at 17th and Locust Street in Philadelphia three lunettes The Child and Tradition 25 Youth and the Arts 26 and Man and Science 27 were removed and in collection of Woodmere Art Museum Great Women of the Bible murals First Presbyterian Church in Germantown 1945 1949 28 Three murals David and Goliath Christ Among the Doctors and The Young Solomon appear in the library at Springside Chestnut Hill Academy 29 The Holy Experiment A message to the World from Pennsylvania published by the author in a limited edition of 1000 an Elephant Folio with 26 lithographic plates of the artist s mural work at the Senate Chambers with text by the artist author 30 Life of Moses commissioned by Samuel S Fleisher in 1927 remains today as the altar piece for the Sanctuary of the Fleisher Art Memorial on Catharine Street in Philadelphia It is dedicated to Fleisher s mother Cecilia sic Hofheimer Fleisher and inscribed from Exodus 2 And the child grew and he became her song Oakley created the work while on sojourn in Italy staying at a villa outside Florence 31 Exhibitions EditLehigh University Professor Francis Quirk organized an exhibit of her work that opened with a reception for 500 people in 1950 32 Violet Oakley s first major retrospective was organized by the Philadelphia Museum of Art in 1979 33 The Woodmere Art Museum staged a major exhibit of Oakley s work from September 2017 to January 2018 In January 2020 the museum launched The Violet Oakley Experience a digital resource that organizes and presents over 3 000 works of art by Violet Oakley in Woodmere s collection Gallery Edit Senate mural Pennsylvania State Capitol Supreme Court mural Pennsylvania State Capitol Supreme Court mural Pennsylvania State Capitol Divine Law mural in the Pennsylvania Supreme Court s chamber References Edit a b Violet Oakley papers a b Violet Oakley 1875 1961 Pennsylvania Capitol Preservation Committee Oakley Violet December 10 1960 Many years have passed since I The Christian Science Sentinel 62 50 Retrieved March 7 2015 a b Carter Alice A 2000 The Red Rose Girls An Uncommon Story of Art and Love New York Harry N Abrams p 35 ISBN 978 0 8109 4437 4 Stryker Catherine Connell 1976 The Studios at Cogslea Wilmington Delaware Art Museum p 30 Williams Michael 1915 A Brief Guide to the Department of Fine Arts Panama Pacific International Exposition San Francisco California 1915 San Francisco The Wahlgreen Company p 64 Carter Alice A 2000 The Red Rose Girls An Uncommon Story of Art and Love New York Harry N Abrams Inc Publishers pp 46 47 Joeckel Jeff March 1 2007 Violet Oakley Studio Women s History Month 2008 A National Register of Historic Places Feature www nps gov Phillip Seven Esser and Paul Graziano August 2006 National Register of Historic Places Registration Plashbourne Estate New York State Office of Parks Recreation and Historic Preservation Retrieved January 1 2011 a b Jill P May Robert E May Howard Pyle Howard Pyle Imagining an American School of Art University of Illinois Press 2011 ISBN 978 0 252 03626 2 p 89 The Plastic Club The Historical Society of Pennsylvania Retrieved March 4 2014 Gay Green Wood Trolley Tour Green Wood Green Wood The Gay Graves Tour Walk About New York Walk About New York June 18 2014 Retrieved October 16 2014 Violet Oakley Memorial Foundation records 1910 1987 bulk 1961 1987 www aaa si edu Laura R Prieto At Home in the Studio The Professionalization of Women Artists in America Harvard University Press 2001 ISBN 978 0 674 00486 3 pp 145 146 Laura R Prieto At Home in the Studio The Professionalization of Women Artists in America Harvard University Press 2001 ISBN 978 0 674 00486 3 p 160 161 National Register Information System National Register of Historic Places National Park Service January 23 2007 PHMC Historical Markers Historical Marker Database Pennsylvania Historical amp Museum Commission Retrieved December 10 2013 Carter March 2000 The Red Rose Girls An Uncommon Story of Art and Love Harry N Abrams pp 45 ISBN 0 8109 4437 5 Ricci Patricia Likos 2002 Violet Oakley American Renaissance Woman The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 126 217 248 The Heavenly Host composition study for left mural All Angels Church New York Smithsonian American Art Museum Retrieved January 9 2020 The Old Courthouse Painting Project Cuyahoga County Department of Public Works Retrieved January 30 2018 The Old Courthouse Painting Project Cuyahoga County Department of Public Works publicworks cuyahogacounty us Retrieved January 9 2020 Mills Sally 1984 Violet Oakley The Decoration of the Alumnae House Living Room Poughkeepsie NY Vassar College Art Gallery The Child and Tradition woodmereartmuseum org Retrieved March 21 2017 Building And Preserving A House Of Wisdom Hidden City Philadelphia hiddencityphila org Retrieved March 21 2017 Man and Science woodmereartmuseum org Retrieved March 21 2017 Van Hook Bailey 2016 Violet Oakley An Artist s Life Lanham Maryland University Press Copublishing Division University of Delaware Press p 373 ISBN 978 1 61149 585 0 Chestnut Hill Academy Library Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia philadelphiaencyclopedia org Retrieved March 21 2017 Hedley H Rhys The Holy Experiment Our Heritage from William Penn Series of Mural Paintings in the Governor s Reception Room in the Senate Chamber and in the Supreme Courtroom of the State Capitol at Harrisburg Pennsylvania U S A review Bulletin of Friends Historical Association Volume 40 Number 1 Spring 1951 pp 54 55 10 1353 qkh 1951 0017 Oakley Life of Moses PDF Samuel S Fleisher Art Memorial Brown and White Vol 61 no 19 digital lib lehigh edu Retrieved November 20 2017 Likos Patricia January 1 1979 Violet Oakley 1874 1961 Philadelphia Museum of Art Bulletin 75 325 2 9 doi 10 2307 3795289 JSTOR 3795289 Sources EditPatricia Likos Ricci 2017 A Grand Vision Violet Oakley and the American Renaissance exhibition catalog Woodmere Art Museum September 30 2017 January 21 2018 Patricia Likos Ricci Violet Oakley American Renaissance Woman The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography Vol cxxvi No 2 April 2002 Rowland Elzea and Elizabeth H Hawkes 1980 A Small School of Art The Students of Howard Pyle Wilmington Delaware Art Museum Violet Oakley 1950 The Holy Experiment Our Heritage from William Penn Series of Mural Paintings in the Governor s Reception Room in the Senate Chamber and in the Supreme Courtroom of the State Capitol at Harrisburg Pennsylvania Philadelphia Cogslea Studio Publications limited edition one thousand copies hand numbered by the author Carter Alice A 2000 The Red Rose Girls An Uncommon Story of Art and Love New York H N Abrams ISBN 978 0 8109 4437 4 Sheets Georg R 2002 A Sacred Challenge Violet Oakley and the Pennsylvania Capital Murals Harrisburg Capitol Preservation Committee ISBN 0 9643048 6 4 Van Hook Bailey 2016 Violet Oakley An Artist s Life Newark DE University of Delaware Press ISBN 978 1611495850 External links Edit Biography portal Wikimedia Commons has media related to Violet Oakley Cogslea Historic Marker Pennsylvania Capitol Preservation Committee s Violet Oakley Biography Artwork by the Red Rose Girls in Bryn Mawr College Art and Artifact Collections Finding Aid to Violet Oakley papers 1841 1981 at Smithsonian Archives of American Art Violet Oakley Memorial Foundation records 1910 1987 bulk 1961 1987 Archives of American Art Prints Drawings and Photographs Department Records 1976 2000 Philadelphia Museum of Art Violet Oakley Papers Delaware Art Museum Works by or about Violet Oakley at Internet Archive Violet Oakley at Find a Grave Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Violet Oakley amp oldid 1048698843, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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