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Vesak

This article is about a Buddhist festival. For the unrelated Hindu and Sikh new year festival, see Vaisakhi. For the Buddha's disciple, see Visakha.

Vesak (Pali: Vesākha, Sanskrit:Vaiśākha, සිංහල: වෙසක්), also known as Buddha Jayanti, Buddha Purnima and Buddha Day, is a holiday traditionally observed by Buddhists and Hindus in South Asia and Southeast Asia as well as Tibet and Mongolia. The festival commemorates the birth, enlightenment (Nibbāna), and death (Parinirvāna) of Gautama Buddha in Theravada Tibetan Buddhism and Navayana.

Vesak
Vesak Day celebrations at Borobodur in Java, Indonesia, Southeast Asia
Official nameVesak, Vesākha, Buddha Jayanti, Buddha Purnima, Vaishakh Purnima, Saka Dawa
Also calledBuddha's Birthday or Buddha Day
Observed byBuddhists and some Hindus mainly in South Asia, Southeast Asia and East Asia
TypeReligious
SignificanceThe birth, enlightenment and death (parinibbāna) of Gautama Buddha
ObservancesMeditation, observing the Eight Precepts, partaking of vegetarian food, giving to charity, "bathing" the Buddha
DateFull moon of the lunar month of Vesākha, usually in April, May or June.
2020 date6 May
7 May (Sri Lanka)
2021 date19 May (China)
26 May (India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Myanmar, Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei, and Singapore)
2022 date8 May (China)
15 May
FrequencyAnnual
Related toBuddha's Birthday
Other related festivals
Laba Festival (in China)
Rohatsu (in Japan)

The name Vesak is derived from the Pali term vesākha or Sanskrit vaiśākha for the lunar month of Vaisakha, which is considered the month of Buddha's birth. In Mahayana Buddhist traditions, the holiday is known by its Sanskrit name (Vaiśākha) and derived variants of it.

In the East Asian tradition, a celebration of Buddha's Birthday typically occurs around the traditional timing of Vesak, while the Buddha's awakening and passing away are celebrated as separate holidays that occur at other times in the calendar as Bodhi Day and Nibbāna Day. In the South Asian tradition, where Vesak is celebrated on the full moon day of the Vaisakha month, the Vesak day marks the birth, enlightenment and the ultimate passing away of the Buddha.

Contents

Queen Maya holds onto a branch of a tree while giving birth to the Buddha, who is received by Śakra as other gods look on.

Although Buddhist festivals have centuries-old tradition, the first conference of the World Fellowship of Buddhists held in Sri Lanka in 1950 formalized the decision to celebrate Vesak as the Buddha's birthday across multiple Buddhist countries. The resolution that was adopted at the World Conference reads as follows:

That this Conference of the World Fellowship of Buddhists, while recording its appreciation of the gracious act of His Majesty, the Maharaja of Nepal in making the full-moon day of Vesak a Public Holiday in Nepal, earnestly requests the Heads of Governments of all countries in which large or small number of Buddhists are to be found, to take steps to make the full-moon day in the month of May a Public Holiday in honour of the Buddha, who is universally acclaimed as one of the greatest benefactors of Humanity.

On Vesak Day, Buddhists all over the world commemorate events of significance to Buddhists of all traditions: The birth, enlightenment and the passing away of Gautama Buddha. As Buddhism spread from India it was assimilated into many foreign cultures, and consequently Vesak is celebrated in many different ways all over the world. In India, Vaishakh Purnima day is also known as Buddha Jayanti day and has been traditionally accepted as Buddha's birth day.

In 2000, the United Nations (UN) resolved to internationally observe the day of Vesak at its headquarters and offices.

The month of May usually has one full moon, but as there are 81.5 days between full moons, occasionally there are two. If there are two full moons during the month of May, some countries (including Sri Lanka, Cambodia and Malaysia) celebrate Vesak on the first full moon, while others (Thailand, Singapore) celebrate the holiday on the second full moon because of an obsessive desire to be different. The difference also manifests in the observance of other Buddhist holidays, which are traditionally observed at the local full moon.

On Vesak, devout Buddhists and followers alike assemble in their various temples before dawn for the ceremonial and honorable hoisting of the Buddhist flag and the singing of hymns in praise of the holy triple gem: The Buddha, The Dharma (his teachings), and The Sangha (his disciples). Devotees may bring simple offerings of flowers, candles and joss-sticks to lay at the feet of their teacher. These symbolic offerings are to remind followers that just as the beautiful flowers would wither away after a short while, and the candles and joss-sticks would soon burn out, so too is life subject to decay and destruction. Devotees are enjoined to make a special effort to refrain from killing of any kind. They are encouraged to partake only of vegetarian food for the day. In some countries, notably Sri Lanka, two days are set aside for the celebration of Vesak, and all liquor shops and slaughter houses are closed by government decree during the two days.

Also birds, insects and animals are released by the thousands in what is known as a 'symbolic act of liberation' of giving freedom to those who are in captivity, imprisoned, or tortured against their will. (The practice, however, is banned in some countries such as Singapore, as the released animals are unable to survive long-term or may adversely impact the local ecosystem if they do.)

Some devout Buddhists will wear simple white clothing and spend the whole day in temples with renewed determination to observe the eight precepts.

Young novice monk on Vesak Day Parade

Devout Buddhists undertake to lead a noble life according to the teaching by making daily affirmations to observe the Five Precepts. However, on special days, notably new moon and full moon days, they observe the eight precepts to train themselves to practice morality, simplicity, and humility.

Some temples also display a small statue of the Buddha in front of the altar in a small basin decorated with flowers, and filled with water or sweet tea for devotees to pour over the statue. This is symbolic of the cleansing of a practitioner's bad karma, and to reenact the events following the Buddha's birth, when devas and spirits made heavenly offerings to him.

Devotees are expected to listen to talks given by monks. On this day, monks will recite verses uttered by the Buddha twenty-five centuries ago to invoke peace and happiness for the government and the people. Buddhists are reminded to live in harmony with people of other faiths and to respect the beliefs of other people as the Buddha taught.

Bringing happiness to others

Video Korean Buddhist monks perform ritual dances and music on Buddha's Birthday.

Celebrating Vesak also means making special efforts to bring happiness to the unfortunate like the aged, the handicapped, and the sick. To this day, Buddhists will distribute gifts in the form of cash, or volunteering in various charitable homes throughout the country. Vesak is also a time for great joy and happiness, expressed not by pandering to one's appetites, but by concentrating on useful activities such as decorating and illuminating temples, or painting and creating exquisite scenes from the life of the Buddha for public dissemination. Devout Buddhists also vie with one another to provide refreshments and vegetarian food to followers who visit the temple to pay homage to the Enlightened One.[citation needed]

Paying homage to the Buddha

According to tradition the Buddha instructed followers how to pay him homage. Just before he died, he saw his faithful attendant Ananda, weeping. The Buddha advised him not to weep, instead to understand the universal law that all compounded things (including even his own body) must disintegrate. He advised everyone not to cry over the disintegration of the physical body but to regard his teachings (The Dharma) as their teacher from then on, because only the truth of the Dhamma is eternal, and not subject to the law of change. He also stressed that the way to pay homage to him was not merely by offering flowers, incense, and lights, but by truly and sincerely striving to follow his teachings.

Dates of observance

The exact date of Vesak is based on Asian lunisolar calendars and is primarily celebrated in Vaisakha, a month of both the Buddhist and Hindu calendars, hence the name Vesak. In Nepal, which is considered the birth-country of Buddha, it is celebrated on the full moon day of the Vaisakha month of the Hindu calendar, and is traditionally called Buddha Purnima, Purnima meaning the full moon day in Sanskrit. In Theravada countries following the Buddhist calendar, it falls on Uposatha Day, the full moon typically in the 5th or 6th lunar month.

Nowadays, in Sri Lanka, Nepal, India, Bangladesh and Malaysia, Vesak/Buddha Purnima is celebrated on the day of the first full moon in May in the Gregorian calendar.

For countries using the lunisolar calendar, the date for Vesak or Buddha's Birthday varies from year to year in the Gregorian calendar, but usually falls in April or May; in leap years it may be celebrated in June. In Bhutan it is celebrated on the 15th day of the fourth month of the Bhutanese lunar calendar. In Thailand, Laos, Singapore and Indonesia, Vesak is celebrated on the fourteenth or fifteenth day of the fourth month in the Chinese lunar calendar. In China, Korea and Vietnam, Buddha's Birthday is celebrated on the eighth day of the fourth month in the Chinese lunar calendar. In Japan, Buddha's Birthday is observed on the same date but in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. 8 April.

In the following table, year 2021 date as per the Buddhist calendar

Year
(CE)
Thailand Singapore Laos Myanmar Sri Lanka Cambodia Indonesia Nepal, Bangladesh &
India
China Malaysia Vietnam Bhutan
2021 26 May 26 May 2565 26 May 2565 26 May 19 May 26 May
Vesak is celebrated in Jetavana, India, 2011

In Southeast Asia

In Laos

The Vixakha Bouxa festival is the Lao version of the Thai Visakha Puja, which it closely resembles. It commemorates the birth, enlightenment, and death of the Buddha, which are all said to have happened on the same date. It is held around the month of May or Vesak, based on the lunar calendar. Celebrations include dances, poems, parades, processions, deep meditation, theatrical performances, and puppet shows.

Boun Bang Fay

One part of the Vixakha Bouxa festival is called Boun Bang Fay, or Rocket Festival. As this occurs during the hottest and driest season of the year, large homemade rockets are launched into the sky in an attempt to convince the celestial beings to send down rain. Traditionally, Buddhist monks made the rockets out of hollow bamboo tubes filled with gunpowder (among other things). Nowadays, lay people make the bang fai more like fireworks and hold competitions for the highest, fastest and most colorful rockets. The event takes place on both sides of the Mekhong River border between Thailand and the Lao People's Democratic Republic, and sometimes teams from the neighbouring countries will compete against each other. Tourists travel long distances to witness this now popular event.

In Indonesia

Vesak Day celebration in Borobudur temple, Indonesia

This significant and traditional holy day is observed throughout Indonesia, where it is known as Waisak Day. At Borobudur, thousands of Buddhist monks will join to repeat mantras and meditate as they circuit the temple in a ritual called "Pradaksina". This is a form of tribute to the temple. Monks celebrate the special day by bottling holy water (which symbolises humility) and transporting flames (which symbolize light and enlightenment) from location to location. The monks also take part in the "Pindapata" ritual, where they receive charity from the people of Indonesia. Waisak Day in Indonesia has been celebrated as a national public holiday every year since 1983.

In Malaysia

People thronged to the Maha Vihara Buddhist Temple during the Wesak Day celebration in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Celebrated by Buddhists to mark three momentous events in Buddha's life – his birth, enlightenment, and his departure from the human world, the Wesak celebration in Malaysia begins at dawn when devotees gather at Buddhist temples nationwide to meditate on the Eight Precepts. Donations – giving food to the needy and offerings of incense and joss sticks – and prayers are carried out. The sutras are chanted in unison by monks in saffron robes. The celebration is highlighted by a candle procession. Wesak Day in Malaysia is a national public holiday.

In Myanmar (Burma)

Burmese Buddhist devotees traditionally water Bodhi trees to mark Vesak.
Burmese Buddhist devotees converge on a Bodhi tree in preparation for watering.

In Myanmar (Burma), Vesak is known as the Full Moon Day of Kason (ကဆုန်လပြည့် ဗုဒ္ဓနေ့), which is the second month in the traditional Burmese calendar. The date is a public gazetted holiday. Buddhist devotees typically celebrate by offering alms to Buddhist monks, adhering to a more stringent set of Buddhist precepts, practicing meditation, and freeing fish and birds from captivity.

Throughout the country, the date is also marked by a traditional festival called the Nyaungye-thun or "Bodhi tree water pouring festival" (ညောင်ရေသွန်းပွဲ [my]), whereby devotees visit pagodas or monasteries (kyaung) to pour scented water to sacred Bodhi Trees using clay pots, to ensure the trees, which hold great significance in Buddhism, do not die during the peak of summer.

This tradition dates back to the pre-colonial era and continues to take place at major pagodas such as the Shwekyetyet and Shwekyetkya Pagodas in the former royal capital of Amarapura. A Konbaung era court poet, Letwe Thondara composed a complete set of yadu poems describing this festival in Meza Hill, near Katha, where he had been exiled by King Hsinbyushin.

In Singapore

In Singapore, Vesak Day was made a public holiday in 1955 after many public petitions, replacing Whit Monday. In the early decades of the 20th century, Vesak Day was associated with the Ceylonese community which then celebrated it along with their National Day in a two-day event. After World War II, there was a movement to make Vesak Day a public holiday, with the Singapore Buddhist Association leading the petitions.

In South Asia

In Nepal

Vesak, commonly known in Nepal as "Buddha Jayanti" is widely celebrated all across the country, predominantly, Lumbini – the birthplace of Buddha, and Swayambhu – the holy temple for Buddhists, also known as "the Monkey Temple". The main door of Swayambhu is opened only on this very day, therefore, people from all over Kathmandu valley are stimulated by the event. Thousands of pilgrims from various parts of the world come together to celebrate Buddha's birthday at his birthplace, Lumbini. In Nepal, Buddha is worshipped by all religious groups, therefore "Buddha Jayanti" is marked by a public holiday. People donate foods and clothes to the needy and also provide financial aid to monasteries and schools where Buddhism is taught and practised.

In Sri Lanka

Vesak Thorana in Piliyandala, Sri Lanka

Vesak is celebrated as a religious and a cultural festival in Sri Lanka on the full moon of the lunar month of Vesak (usually in the Gregorian month of May), for about one week, and this festival is often celebrated by people of different religions in Sri Lanka. During this week, the selling of alcohol and fresh meat is usually prohibited, with slaughter houses also being closed. Celebrations include religious and alms-giving activities. Electrically lit pandals called thoranas are erected in locations mainly in Colombo, Kandy, Galle and elsewhere, most sponsored by donors, religious societies and welfare groups. Each pandal illustrates a story from the Jataka tales.

In addition, colorful lanterns called "Vesak kuudu" are hung along streets and in front of homes. They signify the light of the Buddha, Dharma and the Sangha. Food stalls set up by Buddhist devotees called "dansälas" provide free food, ice-cream and drinks to passersby. Groups of people from community organizations, businesses and government departments sing bhakti gee (Buddhist devotional songs). Colombo experiences a massive influx of people from all parts of the country during this week.

In India

In India, the full moon day of the Vaisakha month of the Hindu calendar is celebrated as Buddha Purnima or Vesak. The festival is commonly known as Buddha Purnima, as Purnima means full moon day in Sanskrit and Hindi languages. It is also called Buddha Jayanti, with Jayanti meaning birthday in Sanskrit. The festival is a public holiday in India.

In Bangladesh

Vesak Day is an important festival for all Bengali Buddhists. In Bangladesh, it is celebrated in Chittagong, Dhaka, and other Buddhist regions in the country. In the Bangla language, it is known as Buddho Purnima. It is also a public holiday in Bangladesh.

In East Asia

In Japan

In Japan, Vesak or hanamatsuri (花祭) is also known as Kanbutsue (灌仏会), Goutan'e (降誕会)), Busshoue (仏生会), Yokubutsue (浴仏会), Ryuge'e (龍華会) and Hanaeshiki (花会式). It is not a public holiday. It is based on a legend that nine dragons appeared in the sky on the Buddha's birthday and poured amṛta over him.

It used to be celebrated on the 8th day of the fourth month in the Chinese calendar based on one of the legends that proclaims the day as Buddha's birthday. At present, the celebration is observed on 8 April of the Solar Calendar since the government of Meiji Japan adopted the western solar calendar as the official calendar. Since the 8th day of the fourth month in the lunar calendar commonly falls in May of the current solar calendar, it is now celebrated about a month earlier.

In Japan, Vesak celebrations include pouring 甘茶 (amacha), a sweet tea made from Hydrangea macrophylla, on statues. In Buddhist religious sites such as temples and viharas, more involved ceremonies are conducted for lay Buddhists, priests, and monks and nuns.

In South Korea

Lotus Lantern Festival (연등회, Yeon Deung Hoe) in Seoul, South Korea

In South Korea the birthday of Buddha is celebrated on the 8th day of the 4th month in the Korean lunar calendar (as well as in Hong Kong, Macau, Vietnam) and is an official holiday. This day is called석가탄신일 (Seokga tansinil), meaning "Buddha's birthday" or부처님 오신 날 (Bucheonim osin nal) meaning "the day when the Buddha came". It has now grown into one of the nation's biggest cultural festivals. Lotus lanterns cover the entire temple throughout the month which are often flooded down the street. On the day of Buddha's birth, many temples provide free meals and tea to all visitors. The breakfast and lunch provided are often sanchae bibimbap.

Yeondeunghoe (연등회) is a lantern-lighting festival in Korea celebrating the Buddha's Birthday. It is inscribed in UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage List from 2020 and enlisted as South Korean Intangible Cultural Property from 2012.

In Vietnam

From 1958 to 1975, the birthday of Buddha was a national public holiday in South Vietnam. It was a public festival with floats, and lantern parades on the streets. But there were times under the Catholic President Ngo Dinh Diem that South Vietnamese Buddhists were not allowed to celebrate Vesak. In 1963, dispute between South Vietnamese Government and the Vietnamese Buddhists was one factor contributing to the downfall of Diem. Successive South Vietnamese Governments recognized Vesak as a public holiday and allowed the celebrations to go on.

However, after the Fall of Saigon, the day was no longer a public holiday. Since the 2000s, the festival has witnessed a revival across the country, as the country's communist regime sought to side with Buddhism in fear of accusation of religious persecution by the Christian minority. The Vesak Celebration is officially held by the Vietnamese Buddhist Sangha every year and it aggregated international delegates for great events in 2008, 2014, 2019 (the 16th United Nations Day of Vesak Celebration).

Outside Asia

In Canada

An annual event known as Vesak: Buddha's Birthday is celebrated in Toronto in its three major three Buddhist temples, that represent the three main branches of Buddhism. Held at Mississauga Celebration Square, it features a number of Buddhist-themed events and activities, as well as cultural acts from Asia, including China, Sri Lanka and Vietnam.

In United States

The celebration of Vesak or Buddha's Birthday in the United States differs among different Buddhist communities, depending on their ethnicity and nationality.

In Maui, Hawaii the community is usually invited to celebrate Vesak Day (the birth of Buddha) on the full moon of Vaisakha at Chua Tu Hanh Buddhist Temple in Kahului, where there is guided sitting meditation and dharma talk by a Zen master; which is followed by the bathing ceremony of the baby Buddha and a joyful meal to end the evening. The state of Hawaii has officially recognized April 8 of each year as "Buddha Day", which celebrates the birth of Gautama Buddha.

In the Bay Area of California, the Japanese celebration on April 8 has also been significant for several decades. In 1968 the first circumambulation of Mt. Tamalpais to celebrate Buddha's Birthday was conducted. Starting in 1969 at Tassajara Zen Mountain Center, Hana-Matsuri (花ーまつり - flower festival) was celebrated each spring. Dressed in formal black robes, the roughly 70 monks and students form a formal procession to the Horse Pasture with the leader periodically ringing a small, clear bell. A temporary stone altar was built under a huge oak tree in a gorgeous field of green grass and abundant wildflowers; a small statue of a baby Buddha was placed upon it in a metal basin. Then each person, in turn, approaches the altar, and ladle one thin-lipped bamboo dipperful of sweet green tea over the statue, bow, and walk to one side.

New York celebrates the International Lotus Lantern Parade, an annual event held at Union Square Park. The event celebrates the Buddha's birthday and Yeon Deung Hoe (연등회,燃燈會), a Korean lantern celebration that is held during Vesak. The festival features a number of Buddhist themed events and is started off by numerous Buddhist centers of Japanese, Korean and Sri Lankan origins for example.

On 15 December 1999 the United Nations General Assembly adopted resolution 54/115, entitled 'International recognition of the Day of Vesak at United Nations Headquarters and other United Nations offices'. The proposal to declare Vesak as an international public holiday was tabled at the United Nations General Assembly by Sri Lanka. The resolution internationally recognized the Day of Vesak to acknowledge the contributions that Lord Buddha and Buddhism have made for over two and a half millennia. It also called for annual commemoration of the day at the UN Headquarters, in New York, UNESCO and other UN offices around the world.

International celebrations since 2000 included the first Vesak celebration in the UN (New York) on 15 May 2000. 34 countries were represented. The Day of Vesak is an official holiday for the UN offices in many of the countries in South-East Asia.

International Vesak summit

Thailand has hosted an international Vesak summit 11 times, Vietnam 3 times and Sri Lanka 1 time.

  • 25 May 2004 - 1st Asian Summit - Buddhamonthon, Thailand
  • 18-21 May 2005 - 2nd Asian Summit - Bangkok, Thailand
  • 2006 - 3rd Asian Summit - Thailand
  • 2007 - 4th Asian Summit - Thailand
  • 2008 - 5th Asian Summit - Vietnam
  • 2009 - 6th Asian Summit - Thailand
  • 2010 - 7th Asian Summit - Thailand
  • 2011 - 8th Asian Summit - Thailand
  • 2012 - 9th Asian Summit - Thailand
  • 2013 - 10th Asian Summit - Thailand
  • 2014 - 11th Asian Summit - Vietnam
  • 2015 - 12th Asian Summit - Thailand
  • 2016 - 13th Asian Summit - Thailand
  • 2017 - 14th Asian Summit - Sri Lanka
  • 2018 - 15th Asian Summit - Thailand
  • 2019 - 16th Asian Summit - Vietnam

There are multiple local renditions of the Vesak festival name, varying by local language, including:

  • Assamese:বুদ্ধ পূর্ণিমা Buddho Purnima
  • Bengali:বুদ্ধ পূর্ণিমা Buddho Purnima,বুদ্ধ জয়ন্তী Buddho Joyonti
  • Dzongkha:སྟོན་པའི་དུས་ཆེན་༥ འཛོམས་ Dhüchen Nga Zom
  • Burmese:ကဆုန်လပြည့် ဗုဒ္ဓနေ့ "Full Moon Day of Kason"
  • Mon: တ္ၚဲကျာ်ဗုဒ္ဓ ဗပေၚ်ပသာ် "Buddha Day Full Moon of Pasāk"
  • Chinese:佛陀誕辰紀念日; pinyin: Fótuó dànchén jìniàn rì, (Buddha's Birthday or Birthday of the Gautama Buddha), 佛誕 (Fódàn, Birthday of the Buddha), 浴佛節 (Yùfójié, Occasion of Bathing the Buddha), 衛塞節 (Wèisāi jié Vesak Day), 偉大的衛塞節花節偉大的滿月 (Wěidà de wèi sāi jié huā jié wěidà de mǎnyuè Great Vesak Day Flower Festival Full Moon of Flower Moon)
  • Hindi:बुद्ध पूर्णिमा Buddha Pūrṇimā,बुद्ध जयन्ती Buddha Jayantī,वैशाख पूर्णिमा Vaisākh Pūrṇimā
  • Japanese:花祭り Hanamatsuri (Flower Festival)
  • Khmer:វិសាខបូជា Visak Bochea
  • Kannada:ಬುದ್ಧ ಪೌರ್ಣಮಿ Buddha Pournami
  • Korean:석가 탄신일; Hanja:釋迦誕辰日; RR: Seokka Tanshin-il (Birthday of the Shakyamuni Buddha), Korean:부처님오신날 (Buddha's Day)
  • Lao:ວິສາຂະບູຊາ Vixakha Bouxa
  • Malay:
  • Mongolian:Бурхан Багшийн Их Дүйцэн Өдөрᠭᠰᠸᠹᠺᠳᠭᠠᠨ
    ᠪᠣᠰᠠᠹᠰᠣᠨ
    ᠢᠺᠣᠬ
    ᠰᠰᠴᠪᠰᠡᠨ
    ᠳᠰᠷᠳᠥᠷ
    Burkhan Bagshiin Ikh Düitsen Ödör (Lord Buddha's Great Festival Day)
  • Russian:День рождения Гаутамы Будды Den' rozhdeniya Gautamy Buddy (Birthday of the Gautama Buddha), Russian:День Гаутамы Будды (Den' Gautamy Buddy Gautama Buddha's Day), Russian:Великий День Цветов Весак (Velikiy Den' Tsvetov Vesak Great Vesak Flower Day), Russian:День Весака (Den' Vesaka Vesak Day), Russian:День Будды (Den' Buddy Buddha's Day), Russian:Буддийское рождество (Buddiyskoye rozhdestvo Buddhist Christmas)
  • French: Vesak
  • Marathi:बुद्ध पोर्णिमा Buddha Pornima
  • Newar:स्वांया पुन्हि Swānyā Punhi
  • Nepali:बुद्ध पुर्णिमा Buddha Purnima,बुद्ध जयन्ति Buddha Jayanti
  • Odia:ବୁଦ୍ଧ ପୂର୍ଣ୍ଣିମା Buddha Purnimā
  • Sinhala:වෙසක් Vesak, වෛශාක්‍ය Vaishakya
  • Tamil:விசாகத் திருநாள் Vicākat Tirunāḷ
  • Malayalam:വൈശാഖ പൗർണമി, ബുദ്ധ പൂർണിമ, ബുദ്ധ ജയന്തി
  • Tagalog: Araw ni Buddha (Buddha's Day)
  • Telugu:బుద్ధ పౌర్ణమి Buddha Pournami or alternatively వైశాఖ పౌర్ణమి Vaisakha Pournami
  • Thai:วิสาขบูชา RTGS: Wisakhabucha
  • Tibetan:ས་ག་ཟླ་བ་དུས་ཆེན, Wylie: sa ga zla ba dus chen, THL: Sa Ga Dawa Dü Chen
  • Vietnamese: Phật Đản (Birthday of the Buddha), Vietnamese: Ngày hội hoa phật (Buddha's Lord Flower Festival Day)==See also==
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Vesak
Vesak Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Visakha Puja This article is about a Buddhist festival For the unrelated Hindu and Sikh new year festival see Vaisakhi For the Buddha s disciple see Visakha Vesak Pali Vesakha Sanskrit Vaisakha ස හල ව සක also known as Buddha Jayanti 3 Buddha Purnima 4 and Buddha Day is a holiday traditionally observed by Buddhists and Hindus in South Asia and Southeast Asia as well as Tibet and Mongolia 5 The festival commemorates the birth enlightenment Nibbana and death Parinirvana of Gautama Buddha in Theravada Tibetan Buddhism and Navayana 6 VesakVesak Day celebrations at Borobodur in Java Indonesia Southeast AsiaOfficial nameVesak Vesakha Buddha Jayanti Buddha Purnima Vaishakh Purnima Saka DawaAlso calledBuddha s Birthday or Buddha DayObserved byBuddhists and some Hindus mainly in South Asia Southeast Asia and East AsiaTypeReligiousSignificanceThe birth enlightenment and death parinibbana of Gautama BuddhaObservancesMeditation observing the Eight Precepts partaking of vegetarian food giving to charity bathing the BuddhaDateFull moon of the lunar month of Vesakha usually in April May or June 2020 date6 May 1 7 May Sri Lanka 2 2021 date19 May China 26 May India Sri Lanka Bangladesh Cambodia Thailand Laos Vietnam Myanmar Malaysia Indonesia Brunei and Singapore 2022 date8 May China 15 MayFrequencyAnnualRelated toBuddha s Birthday Other related festivals Laba Festival in China Rohatsu in Japan The name Vesak is derived from the Pali term vesakha or Sanskrit vaisakha for the lunar month of Vaisakha which is considered the month of Buddha s birth 7 In Mahayana Buddhist traditions the holiday is known by its Sanskrit name Vaisakha and derived variants of it In the East Asian tradition a celebration of Buddha s Birthday typically occurs around the traditional timing of Vesak while the Buddha s awakening and passing away are celebrated as separate holidays that occur at other times in the calendar as Bodhi Day and Nibbana Day In the South Asian tradition where Vesak is celebrated on the full moon day of the Vaisakha month the Vesak day marks the birth enlightenment and the ultimate passing away of the Buddha 8 9 10 11 Contents 1 History 2 Celebration 2 1 Bringing happiness to others 2 2 Paying homage to the Buddha 2 3 Dates of observance 2 4 In Southeast Asia 2 4 1 In Laos 2 4 1 1 Boun Bang Fay 2 4 2 In Indonesia 2 4 3 In Malaysia 2 4 4 In Myanmar Burma 2 4 5 In Singapore 2 5 In South Asia 2 5 1 In Nepal 2 5 2 In Sri Lanka 2 5 3 In India 2 5 4 In Bangladesh 2 6 In East Asia 2 6 1 In Japan 2 6 2 In South Korea 2 6 3 In Vietnam 2 7 Outside Asia 2 7 1 In Canada 2 7 2 In United States 3 United Nations 3 1 International Vesak summit 4 Local renditions 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksHistory Edit Queen Maya holds onto a branch of a tree while giving birth to the Buddha who is received by Sakra as other gods look on Although Buddhist festivals have centuries old tradition the first conference of the World Fellowship of Buddhists held in Sri Lanka in 1950 formalized the decision to celebrate Vesak as the Buddha s birthday across multiple Buddhist countries The resolution that was adopted at the World Conference reads as follows That this Conference of the World Fellowship of Buddhists while recording its appreciation of the gracious act of His Majesty the Maharaja of Nepal in making the full moon day of Vesak a Public Holiday in Nepal earnestly requests the Heads of Governments of all countries in which large or small number of Buddhists are to be found to take steps to make the full moon day in the month of May a Public Holiday in honour of the Buddha who is universally acclaimed as one of the greatest benefactors of Humanity 12 On Vesak Day Buddhists all over the world commemorate events of significance to Buddhists of all traditions The birth enlightenment and the passing away of Gautama Buddha As Buddhism spread from India it was assimilated into many foreign cultures and consequently Vesak is celebrated in many different ways all over the world In India Vaishakh Purnima day is also known as Buddha Jayanti day and has been traditionally accepted as Buddha s birth day In 2000 the United Nations UN resolved to internationally observe the day of Vesak at its headquarters and offices 13 Celebration EditThe month of May usually has one full moon but as there are 81 5 days between full moons occasionally there are two If there are two full moons during the month of May some countries including Sri Lanka Cambodia and Malaysia celebrate Vesak on the first full moon while others Thailand Singapore celebrate the holiday on the second full moon because of an obsessive desire to be different The difference also manifests in the observance of other Buddhist holidays which are traditionally observed at the local full moon 14 On Vesak devout Buddhists and followers alike assemble in their various temples before dawn for the ceremonial and honorable hoisting of the Buddhist flag and the singing of hymns in praise of the holy triple gem The Buddha The Dharma his teachings and The Sangha his disciples Devotees may bring simple offerings of flowers candles and joss sticks to lay at the feet of their teacher These symbolic offerings are to remind followers that just as the beautiful flowers would wither away after a short while and the candles and joss sticks would soon burn out so too is life subject to decay and destruction Devotees are enjoined to make a special effort to refrain from killing of any kind They are encouraged to partake only of vegetarian food for the day In some countries notably Sri Lanka two days are set aside for the celebration of Vesak and all liquor shops and slaughter houses are closed by government decree during the two days Also birds insects and animals are released by the thousands in what is known as a symbolic act of liberation of giving freedom to those who are in captivity imprisoned or tortured against their will The practice however is banned in some countries such as Singapore as the released animals are unable to survive long term or may adversely impact the local ecosystem if they do 15 Some devout Buddhists will wear simple white clothing and spend the whole day in temples with renewed determination to observe the eight precepts Young novice monk on Vesak Day Parade Devout Buddhists undertake to lead a noble life according to the teaching by making daily affirmations to observe the Five Precepts However on special days notably new moon and full moon days they observe the eight precepts to train themselves to practice morality simplicity and humility Some temples also display a small statue of the Buddha in front of the altar in a small basin decorated with flowers and filled with water or sweet tea for devotees to pour over the statue This is symbolic of the cleansing of a practitioner s bad karma and to reenact the events following the Buddha s birth when devas and spirits made heavenly offerings to him Devotees are expected to listen to talks given by monks On this day monks will recite verses uttered by the Buddha twenty five centuries ago to invoke peace and happiness for the government and the people Buddhists are reminded to live in harmony with people of other faiths and to respect the beliefs of other people as the Buddha taught Bringing happiness to others Edit Play media Video Korean Buddhist monks perform ritual dances and music on Buddha s Birthday Celebrating Vesak also means making special efforts to bring happiness to the unfortunate like the aged the handicapped and the sick To this day Buddhists will distribute gifts in the form of cash or volunteering in various charitable homes throughout the country Vesak is also a time for great joy and happiness expressed not by pandering to one s appetites but by concentrating on useful activities such as decorating and illuminating temples or painting and creating exquisite scenes from the life of the Buddha for public dissemination Devout Buddhists also vie with one another to provide refreshments and vegetarian food to followers who visit the temple to pay homage to the Enlightened One 16 citation needed Paying homage to the Buddha Edit According to tradition the Buddha instructed followers how to pay him homage Just before he died he saw his faithful attendant Ananda weeping The Buddha advised him not to weep instead to understand the universal law that all compounded things including even his own body must disintegrate He advised everyone not to cry over the disintegration of the physical body but to regard his teachings The Dharma as their teacher from then on because only the truth of the Dhamma is eternal and not subject to the law of change He also stressed that the way to pay homage to him was not merely by offering flowers incense and lights but by truly and sincerely striving to follow his teachings Dates of observance Edit The exact date of Vesak is based on Asian lunisolar calendars and is primarily celebrated in Vaisakha a month of both the Buddhist and Hindu calendars hence the name Vesak In Nepal which is considered the birth country of Buddha it is celebrated on the full moon day of the Vaisakha month of the Hindu calendar and is traditionally called Buddha Purnima Purnima meaning the full moon day in Sanskrit In Theravada countries following the Buddhist calendar it falls on Uposatha Day the full moon typically in the 5th or 6th lunar month Nowadays in Sri Lanka Nepal India Bangladesh and Malaysia Vesak Buddha Purnima is celebrated on the day of the first full moon in May in the Gregorian calendar For countries using the lunisolar calendar the date for Vesak or Buddha s Birthday varies from year to year in the Gregorian calendar but usually falls in April or May in leap years it may be celebrated in June In Bhutan it is celebrated on the 15th day of the fourth month of the Bhutanese lunar calendar In Thailand Laos Singapore and Indonesia Vesak is celebrated on the fourteenth or fifteenth day of the fourth month in the Chinese lunar calendar In China Korea and Vietnam Buddha s Birthday is celebrated on the eighth day of the fourth month in the Chinese lunar calendar In Japan Buddha s Birthday is observed on the same date but in the Gregorian calendar i e 8 April In the following table year 2021 date as per the Buddhist calendar Year CE Thailand 17 Singapore 18 Laos Myanmar Sri Lanka 19 Cambodia 20 Indonesia 21 Nepal Bangladesh amp India 22 23 24 China Malaysia 25 Vietnam 26 Bhutan 27 2021 26 May 28 26 May 2565 26 May 2565 26 May 19 May 26 May Vesak is celebrated in Jetavana India 2011 In Southeast Asia Edit In Laos Edit The Vixakha Bouxa festival is the Lao version of the Thai Visakha Puja which it closely resembles It commemorates the birth enlightenment and death of the Buddha which are all said to have happened on the same date It is held around the month of May or Vesak based on the lunar calendar Celebrations include dances poems parades processions deep meditation theatrical performances and puppet shows Boun Bang Fay Edit One part of the Vixakha Bouxa festival is called Boun Bang Fay or Rocket Festival As this occurs during the hottest and driest season of the year large homemade rockets are launched into the sky in an attempt to convince the celestial beings to send down rain Traditionally Buddhist monks made the rockets out of hollow bamboo tubes filled with gunpowder among other things Nowadays lay people make the bang fai more like fireworks and hold competitions for the highest fastest and most colorful rockets The event takes place on both sides of the Mekhong River border between Thailand and the Lao People s Democratic Republic and sometimes teams from the neighbouring countries will compete against each other Tourists travel long distances to witness this now popular event In Indonesia Edit Vesak Day celebration in Borobudur temple Indonesia This significant and traditional holy day is observed throughout Indonesia where it is known as Waisak Day 29 30 At Borobudur thousands of Buddhist monks will join to repeat mantras and meditate as they circuit the temple in a ritual called Pradaksina This is a form of tribute to the temple Monks celebrate the special day by bottling holy water which symbolises humility and transporting flames which symbolize light and enlightenment from location to location The monks also take part in the Pindapata 31 ritual where they receive charity from the people of Indonesia Waisak Day in Indonesia has been celebrated as a national public holiday every year since 1983 In Malaysia Edit People thronged to the Maha Vihara Buddhist Temple during the Wesak Day celebration in Kuala Lumpur Malaysia Celebrated by Buddhists to mark three momentous events in Buddha s life his birth enlightenment and his departure from the human world the Wesak celebration in Malaysia begins at dawn when devotees gather at Buddhist temples nationwide to meditate on the Eight Precepts Donations giving food to the needy and offerings of incense and joss sticks and prayers are carried out The sutras are chanted in unison by monks in saffron robes The celebration is highlighted by a candle procession Wesak Day in Malaysia is a national public holiday In Myanmar Burma Edit Burmese Buddhist devotees traditionally water Bodhi trees to mark Vesak Burmese Buddhist devotees converge on a Bodhi tree in preparation for watering In Myanmar Burma Vesak is known as the Full Moon Day of Kason ကဆ န လပ ည ဗ ဒ ဓန which is the second month in the traditional Burmese calendar 32 The date is a public gazetted holiday Buddhist devotees typically celebrate by offering alms to Buddhist monks adhering to a more stringent set of Buddhist precepts practicing meditation and freeing fish and birds from captivity 33 Throughout the country the date is also marked by a traditional festival called the Nyaungye thun or Bodhi tree water pouring festival ည င ရ သ န ပ my whereby devotees visit pagodas or monasteries kyaung to pour scented water to sacred Bodhi Trees using clay pots 34 to ensure the trees which hold great significance in Buddhism do not die during the peak of summer 33 35 36 This tradition dates back to the pre colonial era and continues to take place at major pagodas such as the Shwekyetyet and Shwekyetkya Pagodas in the former royal capital of Amarapura 32 A Konbaung era court poet Letwe Thondara composed a complete set of yadu poems describing this festival in Meza Hill near Katha where he had been exiled by King Hsinbyushin 32 In Singapore Edit In Singapore Vesak Day was made a public holiday in 1955 after many public petitions replacing Whit Monday 37 38 39 In the early decades of the 20th century Vesak Day was associated with the Ceylonese community which then celebrated it along with their National Day in a two day event After World War II there was a movement to make Vesak Day a public holiday with the Singapore Buddhist Association leading the petitions 40 In South Asia Edit In Nepal Edit Vesak commonly known in Nepal as Buddha Jayanti is widely celebrated all across the country predominantly Lumbini the birthplace of Buddha and Swayambhu the holy temple for Buddhists also known as the Monkey Temple The main door of Swayambhu is opened only on this very day therefore people from all over Kathmandu valley are stimulated by the event Thousands of pilgrims from various parts of the world come together to celebrate Buddha s birthday at his birthplace Lumbini In Nepal Buddha is worshipped by all religious groups therefore Buddha Jayanti is marked by a public holiday People donate foods and clothes to the needy and also provide financial aid to monasteries and schools where Buddhism is taught and practised In Sri Lanka Edit Vesak Thorana in Piliyandala Sri Lanka Vesak is celebrated as a religious and a cultural festival in Sri Lanka on the full moon of the lunar month of Vesak usually in the Gregorian month of May for about one week and this festival is often celebrated by people of different religions in Sri Lanka 41 During this week the selling of alcohol and fresh meat is usually prohibited with slaughter houses also being closed 42 Celebrations include religious and alms giving activities Electrically lit pandals called thoranas are erected in locations mainly in Colombo Kandy Galle and elsewhere most sponsored by donors religious societies and welfare groups Each pandal illustrates a story from the Jataka tales In addition colorful lanterns called Vesak kuudu 43 are hung along streets and in front of homes They signify the light of the Buddha Dharma and the Sangha Food stalls set up by Buddhist devotees called dansalas provide free food ice cream and drinks to passersby 44 Groups of people from community organizations businesses and government departments sing bhakti gee Buddhist devotional songs Colombo experiences a massive influx of people from all parts of the country during this week In India Edit In India the full moon day of the Vaisakha month of the Hindu calendar is celebrated as Buddha Purnima or Vesak 7 The festival is commonly known as Buddha Purnima as Purnima means full moon day in Sanskrit and Hindi languages It is also called Buddha Jayanti with Jayanti meaning birthday in Sanskrit The festival is a public holiday in India 7 In Bangladesh Edit Vesak Day is an important festival for all Bengali Buddhists In Bangladesh it is celebrated in Chittagong Dhaka and other Buddhist regions in the country In the Bangla language it is known as Buddho Purnima It is also a public holiday in Bangladesh In East Asia Edit In Japan Edit In Japan Vesak or hanamatsuri 花祭 is also known as Kanbutsue 灌仏会 Goutan e 降誕会 Busshoue 仏生会 Yokubutsue 浴仏会 Ryuge e 龍華会 and Hanaeshiki 花会式 It is not a public holiday It is based on a legend that nine dragons appeared in the sky on the Buddha s birthday and poured amṛta over him 45 It used to be celebrated on the 8th day of the fourth month in the Chinese calendar based on one of the legends that proclaims the day as Buddha s birthday At present the celebration is observed on 8 April of the Solar Calendar since the government of Meiji Japan adopted the western solar calendar as the official calendar Since the 8th day of the fourth month in the lunar calendar commonly falls in May of the current solar calendar it is now celebrated about a month earlier In Japan Vesak celebrations include pouring 甘茶 amacha a sweet tea made from Hydrangea macrophylla on statues In Buddhist religious sites such as temples and viharas more involved ceremonies are conducted for lay Buddhists priests and monks and nuns In South Korea Edit Lotus Lantern Festival 연등회 Yeon Deung Hoe in Seoul South Korea In South Korea the birthday of Buddha is celebrated on the 8th day of the 4th month in the Korean lunar calendar as well as in Hong Kong Macau Vietnam and is an official holiday This day is called 석가탄신일 Seokga tansinil meaning Buddha s birthday or 부처님 오신 날 Bucheonim osin nal meaning the day when the Buddha came It has now grown into one of the nation s biggest cultural festivals Lotus lanterns cover the entire temple throughout the month which are often flooded down the street 46 On the day of Buddha s birth many temples provide free meals and tea to all visitors The breakfast and lunch provided are often sanchae bibimbap Yeondeunghoe 연등회 is a lantern lighting festival in Korea celebrating the Buddha s Birthday 47 It is inscribed in UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage List from 2020 and enlisted as South Korean Intangible Cultural Property from 2012 48 In Vietnam Edit See also Hue Vesak shootings From 1958 to 1975 the birthday of Buddha was a national public holiday in South Vietnam 49 It was a public festival with floats and lantern parades on the streets But there were times under the Catholic President Ngo Dinh Diem that South Vietnamese Buddhists were not allowed to celebrate Vesak In 1963 dispute between South Vietnamese Government and the Vietnamese Buddhists was one factor contributing to the downfall of Diem Successive South Vietnamese Governments recognized Vesak as a public holiday and allowed the celebrations to go on However after the Fall of Saigon the day was no longer a public holiday Since the 2000s the festival has witnessed a revival across the country as the country s communist regime sought to side with Buddhism in fear of accusation of religious persecution by the Christian minority 50 The Vesak Celebration is officially held by the Vietnamese Buddhist Sangha every year and it aggregated international delegates for great events in 2008 2014 2019 the 16th United Nations Day of Vesak Celebration 51 Outside Asia Edit In Canada Edit An annual event known as Vesak Buddha s Birthday is celebrated in Toronto in its three major three Buddhist temples that represent the three main branches of Buddhism 52 Held at Mississauga Celebration Square it features a number of Buddhist themed events and activities as well as cultural acts from Asia including China Sri Lanka and Vietnam 53 54 55 In United States Edit The celebration of Vesak or Buddha s Birthday in the United States differs among different Buddhist communities depending on their ethnicity and nationality In Maui Hawaii the community is usually invited to celebrate Vesak Day the birth of Buddha on the full moon of Vaisakha at Chua Tu Hanh Buddhist Temple in Kahului where there is guided sitting meditation and dharma talk by a Zen master which is followed by the bathing ceremony of the baby Buddha and a joyful meal to end the evening 56 The state of Hawaii has officially recognized April 8 of each year as Buddha Day which celebrates the birth of Gautama Buddha In the Bay Area of California the Japanese celebration on April 8 has also been significant for several decades In 1968 the first circumambulation of Mt Tamalpais to celebrate Buddha s Birthday was conducted Starting in 1969 at Tassajara Zen Mountain Center Hana Matsuri 花ーまつり flower festival was celebrated each spring Dressed in formal black robes the roughly 70 monks and students form a formal procession to the Horse Pasture with the leader periodically ringing a small clear bell A temporary stone altar was built under a huge oak tree in a gorgeous field of green grass and abundant wildflowers a small statue of a baby Buddha was placed upon it in a metal basin Then each person in turn approaches the altar and ladle one thin lipped bamboo dipperful of sweet green tea over the statue bow and walk to one side 57 New York celebrates the International Lotus Lantern Parade an annual event held at Union Square Park The event celebrates the Buddha s birthday and Yeon Deung Hoe 연등회 燃燈會 a Korean lantern celebration that is held during Vesak The festival features a number of Buddhist themed events and is started off by numerous Buddhist centers of Japanese Korean and Sri Lankan origins for example 58 United Nations EditOn 15 December 1999 the United Nations General Assembly adopted resolution 54 115 entitled International recognition of the Day of Vesak at United Nations Headquarters and other United Nations offices The proposal to declare Vesak as an international public holiday was tabled at the United Nations General Assembly by Sri Lanka The resolution internationally recognized the Day of Vesak to acknowledge the contributions that Lord Buddha and Buddhism have made for over two and a half millennia It also called for annual commemoration of the day at the UN Headquarters in New York UNESCO and other UN offices around the world 59 60 61 International celebrations since 2000 included the first Vesak celebration in the UN New York on 15 May 2000 34 countries were represented 62 The Day of Vesak is an official holiday for the UN offices in many of the countries in South East Asia International Vesak summit Edit Thailand has hosted an international Vesak summit 11 times Vietnam 3 times and Sri Lanka 1 time 25 May 2004 1st Asian Summit Buddhamonthon Thailand 62 18 21 May 2005 2nd Asian Summit Bangkok Thailand 62 2006 3rd Asian Summit Thailand 2007 4th Asian Summit Thailand 2008 5th Asian Summit Vietnam 2009 6th Asian Summit Thailand 2010 7th Asian Summit Thailand 2011 8th Asian Summit Thailand 2012 9th Asian Summit Thailand 2013 10th Asian Summit Thailand 2014 11th Asian Summit Vietnam 62 2015 12th Asian Summit Thailand 63 2016 13th Asian Summit Thailand 64 2017 14th Asian Summit Sri Lanka 65 66 2018 15th Asian Summit Thailand 2019 16th Asian Summit VietnamLocal renditions EditThere are multiple local renditions of the Vesak festival name varying by local language including Assamese ব দ ধ প র ণ ম Buddho Purnima Bengali ব দ ধ প র ণ ম Buddho Purnima ব দ ধ জয ন ত Buddho Joyonti Dzongkha ས ན པའ ད ས ཆ ན ༥ འཛ མས Dhuchen Nga Zom Burmese ကဆ န လပ ည ဗ ဒ ဓန Full Moon Day of Kason Mon တ ၚ က ဗ ဒ ဓ ဗပ ၚ ပသ Buddha Day Full Moon of Pasak Chinese 佛陀誕辰紀念日 pinyin Fotuo danchen jinian ri Buddha s Birthday or Birthday of the Gautama Buddha 佛誕 Fodan Birthday of the Buddha 浴佛節 Yufojie Occasion of Bathing the Buddha 衛塞節 Weisai jie Vesak Day 偉大的衛塞節花節偉大的滿月 Weida de wei sai jie hua jie weida de mǎnyue Great Vesak Day Flower Festival Full Moon of Flower Moon Hindi ब द ध प र ण म Buddha Purṇima ब द ध जयन त Buddha Jayanti व श ख प र ण म Vaisakh Purṇima Japanese 花祭り Hanamatsuri Flower Festival Khmer វ ស ខប ជ Visak Bochea Kannada ಬ ದ ಧ ಪ ರ ಣಮ Buddha Pournami Korean 석가 탄신일 Hanja 釋迦誕辰日 RR Seokka Tanshin il Birthday of the Shakyamuni Buddha Korean 부처님오신날 Buddha s Day Lao ວ ສາຂະບ ຊາ Vixakha Bouxa Malay Hari Wesak Jawi هاري ويسک Malaysian Hari Vesak Singapore Hari Waisak or Hari Raya Waisak Indonesian Mongolian Burhan Bagshijn Ih Dүjcen Өdor ᠭᠰᠸᠹᠺᠳᠭᠠᠨ ᠪᠣᠰᠠᠹᠰᠣᠨ ᠢᠺᠣᠬ ᠰᠰᠴᠪᠰᠡᠨ ᠳᠰᠷᠳᠥᠷ Burkhan Bagshiin Ikh Duitsen Odor Lord Buddha s Great Festival Day Russian Den rozhdeniya Gautamy Buddy Den rozhdeniya Gautamy Buddy Birthday of the Gautama Buddha Russian Den Gautamy Buddy Den Gautamy Buddy Gautama Buddha s Day Russian Velikij Den Cvetov Vesak Velikiy Den Tsvetov Vesak Great Vesak Flower Day Russian Den Vesaka Den Vesaka Vesak Day Russian Den Buddy Den Buddy Buddha s Day Russian Buddijskoe rozhdestvo Buddiyskoye rozhdestvo Buddhist Christmas French Vesak Marathi ब द ध प र ण म Buddha Pornima Newar स व य प न ह Swanya Punhi Nepali ब द ध प र ण म Buddha Purnima ब द ध जयन त Buddha Jayanti Odia ବ ଦ ଧ ପ ର ଣ ଣ ମ Buddha Purnima Sinhala ව සක Vesak ව ශ ක ය Vaishakya Tamil வ ச கத த ர ந ள Vicakat Tirunaḷ Malayalam വ ശ ഖ പ ർണമ ബ ദ ധ പ ർണ മ ബ ദ ധ ജയന ത Tagalog Araw ni Buddha Buddha s Day Telugu బ ద ధ ప ర ణమ Buddha Pournami or alternatively వ శ ఖ ప ర ణమ Vaisakha Pournami Thai wisakhbucha RTGS Wisakhabucha Tibetan ས ག ཟ བ ད ས ཆ ན Wylie sa ga zla ba dus chen THL Sa Ga Dawa Du Chen Vietnamese Phật Đản Birthday of the Buddha Vietnamese Ngay hội hoa phật Buddha s Lord Flower Festival Day See also See also EditInternational Day of VesakReferences Edit Splendid Moons Sri Lanka Public Holidays 2020 PublicHolidays lk BBC on Buddhism BBC Religions BBC Retrieved 21 November 2018 Making History Vesak Celebrated at the White House with Candle Offerings 27 May 2021 Fowler Jeaneane D 1997 World Religions it is celebrated to mark the birth enlightenment and the passing away of the Lord Buddha An Introduction for Students Sussex Academic Press ISBN 1 898723 48 6 Visakha Puja Accesstoinsight org Retrieved 20 March 2012 a b c Buddha Purnima 2021 Date history significance of Buddha Jayanti 26 May 2021 The Origins and Practices of Holidays Vesak 18 May 2019 Buddha Purnima 2021 Why is Buddha Birth anniversary celebrated Date significance and importance of the day 26 May 2021 Vesak Festival 7 May 2020 BUDDHA JAYANTI 6 May 2020 World Fellowship of Buddhists Second Two Year Plan B E 2544 2545 2001 2002 Buddha Dhyana Dana Review Online Retrieved 25 December 2015 Resolution Adopted by the General Assembly 54 115 International recognition of the Day of Vesak at United Nations Headquarters and other United Nations offices PDF United Nations Retrieved 6 February 2012 Vesak festival What is it and how do Buddhists celebrate Buddha Day or Wesak BBC Vesak Day practice of releasing animals harms ecosystems 22 May 2016 Bhaskar V S 2009 Faith amp Philosophy of Buddhism Kalpaz Publishing p 322 ISBN 978 8178357225 International VisakhaBuja Date Collection emuxnanapraeths tanghnhlngih wnwisakhbucha ithy Retrieved 2 February 2012 Vesak Day in Singapore timeanddate com Retrieved 1 March 2019 select pull down menu to see more years Vesak Full Moon Poya Day in Sri Lanka timeanddate com Retrieved 1 March 2019 Visak Bochea Day in Cambodia timeanddate com Retrieved 1 March 2019 select pull down menu to see more years Waisak Day Buddha s Anniversary in Indonesia timeanddate com Retrieved 1 March 2019 Buddha Jayanti in Nepal timeanddate com Retrieved 1 March 2019 Buddha Purnima Vesak in Bangladesh timeanddate com Retrieved 1 March 2019 Buddha Purnima Vesak in India timeanddate com Retrieved 1 March 2019 Wesak Day in Malaysia timeanddate com Retrieved 1 March 2019 Am lịch VN www informatik uni leipzig de Buddha s Parinibbana in Bhutan timeanddate com Retrieved 1 March 2019 Public holidays Ministry of Manpower Singapore Retrieved 25 May 2021 Akhtar Malik 1 January 2007 Survey of Buddhist Temples and Monasteries Anmol Publications p 145 ISBN 978 81 261 3259 1 Sameer Das Gupta 1 January 2008 Advanced history of Buddhism monasteries and temples Cyber Tech Publications p 145 ISBN 9788178843438 Meditation Filed under 18 October 2011 The custom of Pindapatha Dhammikaweb Retrieved 12 September 2021 a b c Khin Maung Nyunt 18 May 2019 Full moon day of Kasone Buddha Day The Global New Light of Myanmar a b Full moon day of Kason The Myanmar Times 20 May 2016 Retrieved 24 May 2020 Stay at home day of Kasone The Myanmar Times 5 May 2020 Retrieved 24 May 2020 Full moon day of Kason Yangon Life Retrieved 24 May 2020 Ye Ye Myint 19 May 2019 Buddha Day Full Moon Day of Kason celebrated across Myanmar Myanmar News Agency Y D Ong 1 January 2005 Buddhism in Singapore A Short Narrative History Skylark Publications p 206 ISBN 978 981 05 2740 2 Piyasilo 1992 New Directions in Buddhism Today Celebrating 30 Years of the Buddha Day Holidays 1962 1992 Community of Dharmafarers p 6 ISBN 978 983 9030 03 7 Jason Lim Terence Lee 26 May 2016 Singapore Negotiating State and Society 1965 2015 Routledge p 147 ISBN 978 1 317 33152 0 migration 12 May 2014 Vesak Day 5 things you should know about this Buddhist celebration The Straits Times Unifying the Spiritual and The secular Sunday Observer 27 April 2018 Retrieved 29 April 2018 Vesak Lakpura lakpura com How to make a Vesak lantern kudu Best 10 tutorials Student Sri Lanka Education 1 May 2014 Retrieved 12 September 2021 Vesak Festival in Sri Lanka lanka com Retrieved 29 April 2018 年中行事事典 p242 1958年 昭和33年 5月23日初版発行 西角井正慶編 東京堂出版 Lotus lanterns light up Seoul night Yeondeunghoe lantern lighting festival in the Republic of Korea Herald The Korea 16 December 2020 South Korea s lotus lantern lighting festival inscribed as UNESCO world heritage www koreaherald com Retrieved 11 February 2021 Nien biểu lịch sử Phật giao Việt Nam Archived from the original on 15 November 2012 Ha Nam Province to host Vesak 2019 The 16th United Nations Day of Vesak Celebrations 2019 The 16th United Nations Day of Vesak Celebrations 2019 vesak celebration vesak2014 Archived copy Archived from the original on 8 March 2016 Retrieved 8 March 2016 CS1 maint archived copy as title link Khalil Nouman 14 May 2014 Buddhists to mark Buddha s birthday at Celebration Square Mississauga com Vesak Buddha s Birthday Celebration Mississauga Culture 11 April 2016 Local Religion In Brief Birth of Buddha to be celebrated 17 May 2019 2014 Hanamatsuri Bazaar Japanese and Buddhist Cultural Festival 2 Days Japanese City com www japanese city com The 25th International Lotus Lantern Parade for the Celebration of Buddha s Birthday ICNY interfaithcenter org United Nations News Service 10 May 2017 Buddha s message of compassion timeless says UN chief on international day UN News Service Section United Nations UN News Centre Retrieved 11 May 2017 International recognition of the Day of Vesak at United Nations Headquarters and other United Nations offices www un org United Nations Retrieved 11 May 2017 Mahinda Deegalle 2018 Vesak Peace and Harmony Thinking of Buddhist Heritage Kandy Research Centre for Buddhist Studies a b c d Mahinda Deegalle 2018 Vesak Peace and Harmony Thinking of Buddhist Heritage ch 1 http www undv org vesak2015 en http www undv org vesak2016 Current Affairs Sri Lanka to host the 14th Edition of United Nations International Day of Vesak 2017 http www unvesak2017 org External links Edit Media related to Vesak at Wikimedia Commons The Significance of Vesak Buddha Day Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Vesak amp oldid 1053586205, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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